The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Aculepeira Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01424]

A. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 75, type Araneus aculeatus (Emerton, 1877).

Transferred to other genera:
A. callaria Levi, 1991 -- see Amazonepeira.
A. tedgenica (Bakhvalov, 1978) -- see Neoscona.

In synonymy:
A. aculeata (Emerton, 1877, removed from S of A. carbonarioides) = A. packardi (Thorell, 1875).
A. armida canescens (Simon, 1908) = A. armida (Audouin, 1826) (Levy, 1998a: 329).
A. charitonovi (Ermolajew, 1928) = A. carbonarioides (Keyserling, 1892) (Marusik, Tarabaev & Litovchenko, 1991: 15).
A. cutucensis (Kraus, 1955, T from Araneus) = A. travassosi (Soares & Camargo, 1948) (Levi, 1991a: 298).
A. helvola (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Metazygia) = A. aculifera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1993a: 236).
A. hyperborea (Kulczyn'ski, 1908) = A. carbonarioides (Keyserling, 1892) (Marusik, Tarabaev & Litovchenko, 1991: 15).
A. karabagi (Karol, 1965, T from Araneus) = A. talishia (Zawadsky, 1902) (Levi, 1977b: 236, sub A. noseki).
A. kariae (Roewer, 1942, attributed to Strand, 1920, T from Araneus) = A. talishia (Zawadsky, 1902) (Levi, 1977b: 236, sub A. noseki).
A. lencoranicus (Bakhvalov, 1983, T from Araneus) = A. talishia (Zawadsky, 1902) (Marusik, 1985b: 137).
A. melloi (Brignoli, 1983, T from Araneus) = A. albovittata (Mello-Leitão, 1941) (Levi, 1991a: 303).
A. noseki (Strand, 1907) = A. talishia (Zawadsky, 1902) (Marusik, 1985b: 137).
A. sargi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Araneus) = A. aculifera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 304).
A. septentrionalis (Kulczyn'ski, 1908, T from Araneus) = A. packardi (ThoreII, 1875) (Levi, 1977b: 228).
A. vachoni (Karol, 1964, T from Araneus) = A. ceropegia (Walckenaer, 1802) (Levi, 1977b: 234).
A. vegae (Holm, 1970, T from Araneus) = A. carbonarioides (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1977b: 230).
A. verae Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = A. packardi (ThoreII, 1875) (Levi, 1977b: 228).
A. victoria (Thorell, 1870, T from Araneus) = A. armida (Audouin, 1826) (Drensky, 1943: 244, sub Araneus).

mf aculifera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................USA to Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014430]
Epeira a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 29, pl. 7, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira helvola O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 24, pl. 5, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Epeira sargi O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 28, pl. 6, f. 5 (Df).
Epeira sargi Keyserling, 1892: 123, pl. 6, f. 91 (f).
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1892: 207, pl. 10, f. 153 (f).
Epeira helvola Keyserling, 1893: 221, pl. 11, f. 164 (mf).
Aranea sargi F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 511, pl. 49, f. 2 (f).
Aranea a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 512, pl. 49, f. 5 (f).
Aranea helvola F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 513, pl. 49, f. 10 (mf).
Araneus aculiferus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 277.
Araneus helvolus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 296.
Araneus sargi Petrunkevitch, 1911: 314.
Metazygia helvola Levi, 1991a: 179 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 304, f. 566-577 (Tf from Araneus, S).
A. a. Levi, 1993a: 236, f. 28 (Sm).

f albovittata (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014431]
Neosconella a. Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 214, f. 20 (Df, preoccupied in Araneus by Westring, 1851).
Araneus melloi Brignoli, 1983c: 263 (replacement name).
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 303, f. 560-563 (Tf from Araneus, S).

mf angeloi Álvares, Loyola & De Maria, 2005....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040005]
A. a. Álvares, Loyola & De Maria, 2005: 55, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

f apa Levi, 1991....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014432]
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 302, f. 557-559 (Df).

mf armida (Audouin, 1826)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014433]
Epeira a. Audouin, 1826: 337, pl. 2, f. 8 (Df).
Epeira hirsuta Hahn, 1831a: 13, f. 9 (Df).
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 52 (Dm).
Miranda exornata C. L. Koch, 1844: 156, f. 952 (Df).
Miranda hirsuta C. L. Koch, 1847: 75, f. 1550 (f).
Epeira victoria Thorell, 1870a: 25 (Df).
Epeira a. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 331, pl. 12, f. 17 (f).
Araneus a. canescens Simon, 1908a: 432 (Df).
Araneus a. Simon, 1929: 691, 761, f. 1067-1068 (mf).
Aranea a. Drensky, 1943: 244, f. 19 (f, S).
Araneus victoria Azheganova, 1968: 80, f. 154, 172 (mf).
Araneus armidus Brignoli, 1968d: 90, f. 1-3 (mf).
Araneus victoria Miller, 1971: 209, pl. XXXIX, f. 15-16 (f).
Araneus victoria Loksa, 1972: 95, f. 87E-F (mf).
A. a. Levi, 1977b: 236, f. 208-217 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus victoria Zhang, 1987: 73, f. 56.1-2 (f).
Araneus victoria Mcheidze, 1997: 270, f. 599-600 (mf).
A. a. Levy, 1998a: 329, f. 68-79 (mf, S).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 131J, 145G (f).

f armida orientalis (Kulczyn'ski, 1901)....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014434]
Epeira victoria o. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 330, pl. 12, f. 16 (Df).
Araneus victoria o. Zhang, 1987: 74, f. 57.1-2 (f).
A. a. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 131K, 145H (f).

mf armida pumila (Simon, 1929)....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014435]
Araneus a. pumilus Simon, 1929: 691, 762 (Dmf).

f azul Levi, 1991....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014436]
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 306, f. 589-591 (Df).

f busu Levi, 1991....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014437]
A. b. Levi, 1991a: 308, f. 596-599 (Df).

mf carbonaria (L. Koch, 1869)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014438]
Epeira c. L. Koch, 1869: 58 (Dm).
Epeira c. Simon, 1874a: 92 (Df).
Epeira c. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 332, pl. 12, f. 18-19 (mf).
Araneus carbonarius Lessert, 1910b: 326, f. 177-178 (mf).
Araneus carbonarius Simon, 1929: 690, 761, f. 1066 (mf).
Aranea c. Drensky, 1943: 244, f. 19 (f).
A. c. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 75 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. c. Levi, 1977b: 234, f. 198-207 (mf).
Araneus victoria Hu & Li, 1987a: 327, f. 9.1-4, 10.1-2 (mf, misidentified).
A. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 70, f. 160 (mf).
A. c. Thaler, 1991b: 50, f. 19, 22 (m).
A. c. Hu, 2001: 435, f. 280.1-7 (mf).
A. c. Kunt, Yagmur & Tezcan, 2008: 57, f. 2A-B (f).

f carbonaria fulva (Franganillo, 1913)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014439]
Epeira c. f. Franganillo, 1913: 128 (Df).

mf carbonaria sinensis (Schenkel, 1953)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014440]
Araneus carbonarius s. Schenkel, 1953b: 49, f. 23a-c (Dmf).
A. c. s. Brignoli, 1983c: 255.
A. c. s. Hu & Wu, 1989: 81, f. 60.1-9 (mf).
A. c. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 103, f. 30a-i (mf).
A. c. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 131L-N, 132F-G, 145I (mf).
A. c. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 181, f. 106A-F (mf).

mf carbonarioides (Keyserling, 1892)....................USA, Canada, Alaska, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014441]
Epeira carbonaria Emerton, 1884: 315, pl. 33, f. 18, pl. 36, f. 18-19 (mf, misidentified).
Epeira c. Keyserling, 1892: 206, pl. 10, f. 152 (Df).
Epeira c. McCook, 1894: 158, pl. 5, f. 9 (f, Dm).
Epeira carbonaria Emerton, 1894: 405, pl. 1, f. 4b, d (mf, misidentified).
Araneus hyperboreus Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 45, pl. 2, f. 58 (Df).
Aranea charitonovi Ermolajev, 1928a: 209, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
Araneus vegae Holm, 1970: 198, f. 25-27, 29-31 (Dmf).
A. charitonovi Levi, 1977b: 230 (Tf from Araneus).
A. hyperborea Levi, 1977b: 230 (Tf from Araneus).
A. c. Levi, 1977b: 230, f. 162-173, 182-186 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. carbonoides Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 58 (m).
A. c. Marusik, Tarabaev & Litovchenko, 1991: 15 (S).
A. carbonoides Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 374, f. 12 (m).
A. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 42, f. 254-256 (mf).
A. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 179, f. 387-394 (mf).

mf ceropegia (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014442]
Aranea c. Walckenaer, 1802: 199 (Df).
Epeira c. Walckenaer, 1805: 33.
Epeira sclopetaria Hahn, 1833a: 4, f. 131 (mf, misidentified).
Miranda c. C. L. Koch, 1838: 51, f. 370 (f, Dm).
Epeira c. Blackwall, 1864a: 347, pl. 25, f. 250 (mf).
Miranda c. Menge, 1866: 72, pl. 11, f. 17 (mf).
Epeira c. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 132, pl. 5, f. 19 (mf).
Epeira c. Bösenberg, 1901: 32, pl. 2, f. 16 (mf).
Epeira c. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 332, pl. 12, f. 20 (m).
Araneus ceropegius Lessert, 1910b: 324.
Araneus c. Simon, 1929: 688, 761, f. 1064, 1065 (mf).
Aranea c. Wiehle, 1931: 100, f. 151-155 (mf).
Aranea c. Drensky, 1943: 244, f. 19 (mf).
Araneus ceropegius Locket & Millidge, 1953: 138, f. 91A-C (mf).
Aranea c. Zamaraev, 1964: 356, f. 51-52 (f).
Araneus vachoni Karol, 1964: 188, f. 1-2 (Df).
Araneus ceropegius Tyschchenko, 1971: 196, f. 585 (f).
Araneus ceropegius Loksa, 1972: 94, f. 86, 87A-D (mf).
Araneus ceropegius Bakhvalov, 1974: 109, f. 39-42 (mf).
Araneus ceropegius Palmgren, 1974a: 30, f. 12l-o (mf).
A. c. Punda, 1975b: 30, f. 34-36 (mf).
A. c. Levi, 1977b: 234, f. 175, 187-197 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 70, f. 159 (mf).
A. c. Thaler, 1991b: 50, f. 18, 21 (m).
A. c. Roberts, 1995: 324, f. (mf).
Araneus ceropegius Mcheidze, 1997: 269, f. 597-598 (f).
A. c. Roberts, 1998: 337, f. (mf).
A. c. Blick & Nentwig, 2003: 38, f. 5-8 (f).
A. c. Almquist, 2005: 133, f. 146a-h (mf).

f escazu Levi, 1991....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014443]
A. e. Levi, 1991a: 306, f. 585-588 (Df).

f gravabilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Honduras to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014444]
Epeira g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 33, pl. 5, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira g. Keyserling, 1892: 122, pl. 6, f. 90 (f).
Araneus g. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 295.
A. g. Levi, 1991a: 304, f. 578-584 (Tf from Araneus).

mf lapponica (Holm, 1945)....................Sweden, Finland, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014969]
Aranea l. Holm, 1945b: 61, f. 20a-b (Df).
Araneus lapponicus Palmgren, 1974a: 30, f. 12p-t (f, Dm).
Araneus lapponicus Brignoli, 1983c: 257.
A. l. Blick & Nentwig, 2003: 39, f. 1, 3 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. l. Almquist, 2005: 133, f. 147a-c (f).

mf luosangensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014445]
Araneus ceropegius Hu & Li, 1987b: 262, f. 9.1-5 (mf, misidentified).
A. l. Yin et al., 1990: 10, f. 17-26 (Dmf).
A. l. Yin et al., 1997d: 104, f. 31a-j (mf).
A. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 131O-Q, 132H-I, 145J (mf).
A. l. Hu, 2001: 436, f. 281.1-8 (mf).

f machu Levi, 1991....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014446]
A. m. Levi, 1991a: 302, f. 553-556 (Df).

mf matsudae Tanikawa, 1994....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014447]
A. m. Tanikawa, 1994c: 180, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 74, f. 209, 631-632 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 450, f. 210-211 (mf).

mf morenoae Rubio, Izquierdo & Piacentini, 2013....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045725]
A. m. Rubio, Izquierdo & Piacentini, 2013: 549, f. 1-30 (Dmf).

mf packardi (Thorell, 1875) *....................North America, Russia, China, Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014448]
Epeira packardii Thorell, 1875d: 490 (Dm).
Epeira aculeata Emerton, 1877: 528 (Df; preoccupied by Latreille, 1806).
Epeira carbonaria Keyserling, 1892: 204, pl. 9, f. 151 (mf, misidentified).
Epeira carbonaria McCook, 1894: 157, pl. 6, f. 1-2 (mf, misidentified).
Epeira aculeata Emerton, 1894: 405, pl. 1, f. 4 (f, Dm).
Araneus septentrionalis Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 47, pl. 2, f. 57 (Df).
Araneus aculeatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 277.
Araneus septentrionalis Schenkel, 1930b: 24, f. 9a-b (Dm).
A. p. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 75 (removed mf from S of A. carbonaria).
A. verae Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 75, f. 215-216 (Dm).
A. verae Levi & Field, 1954: 448, f. 26, 28 (mf).
A. p. Holm, 1970: 201, f. 28 (m).
A. p. Levi, 1977b: 228, f. 148-161, 174, 176-181 (mf, S).
A. p. Yin et al., 1990: 12, f. 27-34 (mf).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 106, f. 32a-i (mf).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 132A-C, J-K. 145K (mf).
A. p. Hu, 2001: 438, f. 282.1-8 (mf).
A. p. Levi, 2002: 543, f. 130-131, 199 (mf).
A. p. Blick & Nentwig, 2003: 39, f. 2, 4 (f).
A. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 177, f. 378-386 (mf).

mf serpentina Guo & Zhang, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043753]
A. s. Guo & Zhang, 2010: 261, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf taibaishanensis Zhu & Wang, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014449]
Aculeperia t. Zhu & Wang, 1995: 165, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 107, f. 33a-e (mf).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 132D-E, L-M, 145L (mf).

mf talishia (Zawadsky, 1902)....................Turkey, Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014450]
Epeira t. Zawadsky, 1902: 4 (D).
Araneus similis Nosek, 1905b: 131 (Dmf, preoccupied).
Aranea noseki Strand, 1907m: 396 (replacement name for A. similis).
Aranea kariae Roewer, 1942a: 788 (lapsus for A. noseki).
Araneus karabagi Karol, 1965: 111, f. 1-2 (Df).
A. noseki Levi, 1977b: 236, f. 218-225 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
Araneus lencoranicus Bakhvalov, 1983: 93, f. 6 (Df).
A. t. Marusik, 1985b: 137 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. t. Thaler, 1991b: 50, f. 20, 23 (m).

mf travassosi (Soares & Camargo, 1948)....................Mexico to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014451]
Neosconella t. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 377, f. 33-34 (Df).
Neosconella cutucensis Kraus, 1955b: 23, f. 67-69 (Dm).
Araneus cutucensis Brignoli, 1983c: 262.
Araneus t. Brignoli, 1983c: 263.
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 298, f. 543-547 (Tf from Araneus, Sm).
A. t. Levi, 2002: 543, f. 128-129 (f).
A. t. Dierkens, 2012a: 24, f. 1, 33 (f).

f visite Levi, 1991....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014452]
Parawixia darlingtoni Bryant, 1945a: 382, f. 21 (f only, not male holotype).
A. v. Levi, 1991a: 307, f. 592-595 (Df).

mf vittata (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014453]
Metepeira v. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948: 17, f. 26-27 (Df).
A. v. Levi, 1991a: 300, f. 548-552 (Tf from Metepeira, Dm).