The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERAPHOSIDAE

Gen. Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00213]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Davus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892 by Valerio, 1982: 412 (but not by Schmidt, 2005c); of Chaetorhombus Ausserer, 1871 and Adranochelia Simon, 1889 by Raven, 1985a: 148; and of Dryptopelma Simon, 1889 (but not of Butantania Mello-Leitão, 1935, Melloleitaoina Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960 or Tmesiphantes Simon, 1892 (contra Raven, 1985a: 150) and Pseudoschizopelma Smith, 1995: 186, type Schizopelma macropus Ausserer, 1875 (by transfer of type species) by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46; not a senior synonym of Magulla Simon, 1892 (Indicatti et al., 2008a: 22, contra Raven, 1985a: 148).

Transferred to other genera:
C. chickeringi (Caporiacco, 1955) -- see Tmesiphantes.
C. crassifemur (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960) -- see Melloleitaoina.
C. hirsutum (Mello-Leitão, 1935) -- see Homoeomma.
C. ischnoculiforme Franganillo, 1926 -- see Cyrtopholis.
C. janeirum (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Magulla.
C. longipes (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945) -- see Holothele vellardi.
C. majus Franganillo, 1926 -- see Cyrtopholis.
C. melloleitaoi Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971 -- see Vitalius.
C. minensis (Mello-Leitão, 1943) -- see Plesiopelma.
C. multicuspidatum (Mello-Leitão, 1929) -- see Proshapalopus.
C. nubilum (Simon, 1892) -- see Tmesiphantes.
C. obesum (Simon, 1892) -- see Magulla.
C. physopus (Mello-Leitão, 1926) -- see Tmesiphantes.
C. rondoni (Lucas & Bücherl, 1972) -- see Holothele.
C. semiaurantiacum Simon, 1897 -- see Plesiopelma.
C. serratum (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1958) -- see Homoeomma.
C. stylipum Valerio, 1982 -- see Stichoplastoris.
C. symmetricum (Bücherl, 1949) -- see Plesiopelma.

f bicolor (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001933]
Chaetorrhombus b. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 180, pl. VII, f. c-e (Df).

m fasciatum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1892)....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001934]
Davus fasciatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 91, pl. 12, f. 4 (Dm; legend reads Pella fasciata).
Davus fasciatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 41, pl. 3, f. 4 (m).
C. fasciatus Valerio, 1982: 412, f. 21-25 (m).
C. fasciatus Smith, 1986b: 78, f. 17h (m).
C. fasciatus Smith, 1987d: 78, f. 17h (m).
C. fasciatus Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 47, f. 42 (f).
Davus fasciatus Peters, 2000a: 114, f. 361 (m).
Davus fasciatus Schmidt, 2003l: 162, f. 346-349 (mf).
Davus fasciatus Peters, 2003: 165, f. 653, 658 (mf).
Davus fasciatus Schmidt, 2005c: 12, f. 1, 7-8 (mf).

f garbei (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001935]
Chaetorrhombus g. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 134 (Df).

mf gaujoni Simon, 1889....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001936]
C. g. Simon, 1889g: 403 (Df).
C. g. Berland, 1913b: 83 (Dm).

m janthinum (Simon, 1889)....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001938]
Dryptopelma ianthinum Simon, 1889g: 402 (Dm, lapsus).
Dryptopelma j. Simon, 1892a: 137.
Dryptopelma j. Simon, 1903a: 920, f. 1079 (m).
Dryptopelma j. Schmidt, 1986: 41, f. 8 (m).
Dryptopelma j. Schmidt, 1993d: 65, f. 86 (m).
C. janthina Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 47, f. 14 (m).
Dryptopelma j. Schaefer, 1996: 24, f. 13 (m).
C. j. Schmidt, 2003l: 156, f. 298 (m).

mf kochi (Ausserer, 1871)....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001939]
Chaetorhombus kochii Ausserer, 1871a: 196 (Df).
Chaetorrhombus k. Simon, 1889m: 205 (Dm).
Chaetorrhombus k. Simon, 1892a: 141, f. 117, 121 (m).
Chaetorrhombus k. Schmidt, 1986: 46, f. 44-45 (m).
C. k. Schmidt, 1993d: 62, f. 55-56 (m).
C. k. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 129, 133 (m).
C. k. Peters, 2003: 153, f. 607, 610-611 (mf).

mf macropus (Ausserer, 1875)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001940]
Crypsidromus m. Ausserer, 1875: 179, pl. 6, f. 24-25 (Dmf).
Schizopelma m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 29, pl. 1, f. 10 (m).
Pseudoschizopelma m. Smith, 1995: 187, f. 1034-1040 (Tmf from Schizopelma).
C. m. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46, f. 15 (m).
Davus m. Schmidt, 2003l: 162, f. 350-351 (m).
Davus m. Schmidt, 2005c: 14, f. 2, 9 (m).

f obscurum Simon, 1891....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001944]
C. o. Simon, 1891h: 331 (Df).
C. o. Vol, 2001a: 14, f. 11 (f, may belong to Hapalopus).
Davus obscurus Schmidt, 2005c: 14, f. 10 (f).

m palomeranum West, 2000....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036946]
C. p. West, 2000: 303, f. 1E-F (Dm; N.B.: specific name is patronymic adjective).
C. p. Schmidt, 2003l: 157, f. 302-302 (m).

mf pentalore (Simon, 1888)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001945]
Crypsidromus pentaloris Simon, 1888b: 216 (Df).
Hapalopus ruficeps Simon, 1891a: 109 (Df).
Hapalopus pentaloris F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 31, pl. 2, f. 2-3, pl. 3, f. 2 (f, Dm).
Hapalopus pentaloris Smith, 1986b: 84, f. 43h (m).
Hapalopus pentaloris Smith, 1987d: 84, f. 43h (m).
Pseudoschizopelma p. Smith, 1995: 187, f. 1041-1061 (Tmf from Hapalopus).
Pseudoschizopelma p. Schmidt, 1997g: 17, f. 115-118 (mf).
Davus p. Schmidt, 1998h: 17, f. 115-118.
Pseudoschizopelma p. Vol, 1999a: 13, f. V (f).
Davus pentaloris Schmidt, 2003f: 9, f. 6-7 (m)
Davus pentaloris Schmidt, 2003l: 131, f. 148-151 (mf).
Davus pentaloris Peters, 2003: 166, f. 660, 662-663 (mf).
Davus pentaloris Schmidt, 2005c: 15, f. 3-5 (mf).
Davus p. Peters, 2005b: 56, f. 176-180 (mf).

m rufohirtum (Simon, 1889)....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001946]
Adranochelia rufohirta Simon, 1889m: 207 (Dm).
Adranochelia rufohirta Simon, 1892a: 141, f. 118, 122 (m).
Adranochelia rufohirta Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 62, f. 74-78 (m).
Adranochelia rufohirta Schmidt, 1986: 46, f. 46-47 (m).
C. r. Schmidt, 1993d: 62, f. 57-60 (m).
C. r. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 126, 130-131, 134 (m).
C. r. Schmidt, 2003l: 157, f. 303-306 (m).

mf schmardae Ausserer, 1871 *....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001947]
C. s. Ausserer, 1871a: 192 (Df).
C. s. Simon, 1892a: 141, f. 123 (Dm).
C. s. Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 124, f. 26-27 (m).
C. s. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 67, f. 68-73 (mf).
C. s. Schmidt, 1986: 46, f. 43 (m).
C. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 62, f. 52-54 (mf).
C. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46, f. 12-13 (mf).
C. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 124-125, 128 (mf).
C. s. Vol, 1999a: 11, f. E (f).
C. s. Vol, 2001a: 7, f. 9-10 (mf).
C. s. Schmidt, 2003f: 9, f. 3-5 (mf).
C. s. Schmidt, 2003l: 132, f. 160-163 (mf).
C. s. Peters, 2003: 154, f. 613, 616-617 (mf).
C. s. Peters, 2005b: 54, f. 171-175 (mf).

mf spinopalpus (Schaefer, 1996)....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002497]
Tmesiphantes s. Schaefer, 1996: 24, f. 1-4 (Dmf; N.B.: spelled spinopalpa in legends).
Tmesiphantes s. Peters, 2000b: 128, f. 373-374 (mf).
C. s. Rudloff, 2000: 6 (Tmf from Tmesiphantes).
Tmesiphantes s. Schmidt, 2003l: 192, f. 527-529 (mf).
C. s. Peters, 2003: 155, f. 618, 621-622, 624 (mf).

m viridimonte Valerio, 1982....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001949]
C. viridimontis Valerio, 1982: 412, f. 10-14, 27 (Dm).
C. viridimontis Smith, 1986b: 79, f. 20h (m).
C. viridimontis Smith, 1987d: 79, f. 20h (m).
C. viridimontis Schmidt, 2003l: 157, f. 310-313 (m).