The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: SALTICIDAE

Gen. Carrhotus Thorell, 1891 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02872]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Eugasmia Simon, 1902 by Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 16 (by transfer of type species).

Transferred to other genera:
C. chlorophthalmus (Simon, 1909) -- see Maratus.
C. oscitans (Pocock, 1898) -- see Bindax.
C. rufus Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Frigga.
C. semiaurantiacus Simon, 1910 -- see Dasycyptus.

In synonymy:
C. crinitus (Karsch, 1879, T from Hasarius) = C. xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Prószyn'ski, 1973b: 100).
C. detritus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 = C. xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Prószyn'ski, 1973b: 100).
C. ornatus (Simon, 1885, T from Mogrus) = C. viduus (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Andreeva, Kononenko & Prószyn'ski, 1981: 103).
C. pichoni Schenkel, 1963 = C. xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Wesolowska, 1981b: 128).
C. rubrosquamulatus (Dönitz & Strand, 1906, T from Dendryphantes) = C. xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Yaginuma, 1962c: 46, sub C. detritus).

mf aeneochelis Strand, 1907....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032613]
C. a. Strand, 1907m: 454 (Dmf).

mf affinis Caporiacco, 1934....................Libya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032614]
C. a. Caporiacco, 1934b: 19, f. 7 (Df).
C. a. Caporiacco, 1936a: 108, f. 6 (Dm).

f albolineatus (C. L. Koch, 1846)....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042882]
Plexippus a. C. L. Koch, 1846: 105, f. 1167 (Df).
Attus a. Walckenaer, 1847a: 427.
C. a. Prószyn'ski, 2009b: 157, f. 12 (removed f from S of C. viduus).

mf barbatus (Karsch, 1880)....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032615]
Eris b. Karsch, 1880c: 397, pl. 12, f. 16 (Dm).
Eugasmia barbata Simon, 1902a: 395.
C. b. Prószyn'ski, 2009b: 158, f. 13-18 (m, Df).

mf bellus Wanless, 1984....................Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032616]
C. b. Wanless, 1984c: 61, f. 21a-g (Dmf; not f. 20, legends reversed).
C. b. Saaristo, 2010: 176, f. 27.16-20 (mf).

f catagraphus Jastrzebski, 1999....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032617]
C. c. Jastrzebski, 1999: 7, f. 22-24 (Df).

mf coronatus (Simon, 1885)....................China, Vietnam to Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032618]
Ergane coronata Simon, 1885a: 33 (Dm).
Plexippus sannio Hasselt, 1882: 48, pl. 5, f. 15 (f, misidentified).
Hasarius c. Thorell, 1887: 404.
Eugasmia coronata Simon, 1903a: 679, f. 831-832 (m).
C. c. Zabka, 1985: 207, f. 60-62 (f).
C. c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 296, f. 311.1-3 (f).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 507, f. 290F-G (f).

m erus Jastrzebski, 1999....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032619]
C. e. Jastrzebski, 1999: 4, f. 12-15 (Dm).

f harringtoni Prószyn'ski, 1992....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032620]
C. h. Prószyn'ski, 1992a: 90, f. 4-6 (Df).

f kamjeensis Jastrzebski, 1999....................Bhutan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032621]
C. k. Jastrzebski, 1999: 5, f. 16-18 (Df).

m malayanus Prószyn'ski, 1992....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032622]
C. m. Prószyn'ski, 1992b: 167, f. 1-5 (Dm).

mf occidentalis (Denis, 1947)....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032623]
Eugasmia o. Denis, 1947a: 82, pl. 5, f. 17, pl. 6, f. 14-15 (Dmf).

m olivaceus (Peckham & Peckham, 1907)....................Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032624]
Eugasmia olivacea Peckham & Peckham, 1907: 624 (Dm).

f operosus Jastrzebski, 1999....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032625]
C. o. Jastrzebski, 1999: 7, f. 25-27 (Df).

m pulchellus (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032626]
Ergane pulchella Thorell, 1895: 391 (Dm).

f samchiensis Jastrzebski, 1999....................Bhutan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032627]
C. s. Jastrzebski, 1999: 6, f. 19-21 (Df).

mf sannio (Thorell, 1877)....................Reunion, India to Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032628]
Plexippus s. Thorell, 1877b: 617 (Dm).
Hasarius virens Thorell, 1891: 147 (Df).
Hasarius s. Workman & Workman, 1894: 16, f. 16 (mf).
Eugasmia s. Simon, 1903a: 708.
C. s. Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 16 (mf).
C. s. Zabka, 1985: 207, f. 63-70 (mf).
C. s. Prószyn'ski, 1992b: 168, f. 6 (m).
C. s. Peng et al., 1993: 35, f. 66-74 (mf).
C. s. Jastrzebski, 1999: 3, f. 4-7 (m).
C. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 507, f. 289Q, 290H, 324P (mf).
C. s. Ledoux, 2007: 33, f. 35 (f).
C. s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 476, f. 343A-E (mf).
C. s. Yin et al., 2012: 1337, f. 723a-i (mf).

m s-bulbosus Jastrzebski, 2009....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042783]
C. s. Jastrzebski, 2009a: 535, f. 1-2, 5 (Dm).

m scriptus Simon, 1902....................Gabon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032629]
C. s. Simon, 1902a: 393 (Dm).

f singularis Simon, 1902....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032630]
C. s. Simon, 1902a: 395 (Df).

f subaffinis Caporiacco, 1947....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032631]
C. s. Caporiacco, 1947d: 246 (Df).

f sufflavus Jastrzebski, 2009....................Bhutan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042784]
C. s. Jastrzebski, 2009a: 535, f. 3-4, 6 (Df).

mf sundaicus Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010....................Lombok [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043593]
C. s. Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010: 157, f. 21-24, 26-28 (Dmf).

mf taprobanicus Simon, 1902....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032632]
C. t. Simon, 1902a: 394 (Dmf).

m tristis Thorell, 1895....................India, Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032633]
C. t. Thorell, 1895: 379 (Dm).
C. t. Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 17 (m).
C. t. Prószyn'ski, 1992b: 168, f. 8-11 (m).

mf viduus (C. L. Koch, 1846) *....................India to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032634]
Plexippus v. C. L. Koch, 1846: 104, f. 1166 (Dm).
Attus v. Walckenaer, 1847a: 426.
Hyllus morgani Simon, 1885e: 437 (Dm).
Mogrus ornatus Simon, 1885e: 439 (Df).
Plexippus cumulatus Karsch, 1891: 301, pl. 12, f. 28 (Df).
C. v. Thorell, 1891: 142.
C. v. Workman & Workman, 1894: 14, f. 14 (m).
C. v. Simon, 1903a: 707, f. 827-828 (m).
C. v. Pocock, 1904: 804, pl. 66, f. 8.
C. v. Andreeva, Kononenko & Prószyn'ski, 1981: 103, f. 39-42 (mf, S).
C. v. Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 16 (m).
C. v. Song & Chai, 1991: 13, f. 1A-D (mf).
C. v. Prószyn'ski, 1992b: 169, f. 7 (m).
C. v. Peng et al., 1993: 36, f. 75-83 (mf).
C. v. Jastrzebski, 1999: 4, f. 8-11 (m).
C. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 507, f. 290I-J, 291A-B, 324Q (mf).
C. v. Prószyn'ski, 2009b: 158, f. 19-23 (mf).
C. v. Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010: 157. f. 25, 29 (mf).
C. v. Yin et al., 2012: 1339, f. 724a-i (mf).

mf xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032635]
Aranea bicolor Walckenaer, 1802: 247 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied by Olivier, 1789 and Fabricius, 1798).
Attus bicolor Walckenaer, 1805: 24.
Salticus x. Latreille, 1819: 103 (D).
Attus x. Walckenaer, 1826: 52 (Df).
Dendryphantes mucidus C. L. Koch, 1846: 86, f. 1149 (Df).
Salticus x. Blackwall, 1851: 401 (m).
Dendryphantes bicolor Simon, 1864: 315.
Euophrys bicolor Simon, 1864: 500.
Attus bicolor Simon, 1868b: 28 (Df).
Attus lanipes Simon, 1871: 189.
Philaeus bicolor Simon, 1876a: 49.
Hasarius crinitus Karsch, 1879g: 86 (Dm).
Hyctia x. O. P.-Cambridge, 1881a: 561.
Philaeus bicolor Bösenberg, 1903: 441, pl. 42, f. 648 (m).
C. detritus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 358, pl. 14, f. 385, 391 (Df).
Dendryphantes rubrosquamulatus Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 397, pl. 9, f. 130 (Dmf).
C. bicolor Lessert, 1910b: 592.
C. bicolor Dahl, 1926: 47, f. 144-145 (mf).
C. bicolor Simon, 1937: 1238, 1270, f. 2008-2010 (mf).
C. detritus Saito, 1939: 40, f. 5.3 (f).
C. detritus Saito, 1959: 148, f. 205a-b (f).
C. detritus Yaginuma, 1960: 105, f. 89.1 (f).
C. detritus Yaginuma, 1962c: 46 (S).
C. pichoni Schenkel, 1963: 444, f. 254a-c (Dm).
C. detritus Lee, 1966: 74, f. 27g-h (f).
C. detritus Yaginuma, 1971: 105, f. 89.1 (f).
C. bicolor Miller, 1971: 142, pl. XXI, f. 16-17 (mf).
C. x. Prószyn'ski, 1973b: 100, f. 8-14 (mf, S).
C. x. Prószyn'ski, 1976: 154, f. 238 (m).
C. pichoni Yin & Wang, 1979: 28, f. 3A-E (mf).
C. x. Prószyn'ski, 1979: 304, f. 17 (f).
C. x. Flanczewska, 1981: 192, f. 3 (m).
C. x. Prószyn'ski & Zochowska, 1981: 18, f. 2-6 (mf).
C. x. Wesolowska, 1981a: 50, f. 19-21 (f).
C. pichoni Yin & Wang, 1981b: 269, f. 2A-F (m, Df).
C. x. Wesolowska, 1981b: 128, f. 1-3 (m, S).
C. detritus Hu, 1984: 355, f. 369.1 (f).
C. pichoni Hu, 1984: 356, f. 370.1-4 (mf).
C. x. Dunin, 1984b: 130, f. 3-4 (mf).
C. x. Guo, 1985: 175, f. 2-99.1-4 (mf).
C. x. Yaginuma, 1986a: 227, f. 126.3 (mf).
C. x. Song, 1987: 287, f. 244 (mf).
C. x. Bohdanowicz & Prószyn'ski, 1987: 49, f. 9-17 (mf).
C. x. Zhang, 1987: 236, f. 207.1-4 (mf).
C. bicolor Peng, 1989: 158, f. 2A-F (mf).
C. x. Chikuni, 1989b: 146, f. 1 (mf).
C. x. Chen & Gao, 1990: 181, f. 230a-c (mf).
C. x. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 295, f. 310.1-3 (mf).
C. x. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 494, f. 1322 (mf).
C. x. Maekawa & Ikeda, 1992: 103, f. 6 (f).
C. x. Peng et al., 1993: 38, f. 84-91 (mf).
C. x. Zhao, 1993: 392, f. 196a-c (mf).
C. x. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 109, f. 48A-G (mf).
C. bicolor Mcheidze, 1997: 96, f. 112 (f).
C. x. Zabka, 1997: 43, f. 70-76 (mf).
C. x. Metzner, 1999: 142, f. 107a-k (mf).
C. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 507, f. 290K, 291C (mf).
C. x. Hu, 2001: 376, f. 234.1-2 (f).
C. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 425, f. 281A-C (mf).
C. x. Namkung, 2002: 558, f. 43.2a-c (mf).
C. x. Cho & Kim, 2002: 92, f. 6-7, 100-101, 212-213 (mf).
C. x. Kim & Cho, 2002: 94, f. 85-90 (mf).
C. x. Namkung, 2003: 562, f. 43.2a-c (mf).
C. x. Trotta, 2005: 173, f. 409-410 (mf).
C. x. Wunderlich, 2008f: 713, f. 13-14 (mf).
C. x. Ono, Ikeda & Kono, 2009: 567, f. 69-72 (mf; N.B.: see also Ono, 2009: 594 for a putative synonymy of a supposed taxon Euophrys nipponicus Chikuni, 1941).
C. x. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 477, f. 344A-D (mf).
C. x. Yin et al., 2012: 1340, f. 725a-h (mf).