The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Gibbaranea Archer, 1951 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01487]

G. Archer, 1951b: 4, type Araneus bituberculatus (Walckenaer, 1802); considered valid by Grasshoff, 1976: 148..

In synonymy:
G. canestrinii (Thorell, 1873, T from Araneus) = G. bituberculata (Walckenaer, 1802) (Brignoli, 1983b: 564).
G. melo (Krynicki, 1837, T from Araneus) = G. bituberculata (Walckenaer, 1802) (Marusik, 1985b: 138).

mf abscissa (Karsch, 1879)....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016118]
Epeira a. Karsch, 1879g: 69 (Df).
Aranea a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 225, pl. 11, f. 214 (f, Dm).
Araneus a. Saito, 1934b: 328.
Atea abcissa Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 40 (Tmf from Araneus, rejected).
Araneus a. Saito, 1959: 85, f. 87a-b (f).
Araneus abscissus Yaginuma, 1960: 53, f. 49 (f).
Araneus abscissus Namkung, 1964: 37, f. 24 (f).
Araneus abscissus Yaginuma, 1971: 53, f. 49 (f).
Araneus abscissus Yaginuma, 1972a: 53, f. 17-18 (mf).
Araneus abscissus Yaginuma, 1986a: 97, f. 51.3 (mf).
Araneus abscissus Song, 1987: 158, f. 119 (mf).
Araneus abscissus Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 53, f. 1-3 (f).
Araneus abscissus Chikuni, 1989b: 67, f. 18 (mf).
G. abscissus Yin et al., 1997d: 303, f. 210a-e (Tmf from Araneus).
G. abscissus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 169E-G, N, Q (mf).
G. abscissus Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 205, f. 123A-C (mf).
G. a. Namkung, 2002: 257, f. 19.19a-b (mf).
G. abscissus Kim & Kim, 2002: 208, f. 47, 128-129, 242-244 (mf).
G. a. Namkung, 2003: 258, f. 19.18a-b (mf).
G. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 76, f. 210-211, 633-634 (mf).
G. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 450, f. 212-213 (mf).

m bifida Guo, Zhang & Zhu, 2011....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044211]
G. b. Guo, Zhang & Zhu, 2011a: 214, f. 6-8 (Dm).

mf bituberculata (Walckenaer, 1802) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016119]
Aranea abdomine bicorni Lepechin, 1774: 245, pl. 16, f. 13 (f; unavailable trinomen).
Aranea bicornuta Martini & Goeze, in Lister, 1778: 263 (D for species of Lepechin, 1774; nomen oblitum).
Aranea bicornis Gmelin, 1789: 2959 (D for species of Lepechin, 1774; nomen oblitum).
Aranea b. Walckenaer, 1802: 191 (Df).
Aranea dromaderia Walckenaer, 1802: 191 (Df).
Aranea albo-arcuata Panzer, 1804b: 156, pl. 172, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira b. Walckenaer, 1805: 58.
Epeira dromaderia Walckenaer, 1805: 58.
Epeira furcata Walckenaer, 1826: pl. 9, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira lepechini Krynicki, 1837: 78 (Df).
Epeira melo Krynicki, 1837: 81 (Df).
Epeira dromaderia Walckenaer, 1841: 126 (Dm).
Epeira dromedaria C. L. Koch, 1844: 98, f. 906-907 (mf, in part).
Epeira bicornis Menge, 1866: 66, pl. 10, f. 13 (m).
Epeira ornata Canestrini, 1868: 200 (Dm; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1850).
Epeira canestrinii Thorell, 1873: 491, 549 (replacement name for E. ornata Canestrini, 1868) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014773].
Epeira dromedaria Menge, 1879: 560, pl. 91, f. 322 (m).
Epeira dromedaria Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 129, pl. 5, f. 3 (mf).
Epeira dromedaria Becker, 1896: 14, pl. 3, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira ullrichi Bösenberg, 1901: 28, pl. 1, f. 10 (Dmf).
Epeira dromedaria O. P.-Cambridge, 1909a: 111, pl. A, f. 15-17 (f).
Araneus dromedarius Lessert, 1910b: 309.
Araneus bituberculatus Simon, 1929: 699, 765, f. 1088-1090 (mf).
Araneus ornatus Simon, 1929: 765.
Epeira dromedaria Reimoser, 1931b: 84, f. 1 (mf).
Aranea b. Wiehle, 1931: 61, f. 87-90 (mf).
Aranea b. Drensky, 1943: 241, f. 16 (mf).
G. b. Archer, 1951b: 4 (Tmf from Araneus).
G. dromedaria Archer, 1951c: 2, f. 3 (m).
Araneus bituberculatus Tullgren, 1952: 168, f. 13a-d (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 123, f. 80A, 81A, 82A (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Yaginuma, 1969c: 81, f. 4-5 (f).
Araneus bituberculatus Tyschchenko, 1971: 194, f. 568 (m).
Araneus bituberculatus Miller, 1971: 208, pl. XXXIX, f. 1-2 (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Loksa, 1972: 76, f. 66A-E (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Bakhvalov, 1974: 112, f. 98, 100, 102 (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Palmgren, 1974a: 19, f. 8k-n (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Punda, 1975b: 32, f. 41-42 (f).
Araneus bituberculatus Yaginuma, Yamaguchi & Nishikawa, 1976: 826, f. 4-5 (f).
Araneus bituberculatus Tikader & Bal, 1981: 51, f. 111-144 (f).
Araneus bituberculatus Tikader, 1982a: 231, f. 448-451 (f).
G. b. Brignoli, 1983b: 564 (S).
G. b. Marusik, 1985b: 138 (S).
G. b. Roberts, 1985: 206, f. 92a (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Hu & Wu, 1989: 86, f. 63.1-4 (f).
G. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 82, f. 185 (mf).
G. b. Thaler, 1991b: 53, f. 31, 34-35 (m).
G. b. Roberts, 1995: 315, f. (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Mcheidze, 1997: 268, f. 592-593 (m).
G. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 304, f. 211a-d (f).
G. b. Levy, 1998a: 331, f. 80-87 (mf).
G. b. Roberts, 1998: 329, f. (mf).
G. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 169H-J, R (f).
G. b. Hu, 2001: 458, f. 300.1-3 (f).
G. b. Almquist, 2005: 159, f. 167a-b (f).
G. b. Tanikawa, 2007c: 76, f. 212, 635-636 (mf).
G. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 450, f. 214-215 (mf).

f bituberculata cuculligera (Simon, 1909)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016120]
Araneus dromedarius cucuiilger Simon, 1909b: 25 (Df).

f bituberculata strandiana (Kolosváry, 1936)....................Eastern Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016121]
Aranea b. s. Kolosváry, 1936a: 97, f. 16 (Df).

mf gibbosa (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Europe to Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016122]
Aranea g. Walckenaer, 1802: 190 (Df).
Aranea bicornis Walckenaer, 1802: 190 (Df).
Epeira bicornis Walckenaer, 1805: 57.
Epeira g. Walckenaer, 1805: 57.
Epeira arbustorum C. L. Koch, 1837b: 3 (D).
Epeira bicornis Walckenaer, 1841: 124 (Dm).
Epeira bicornis C. L. Koch, 1844: 92, f. 902-903 (mf).
Epeira bicornis Blackwall, 1864a: 361, pl. 27, f. 260 (mf).
Epeira g. Simon, 1874a: 67 (m).
Epeira arbustorum Dahl, 1883: 28 (Dmf).
Epeira g. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 129, pl. 5, f. 2 (f).
Epeira g. Becker, 1896: 16, pl. 3, f. 2 (mf).
Epeira g. Bösenberg, 1901: 29, pl. 1, f. 11 (mf).
Araneus gibbosus Lessert, 1910b: 168.
Araneus gibbosus Simon, 1929: 698, 764, f. 1085-1086 (mf).
Aranea g. Wiehle, 1931: 67, f. 99-102 (mf).
Aranea g. Drensky, 1943: 241, f. 18 (mf).
G. g. Archer, 1951b: 4, f. 6 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus gibbosus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 124, f. 80B, 81B, 82B (mf).
Aranea g. Zamaraev, 1964: 355, f. 46-48 (f).
Araneus gibbosus Tyschchenko, 1971: 194, f. 573 (f).
Araneus gibbosus Miller, 1971: 208, pl. XXXIX, f. 21 (f).
Araneus gibbosus Loksa, 1972: 78, f. 67C (f).
G. g. Roberts, 1985: 206, f. 92b (mf).
G. g. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 82, f. 184 (mf).
G. g. Roberts, 1995: 315, f. (mf).
G. g. Roberts, 1998: 329, f. (mf).
G. g. Almquist, 2005: 160, f. 168a-i (mf).

mf gibbosa confinis (Simon, 1870)....................Spain, Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016123]
Epeira c. Simon, 1870b: 307 (Dmf).
Epeira c. Simon, 1873a: 169, pl. 3, f. 1 (m).
Araneus gibbosus c. Simon, 1929: 698, 764.

m hetian (Hu & Wu, 1989)....................China, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016124]
Araneus h. Hu & Wu, 1989: 88, f. 65.1-6 (Dm).
G. h. Marusik, 1992: 95 (Tm from Araneus).
Araneus h. Yin et al., 1997d: 203, f. 121a-f (m).
G. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 169O-P, S (m).

f nanguosa Yin & Gong, 1996....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016125]
G. n. Yin & Gong, 1996: 74, f. 12-16 (Df).
G. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 305, f. 212a-e (f).
G. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 169K-M, 170A (f).
G. n. Yin et al., 2012: 688, f. 340a-e (f).

mf occidentalis Wunderlich, 1989....................Azores [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016126]
G. o. Wunderlich, 1989: 205, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
G. o. Wunderlich, 1992a: 367, f. 353-361 (mf).

mf omoeda (Thorell, 1870)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016127]
Epeira bicornis Westring, 1851: 35 (D; preoccupied).
Epeira o. Thorell, 1870a: 19 (Dmf).
Epeira o. Hansen, 1882: 20, pl. 1, f. 35 (mf).
Epeira o. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 129, pl. 5, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira o. Bösenberg, 1901: 27, pl. 1, f. 9 (mf).
Araneus omoedus Lessert, 1910b: 310.
Araneus omoedus Simon, 1929: 699, 764, f. 1087-1088 (mf).
Aranea o. Wiehle, 1931: 66, f. 96-98 (mf).
Araneus omoedus Saito, 1934b: 328, pl. 13, f. 24 (f).
Aranea o. Drensky, 1943: 241, f. 18 (mf).
G. o. Archer, 1951b: 4 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus omoedus Tullgren, 1952: 168, f. 14a-b (f).
Araneus o. Yaginuma, 1957a: 55, f. 19 (f).
Araneus o. Saito, 1959: 88, f. 97a-d (f).
Araneus omoedus Tyschchenko, 1971: 194, f. 574 (f).
Araneus omoedus Miller, 1971: 208, pl. XXXIX, f. 20 (m).
Araneus omoedus Loksa, 1972: 78, f. 67A-B (mf).
Araneus omoedus Palmgren, 1974a: 19, f. 8f-j (mf).
G. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 84, f. 187 (mf).
G. o. Thaler, 1991b: 53, f. 32-33 (m).
G. o. Roberts, 1995: 316, f. (mf).
G. o. Roberts, 1998: 330, f. (mf).
G. o. Almquist, 2005: 161, f. 169a-e (mf).

f tenerifensis Wunderlich, 1992....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016128]
G. t. Wunderlich, 1992a: 367, f. 362-367 (Df).

mf ullrichi (Hahn, 1835)....................Europe, Russia, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016129]
Epeira ullrichii Hahn, 1835: 66, f. 159 (Dmf).
Epeira dromedaria C. L. Koch, 1844: 98, f. 906-907 (mf, in part).
Epeira u. Simon, 1874a: 64.
Epeira u. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 129, pl. 5, f. 4 (mf).
Araneus u. Lessert, 1904: 363, pl. 5, f. 25 (f).
Araneus u. Kulczyn'ski, 1909b: 676, pl. 26, f. 19-20, 22 (m).
Araneus u. Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 61, pl. 2 (f).
Araneus u. Simon, 1929: 699, 765, f. 1091 (mf).
Aranea u. Wiehle, 1931: 64, f. 91-95 (mf).
Aranea ulrichi Drensky, 1943: 241, f. 18 (mf).
G. u. Archer, 1951b: 4 (Tmf from Araneus).
Aranea u. Zamaraev, 1964: 356, f. 49-50 (f).
Araneus u. Azheganova, 1968: 79, f. 145, 163, 171 (mf).
Araneus u. Tyschchenko, 1971: 194, f. 569 (m).
Araneus u. Miller, 1971: 208, pl. XXXIX, f. 3-4 (mf).
Araneus u. Loksa, 1972: 77, f. 66F-H (mf).
Araneus u. Bakhvalov, 1974: 112, f. 99, 101, 103 (mf).
G. u. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 82, f. 186 (mf).
Araneus u. Mcheidze, 1997: 269, f. 594-596 (mf).
G. u. van Helsdingen, 2010a: 6, f. 1-6 (m).