The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: SALTICIDAE

Gen. Heliophanus C. L. Koch, 1833 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02983]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Trapezocephalus Berland & Millot, 1941 by Wesolowska, 1986: 5; type species is the only species originally included in the genus by C. L. Koch, 1833, namely H. cupreus (Walckenaer, 1802).

Transferred to other genera:
H. clarus Peckham & Peckham, 1903 -- see Phintella.
H. geminus Song & Chai, 1992 -- see Chinattus.
H. ghesquieri Giltay, 1935 -- see Pseudicius.
H. indicus Simon, 1901 -- see Phintella.
H. janetscheki Denis, 1957 -- see Chalcoscirtus.
H. lucipeta Simon, 1890 -- see Heliophanillus.
H. marshi Peckham & Peckham, 1903 -- see Pseudicius.
H. nigritus Thorell, 1875 -- see Chalcoscirtus.
H. rehobothicus Strand, 1915 -- see Chalcoscirtus.
H. suedicola Simon, 1901 -- see Heliophanillus.
H. undulatus Song & Chai, 1992 -- see Chinattus.

In synonymy:
H. aelurilliformis (Berland & Millot, 1941) = H. cassinicola Simon, 1910 (Wesolowska, 1986: 28).
H. aeratus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872 = H. edentulus Simon, 1871 (Prószyn'ski, 2003: 75, contra Roewer, 1955c: 1645.
H. albescens Denis, 1947 = H. glaucus Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895 (Wesolowska, 1986: 208).
H. albonotatus Denis, 1962 = H. lineiventris Simon, 1868 (Wesolowska, 1986: 216).
H. albosignatus L. Koch, 1867 = H. kochii Simon, 1868 (Wesolowska, 1986: 217; older name supressed, and this spelling mandated, by ICZN Opinion 1611).
H. ambiguus Lessert, 1925 = H. orchesta Simon, 1885 (Wesolowska, 1986: 30).
H. beardi Peckham & Peckham, 1903 = H. peckhami Simon, 1902 (Wesolowska, 1986: 13).
H. berlandi Schenkel, 1963 (not H. b. Lawrence, 1937) = H. curvidens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) (Wesolowska, in Prószyn'ski, 1982: 280; see also Wesolowska, 1986: 45).
H. calcarifer Simon, 1868 = H. kochii Simon, 1868 (Wesolowska, 1986: 217).
H. cernuus Simon, 1868 = H. kochii Simon, 1868 (Wesolowska, 1986: 217).
H. clercki Caporiacco, 1949 = H. giltayi Lessert, 1933 (Wesolowska, 1986: 24).
H. corsicus Simon, 1871 = H. flavipes (Hahn, 1832) (Wesolowska, 1986: 213).
H. decoloratus Lawrence, 1928 = H. orchesta Simon, 1885 (Wesolowska, 1986: 30).
H. delectus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) = H. edentulus Simon, 1871 (Wesolowska, 1986: 17).
H. dentatidens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) = H. mordax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) (Wesolowska, 1986: 41).
H. exultans L. Koch, 1868 = H. auratus C. L. Koch, 1835 (Wesolowska, 1986: 212).
H. facetus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) = H. encifer Simon, 1871 (Wesolowska, 1986: 40).
H. fagei (Schenkel, 1963, T from Menemerus) = H. potanini Schenkel, 1963 (Wesolowska, 1981b: 133).
H. falcatus Xiao & Yin, 1991 = H. baicalensis Kulczyn'ski, 1895 (Logunov, 1992c: 57).
H. furcatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) = H. kochii Simon, 1868 (Wesolowska, 1986: 217).
H. heliophanoides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) = H. edentulus Simon, 1871 (Wesolowska, 1986: 17).
H. ignorabilis Wesolowska, 1986 = H. verus Wesolowska, 1986 (Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 100, holotype only, contra Wesolowska, 1996: 30, who placed it as a S of H. mordax instead).
H. immemoratus (Wesolowska, 1993, T from Natta) = H. falcatus Wesolowska, 1986 (Wesolowska, 2003a: 263).
H. keyserlingi Simon, 1878 = H. stylifer Simon, 1878 (Wesolowska, 1986: 43).
H. lacteus L. Koch, 1868 = H. equester L. Koch, 1867 (Wesolowska, 1986: 213).
H. miles Simon, 1878 = H. lineiventris Simon, 1868 (Wesolowska, 1986: 216).
H. milloti Denis, 1955 = H. cassinicola Simon, 1910 (Wesolowska, 1986: 28).
H. mongolicus Schenkel, 1953 = H. baicalensis Kulczyn'ski, 1895 (Logunov & Marusik, 2001: 102).
H. nigriceps Kulczyn'ski, 1895 = H. auratus C. L. Koch, 1835 (Wesolowska, 1986: 212).
H. orchestioides Lessert, 1925 = H. infaustus (Peckham & Peckham, 1903) (Wesolowska, 2012b: 328).
H. pouzdranensis Miller, 1958 = H. lineiventris Simon, 1868 (Wesolowska, 1986: 216).
H. pubescens Denis, 1964 = H. tribulosus Simon, 1868 (Cantarella, 1974: 159).
H. semipullatus Denis, 1953 = H. lineiventris Simon, 1868 (Wesolowska, 1986: 216).
H. semipullatus steineri Denis, 1957 = H. lineiventris Simon, 1868 (Wesolowska, 1986: 216).
H. senussus Caporiacco, 1928 = H. decoratus L. Koch, 1875 (Wesolowska, 1986: 208).
H. varians Simon, 1868 = H. auratus C. L. Koch, 1835 (Wesolowska, 1986: 212).
H. villosus Wesolowska, 1986 = H. bisulcus Wesolowska, 1986 (Haddad & Wesolowska, 2013: 478).
H. viriatus Simon, 1868 = H. melinus L. Koch, 1867 (Cantarella, 1974: 165; Clark, in Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 27).

Nomina dubia:
H. anomalus Caporiacco, 1947d: 231 (j, East Africa) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 232.
H. didieri Simon, 1904c: 447, f. 3-4 (m, Ethiopia) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 232.
H. dilutus Denis, 1937b: 1053, pl. 5, f. 3 (f, Algeria) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 232.
H. dubourgi Simon, 1904c: 445, f. 1-2 (m, Ethiopia) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 232.
H. flavimaxillis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 334, pl. 9, f. 15 (j, Japan) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 232.
H. furcillatus Simon, 1868b: 696 (mf, Corfu, Sicily) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 232.
H. kashmiricus Caporiacco, 1935b: 201 (j, Kashmir) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 232.
H. minutissimus Simon, 1871: 352 (f, Ukraine) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 232; Mikhailov, 1996: 132; Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 102.
H. moestus (Lucas, 1846: 174, pl. 9, f. 2, f, Algeria, originally in Salticus, T here by Simon, 1876a: 165) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 232.
H. muscorum (Walckenaer, 1802: 238, originally in Attus) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 210.
H. nitidus (Lucas, 1849: 173, pl. 9, f. 10, f, Algeria, originally in Salticus, T here by Simon, 1876a: 165) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 233.
H. niveiventris Simon, 1889l: 374 (f, Turkmenistan) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 233; Mikhailov, 1996: 132; Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 102.
H. nossibeensis Strand, 1907d: 746 (mf,Madagascar) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 233.
H. recurvus Simon, 1868b: 679, 1876a: 150, pl. 10, f. 3 (m, Switzerland, Sardinia) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 233.
H. riedeli Schmidt, 1971: 389, f. 1 (f, erroneously cited as "1959" in text, labelled "n.sp." in legend, Cameroon) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 233.
H. ritteri (Scopoli, 1763: 402, originally in Aranea) -- Harm, 1971: 60.
H. soudanicus Berland & Millot, 1941: 324, f. 27 (m, Sudan) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 233.
H. tessalensis Strand, 1906b: 662 (f, Ethiopia) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 233.
H. uncinatus Simon, 1868b: 691, pl. 7, f. 11 (mf, Switzerland, Greece) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 233.
H. vittatus Denis, 1958b: 106, f. 35 (f, Afghanistan) -- Wesolowska, 1986: 233.

Nomen nudum:
H. okinawaensis Kishida (Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 630).

mf abditus Wesolowska, 1986....................Syria, Yemen, United Arab Emirates [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033743]
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 221, f. 760-761 (Df).
H. a. Wesolowska & van Harten, 2007: 218, f. 76-82 (f, Dm).

mf aberdarensis Wesolowska, 1986....................Kenya, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033744]
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 224, f. 793-794 (Df).
H. a. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2013: 202, f. 72-79 (f, Dm).

mf activus (Blackwall, 1877)....................Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033745]
Salticus a. Blackwall, 1877: 4, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dmf).
H. a. Simon, 1898d: 388.
H. a. Simon, 1901e: 54, f. 5 (m).
H. a. Saaristo, 1978: 109, f. 97-99 (f).
H. a. Wanless, 1984c: 70, f. 23a-g (mf).
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 224, f. 795-802 (mf).
H. a. Saaristo, 2010: 185, f. 27.57-63 (mf).

m acutissimus Wesolowska, 1986....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033746]
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 222, f. 762-765 (Dm).

mf aeneus (Hahn, 1832)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033747]
Salticus a. Hahn, 1832: 65, f. 49 (Df).
Attus a. Walckenaer, 1837: 411 (Dm).
H. truncorum C. L. Koch, 1846: 51, f. 1309-1310 (Dmf).
H. inornatus Simon, 1868b: 676 (Dmf).
H. a. Simon, 1876a: 147, pl. 10, f. 2 (m, Df).
H. a. Becker, 1882b: 60, pl. 3, f. 8 (mf).
H. muscorum Bösenberg, 1903: 418, pl. 40, f. 616 (mf, misidentified).
H. muscorum Dahl, 1926: 44, f. 135-136 (mf, misidentified).
H. a. Simon, 1937: 1159, 1169, 1248, f. 1804-1805 (mf).
H. muscorum Tullgren, 1944: 56, f. 27a, 28b, pl. 6, f. 101-102 (mf, misidentified).
H. a. Chikuni, 1955: 37, f. 5A-H, pl. 3 (mf).
H. a. Kekenbosch, 1961b: 9, f. 11 (f).
H. a. Tyschchenko, 1971: 88, f. 153 (m).
H. a. Miller, 1971: 144, pl. XXII, f. 10-11 (mf).
H. muscorum Harm, 1971: 68, f. 4, 32-36 (mf, misidentified).
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 210, f. 612-621 (mf).
H. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 151, f. 23 (mf).
H. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 506, f. 1354 (mf).
H. a. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 116, f. 50A-D (mf).
H. a. Zabka, 1997: 55, f. 132-139 (mf).
H. a. Bellmann, 1997: 220, f. (f).
H. a. Roberts, 1998: 200, f. (mf).
H. a. Almquist, 2006: 531, f. 445a-f (mf).

mf aethiopicus Wesolowska, 2003....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039078]
H. a. Wesolowska, 2003a: 250, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

f africanus Wesolowska, 1986....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033748]
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 224, f. 803-804 (Df).

mf agricola Wesolowska, 1986....................Algeria, Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033749]
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 209, f. 589-600 (Dmf).

mf agricoloides Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033750]
H. a. Wunderlich, 1987a: 272, f. 686a-d (Dmf).

f alienus Wesolowska, 1986....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033751]
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 225, f. 805-806 (Df).

m anymphos Wesolowska, 2003....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039079]
H. a. Wesolowska, 2003a: 253, f. 10-13 (Dm).

mf apiatus Simon, 1868....................Portugal to Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033752]
H. a. Simon, 1868b: 677, pl. 7, f. 7 (Dmf).
H. a. Simon, 1937: 1160, 1248, f. 1812-1813 (m).
H. a. Kraus, 1955a: 389, f. 31-34 (mf).
H. a. Cantarella, 1974: 159, f. 1-2, 22-24 (mf).
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 39, f. 447-455 (mf).

mf auratus C. L. Koch, 1835....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033753]
H. a. C. L. Koch, 1835: 128, pl. 8-9 (Dmf).
H. a. C. L. Koch, 1846: 54, f. 1311-1312 (mf).
H. varians Simon, 1868b: 682 (Df, not m).
H. branickii Simon, 1868b: 684, pl. 7, f. 9 (Dmf).
H. exultans L. Koch, in Simon, 1868b: 685 (Dm).
H. a. Simon, 1876a: 155, pl. 10, f. 10 (mf).
H. exultans Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 10, pl. 1, f. 24 (m, Df).
H. nigriceps Kulczyn'ski, 1895a: 6, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dm).
H. a. Fedotov, 1912a: 119, f. 66 (f).
H. a. Spassky, 1925: 54, f. 6 (m).
H. a. Dahl, 1926: 43, f. 133-134 (mf).
H. a. Reimoser, 1931b: 86, f. 5 (mf).
H. a. Simon, 1937: 1165, 1170, 1249, f. 1824-1825 (mf).
H. exultans Simon, 1937: 1165, 1170, 1249, f. 1826-1827, 1836 (mf).
H. a. Palmgren, 1943: 16, f.
H. a. Tullgren, 1944: 57, f. 27f, 28a, pl. 6, f. 103-104 (mf).
H. a. Kekenbosch, 1961b: 9, f. 12 (f).
H. a. Cooke, 1962: 248, f. 3-4 (mf).
H. a. Cooke, 1963: 156, f. 17-18 (mf).
H. a. Azheganova, 1968: 144, f. 337, 351 (mf).
H. a. Vilbaste, 1969: 137, f. 105C, 112A, 113A-C, 114A-B (mf).
H. a. Tyschchenko, 1971: 88, f. 157 (m).
H. a. Miller, 1971: 145, pl. XXII, f. 3-4 (mf).
H. a. Harm, 1971: 63, f. 22-26 (mf).
H. varians Prószyn'ski, 1971d: 241, f. 27-32 (mf).
H. a. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 27, f. 15A-C (mf).
H. a. Prószyn'ski, 1979: 308, f. 89-97 (mf).
H. a. Flanczewska, 1981: 200, f. 33-34 (f).
H. a. Roberts, 1985: 118, f. 48c (mf).
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 212, f. 629-639 (mf, S).
H. a. Izmailova, 1989: 156, f. 156 (f).
H. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 504, f. 1351 (mf).
H. a. Peng et al., 1993: 88, f. 273-276 (f).
H. a. Roberts, 1995: 187, f. (mf).
H. a. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 118, f. 8A, 51A-D (mf).
H. exultans Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 128, f. 56A-C (mf).
H. varians Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 145, f. 67A-F (mf).
H. a. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 69, f. 1-8 (mf).
H. a. Zabka, 1997: 56, f. 140-147 (mf).
H. a. Roberts, 1998: 199, f. (mf).
H. a. Metzner, 1999: 101, f. 66a-h (mf).
H. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 513, f. 299H, 326H (f).
H. a. Almquist, 2006: 531, f. 446a-f (mf).

?? auratus mediocinctus Kulczyn'ski, 1898....................Austria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033754]
H. a. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 111 (D).

mf aviculus Berland & Millot, 1941....................Central, West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033755]
H. a. Berland & Millot, 1941: 321, f. 23 (Dmf).
H. a. Wesolowska, 1986: 29, f. 279-288 (mf).

mf baicalensis Kulczyn'ski, 1895....................Russia, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033756]
H. b. Kulczyn'ski, 1895d: 54, 97, pl. 2, f. 11 (Df).
H. mongolicus Schenkel, 1953b: 84, f. 39a-c (Dmf; regarded as a nomen dubium by Wesolowska, 1986: 233).
H. b. Schenkel, 1963: 400, f. 230 (f).
H. b. Prószyn'ski, 1979: 308, f. 98-100 (f).
H. b. Zhu et al., 1985: 203, f. 185a-c (f).
H. b. Wesolowska, 1986: 45, f. 536-537 (f).
H. b. Zhang, 1987: 239, f. 210.1-3 (f).
H. b. Marusik & Cutler, 1989: 54, f. 4-7 (Dm).
H. b. Hu & Wu, 1989: 368, f. 288.1-3 (f).
H. falcatus Xiao & Yin, 1991a: 49, f. 10-21 (Dmf; preoccupied).
H. b. Logunov, 1992c: 57 (S).
H. falcatus Peng et al., 1993: 90, f. 280-291 (mf).
H. b. Zhao, 1993: 396, f. 200a-b (f).
H. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 513, f. 299O, 300A (mf).
H. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 431, f. 286A-E (mf).
H. b. Logunov & Marusik, 2001: 102 (S).
H. b. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 225, f. 32.22 (m).

m bellus Wesolowska, 1986....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033757]
H. b. Wesolowska, 1986: 14, f. 39-44 (Dm).

f berlandi Lawrence, 1937....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033758]
H. b. Lawrence, 1937: 257, f. 24 (Df).
H. b. Wesolowska, 1986: 231, f. 871-872 (f).

mf bisulcus Wesolowska, 1986....................Namibia, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033759]
H. b. Wesolowska, 1986: 16, f. 70-74 (Dm).
H. villosus Wesolowska, 1986: 22, f. 176-179 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033869].
H. b. Haddad & Wesolowska, 2013: 478, f. 40-43, 52 (m, Sf).

mf bolensis Wesolowska, 2003....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039080]
H. b. Wesolowska, 2003a: 254, f. 14-20 (Dmf).

m brevis Wesolowska, 2003....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039081]
H. b. Wesolowska, 2003a: 256, f. 21-24 (Dm).

f butemboensis Wesolowska, 1986....................Congo, Rwanda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033760]
H. b. Wesolowska, 1986: 24, f. 199-200 (Df).

mf camtschadalicus Kulczyn'ski, 1885....................Sweden, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033761]
H. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 58, pl. 11, f. 35 (Df).
H. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1895d: 53, pl. 2, f. 10 (f).
H. c. Prószyn'ski, 1979: 308, f. 101-102 (f).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 44, f. 534-535 (f).
H. c. Wesolowska & Marusik, 1990: 91, f. 1-10 (f, Dm).
H. c. Almquist, 2006: 533, f. 447a-f (mf; N.B.: considered a senior synonym of H. dampfi Schenkel, 1923, but no evidence presented).

mf canariensis Wesolowska, 1986....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033762]
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 222, f. 766-774 (Dmf).
H. c. Wunderlich, 1992a: 511, f. 826-828 (mf).

f capensis Wesolowska, 1986....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033763]
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 12, f. 12-17 (Df).

mf capicola Simon, 1901....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033764]
H. c. Simon, 1901e: 52, f. 1 (Dmf).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 225, f. 807-813 (mf).

mf cassinicola Simon, 1910....................West, Central, East Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033765]
H. c. Simon, 1910c: 424, f. 20 (Dm).
Trapezocephalus aelurilliformis Berland & Millot, 1941: 358, f. 57 (Df).
H. milloti Denis, 1955b: 118, f. 18-19 (Dm).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 28, f. 261-278 (mf, S).
H. c. Wesolowska, 2003a: 257, f. 25-29 (m).
H. c. Wesolowska & van Harten, 2007: 218, f. 83-88 (mf).

mf charlesi Wesolowska, 2003....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039082]
H. c. Wesolowska, 2003a: 259, f. 30-35 (Dmf).

m chikangawanus Wesolowska, 1986....................Angola, Malawi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033766]
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 225, f. 814-818 (Dm).

mf chovdensis Prószyn'ski, 1982....................Iran, Kazakhstan to Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033767]
H. c. Prószyn'ski, 1982: 283, f. 34 (f).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 222, f. 775 (f).
H. c. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 70, f. 10-20 (mf).

mf claviger Simon, 1901....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033769]
H. c. Simon, 1901e: 56, f. 9 (Dmf).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 15, f. 54-63 (mf).
H. c. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 41, f. 68-72 (m).

mf comorensis Dierkens, 2012....................Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045530]
H. c. Dierkens, 2012c: 72, f. 7-11 (Dmf).

mf congolensis Giltay, 1935....................Nigeria, Congo, São Tomé [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033770]
H. c. Giltay, 1935a: 10, f. 6 (Dm).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 19, f. 124-132 (m, Df).

m conspicuus Wesolowska, 1986....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033771]
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 41, f. 487-491 (Dm).

mf creticus Giltay, 1932....................Crete [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033772]
H. c. Giltay, 1932: 36, f. 22 (Dm).
H. c. Giltay, 1933: 8, pl. 4, f. 4 (m).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 40, f. 467-475 (m, Df).
H. c. Metzner, 1999: 99, f. 64a-h (mf).

mf crudeni Lessert, 1925....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033773]
H. c. Lessert, 1925a: 462, f. 46-49 (Dmf).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 26, f. 231-239 (mf).

mf cupreus (Walckenaer, 1802) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033774]
Aranea cuprea Walckenaer, 1802: 245 (Dmf).
Aranea aenea Schrank, 1803: 238 (D).
Attus c. Walckenaer, 1805: 24.
Attus c. Hahn, 1826: 1, pl. 13, f. A-B (mf).
Attus c. Audouin, 1826: 407, pl. 7, f. 15 (m).
Attus atrovirens Sundevall, 1833a: 210 (Dmf).
H. c. C. L. Koch, 1833: 119, pl. 1-2 (mf).
Salticus chalybeus Hahn, 1834: 42, f. 127 (Dm).
Salticus c. Hahn, 1834: 42, f. 128 (mf).
H. chalybeus C. L. Koch, 1837b: 30.
H. tricinctus C. L. Koch, 1837b: 30 (D).
H. micans C. L. Koch, 1837b: 30 (D).
H. c. C. L. Koch, 1846: 56, f. 1313-1315 (mf).
H. metallicus C. L. Koch, 1846: 60, f. 1316 (Df).
H. tricinctus C. L. Koch, 1846: 64, f. 1323 (Df).
H. micans C. L. Koch, 1846: 68, f. 1324 (Dm).
Salticus c. Blackwall, 1861a: 57, pl. 3, f. 31 (mf).
H. c. Menge, 1877: 467, pl. 77, f. 263 (mf).
H. c. Becker, 1882b: 56, pl. 3, f. 4 (mf).
H. c. Hansen, 1882: 79, pl. 5, f. 12 (mf).
H. c. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 8, pl. 1, f. 21 (mf).
H. c. Bösenberg, 1903: 416, pl. 40, f. 613 (mf).
H. c. Spassky, 1925: 54, f. 10 (f).
H. c. Dahl, 1926: 42, f. 129-130 (mf).
H. c. Simon, 1937: 1159, 1169, 1248, f. 1806-1807, 1835 (mf).
H. c. Palmgren, 1943: 16, f.
H. c. Tullgren, 1944: 52, f. 27a, pl. 5, f. 89-92 (mf).
H. c. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 212, f. 106A, E, G (mf).
H. c. Kekenbosch, 1961b: 10, f. 13 (f).
H. c. Azheganova, 1968: 144, f. 338, 352 (mf).
H. c. Vilbaste, 1969: 144, f. 112E, 120A-C, 121A-B (mf).
H. c. Tyschchenko, 1971: 88, f. 160 (f).
H. c. Miller, 1971: 144, pl. XXII, f. 1-2 (mf).
H. c. Harm, 1971: 57, f. 1, 7-17 (mf).
H. c. Braendegaard, 1972: 135, f. 72A, 73, 75A (mf).
H. c. Cantarella, 1974: 160, f. 3-4, 25-26 (mf).
H. c. Flanczewska, 1981: 204, f. 41-48 (mf).
H. c. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 50, f. III.9-10 (mf).
H. c. Roberts, 1985: 118, f. 48a (mf).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 215, f. 671-683 (mf).
H. c. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 222, f. LXIX.9-10 (mf).
H. c. Izmailova, 1989: 158, f. 158 (f).
H. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 506, f. 1355 (mf).
H. c. Roberts, 1995: 185, f. (mf).
H. c. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 120, f. 52A-E (mf).
H. c. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 73, f. 22-27, 31-32 (mf).
H. c. Mcheidze, 1997: 103, f. 125-127 (mf).
H. c. Zabka, 1997: 57, f. 148-156 (mf).
H. c. Bellmann, 1997: 220, f. (f).
H. c. Roberts, 1998: 197, f. (mf).
H. c. Metzner, 1999: 105, f. 71a-g (mf).
H. c. Trotta, 2005: 149, f. 35 (m).
H. c. Topçu et al., 2006a: 336, f. 5a-b (m).
H. c. Almquist, 2006: 534, f. 448a-g (mf).

mf cupreus cuprescens (Simon, 1868)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033775]
H. cuprescens Simon, 1868b: 671 (Dmf).
H. c. c. Simon, 1937: 1248.

m cupreus globifer (Simon, 1868)....................Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033776]
H. globifer Simon, 1868b: 672, pl. 7, f. 6 (Dm).
H. c. g. Simon, 1937: 1248.

mf curvidens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Israel to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033777]
Salticus c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 345 (Dm).
H. c. Simon, 1876a: 165.
H. c. Caporiacco, 1935b: 200, pl. 5, f. 2 (m, Df).
H. berlandi Schenkel, 1963: 399, f. 229a-c (Dmf; preoccupied by Lawrence, 1937).
H. berlandi Prószyn'ski & Zochowska, 1981: 18, f. 7-11 (mf).
H. c. Prószyn'ski, 1982: 280, f. 33, 36 (m, Df, S).
H. c. Wesolowska, 1986: 45, f. 538-548 (mf, S).
H. c. Prószyn'ski, 1992b: 178, f. 48 (f).
H. c. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 75, f. 36-42 (mf).
H. berlandi Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 513, f. 299P-R, 300B-C (mf).
H. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 514, f. 300D-E, J-L (mf).
H. c. Prószyn'ski, 2003: 72, f. 269-272 (mf).

mf cuspidatus Xiao, 2000....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037385]
H. c. Xiao, 2000: 282, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

mf dampfi Schenkel, 1923....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033778]
H. d. Schenkel, 1923: 121 (Dmf; N.B.: see note under H. camtschadalicus).
H. d. Schenkel, 1925b: 352, f. 3 (mf).
H. d. Dahl, 1926: 45, f. 140 (m).
H. mariae Dahl, 1926: 46, f. 141 (Df).
H. d. Tullgren, 1942: 228.
H. d. Palmgren, 1943: 57, f.
H. d. Tullgren, 1944: 53, f. 27b, pl. 5, f. 93-96 (mf).
H. mariae Miller, 1951: 236, pl. I, f. 25-29 (mf).
H. d. Kekenbosch, 1961a: 306, f. 3 (f).
H. d. Kekenbosch, 1961b: 10, f. 30 (f).
H. d. Vilbaste, 1969: 146, f. 112F, 122A-C, 123A-B (mf).
H. d. Harm, 1971: 75, f. 46-49 (mf).
H. d. Miller, 1971: 144, pl. XXI, f. 22 (m).
H. d. Utochkin & Pakhorukov, 1976: 80, f. 7 (f).
H. d. Prószyn'ski, 1976: 186, f. 392-393 (f).
H. d. Prószyn'ski, 1979: 309, f. 103 (f).
H. d. Wesolowska, 1986: 44, f. 523-533 (mf).
H. d. Wesolowska & Marusik, 1990: 92, f. 11-15 (f).
H. d. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 506, f. 1356 (mf).
H. d. Stewart, 1993: 4, f. 1-2 (mf).
H. d. Roberts, 1993: 12, f. 5a (mf).
H. d. Roberts, 1995: 186, f. (mf).
H. d. Zabka, 1997: 58, f. 157-165 (mf).
H. d. Roberts, 1998: 198, f. (mf).

m deamatus Peckham & Peckham, 1903....................Central, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033779]
H. d. Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 190, pl. 20, f. 3 (Dm).
H. d. Wesolowska, 1986: 31, f. 310-319 (m).

mf debilis Simon, 1901....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033780]
H. d. Simon, 1901e: 59, f. 12 (Dm).
H. d. Wesolowska, 1986: 21, f. 148-162 (mf).
H. d. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 43, f. 73-75 (m).

f decempunctatus (Caporiacco, 1941)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033781]
Icius d. Caporiacco, 1941b: 152, f. 67 (Df).
H. d. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 57, 151 (Tf from Icius, may =H. trepidus).

mf decoratus L. Koch, 1875....................Mediterranean to Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033782]
H. d. L. Koch, 1875b: 87, pl. 7, f. 8 (Dm).
H. d. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 624 (Df).
H. d. Simon, 1901e: 56, f. 8 (m).
H. senussus Caporiacco, 1928b: 101, f. 8 (Dmf).
H. d. Wesolowska, 1986: 208, f. 549-557, 559-566, 570-584 (mf, S).
H. d. Prószyn'ski, 2003: 73, f. 273-280 (mf).

mf deformis Wesolowska, 1986....................Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033783]
H. d. Wesolowska, 1986: 226, f. 819-824 (Dmf).

mf demonstrativus Wesolowska, 1986....................East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033784]
H. d. Wesolowska, 1986: 19, f. 118-123 (Dmf).
H. d. Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000: 36, f. 69-70 (m).
H. d. Wesolowska, 2003a: 261, f. 36-42 (mf).

mf deserticola Simon, 1901....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033785]
H. d. Simon, 1901e: 59, f. 13 (Dm).
H. d. Wesolowska, 1986: 12, f. 4-9 (mf).

f difficilis Wesolowska, 1986....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033786]
H. d. Wesolowska, 1986: 226, f. 825-827 (Df).

mf dubius C. L. Koch, 1835....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033787]
H. d. C. L. Koch, 1835: 128, pl. 12-13 (Dmf).
H. d. C. L. Koch, 1846: 61, f. 1317-1318 (mf).
H. nitens C. L. Koch, 1846: 63, f. 1319 (Df).
H. karpinskii Simon, 1868b: 679 (Dmf).
H. d. Simon, 1876a: 146, pl. 10, f. 4 (mf).
H. d. Becker, 1882b: 59, pl. 4, f. 9 (mf).
H. d. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 8, pl. 1, f. 22 (mf).
H. d. Bösenberg, 1903: 415, pl. 39, f. 610 (mf).
H. d. Dahl, 1926: 44, f. 137-138 (mf).
H. d. Simon, 1937: 1159, 1248, f. 1802-1803 (m).
H. d. Palmgren, 1943: 17, f.
H. d. Tullgren, 1944: 55, f. 27d, pl. 5, f. 99-100 (mf).
H. d. Vilbaste, 1969: 143, f. 112D, 118A-C, 119A-B (mf).
H. d. Tyschchenko, 1971: 88, f. 152, 163 (mf).
H. d. Miller, 1971: 144, pl. XXII, f. 7-9 (mf).
H. d. Harm, 1971: 65, f. 3, 27-31 (mf).
H. d. Braendegaard, 1972: 141, f. 76-77 (mf).
H. d. Ledoux, 1972: 93, f. 2-3 (f).
H. d. Wesolowska, 1986: 211, f. 622-628 (mf).
H. d. Izmailova, 1989: 157, f. 157 (f).
H. d. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 504, f. 1352 (mf).
H. d. Peng et al., 1993: 89, f. 277-279 (f).
H. d. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 123, f. 54A-D (mf).
H. d. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 77, f. 43-50 (mf).
H. d. Zabka, 1997: 59, f. 166-173 (mf).
H. d. Bellmann, 1997: 220, f. (f).
H. d. Roberts, 1998: 201, f. (mf).
H. d. Metzner, 1999: 102, f. 67a-g (mf).
H. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 514, f. 300F, 326I (f).
H. d. Almquist, 2006: 537, f. 449a-g (mf).

mf dunini Rakov & Logunov, 1997....................Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033788]
H. d. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 80, f. 29, 51-54, 59-60 (Dmf).

mf dux Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033789]
H. d. Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994: 35, f. 75-83 (Dmf).

mf edentulus Simon, 1871....................Nigeria, Mediterranean to Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033790]
H. e. Simon, 1871: 351 (Dm).
Salticus delectus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 326 (Dmf).
Salticus heliophanoides O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 328 (Dm).
Salticus aeratus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 339 (Df).
Attus delectus O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 610, pl. 60, f. 88 (mf).
H. e. Simon, 1937: 1157, 1248, f. 1801 (m).
H. e. Wesolowska, 1986: 17, f. 96-104 (mf, S).
H. e. Metzner, 1999: 98, f. 63a-h (mf).
H. e. Prószyn'ski, 2003: 75, f. 281-286 (mf, S).

mf encifer Simon, 1871....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033791]
H. e. Simon, 1871: 342 (Dm).
Salticus facetus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 344 (Dm).
H. e. Simon, 1876a: 149, pl. 10, f. 6 (m).
H. facetus Simon, 1876a: 165.
H. e. Simon, 1937: 1160, 1248, f. 1810-1811 (m).
H. e. Wesolowska, 1986: 40, f. 456-466 (mf, S).
H. e. Prószyn'ski, 2003: 77, f. 287-291 (mf).

mf equester L. Koch, 1867....................Italy to Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033792]
H. e. L. Koch, 1867c: 869 (Dm).
H. lacteus L. Koch, in Simon, 1868b: 706 (Df).
H. lacteus Simon, 1878b: 210 (Dm).
H. e. Cantarella, 1974: 162, f. 5-8 (m).
H. e. Wesolowska, 1986: 213, f. 652-660 (mf, S).
H. e. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 82, f. 62-66 (mf).
H. e. Metzner, 1999: 102, f. 68a-i (mf).
H. e. Prószyn'ski, 2003: 77, f. 292-295 (mf).

f erythropleurus Kulczyn'ski, 1901....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033793]
H. e. Kulczyn'ski, 1901a: 51, pl. 2, f. 49 (Df).
H. e. Wesolowska, 1986: 226, f. 828 (f).

mf eucharis Simon, 1887....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033794]
H. e. Simon, 1887a: 261 (Dmf).
H. e. Wesolowska, 1986: 15, f. 64-69 (mf).

mf excentricus Ledoux, 2007....................Comoro Is., Reunion [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041230]
H. e. Ledoux, 2007: 27, f. 25A-E (Dmf).
H. e. Dierkens, 2012c: 72, f. 4-6 (mf).

mf falcatus Wesolowska, 1986....................Congo, Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033795]
H. f. Wesolowska, 1986: 35, f. 367-375 (Dmf).
Natta immemorata Wesolowska, 1993a: 30, f. 42-44 (Df).
H. f. Wesolowska, 2003a: 263 (S).

mf fascinatus Wesolowska, 1986....................Sudan to South Africa (possibly introduced to Switzerland) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033796]
H. f. Wesolowska, 1986: 23, f. 186-198 (Dmf).
H. f. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 44, f. 76-80 (mf).
H. f. Hänggi & Stäubli, 2013: 71, f. 9.1-4 (m).

m feltoni Logunov, 2009....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043094]
H. f. Logunov, 2009c: 901, f. 1-5 (Dm).

mf flavipes (Hahn, 1832)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033797]
Salticus f. Hahn, 1832: 66, f. 50 (Dmf).
Salticus f. Hahn, 1836: 2, pl. 31, f. c (f).
H. f. C. L. Koch, 1846: 64, f. 1320-1322 (mf).
Attus f. Westring, 1861: 585.
H. f. anglicus Simon, 1868b: 681 (D).
H. hecticus Simon, 1868b: 685 (Dm).
H. corsicus Simon, 1871: 344 (Dm).
H. fulvignathus Simon, 1871: 345 (Dm).
H. cupreus Simon, 1876a: 144, pl. 10, f. 1 (Df, not m).
H. f. Simon, 1876a: 151, pl. 10, f. 7 (mf).
H. fulvignathus Simon, 1876a: 152, pl. 10, f. 9 (m, Df).
H. corsicus Simon, 1876a: 154, pl. 10, f. 17 (m).
H. f. Becker, 1882b: 61, pl. 3, f. 9 (mf).
H. varians Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 9 (Df).
H. f. Bösenberg, 1903: 417, pl. 40, f. 614 (mf).
H. f. nigripes Yurinich & Drensky, 1917: 133 (D; N.B.: considered a nomen dubium by Deltshev & Blagoev, 2001: 110).
H. ritteri Dahl, 1926: 43, f. 131-132 (mf).
H. f. Simon, 1937: 1163, 1169, 1250, f. 1820-1821 (mf).
H. corsicus Simon, 1937: 1165, 1249, f. 1822-1823 (m).
H. ritteri Palmgren, 1943: 17, f.
H. ritteri Tullgren, 1944: 54, f. 27c, 28c, pl. 5, f. 97-98 (mf).
H. f. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 214, f. 106B, F, H (mf).
H. corsicus Kraus, 1955a: 389, f. 28-30 (m).
H. f. Kekenbosch, 1961b: 11, f. 14 (removed mf from S of H. ritteri).
H. f. Cooke, 1962: 249, f. 2 (f).
H. f. Azheganova, 1968: 145, f. 339, 353 (mf).
H. ritteri Vilbaste, 1969: 139, f. 112B, 115A-C, 116A-B (mf).
H. f. Tyschchenko, 1971: 88, f. 161, 164 (mf).
H. f. Miller, 1971: 146, pl. XXII, f. 12-13 (mf).
H. f. Harm, 1971: 60, f. 2, 18-21 (mf).
H. f. Braendegaard, 1972: 138, f. 72B, 74, 75B (mf).
H. f. Punda, 1975b: 85, f. 200-203 (m).
H. f. Roberts, 1985: 118, f. 48b (mf).
H. f. Zhou & Song, 1985b: 275, f. 6a-c (m).
H. f. Wesolowska, 1986: 213, f. 640-651 (mf, S).
H. f. Hu & Wu, 1989: 369, f. 289.1-8 (mf).
H. f. Izmailova, 1989: 158, f. 159 (f).
H. f. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 504, f. 1348 (mf).
H. f. Roberts, 1995: 186, f. (mf).
H. f. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 127, f. 57A-D (mf).
H. f. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 83, f. 67-74 (mf).
H. f. Mcheidze, 1997: 102, f. 122-124 (mf).
H. f. Zabka, 1997: 60, f. 174-181 (mf).
H. f. Roberts, 1998: 198, f. (mf).
H. f. Metzner, 1999: 104, f. 69a-h (mf).
H. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 514, f. 300M-N (m).
H. f. Almquist, 2006: 537, f. 450a-h (mf).

m forcipifer Kulczyn'ski, 1895....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033798]
H. f. Kulczyn'ski, 1895a: 5, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dm).
H. f. Wesolowska, 1986: 215, f. 667-670 (m).
H. f. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 88, f. 76-83 (m, Df).

m fuerteventurae Schmidt & Krause, 1996....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033799]
H. f. Schmidt & Krause, 1996: 269, f. 8-9 (Dm).

mf giltayi Lessert, 1933....................Kenya to Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033800]
H. g. Lessert, 1933: 147, f. 64-66 (Dmf).
H. clercki Caporiacco, 1949a: 477, f. 92a-b (Dmf).
H. g. Wesolowska, 1986: 24, f. 201-209 (mf, S).

m gladiator Wesolowska, 1986....................Kenya, Malawi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033801]
H. g. Wesolowska, 1986: 38, f. 434-441 (Dm, not f, =H. imperator).

mf glaucus Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895....................Egypt, Libya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033802]
H. g. Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 33, pl. 1, f. 9 (Dj).
H. albescens Denis, 1947a: 68, pl. 5, f. 1-3, pl. 6, f. 3 (Dmf).
H. g. Wesolowska, 1986: 208, f. 558, 567-569 (f, Sm).

mf gloriosus Wesolowska, 1986....................Angola, Botswana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033803]
H. g. Wesolowska, 1986: 16, f. 79-89 (Dmf).

f gramineus Wesolowska & Haddad, 2013....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045908]
H. g. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2013: 204, f. 11, 80-81 (Df).

mf hamifer Simon, 1886....................Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Comoro Is., Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033804]
H. h. Simon, 1886g: 388, f. 1 (Dm).
H. h. Simon, 1901e: 53, f. 2 (m).
H. h. Wanless, 1984c: 73, f. 24a-f (m, Df).
H. h. Wesolowska, 1986: 37, f. 420-431 (mf).
H. h. Saaristo, 2010: 189, f. 27.64-67 (mf).
H. h. Dierkens, 2012c: 72, f. 1-3 (mf).

mf harpago Simon, 1910....................Central, West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033805]
H. h. Simon, 1910c: 425, f. 21 (Dm).
H. h. Wesolowska, 1986: 33, f. 341-345 (m, Df).

mf hastatus Wesolowska, 1986....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033806]
H. h. Wesolowska, 1986: 24, f. 210-214 (Dm).
H. h. Wesolowska, 2003a: 263, f. 43-48 (m, Df).

mf heurtaultae Rollard & Wesolowska, 2002....................Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038249]
H. h. Rollard & Wesolowska, 2002: 293, f. 8A-F, 9A-D (Dmf).

f horrifer Wesolowska, 1986....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033807]
H. h. Wesolowska, 1986: 227, f. 829-830 (Df).

m ibericus Wesolowska, 1986....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033808]
H. i. Wesolowska, 1986: 209, f. 585-588 (Dm).

m imerinensis Simon, 1901....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033809]
H. i. Simon, 1901e: 53, f. 3 (Dm).
H. i. Wesolowska, 1986: 37, f. 412-419 (m).

mf imperator Wesolowska, 1986....................Kenya, Malawi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033810]
H. i. Wesolowska, 1986: 25, f. 226-230 (Dm).
H. i. Wesolowska, 2003a: 265, f. 49-54 (m, Tf from H. gladiator).

mf improcerus Wesolowska, 1986....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033811]
H. i. Wesolowska, 1986: 35, f. 376-383 (Dmf).

mf infaustus (Peckham & Peckham, 1903)....................East Africa, Zimbabwe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033279]
Euophrys infausta Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 204, pl. 22, f. 7 (Df).
H. orchestioides Lessert, 1925a: 461, f. 43-45 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033840].
H. orchestioides Wesolowska, 1986: 32, f. 327-340 (mf).
H. orchestioides Wesolowska & Cumming, 2008: 182, f. 44-49 (mf).
H. i. Wesolowska, 2012b: 328 (Tf from Euophrys, Sm).

f innominatus Wesolowska, 1986....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033812]
H. i. Wesolowska, 1986: 38, f. 432-433 (Df).

mf insperatus Wesolowska, 1986....................Angola, Zimbabwe, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033813]
H. i. Wesolowska, 1986: 17, f. 90-95 (Dm).
H. i. Wesolowska, 2003a: 268, f. 55-61 (m, Df).

mf iranus Wesolowska, 1986....................Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033814]
H. i. Wesolowska, 1986: 223, f. 776-786 (Dmf).

mf jacksoni Wesolowska, 2011....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044487]
H. j. Wesolowska, 2011a: 482, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

f japonicus Kishida, 1910....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033815]
H. j. Kishida, 1910: 3 (Df).

mf kankanensis Berland & Millot, 1941....................Central, West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033816]
H. k. Berland & Millot, 1941: 322, f. 24 (Dmf).
H. k. Wesolowska, 1986: 36, f. 384-400 (mf).

mf kenyaensis Wesolowska, 1986....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033817]
H. k. Wesolowska, 1986: 26, f. 240-252 (Dmf).

f kilimanjaroensis Wesolowska, 1986....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033818]
H. k. Wesolowska, 1986: 28, f. 259-260 (Df).

f kittenbergeri (Caporiacco, 1947)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033284]
Euophrys k. Caporiacco, 1947d: 236, pl. 2, f. 68 (Df).
H. k. Wesolowska, Azarkina & Russell-Smith, 2014: 5 (Tf from Euophrys).

mf kochii Simon, 1868....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033819]
H. albosignatus L. Koch, 1867c: 871 (Df; suppressed by ICZN Opinion 1611).
H. k. Simon, 1868b: 699, pl. 7, f. 13 (Dmf; this spelling mandated by ICZN Opinion 1611).
H. armatus Simon, 1868b: 700 (Dmf).
H. calcarifer Simon, 1868b: 701 (Dm).
H. cernuus Simon, 1868b: 701 (Dmf).
H. albosignatus Simon, 1868b: 702 (Dm).
Salticus furcatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 346 (Dm).
H. k. Simon, 1876a: 156, pl. 10, f. 15 (mf).
H. furcatus Simon, 1876a: 165.
H. k. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 9, pl. 1, f. 28 (mf).
H. k. Simon, 1937: 1163, 1167, 1250, f. 1818-1819, 1834 (mf).
H. kochi Tyschchenko, 1971: 88, f. 158 (m).
H. kochi Miller, 1971: 144, pl. XXI, f. 24, pl. XXII, f. 15-16 (mf).
H. calcarifer Prószyn'ski, 1976: 186, f. 386-388 (mf).
H. kochi Prószyn'ski, 1976: 186, f. 396 (f).
H. kochi Prószyn'ski, 1979: 309, f. 104-106 (f).
H. calcarifer Flanczewska, 1981: 200, f. 36-40 (m).
H. k. Wesolowska, 1986: 217, f. 702-717 (mf, S).
H. k. Hansen, 1986: 106, f. 1-2, 22 (mf).
H. kochi Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 504, f. 1347 (mf).
H. kochi Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 131, f. 59A-G (mf).
H. kochi Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 76, f. 33-34, 84-86 (mf).
H. k. Roberts, 1998: 199, f. (mf).
H. k. Metzner, 1999: 106, f. 72a-g (mf).
H. kochi Prószyn'ski, 2003: 78, f. 296-299 (mf).
H. k. Van Keer et al., 2006: 35, f. 2 (mf).
H. k. Stankovic, 2012: 39, f. 1a-c (m).

mf koktas Logunov, 1992....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033820]
H. k. Logunov, 1992a: 52, f. 1a-k (Dmf).
H. k. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 89, f. 87-96 (mf).

mf konradthaleri Logunov, 2009....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043095]
H. k. Logunov, 2009c: 903, f. 6-12 (Dmf).

m kovacsi Wesolowska, 2003....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039083]
H. k. Wesolowska, 2003a: 268, f. 62-66 (Dm).

mf lawrencei Wesolowska, 1986....................Congo, Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033821]
H. l. Wesolowska, 1986: 34, f. 359-366 (Dmf).

mf lesserti Wesolowska, 1986....................Central, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033822]
H. l. Wesolowska, 1986: 31, f. 320-326 (Dmf).
H. l. Wesolowska, 2011b: 315, f. 20-24, 88 (m).

m leucopes Wesolowska, 2003....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039084]
H. l. Wesolowska, 2003a: 270, f. 67-72 (Dm).

mf lineiventris Simon, 1868....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033823]
H. l. Simon, 1868b: 688 (Dmf).
H. l. Simon, 1876a: 158, pl. 10, f. 11 (mf).
H. l. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 9, pl. 1, f. 29 (mf).
H. miles Simon, 1878b: 209 (Dm).
H. semipullatus Denis, 1953a: 90, f. 1-2 (Dm).
H. l. Kraus, 1955a: 392, f. 35 (f).
H. semipullatus steineri Denis, 1957b: 285, f. 5 (Dm).
H. pouzdranensis Miller, 1958c: 152, pl. III, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
H. albonotatus Denis, 1962e: 81, f. 1 (Df).
H. albonotatus Denis, 1964e: 104, f. 1-4 (Dm).
H. l. Vilbaste, 1969: 141, f. 112C, 117A-C (m).
H. pouzdranensis Miller, 1971: 145, pl. XXI, f. 23, pl. XXII, f. 14 (mf).
H. l. Cantarella, 1974: 164, f. 9-11, 19-21 (mf).
H. l. Prószyn'ski, 1976: 154, f. 241 (m).
H. l. Prószyn'ski, 1979: 309, f. 107-114 (mf).
H. l. Flanczewska, 1981: 204, f. 35, 49-52 (mf).
H. l. Wesolowska, 1981a: 54, f. 32 (f).
H. l. Prószyn'ski, 1982: 283, f. 28, 31, 35 (mf).
H. l. Dunin, 1984b: 132, f. 20-21 (mf).
H. flavipes Hu, 1984: 365, f. 381.1-3 (m, misidentified).
H. l. Wesolowska, 1986: 216, f. 1-3, 686-701 (mf, S).
H. l. Song, 1987: 291, f. 247 (mf).
H. l. Paik, 1987: 6, f. 11-15 (m).
H. l. Thaler, 1987d: 396, f. 19-22 (mf).
H. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 504, f. 1349 (mf).
H. l. Peng et al., 1993: 92, f. 292-300 (mf).
H. pouzdranensis Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 138, f. 63A-E (mf).
H. l. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 91, f. 28, 57-58, 97-101 (mf).
H. l. Efimik, Esyunin & Kuznetsov, 1997: 90, f. 8-9 (m).
H. l. Bellmann, 1997: 222, f. (f).
H. l. Metzner, 1999: 107, f. 73a-j (mf).
H. l. Sacher & Metzner, 1999: 38, f. 1-6 (mf).
H. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 514, f. 300G-H, O-P, 326J-K (mf).
H. l. Namkung, 2002: 595, f. 43.39a-c (mf).
H. l. Cho & Kim, 2002: 100, f. 23-24, 122-123, 229-230 (mf).
H. l. Namkung, 2003: 599, f. 43.39a-c (mf).
H. l. Ono, Ikeda & Kono, 2009: 571, f. 116-118 (mf).

f macentensis Berland & Millot, 1941....................Ivory Coast to Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033824]
H. m. Berland & Millot, 1941: 323, f. 25 (Df).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 227, f. 831-836 (f).

mf machaerodus Simon, 1909....................North Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033825]
H. m. Simon, 1909b: 39 (Dm).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 219, f. 726-732 (mf).

m maculatus Karsch, 1878....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033826]
H. m. Karsch, 1878d: 23 (Dm).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 231, f. 880-882 (m).

f malus Wesolowska, 1986....................Syria, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033827]
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 223, f. 787-788 (Df).
H. m. Prószyn'ski, 2003: 79, f. 300-302 (f).

m maralal Wesolowska, 2003....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039085]
H. m. Wesolowska, 2003a: 272, f. 73-74 (Dm).

m marshalli Peckham & Peckham, 1903....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033828]
H. marshallii Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 192, pl. 20, f. 5 (Dm).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 16, f. 75-78 (m).

mf mauricianus Simon, 1901....................Mauritius, Réunion [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033829]
H. m. Simon, 1901e: 59, f. 6 (Dm).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 36, f. 401-411 (m, Df).
H. m. Ledoux, 2007: 29, f. 29A (f).

mf megae Wesolowska, 2003....................Zimbabwe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039086]
H. m. Wesolowska, 2003a: 274, f. 75-80 (Dm).
H. m. Wesolowska, 2011b: 316, f. 25-27 (Df).

mf melinus L. Koch, 1867....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033830]
H. m. L. Koch, 1867c: 870 (Dmf).
H. viriatus Simon, 1868b: 686 (Dm).
H. grammicus Simon, 1868b: 687, pl. 7, f. 10 (Dmf).
H. expers Simon, 1868b: 698 (Dm).
Salticus expers O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 401, pl. 54, f. 5 (m).
H. expers Simon, 1876a: 160, pl. 10, f. 14 (m, Df).
H. viriatus Simon, 1876a: 161, pl. 10, f. 13 (m).
H. grammicus Simon, 1876a: 161, pl. 10, f. 18 (m).
H. m. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 9, pl. 1, f. 25 (mf).
H. viriatus Simon, 1937: 1166, 1167, 1249, f. 1830-1831 (mf).
H. expers Locket & Millidge, 1951: 214, f. 106C-D (mf).
H. viriatus Fuhn & Oltean, 1969: 169, pl. I, f. 2 (m).
H. m. Tyschchenko, 1971: 86, f. 155 (m).
H. m. Cantarella, 1974: 165, f. 12-15 (m, S).
H. m. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 27 (S).
H. m. Prószyn'ski, 1976: 186, f. 389-391 (mf).
H. viriatus Flanczewska, 1981: 209, f. 56-64 (m).
H. m. Roberts, 1985: 118, f. 48d (mf).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 220, f. 741-751 (mf).
H. m. Hansen, 1986: 106, f. 26 (f).
H. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 504, f. 1350 (mf).
H. m. Roberts, 1995: 188, f. (mf).
H. m. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 133, f. 60A-D (mf).
H. m. Mcheidze, 1997: 102, f. 120 (m).
H. m. Roberts, 1998: 200, f. (mf).
H. m. Metzner, 1999: 108, f. 74a-g (mf).

mf menemeriformis Strand, 1907....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033831]
H. m. Strand, 1907a: 546 (Dmf).
H. m. Strand, 1907n: 712 (Dmf).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 230, f. 866-870 (mf).

m minutissimus (Caporiacco, 1941)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033832]
Evophrys minutissima Caporiacco, 1941b: 139, f. 60 (Dm).
Euophrys m. Roewer, 1955c: 1179.
H. minutissima Prószyn'ski, 1987: 40 (Tm from Euophrys; H. m. is preoccupied by Simon, 1871, but Simon's name is currently considered a nomen dubium).

m mirabilis Wesolowska, 1986....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033833]
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 14, f. 50-53 (Dm).
H. m. Haddad & Wesolowska, 2013: 480, f. 44-47, 53 (m).

mf modicus Peckham & Peckham, 1903....................South Africa, Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033834]
H. m. Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 193, pl. 20, f. 2 (Df).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 25, f. 215-225 (f, Dm).

f montanus Wesolowska, 2006....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040823]
H. m. Wesolowska, 2006b: 233, f. 38-39 (Df).

mf mordax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Greece to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033835]
Salticus m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 344 (Dm).
Salticus dentatidens O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 346 (Dm).
H. m. Simon, 1876a: 165.
H. dentatidens Simon, 1876a: 165.
H. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 53, pl. 2, f. 68-70 (m, not f, =H. ensifer).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 41, f. 476-486 (m, S).
H. ignorabilis Wesolowska, 1986: 214, f. 661-663 (f, misidentified).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1996: 30 (S, rejected).
H. m. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 93, f. 102-108, 112 (m, Df).
H. m. Metzner, 1999: 110, f. 75a-h (mf).
H. m. Prószyn'ski, 2003: 79, f. 303-308 (mf).

mf mucronatus Simon, 1901....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033836]
H. m. Simon, 1901e: 57, f. 10 (Dm).
H. m. Wesolowska, 1986: 227, f. 837-842 (m, Df).
H. m. Ledoux, 2007: 31, f. 29D (f).

mf nanus Wesolowska, 2003....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039087]
H. n. Wesolowska, 2003a: 274, f. 81-86 (Dmf).

mf ndumoensis Wesolowska & Haddad, 2013....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045909]
H. n. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2013: 205, f. 12, 82-85 (Dm).
H. n. Haddad & Wesolowska, 2013: 481, f. 48-49, 54 (Df).

m nobilis Wesolowska, 1986....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033837]
H. n. Wesolowska, 1986: 228, f. 843-847 (Dm).
H. n. Wesolowska, 2003a: 276, f. 87-90 (m).

f ochrichelis Strand, 1907....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033838]
H. o. Strand, 1907a: 546 (Df).
H. o. Strand, 1907n: 715 (Df).
H. o. Wesolowska, 1986: 228, f. 848-849 (f).

mf orchesta Simon, 1886....................Central, Southern Africa, Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033839]
H. o. Simon, 1886g: 389, f. 2 (Dm).
H. o. Simon, 1901e: 54, f. 4 (m).
H. o. Simon, 1901a: 541, 550, f. 666 (m).
H. ambiguus Lessert, 1925a: 458, f. 40-42 (Dmf).
H. decoloratus Lawrence, 1927: 58, pl. 4, f. 83 (Dm).
H. o. Wesolowska, 1986: 30, f. 295-309 (mf, S).

m papyri Wesolowska, 2003....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039088]
H. p. Wesolowska, 2003a: 277, f. 91-96 (Dm).

mf parvus Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994....................Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033841]
H. p. Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994: 37, f. 84-85 (Df).
H. p. Wesolowska & van Harten, 2002: 379, f. 33-37 (Dm).

mf patagiatus Thorell, 1875....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033842]
H. p. Thorell, 1875b: 112 (Dmf).
H. metallicus Simon, 1876a: 148, pl. 10, f. 5 (mf, misidentified).
H. p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 9, pl. 1, f. 27 (mf).
H. p. Bösenberg, 1903: 416, pl. 40, f. 612 (mf).
H. p. Spassky, 1925: 54, f. 11 (f).
H. p. Dahl, 1926: 41, f. 127-128 (mf).
H. p. Simon, 1937: 1160, 1167, 1248, f. 1808-1809 (mf).
H. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 88, f. 151 (m).
H. p. Miller, 1971: 144, pl. XXI, f. 25, pl. XXII, f. 17-18 (mf).
H. p. Harm, 1971: 70, f. 5, 37-40 (mf).
H. p. Wesolowska, 1986: 221, f. 752-759 (mf).
H. p. Hu & Wu, 1989: 370, f. 290.1-6 (mf).
H. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 504, f. 1353 (mf).
H. p. Wesolowska, 1991: 2, f. 1-4 (m).
H. p. Zhao, 1993: 398, f. 201a-c (mf).
H. p. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 136, f. 62A-D (mf).
H. p. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 94, f. 115-122 (mf).
H. p. Bellmann, 1997: 222, f. (f).
H. p. Metzner, 1999: 110, f. 76a-i (mf).
H. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 514, f. 300I, Q (mf).

f patagiatus albolineatus Kulczyn'ski, 1901....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033843]
H. p. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 348 (Df).

mf patellaris Simon, 1901....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033844]
H. p. Simon, 1901e: 58, f. 11 (Dm).
H. p. Simon, 1901a: 541, 550, f. 667 (m).
H. p. Wesolowska, 1986: 22, f. 163-175 (m, Df).

mf paulus Wesolowska, 1986....................Nigeria, Botswana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033845]
H. p. Wesolowska, 1986: 22, f. 180-185 (Dmf).
H. p. Wesolowska & A. Russell-Smith, 2011: 572, f. 65-68 (mf).

mf pauper Wesolowska, 1986....................Ethiopia, Zambia, Kenya, Zimbabwe, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033846]
H. p. Wesolowska, 1986: 228, f. 850-851 (Df).
H. p. Wesolowska, 2000a: 154, f. 23-29 (f, Dm).
H. p. Wesolowska, 2003a: 279, f. 97-100 (m).

mf peckhami Simon, 1902....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033847]
H. p. Simon, 1902d: 26 (Dm).
H. beardii Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 189, pl. 20, f. 6 (Df).
H. p. Wesolowska, 1986: 13, f. 18-38 (m, Sf).

mf pistaciae Wesolowska, 2003....................Zimbabwe, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039089]
H. p. Wesolowska, 2003a: 280, f. 101-107 (Dmf).

m portentosus Wesolowska, 1986....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033848]
H. p. Wesolowska, 1986: 14, f. 45-49 (Dm).

mf potanini Schenkel, 1963....................Afghanistan, Central Asia, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033849]
H. p. Schenkel, 1963: 397, f. 228a-b (Dmf).
Menemerus fagei Schenkel, 1963: 422, f. 242a-f (Df).
H. tribulosus Prószyn'ski, 1979: 309, f. 117-118 (f, misidentified).
H. p. Wesolowska, 1981b: 133, f. 14-17 (f, S).
H. p. Prószyn'ski, 1982: 284, f. 29, 32 (mf).
H. p. Wesolowska, 1986: 219, f. 733-740 (mf).
H. p. Zhou & Song, 1988: 3, f. 4a-e (mf).
H. p. Hu & Wu, 1989: 373, f. 282.4-7 (mf).
H. p. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 97, f. 123-131 (mf).
H. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 514, f. 300R-S, 301A (mf).

m pratti Peckham & Peckham, 1903....................Namibia, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033850]
H. prattii Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 191, pl. 20, f. 7 (Dm).
H. p. Wesolowska, 1986: 39, f. 442-446 (m).
H. p. Wesolowska, 2006b: 234, f. 40-42 (m).

mf proszynskii Wesolowska, 2003....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039090]
H. p. Wesolowska, 2003a: 282, f. 108-113 (Dmf).

mf pygmaeus Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000....................Senegal, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033851]
H. p. Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000: 36, f. 73-76 (Dm).
Xuriella prima Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000: 115, f. 322-325 (f, misidentified).
H. p. Wesolowska, 2004b: 277, f. 1-13 (m, Tf from Xuriella prima).
H. p. Wesolowska & Cumming, 2008: 184, f. 50-51 (f).

m ramosus Wesolowska, 1986....................Algeria, Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033852]
H. r. Wesolowska, 1986: 42, f. 503-506 (Dm).

f redimitus Simon, 1910....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033853]
H. r. Simon, 1910b: 216 (Df).
H. r. Wesolowska, 1986: 12, f. 10-11 (f).

mf robustus Berland & Millot, 1941....................Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033854]
H. r. Berland & Millot, 1941: 323, f. 26 (Dm).
H. r. Wesolowska, 1986: 29, f. 289-294 (m).
H. r. Wesolowska & A. Russell-Smith, 2011: 573, f. 69-74, 225 (m, Df).

mf rufithorax Simon, 1868....................Southern Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033855]
H. r. Simon, 1868b: 693 (Dmf).
H. r. Simon, 1876a: 162, pl. 10, f. 19 (mf).
H. r. Simon, 1937: 1162, 1167, 1249, f. 1816-1817, 1833 (mf).
H. r. Kraus, 1955a: 392, f. 36 (f).
H. r. Wesolowska, 1986: 218, f. 718-725 (mf).
H. r. Hansen, 1986: 106, f. 3-4, 24 (mf).

mf rutrosus Wesolowska, 2003....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039091]
H. r. Wesolowska, 2003a: 284, f. 114-121 (Dmf).

mf saudis Prószyn'ski, 1989....................Saudi Arabia, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033856]
H. s. Prószyn'ski, 1989: 37, f. 5-8 (Dm).
H. s. Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994: 40, f. 86-92 (m, Df).

m semirasus Lawrence, 1928....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033857]
H. s. Lawrence, 1928: 258, pl. 22, f. 38-39 (Dm).
H. s. Wesolowska, 1986: 34, f. 354-358 (m).

mf similior Ledoux, 2007....................Reunion [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041231]
H. s. Ledoux, 2007: 30, f. 27A-B, E, 28, 29C (Dmf).

mf simplex Simon, 1868....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033858]
H. s. Simon, 1868b: 673 (Dm).
H. s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 9, pl. 1, f. 26 (m, Df).
H. s. Dahl, 1926: 45, f. 139 (m).
H. cupreus s. Simon, 1937: 1254.
H. s. Tyschchenko, 1971: 88, f. 159 (f, elevated from subspecies).
H. s. Miller, 1971: 144, pl. XXII, f. 5-6 (mf).
H. s. Harm, 1971: 77, f. 50-51 (m).
H. s. Prószyn'ski, 1976: 186, f. 394-395 (f).
H. s. Prószyn'ski, 1979: 309, f. 115-116 (f).
H. s. Wesolowska, 1986: 210, f. 601-611 (mf).
H. s. Hu & Wu, 1989: 373, f. 288.4-5 (f).
H. s. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 140, f. 64A-E (mf).
H. s. Metzner, 1999: 104, f. 70a-g (mf).
H. s. Szüts et al., 2003: 50, f. 12 (f).

m sororius Wesolowska, 2003....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040969]
H. s. Wesolowska, 2003a: 286, f. 122-126 (Dm).

m splendidus Wesolowska, 2003....................Nigeria, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040970]
H. s. Wesolowska, 2003a: 287, f. 127-132 (Dm).

mf stylifer Simon, 1878....................Morocco, Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033859]
H. keyserlingi Simon, 1878b: 208 (Dm).
H. s. Simon, 1878b: 209 (Dm).
H. s. Denis, 1937b: 1053, pl. 5, f. 1-2 (m, Df).
H. s. Wesolowska, 1986: 43, f. 507-513 (mf, S).

m tenuitas Wesolowska, 2011....................Zimbabwe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044504]
H. t. Wesolowska, 2011b: 318, f. 28-31 (Dm).

mf termitophagus Wesolowska & Haddad, 2002....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039092]
H. t. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2002: 198, f. 1A-F, 2A-F (Dmf; N.B.: spelled termiophagus in species heading, but correct elsewhere).

m thaleri Wesolowska, 2009....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042971]
H. t. Wesolowska, 2009d: 1409, f. 1-5 (Dm).

mf transvaalicus Simon, 1901....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033860]
H. t. Simon, 1901e: 55, f. 7 (Dmf).
H. t. Simon, 1901a: 541, 550, f. 668 (m).
H. t. Wesolowska, 1986: 33, f. 346-353 (mf).

mf trepidus Simon, 1910....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033861]
H. t. Simon, 1910b: 215 (Dm; erroneously listed as H. tropicus in Roewer).
H. t. Wesolowska, 1986: 20, f. 133-147 (m, Df).
H. t. Wesolowska, 2003a: 290, f. 135-137 (m).
H. t. Wesolowska & Cumming, 2008: 185, f. 52-54 (m).
H. t. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 46, f. 81, 82 (f).

mf tribulosus Simon, 1868....................Europe to Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033862]
H. t. Simon, 1868b: 694 (Dmf).
H. cambridgii Simon, 1868b: 695, pl. 7, f. 12 (Dmf).
H. cognatus Simon, 1868b: 692 (Dmf).
H. cambridgei Simon, 1876a: 163, pl. 10, f. 12 (mf).
H. cambridgei Becker, 1882b: 63, pl. 3, f. 10 (mf).
H. cambridgei Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 10, pl. 1, f. 23 (mf).
H. cambridgei Bösenberg, 1903: 418, pl. 40, f. 615 (mf).
H. cambridgei Dahl, 1926: 41, f. 125-126 (mf).
H. t. Simon, 1937: 1162, 1167, 1249, f. 1814-1815, 1832 (mf).
H. pubescens Denis, 1964e: 106, f. 5-11 (Dmf).
H. t. Tyschchenko, 1971: 87, f. 156, 162 (mf).
H. t. Harm, 1971: 72, f. 6, 41-45 (mf).
H. t. Cantarella, 1974: 159, f. 16-18 (m, S).
H. t. Prószyn'ski, 1976: 186, f. 383-385 (m).
H. t. Flanczewska, 1981: 204, f. 53-55 (f).
H. t. Wesolowska, 1986: 42, f. 492-502 (mf).
H. t. Hansen, 1986: 106, f. 23 (f).
H. t. Thaler, 1987d: 399 (confirmed H. cognatus Simon, 1868 as junior synonym, contra Wesolowska, 1986 who considered it a nomen dubium).
H. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 504, f. 1346 (mf).
H. t. Baldacchino et al., 1993: 45, f. 4a-b (mf).
H. t. Roberts, 1995: 187, f. (mf).
H. t. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 142, f. 65A-D (mf).
H. t. Mcheidze, 1997: 102, f. 121 (m).
H. t. Bellmann, 1997: 222, f. (f).
H. t. Roberts, 1998: 198, f. (mf).
H. t. Metzner, 1999: 100, f. 65a-j (mf).

f tristis Wesolowska, 2003....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039093]
H. t. Wesolowska, 2003a: 289, f. 133-134 (Df).

mf turanicus Charitonov, 1969....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033863]
H. t. Charitonov, 1969: 124, f. 13-14 (Dmf).
H. t. Wesolowska, 1986: 216, f. 684-685 (mf).
H. t. Wesolowska, 1996: 30, f. 15A-D, 16A-C (mf).
H. t. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 99, f. 30, 55-56, 132-136 (mf).

mf undecimmaculatus Caporiacco, 1941....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033864]
H. u. Caporiacco, 1941b: 137, f. 59 (Df).
H. u. Wesolowska, 1986: 18, f. 105-117 (f, Dm).
H. u. Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000: 38, f. 71-72 (m).

mf ussuricus Kulczyn'ski, 1895....................Russia, Mongolia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033865]
H. u. Kulczyn'ski, 1895d: 51, pl. 2, f. 6-9 (Dmf).
H. u. Prószyn'ski, 1979: 310, f. 119-129 (mf).
H. u. Wesolowska, 1981a: 55, f. 33 (f).
H. u. Prószyn'ski, 1982: 285, f. 30 (m).
H. u. Dunin, 1984b: 133, f. 22-24 (mf).
H. cupreus Hu, 1984: 364, f. 380.1-3 (m, misidentified).
H. u. Paik, 1985g: 46, f. 11-16 (m).
H. u. Zhu et al., 1985: 203, f. 32, 186a-b (m).
H. u. Wesolowska, 1986: 43, f. 514-522 (mf).
H. u. Matsuda, 1986: 87, f. 27-30 (mf).
H. u. Song, 1987: 292, f. 248 (m).
H. u. Paik, 1987: 8, f. 31-39 (f).
H. u. Zhang, 1987: 239, f. 211.1-2 (m).
H. u. Wesolowska & Marusik, 1990: 92, f. 16-19 (f).
H. u. Peng et al., 1993: 94, f. 301-309 (mf).
H. u. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 514, f. 301B, I-J (mf).
H. u. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 433, f. 287A-D (mf).
H. u. Namkung, 2002: 596, f. 43.40a-b (mf).
H. u. Cho & Kim, 2002: 101, f. 25-26, 124, 231-232 (mf).
H. u. Kim & Cho, 2002: 106, f. 121-126 (mf).
H. u. Namkung, 2003: 600, f. 43.40a-b (mf).
H. u. Ono, Ikeda & Kono, 2009: 572, f. 119-121 (mf).
H. u. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 483, f. 349A-D (mf).
H. u. Yin et al., 2012: 1382, f. 751a-i (mf).

f uvirensis Wesolowska, 1986....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033866]
H. u. Wesolowska, 1986: 229, f. 852-853 (Df).

mf validus Wesolowska, 1986....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033867]
H. v. Wesolowska, 1986: 27, f. 253-258 (Dmf).

mf variabilis (Vinson, 1863)....................Reunion [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041229]
Attus v. Vinson, 1863: 53, 301, pl. 10, f. 6 (Df; N.B.: considered a nomen dubium by Roewer, 1955c: 1431).
H. v. Ledoux, 2007: 29, f. 2, 26A-E, 29B (Tf from Attus=Salticus, Dm).

mf verus Wesolowska, 1986....................Iran, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033868]
H. v. Wesolowska, 1986: 223, f. 789-792 (Dm).
H. ignorabilis Wesolowska, 1986: 214, f. 664-665 (Df, holotype only, not f. 661-3, =H. mordax).
H. v. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 100, f. 109-111, 113, 137-139 (m, Sf).

mf wesolowskae Rakov & Logunov, 1997....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033870]
H. w. Rakov & Logunov, 1997a: 101, f. 140-145 (Dmf).

f wulingensis Peng & Xie, 1996....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033871]
H. w. Peng & Xie, 1996: 32, f. 1-4 (Df).
H. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 514, f. 301C-D (f).

mf xanthopes Wesolowska, 2003....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039094]
H. x. Wesolowska, 2003a: 291, f. 138-145 (Dmf).

m xerxesi Logunov, 2009....................Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043096]
H. x. Logunov, 2009c: 905, f. 13-17 (Dm).