The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: SALTICIDAE

Gen. Bianor Peckham & Peckham, 1886 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02854]

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Modunda Simon, 1901 and Napoca Simon, 1901 (Logunov, 2001a: 276, 280), contra Prószyn'ski, 1990: 223.

Transferred to other genera:
B. aemulus (Gertsch, 1934) -- see Sibianor.
B. aeneiceps (Simon, 1901) -- see Modunda.
B. aeneus Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Beata.
B. apertus (Peckham & Peckham, 1903) -- see Thyene.
B. aurocinctus (Ohlert, 1865) -- see Sibianor.
B. congener (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) -- see Modunda.
B. bellus (Karsch, 1878) -- see Opisthoncus.
B. fulvipes Mello-Leitão, 1943 -- see Dendryphantes.
B. inexploratus Logunov, 1991 -- see Sibianor.
B. insignis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) -- see Napoca.
B. japonicus Logunov, Ikeda & Ono, 1997 -- see Sibianor.
B. latens Logunov, 1991 -- see Harmochirus.
B. marionis Schmidt & Krause, 1994 -- see Pellenes.
B. phragmitis (Simon, 1901) -- see Modunda.
B. pullus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Sibianor.
B. staintoni (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) -- see Modunda.
B. stepposus Logunov, 1991 -- see Pellenes.

In synonymy:
B. carli Reimoser, 1934 = B. incitatus Thorell, 1890 (Logunov, 2001a: 236).
B. hotingchiehi Schenkel, 1963 = B. angulosus (Karsch, 1879) (Logunov, 2001a: 231).
B. obak Berry, Beatty & Prószyn'ski, 1996 = B. incitatus Thorell, 1890 (Logunov, 2001a: 236).
B. pulchellus Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994 = B. albobimaculatus (Lucas, 1846) (Logunov, 2001a: 225).
B. putus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) = B. albobimaculatus (Lucas, 1846) (Logunov, 2001a: 225, after Prószyn'ski, 1990).
B. rusticulus Peckham & Peckham, 1903 = B. albobimaculatus (Lucas, 1846) (Logunov, 2001a: 225).
B. scutatus Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994 = B. albobimaculatus (Lucas, 1846) (Logunov, 2001a: 225).
B. simoni Zabka, 1985 = B. angulosus (Karsch, 1879) (Logunov, 2001a: 231).
B. trepidans Thorell, 1895 = B. angulosus (Karsch, 1879) (Logunov, 2001a: 231).

Nomen dubium:
B. fimbriatus Mello-Leitão, 1917c: 146 (j, Brazil) -- Logunov, 2001a: 281.

mf albobimaculatus (Lucas, 1846)....................Africa, Mediterranean to Russia, Central Asia, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032517]
Salticus a. Lucas, 1846: 170, pl. 8, f. 10 (Df).
Plexippa albobimaculata Simon, 1864: 326.
Attus parcus Simon, 1868b: 582 (Dmf).
Attus a. Simon, 1871: 223.
Salticus putus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 326 (Dm).
Eris albo-bimaculata Simon, 1876a: 198 (m).
Eris a. Peckham & Peckham, 1895: 178, pl. 16, f. 12 (mf).
Ericulus a. Kulczyn'ski, 1901a: 4.
B. rusticulus Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 215, pl. 24, f. 12 (Df).
B. a. Simon, 1906a: 1173.
Dendryphantes a. Strand, 1909a: 4.
B. putus Reimoser, 1919: 110.
B. a. Simon, 1937: 1218, 1265, f. 1952-1953 (mf).
B. a. Cantarella, 1982a: 56, f. 1-2 (f).
B. a. Wesolowska, 1989b: 265, f. 6-10 (f).
B. a. Hansen, 1991: 16, f. 18 (f).
B. pulchellus Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994: 14, f. 28-30 (Df).
B. scutatus Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994: 16, f. 31-36 (Dm).
B. aurocinctus Metzner, 1999: 119, f. 84a-j (mf, misidentified).
B. a. Logunov, 2001a: 225, f. 3-8, 13-27, 36-46 (mf, S).
B. a. Prószyn'ski, 2002: 226, f. 22-25 (mf).
B. a. Prószyn'ski, 2003: 30, f. 110-111, 113-114, 117-118, 120-121 (mf).
B. a. Trotta, 2005: 173, f. 414-415 (mf).
B. a. Wesolowska & van Harten, 2007: 192, f. 4-6 (m).
B. a. Cosar, 2013: 819, f. 1A-B, 2A-C (f).
B. a. Kaur et al., 2014: 502, pl. 1D-G (f).

mf angulosus (Karsch, 1879)....................Sri Lanka, India to China, Vietnam, Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032518]
Ballus a. Karsch, 1879d: 553 (Df).
B. trepidans Thorell, 1895: 334 (Df).
Simaetha angulosa Simon, 1903a: 838.
B. hotingchiehi Schenkel, 1963: 434, f. 249a-f (Dm).
B. hotingchiehi Yin & Wang, 1979: 27, f. 1A-E (m, Df).
B. hotingchiehi Song, 1980: 209, f. 117a-e (m).
B. hotingchiehi Bohdanowicz & Heciak, 1980: 253, f. 10-19 (m).
B. hotingchiehi Yin & Wang, 1981b: 268, f. 1A-H (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Wang, 1981: 138, f. 79A-C (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Hu, 1984: 354, f. 368.1-5 (mf).
B. simoni Zabka, 1985: 204, f. 30-34 (Dm).
B. hotingchiehi Zabka, 1985: 210, f. 1-15 (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Song, 1987: 286, f. 243 (mf).
B. a. Zabka, 1988: 442, f. 56-58 (Tf from Simaetha).
B. hotingchiehi Feng, 1990: 198, f. 173.1-6 (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Chen & Gao, 1990: 180, f. 229a-c (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Chen & Zhang, 1991: 288, f. 301.1-5, 302.1-6 (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 883, f. 58A-D (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Okuma et al., 1993: 75, f. 65 (f).
B. hotingchiehi Peng et al., 1993: 26, f. 34-42 (mf).
B. hotingchiechi Zhao, 1993: 391, f. 195a-c (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 285, f. 1431-1435 (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 62, f. 27a-e (m).
B. hotingchiehi Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 506, f. 289J, 290A, 324M (mf).
B. hotingchiehi Hu, 2001: 375, f. 233.1-4 (mf).
B. a. Logunov, 2001a: 231, f. 47-74 (f, Sm).
B. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 475, f. 342A-F (mf).
B. a. Yin et al., 2012: 1330, f. 719a-i (mf).

f biguttatus Wesolowska & van Harten, 2002....................Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040966]
B. b. Wesolowska & van Harten, 2002: 370, f. 1-4 (Df).

mf biocellosus Simon, 1902....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032521]
B. b. Simon, 1901a: 638 (nomen nudum).
B. b. Simon, 1902d: 33 (Dmf).
B. b. Galiano, 1963a: 312, pl. X, f. 12, pl. XI, f. 11-13 (mf).
B. b. Logunov, 2001a: 234, f. 75-84 (mf).

mf compactus (Urquhart, 1885)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032523]
Salticus c. Urquhart, 1885: 50, pl. 11, f. 18 (Df).
Ballus c. Urquhart, 1892a: 229.
B. c. Dalmas, 1917a: 419 (Dm).
B. c. Bryant, 1935c: 68, pl. 8, f. 3-4 (m).

f concolor (Keyserling, 1882)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032524]
Ballus c. Keyserling, 1882: 1335, pl. 114, f. 1 (Df).
B. c. Simon, 1901a: 638.

f diversipes Simon, 1901....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032525]
B. d. Simon, 1901k: 73 (Df).

f eximius Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009....................Zimbabwe, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042458]
B. e. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 23, f. 16-19, 211 (Df).
B. e. Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: 77, f. 5-7 (f).

f fasciatus Mello-Leitão, 1922....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032526]
B. f. Mello-Leitão, 1922a: 226 (Df).

f ghigii (Caporiacco, 1949)....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032528]
Modunda g. Caporiacco, 1949a: 484, f. 96 (Df).

f hongkong Song et al., 1997....................Hong Kong [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032529]
B. h. Song et al., 1997: 149, f. 1A-C (Df).
B. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 506, f. 289G-H (f).

mf incitatus Thorell, 1890....................India to China, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Caroline Islands [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036355]
B. i. Thorell, 1890c: 159 (Df).
B. carli Reimoser, 1934b: 506, f. 27 (Df).
Stertinius i. Roewer, 1955c: 1011.
Stichius albomaculatus Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 57 (m, misidentified).
B. maculatus Peng, 1989: 158, f. 1A-C (m, misidentified).
B. maculatus Peng et al., 1993: 29, f. 46-49 (m, misidentified).
B. obak Berry, Beatty & Prószyn'ski, 1996: 220, f. 18-24 (Dmf).
B. maculatus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 506, f. 289K, 324N (m, misidentified).
B. i. Logunov, 2001a: 236, f. 87-104 (Tf from Stertinius, Sm).
B. i. Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2013: 117, f. 21-24 (m).
B. i. Yin et al., 2012: 1332, f. 720a-d (m).

mf kovaczi Logunov, 2001....................Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Botswana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038217]
B. k. Logunov, 2001a: 240, f. 85-86 (Dm).
B. k. Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008: 6, f. 13-20 (m, Df).

mf maculatus (Keyserling, 1883) *....................Australia, New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032534]
Scythropa maculata Keyserling, 1883b: 1447, pl. 122, f. 4 (Dmf).
Ericulus m. Simon, 1885b: 88.
B. m. Peckham & Peckham, 1886: 284.
B. m. Maddison, 1978: 76, f. 2 (m).
B. m. Davies & Zabka, 1989: 246, pl. 47 (mf).
B. m. Logunov, 2001a: 240, f. 105-107, 109, 115-129 (mf).

f monster Zabka, 1985....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032536]
B. m. Zabka, 1985: 203, f. 26-29 (Df).

mf murphyi Logunov, 2001....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038218]
B. m. Logunov, 2001a: 242, f. 135-142 (Dmf).

f narmadaensis (Tikader, 1975)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036919]
Zygoballus n. Tikader, 1975c: 151, f. 5-8 (Df).
B. n. Kaldari, 2010: 2 (Tf from Zygoballus).

f nexilis Jastrzebski, 2007....................Bhutan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041217]
B. n. Jastrzebski, 2007b: 26, f. 1-4 (Df).

f orientalis (Dönitz & Strand, 1906)....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032538]
Modunda o. Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 396, pl. 8, f. 123 (Df).

f pashanensis (Tikader, 1975)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036922]
Zygoballus p. Tikader, 1975c: 151, f. 1-4 (Df).
B. p. Kaldari, 2010: 1 (Tf from Zygoballus).

mf paulyi Logunov, 2009....................Madagascar, Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042551]
B. p. Logunov, 2009a: 273,f. 7-14 (Dmf).

mf pseudomaculatus Logunov, 2001....................India, Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038219]
B. maculatus Zabka, 1985: 202, f. 16-25 (mf, misidentified).
B. p. Logunov, 2001a: 244, f. 108, 110-114, 130-134 (Dmf).

mf punjabicus Logunov, 2001....................India, Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038220]
B. p. Logunov, 2001a: 244, f. 143-153 (Dmf).

f quadrimaculatus (Lawrence, 1927)....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032541]
Neaetha quadrimaculata Lawrence, 1927: 61, pl. 2, f. 48 (Df).
B. q. Logunov, 1996d: 526, f. 24-28 (Tf from Neaetha).

m senegalensis Logunov, 2001....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038221]
B. s. Logunov, 2001a: 247, f. 154-157 (Dm).

m simplex (Blackwall, 1865)....................Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032545]
Salticus s. Blackwall, 1865a: 82 (Dm).
B. s. Berland, 1936: 80, f. 24-25 (m; N.B.: considered by Logunov, 2001a: 281 to be a nomen oblitum, but without mention of Berland's figures).

mf tortus Jastrzebski, 2007....................India, Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041218]
B. t. Jastrzebski, 2007b: 27, f. 5-12 (Dmf).

mf vitiensis Berry, Beatty & Prószyn'ski, 1996....................Fiji [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032549]
B. v. Berry, Beatty & Prószyn'ski, 1996: 222, f. 25-28 (Dmf).
B. v. Logunov, 2001a: 247, f. 158-168 (mf).

mf wunderlichi Logunov, 2001....................Canary Is., Azores [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038222]
B. w. Logunov, 2001a: 248, f. 9-12, 28-35 (Dmf).