The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERAPHOSIDAE

Gen. Brachypelma Simon, 1891 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00200]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Euathlus Ausserer, 1875 by Schmidt, 1992a: 10; considered a senior synonym of Brachypelmides Schmidt & Krause, 1994b: 7, type Brachypelmides klaasi Schmidt & Krause, 1994 by Smith, 1995: 159; Schmidt (1997d, 1998f) did not accept that synonymy, but failed to present evidence that the species he would place in Brachypelmides represent the sister group of the remaining species of Brachypelma (or of some other group entirely).

In synonymy:
B. ruhnaui (Schmidt, 1997) = B. albiceps Pocock, 1903 (Locht et al., 2005: 108).

mf albiceps Pocock, 1903....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001696]
Eurypelma pallidum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 21, pl. 1, f. 17 (f, misidentified).
B. a. Pocock, 1903b: 103 (Df).
Aphonopelma a. Smith, 1995: 70, f. 76-82 (removed f from S of A. pallidum).
Brachypelmides ruhnaui Schmidt, 1997d: 205, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
Brachypelmides ruhnaui Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 199-201 (mf).
Brachypelmides ruhnaui Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 3 (m).
Aphonopelma a. Peters, 2000a: 23, f. 43 (f).
Brachypelmides ruhnaui Peters, 2000a: 76, f. 250-252 (mf).
Brachypelmides ruhnaui Schmidt, 2003l: 137, f. 207 (mf).
Aphonopelma a. Peters, 2003: 32, f. 107 (f).
Brachypelmides ruhnaui Peters, 2003: 133, f. 542, 545-547 (mf).
Brachypelmides a. Schmidt, 2004f: 4, f. 1 (T to synonymized generic name).
B. a. Locht et al., 2005: 108 (Tf from Aphonopelma, Sm).

mf albopilosum Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001850]
B. albopilosa Valerio, 1980a: 270, f. 20-24, 35 (Dmf).
B. albopilosa Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 43, f. 38 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 1992a: 10, f. 3-7 (Tmf from Euathlus).
B. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 189 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 194 (f).
B. a. Peters, 2000a: 62, f. 197 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 2003l: 151, f. 266-270 (mf).
B. a. Rudloff, 2003: 8, f. 22-25, 37, 40 (mf).
B. a. Peters, 2003: 105, f. 415-417 (mf).

m andrewi Schmidt, 1992....................Unknown [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001851]
Euathlus truculentus Smith, 1992a: 18, f. 1-12 (m, misidentified).
B. a. Schmidt, 1992c: 13, f. 6-7 (Dm).
Euathlus truculentus Schmidt, 1997g: 16, f. 81 (m; N.B.: correction of figure legend to B. andrewi is per Schmidt).
B. a. Schmidt, 2003l: 152, f. 271 (m).
B. a. Peters, 2003: 106, f. 420A, 421 (m).
B. a. Peters, 2005b: 41, f. 119-122 (m).

f angustum Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001852]
B. angusta Valerio, 1980a: 269, f. 19 (Df).
B. a. Schmidt, 1992a: 10, f. 8 (Tf from Euathlus).
B. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 192 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 197 (f).
B. a. Peters, 2000a: 63, f. 201 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 2003l: 152, f. 272 (f).
B. a. Peters, 2003: 107, f. 424 (f).

mf annitha Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001853]
B. a. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 1-6 (Dmf; N.B.: specific name considered a noun in apposition rather than a patronym).
B. a. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997b: 2, pl. 7-8, 11 (m).
B. a. Peters, 2000a: 64, f. 205-207 (mf).
B. a. Peters, 2003: 108, f. 428, 435-436 (mf).

mf auratum Schmidt, 1992....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001854]
B. a. Schmidt, 1992d: 9, f. 1, 3 (Dmf).
B. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 187 (f).
B. a. Smith, 1995: 160, f. 851-866 (mf).
B. a. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 2, f. 5 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 192 (f).
B. a. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 6 (f).
B. a. Peters, 2000a: 65, f. 210-211 (mf).
B. a. Schmidt, 2003l: 137, f. 203 (f).
B. a. Peters, 2003: 110, f. 439-440, 443, 446-447 (mf).

f aureoceps (Chamberlin, 1917)....................USA (probably introduced) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001855]
Eurypelma a. Chamberlin, 1917: 55, pl. 4, f. 3 (Df).
B. a. Smith, 1993a: 14 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
B. a. Smith, 1995: 162, f. 867-874 (f).
B. a. Peters, 2003: 113, f. 449 (f).
B. a. Peters, 2005b: 42, f. 123-125 (f).
B. a. Rudloff, 2008b: 29, f. 10-11 (f).

m baumgarteni Smith, 1993....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001856]
B. b. Smith, 1993a: 15, f. 1-10 (Dm).
B. b. Smith, 1995: 163, f. 875-883 (m).
B. b. Peters, 2000a: 66, f. 214-215 (m).
B. b. Peters, 2003: 114, f. 457, 460 (m).

mf boehmei Schmidt & Klaas, 1993....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001857]
B. b. Schmidt & Klaas, 1993: 7, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
B. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 193a (m).
B. b. Schmidt & Klaas, 1994: 8, f. 1-2 (mf).
B. b. Smith, 1995: 164, f. 884-900 (mf).
B. b. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 2, f. 1 (f).
B. b. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 190 (m).
B. b. Peters, 2000a: 67, f. 218 (f).
B. b. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 41-42 (m).
B. b. Schmidt, 2003l: 137, 152, f. 201, 273 (mf).

f embrithes (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001858]
Eurypelma e. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 7 (Df).
B. e. Smith, 1993a: 14 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

mf emilia (White, 1856) *....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001859]
Mygale e. White, 1856: 185, pl. 43 (Dm).
Brachypelma aemilia Simon, 1891h: 338 (Dmf).
Eurypelma e. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 19, pl. 2, f. 5 (m).
Brachypelma e. Smith, 1986b: 49, f. 27h (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
Brachypelma e. Smith, 1987d: 49, pl. 2, f. 27h (m).
Brachypelma e. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 46, f. 41 (f).
B. e. Schmidt, 1992a: 10 (Tmf from Euathlus per Raven).
B. e. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 188 (f).
Euathlus e. Baxter, 1993: 72, f. 19-20 (f).
B. e. Smith, 1995: 166, f. 901-915 (mf).
B. e. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46, f. 9-10 (mf).
B. e. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 2, f. 6 (f).
B. e. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 191, 193 (mf).
B. e. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 7 (f).
B. e. Peters, 2000a: 68, f. 222 (f).
B. e. Bertani, 2001: 338, f. 153-156 (mf).
B. e. Schmidt, 2003l: 152, f. 274-277 (mf).
B. e. Peters, 2003: 117, f. 473-474, 477, 480, 483 (mf).

mf epicureanum (Chamberlin, 1925)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001860]
Eurypelma epicureana Chamberlin, 1925c: 107, f. 5 (Dm).
Dugesiella eepicureana Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 254.
B. epicureana Smith, 1993a: 15 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia per Roewer).
B. e. Smith, 1995: 168, f. 916-925 (m).
B. e. Schmidt & Bullmer, 1996: 3, f. 1 (Df).
B. e. Rudloff, 2003: 8, f. 36, 38 (f).
B. e. Rudloff, 2008b: 29, f. 12-16 (mf).

mf fossorium Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001861]
B. fossoria Valerio, 1980a: 271, f. 25-28 (Dmf).
B. fossoria Smith, 1986b: 49, f. 28h (m).
B. fossoria Smith, 1987d: 49, f. 28h (m).
B. f. Schmidt, 1992a: 10, f. 9-12 (Tmf from Euathlus).
B. f. Peters, 2000a: 70, f. 228 (m).
B. f. Rudloff, 2003: 8, f. 26-29 (m).
B. f. Schmidt, 2003l: 153, f. 278-281 (mf).
B. f. Peters, 2003: 121, f. 486, 488-489 (mf).

mf hamorii Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001862]
B. h. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 1-6 (Dmf).
B. h. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997b: 3, pl. 9-11 (m).

mf kahlenbergi Rudloff, 2008....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041992]
B. k. Rudloff, 2008b: 26, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

mf klaasi (Schmidt & Krause, 1994)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001863]
Brachypelmides k. Schmidt & Krause, 1994b: 7, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
B. k. Smith, 1995: 169, f. 926-939 (mf).
Brachypelmides k. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 198, 202 (mf).
Brachypelmides k. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 4, 9 (mf).
Brachypelmides k. Vol, 1999a: 11, f. A (f).
Brachypelmides k. Peters, 2000a: 75, f. 244-247 (mf).
Brachypelmides k. Schmidt, 2003l: 137, f. 204 (m).
Brachypelmides k. Schmidt, 2003l: 137, f. 208 (f).
Brachypelmides k. Peters, 2003: 131, f. 533-535, 537 (mf).

f sabulosum (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001865]
Eurypelma s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 26 (Df).
Delopelma s. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 253.
B. s. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 42, f. 37 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
B. s. Schmidt, 1992a: 10 (Tf from Euathlus).
B. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 191 (f).
B. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 196 (f).
B. s. Piepho, 2001: 3, f. 1 (f).
B. s. Rudloff, 2003: 8, f. 32-34, 39 (f).
B. s. Schmidt, 2003l: 153, f. 282 (f).
B. s. Peters, 2003: 124, f. 502, 504 (f).
B. s. Rudloff, 2008b: 29, f. 17 (f).

mf schroederi Rudloff, 2003....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038371]
B. s. Rudloff, 2003: 2, f. 3-13, 30 (Dmf).
B. s. Peters, 2005b: 45, f. 144-149 (mf).
B. s. Rudloff, 2008b: 30, f. 26-27 (mf).

mf smithi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001866]
Eurypelma s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 20, pl. 1, f. 4 (Df).
Brachypelma s. Pocock, 1903b: 103.
B. s. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 44, f. 39 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
B. s. Schmidt, 1992a: 10 (Tf from Euathlus).
B. s. Schmidt, 1992d: 14, f. 2, 4 (f, Dm).
B. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 190 (f).
Euathlus s. Baxter, 1993: 73, f. 17-18, pl. A, f. 1-6 (mf).
B. s. Smith, 1995: 170, f. 940-956 (mf).
B. s. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 2, f. 2 (f).
B. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 195 (f).
B. s. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997b: 4, pl. 10-11 (m).
B. s. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 5 (m).
B. s. Peters, 2000a: 72, f. 235-236 (mf).
B. s. Schmidt, 2003l: 153, f. 283-284 (mf).
B. s. Peters, 2003: 125, f. 510, 512-513 (mf).

mf vagans (Ausserer, 1875)....................Mexico, Central America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001867]
Eurypelma v. Ausserer, 1875: 197, pl. 7, f. 41 (Dmf).
Eurypelma dupontii Becker, 1879d: 143 (Df).
Eurypelma v. Becker, 1881b: 45, pl. 2, f. 1 (f).
Eurypelma v. Simon, 1891h: 334, f. 1 (m).
Eurypelma v. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 25, pl. 1, f. 9 (mf).
Brachypelma v. Pocock, 1903b: 103.
B. v. Smith, 1986b: 51, f. 33h (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
B. v. Smith, 1987d: 51, pl. 2, f. 33h (m).
B. v. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 49, f. 44 (f).
B. v. Schmidt, 1992a: 10, f. 2 (Tmf from Euathlus).
B. v. Smith, 1995: 174, f. 957-980 (mf).
B. v. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 2, 8 (mf).
B. v. Peters, 2000a: 73, f. 239-240 (f).
B. v. Piepho, 2001: 3, f. 1 (f).
B. v. Rudloff, 2003: 7, f. 14-21, 31 (mf).
B. v. Schmidt, 2003l: 153, f. 285-286 (mf).
B. v. Peters, 2003: 127, f. 516-519 (mf).
B. v. Rudloff, 2008b: 30, f. 21-23 (mf).

mf verdezi Schmidt, 2003....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038372]
B. v. Schmidt, 2003g: 6, f. 1-3, 5-6 (Dmf).
B. v. Peters, 2003: 129, f. 523-525 (mf).
B. v. Peters, 2005b: 46, f. 150-155 (mf).
B. v. Rudloff, 2008b: 30, f. 24-25 (mf).