The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: LINYPHIIDAE

Gen. Helophora Menge, 1866 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01006]

N.B.: treated by Roewer as a synonym of Linyphia Latreille, 1804 but accepted by all recent authors.

Transferred to other genera:
H. ontariensis (Emerton, 1925) -- see Allomengea.
H. sitkaensis (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Allomengea.

In synonymy:
H. phylax (Chamberlin, 1920, T from Bathyphantes) = H. orinoma (Chamberlin, 1919) (Ivie, 1969: 6).
H. sagittata (Grube, 1861, T from Linyphia where "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer) = H. insignis (Blackwall, 1841) (van Helsdingen, 1978b: 186).

mf insignis (Blackwall, 1841) *....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010791]
Linyphia i. Blackwall, 1841: 662 (Df).
Linyphia pallescens Westring, 1851: 37 (D).
Linyphia pallescens Westring, 1861: 119 (Dmf).
Linyphia sagittata Grube, 1861: 8 (D).
Linyphia i. Blackwall, 1864a: 238, pl. 17, f. 160 (f, Dm).
H. pallescens Menge, 1866: 127, pl. 23, f. 50 (mf).
H. i. Emerton, 1882: 67, pl. 21, f. 3 (mf).
Linyphia i. Keyserling, 1886b: 80, pl. 13, f. 176 (mf).
H. i. Bösenberg, 1901: 90, pl. 8, f. 107 (mf).
Linyphia i. Emerton, 1902: 146, f. 348-350 (mf).
Scaptophorus i. Hull, 1920: 8.
Linyphia i. Simon, 1929: 636, 745, f. 974-975 (mf).
H. i. Blauvelt, 1936: 155, pl. 15, f. 105-110, pl. 16, f. 113, 116 (mf).
Linyphia i. Comstock, 1940: 402, f. 402 (f).
H. i. Kaston, 1948: 126, f. 261-265 (Tmf from Linyphia).
H. i. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 395, f. 237A-B (mf).
H. i. Wiehle, 1956: 289, f. 476-480 (mf).
H. i. Merrett, 1963b: 372, f. 28A-D (m).
H. i. Beer, 1964: 527, f. 5 (f).
H. i. Wiehle, 1967b: 187, f. 22 (f).
H. i. Tyschchenko, 1971: 214, f. 642 (f).
H. i. Miller, 1971: 219, pl. XLII, f. 3-4 (mf).
H. i. Palmgren, 1975: 37, f. 7.25-27 (mf).
H. i. Millidge, 1977: 48, f. 198 (m).
H. i. van Helsdingen, 1978b: 186 (S).
H. i. Millidge, 1984b: 246, f. 84 (f).
H. i. Roberts, 1987: 159, f. 82a (mf).
Linyphia i. Izmailova, 1989: 76, f. 56 (f).
H. i. Tanasevitch, 1990: 81, f. 13.15-16, 14.20 (mf).
H. i. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 166, f. 453 (mf).
H. i. Li, Song & Zhu, 1994: 80, f. 27 (f).
H. i. Roberts, 1995: 363, f. (mf).
H. i. Tao, Li & Zhu, 1995: 246, f. 69-75 (mf).
H. i. Roberts, 1998: 373, f. (mf).
H. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 170, f. 97O-P, 98A-B (mf).
H. i. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 139, f. 1531-1534 (mf).
H. i. Tu & Hormiga, 2010: 61, f. 7a-c (f).

f kueideensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037573]
H. k. Hu, 2001: 499, f. 331.1-5 (Df).

mf orinoma (Chamberlin, 1919)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010792]
Linyphia o. Chamberlin, 1919a: 248, pl. 17, f. 4 (Df).
Bathyphantes phylax Chamberlin, 1920a: 195, f. 20.3 (Dmf).
Linyphia o. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933a: 31, pl. 8, f. 85-86 (Dm).
H. o. Ivie, 1969: 6 (removed mf from S of Linyphia reducta, S).

mf reducta (Keyserling, 1886)....................USA, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010793]
Linyphia r. Keyserling, 1886b: 73, pl. 13, f. 172 (Df).
H. r. Blauvelt, 1936: 158, pl. 16, f. 111-112, 114-115, 117-118 (mf).

f tunagyna Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010794]
H. t. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943: 6, f. 5 (Df).