The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ERESIDAE

Gen. Eresus Walckenaer, 1805 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03330]

Transferred to other genera:
E. algericus El-Hennawy, 2004 -- see Adonea.
E. annulipes Lucas, 1857 -- see Loureedia.
E. arenarius Kroneberg, 1875 -- see Stegodyphus.
E. bicolor O. P.-Cambridge, 1869 -- see Stegodyphus.
E. daliensis Yang & Hu, 2002 -- see Stegodyphus.
E. depressus Tucker, 1920 -- see Gandanameno.
E. echinatus Purcell, 1908 -- see Gandanameno.
E. fumosus C. L. Koch, 1837 -- see Gandanameno.
E. inornatus Pocock, 1898 -- see Gandanameno.
E. jerbae El-Hennawy, 2005 -- see Loureedia.
E. namaquensis Purcell, 1908 -- see Gandanameno.
E. purcelli Tucker, 1920 -- see Gandanameno.
E. semicanus Simon, 1908 -- see Loureedia.
E. spenceri Pocock, 1900 -- see Gandanameno.

In synonymy:
E. annulatus (Hahn, 1821, removed from S of E. cinnaberinus) = E. sandaliatus (Martini & Goeze, 1778) (Ratschker & Bellmann, 1995: 217).
E. lautus Simon, 1873 = E. solitarius Simon, 1873 (Lehtinen, 1967: 233).
E. purpuratus (Panzer, 1804, removed from S of E. cinnaberinus) = E. sandaliatus (Martini & Goeze, 1778) (Ratschker & Bellmann, 1995: 217).
E. tristis Kroneberg, 1875 = E. cinnaberinus (Olivier, 1789) (Nenilin & Pestova, 1986: 1734, sub E. niger).

Nomina dubia:
E. albomarginatus Lucas, 1864: 29 (m, Senegal) -- El-Hennawy, 2004b: 34.
E. ater Walckenaer, 1805: 21, pl. 3, f. 25-26 (m, Italy) -- Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
E. cinnaberinus (Olivier, 1789: 221, originally in Aranea, placed in Erythrophorus by C. L. Koch, 1850: 71, m, Italy) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005833] * -- Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
E. dubius (Walckenaer, 1837: 392, m, Italy, originally in Chersis) -- Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
E. illustris C. L. Koch, 1837a: 105, f. 317 (m, possibly Hungary) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005837] -- Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
E. moniligerus (Villers, 1789: 128, pl. 11, f. 8, f, France, originally in Aranea) -- Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
E. niger (Petagna, 1787: 34, 1792: 437, m, Italy, originally in Aranea) -- Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
E. petagnae Audouin, 1826: 374, pl. 4, f. 11 (f, Egypt, Syria) -- El-Hennawy, 2004b: 33.
E. pulchellus Lucas, 1864: 29 (f, Egypt) -- El-Hennawy, 2004b: 33.
E. quatuorguttatus (Rossi, 1790: 135, pl. 1, f. 8-9, m, Italy, originally in Aranea, placed in Erythrophorus by C. L. Koch, 1850: 71) -- Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.

mf albopictus Simon, 1873....................Morocco, Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005801]
E. a. Simon, 1873d: 352, pl. 10, f. 12 (Df).
E. lucasi Simon, 1873d: 353, pl. 10, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
Dorceus a. Lehtinen, 1967: 231 (Tmf from Eresus).
E. a. El-Hennawy, 2002: 70 (rejected T).

m bifasciatus Ermolajev, 1937....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005834]
E. niger b. Ermolajev, 1937b: 599, 606, f. 1 (Dm).
E. b. Azarkina & Trilikasukas, 2012: 205, f. 5-8, pl. I, f. 6 (elevated m to species).

mf crassitibialis Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005840]
E. c. Wunderlich, 1987a: 103, f. 272-276 (Dmf).

m granosus Simon, 1895....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005841]
E. g. Simon, 1895c: 331 (Dm).
E. g. Ermolajev, 1928b: 100, f. 3 (m).

mf kollari Rossi, 1846....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041642]
Aranea cinnaberinus Walckenaer, 1802: 249 (misidentified).
Aranea quatuorguttata Coquebert, 1804: 122, pl. 27, f. 12 (m, misidentified).
E. cinnaberinus Walckenaer, 1805: 21 (misidentified).
E. cinnaberinus Hahn, 1821: 1, pl. 5, f. A (m, misidentified).
E. quatuorguttatus Hahn, 1832: 45, f. 35 (f, misidentified).
E. cinnaberinus Walckenaer, 1837: 395 (f, misidentified).
E. 4-guttatus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 104, f. 316 (m, misidentified).
E. cinnaberinus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 106, f. 318 (m, misidentified).
E. k. Rossi, 1846: 17 (Df).
E. guerinii Lucas, 1846: 133, pl. 4, f. 10 (Dm).
E. fulvus Rossi, 1846: 17 (Dm; N.B.: possibly valid, per Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 275).
Erythrophorus 4-guttatus C. L. Koch, 1850: 71.
Erythrophorus cinnaberinus C. L. Koch, 1850: 71.
Chersis niger Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 812.
E. tristis Kroneberg, 1875: 44, pl. 4, f. 31 (Dm).
E. cinnaberinus Hansen, 1882: 50, pl. 3, f. 9.
E. niger Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 152, pl. 6, f. 22 (mf).
E. niger Simon, 1892a: 251, 254, f. 203-204, 209 (mf).
E. cinnaberinus Becker, 1896: 2, pl. 1, f. 1 (mf).
E. niger Bösenberg, 1903: 411, pl. 39, f. 606 (mf).
E. niger Kulczyn'ski, 1903b: 637, pl. 1, f. 1-2 (m).
E. niger typicus Simon, 1911b: 296.
E. niger J. Berland, 1913: 39, f. 38-41.
E. niger Reimoser, 1931b: 59, f. 2 (mf).
E. niger Giltay, 1932: 11, f. 5 (m).
E. niger Nakatsudi, 1942b: 8, f. 1A-B (m).
E. niger Locket & Millidge, 1951: 50, f. 15A, 19 (mf).
E. niger Wiehle, 1953: 71, f. 155-161 (mf).
E. niger Namkung, 1964: 33, f. 5a-c (mf).
E. niger Braendegaard, 1966: 36, f. 20-22 (mf; N.B.: may be E. sandaliatus).
E. niger Lehtinen, 1967: 462, f. 467 (m).
E. niger Azheganova, 1968: 21, f. 24 (m).
E. niger Loksa, 1969: 20, f. 12, 13A-D (mf).
E. niger Miller, 1971: 55, pl. II, f. 8-9 (f).
E. cinnaberinus Brignoli, 1978o: 288, f. 11 (f).
E. niger Paik, 1978e: 179, f. 72.1-3 (mf).
E. niger Hu, 1984: 51, f. 47.1-4 (m).
E. niger Roberts, 1985: 46, f. 12b (mf).
E. niger Zhu et al., 1985: 52, f. 42a-c (m).
E. niger Nenilin & Pestova, 1986: 1734, f. 1-4, 7 (mf, S).
E. niger Song, 1987: 63, f. 29 (m).
E. cinnaberinus Wunderlich, 1987a: 103, f. 277-279 (f).
E. niger Zhang, 1987: 47, f. 33.1-3 (mf).
E. niger Feng, 1990: 31, f. 6.1-4 (mf).
E. niger Chen & Gao, 1990: 23, f. 25a-b (m).
E. niger Ergashev, 1990: 16, f. 1-10 (mf).
E. niger Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 52, f. 112 (mf).
E. nigel Zhao, 1993: 61, f. 23a-c (m).
E. niger Wang, 1994d: 11, f. 1-3 (m).
E. tristis Wang, 1994d: 12, f. 4-6 (m).
E. niger Danilov, 1994: 200, f. 1 (m).
E. cinnaberinus Melic, 1995b: 9, f. 2-9 (mf).
E. cinnaberinus Ratschker & Bellmann, 1995: 217, f. 1-2 (mf).
E. cinnaberinus Ratschker, 1995: 723, f. 1-2 (mf, possibly aberrant population).
E. niger Mcheidze, 1997: 47, f. 24-28 (m).
E. cinnaberinus Bellmann, 1997: 38, f. (mf).
E. cinnaberinus Roberts, 1998: 80, f. (mf).
E. cinnaberinus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 74, f. 11L, 31A-B (m).
E. tristis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 74, f. 31C-D (m).
E. cinnaberinus Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 79, f. 35A-D (mf).
E. cinnaberinus Namkung, 2002: 62, f. 9.1a-b (mf).
E. cinnaberinus Namkung, 2003: 64, f. 9.1a-b (mf).
E. cinnaberinus Marusik, Guseinov & Aliev, 2005: 138, f. 9 (f).
E. k. Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 267, f. 1A-C, 2A-J, R, 3A-J, R, 4A, D, G, J, 5A, D (mf, considered the earliest identifiable name for the widespread species of this genus).
E. k. Kovács, Szinetár & Török, 2011: 139, f. 1C-F, 2B, D, F (mf).
E. niger Le Peru, 2011: 320, f. 554 (mf).
E. k. Miller et al., 2012: 61, f. 2A-B, 9A-D, 13A-C, 16H, K, 43A-J, 44A-F, 45E-F, 46A-F (mf).
E. cinnaberinus Azarkina & Trilikasukas, 2012: 207, f. 9-12, pl. I, f. 7 (m).

f kollari frontalis Latreille, 1819....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005835]
E. niger f. Latreille, 1819: 393 (D).
E. imperialis Dufour, 1820a: 357, pl. 69, f. 2 (Df).
E. f. Walckenaer, 1837: 396 (Df).
E. f. Bacelar, 1936: 180, f. 1 (Df; N.B.: this "subspecies" name has priority over E. kollari).

f kollari ignicomus Simon, 1914....................Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005836]
E. ruficapillus Simon, 1873d: 351, pl. 10, f. 13 (f, misidentified).
E. niger i. Simon, 1914a: 70, 71 (Df; N.B.: probably a valid species, per Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 275).

m kollari latefasciatus Simon, 1911....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005838]
E. niger l. Simon, 1911b: 297 (Dm).

f kollari tricolor Simon, 1873....................Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005839]
E. t. Simon, 1873d: 348, pl. 10, f. 10-11 (Df; N.B.: probably a valid species, per Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 275).
E. niger t. Simon, 1914a: 69.

m lavrosiae Mcheidze, 1997....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005842]
E. l. Mcheidze, 1997: 48, f. 29 (Dm).

mf moravicus Rezác, 2008....................Austria, Hungary, Czech Rep., Slovakia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041643]
E. ruficapillus Herman, 1879: 293 (m, misidentified).
E. cinnaberinus Thaler & Knoflach, 2002b: 425, f. 19-22 (m, misidentified).
E. m. Rezác in Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 274, f. 2K-Q, 3K-Q, 4B, E, H, K, 5B, E (Dmf).
E. m. Kovács, Szinetár & Török, 2011: 139, f. 1A-B, 2A, C, E (mf).
E. m. Le Peru, 2011: 319, f. 553 (f).

f pharaonis Walckenaer, 1837....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005844]
E. p. Walckenaer, 1837: 396 (Df).
Erythrophora p. Simon, 1864: 3.
E. p. El-Hennawy, 2004b: 26, f. 1A-E (f).

f robustus Franganillo, 1918....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005846]
E. r. Franganillo, 1918b: 122 (Df).

m rotundiceps Simon, 1873....................Ukraine, Turkmenistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005847]
E. r. Simon, 1873d: 344 (Dm).

f ruficapillus C. L. Koch, 1846....................Sicily, Croatia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005848]
E. r. C. L. Koch, 1846: 4, f. 1080 (Df).

mf sandaliatus (Martini & Goeze, 1778)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005849]
Aranea sandaliata Martini & Goeze, in Lister, 1778: 287 (D).
Aranea purpurata Panzer, 1804b: 47, pl. 32, f. 20 (Dm).
E. annulatus Hahn, 1821: 1, pl. B, f. 5 (Dm).
E. annulatus Hahn, 1832: 47, f. 36 (Df).
E. annulatus C. L. Koch, 1846: 14, f. 1087 (m).
Erythrophorus annulatus C. L. Koch, 1850: 71.
E. cinnaberinus Blackwall, 1861a: 46, pl. 3, f. 23 (mf, misidentified).
E. s. Ratschker & Bellmann, 1995: 217, f. 3-4 (mf, formerly treated as senior S of E. cinnaberinus but suppressed for lack of usage, now considered a separate species, S).
E. s. Bellmann, 1997: 40, f. (mf).
E. s. Roberts, 1998: 80, f. (mf).
E. s. Almquist, 2005: 41, f. 73a-c (m).
E. s. Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 276, f. 2S-AA, 3S-AA, 4C, F, I, L, 5C, F (mf).
E. s. Le Peru, 2011: 320, f. 558 (mf).
E. s. Miller et al., 2012: 62, f. 16I, L, 45A-D (f).

m sedilloti Simon, 1881....................Portugal, Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005850]
E. s. Simon, 1881c: 133 (Dm).
E. s. Bacelar, 1936: 181, f. 2-3 (m).
E. s. Le Peru, 2011: 321, f. 559 (m).

m solitarius Simon, 1873....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005852]
E. s. Simon, 1873a: 154 (Dm).
E. lautus Simon, 1873d: 156 (Dm).
E. s. Bacelar, 1936: 182, f. 4 (m).
E. s. Lehtinen, 1967: 233 (S).
E. s. Le Peru, 2011: 321, f. 560 (m).

mf walckenaeri Brullé, 1832....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005853]
E. walckenaer Brullé, 1832: 54, pl. 28, f. 4 (Df).
E. audouin Brullé, 1832: 54, pl. 28, f. 10 (Dm).
E. theis Brullé, 1832: 54, pl. 28, f. 11 (Df).
E. ctenizoides C. L. Koch, 1836a: 19, f. 176 (Df).
E. luridus C. L. Koch, 1836a: 20, f. 177 (Df).
E. w. Walckenaer, 1837: 398 (Dm).
E. puniceus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 102, f. 315 (Dm).
E. pruinosus C. L. Koch, 1846: 3, f. 1079 (Df).
E. siculus Lucas, 1864: 28 (Df).
Erythrophora punicea Simon, 1864: 300.
E. puniceus Simon, 1873d: 345 (Df).
E. w. Simon, 1892a: 248, f. 201 (m).
E. w. Kulczyn'ski, 1903b: 636, pl. 1, f. 2 (m).
E. w. Giltay, 1932: 12, f. 6 (m).
E. w. Brignoli, 1978o: 288, f. 10 (m).
E. w. Le Peru, 2011: 321, f. 561 (m).
E. w. Miller et al., 2012: 57, f. 2C-E, 4C, 12J-L, 16G, J, 40A-J, 41A-F, 42A-F (mf).

f walckenaeri moerens C. L. Koch, 1846....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005854]
E. m. C. L. Koch, 1846: 1, f. 1078 (Df).
E. w. m. Roewer, 1962b: 13, f. 8 (f, removed from S, placed as subspecies).