The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Alpaida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01436]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Araneus Clerck, 1757 and considered a senior synonym of Parepeira Mello-Leitão, 1933 (contra Archer, 1951a: 42, who considered that name a junior synonym of Cercidia by transfer of type species), Subaraneus Caporiacco, 1948a: 661, type Araneus veniliae (Keyserling, 1865), Lariniacantha Archer, 1951a: 15, type Araneus grayi (Blackwall, 1863) and Subedricus Caporiacco, 1954: 84, type Araneus nigropustulatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1893) by Levi, 1976: 388, and of Pickardiana Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 192, type Edricus truncatus (Keyserling, 1865) by Levi, 1988: 472 (by transfer of type species, contra Archer, 1951a: 20, who considered that name a junior synonym of Verrucosa).

Transferred to other genera:
A. calix (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Metazygia.
A. duodecimguttata (Keyserling, 1879) -- see Spilasma.
A. erythromela (Holmberg, 1876) -- see Mecynogea.
A. mammifera (Tullgren, 1902) -- see Molinaranea.
A. maura (Hentz, 1847) -- see Metazygia.
A. montecarlo Levi, 1988 -- see Larinia.
A. riscoi (Archer, 1971) -- see Rubrepeira.
A. rubronigra (Mello-Leitão, 1939) -- see Rubrepeira.

In synonymy:
A. aestimabilis (Keyserling, 1892, T from Araneus) = A. championi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1988: 454).
A. albonotata (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Epeiroides) = A. truncata (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 472).
A. albostriata (Keyserling, 1865) = A. leucogramma (White, 1841) (Levi, 1988: 391).
A. albostriata columbiana (Strand, 1915) = A. leucogramma (White, 1841) (Levi, 1988: 391).
A. albotaeniata (Mello-Leitão, 1942, T from Wixia) = A. rubellula (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 395).
A. borellii (Simon, 1897, T from Araneus) = A. veniliae (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 402).
A. carteri (Badcock, 1932, T from Araneus) = A. alticeps (Keyserling, 1879) (Levi, 1988: 415).
A. citrinella (Roewer, 1942, T from Metepeira) = A. citrina (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 418).
A. coniformis (Roewer, 1942, T from Araneus) = A. conica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1988: 462).
A. deliciosa (Keyserling, 1893, T from Araneus) = A. carminea (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 406).
A. designata (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936, T from Araneus) = A. bicornuta (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 387).
A. ensifera (Caporiacco, 1947, T from Edricus) = A. truncata (Keyserling, 1865) (Caporiacco, 1954: 85, sub Subedricus nigropustulatus).
A. fissifasciata (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Wixia) = A. bicornuta (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 387).
A. inexplicabilis (Badcock, 1932, T from Araneus) = A. rubellula (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 395).
A. multipunctata (Simon, 1895, T from Araneus, a nomen nudum that was erroneously listed by Roewer as valid) = A. tabula (Simon, 1895) (Levi, 1988: 404).
A. mutata (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936, T from Araneus) = A. truncata (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 472).
A. nigropunctata (Mello-Leitão, 1941, T from Wixia) = A. rubellula (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 395).
A. nigropunctatula (Roewer, 1942, T from Araneus) = A. calotypa (Chamberlin, 1916) (Levi, 1988: 461).
A. nigropustulata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1893) = A. truncata (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 472).
A. ocellifera (Mello-Leitão, 1945) = A. quadrilorata (Simon, 1897) (Levi, 1988: 467).
A. octomaculata (Mello-Leitão, 1945) = A. quadrilorata (Simon, 1897) (Levi, 1988: 467).
A. pantherina (Taczanowski, 1873, T from Araneus) = A. veniliae (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 402).
A. rhodomelas (Taczanowski, 1878, T from Araneus) = A. acuta (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 450).
A. roemeri (Strand, 1908) = A. navicula (L. Koch, 1871) (Framenau, Scharff & Levi, 2009: 25).
A. spinigera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Wixia) = A. bicornuta (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 387).
A. taczanowskii (Simon, 1897, T from Araneus) = A. delicata (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 458).
A. trisignata (Roewer, 1942, T from Araneus) = A. trilineata (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 445).
A. unguiformis (Keyserling, 1893, T from Metazygia) = A. veniliae (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 402).
A. wiedenmeyeri (Schenkel, 1953, T from Metepeira) = A. veniliae (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 402).

mf acuta (Keyserling, 1865)....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014480]
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1865: 816, pl. 18, f. 13-14 (Df).
Epeira rhodomelas Taczanowski, 1878b: 147, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1893: 228, pl. 11, f. 169 (f).
Araneus acutus Simon, 1897e: 2.
Araneus rhodomelas Petrunkevitch, 1911: 312.
Wixia a. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 261 (Tf from Araneus).
A. a. Levi, 1988: 450, f. 421-426 (Tf from Wixia, Dm, S).
A. a. Levi, 2002: 545, f. 175-177 (f).

mf albocincta (Mello-Leitão, 1945)....................Venezuela to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014481]
Epeirella a. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 236 (Dj from Argentina; N.B.: Brignoli's 1983c: 268 reference to E. albocincta Mello-Leitão, 1948: 169, m from Guyana, appears to be a lapsus for this taxon).
A. a. Levi, 1988: 466, f. 525-529 (Tj from Epeirella=Eriophora, Dmf).

mf almada Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014482]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 482, f. 635-639 (Dmf).
A. a. Levi, 2002: 547, f. 189-190 (m).

mf alticeps (Keyserling, 1879)....................Brazil, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014483]
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1879: 311, pl. 4, f. 13 (Df).
Epeira undulata Bertkau, 1880a: 89, pl. 2, f. 32 (Df).
Epeira göldii Karsch, 1886b: 92, pl. 3, f. 9 (Dmf).
Araneus a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 278.
Araneus carteri Badcock, 1932: 25, f. 17 (Dmf).
Verrucosa a. Roewer, 1942a: 879.
A. a. Levi, 1976: 358 (Tmf from Verrucosa).
A. a. Levi, 1988: 415, f. 182-187 (mf, S).

f alto Levi, 1988....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014484]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 434, f. 320-323 (Df).

mf alvarengai Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014485]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 407, f. 128-133 (Dmf).

f amambay Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014486]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 429, f. 274-277 (Df).

mf anchicaya Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014487]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 474, f. 587-592 (Dmf).

f angra Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014488]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 468, f. 537-540 (Df).

mf antonio Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014489]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 446, f. 392-397 (Dmf).
A. a. Dierkens, 2014b: 15, f. 1, 38 (f).

mf arvoredo Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044647]
A. hoffmanni Levi, 1988: 400, f. 95-96 (m, misidentified).
A. a. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 263, f. 3-7 (Dmf).

f atomaria (Simon, 1895)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014490]
Salassina a. Simon, 1895a: 781 (Df).
Edricus atomarius Petrunkevitch, 1911: 337.
A. a. Levi, 1988: 458, f. 479-482 (Tf from Edricus).

mf banos Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014491]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 428, f. 261-266 (Dmf).
A. b. Dierkens, 2014b: 15, f. 2, 27 (m).

f biasii Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014492]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 422, f. 231-233 (Df).

mf bicornuta (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Costa Rica to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014493]
Epeira b. Taczanowski, 1878b: 168, pl. 2, f. 18 (Dmf).
Epeira spinigera O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 43, pl. 5, f. 9-10 (Df).
Epeira spinigera Keyserling, 1892: 131, pl. 7, f. 97 (f).
Epeira spinigera McCook, 1894: 191, pl. 14, f. 3-4 (f).
Araneus bicornutus Simon, 1895a: 818.
Aranea spinigera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 515, pl. 49, f. 16 (f).
Araneus spiniger Petrunkevitch, 1911: 317.
Araneus designatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 51, pl. 14, f. 126-127 (Df).
Wixia fissifasciata Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 244, f. 27 (Df).
Wixia spinigera Caporiacco, 1948a: 654 (Tf from Araneus).
A. b. Levi, 1988: 387, f. 9, 11-18 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. b. Dierkens, 2014b: 16, f. 3-4, 28, 39 (mf).

mf bischoffi Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014494]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 424, f. 234-238 (Dmf).

m boa Levi, 1988....................Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014495]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 447, f. 408-409 (Dm).
A. b. Dierkens, 2014b: 16, f. 5, 29 (m).

m boraceia Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014496]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 436, f. 328-329 (Dm).

m cachimbo Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014497]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 400, f. 90-91 (Dm).

mf cali Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014498]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 477, f. 611-616 (Dmf).

mf calotypa (Chamberlin, 1916)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014499]
Araneus c. Chamberlin, 1916: 256, pl. 19, f. 4 (Dmf).
Epeira nigropunctata Taczanowski, 1878b: 167, pl. 2, f. 17 (Dmf; preoccupied by L. Koch, 1871).
Araneus nigropunctatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Aranea nigropunctatula Roewer, 1942a: 848 (replacement name for Epeira nigropunctata).
A. c. Levi, 1988: 461, f. 501-505 (Tmf from Araneus, S).

f canela Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014500]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 421, f. 216-218 (Df).

mf canoa Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014501]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 439, f. 348-353 (Dmf).

mf caramba Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044648]
A. c. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 263, f. 8-12 (Dmf).

mf carminea (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014502]
Epeira c. Taczanowski, 1878b: 163, pl. 2, f. 14 (Df).
Epeira deliciosa Keyserling, 1893: 234, pl. 11, f. 274 (Dmf).
Araneus deliciosus Simon, 1897e: 2.
Araneus carmineus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 284.
Parepeira c. Mello-Leitão, 1942a: 429, f. 1 (Tf from Araneus).
A. c. Levi, 1988: 406, f. 122-127 (f, Sm).

m caxias Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014503]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 439, f. 346-347 (Dm).

f chaco Levi, 1988....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014504]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 408, f. 140-142 (Df).

mf championi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala to Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014505]
Epeira c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 42, pl. 5, f. 12-13 (Dmf).
Epeira aestimabilis Keyserling, 1892: 181, pl. 9, f. 133 (Df).
Aranea c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 517, pl. 50, f. 1-2 (mf).
Araneus aestimabilis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 277.
Araneus c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 285.
A. c. Levi, 1988: 454, f. 446-451 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. c. Levi, 2002: 545, f. 182-184 (f).

f chapada Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014506]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 402, f. 97-100 (Df).

mf chickeringi Levi, 1988....................Panama to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014507]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 480, f. 628-634 (Dmf).

f cisneros Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014508]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 476, f. 599-602 (Df).

mf citrina (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014509]
Epeira citrina Keyserling, 1892: 88, pl. 4, f. 66 (Df).
Araneus citrinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 285.
Aranea citrinella Roewer, 1942a: 839 (superfluous replacement name for Epeira citrina Keyserling, preoccupied in Araneus by Fourcroy, 1785).
Metepeira c. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 187 (Tf from Araneus).
A. c. Levi, 1988: 418, f. 204-206 (Tf from Metepeira, S).
A. c. Rodrigues & Mendonça, 2011: 61, f. 1-4 (Dm).

mf conica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 *....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014510]
A. conica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 53, pl. 4, f. 3 (Df).
A. conica Keyserling, 1893: 281, pl. 14, f. 207 (f).
Aranea conica F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 519.
Araneus conicus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 286.
Aranea coniformis Roewer, 1942a: 839 (superfluous replacement name for A. conica, preoccupied in Araneus by Pallas, 1772).
A. c. Levi, 1988: 462, f. 506-511 (Tf from Araneus, Dm, S).

m constant Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014511]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 402, f. 101-102 (Dm).

mf coroico Levi, 1988....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014512]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 392, f. 39-43 (Dmf).

f costai Levi, 1988....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014513]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 464, f. 515-518 (Df).

f cuiaba Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014514]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 399, f. 86-89 (Df).

f cuyabeno Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014515]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 428, f. 267-270 (Df).

mf darlingtoni Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014516]
A. d. Levi, 1988: 468, f. 541-546 (Dmf).

f deborae Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Suriname, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014517]
A. d. Levi, 1988: 442, f. 364-366 (Df).
A. d. Dierkens, 2014b: 16, f. 6, 40 (f).

mf delicata (Keyserling, 1892)....................Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014518]
Epeira d. Keyserling, 1892: 183, pl. 9, f. 135 (Dmf).
Araneus taczanowskii Simon, 1897b: 473 (Df).
Araneus delicatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 288.
A. d. Levi, 1988: 458, f. 472-478 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. d. Dierkens, 2014b: 17, f. 7-8, 30, 41 (mf).

mf dominica Levi, 1988....................Lesser Antilles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014519]
A. d. Levi, 1988: 410, f. 147-153 (Dmf).

f eberhardi Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014520]
A. e. Levi, 1988: 470, f. 555-558 (Df).

f elegantula (Archer, 1965)....................Martinique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014521]
Lariniacantha e. Archer, 1965b: 132, f. 8-9 (Df).
A. e. Brignoli, 1983c: 256.
A. e. Levi, 1988: 410, f. 143-146 (f).

f ericae Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014522]
A. e. Levi, 1988: 460, f. 486-490 (Df).

f erythrothorax (Taczanowski, 1873)....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014523]
Singa e. Taczanowski, 1873: 126 (Dmf).
Araneus e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 291.
A. e. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tmf from Singa).
A. e. Levi, 1988: 444, f. 376-378 (f; m of Taczanowski = A. leucogramma).

mf gallardoi Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014524]
A. g. Levi, 1988: 432, f. 300-305 (Dmf).

f gracia Levi, 1988....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014525]
A. g. Levi, 1988: 464, f. 512-514 (Df).

mf graphica (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014526]
Epeira g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 22, pl. 7, f. 16 (Dm).
Epeira g. Keyserling, 1892: 121, pl. 6, f. 89 (m).
Aranea g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 518, pl. 51, f. 2 (m).
Araneus graphicus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 294.
Metazygia g. Caporiacco, 1948a: 661 (Tm from Araneus, Df).
A. g. Levi, 1988: 453, f. 435-439 (Tmf from Metazygia).

mf grayi (Blackwall, 1863)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014527]
Epeira grayii Blackwall, 1863a: 34 (Dmf).
Epeira veles Keyserling, 1879: 310, pl. 4, f. 12 (Df).
Araneus g. Simon, 1897e: 1.
Wixia g. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 251 (Tmf from Araneus).
Lariniacantha g. Archer, 1951a: 15, f. 38-40 (Tmf from Wixia).
A. g. Levi, 1976: 388.
A. g. Levi, 1988: 394, f. 10, 44-49 (mf).
A. g. Levi, 2002: 557, f. 291-292 (m).

mf guimaraes Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014528]
A. g. Levi, 1988: 390, f. 19-24 (Dmf).

m gurupi Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014529]
A. g. Levi, 1988: 429, f. 278-279 (Dm).

mf guto Abrahim & Bonaldo, 2008....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042274]
A. g. Abrahim & Bonaldo, 2008: 398, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

f haligera (Archer, 1971)....................Peru, Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014530]
Lariniacantha h. Archer, 1971: 159, f. 5 (Df).
A. h. Brignoli, 1983c: 256.
A. h. Levi, 1988: 426, f. 257-260 (f).

f hartliebi Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014531]
A. h. Levi, 1988: 430, f. 294-297 (Df).

mf hoffmanni Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014532]
A. h. Levi, 1988: 400, f. 92-94 (Df; not m, =A. arvoredo).
A. h. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 262, f. 1-2 (Dm).

f holmbergi Levi, 1988....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014533]
A. h. Levi, 1988: 408, f. 134-137 (Df).

mf iguazu Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014534]
A. i. Levi, 1988: 436, f. 330-335 (Dmf).

f iquitos Levi, 1988....................Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014535]
A. i. Levi, 1988: 416, f. 194-197 (Df).
A. i. Dierkens, 2014b: 17, f. 9, 42 (f).

mf itacolomi Santos & Santos, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042906]
A. i. Santos & Santos, 2010: 62, f. 1-2, 5-7 (Dmf).

f itapua Levi, 1988....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014536]
A. i. Levi, 1988: 433, f. 310-312 (Df).

mf itauba Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014537]
A. i. Levi, 1988: 445, f. 386-391 (Dmf).

m jacaranda Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014538]
A. j. Levi, 1988: 432, f. 298-299 (Dm).

f kartabo Levi, 1988....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014539]
A. k. Levi, 1988: 399, f. 80-83 (Df).

mf keyserlingi Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014540]
A. k. Levi, 1988: 398, f. 69-74 (Dmf).

mf kochalkai Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014541]
A. k. Levi, 1988: 416, f. 191-193 (Df).
A. k. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 264, f. 13-14 (Dm).

m lanei Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014542]
A. l. Levi, 1988: 412, f. 170-171 (Dm).

mf latro (Fabricius, 1775)....................Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014543]
Aranea l. Fabricius, 1775: 412 (D).
Aranea l. Olivier, 1789: 233 (D).
Epeira l. Walckenaer, 1841: 113 (Df).
Miranda l. C. L. Koch, 1844: 158, f. 933 (Dm).
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1878a: 574, pl. 14, f. 3 (f).
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1892: 197, pl. 9, f. 146 (f).
Araneus l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 299.
Drexellia l. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 177 (Tmf from Araneus, lapsus).
Lariniacantha l. Archer, 1951a: 15 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. l. Levi, 1988: 414, f. 175-181 (mf).

mf leucogramma (White, 1841)....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014544]
Epeira (Singa) l. White, 1841: 474 (Df).
Epeira albostriata Keyserling, 1865: 815, pl. 19, f. 27-28 (Df).
Epeira albostriata Keyserling, 1893: 258, pl. 13, f. 193 (f, Dm).
Aranea albostriata Tullgren, 1905: 34, pl. 5, f. 11 (f).
Araneus leucogrammus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 301.
Aranea albostriata columbiana Strand, 1916b: 110 (Df).
Parepeira albostriata Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 41.
Parepeira albostriata Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 321 (S).
Cercidia albostriata Archer, 1951a: 42 (Tmf from Parepeira=Alpaida).
A. l. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tf from Singa).
Lariniacantha albostriata Levi, 1975b: 113 (Tmf from Cercidia).
A. l. Levi, 1988: 391, f. 1-6, 32-38 (f, Sm).
A. l. Levi, 2002: 545, f. 178-181 (f).
A. l. Dierkens, 2014b: 17, f. 10, 31 (m).

mf lomba Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014545]
A. l. Levi, 1988: 421, f. 219-222 (Df).
A. l. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 264, f. 15-16 (Dm).

mf lubinae Levi, 1988....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014546]
A. l. Levi, 1988: 442, f. 367-373 (Dmf).

f machala Levi, 1988....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014547]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 470, f. 559-563 (Df).

f madeira Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014548]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 468, f. 547-550 (Df).

mf manicata Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014549]
Araneus manicatus Simon, 1895a: 822 (nomen nudum).
A. m. Levi, 1988: 420, f. 210-215 (Dmf).

f marmorata (Taczanowski, 1873)....................Ecuador, Peru, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014550]
Singa m. Taczanowski, 1873: 125 (Df).
Araneus m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 301.
A. m. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tf from Singa).
A. m. Levi, 1988: 429, f. 280-288 (f).

mf marta Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014551]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 478, f. 623-627 (Dmf).

f mato Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014552]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 422, f. 228-230 (Df).

mf moata (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Panama, Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014553]
Araneus moatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 47, pl. 14, f. 125 (Df).
A. m. Levi, 1988: 448, f. 415-420 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).

f moka Levi, 1988....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014554]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 426, f. 253-256 (Df).

mf monzon Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014555]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 398, f. 75-79 (Dmf).

f monzon audiberti Dierkens, 2014b....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046664]
A. m. i. Dierkens, 2014b: 17, f. 11-12, 43 (Df).

f morro Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014556]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 412, f. 166-169 (Df).

f muco Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014557]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 466, f. 519-522 (Df).

m murtinho Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014558]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 399, f. 84-85 (Dm).

f nadleri Levi, 1988....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014559]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 474, f. 583-586 (Df).

f nancho Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014560]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 456, f. 468-471 (Df).

f narino Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014561]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 428, f. 271-273 (Df).

m natal Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014562]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 422, f. 226-227 (Dm).

f navicula (L. Koch, 1871)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015049]
Epeira n. L. Koch, 1871: 102, pl. 8, f. 4 (Df).
Aranea roemeri Strand, 1908c: 3 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014575].
A. roemeri Levi, 1988: 469, f. 551-554 (Tf from Araneus).
A. n. Framenau, Scharff & Levi, 2009: 25, f. 3A-B (Tf from Araneus, S).

mf negro Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014563]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 448, f. 410-414 (Dmf).

f nigrofrenata (Simon, 1895)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014564]
Araneus nigrofrenatus Simon, 1895a: 816 (Df).
A. n. Levi, 1988: 421, f. 223-225 (Tf from Araneus).

mf niveosigillata (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014565]
Singa n. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 260, f. 1 (Df).
A. n. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tf from Singa).
A. niveosagillata Levi, 1988: 446, f. 398-403 (f, Dm).

mf nonoai Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014566]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 478, f. 617-622 (Dmf).

mf octolobata Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014567]
A. o. Levi, 1988: 460, f. 483-485 (Df).
A. o. Rodrigues & Mendonça, 2011: 61, f. 5-8 (Dm).

m oliverioi (Soares & Camargo, 1948)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014568]
Cyclosa o. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 369, f. 22 (Dm).
A. o. Levi, 1999: 310 (Tm from Cyclosa; N.B.: both palpi lost).

f orgaos Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014569]
A. o. Levi, 1988: 424, f. 239-242 (Df).

f oyapockensis Dierkens, 2014b....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046665]
A. o. Dierkens, 2014b: 19, f. 13-14, 44 (Df).

mf pedro Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014570]
A. p. Levi, 1988: 425, f. 246-252 (Dmf).

f picchu Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014571]
A. p. Levi, 1988: 433, f. 313-316 (Df).

mf quadrilorata (Simon, 1897)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014572]
Araneus quadriloratus Simon, 1897e: 5 (Df).
Cercidia octomaculata Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 236, f. 10 (Df).
Parepeira ocellifera Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 241, f. 19 (Dm).
A. octomaculata Levi, 1975b: 113 (Tf from Cercidia).
A. ocellifera Brignoli, 1983c: 256.
A. q. Levi, 1988: 467, f. 530-536 (Tf from Araneus, Sm).

mf queremal Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014573]
A. q. Levi, 1988: 470, f. 564-569 (Dmf).

mf rioja Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014574]
A. r. Levi, 1988: 406, f. 116-121 (Dmf).

mf rosa Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014576]
A. r. Levi, 1988: 461, f. 495-500 (Dmf).

f rossi Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014577]
A. r. Levi, 1988: 447, f. 404-407 (Df).

mf rostratula (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014578]
Epeira r. Keyserling, 1892: 82, pl. 4, f. 62 (Dm).
Araneus rostratulus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
Wixia r. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 196 (Tm from Araneus).
A. r. Levi, 1988: 394, f. 50-56 (Tm from Wixia, Df).

mf rubellula (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014579]
Epeira r. Keyserling, 1892: 81, pl. 4, f. 61 (Df).
Araneus rubellulus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
Araneus inexplicabilis Badcock, 1932: 23, f. 16 (Df).
Wixia nigropunctata Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 214, f. 21-22 (Df).
Wixia albotaeniata Mello-Leitão, 1942b: 403, f. 25-26 (Df).
Wixia r. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 196 (Tf from Araneus).
A. r. Levi, 1988: 395, f. 57-62 (Tf from Wixia, Dm, S).

f sandrei (Simon, 1895)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014580]
Araneus s. Simon, 1895a: 816 (Df).
A. s. Levi, 1988: 420, f. 207-209 (Tf from Araneus).

m santosi Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014581]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 408, f. 138-139 (Dm).

m schneblei Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014582]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 477, f. 603-604 (Dm).

mf scriba (Mello-Leitão, 1940)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014583]
Drexelia s. Mello-Leitão, 1940d: 203 (Df).
A. s. Levi, 1988: 416, f. 188-190 (Tf from Drexelia=Larinia).
A. s. Buckup & Meyer, 1993: 353, f. 1-3 (Dm).

mf septemmammata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014584]
Epeira septem-mammata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 42, pl. 7, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira s. Keyserling, 1892: 89, pl. 4, f. 67 (f).
Aranea s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 514, pl. 49, f. 15 (f).
Araneus septemmammatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 315.
A. s. Levi, 1988: 452, f. 427-434 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).
A. s. Dierkens, 2014b: 21, f. 15, 32 (m).

f sevilla Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014585]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 434, f. 317-319 (Df).

mf silencio Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014586]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 477, f. 605-610 (Dmf).

mf simla Levi, 1988....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014587]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 430, f. 289-293 (Dmf).

f sobradinho Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014588]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 433, f. 306-309 (Df).

f sulphurea (Taczanowski, 1873)....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014589]
Nephila s. Taczanowski, 1873: 148 (Df).
A. s. Levi, 1988: 482, f. 640-643 (removed f from S of Nephila clavipes cornuta).

f sumare Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014590]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 425, f. 243-245 (Df).

mf tabula (Simon, 1895)....................Guyana to Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014591]
Araneus t. Simon, 1895a: 815, f. 867 (Df).
Araneus multipunctatus Simon, 1895a: 815 (nomen nudum).
Wixia t. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 261 (Tf from Araneus).
A. t. Levi, 1988: 404, f. 110-115 (Tf from Wixia, Dm, S).
A. t. Dierkens, 2014b: 21, f. 16, 45 (f).

mf tayos Levi, 1988....................Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014592]
A. t. Levi, 1988: 456, f. 458-467 (Dmf).
A. t. Dierkens, 2014b: 21, f. 17-18, 33, 46 (mf).

mf teresinha Braga-Pereira & Santos, 2013....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046223]
A. t. Braga-Pereira & Santos, 2013: 325, f. 1-2, 5-7 (Dmf).

f thaxteri Levi, 1988....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014593]
A. t. Levi, 1988: 436, f. 324-327 (Df).

mf tijuca Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014594]
A. t. Levi, 1988: 438, f. 336-341 (Dmf).

mf toninho Braga-Pereira & Santos, 2013....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046224]
A. t. Braga-Pereira & Santos, 2013: 325, f. 3-4, 8-16 (Dmf).

mf tonze Santos & Santos, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042907]
A. t. Santos & Santos, 2010: 64, f. 3-4, 8-10 (Dmf).

mf trilineata (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014595]
Epeira trilineata Taczanowski, 1878b: 162, pl. 2, f. 13 (Dmf; preoccupied by Linnaeus, 1767 sub Aranea).
Araneus trilineatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 320.
Aranea trisignata Roewer, 1942a: 854 (replacement name for Epeira trilineata).
A. t. Levi, 1988: 445, f. 381-385 (Tmf from Araneus, S).

mf trispinosa (Keyserling, 1892)....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014596]
Epeira grayi Keyserling, 1865: 809, pl. 18, f. 9-10 (f, misidentified).
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1892: 78, pl. 4, f. 59 (Dmf).
Epeira grayi Keyserling, 1892: 79, pl. 4, f. 60 (f, misidentified).
Araneus trispinosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 320.
Wixia t. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 196 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. t. Levi, 1988: 396, f. 63-68 (Tmf from Wixia).
A. t. Levi, 2002: 538, f. 72-74 (f).

mf truncata (Keyserling, 1865)....................Mexico to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014597]
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1865: 807, pl. 19, f. 21-22 (Df).
Epeira elegantissima Taczanowski, 1878b: 170, pl. 2, f. 19 (Df).
Epeira cylindrica Taczanowski, 1878b: 171, pl. 2, f. 20-21 (Dmf).
Epeira nigropustulata O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 111, pl. 15, f. 5 (Dj)
Araneus truncatus Simon, 1895a: 811.
Aranea nigropustulata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 516, pl. 49, f. 22 (j).
Araneus nigropustulatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Edricus truncatus Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 36.
Araneus mutatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 46, pl. 14, f. 128-129 (Df).
Pickardiana t. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 192 (Tmf from Edricus).
Epeiroides albonotatus Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 237 (Df).
Edricus ensifer Caporiacco, 1947a: 25 (Dm).
Edricus ensifer Caporiacco, 1948a: 658, f. 66 (m).
Subaraneus nigropustulatus Caporiacco, 1948a: 662 (Tj from Araneus, Df).
Edricus t. Schenkel, 1953a: 23, f. 21a-c (m).
Subedricus nigropustulatus Caporiacco, 1954: 85 (Tf from Subaraneus, Sm).
A. nigropustulata Levi, 1976: 388.
A. t. Levi, 1988: 472, f. 570-578 (mf, S).
A. t. Levi, 2002: 538, f. 75-77, 260-261 (mf).
A. t. Dierkens, 2014b: 22, f. 19-20, 34, 47 (mf).

f truncata obscura (Caporiacco, 1948)....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014598]
Subaraneus nigropustulatus obscurus Caporiacco, 1948a: 662 (Df).
Subedricus nigropustulatus obscurus Caporiacco, 1954: 85 (Tf from Subaraneus).
A. nigropustulata o. Brignoli, 1983c: 256.

f truncata sexmaculata (Caporiacco, 1948)....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014599]
Subaraneus nigropustulatus sexmaculatus Caporiacco, 1948a: 662 (Df).
Subedricus nigropustulatus sexmaculatus Caporiacco, 1954: 85 (Tf from Subaraneus).
A. nigropustulata s. Brignoli, 1983c: 256.

m tullgreni (Caporiacco, 1955)....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014600]
Parawixia t. Caporiacco, 1955: 348, f. 31a-c (Dm).
A. t. Levi, 1992b: 8 (Tm from Parawixia).
A. t. Levi, 1993a: 234, f. 26-27 (m).

mf tuonabo (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014601]
Araneus t. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 50, pl. 14, f. 130 (Df).
A. t. Levi, 1988: 474, f. 593-598 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).

mf urucuca Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014602]
A. u. Levi, 1988: 454, f. 440-445 (Dmf).

mf utcuyacu Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014603]
A. u. Levi, 1988: 390, f. 25-31 (Dmf).

m utiariti Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014604]
A. u. Levi, 1988: 466, f. 523-524 (Dm).

mf vanzolinii Levi, 1988....................Peru, Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014605]
A. v. Levi, 1988: 411, f. 160-165 (Dmf).

mf variabilis (Keyserling, 1864)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014606]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1864: 126, pl. 6, f. 1-4 (Df).
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1893: 249, pl. 12, f. 185 (f, Dm).
Araneus v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 322.
Neoscona v. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 257 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. v. Levi, 1988: 418, f. 198-203 (Tmf from Neoscona).

mf veniliae (Keyserling, 1865)....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014607]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1865: 817, pl. 19, f. 23-24 (Dmf).
Epeira pantherina Taczanowski, 1873: 132 (Dmf).
Epeira unguiformis Keyserling, 1893: 237, pl. 11, f. 177 (Df).
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1893: 256, pl. 13, f. 191 (mf).
Araneus borellii Simon, 1897e: 6 (Df).
Aranea v. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 516, pl. 49, f. 23-24 (mf).
Aranea borelli Tullgren, 1905: 32, pl. 4, f. 10 (f, Dm).
Araneus pantherinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 308.
Araneus unguiformis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 322.
Araneus v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323.
Neoscona borelli Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 40.
Metazygia unguiformis Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 187 (Tf from Araneus).
Subaraneus v. Caporiacco, 1948a: 661 (Tmf from Araneus).
Lariniacantha v. Archer, 1951a: 15 (Tmf from Subaraneus).
Metepeira wiedenmeyeri Schenkel, 1953a: 22, f. 20 (Dm).
A. v. Levi, 1976: 388.
A. v. Levi, 1988: 402, f. 103-109 (mf, S).
A. v. Dierkens, 2014b: 22, f. 21-22, 35, 48 (mf).

m vera Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014608]
A. v. Levi, 1988: 444, f. 379-380 (Dm).

mf versicolor (Keyserling, 1877)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014609]
Cercidia v. Keyserling, 1877b: 86, pl. 3, f. 2 (Df).
Cercidia v. Keyserling, 1892: 38, pl. 2, f. 33 (f, Dm).
Araneus v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 324.
A. v. Levi, 1988: 411, f. 154-159 (Tmf from Cercidia).

f wenzeli (Simon, 1897)....................St. Vincent [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014610]
Araneus w. Simon, 1897d: 874 (Df).
A. w. Levi, 1988: 438, f. 342-345 (Tf from Araneus).

f weyrauchi Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014611]
A. w. Levi, 1988: 440, f. 360-363 (Df).

mf xavantina Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014612]
A. x. Levi, 1988: 455, f. 452-457 (Dmf).

f yotoco Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014613]
A. y. Levi, 1988: 473, f. 579-582 (Df).

f yucuma Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014614]
A. y. Levi, 1988: 460, f. 491-494 (Df).

m yungas Levi, 1988....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014615]
A. y. Levi, 1988: 444, f. 374-375 (Dm).

mf yuto Levi, 1988....................Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014616]
A. y. Levi, 1988: 440, f. 354-359 (Dmf).