The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERIDIIDAE

Gen. Achaearanea Strand, 1929 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00662]

A. Strand, 1929, replacement name for Achaea O. P.-Cambridge, 1882, preoccupied, omitted by Roewer; as construed by Levi, 1995a: 6, possibly polyphyletic (Forster, Platnick & Coddington, 1990: 114), not a senior synonym of Parasteatoda Archer, 1946 (Saaristo, 2006: 69, contra Levi, 1995a: 6), or of Cryptachaea Archer, 1946 or Hentziectypus Archer, 1946 (Yoshida, 2008: 38, contra Levi, 1955a: 6).

Transferred to other genera:
A. acoreensis (Berland, 1932) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. alacris (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. altiventer (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. ambera Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. analista Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. angulithorax (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. anna Levi, 1959 -- see Hentziectypus.
A. anastema Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. apex Levi, 1959 -- see Hentziectypus.
A. asiatica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. azteca (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. banosensis Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. barra Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. bellula (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. bentifica (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. blattea (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. boqueronica (Kraus, 1955) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. brookesiana Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. caboverdensis Schmidt & Piepho, 1994 -- see Paidiscura.
A. caliensis Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. cambridgei (Petrunkevitch, 1911) -- see Chrysso.
A. campanulata Chen, 1993 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. camura (Simon, 1877) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. canionis (Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1929) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. caqueza Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. catapetraea (Gertsch & Archer, 1942) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. celsabdomina Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. chilensis Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. chiricahua Levi, 1955 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. cingulata Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. cinnabarina Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. conigera (Simon, 1914) -- see Achaeridion.
A. conjuncta (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) -- see Hentziectypus.
A. credula (Gertsch & Davis, 1936) -- see Hentziectypus.
A. crocea (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) -- see Dipoena.
A. culicivora (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. dalana Buckup & Marques, 1991 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. daliensis Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. dea Buckup & Marques, 2006 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. decorata (L. Koch, 1867) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. diamantina Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. digitus Buckup & Marques, 2006 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. dromedaria (Simon, 1880) -- see Paidiscura.
A. dromedariformis (Roewer, 1942) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. ducta Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. eramus Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. extrilida (Keyserling, 1890) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. ferrumequina (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)
A. florendida Levi, 1959 -- see Hentziectypus.
A. florens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) -- see Hentziectypus.
A. fordum luctuosa (Caporiacco, 1954) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. fresno Levi, 1955 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. galeiforma Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. geochares Levi, 1955 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. gibberosa (Kulczyn'ski, 1899) -- see Echinotheridion.
A. gigantea (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. globosa (Hentz, 1850) -- see Hentziectypus.
A. guadalupensis (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. gui Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. hammeni Chrysanthus, 1963 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. herbigrada (Simon, 1873) -- see Neottiura.
A. hermosillo Levi, 1959 -- see Hentziectypus.
A. hirta (Taczanowski, 1873) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. ignota (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. index (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944) -- see Coleosoma.
A. inops Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. insulsa (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. isana Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. japonica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. jequirituba Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. jinghongensis Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. kaindi Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982-- see Parasteatoda.
A. kaspi Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. koepckei Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. kompirensis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. krausi Chrysanthus, 1963 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. labarda Roberts, 1983 -- see Bardala.
A. lanyuensis Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. leguiai (Chamberlin, 1916) -- see Theridion.
A. liaoyuanensis Zhu & Yu, 1982 -- see Theridion.
A. longiducta Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. lota Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. luculenta (Bryant, 1940) -- see Chrysso.
A. lunata (Clerck, 1757) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. lunata (Olivier, 1789) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. lunata serrata (Franganillo, 1930) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. manzanillo Levi, 1959 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. maraca Buckup & Marques, 1991 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. maronica (Caporiacco, 1954) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. maxima (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. mea (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. mendax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899) -- see Hentziectypus.
A. meraukensis Chrysanthus, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. mesax Levi, 1959 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. migrans (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. milagro Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. mundula (L. Koch, 1872) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. nayaritensis Levi, 1959 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. nipponica Yoshida, 1983 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. nordica (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947) -- see Chrysso.
A. oblivia (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. obnubila (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. oculiprominens (Saito, 1939) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. ohlerti (Thorell, 1870) -- see Theridion.
A. orana Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. orgea Levi, 1967 -- see Theridion.
A. oxymaculata Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. pallida (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. pallipera Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. pallipes (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. parana Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. passiva (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. picadoi (Banks, 1909) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. pilaton Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. pinguis (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. polygramma (Kulczyn'ski, 1911) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. porteri (Banks, 1896) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. portoricensis (Petrunkevitch, 1930) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. projectivulva Yoshida, 2001 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. pura (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. pusillana (Roewer, 1942) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. pydanieli Buckup & Marques, 1991 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. quadrimaculata Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. quadripartita (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Theridion.
A. rafaeli Buckup & Marques, 1991 -- see Hentziectypus.
A. rapa Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. redempta (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. rioensis Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. riparia (Blackwall, 1834) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. rostra Zhu & Zhang, 1992 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. rostrata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. rupicola (Emerton, 1882) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. ryukyu Yoshida, 2000 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. salvadorensis (Kraus, 1955) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. saxatilis (C. L. Koch, 1835) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. schneirlai Levi, 1959 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. schraderorum Levi, 1959 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. schullei (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) -- see Hentziectypus.
A. serax Levi, 1959 -- see Hentziectypus.
A. serenoae (Gertsch & Archer, 1942) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. serica (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Steatoda.
A. sicki Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. simulans (Thorell, 1875) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. simulata (Emerton, 1926) -- see Theridion.
A. songi Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. subtabulata Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. subvexa Zhu, 1998 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. tabulata Levi, 1980 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. taeniata (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. taim Buckup & Marques, 2006 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. teja Levi, 1967 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. terex Levi, 1959 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. tesselata (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. tovarensis Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. transipora (Zhu & Zhang, 1992) -- see Parasteatoda.
A. triangula Yoshida, 1993 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. triguttata (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. trinidensis Levi, 1959 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. turquino Levi, 1959 -- see Hentziectypus.
A. umbratica (L. Koch, 1872) -- see Theridion.
A. undata (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. ungilensis Kim & Kim, 1996 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. uviana Levi, 1963 -- see Cryptachaea.
A. valoka Chrysanthus, 1975 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. veruculata (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. vervoorti Chrysanthus, 1975 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. vivida (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Cryptachaea.
A. wau Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982 -- see Parasteatoda.
A. xinjiangensis Hu & Wu, 1989 -- see Heterotheridion.
A. zonensis Levi, 1959 -- see Cryptachaea.

In synonymy:
A. pentagona (Caporiacco, 1954) = A. hieroglyphica (Mello-Leitão, 1940) (Levi, 1967b: 22).

Homonym replaced:
A. globosa Patel, 2003 -- see A. triangularis.

Nomen dubium:
A. quadripunctata (Simon, 1895g: 145, m, Brazil, originally in Achaea) -- Levi, 1963b: 194 (but see Dyal, 1935: 160, pl. 14, f. 86).

f alboinsignita Locket, 1980....................Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006744]
A. a. Locket, 1980: 118, f. 2-8 (Df).

m baltoformis Yin & Peng, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046172]
A. b. Yin & Peng, in Yin et al., 2012: 247, f. 78a-d (Dm).

f biarclata Yin & Bao, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046173]
A. b. Yin & Bao, in Yin et al., 2012: 249, f. 79a-d (Df).

f budana Tikader, 1970....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006758]
A. b. Tikader, 1970: 16, f. 9a-b (Df).

f coilioducta Yin, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046174]
A. c. Yin, in Yin et al., 2012: 253, f. 82a-c (Df).

f diglipuriensis Tikader, 1977....................Andaman Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006775]
A. d. Tikader, 1977a: 173, f. 9A-B (Df).

mf disparata Denis, 1965....................Gabon, Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006776]
A. d. Denis, 1965a: 396, f. 1-12 (Dmf).
A. d. Darchen & Ledoux, 1978: 121, f. 4a-c (mf, may be S of Parasteatoda. tesselata).

mf diversipes (Rainbow, 1920)....................Norfolk, Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006777]
Theridion d. Rainbow, 1920b: 242, pl. 29, f. 39-42 (Dmf).
A. d. Gray, 1974: 52 (Tmf from Theridion).

f dubitabilis Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006779]
A. d. Wunderlich, 1987a: 217, f. 571-573 (Df).

f durgae Tikader, 1970....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006781]
A. d. Tikader, 1970: 17, f. 10a-b (Df).

f epicosma (Rainbow, 1920)....................Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006782]
Theridion epicosmus Rainbow, 1920b: 243, pl. 29, f. 43-44 (Df).
A. epicosmum Gray, 1974: 52 (Tf from Theridion).

m extumida Xing, Gao & Zhu, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006785]
A. e. Xing, Gao & Zhu, 1994: 166, f. 6-8 (Dm).

m flavomaculata Yin, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046175]
A. f. Yin, in Yin et al., 2012: 257, f. 85a-c (Dm).

mf globispira Henschel & Jocqué, 1994....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006792]
A. g. Henschel & Jocqué, 1994: 1288, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf hieroglyphica (Mello-Leitão, 1940)....................Peru, Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006797]
Achaea h. Mello-Leitão, 1940d: 202 (Df).
Chrysso pentagona Caporiacco, 1954: 75, f. 12, 12a (Df).
A. pentagona Levi, 1962b: 211 (Tf from Chrysso).
A. pentagona Levi, 1963b: 202, f. 1-3 (f).
A. h. Levi, 1967b: 22 (S).
A. h. Agnarsson & Coddington, 2007: 638, f. 7-10 (f, not m. =Cryptachaea ingijonathorum).
A. h. Buckup, Marques & Rodrigues, 2012a: 210, f. 4-6 (Dm).

m inopinata Brignoli, 1972....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006799]
A. i. Brignoli, 1972c: 378, f. 31-32 (Dm).

f linhan Yin & Bao, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046176]
A. l. Yin & Bao, in Yin et al., 2012: 264, f. 89a-c (Df).

m machaera Levi, 1959....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006816]
A. m. Levi, 1959b: 75, f. 51 (Dm).

mf maricaoensis (Bryant, 1942)....................Panama, Puerto Rico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006819]
Theridion m. Bryant, 1942b: 2, f. 2-4 (Dm).
A. m. Levi, 1959b: 73, f. 45-50 (Tm from Theridion, Df).
A. m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 43, f. 80 (f).

m micratula (Banks, 1909)....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006822]
Dipoena m. Banks, 1909a: 205, pl. 6, f. 29 (Dm).
A. m. Levi, 1963a: 138 (Tm from Dipoena).
A. m. Levi, 1963b: 232, f. 109 (m).

f nigrodecorata (Rainbow, 1920)....................Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006828]
Theridion nigrodecoratum Rainbow, 1920b: 241, pl. 28, f. 35-37 (Df).
A. nigrodecoratum Gray, 1974: 52 (Tf from Theridion).

mf palgongensis Seo, 1993....................Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006836]
A. p. Seo, 1993a: 169, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

mf propera (Keyserling, 1890)....................New South Wales, Tasmania, Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006844]
Theridion properum Keyserling, 1890: 242, pl. 22, f. 2 (Df).
Theridion properum Hickman, 1967: 48, f. 82-83 (f, Dm).
A. properum Gray, 1974: 52 (Tmf from Theridion).

f septemguttata (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006859]
Achaea s. Simon, 1909e: 91 (Df).

f simaoica Zhu, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006863]
A. s. Zhu, 1998: 84, f. 46A-C (Df).
A. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 42C-D (f).

mf tingo Levi, 1963....................Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006873]
A. t. Levi, 1963b: 202, f. 4-6 (Df).
A. t. Buckup, Marques & Rodrigues, 2012a: 210, f. 3 (Dm).

mf trapezoidalis (Taczanowski, 1873) *....................Panama to Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006876]
Argyrodes t. Taczanowski, 1873: 115, pl. 5, f. 10 (Dmf).
Achaea insignis O. P.-Cambridge, 1882c: 428, pl. 30, f. 5 (Dm).
Thwaitesia diversa O. P.-Cambridge, 1882c: 432, pl. 31, f. 8 (Df).
Achaea t. Keyserling, 1884a: 102, pl. 5, f. 66 (mf).
Achaea t. Simon, 1894a: 551, f. 562 (f).
Achaea t. Archer, 1950: 17, pl. II, f. 1 (m).
A. t. Levi, 1955a: 9, f. 7-13 (mf).
A. t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 43, f. 74-75 (m).
A. t. Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 368, f. 118 (m).

mf triangularis Patel, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039764]
A. globosa Patel, 2003: 1208, f. 1-6 (Dmf, preoccupied by Hentz, 1850, now in Hentziectypus).
A. t. Patel, in Siliwal, Molur & Biswas, 2005: 2004, 2040 (replacement name).