The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Eriophora Simon, 1864 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01476]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Epeirella Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 149, type E. tucumana Mello-Leitão, 1941, by Levi, 2002: 562; see note under Pararaneus.

Transferred to other genera:
E. aeronavis Mello-Leitão, 1947 -- see Parawixia.
E. albocincta (Mello-Leitão, 1945) -- see Alpaida.
E. annulata (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Backobourkia.
E. astridae (Strand, 1917) -- see Plebs.
E. aurea (Saito, 1934) -- see Plebs.
E. baotianmanensis (Hu, Wang & Wang, 1991) -- see Plebs.
E. bistriata (Rengger, 1836) -- see Parawixia.
E. brouni (Urquhart, 1885) -- see Backobourkia.
E. burmeisteri (Holmberg, 1876) -- see Parawixia.
E. collina (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Backobourkia.
E. decorosa (Urquhart, 1894) -- see Acroaspis.
E. flava Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. flavomaculata (Yaginuma, 1955) -- see Plebs.
E. heroine (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Backobourkia.
E. himalayaensis (Tikader, 1975) -- see Plebs.
E. migra Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. oculosa Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. omnicolor (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Araneus.
E. pinea (Yin et al., 1990) -- see Plebs.
E. plumiopedella (Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1987) -- see Plebs.
E. poecila (Zhu & Wang, 1994) -- see Plebs.
E. sachalinensis (Saito, 1934) -- see Plebs.
E. shaanxiensis Zhu & Wang, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. tokachiana (Saito, 1934) -- see Plebs.
E. tricentra Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. tubulofaciens (Hingston, 1932) -- see Micrepeira.
E. ventricosella (Roewer, 1942) -- see Backobourkia.
E. wagenknechti Mello-Leitão, 1940 -- see Molinaranea.
E. wangi Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. yanbaruensis Tanikawa, 2000 -- see Plebs.

In synonymy:
E. acacesiiformis (Caporiacco, 1954, T from Araneus) = E. nephiloides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 177).
E. argyronota (Mello-Leitão, 1939, T from Araneus) = E. edax (Blackwall, 1863) (Levi, 1991a: 177).
E. balaustina (McCook, 1888, removed from S of E. circulata) = E. ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Levi, 1971b: 287).
E. blattea (Urquhart, 1887, T from Araneus) = E. pustulosa (Walckenaer, 1841) (Court & Forster, 1988: 104).
E. capitalis (L. Koch, 1871, T from Araneus) = E. transmarina (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1164, sub Araneus).
E. edax cauca (Strand, 1915) = E. edax (Blackwall, 1863) (Levi, 1971b: 296).
E. geayi (Caporiacco, 1954, T from Araneus) = E. edax (Blackwall, 1863) (Levi, 1991a: 178).
E. hispida (C. L. Koch, 1844, T from Araneus) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. leucisca (Urquhart, 1892, T from Araneus) = E. pustulosa (Walckenaer, 1841) (Court & Forster, 1988: 104).
E. messalina (Hasselt, 1888, T from Araneus) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. minax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1893) = E. ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Levi, 1971b: 287).
E. musiva (Hasselt, 1888, T from Araneus, nomen oblitum) = E. nephiloides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 179).
E. nicaraguensis (Keyserling, 1885) = E. ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Levi, 1971b: 287).
E. producta (L. Koch, 1867) = E. transmarina (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1164, sub Araneus).
E. purpurascens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. thyridota (Thorell, 1870, T from Araneus) = E. transmarina (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1164, sub Araneus).
E. trapezoides (Karsch, 1879, T from Singa) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. ursina (Keyserling, 1865) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. variolata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, removed from S of E. edax) = E. ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Levi, 1971b: 287).
E. viridis (Keyserling, 1865, T from Araneus) = E. transmarina (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1164, sub Araneus).

Nomina dubia:
E. bivariolata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 27, pl. 6, f. 15, mf) -- Levi, 1971b: 287.
E. circulata (Walckenaer, 1841: 79, f, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1971b: 286.
E. nephiloides trapezoidalis (Franganillo, 1930: 30, f, 1946: 98, f. 3, m, Cuba, T from Araneus by Brignoli, 1983c: 268) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
E. tucumana (Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 149, pl. VII, f. 31, originally in Epeirella, j, Brazil) -- Levi, 2002: 562.

mf biapicata (L. Koch, 1871)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015875]
Epeira b. L. Koch, 1871: 54, pl. 4, f. 4 (Df).
Araneus transmarinus Dondale, 1966: 1164 (S, rejected).
E. b. Davies, 1980b: 128, f. 9-15 (removed f from S of E. transmarina, Dm).

mf conica (Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1987)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017160]
Zilla c. Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1987: 63, f. 8-14 (Dmf).
Zilla c. Yin et al., 1997d: 398, f. 288a-g (mf).
Zilla c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 310, f. 184L-M, 185A-B, M (mf).
E. c. Yin et al., 2012: 680, f. 336a-g (Tmf from Zilla).

mf edax (Blackwall, 1863)....................USA to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015878]
Epeira e. Blackwall, 1863a: 30 (Dmf).
E. e. Banks, 1909a: 210.
Araneus e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 290.
Aranea e. cauca Strand, 1916b: 111 (Df).
E. e. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 325, f. 205-207 (mf).
Araneus argyronotus Mello-Leitão, 1939g: 111, f. 14 (Df).
E. e. Bryant, 1948a: 62, f. 7 (f).
Araniella geayi Caporiacco, 1954: 104, f. 24 (Df).
E. e. Levi, 1971b: 296, f. 35-48 (mf, S).
Araneus geayi Levi, 1974b: 293 (Tf from Araniella).
E. e. Levi, 1991a: 177-178 (S).
E. e. Levi, 2002: 541, f. 112-113 (f).

mf flavicoma (Simon, 1880)....................New Caledonia, Loyalty Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015879]
Epeira f. Simon, 1880i: 168 (Df).
Araneus f. Berland, 1924a: 220 (Dm).
E. f. Archer, 1951a: 21 (Tmf from Araneus).

mf fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Honduras to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015880]
Epeira f. C. L. Koch, 1838: 58, f. 375 (Df).
Epeira hispida C. L. Koch, 1844: 71, f. 889 (Dm).
Epeira ursina Keyserling, 1865: 822, pl. 19, f. 3-5 (Df).
Epeira trapezoides Karsch, 1879h: 107 (Df).
Epeira messalina Hasselt, 1888: 181, pl. 6, f. 1-2 (Df).
Epeira purpurascens O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 33, pl. 7, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
Epeira purpurescens Keyserling, 1893: 226, pl. 11, f. 168 (mf).
Epeira ursina Keyserling, 1893: 229, pl. 11, f. 170 (f).
Araneus fuligineus Simon, 1895a: 803.
Araneus hispidus Simon, 1895a: 803.
Araneus messalina Simon, 1895a: 803.
Araneus purpurascens Simon, 1897d: 873.
E. purpurascens F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 463, pl. 43, f. 14-15 (mf).
Araneus trapezoides Petrunkevitch, 1911: 319.
Araneus ursinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 322.
E. ursina Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 254 (Tf from Araneus)
Singa trapezoides Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 260 (Tf from Araneus).
E. f. Levi, 1971b: 290, f. 25-34 (Tf from Araneus, Sm).
E. f. Levi, 2002: 547, f. 192 (m).

mf nephiloides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala to Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015882]
Epeira musiva Hasselt, 1888: 184, pl. 5, f. 5-7 (Df; nomen oblitum).
Epeira n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 32, pl. 7, f. 1-2 (Df).
Epeira n. McCook, 1894: 190, pl. 14, f. 5-6, pl. 22, f. 3 (f).
Epeira n. Keyserling, 1893: 222, pl. 11, f. 165 (f).
Araneus musivus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 305.
Araneus n. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Aranea n. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 511, pl. 48, f. 22 (f).
E. n. Banks, 1909a: 210.
Araneus acacesiiformis Caporiacco, 1954: 108, f. 27, 27a (Df).
E. n. Levi, 1971b: 298, f. 49-58 (f, Dm).
E. n. Levi, 1991a: 177-179 (S).

mf neufvilleorum (Lessert, 1930)....................Congo, Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015883]
Araneus n. Lessert, 1930: 641, f. 17-18 (Dmf).
E. n. Archer, 1951a: 21 (Tmf from Araneus).

mf pustulosa (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015885]
Epeira p. Walckenaer, 1841: 132 (Df).
Epeira verrucosa Walckenaer, 1841: 135 (Df).
Epeira verrucosa Keyserling, 1864: 139, pl. 6, f. 20-21 (f).
Epeira verrucosa L. Koch, 1872a: 112, pl. 9, f. 4 (f, Dm).
Epeira brounii Urquhart, 1885: 32, pl. 10, f. 5 (m, misidentified).
Epeira corrugatum Urquhart, 1887: 72, pl. 7, f. 1 (Dmf).
Epeira pocillator Urquhart, 1887: 74 (Dmf).
Epeira oblitera Urquhart, 1887: 77 (Df).
Epeira mulleola Urquhart, 1888: 118, pl. 41, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira helveo-guttata Urquhart, 1888: 119 (Df).
Epeira mulleola Urquhart, 1889a: 147 (Dm).
Epeira ostri-brunnea Urquhart, 1890c: 243, 250, pl. 17, f. 5 (Dmf).
Epeira atri-apiata Urquhart, 1891a: 156 (Dm).
Epeira simulata Urquhart, 1892b: 242 (Df).
Epeira leucisca Urquhart, 1892b: 245 (Df).
Epeira blattea Urquhart, 1893a: 179 (Dm).
Araneus p. Dalmas, 1917a: 379, f. 46, 49 (mf).
Araneus pustulosus Main, 1964: 100, f. G (f).
Araneus pustulosus Hickman, 1967: 64, f. 112-114 (mf).
Aranea p. Forster, 1967: 17, f. 10, 31 (mf).
Araneus pustulosus Forster & Forster, 1973: 27, f. 3c, 6c (mf).
Araneus pustulosus Main, 1977b: 100, f. 5 (f).
E. p. Court & Forster, 1988: 104, f. 353, 516-530 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
E. p. Paquin, Vink & Dupérré, 2010: 49, f. 25.4-5 (mf).

mf ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) *....................USA to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015886]
Epeira r. C. L. Koch, 1844: 73, f. 890 (Df).
Epeira nicaraguensis Keyserling, 1885: 532, pl. 13, f. 31 (Df).
Epeira balaustina McCook, 1888b: 198 (Df).
Epeira variolata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 46, pl. 6, f. 14 (Dmf).
Epeira bivariolata Keyserling, 1892: 100, pl. 5, f. 74 (m, using nomen dubium).
Epeira nicaraguensis Keyserling, 1893: 214, pl. 10, f. 159 (f).
Epeira minax O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 112, pl. 15, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira balaustina McCook, 1894: 155, pl. 4, f. 2 (f).
Epeira bivariolata McCook, 1894: 159, pl. 5, f. 5-6 (mf, using nomen dubium).
Epeira r. McCook, 1894: 161, pl. 5, f. 7 (f, Dm).
Eustala variolata Simon, 1897d: 873.
E. variolata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 464.
E. minax F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 464, pl. 44, f. 3 (f).
Epeira bivariolata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 464, pl. 44, f. 1-2 (mf, using nomen dubium).
E. r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 465.
Aranea nicaraguensis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 519.
E. balaustina Banks, 1909b: 161.
Araneus balaustinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 281.
Araneus minax Petrunkevitch, 1911: 303.
Araneus nicaraguensis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Araneus ravillus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 312.
Araneus variolatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323.
E. circulata Comstock, 1940: 117, 517, f. 108-111, 538 (m).
E. nicaraguensis Mello-Leitão, 1948: 164 (Tf from Araneus).
E. r. Levi, 1971b: 286, f. 7-24 (mf, S).
E. r. Breene et al., 1993: 103, f. 154A-D (mf).

mf transmarina (Keyserling, 1865)....................New Guinea, Australia, Samoa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015889]
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1865: 814, pl. 18, f. 15-16 (Df).
Epeira viridis Keyserling, 1865: 812, pl. 18, f. 11-12 (Df).
Epeira producta L. Koch, 1867b: 178 (Df).
Epeira thyridota Thorell, 1870c: 367 (Df).
Epeira thyridota L. Koch, 1871: 52, pl. 4, f. 3, pl. 7, f. 1 (f, Dm).
Epeira producta L. Koch, 1871: 55, pl. 4, f. 5-7 (f, Dm).
Epeira capitalis L. Koch, 1871: 58, pl. 5, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1887a: 139, pl. 1, f. 4 (Dm).
Epeira capitalis Hogg, 1899: 139, pl. 13, f. 3, 4b (f).
Epeira producta Hogg, 1899: 139, pl. 13, f. 4, 4a (f).
Araneus productus Rainbow, 1909: 222.
Aranea producta Strand, 1913c: 608.
Araneus capitalis Berland, 1938: 173, f. 129-130 (Dm).
E. producta Archer, 1951a: 21 (Tmf from Araneus).
E. t. Archer, 1951a: 21 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus productus Chrysanthus, 1960: 30, f. 34, 47, 64, 71 (mf).
Araneus transmarinus Main, 1964: 100, f. B-F (f).
Araneus transmarinus Dondale, 1966: 1164, f. 2D-G (mf, S).
E. t. Davies, 1980b: 126, f. 1-8, pl. IB (mf, S).
E. t. Davies, 1988b: 300, f. 24 (mf).