The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Eustala Simon, 1895 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01480]

Transferred to other genera:
E. aethiopica Roewer, 1961 -- see Araneus.
E. cucurbitoria Yin et al., 1990 -- see Cyclosa.
E. decemtuberculata Caporiacco, 1955 -- see Parawixia.
E. hirsuta Mello-Leitão, 1942 -- see Ocrepeira.
E. isosceles Mello-Leitão, 1939 -- see Kapogea.
E. lactea Mello-Leitão, 1944 -- see Araneus.
E. marginata Mello-Leitão, 1942 -- see Ocrepeira.
E. seditiosa (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Metepeira.
E. tuceps Chamberlin, 1925 -- see Metazygia.

In synonymy:
E. abdita Chickering, 1955 = E. californiensis (Keyserling, 1885) (Levi, 1977a: 104).
E. anastera buliafera Chamberlin, 1924 = E. conchlea (McCook, 1888) (Levi, 1977a: 122, contra Chickering, 1955: 414).
E. anastera leuca Chamberlin, 1924 = E. conchlea (McCook, 1888) (Levi, 1977a: 122, contra Chickering, 1955: 414).
E. anastera vermiformis Franganillo, 1931 = E. fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864) (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. arkansana Archer, 1951 = E. emertoni (Banks, 1904) (Levi, 1977a: 120).
E. diegensis (Schenkel, 1950, T from Araneus) = E. californiensis (Keyserling, 1885) (Levi, 1977a: 104).
E. gertschi Chickering, 1955 = E. conformans Chamberlin, 1925 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. hirta (Taczanowski, 1873, T from Nephilengys) = E. fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864) (Kuntner & Levi, 2007: 446).
E. longembola Chickering, 1955 = E. ingenua Chickering, 1955 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 223).
E. mexicana Chickering, 1955 = E. californiensis (Keyserling, 1885) (Levi, 1977a: 104).
E. minima Chickering, 1955 = E. tantula Chickering (Levi & Santos, 2013: 223, contra Levi, 1977a: 101).
E. montana Chickering, 1955 = E. montivaga Chickering, 1955 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 223).
E. orina (Chamberlin, 1916) = E. guianensis (Taczanowski, 1873) (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. panamana Chickering, 1955 = E. bucolica Chickering, 1955 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. parvula (Keyserling, 1864, removed from S of E. anastera) = E. cepina (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1977a: 118).
E. procurva Franganillo, 1936 = E. fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864) (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. richardsi Mello-Leitão, 1939 = E. fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864) (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. sanguinosa (Keyserling, 1893) = E. albiventer (Keyserling, 1884) (Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 156).
E. tumida Chickering, 1955 = E. nasuta Mello-Leitão, 1939 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. venusta Chickering, 1955 = E. histrio Mello-Leitão, 1948 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).

Nomen dubium:
E. petasata (Walckenaer, 1841: 70, f, USA, originally in Epeira, T from Araneus) -- Levi, 1977a: 120.

f albicans Caporiacco, 1954....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015909]
E. a. Caporiacco, 1954: 88, f. 16 (Df).

mf albiventer (Keyserling, 1884)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015910]
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1884b: 651, pl. 21, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1892: 157, pl. 8, f. 115 (f).
Epeira sanguinosa Keyserling, 1893: 225, pl. 11, f. 167 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015977].
Araneus a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 278.
Araneus sanguinosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 314.
E. sanguinosa Roewer, 1942a: 766.
Metazygia a. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 186 (Tf from Araneus).
E. a. Levi, 1991a: 178 (Tf from Metazygia).
E. a. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 155, f. 20-24 (f, Dm, S).

mf anastera (Walckenaer, 1841) *....................North, Central America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015911]
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 33 (Df).
Epeira eustala Walckenaer, 1841: 37 (Df).
Epeira apotroga Walckenaer, 1841: 43 (Df).
Epeira spatulata Walckenaer, 1841: 44 (Df).
Epeira illustrata Walckenaer, 1841: 45 (Dm).
Epeira decolorata Walckenaer, 1841: 49 (Dmf).
Epeira vivida Walckenaer, 1841: 54 (Df).
Epeira triflex Walckenaer, 1841: 60 (Dm).
Epeira trinotata Walckenaer, 1841: 75 (Df).
Epeira subfusca Walckenaer, 1841: 76 (Df).
Epeira prompta Hentz, 1847: 473, pl. 31, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira hebes Hentz, 1847: 473, pl. 31, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira bombycinaria Hentz, 1847: 476, pl. 31, f. 16 (Df).
Epeira bombycinaria Keyserling, 1892: 145, pl. 7, f. 107 (mf).
Epeira a. McCook, 1894: 172, pl. 8, f. 1-4 (mf).
E. a. Simon, 1895a: 795, f. 860 (f).
E. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 506, pl. 48, f. 7-8 (mf).
E. a. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 331, f. 215 (f).
E. a. Comstock, 1940: 524, f. 549-554 (f).
E. a. Muma, 1943: 92, pl. XIII, f. 18 (f).
E. a. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 102 (S E. conchlea, rejected).
E. a. Kaston, 1948: 233, f. 706-709, 727 (f).
E. a. Archer, 1951a: 19, f. 46 (m).
E. a. Chickering, 1955: 414, f. 24-29 (mf, S, rejected).
E. a. Levi, 1977a: 114, f. 205-232, 280-285, 298-302, 314-315 (mf).
E. a. Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 60 (m).
E. a. Breene et al., 1993: 104, f. 155A-C (mf).
E. a. Levi, 2002: 533, f. 13-15, 208-210 (mf).
E. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 46, f. 308-310 (mf).
E. a. Dondale et al., 2003: 267, f. 600-611 (mf).

j andina Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015913]
E. a. Chamberlin, 1916: 245 (Dj).

mf bacelarae Caporiacco, 1955....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015914]
E. b. Caporiacco, 1955: 340, f. 27a-d (Dmf).

m banksi Chickering, 1955....................Mexico, Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015915]
E. b. Chickering, 1955: 417, f. 30-34 (Dm).

mf belissima Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044011]
E. b. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 267, f. 4-9 (Dmf).

mf bifida F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................USA to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015916]
E. b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 507, pl. 48, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
Epeira b. Banks, 1909a: 212.
E. b. Chickering, 1955: 421, f. 35-40 (mf).
E. b. Levi, 1977a: 108, f. 167-175, 178 (mf).

mf bisetosa Bryant, 1945....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015917]
E. b. Bryant, 1945a: 370, f. 5-6 (Dmf).

mf brevispina Gertsch & Davis, 1936....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015918]
E. b. Gertsch & Davis, 1936: 12, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
E. b. Levi, 1977a: 106, f. 149-158 (mf).

mf bucolica Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015919]
E. b. Chickering, 1955: 425, f. 41-44 (Dm).
E. panamana Chickering, 1955: 480, f. 103-105 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015965].
E. b. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (Sf).

mf californiensis (Keyserling, 1885)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015920]
Cyrtophora c. Keyserling, 1885: 525, pl. 13, f. 24 (Df).
Cyrtophora c. Keyserling, 1893: 263, pl. 13, f. 106 (f).
Epeira bucardia McCook, 1894: 183, pl. 9, f. 4 (Df).
Araneus diegensis Schenkel, 1950b: 67, f. 23a-c (Df).
E. abdita Chickering, 1955: 410, f. 19-23 (Dm).
E. mexicana Chickering, 1955: 465, f. 88-89 (Df).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 104, f. 138-148 (Tf from Cyrtophora, Sm).

m cameronensis Gertsch & Davis, 1936....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015921]
E. c. Gertsch & Davis, 1936: 13, f. 13 (Dm).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 112, f. 189-191 (m).

mf cazieri Levi, 1977....................USA, Bahama Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015922]
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 102, f. 128-137 (Dmf).

mf cepina (Walckenaer, 1841)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015923]
Epeira c. Walckenaer, 1841: 37 (Df).
Epeira parvula Keyserling, 1864: 131, pl. 6, f. 9-10 (Df).
Epeira parvula Emerton, 1884: 317, pl. 34, f. 12, pl. 37, f. 1, 2 (f, Dm).
Epeira parvula Emerton, 1902: 179, f. 416-418 (mf).
E. c. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 103 (removed from S of E. anastera).
E. arkansana Archer, 1951a: 19, f. 47 (f, misidentified).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 118, f. 233-252, 286-290, 303-308, 316 (f, Dm, S).
E. c. Breene et al., 1993: 104, f. 156A-C (mf).
E. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 271, f. 622-631 (mf).
E. c. Paquin et al., 2008c: 29, f. 6-8 (mf).

mf clavispina (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................USA to El Salvador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015924]
Epeira c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 37, pl. 7, f. 11 (Df).
Epeira c. Keyserling, 1892: 102, pl. 5, f. 75 (Dm).
Amamra nigromaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1895a: 155, pl. 19, f. 5 (Df).
E. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 509, pl. 48, f. 19 (f).
E. c. Chickering, 1955: 428, f. 45-48 (f).
E. c. Kraus, 1955b: 21, f. 51-52 (f).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 106, f. 159-166, 176-177 (f, Dm).

mf conchlea (McCook, 1888)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015925]
Epeira parvula c. McCook, 1888b: 199, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira anastera c. McCook, 1894: 174, pl. 8, f. 1n (f).
E. anastera buliafera Chamberlin, 1924b: 650 (Df).
E. anastera leuca Chamberlin, 1924b: 650 (Df).
E. anastera Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 102 (S, rejected).
E. anastera Chickering, 1955: 414 (S, rejected).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 122, f. 269-279, 296, 312, 318 (mf, elevated from subspecies, S).

mf conformans Chamberlin, 1925....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015926]
E. c. Chamberlin, 1925d: 216 (Df).
E. c. Chickering, 1955: 430, f. 49-50 (f).
E. gertschi Chickering, 1955: 440, f. 59-62 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015937].
E. c. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (Sm).

mf crista Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044012]
E. c. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 268, f. 10-15 (Dmf).

m delasmata Bryant, 1945....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015928]
E. d. Bryant, 1945a: 372, f. 11 (Dm).

m delecta Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015929]
E. d. Chickering, 1955: 431, f. 51-54 (Dm).

mf devia (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936)....................USA to Panama, West Indies [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015930]
Neosconella d. Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 16, f. 38 (Df).
E. d. Levi, 1973: 487 (Tf from Araneus).
E. d. Levi, 1977a: 101, f. 118-127 (f, Dm, S, rejected).

mf eleuthera Levi, 1977....................USA, Bahama Is., Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015931]
E. e. Levi, 1977a: 111, f. 179-188 (Dmf).

mf emertoni (Banks, 1904)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015932]
Epeira e. Banks, 1904a: 111 (Df; N.B.: preoccupied by a fossil species in Epeira, but the two species are not currently considered congeneric).
Araneus e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 291.
E. anastera e. Archer, 1940: 55 (Tmf from Araneus, placed as subspecies).
E. triflex Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 103 (removed from S of E. anastera, misidentified).
E. arkansana Archer, 1951a: 19, f. 44 only (Dm; f. 47, f=E. cepina).
E. triflex Archer, 1951a: 19, f. 45 (m, misidentified).
E. e. Levi, 1977a: 120, f. 253-268, 291-295, 309-311, 317 (elevated f from subspecies of E. anastera, Sm).
E. e. Dondale et al., 2003: 269, f. 612-621 (mf).

m essequibensis (Hingston, 1932)....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015933]
Epeira e. Hingston, 1932: 366 (Dm).
Singa e. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 171 (Tm from Araneus).
Wixia e. Levi, 1991a: 179 (Tm from Singa).
E. e. Levi, 1995b: 209 (Tm from Wixia).

m exigua Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015934]
E. e. Chickering, 1955: 435, f. 55-58 (Dm).

f fragilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015935]
Epeira f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 23, pl. 4, f. 18 (Df).
Epeira f. Keyserling, 1892: 186, pl. 9, f. 137 (f).
E. f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 509, pl. 48, f. 18 (f).

mf fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864)....................Mexico, Cuba to South America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015936]
Epeira fusco-vittata Keyserling, 1864: 129, pl. 6, f. 7-8 (Df).
Nephila hirta Taczanowski, 1873: 149 (Df).
Epeira f. Keyserling, 1893: 251, pl. 13, f. 187 (f, Dm).
Cyclosa thorelli McCook, 1894: 228, pl. 19, f. 11 (Df).
Epeira caudata Banks, 1898b: 255, pl. 15, f. 5 (Df).
E. f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 505, pl. 48, f. 3-4 (mf).
E. anastera vermiformis Franganillo, 1931: 44 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015912].
E. procurva Franganillo, 1936c: 80, f. 37a-b (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015969].
E. richardsi Mello-Leitão, 1939g: 105, f. 1-4 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015971].
Nephilengys hirta Roewer, 1942a: 934.
E. fusco-vittata Chickering, 1955: 398, f. A-B, 1-5 (mf).
E. f. Grasshoff, 1970b: 216, f. 2a-c (mf).
E. f. Kuntner & Levi, 2007: 446, f. 1-3 (f, S).
E. f. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (S).

mf gonygaster (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Brazil, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015938]
Argyopes g. C. L. Koch, 1838: 43, f. 365 (Df).
E. g. Simon, 1895a: 789.
E. g. Caporiacco, 1948a: 660, f. 68-69 (Dm).

mf guianensis (Taczanowski, 1873)....................Peru, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015939]
Singa g. Taczanowski, 1873: 124 (Df).
Epeira g. Taczanowski, 1878b: 160, pl. 2, f. 11 (f, Dm).
E. g. Simon, 1895a: 789.
Aranea orina Chamberlin, 1916: 248, pl. 19, f. 3 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015963].
E. orina Levi, 1991a: 177 (Tm from Araneus).
E. g. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (S).

mf guttata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................Mexico to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015940]
E. g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 508, pl. 48, f. 13-14 (Dmf).
E. g. Camargo, 1953: 309, f. 6, 8, 31-34, 48 (m).
E. g. Chickering, 1955: 442, f. 63-68 (mf).
E. g. Kraus, 1955b: 22, f. 53 (f).

f histrio Mello-Leitão, 1948....................Panama, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015941]
E. h. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 165, f. 8 (Df).
E. venusta Chickering, 1955: 515, f. 139-140 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015996].
E. h. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (S).

mf illicita (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015942]
Epeira i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 17, pl. 6, f. 16 (Df).
Epeira cambridgii Keyserling, 1893: 255, pl. 13, f. 190 (Df).
E. i. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 506, pl. 48, f. 5, 6 (f, Dm).
E. i. Chickering, 1955: 401, f. 6-11 (mf).

m inconstans Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015943]
E. i. Chickering, 1955: 446, f. 69-72 (Dm).

mf ingenua Chickering, 1955....................Guatemala to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015944]
E. i. Chickering, 1955: 449, f. 73 (Df).
E. longembola Chickering, 1955: 458, f. 81-85 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015950].
E. i. Levi & Santos, 2013: 223 (Sm).

f innoxia Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015945]
E. i. Chickering, 1955: 452, f. 74-76 (Df).

mf itapocuensis Strand, 1916....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015947]
E. i. Strand, 1916b: 107 (Dm).
E. i. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 270, f. 16-21 (m, Df).

f lata Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015948]
E. l. Chickering, 1955: 454, f. 77 (Df).

f latebricola (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015949]
Epeira l. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 31, pl. 8, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1892: 150, pl. 7, f. 110 (f).
E. l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 508, pl. 48, f. 15 (f).
E. l. Chickering, 1955: 457, f. 78-80 (f).

mf levii Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043573]
E. l. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 151, f. 8-13 (Dmf).

mf lunulifera Mello-Leitão, 1939....................French Guiana, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015951]
E. l. Mello-Leitão, 1939g: 108, f. 7-8 (Df).
E. l. Caporiacco, 1954: 90, f. 17 (Dm).

f maxima Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015952]
E. m. Chickering, 1955: 461, f. 86-87 (Df).

mf meridionalis Baert, 2014....................Galapagos Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046986]
E. m. Baert, 2014b: 12, f. 4A-C, 5B, 6B (Dmf).

m mimica Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015953]
E. m. Chickering, 1955: 467, f. 90-93 (Dm).

mf minuscula (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015954]
Epeira m. Keyserling, 1892: 140, pl. 7, f. 103 (Dmf).
E. m. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 179 (Tmf from Mangora, after Mello-Leitão, 1919).

f monticola Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015956]
E. m. Chamberlin, 1916: 246, pl. 18, f. 7 (Df).

mf montivaga Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015957]
E. m. Chickering, 1955: 478, f. 101-102 (Df).
E. montana Chickering, 1955: 474, f. 97-100 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015955].
E. m. Levi & Santos, 2013: 223 (Sm).

mf mourei Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015958]
E. m. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 241, f. 9-10 (Dmf).

mf mucronatella (Roewer, 1942)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015041]
Epeira mucronata L. Koch, 1871: 74, pl. 6, f. 2-3 (Dmf; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1862).
Aranea m. Roewer, 1942a: 830 (replacement name).
E. m. Framenau, Scharff & Levi, 2009: 26, f. 4A-H (Tmf from Araneus).

mf nasuta Mello-Leitão, 1939....................Panama, Guyana, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015959]
E. n. Mello-Leitão, 1939g: 107, f. 5-6 (Df).
E. tumida Chickering, 1955: 508, f. 131-132 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015990].
E. n. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 273, f. 32-33 (Dm).
E. n. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (S).

f nigerrima Mello-Leitão, 1940....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015960]
E. n. Mello-Leitão, 1940d: 205 (Df).

f novemmamillata Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015961]
E. 9-mamillata Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 212, f. 16-17 (Df).
E. n. Brignoli, 1983c: 270.

mf oblonga Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015962]
E. o. Chickering, 1955: 404, f. 12-18 (Dmf).

mf occidentalis Baert, 2014....................Galapagos Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046984]
E. o. Baert, 2014b: 3, f. 1A-E, 2A-F, 5A, 6A (Dmf).

mf orientalis Baert, 2014....................Galapagos Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046985]
E. o. Baert, 2014b: 9, f. 3A-E, 5C, 6C (Dmf).

f pallida Mello-Leitão, 1940....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015964]
E. p. Mello-Leitão, 1940h: 25, f. 2-3 (Df).

mf palmares Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010....................Brazil, Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043574]
E. p. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 152, f. 14-19 (Dmf).

mf perdita Bryant, 1945....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015966]
E. p. Bryant, 1945a: 373, f. 4, 9 (Dmf).

mf perfida Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015967]
E. p. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 243, f. 11 (Df).
E. p. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 271, f. 22-26 (f, Dm).

mf photographica Mello-Leitão, 1944....................Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015968]
E. p. Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 329, f. 13-14 (Df).
E. p. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 158, f. 30-34 (f, Dm).

f redundans Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015970]
E. r. Chickering, 1955: 484, f. 106-107 (Df).

mf rosae Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015972]
E. r. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 22, pl. 15, f. 124 (Df).
E. r. Gertsch & Davis, 1936: 14, f. 11-12 (f, Dm).
E. r. Levi, 1977a: 112, f. 192-204, 297, 313 (f, Dm; m of Gertsch & Davis, 1936 =E. clavispina).

f rubroguttulata (Keyserling, 1879)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015973]
Larinia r. Keyserling, 1879: 314, pl. 4, f. 15 (Df).
Larinia r. Keyserling, 1893: 292, pl. 15, f. 216 (f).
Araneus rubroguttulatus Grasshoff, 1970b: 218 (Tf from Larinia).
E. r. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 246 (Tf from Araneus).

mf rustica Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015974]
E. r. Chickering, 1955: 486, f. 108-113 (Dmf).

mf saga (Keyserling, 1893)....................Brazil, Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015975]
Epeira s. Keyserling, 1893: 253, pl. 13, f. 188 (Dmf).
Araneus sagus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
E. s. Roewer, 1942a: 766.

mf sagana (Keyserling, 1893)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015976]
Epeira s. Keyserling, 1893: 254, pl. 13, f. 189 (Dmf).
Araneus saganus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 314.
E. s. Roewer, 1942a: 766.

m scitula Chickering, 1955....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015978]
E. s. Chickering, 1955: 492, f. 114-117 (Dm).

mf scutigera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898)....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015979]
Epeira s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 243, pl. 33, f. 8 (Df).
Epeira nava O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 300, pl. 37, f. 5 (Df).
E. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 508, pl. 48, f. 11-12 (f, Dm).
E. s. Chickering, 1955: 496, f. 118-123 (mf).

mf secta Mello-Leitão, 1945....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015980]
E. s. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 238, f. 11 (Df).
E. s. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 272, f. 27-31 (f, Dm).

f sedula Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015981]
E. s. Chickering, 1955: 500, f. 124-126 (Df).

f semifoliata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899)....................Central America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015982]
Epeira s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 301, pl. 36, f. 3 (Df).
E. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 510, pl. 48, f. 21 (f).
E. s. Chickering, 1955: 502, f. 127 (f).

f smaragdinea (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015983]
Epeira s. Taczanowski, 1878b: 161, pl. 2, f. 12 (Df).
E. s. Simon, 1895a: 789.

mf tantula Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015984]
E. t. Chickering, 1955: 505, f. 128-130 (Dm).
E. minima Chickering, 1955: 471, f. 94-96 (Df).
E. t. Levi & Santos, 2013: 223 (Sf).

mf taquara (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015985]
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1892: 143, pl. 7, f. 105 (Df).
Araneus t. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 318.
E. t. Roewer, 1942a: 766.
E. t. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 157, f. 25-29 (f, Dm).

f tribrachiata Badcock, 1932....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015986]
E. t. Badcock, 1932: 20, f. 15 (Df).

mf tridentata (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015987]
Argyopes tridentatus C. L. Koch, 1838: 41, f. 363-364 (Dmf).
Epeira argyopes Walckenaer, 1841: 132 (Dmf).
E. t. Simon, 1895a: 795.
E. t. Caporiacco, 1954: 92, f. 18, 18a (mf).

f trinitatis (Hogg, 1918)....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015988]
Araneus t. Hogg, 1918: 166, f. 1 (Df).
E. t. Levi, 1991a: 178 (Tf from Araneus).

f tristis (Blackwall, 1862)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015989]
Epeira t. Blackwall, 1862b: 436 (Df).
Araneus t. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 321.
E. t. Roewer, 1942a: 767.

f ulecebrosa (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015991]
Epeira u. Keyserling, 1892: 104, pl. 5, f. 77 (Df).
Araneus ulecebrosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 321.
E. u. Mello-Leitão, 1919: 470.

f uncicurva Franganillo, 1936....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015992]
E. u. Franganillo, 1936c: 80 (Df).

mf unimaculata Franganillo, 1930....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015993]
E. u. Franganillo, 1930: 22 (Df).
E. u. Bryant, 1936b: 327, pl. 23, f. 1, 5 (Dm).

mf vegeta (Keyserling, 1865)....................Mexico to Brazil, Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015994]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1865: 819, pl. 19, f. 31-34 (Dmf).
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1892: 144, pl. 7, f. 106 (mf).
Acacesia v. Simon, 1895a: 789, f. 858-859 (m).
E. v. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 509, pl. 48, f. 16-17 (mf).
E. v. Bryant, 1945a: 374, f. 7 (m).
E. v. Chickering, 1955: 511, f. 133-138 (mf).

f vellardi Mello-Leitão, 1924....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015995]
E. v. Mello-Leitão, 1924a: 279 (Df).

mf viridipedata (Roewer, 1942)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015997]
Epeira viridipes Taczanowski, 1878b: 155, pl. 1, f. 8 (Dmf; preoccupied by Doleschall, 1859).
Araneus viridipes Petrunkevitch, 1911: 324.
Aranea v. Roewer, 1942a: 856 (replacement name).
E. v. Levi, 1991a: 177 (Tmf from Araneus).

f wiedenmeyeri Schenkel, 1953....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015998]
E. w. Schenkel, 1953a: 21, f. 19a-b (Df).