The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: SPARASSIDAE

Gen. Eusparassus Simon, 1903 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02535]

N.B.: some workers follow Bonnet in using the generic name Sparassus Walckenaer, 1805, but that name is now considered a junior synonym of Micrommata Latreille, 1804; considered a junior synonym of Cercetius Simon, 1902 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02526], but older name suppressed for lack of usage, and ICZN conservation of the younger name proposed, by Moradmand & Jäger, 2012b: 251.

Transferred to other genera:
E. concolor Caporiacco, 1939 -- see Olios quesitio.
E. flavovittatus Caporiacco, 1935 -- see Olios.
E. hansii Schenkel, 1950 -- see Titiotus under Tengellidae.
E. sanguinifrons Simon, 1906 -- see Olios.
E. suavis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) -- see Olios.

In synonymy:
E. civilis (Reuss, 1834, T from Heteropoda) = E. walckenaeri (Audouin, 1826) (Levy, 1989: 132, sub Sparassus).
E. cognatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) = E. walckenaeri (Audouin, 1826) (Levy, 1989: 132, sub Sparassus).
E. dufouri kabylianus Denis, 1937 = E. letourneuxi (Simon, 1874) (Denis, 1938c: 388).
E. dufouri maximus Strand, 1906= E. oraniensis (Lucas, 1846) (Moradmand, 2013: 32).
E. fontanieri (Simon, 1880) = E. walckenaeri (Audouin, 1826) (Levy, 1989: 132, sub Sparassus).
E. furcatus (Lawrence, 1927, T from Olios) = E. tuckeri (Lawrence, 1927) (Moradmand, 2013: 61).
E. nanjianensis (Hu & Fu, 1985) = E. potanini (Simon, 1895) (Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2476).
E. rufobrunneus Caporiacco, 1941 = E. vestigator (Simon, 1897) (Moradmand, 2013: 44).
E. tersus (C. L. Koch, 1837) = E. walckenaeri (Audouin, 1826) (Levy, 1989: 132, sub Sparassus).
E. validus (Thorell, 1875) = E. walckenaeri (Audouin, 1826) (Levy, 1989: 132, sub Sparassus).

Nomina dubia:
E. cornipalpis Strand, 1906b: 631 (m, Ethiopia) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028795] -- Moradmand, 2013: 74.
E. fulviclypeus Strand, 1906b: 630, placed in Olios by Caporiacco, 1940c: 843 (mf, Ethiopia) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028800] -- Moradmand, 2013: 74.
E. lilus Strand, 1907m: 437 (m, Java) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028805] -- Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2492.
E. nigrichelis Strand, 1906b: 631 (f, Ethiopia) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028807] -- Moradmand, 2013: 74.
E. palystiformis Strand, 1907a: 541, 1907n: 671 (f, South Africa) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028810] -- Moradmand, 2013: 74.
E. quinquedentatus Strand, 1906h: 71 (originally as E. 5-dentatus, f, Ghana) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028813] -- Moradmand, 2013: 75.
E. sexdentatus Strand, 1906h: 73 (j, Togo) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028816] -- Moradmand, 2013: 75.
E. subadultus Strand, 1906b: 631 (j, Ethiopia) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028818] -- Moradmand, 2013: 74.
E. ubae Strand, 1906b: 684, 1908l: 41, pl. 2, f. 8 (f, East Africa) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028820] -- Moradmand, 2013: 74.

Nomen nudum:
E. takahashii Kishida (Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 592).

mf arabicus Moradmand, 2013....................Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046018]
E. a. Moradmand, 2013: 19, f. 7a-e, 8a-c, 47d-e, 59e-f (Dmf).

mf atlanticus Simon, 1909....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028797]
E. argelasius a. Simon, 1909b: 30 (Df).
Sparassus syrticus Levy, 1989: 137, f. 22-23 (f, misidentified).
E. a. Moradmand, 2013: 24, f. 12a-c, 13a-e, 14a-b, 49a-b, 60e-f (f, Dm, elevated from subspecies of E. dufouri).

mf barbarus (Lucas, 1846)....................Algeria, Tunisia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028792]
Olios b. Lucas, 1846: 202, pl. 11, f. 10 (Dmf).
Sparassus b. Simon, 1874b: 262.
E. b. Reimoser, 1919: 177.
E. b. Moradmand, 2013: 31, f. 15a-e, 16a-c, 51a-b, 61a-b (mf).

m bicorniger (Pocock, 1898)....................Egypt, Ethiopia, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028793]
Sparassus b. Pocock, 1898g: 519, pl. 41, f. 9 (Dm).
E. b. Strand, 1908i: 22 (N.B.: misplaced in this genus per Moradmand, 2013: 73).

f borakalalo Moradmand, 2013....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046023]
E. b. Moradmand, 2013: 58, f. 34a-e, 55c, 64g (Df).

mf doriae (Simon, 1874)....................Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045499]
Sparassus d. Simon, 1874b: 254, pl. 5, f. 6 (Dmf).
E. d. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2462, f. 9A-E, 10A-D (removed mf from S of E. walckenaeri).
E. d. Moradmand, 2013: 69, f. 58a-b, 67a-b (mf).

mf dufouri Simon, 1932 *....................Portugal, Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028796]
Micromata argelasia Dufour, 1820d: 299, pl. 2 (f, misidentified).
Sparassus argelasius Walckenaer, 1830: 108, pl. 7, f. 1 (m, misidentified).
E. argelasius Simon, 1903a: 1025 (misidentified).
E. argelasius Järvi, 1914: 57, 175, f. 49, pl. 4, f. 9-10 (f, misidentified).
E. argelasius Roewer, 1928b: 118, pl. 2, f. 38-39 (mf, misidentified).
E. d. Simon, 1932: 890 (Dmf).
E. d. Barrientos & Urones, 1985: 356, f. 4-5 (f).
Sparassus d. Levy, 1989: 138, f. 20 (f).
E. d. Urones, 2006: 102, f. 1-24 (mf).
E. d. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2445, f. 2A-E, 3A-C, 23 (mf).
E. d. Moradmand, 2013: 24, f. 11a-e, 60a-b (mf).

mf educatus Moradmand, 2013....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046025]
E. e. Moradmand, 2013: 66, f. 40a-e, 41a-d, 56a, 65c-d (Dmf).

mf fritschi (C. Koch, 1873)....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046019]
Ocypete f. C. Koch, 1873: 114 (Df).
E. f. Moradmand, 2013: 36, f. 20a-c, 21a-e, 49c-d, 61c-d (removed f from S of E. oraniensis, Dm)

mf fuscimanus Denis, 1958....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028801]
E. f. Denis, 1958b: 100, f. 29 (Df).
E. f. Roewer, 1962a: 4, f. 82-84 (Dm).
Sparassus f. Levy, 1989: 137, f. 27 (f).
E. f. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2468, f. 12A-D, 13A-F, 14A-E (mf).
E. f. Moradmand, 2013: 69, f. 58d, 67c-d (mf).

mf jaegeri Moradmand, 2013....................Botswana, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046021]
E. j. Moradmand, 2013: 50, f. 29a-e, 30a-d, 54a, 64a, d (Dmf).

mf jocquei Moradmand, 2013....................Zimbabwe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046024]
E. j. Moradmand, 2013: 58, f. 35a-e, 36a-c, 55a-b, 64c, f (Dmf).

mf kronebergi Denis, 1958....................Afghanistan, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045500]
E. k. Denis, 1958b: 99, f. 26-28 (Dmf).
E. k. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2466, f. 11A-G (removed mf from S of S. walckenaeri, contra Levy, 1989: 132)
E. k. Moradmand, 2013: 69, f. 67e-f (mf).

mf laevatus (Simon, 1897)....................Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Arabian Peninsula [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:029233]
Sparassus l. Simon, 1897f: 388 (Df).
Olios l. Roewer, 1955c: 695.
E. l. Moradmand, 2013: 16, f. 4a-c, 5a-e, 6a-d, 47a-c, 59c-d (Tf from Olios, Dm).
E. l. El-Hennawy, 2014: 34, f. 12-14 (f).

j laterifuscus Strand, 1908....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028803]
E. l. Strand, 1908d: 5 (Dj; N.B.: misplaced in this genus per Moradmand, 2013: 73).

mf letourneuxi (Simon, 1874)....................Algeria, Tunisia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028804]
Sparassus l. Simon, 1874b: 252, pl. 5, f. 8 (Dm).
E. l. Strand, 1908i: 19.
E. dufouri kabylianus Denis, 1937b: 1050 (Dmf).
E. l. Denis, 1938c: 388 (Sf).
E. l. Denis, 1947a: 50, pl. II, f. 13 (f).
Sparassus l. Levy, 1989: 137, f. 24-26 (f).
E. l. Moradmand, 2013: 39, f. 22a-c, 23a-f, 49e-f, 61e-f (mf).

mf levantinus Urones, 2006....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040681]
E. l. Urones, 2006: 108, f. 25-43 (Dmf).
E. l. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2450, f. 4A-G, 23D (mf).
E. l. Moradmand, 2013: 24, f. 48c-f, 60c-d (mf).

mf maynardi (Pocock, 1901)....................Palistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045501]
Sparassus m. Pocock, 1901d: 490 (Dmf).
E. m. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2485, f. 21A-E (f, removed from S of E. xerxes).
E. m. Moradmand, 2013: 69, f. 58c, 66f (f).

mf mesopotamicus Moradmand & Jäger, 2012....................Iran, Iraq [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045498]
E. m. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2459, f. 7A-E, 8A-E (Dmf).
E. m. Moradmand, 2013: 69, f. 68a-b (mf).

mf oculatus (Kroneberg, 1875)....................Central Asia to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028808]
Sparassus o. Kroneberg, 1875: 29, pl. 5, f. 45 (Dmf).
E. o. Denis, 1958b: 102, f. 30 (f).
Sparassus o. Levy, 1989: 136, f. 28-29 (f).
E. o. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2473, f. 15A-E, 16A-E (mf).
E. o. Moradmand, 2013: 69, f. 58e-f, 68c-d (mf).

mf oraniensis (Lucas, 1846)....................North Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028809]
Olios o. Lucas, 1846: 201, pl. 11, f. 9 (Df).
Sparassus currax Blackwall, 1858a: 429 (Df).
Sparassus o. Simon, 1874b: 255 (Dm).
E. argelasius maximus Strand, 1906b: 630 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028798].
E. o. Strand, 1908i: 23.
E. argelasius o. Simon, 1909b: 31.
E. dufouri o. Denis, 1947a: 49, pl. 2, f. 12 (f).
Sparassus o. Levy, 1989: 137, f. 21 (f, elevated from subspecies).
E. o. Moradmand, 2013: 32, f. 17a-c, 18a-e, 19a-b, 50a-c, 62a-b (mf, S).

f pearsoni (Pocock, 1901)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045502]
Sparassus pearsoni Pocock, 1901d: 492 (Df).
E. p. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2488, f. 22A-E (removed f from S of E. xerxes).
E. p. Moradmand, 2013: 44, f. 52e-f, 63e-f (f).

mf perezi (Simon, 1902)....................Somalia, Djibouti, Arabian Peninsula [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028764]
Cercetius p. Simon, 1902e: 253 (Dj; N.B.: see Jäger & Kunz, 2005: 170).
Cercetius p. Moradmand, 2013: 70, f. 42a-e, 43a-d, 57a-c, 66a-b, e (Dmf).

f pontii Caporiacco, 1935....................India, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028811]
E. p. Caporiacco, 1935b: 216, pl. 6, f. 4 (Df).
E. p. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2479, f. 18A-E (f).
E. p. Moradmand, 2013: 69, f. 56e-f, 66g (f).

mf potanini (Simon, 1895)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028812]
Sparassus p. Simon, 1895c: 340 (Dm).
E. p. Reimoser, 1919: 200.
Heteropoda nanjianensis Hu & Fu, 1985: 86, f. 1-7 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028806].
Heteropoda nanjiangensis Hu & Wu, 1989: 310, f. 248.1-7 (mf, invalid emendation).
Sparassus nanjianensis Levy, 1989: 134 (Tmf from Heteropoda, may be S of E. walckenaeri).
E. nanjianensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 467, f. 268H, K (mf).
E. p. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2476, f. 17A-G (m, Sf).
E. p. Moradmand, 2013: 69, f. 68e-f (mf).

mf reverentia Moradmand, 2013....................Burkina Faso, Nigeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046020]
E. r. Moradmand, 2013: 47, f. 27a-e, 28a-d, 53a-c, 63c-d (Dmf).

mf schoemanae Moradmand, 2013....................Namibia, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046022]
E. s. Moradmand, 2013: 53, f. 31a-e, 32a-c, 33a-b, 54b-c, 64b, e (Dmf).

f shefteli Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028817]
E. s. Chamberlin, 1916: 264, pl. 20, f. 7-8, pl. 21, f. 1 (Df; N.B.: misplaced in this genus, see Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2441).

f syrticus Simon, 1909....................Tunisia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028819]
E. argelasius s. Simon, 1909b: 30 (Df).
E. dufouri s. Denis, 1945b: 54.
Sparassus s. Levy, 1989: 137, f. 22-23 (f, elevated from subspecies of E. dufouri, misidentified, =E. atlanticus).
E. s. Moradmand, 2013: 42, f. 24a-e, 51c-d, 62c (f).

mf tuckeri Lawrence, 1927....................Angola, Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:029351]
Olios t. Lawrence, 1927: 42, pl. 3, f. 67 (Dm).
Olios furcatus Lawrence, 1927: 41, pl. 2, f. 29, pl. 3, f. 68 (Df; not m, pl. 3, f. 68, misplaced) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:029204].
E. t. Moradmand, 2013: 61, f. 37a-e, 38a-c, 39a-c, 56b, 65a-b (Tm from Olios, Sf).

mf vestigator (Simon, 1897)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:029356]
Sparassus v. Simon, 1897f: 389 (Dm).
E. rufobrunneus Caporiacco, 1941b: 109, f. 40 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028814].
Olios v. Roewer, 1955c: 697.
E. v. Moradmand, 2013: 44, f. 25a-e, 26a-d, 52a-d, 63a-b (Tm from Olios, Df, S).

mf walckenaeri (Audouin, 1826)....................Algeria to Iraq [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028821]
Philodromus walckenaerii Audouin, 1826: 300, pl. 6, f. 1 (Df).
Philodromus linnaei Audouin, 1826: 300, pl. 6, f. 2 (Dm).
Drassus civilis Reuss, 1834: 207 (Df).
Ocypete tersa C. L. Koch, 1837a: 83, f. 305 (Df).
Ocypete tersa C. L. Koch, 1845: 39, f. 980-981 (f, Dm).
Sparassus cambridgii Simon, 1874b: 257 (Df).
Sparassus validus Thorell, 1875b: 80 (Df).
Sparassus validus Thorell, 1875c: 124 (Df).
Sparassus cognatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 588 (Dj).
Sparassus extensipes Karsch, 1880c: 383, pl. 12, f. 12 (Dm).
Sparassus w. Pavesi, 1880b: 364.
Sparassus tersus Simon, 1880a: 291.
Sparassus w. Simon, 1880a: 292 (m).
Sparassus fontanieri Simon, 1880a: 294 (Dm).
Sparassus linnaei Kulczyn'ski, 1901a: 43 (Df).
E. w. Strand, 1908i: 24.
E. tersus Järvi, 1914: 57, 173, f. 49, pl. 4, f. 4-8 (f).
Heteropoda civilis Strand, 1916b: 36.
E. w. Denis, 1947a: 50, pl. 2, f. 14-16 (mf).
Sparassus w. Levy, 1989: 132, f. 3-18 (mf, S).
E. walckenaerii Saaristo, 2010: 217, f. 32.4-8 (mf).
E. w. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2453, f. 1B, 5A-G, 6A-G, 23A (mf).
E. w. Moradmand, 2013: 11, f. 1a-f, 2a-c, 3a-d, 44a-d, 45a-d, 46a-e, 59a-b (mf).

mf xerxes (Pocock, 1901)....................United Arab Emirates, Iran, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:029361]
Sparassus x. Pocock, 1901d: 489 (Df).
Olios x. Gravely, 1931: 240, f. 5A, 6A (mf).
Olios x. Sethi & Tikader, 1988: 35, f. 157-162 (mf).
E. x. Moradmand & Jäger, 2012a: 2481, f. 19A-F, 20A-D, 23D (Tmf from Olios).
E. x. Moradmand, 2013: 69, f. 56c-d, 66c-d (mf).