The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERAPHOSIDAE

Gen. Acanthoscurria Ausserer, 1871 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00192]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Trasyphoberus Simon, 1903 by Raven, 1985a: 159.

Transferred to other genera:
A. cristata Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Lasiodora.
A. dubia Chamberlin, 1917 -- see Phormictopus.

In synonymy:
A. abnormis Ibarra, 1954 = A. insubtilis Simon, 1892 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 412).
A. altmanni Schmidt, 2003 = A. chacoana Brèthes, 1909 (Bertani & Carla-da-Silva, 2004: 2).
A. atrox Vellard, 1924 = A. paulensis Mello-Leitão, 1923 (Lucas et al., 2010: 564).
A. aurita Piza, 1939 = A. gomesiana Mello-Leitão, 1923 (Gonzalez-Filho et al., 2012: 2).
A. chiracantha Mello-Leitão, 1923 = A. natalensis Chamberlin, 1917 (Lucas et al., 2011: 526).
A. cursor Chamberlin, 1917 = A. natalensis Chamberlin, 1917 (Lucas et al., 2011: 526).
A. fracta Chamberlin, 1917 = A. natalensis Chamberlin, 1917 (Lucas et al., 2011: 526).
A. gigantea Tullgren, 1905 = A. sternalis Pocock, 1903 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 393).
A. guaxupe Piza, 1972 = A. paulensis Mello-Leitão, 1923 (Lucas et al., 2010: 564).
A. lycosoides (Tullgren, 1905, T from Cyrtopholis) = A. ferina Simon, 1892 (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965a: 375).
A. parahybana Mello-Leitão, 1926 = A. natalensis Chamberlin, 1917 (Lucas et al., 2011: 526).
A. parvitarsis (Simon, 1903) = A. ferina Simon, 1892 (Lucas, 1983a: 155).
A. pheopygus (Mello-Leitão, 1923, T from Phormictopus) = A. gomesiana Mello-Leitão, 1923 (Lucas, 1983c: 350).
A. pugnax Vellard, 1924 = A. gomesiana Mello-Leitão, 1923 (Gonzalez-Filho et al., 2012: 2).
A. rondoniae Mello-Leitão, 1923 = A. natalensis Chamberlin, 1917 (Lucas et al., 2011: 526).
A. substernalis Strand, 1907 = A. sternalis Pocock, 1903 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 393).
A. violacea Mello-Leitão, 1923 = A. gomesiana Mello-Leitão, 1923 (Gonzalez-Filho et al., 2012: 2).

Nomina dubia:
A. cunhae Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 282, f. 55-59, 168 (m, Brazil, A. cunhai in Bonnet, 1955: 136) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001664] -- Gonzalez-Filho et al., 2012: 10.
A. melanotheria Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 310 (f, Brazil) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001674] --Gonzalez-Filho et al., 2012: 10.

mf acuminata Schmidt & Tesmoingt, 2005....................Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001655]
A. a. Schmidt & Tesmoingt, 2000: 2, f. 1-2 (f, nomen nudum, no type depository).
A. a. Schmidt, 2000b: 1, f. 1-2 (m, nomen nudum, no type depository).
A. a. Schmidt, 2003l: 141, f. 235-238 (mf).
A. a. Schmidt & Tesmoingt, in Schmidt, 2005g: 4, f. 1-2, 7, f. 1-2 (Dmf).

f antillensis Pocock, 1903....................Lesser Antilles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001656]
A. a. Pocock, 1903b: 86 (Df).
A. a. Schmidt, 2003l: 141, f. 240 (f).
A. a. Peters, 2003: 11, f. 15 (f).
A. a. Peters, 2005a: 8, f. 2 (f).

mf bollei Schmidt, 2005....................Argentina, Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038370]
A. b. Schmidt, 2004a: 4, f. 1 (m, nomen nudum, no type depository).
A. b. Schmidt, 2004e: 4, f. 1-2 (f, nomen nudum, no type depository).
A. b. Schmidt, 2005g: 16, f. 1 (Dm).
A. b. Peters, 2005b: 14, f. 13-18 (mf).

mf borealis Schmidt & Peters, 2005....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039487]
A. b. Schmidt & Peters, 2005: 3, f. 1-15 (mf, nomen nudum, no type depository).
A. b. Schmidt & Peters, in Schmidt, 2005g: 28, f. 1-15 (Dmf).
A. b. Peters, 2005b: 15, f. 19-24 (mf).

mf brocklehursti F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001659]
A. b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 739, pl. 24, f. 18 (Df).
A. b. Bücherl, 1957: 397, f. 60-60a (m).
A. b. Schmidt, 1986: 54, f. 74-75 (m).
A. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 76, f. 150-151 (m).
A. b. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 95 (m).
A. b. Schmidt, 2003l: 141, f. 241-242 (m).
A. b. Peters, 2003: 13, f. 27-28 (m).

mf chacoana Brèthes, 1909....................Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001660]
A. c. Brèthes, 1909a: 45 (Df).
A. musculosa Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 302, f. 83-85, 180 (m, misidentified).
A. c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 402, pl. I, f. 14-19 (f, Dm).
A. musculosa Stewien, 1969: 79, f. 1-7 (f, misidentified).
A. altmanni Schmidt, 2003a: 7, f. 1-3, 8 (Df).
A. altmanni Schmidt, 2003c: 3, f. 1-5 (Dm).
A. altmanni Schmidt, 2003l: 141, f. 239 (f).
A. altmanni Peters, 2003: 9, f. 1-12 (f).
A. c. Bertani & Carla-da-Silva, 2004: 2, f. 1-12 (mf, S).
A. c. Peters, 2005b: 16, f. 23-28 (mf).

f convexa (C. L. Koch, 1842)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001662]
Mygale c. C. L. Koch, 1842: 94, f. 750 (Df).
Crypsidromus c. Ausserer, 1871a: 195.
Callyntropus c. Pocock, 1901c: 544.
A. c. Simon, 1903a: 943.

mf cordubensis Thorell, 1894....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001663]
A. c. Thorell, 1894a: 28 (Dm).
A. c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 401, pl. I, f. 8-13 (m, Df).
A. c. Schmidt, 1999f: 4, f. 26-27 (m).
A. c. Peters, 2003: 15, f. 33-34, 36 (mf).
A. c. Schmidt, 2004e: 4, f. 3 (f).
A. c. Peters, 2005b: 18, f. 33-37 (mf).

mf ferina Simon, 1892....................Peru, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001666]
A. f. Simon, 1892d: 282 (Dm).
Trasyphoberus parvitarsis Simon, 1903a: 942, f. 1087 (Df).
Cyrtopholis lycosoides Tullgren, 1905: 9 (Df).
Trasyphoberus parvitarsis Bücherl, 1957: 399, f. 72-72a (m).
A. f. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 410, pl. II, f. 9-14 (m, Df).
A. f. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965a: 375, f. 1-2 (f, S).
Trasyphoberus f. Lucas, 1983a: 155 (S).
Trasyphoberus parvitarsis Schmidt, 1986: 56, f. 80-82 (m).
A. f. Schmidt, 1993d: 76, f. 152-154 (m).
A. f. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 92, 96-97 (m).
A. f. Peters, 2000a: 15, f. 23-24 (m).
A. f. Schmidt, 2003l: 142, f. 243-244 (m).
A. f. Peters, 2003: 17, f. 42-44, 50 (mf).

mf geniculata (C. L. Koch, 1841) *....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001668]
Mygale g. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 43, f. 718 (Dm).
Scurria g. C. L. Koch, 1850: 74.
A. g. Ausserer, 1871a: 206, pl. 1, f. 10 (m).
A. g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 737, pl. 34, f. 17 (Df).
A. g. Bücherl, 1957: 397, f. 63 (m).
A. g. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 293, f. 15-16 (f).
A. g. Schmidt, 1986: 54, f. 76 (m).
A. g. Schmidt, 1993d: 76, f. 155-156 (mf).
A. g. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 41, f. 3-4, 6 (m).
A. g. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 93, 98 (mf).
A. g. Schmidt, 1998e: 2, f. 1 (f).
A. g. Bertani, 2001: 325, f. 45-47 (mf).
A. g. Schmidt, 2003l: 128, 142, f. 130, 245 (mf).
A. g. Peters, 2003: 20, f. 59-61 (mf).

mf gomesiana Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001669]
A. g. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 306, f. 51-55, 167 (Dm).
Phormictopus pheopygus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 273, f. 150-152 (Df).
A. violacea Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 292, f. 182 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001689].
A. pugnax Vellard, 1924a: 142, pl. 8, f. 34 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001680].
A. aurita Piza, 1939a: 5, f. 2-3 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001658].
A. g. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 411, pl. III, f. 4-9 (m, Df).
A. g. Lucas, 1983c: 350 (S).
A. violacea Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 415, pl. III, f. 19-21 (f, Dm).
A. g. Gonzalez-Filho et al., 2012: 2, f. 1a-d, 2a-f, 5a-f (mf, S).

f hirsutissimasterni Schmidt, 2007....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039488]
A. h. Schmidt, 2007a: 3, f. 1 (Df).

m insubtilis Simon, 1892....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001671]
A. i. Simon, 1892d: 282 (Dm).
A. abnormis Ibarra, 1954: 19, f. 1-5 (Dm).
A. i. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 412, pl. II, f. 1-8 (m, S).
A. i. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 27-28 (m).

mf juruenicola Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001672]
A. j. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 294 (Df).
A. j. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 413, pl. III, f. 3 (f).
A. j. Lucas et al., 1981b: 151, f. 1-5 (Dm).
A. j. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 29-30 (m).
A. j. Peters, 2003: 22, f. 67 (f).

m maga Simon, 1892....................South America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001673]
A. m. Simon, 1892d: 280 (Dm).

m minor Ausserer, 1871....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001675]
A. m. Ausserer, 1871a: 206, pl. 1, f. 11 (Dm).
A. m. Vol, 2000b: 8, pls. I-III (m).
A. m. Schmidt, 2004a: 4, f. 2 (m).
A. m. Peters, 2003: 23, f. 71-72 (m).
A. m. Schmidt, 2005g: 18, f. 2 (m).
A. m. Peters, 2005b: 20, f. 43-46 (m).

m musculosa Simon, 1892....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001676]
A. m. Simon, 1892d: 281 (Dm).
A. m. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 413, pl. III, f. 10-14 (m).
A. m. Peters, 2000a: 17, f. 30 (f, probably misidentified A. chacoana).
A. m. Peters, 2003: 25, f. 78-79 (mf, probably misidentified A. chacoana).

mf natalensis Chamberlin, 1917....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001677]
A. n. Chamberlin, 1917: 64 (Df).
A. cursor Chamberlin, 1917: 65, pl. 4, f. 10 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001665].
A. fracta Chamberlin, 1917: 66, pl. 5, f. 1 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001667].
A. rondoniae Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 287 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001682].
A. chiracantha Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 288, f. 81-82, 89, 181 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001661].
A. parahybana Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 321 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001678].
A. fracta Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 185, pls. XI, XIX (Df).
A. rondoniensis Bonnet, 1955: 138 (invalid emendation).
A. cursor Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 408, pl. II, f. 15-18 (m).
A. chiracanthia Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 409, pl. II, f. 19-23 (m).
A. fracta Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 411, pl. III, f. 15-18 (m).
A. n. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 414, pl. III, f. 1-2 (f).
A. rondoniensis Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 415, pl. II, f. 24 (f).
A. cursor Smith, 1986b: 146, f. 7h (m).
A. fracta Smith, 1986b: 146, f. 10h (m).
A. cursor Smith, 1987d: 146, f. 7h (m).
A. fracta Smith, 1987d: 146, f. 10h (m).
A. cursor Peters, 2000b: 140, f. 417 (m).
A. cursor Peters, 2003: 16, f. 38 (m).
A. fracta Peters, 2003: 19, f. 52-54 (m).
A. n. Peters, 2003: 26, f. 85 (f).
A. fracta Peters, 2005b: 19, f. 38-42 (m).
A. n. Lucas et al., 2011: 526, f. 1-9 (f, Sm).

mf paulensis Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001679]
A. p. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 304, f. 86-88, 178-179 (Dm).
A. atrox Vellard, 1924a: 143, pl. 8, f. 35 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001657].
A. atrox Bücherl, 1957: 396, f. 58-58b (m).
A. guaxupe Piza, 1972b: 161, 1 fig. (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001670].
A. p. Smith, 1986b: 148, f. 18h (m).
A. atrox Schmidt, 1986: 54, f. 71-73 (m).
A. p. Smith, 1987d: 148, f. 18h (m).
A. atrox Schmidt, 1993d: 76, f. 147-149 (m).
A. atrox Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 90-91, 94 (m).
A. atrox Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 25-26 (m).
A. atrox Schmidt, 2003l: 128, f. 127-129 (m).
A. atrox Peters, 2000a: 14, f. 18-19 (m).
A. atrox Peters, 2003: 12, f. 20-23 (mf).
A. atrox Peters, 2005a: 9, f. 4 (f).
A. p. Lucas et al., 2010: 564, f. 1-9 (m, Sf).

f proxima (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002088]
Hemiercus proximus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 155 (Df).
Hemiercus proximus Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tf from Holothele, contra Raven, 1985a).
A. p. Guadanucci & Weinmann, 2014: 287 (Tf from Hemiercus=Schismatothele).

f rhodothele Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001681]
A. r. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 296, f. 122, 140 (Df).

m simoensi Vol, 2000....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041559]
A. s. Vol, 2000b: 8, pls. I-III (Dm).

mf sternalis Pocock, 1903....................Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001683]
A. s. Pocock, 1903b: 86 (Df).
A. gigantea Tullgren, 1905: 11, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).
A. substernalis Strand, 1907l: 66 (Df).
A. gigantea Mello-Leitão, 1933c: 173 (Dm).
A. s. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 403, pl. I, f. 1-7 (f, Sm).
A. s. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965a: 375, f. 4 (f).
A. s. Bertani, 2001: 325, f. 41-44 (mf).
A. s. Schmidt, 2003d: 12, f. 1 (f).
A. s. Schmidt, 2003l: 143, f. 246 (f).
A. s. Peters, 2003: 27, f. 88, 91-93 (mf).
A. s. Peters, 2005b: 21, f. 47-53 (mf).
A. s. Gabriel, 2011b: 26, f. 1 (f; N.B.: legend erroneously reads A. suina, per Gabriel).
A. s. Gabriel, 2011c: 12, f. 3 (f).

mf suina Pocock, 1903....................Argentina, Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001684]
A. s. Pocock, 1903b: 87 (Df).
A. s. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 407, p. I, f. 20-25 (f, Dm).
A. s. Smith, 1989a: 13, unnumbered f. (f).
A. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 41, f. 5 (f).
A. s. Schmidt, 1999f: 5, f. 24 (f).
A. s. Peters, 2003: 28, f. 95-96, 99, 101 (mf).
A. s. Gabriel, 2011c: 12, f. 1 (f).

f tarda Pocock, 1903....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001685]
A. t. Pocock, 1903b: 87 (Df).

m theraphosoides (Doleschall, 1871)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001686]
Acanthopalpus t. Doleschall, in Ausserer, 1871a: 208, pl. 1, f. 12-13 (Dm).
A. t. Simon, 1892a: 158.
A. t. Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 75, f. 1-2 (m).

m transamazonica Piza, 1972....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001687]
A. t. Piza, 1972a: 99, 1 fig. (Dm).

m turumban Rodríguez-Manzanilla & Bertani, 2010....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043644]
A. t. Rodríguez-Manzanilla & Bertani, 2010: 143, f. 1-9 (Dm).

mf urens Vellard, 1924....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001688]
A. u. Vellard, 1924a: 140, pl. 7, f. 33 (Dmf).

mf xinguensis Timotheo, 1960....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001690]
A. x. Timotheo, 1960: 2, f. 1-4 (Dmf).