The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERAPHOSIDAE

Gen. Grammostola Simon, 1892 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00224]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Sorata Strand, 1907 by Raven, 1985a: 159; N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Lasiopelma Simon, 1892 by Schmidt, 1994e: 5, contra Raven, 1985; considered a senior synonym of Polyspinosa Schmidt, 1999d: 14, replacement name for Polyspina Schmidt, 1994a: 3, type (by monotypy) P. schulzei Schmidt, 1994, preoccupied, by Bertani & Sayuri, 2004: 330; the synonymy of this genus with Phrixotrichus Simon, 1888 by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54 was rejected by Schmidt, 1996a: 14; see notes under Homoeomma villosum and Eupalaestrus weijenberghi.

Transferred to other genera:
G. familiaris (Bertkau, 1880) -- see Homoeomma.

In synonymy:
G. argentinensis Strand, 1907 = G. rosea (Walckenaer, 1837) (Bücherl, 1951: 123, sub G. spatulata).
G. aureostriata Schmidt & Bullmer, 2001 = G. pulchripes (Simon, 1891) (Gabriel, 2009a: 9).
G. australis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948 = G. inermis Mello-Leitão, 1941 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202).
G. brevimetatarsis Strand, 1907 = G. actaeon (Pocock, 1903) (Bücherl, 1951: 119).
G. cala Chamberlin, 1917 = G. rosea (Walckenaer, 1837) (Schmidt, 1998i: 6).
G. fasciata Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. grossa (Ausserer, 1871) (Bücherl, 1951: 116, sub G. pulchripes).
G. ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. grossa (Ausserer, 1871) (Bücherl, 1951: 116, sub G. pulchripes).
G. fossor Schmidt, 2001 = G. vachoni Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961
G. gigantea Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. iheringi (Keyserling, 1891) (Bücherl, 1951: 120).
G. grandicola Strand, 1908 = G. grossa (Ausserer, 1871) (Bücherl, 1951: 116, sub G. pulchripes).
G. longimana Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. anthracina (C. L. Koch, 1842) (Bücherl, 1951: 112, sub G. mollicoma).
G. minax (Thorell, 1894, T from Eurypelma=Avicularia) = G. doeringi (Holmberg, 1881) (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86).
G. mollicoma (Ausserer, 1875) = G. anthracina (C. L. Koch, 1842) (Fukushima, Pérez-Miles & Bertani, 2011: 529).
G. roquettei Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. anthracina (C. L. Koch, 1842) (Bücherl, 1951: 112, sub G. mollicoma).
G. schulzei (Schmidt, 1994) = G. vachoni Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961 (Feretti, Pompozzi & Pérez-Miles, 2011: 8).
G. spatulata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) = G. rosea (Walckenaer, 1837) (Schmidt, 1996a: 17).

mf actaeon (Pocock, 1903)....................Brazil, Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002010]
Citharoscelus a. Pocock, 1903b: 99 (Dm).
G. brevimetatarsis Strand, 1907l: 33 (Dm).
G. a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 67.
G. a. Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 301 (Df).
G. a. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 204, f. 69-71 (mf).
G. a. Bücherl, 1951: 119, f. 3.III, 4, 12-13, 17-20, 28.III, 31, pl. V (mf, S).
G. a. Bücherl, 1957: 394, f. 51-51a (m).
G. a. Bücherl, 1962b: 72, f. XI (m).
G. a. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1962a: 13, pl. I, f. 2 (f).
G. a. Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 64-55 (m).
G. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 86, f. 222-223 (m).
G. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 56, 58 (m).
G. a. Peters, 2000a: 130, f. 399-400 (m).
G. acteon Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 1, 9-10 (m, lapsus).
G. a. Schmidt, 2003l: 165, f. 366-367 (mf).
G. a. Peters, 2003: 182, f. 725-727 (mf).

m alticeps (Pocock, 1903)....................Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002011]
Citharoscelus a. Pocock, 1903b: 100 (Dmf).
G. a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 68.
G. iheringi Bücherl, 1951: 120 (S, subsequently rejected).
G. a. Pérez, 1985: 4 (removed from S of G. iheringi).

mf andreleetzi Vol, 2008....................Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041993]
G. a. Vol, 2008: 27, unnumbered f. (Dmf).

mf anthracina (C. L. Koch, 1842)....................Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001789]
Mygale a. C. L. Koch, 1842: 77, f. 739 (Df).
Eurypelma a. C. L. Koch, 1850: 73.
Eurypelma mollicomum Ausserer, 1875: 198 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002020].
Eurypelma mollicomum Keyserling, 1878a: 612, pl. 14, f. 28 (Dm; N.B.: a misidentified Eupalaestrus per Schmidt, 1999f).
Citharoscelus mollicomus Pocock, 1903b: 99.
G. roquettei Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 303 (Dm).
G. longimana Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 304 (Dm).
G. mollicoma Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 211.
G. roquettei Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 212, f. 75-78 (m).
G. longimana Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 214, f. 107-109 (m).
G. mollicoma Bücherl, 1951: 111, f. 3.II, 28.II, 29, pls. I-II (mf, S).
G. pulchripes Bücherl, 1951: 115, f. 3.I, 28.I, 30, pl. III (m, Sf).
G. mollicoma Bücherl, 1957: 395, f. 55 (m).
G. pulchripes Bücherl, 1957: 396, f. 56 (m).
G. mollicoma Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202, f. 13-14 (m).
G. pulchripes Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 203, f. 10 (m).
G. mollicoma Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 68 (m).
G. pulchripes Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 69 (m).
G. mollicoma Pérez-Miles, 1989: 264, f. 1-2, 6-8 (mf).
G. pulchripes Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 37, f. 32 (f).
G. mollicoma Schmidt, 1993d: 88, f. 220 (m).
G. pulchripes Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 217, 219 (mf).
Phrixotrichus mollicoma Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55, f. 36-37 (mf, S).
G. mollicoma Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 54 (m).
G. mollicoma Schmidt, 2003e: 3, f. 1 (m).
G. mollicoma Schmidt, 2003l: 125, 167, f. 99, 381 (mf).
G. mollicoma Peters, 2003: 192, f. 775-776, 780 (mf).
G. mollicoma Peters, 2005b: 66, f. 213-217 (mf).
G. a. Fukushima, Pérez-Miles & Bertani, 2011: 529, f. 2-4 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia, Sm).

f borelli (Simon, 1897)....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001796]
Eurypelma borellii Simon, 1897e: 3 (Df).
G. b. Gabriel, 2009a: 9 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

mf burzaquensis Ibarra, 1946....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002012]
G. b. Ibarra, 1946: 786, f. 8 (Dmf).
G. pulchripes b. Bücherl, 1951: 118 (reduced to subspecies).
G. b. Bücherl, 1957: 395, f. 53 (m).
G. b. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 203, f. 3-4 (mf, restored to species).
G. b. Ibarra, 1961: 7, unnumbered f. (f).
G. b. de Carlo, 1973: 344, f. 1 (f).
G. b. Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 66 (m).
G. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 86, f. 218 (m).
G. b. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 52 (m).
G. b. Schmidt, 2003l: 165, f. 368-369 (mf).
G. b. Peters, 2003: 185, f. 739, 741 (mf).
G. b. Peters, 2005b: 63, f. 200-204 (mf).
G. b. Ferretti et al., 2010: 19, f. 14, 16, 19 (m).
G. b. Feretti, Pompozzi & Pérez-Miles, 2011: 3, f. 1, 8-9, 15, 20, 23-24 (mf).

mf chalcothrix Chamberlin, 1917....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002013]
G. c. Chamberlin, 1917: 46, pl. 3, f. 5-7 (Dm).
G. iheringi Bücherl, 1951: 120 (S, subsequently rejected).
G. c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 203, f. 11-12 (mf, removed from S of G. iheringi).
G. c. Smith, 1986b: 62, f. 86h (m).
G. c. Smith, 1987d: 62, f. 86h (m).
G. c. Peters, 2000a: 133, f. 411 (m).
G. c. Schmidt, 2003l: 165, f. 370 (f).
G. c. Peters, 2003: 186, f. 744-745 (mf).
G. c. Ferretti et al., 2013: 2968, f. 4A-B (m).

mf diminuta Ferretti et al., 2013....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046570]
G. d. Ferretti et al., 2013: 2963, f. 1A-H (Dmf).

mf doeringi (Holmberg, 1881)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002014]
Eurypelma doeringii Holmberg, 1881b: 147, pl. 3, f. 8 (Dm).
Euthycaelus d. Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 6.
Eurypelma minax Thorell, 1894a: 33 (Dm).
G. d. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1962a: 154, f. 1-2 (Tm from Euthycaelus, Df).
G. d. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86 (S).
G. d. Schmidt, 1999f: 6, f. 14 (f).
G. d. Schmidt, 2003l: 165, f. 371 (f).
G. d. Feretti, Pompozzi & Pérez-Miles, 2011: 5, f. 2, 18, 25 (f).

mf gossei (Pocock, 1899)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002015]
Citharoscelus g. Pocock, 1899g: 358, f. 2 (Dmf).
G. g. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 68.
G. spatulata Bücherl, 1951: 122 (S, apparently incorrect).
G. gossei Smith, 1986b: 63, f. 90h (m).
G. gossei Smith, 1987d: 63, f. 90h (m).

mf grossa (Ausserer, 1871)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002016]
Lasiocnemus grossus Ausserer, 1871a: 210, pl. 1, f. 9 (Dm).
Lasiopelma grossum Simon, 1892a: 169.
G. grandicola Strand, 1908b: 770 (Df).
G. ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 297 (Dm).
G. fasciata Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 299 (Df).
G. ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 196, f. 63-65 (m).
G. ferruginea Smith, 1986b: 63, f. 88h (m).
G. ferruginea Smith, 1987d: 63, f. 88h (m).
G. grandicola Schmidt, 1993d: 88, f. 213 (f).
G. g. Schmidt, 1994e: 5 (Tm from Tapinauchenius).
G. g. Schmidt, 1994g: 23 (Sf).
G. g. Schmidt, 1994h: 5, f. 3 (m).
G. g. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 53, 61, 65 (mf).
G. g. Peters, 2000a: 134, f. 415-416 (mf).
G. g. Schmidt, 2003l: 165, f. 375-376; 256, f. 4 (mf).
G. g. Peters, 2003: 189, f. 758, 763 (mf).

mf iheringi (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002017]
Eurypelma iheringii Keyserling, 1891: 19, pl. 1, f. 4 (Dmf).
Agathostola i. Pocock, 1895d: 227.
Citharoscelus i. Pocock, 1903b: 99.
G. jheringi Simon, 1903a: 935.
G. gigantea Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 302 (Dm).
G. gigantea Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 205, f. 79-80 (m).
G. i. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 207, f. 72-74 (m).
G. i. Bücherl, 1951: 120, f. 3.IV, 28.IV, 32, pl. VI (mf, S).
G. iheringii Bücherl, 1957: 395, f. 54 (m).
G. iheringii Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1962a: 13, pl. I, f. 1 (f).
G. iheringii Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1962b: 69, pl. I, f. 1-2 (mf).
G. iheringii Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 67 (m).
G. i. Schmidt, 1993d: 88, f. 216, 224 (mf).
G. i. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 57, 64 (mf).
G. i. Peters, 2000a: 135, f. 420-422 (mf).
G. i. Schmidt, 2001d: 5, f. 1-2 (mf).
G. i. Schmidt, 2003l: 166, f. 377-379 (mf).
G. i. Peters, 2003: 190, f. 765-767, 770 (mf).

mf inermis Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002018]
G. i. Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 101, pl. II, f. 2, 2a (Dm).
G. australis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948: 7, f. 8-9 (Dm).
G. spatulata i. Bücherl, 1951: 123 (reduced to subspecies).
G. spatulata australis Bücherl, 1951: 124 (reduced to subspecies).
G. i. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202, f. 1-2 (m, Df, restored to species, S).
G. i. Schmidt, 2003l: 166, f. 380 (f).
G. i. Ferretti et al., 2013: 2971, f. 4C-D (m).

mf mendozae (Strand, 1907)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002019]
Eurypelma mendozae Strand, 1907l: 46 (Dmf).
Dugesiella m. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 255.
G. mendozina Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia, using specific name by Holmberg, 1876 -- see nomina dubia under Avicularia -- but attributing it to Strand, 1907).
G. m. Peters, 2000a: 136, f. 426 (f, misattributed to Holmberg, 1876).
G. m. Peters, 2003: 191, f. 771 (f).

f monticola (Strand, 1907)....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002021]
Sorata m. Strand, 1907a: 554 (Df).
Sorata m. Strand, 1907f: 241 (Df).

m porteri (Mello-Leitão, 1936)....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002022]
Lasiodora p. Mello-Leitão, 1936d: 122, pl. 13 (Dm).
G. p. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 295 (Tm from Lasiodora).

mf pulchra Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002023]
G. p. Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 298 (Dmf).
G. p. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 198, f. 66-68 (mf).
G. pulchripes p. Bücherl, 1951: 118, pl. IV (m, reduced to subspecies).
G. pulchripes p. Bücherl, 1957: 396, f. 57 (m).
G. p. Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 70 (m).
G. p. Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 214, 221 (mf).
G. p. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 55, 62 (mf).
G. p. Peters, 2000a: 137, f. 430-432 (mf).
G. p. Schmidt, 2003l: 167, f. 383-383 (mf).
G. p. Peters, 2003: 195, f. 785-786, 790 (mf).

mf pulchripes (Simon, 1891) *....................Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042756]
Eurypelma p. Simon, 1891f: 311 (Dm).
G. p. Simon, 1892a: 163.
G. aureostriata Schmidt & Bullmer, 2001: 173, f. 1-7 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037450].
G. aureostriata Schmidt, 2001d: 5, f. 3, 8 (f).
G. aureostriata Peters, 2003: 184, f. 734-737 (mf).
G. aureostriata Schmidt, 2003l: 125, f. 101 (f).
G. aureostriata Schmidt, 2005d: 3, f. 1-2 (f).
G. aureostriata Schmidt, 2005g: 36, f. 1-2 (f).
G. aureostriata Peters, 2005b: 62, f. 194-199 (mf).
G. p. Gabriel, 2009a: 9, pl. 2 (removed m from S of G. mollicoma, contra Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 56, sub Phrixotrichus, and Schmidt, 1994g: 23, Sf).

mf rosea (Walckenaer, 1837)....................Bolivia, Chile, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002024]
Mygale rosea Walckenaer, 1837: 213 (Dm).
Mygale rubiginosa Nicolet, 1849: 330 (Dmf).
Lasiodora rosea C. L. Koch, 1850: 73.
Eurypelma rosea Ausserer, 1871a: 215.
Eurypelma spatulatum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 24, pl. 1, f. 19 (Dm).
Citharoscelus kochii F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899b: 16, pl. 2, f. 13-15 (Df).
Citharoscelus kochii Pocock, 1899g: 348 (Dm).
Citharoscelus spatulatus Pocock, 1903b: 98.
G. spatulata Simon, 1903a: 935.
G. argentinense Strand, 1907l: 29 (Dmf).
G. cala Chamberlin, 1917: 47, pl. 3, f. 8-9 (Dm).
G. spatulata Bücherl, 1951: 122 (S).
G. spatulata Bücherl, 1951: 123 (S, subsequently rejected).
G. spatulata Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 201, f. 7-8 (mf).
G. cala Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202, f. 15 (m, removed from S of G. spatulata).
G. spathulata Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1962b: 69, pl. I, f. 3-4 (mf).
G. spathulata Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1029, pl. III, f. 1-10, pl. IV, f. 1-6 (mf).
G. cala Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1032, pl. V, f. 1-10 (m).
G. cala Smith, 1986b: 62, f. 85h (m).
G. spatulatus Smith, 1986b: 65, f. 98h (m).
G. cala Smith, 1987d: 62, f. 85h (m).
G. spatulatus Smith, 1987d: 65, f. 98h (m).
G. spatulata Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 54, f. 49 (f).
G. spatulata Smith, 1990b: 19, unnumbered f. (f).
G. spatulata Schmidt, 1992e: 9, f. 2 (f).
G. cala Schmidt, 1993d: 87, f. 211 (Df).
G. spatulata Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 212 (f).
G. argentinensis Schmidt, 1993d: 86, f. 215 (f).
G. r. Schmidt, 1996a: 17 (S).
G. cala Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 59 (f).
G. r. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 60, 63 (f).
G. r. Schmidt, 1998i: 6 (S).
G. r. Vol, 1999a: 11, f. I (f).
G. cala Peters, 2000a: 132, f. 407-408 (mf).
G. r. Peters, 2000a: 138, f. 436-437 (mf).
G. r. Schmidt, 2003l: 167, f. 384, 256, f. 5 (f).
G. r. Peters, 2003: 196, f. 793-794, 800-803 (mf).
G. r. Peters, 2005a: 10, f. 7 (f).
G. r. Gabriel, 2011b: 26, f. 2-3 (f).
G. r. Gabriel, 2011c: 12, f. 2 (f).

mf vachoni Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002025]
G. v. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 204, f. 5-6 (Dmf).
Polyspina schulzei Schmidt, 1993d: 111, f. 345 (f, nomen nudum).
Polyspina schulzei Schmidt, 1994a: 4, f. 1 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002362].
Polyspinosa schulzei Schmidt, 1999d: 14.
G. fossor Schmidt, 2001d: 3, f. 4-7 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037451].
G. v. Schmidt, 2003k: 12, f. 1-3 (m).
G. fossor Schmidt, 2003l: 165, f. 372-374 (mf).
G. v. Schmidt, 2003l: 167, f. 385 (f).
Polyspinosa schulzei Schmidt, 2003l: 216, f. 662 (f).
G. fossor Peters, 2003: 188, f. 752-754, 756 (mf).
G. v. Peters, 2003: 199, f. 809-811 (mf).
G. schulzei Bertani & Sayuri, 2004: 330, f. 1 (f).
G. schulzei Schmidt, 2004h: 12, f. 1 (f).
G. fossor Peters, 2005b: 65, f. 208-212 (mf).
G. v. Peters, 2005b: 69, f. 223-228 (mf).
G. schulzei Schmidt, 2005e: 7, f. 1-2 (Dm).
G. schulzei Schmidt, 2005g: 39, f. 1-2 (m).
G. v. Ferretti et al., 2010: 20, f. 4, 6, 12-13, 15, 18, 21 (m).
G. v. Feretti, Pompozzi & Pérez-Miles, 2011: 8, f. 3-7, 10-14, 16-17, 19, 21-22, 26-28 (mf, S).
G. v. Ferretti et al., 2013: 2967, f. 3A-B, D (m, S).