The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: MIMETIDAE

Gen. Ero C. L. Koch, 1836 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03318]

Transferred to other genera:
E. foliata L. Koch, 1878 -- see Chrysso under Theridiidae.
E. tasmaniensis Hickman, 1928 -- see Australomimetus.

In synonymy:
E. aurantiaca Simon, 1932 = E. tuberculata (De Geer, 1778) (Canard, 1982: 86).
E. ligurica Kulczyn'ski, 1905 = E. flammeola Simon, 1881 (Thaler, van Harten & Knoflach, 2004: 362).
E. ligurica lusitanica Kulczyn'ski, 1911 = E. flammeola Simon, 1881 (Machado, 1941: 27).
E. luzonensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 = E. aphana (Walckenaer, 1802) (Harms & Harvey, 2009b: 269).
E. nicoleti Simon, 1904 = E. spinipes (Nicolet, 1849) (Platnick & Shadab, 1993: 10).

Nomen nudum:
E. andringitrae Emerit, 1980.

mf aphana (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Palearctic (St. Helena, Queensland, Western Australia, introduced) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005666]
Aranea a. Walckenaer, 1802: 206 (D).
Theridion a. Walckenaer, 1805: 77.
Theridion a. Walckenaer, 1841: 330 (Dmf).
E. atomaria C. L. Koch, 1845: 106, f. 1033 (Df).
E. a. Simon, 1881a: 33, pl. 26, f. 9 (mf).
E. atomaria Dahl, 1883: 35 (Dm).
E. a. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 13, pl. 1, f. 3 (mf).
E. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 403, pl. 8, f. 77 (f).
E. a. Bösenberg, 1902: 112, pl. 10, f. 141 (mf).
E. a. Simon, 1932: 774, 778, f. 1119-1120 (mf).
E. a. Wiehle, 1953: 62, f. 138-143 (mf).
E. a. Punda, 1975b: 68, f. 152-154 (f).
E. a. Merrett & Snazell, 1975: 106, f. 1-4 (mf).
E. a. Canard, 1982: 77, pl. 3, f. 2-3, 7-8 (mf).
E. a. Zhou, Wang & Zhu, 1983: 156, f. 7a-e (mf).
E. a. Roberts, 1985: 170, f. 75d (mf).
E. a. Hu & Wu, 1989: 177, f. 147.1-2 (f).
E. a. Wang, 1990a: 39, f. II.5-7 (f).
E. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 92, f. 207 (mf).
E. a. Roberts, 1995: 260, f. (mf).
E. luzonensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 304, f. 180a-f (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005692].
E. a. Roberts, 1998: 275, f. (mf).
E. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 73, f. 29I-J (f).
E. a. Thaler, van Harten & Knoflach, 2004: 359, f. 1-2, 5-8, 19, 25, 31, 37-40, 47-48, 52, 53a-b (mf).
E. a. Harms & Harvey, 2009b: 268, f. 26A-E, 28I (mf, S).
E. a. Le Peru, 2011: 314, f. 545 (mf).
E. luzonensis Yin et al., 2012: 196, f. 51a-f (mf).
E. a. Townley, Harms & Benjamin, 2013: 421, f. 9 (m).

m cachinnans Brignoli, 1978....................Bhutan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005667]
E. c. Brignoli, 1978k: 53, f. 34-35 (Dm).

mf cambridgei Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005668]
E. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 61, pl. 2, f. 78, 81-82 (Dmf).
E. c. Simon, 1932: 774, 777, f. 1117-1118 (mf).
E. c. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 32, f. 24A, 25B (mf).
E. c. Palmgren, 1974a: 57, f. 29f-i (mf).
E. c. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 46, f. 25B (m).
E. c. Pakhorukov & Utochkin, 1977a: 91, f. 2a-b (f).
E. c. Canard, 1982: 77, pl. 2, f. 7-8 (mf).
E. c. Roberts, 1985: 170, f. 75a (f).
E. c. Tanikawa & Tazoe, 1988: 30, f. 3-6 (mf).
E. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 92, f. 206 (mf).
E. c. Roberts, 1995: 258, f. (mf).
E. c. Roberts, 1998: 274, f. (mf).
E. c. Schütt, 2000: 137, f. 6B (m).
E. c. Namkung, 2002: 59, f. 8.3a-b (f).
E. c. Namkung, 2003: 61, f. 8.3a-b (f).
E. c. Thaler, van Harten & Knoflach, 2004: 360, f. 23-24, 28-29, 34-35, 60-61 (mf).
E. c. Almquist, 2005: 37, f. 71a-g (mf).
E. c. Yoshida & Tanikawa, 2009: 251, f. 1-2 (mf).
E. c. Le Peru, 2011: 314, f. 546 (mf).
E. c. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 191, f. 23.5, 7 (mf).

f canala Wang, 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005669]
E. c. Wang, 1990a: 39, f. III.1-4 (Df).
E. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 73, f. 29K-L (f).
E. c. Yin et al., 2012: 188, f. 44a-d (f).

mf canionis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005670]
E. c. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 23, pl. 10, f. 78 (Dmf).
E. c. Kaston, 1948: 275, f. 881-882 (mf).
E. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 173, f. 1941-1942 (mf).

f capensis Simon, 1895....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005671]
E. c. Simon, 1895a: 945 (Df).

mf catharinae Keyserling, 1886....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005672]
E. c. Keyserling, 1886b: 251, pl. 20, f. 302 (Dmf).
E. c. Mello-Leitão, 1929b: 550, pl. 3, f. 15 (mf).

mf comorensis Emerit, 1996....................Comoro Is., Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005673]
E. c. Emerit, 1996: 102, f. 7D, 9, 11C (Dm).
E. c. Saaristo, 2002: 15, f. 39-40 (Df).
E. c. Saaristo, 2010: 89, f. 15.1-2 (f).

f eburnea Thaler, 2004....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039702]
E. e. Thaler, in Thaler, van Harten & Knoflach, 2004: 361, f. 56-58 (Df).

mf felix Thaler & van Harten, 2004....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039703]
E. f. Thaler & van Harten, in Thaler, van Harten & Knoflach, 2004: 361, f. 11-14, 21, 27, 33, 43, 45-46, 51 (Dmf).

mf flammeola Simon, 1881....................Portugal to Corfu, Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005674]
E. f. Simon, 1884a: 37 (Dm).
E. ligurica Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 543, pl. 14, f. 3 (Df).
E. ligurica Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 63, pl. 2, f. 76 (f).
E. ligurica lusitanica Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 63, pl. 2, f. 77 (Df).
E. f. Simon, 1932: 772, 777, f. 1113-1114 (m, Df).
E. f. Machado, 1941: 27 (S).
E. f. Brignoli, 1977c: 944, f. 2 (f).
E. f. Canard, 1982: 77, pl. 2, f. 1, 3-4 (mf).
E. f. Thaler, van Harten & Knoflach, 2004: 362, f. 4, 17-18, 20, 26, 32, 41-42, 49-50, 54-55 (mf, S).
E. f. Le Peru, 2011: 314, f. 547 (mf).

mf furcata (Villers, 1789)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005675]
Aranea f. Villers, 1789: 129 (D).
Theridion variegatum Brullé, 1832: 52, pl. 28, f. 8 (Dmf).
Theridion thoracicum Wider, 1834: 213, pl. 14, f. 11 (Dmf).
E. variegata C. L. Koch, 1836b: 138, pl. 5-6 (mf).
Theridion callens Blackwall, 1841: 627 (Df).
Theridion variegatum Blackwall, 1864a: 203, pl. 14, f. 134 (mf).
E. variegata Menge, 1866: 147, pl. 28, f. 61 (mf).
E. atomaria Ohlert, 1867: 81 (Dmf).
E. thoracica Thorell, 1870a: 77.
E. f. Simon, 1881a: 36 (mf).
E. f. Keyserling, 1886b: 13, pl. 11, f. 140 (mf).
E. f. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 13, pl. 1, f. 2 (mf).
E. f. Becker, 1896: 74, pl. 15, f. 2 (mf).
E. f. Bösenberg, 1902: 111, pl. 9, f. 139 (mf).
E. f. Simon, 1932: 774, 777, f. 1115-1116 (mf).
E. f. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 34, f. 24B, 25C (mf).
E. f. Wiehle, 1953: 57, f. 128-135 (mf).
E. f. Yaginuma & Nishikawa, 1969: 74, f. 1-3 (f).
E. f. Palmgren, 1974a: 57, f. 29a-e (mf).
E. f. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 46, f. 25A (m).
E. f. Shinkai, 1978: 84, f. 11-13 (mf).
E. f. Canard, 1982: 77, pl. 2, f. 5-6, pl. 5, f. 5-8 (mf).
E. f. Roberts, 1985: 170, f. 75b (mf).
E. f. Wunderlich, 1986: 216, f. 216.
E. f. Yaginuma, 1986a: 62, f. 32.5 (f).
E. f. Heimer, 1986: 115, f. 4-5 (mf).
E. f. Chikuni, 1989b: 60, f. 2 (mf).
E. f. Bürgis, 1989a: 2, f. 1-9 (mf).
E. f. Coddington, 1990: 19, f. 101 (m).
E. f. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 92, f. 205 (mf).
E. f. Roberts, 1995: 259, f. (mf).
E. f. Roberts, 1998: 274, f. (mf).
E. f. Thaler, van Harten & Knoflach, 2004: 363, f. 3, 15-16, 22, 30, 36, 44, 59 (mf).
E. f. Almquist, 2005: 38, f. 72a-i (mf).
E. f. Yoshida & Tanikawa, 2009: 251, f. 3-4 (mf).
E. f. Le Peru, 2011: 314, f. 548 (mf).
E. f. Marusik & Kunt, 2011: 4, f. 14-15 (f).

f furuncula Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005676]
E. furunculus Simon, 1909e: 119 (Df).

mf galea Wang, 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005677]
E. g. Wang, 1990a: 39, f. II.8-10 (Dm).
E. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 73, f. 29T-U (m).
E. g. Yin et al., 2012: 189, f. 45a-f (m, Df).

f ganglia Yin & Bao, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046166]
E. g. Yin & Bao, in Yin et al., 2012: 190, f. 46a-d (Df).

mf gemelosi Baert & Maelfait, 1984....................Galapagos Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005678]
E. g. Baert & Maelfait, 1984: 159, f. 1-4 (Df).
E. g. Baert, 2013b: 67, f. 9-12 (Dm).

m goeldii Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005679]
E. göldii Keyserling, 1891: 218, pl. 8, f. 159 (Dm).

f gracilis Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005680]
E. g. Keyserling, 1891: 219, pl. 8, f. 160 (Df).
E. g. Mello-Leitão, 1929b: 552, pl. 3, f. 16 (f).

f humilithorax Keyserling, 1886....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005681]
E. h. Keyserling, 1886b: 15, pl. 11, f. 141 (Df).
E. h. Mello-Leitão, 1929b: 553, pl. 3, f. 17 (f).

mf japonica Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005682]
E. j. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 245, pl. 5. f. 56, pl. 12, f. 252 (Df).
E. j. Yaginuma, 1954d: 17, f. 16-19 (f).
E. j. Saito, 1959: 119, f. 148a-f (f).
E. j. Namkung, 1964: 36, f. 20 (f).
E. j. Paik, 1967: 186, f. 1, 4-11 (mf).
E. j. Paik, 1978e: 284, f. 123.1-8 (mf).
E. j. Yaginuma, 1986a: 62, f. 32.4 (mf).
E. j. Chikuni, 1989b: 60, f. 1 (mf).
E. j. Wang, 1990a: 36, f. I.1-9 (mf).
E. j. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 183, f. 189.1-6 (mf).
E. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 73, f. 29M-N, V-W (mf).
E. j. Namkung, 2002: 57, f. 8.1a-b (mf).
E. j. Namkung, 2003: 59, f. 8.1a-b (mf).
E. j. Yoshida & Tanikawa, 2009: 251, f. 5-6 (mf).
E. j. Yin et al., 2012: 191, f. 47a-i (mf).

f jiafui Yin & Bao, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046167]
E. j. Yin & Bao, in Yin et al., 2012: 183, f. 48a-e (Df).

f juhuaensis Xu, Wang & Wang, 1987....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005683]
E. j. Xu, Wang & Wang, 1987: 65, f. 1-4 (Df).
E. jiuhuaensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 73, f. 29O-P (f, invalid emendation).
E. jiuhuaensis Yin et al., 2012: 194, f. 49a-d (f).

f kompirensis Strand, 1918....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005684]
E. k. Strand, 1918: 96 (Df).

f koreana Paik, 1967....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005685]
E. k. Paik, 1967: 188, f. 2, 12-15 (Df).
E. k. Paik, 1978e: 286, f. 124.1-4 (f).
E. k. Wang, 1990a: 36, f. II.1-4 (f).
E. k. Ono, 1996a: 20, f. 1-5 (f).
E. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 73, f. 29Q-R (f).
E. k. Namkung, 2002: 58, f. 8.2a (f).
E. k. Namkung, 2003: 60, f. 8.2a (f).
E. k. Yoshida & Tanikawa, 2009: 251, f. 7-8 (f).
E. k. Yin et al., 2012: 195, f. 50a-d (f).

f lata Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005686]
E. l. Keyserling, 1891: 220, pl. 8, f. 162 (Df).
E. l. Mello-Leitão, 1929b: 554, pl. 3, f. 18 (f).

mf lawrencei Unzicker, 1966....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005687]
E. l. Unzicker, 1966: 507, f. 3-7 (Dmf).

mf leonina (Hentz, 1850)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005688]
Theridium leoninum Hentz, 1850: 276, pl. 9, f. 12 (Df).
E. thoracica Emerton, 1882: 18, pl. 3, f. 5 (mf, misidentified).
E. thoracica Emerton, 1902: 132, f. 316-317 (f, misidentified).
E. furcata Comstock, 1940: 533, f. 566a-c (f).
E. furcata l. Archer, 1941a: 191 (elevated American populations to subspecies).
E. furcata Kaston, 1948: 274, f. 879-880, 890-891 (mf).
E. l. Kaston, 1977: 36 (removed from S of E. furcata).
E. furcata Shear, 1981: 261, f. 10-12 (m).
E. furcata Forster & Platnick, 1984: 96, f. 390 (m).
E. l. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 174, f. 1943-1944 (mf).

f lodingi Archer, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005690]
E. l. Archer, 1941a: 192, f. 2 (Df).

f lokobeana Emerit, 1996....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005691]
E. l. Emerit, 1996: 101, f. 7C, 8, 11A (Df).

mf madagascariensis Emerit, 1996....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005693]
E. m. Emerit, 1996: 95, f. 1-6, 7A-B, 11B (Dmf).

f melanostoma Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005694]
E. m. Mello-Leitão, 1929b: 555, pl. 3, f. 19-20 (Df).

mf pensacolae Ivie & Barrows, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005695]
E. p. Ivie & Barrows, 1935: 19, pl. 7, f. 54 (Dmf).
E. p. Archer, 1941a: 193, f. 3 (f).

mf quadrituberculata Kulczyn'ski, 1905....................Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005696]
E. q. Kulczyn'ski, 1905d: 448, pl. 12, f. 3-5 (Df).
E. q. Canard, 1982: 86, pl. 4, f. 5-7 (f, Dm).

m salittana Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005697]
E. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 303, f. 179a-e (Dm).

f spinifrons Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005698]
E. s. Mello-Leitão, 1929b: 556, pl. 3, f. 21, pl. 8, f. 38 (Df).

mf spinipes (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005699]
Theridion s. Nicolet, 1849: 540 (Dj).
Theridion s. Simon, 1904e: 92.
E. nicoleti Simon, 1904e: 96 (Df).
E. s. Levi, 1967a: 19, f. 48-53 (Tj from Theridion, Dmf).
E. s. Platnick & Shadab, 1993: 9, f. 14-15, 20, 41-49 (mf, S).

mf tuberculata (De Geer, 1778) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005701]
Aranea t. De Geer, 1778: 226, pl. 16, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
E. t. C. L. Koch, 1836b: 138, pl. 3-4 (mf).
E. t. C. L. Koch, 1845: 107, f. 1034 (mf).
E. t. Menge, 1866: 149, pl. 28, f. 62 (mf).
E. t. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 13, pl. 1, f. 4 (mf).
E. t. Becker, 1896: 73, pl. 15, f. 1 (mf).
E. t. Bösenberg, 1902: 111, pl. 10, f. 140 (mf).
E. t. Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 556, pl. 14, f. 23 (m).
E. t. Simon, 1932: 775, 778, f. 1121-1122 (mf).
E. aurantiaca Simon, 1932: 775, 778, f. 1123 (Df).
E. t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 35, f. 24C, 25A (mf).
E. t. Wiehle, 1953: 64, f. 144-148 (mf).
E. aurantiaca Denis, 1966f: 173, f. 1-2 (f).
E. t. Palmgren, 1974a: 58, f. 29j-m (mf).
E. t. Canard, 1982: 77, pl. 3, f. 1, 4-6, pl. 4, f. 1-4, pl. 5, f. 1-4 (mf, S).
E. t. Roberts, 1985: 170, f. 75c (mf).
E. t. Wang, 1986: 41, f. A-B (f).
E. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 92, f. 208 (mf).
E. t. Roberts, 1995: 259, f. (mf).
E. t. Roberts, 1998: 275, f. (mf).
E. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 73, f. 29S, 30A (mf).
E. t. Thaler, van Harten & Knoflach, 2004: 364, f. 9-10, 62-64 (f).
E. t. Harms & Dunlop, 2009: 786, f. 1A, 2B (m).
E. t. Le Peru, 2011: 315, f. 549 (mf).

m valida Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005702]
E. v. Keyserling, 1891: 220, pl. 8, f. 161 (Dm).