The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: LINYPHIIDAE

Gen. Hilaira Simon, 1884 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01010]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Utopiellum Strand, 1901 by Holm, 1945b: 28, of Arctilaira Chamberlin, 1921 by Holm, 1960b: 119, and of Soudinus Crosby & Bishop, 1936 by Marusik et al., 1993a: 68; not a junior synonym of Leptothrix Menge, 1869 (Merrett, Locket & Millidge, 1985: 397, contra Millidge, 1977); not a senior synonym of Oreoneta Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894 (Saaristo & Marusik, 2004a: 208).

Transferred to other genera:
H. algida Hackman, 1954 -- see Sougambus.
H. alpina Eskov, 1987 -- see Oreoneta.
H. balia Crosby & Bishop, 1929 -- see Neomaso.
H. carli Lessert, 1907 -- see Sciastes.
H. corneliae (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944) -- see Disembolus.
H. dubia Hackman, 1954 -- see Sciastes.
H. frigida (Thorell, 1872) -- see Oreoneta.
H. frigida brunnea (Emerton, 1882) -- see Oreoneta brunnea.
H. frigida intercepta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873) -- see Oreoneta intercepta.
H. holmi Eskov, 1981 -- see Drepanotylus.
H. hyperborea Kulczyn'ski, 1908 -- see Sciastes.
H. leviceps (L. Koch, 1879) -- see Oreoneta.
H. mentasta (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947) -- see Sciastes.
H. modesta (Thorell, 1872) -- see Oreoneta.
H. mongolica Wunderlich, 1995 -- see Oreoneta.
H. montigena (L. Koch, 1872) -- see Oreoneta.
H. montigena arctica Holm, 1960 -- see Oreoneta arctica.
H. plagiata Tullgren, 1901 -- see Laminacauda.
H. punctata Tullgren, 1955 -- see Oreoneta.
H. sinuosa Tullgren, 1955 -- see Oreoneta.
H. tatrica Kulczyn'ski, 1915 -- see Oreoneta.
H. tatrica garrina Chamberlin, 1949 -- see Oreoneta garrina.
H. uncata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873) -- see Drepanotylus.

In synonymy:
H. aquilonia (Hackman, 1954, T from Sciastes) = H. canaliculata (Emerton, 1915) (Aitchison-Benell & Dondale, 1990: 224, sub Soudinus).
H. bellans (Chamberlin, 1921) = H. vexatrix (O. P.-Cambridge, 1877) (Holm, 1960b: 119).
H. glacialis thienemanni Schenkel, 1939 = H. pervicax Hull, 1908 (Holm, 1945b: 29).
H. mirabilis (L. Koch, 1879, removed from S of H. consimilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875) = H. herniosa (Thorell, 1875) (Holm, 1945b: 28).
H. monedula Saito, 1986 = H. herniosa (Thorell, 1875) (Eskov, 1987a: 1030).
H. ruderalis (Sørensen, 1898, T from Araeoncus) = H. vexatrix (O. P.-Cambridge, 1877) (Holm, 1956: 464, contra Braendegaard, 1946: 39).
H. ryabukhini Eskov & Marusik, 1991 = H. canaliculata (Emerton, 1915) (Marusik et al., 1993a: 68).
H. zaicewi Kulczyn'ski, 1916 = H. proletaria (L. Koch, 1879) (Holm, 1973: 85).

Nomen dubium:
H. consimilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875b: 192, pl. 27, f. 2, m, originally Erigone consimile) -- Holm, 1945b: 28,

mf asiatica Eskov, 1987....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010802]
H. a. Eskov, 1987a: 1022, f. 2.1-4 (Dmf).

mf banini Marusik & Tanasevitch, 2003....................Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038550]
H. b. Marusik & Tanasevitch, 2003: 162, f. 16-17, 22-25 (Dmf).

mf canaliculata (Emerton, 1915)....................Russia, USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010803]
Gongylidium canaliculatum Emerton, 1915b: 151, pl. 2, f. 6 (Dmf).
Soudinus canaliculatus Crosby & Bishop, 1936b: 59, pl. 5, f. 17-20 (mf).
H. aquilonia Hackman, 1954: 27, f. 93, 97-99, 101 (Df).
Sciastes aquilonia Eskov, 1981b: 1487 (Tf from Hilaira).
Soudinus canaliculatus Aitchison-Benell & Dondale, 1990: 224 (Tmf from Hilaira, S).
H. ryabukhini Eskov & Marusik, 1991: 244, f. 41-45 (Dmf).
H. canalicata Marusik et al., 1993a: 68 (S).
H. c. Marusik & Koponen, 2002: 161, f. 5-11, 17-22 (mf).
H. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 110, f. 1114-1116 (mf).

mf dapaensis Wunderlich, 1983....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010804]
H. d. Wunderlich, 1983a: 232, f. 27-31 (Dmf).

mf devitata Eskov, 1987....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010805]
H. d. Eskov, 1987a: 1023, f. 3.1-5 (Dmf).

mf excisa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871) *....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010806]
Neriene e. O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 440, pl. 56, f. 29 (Dm).
H. e. Simon, 1884a: 375, f. 150-152 (m, Df).
H. e. Simon, 1894a: 701, f. 759 (m).
H. e. Hull, 1908: 115, pl. 5, f. 2b, 3b (mf).
H. e. Miller, 1936a: 186, f. 10 (m).
H. e. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 321, f. 195A-B, E, 196E (mf).
H. e. Tullgren, 1955: 386, f. 87 (f).
H. e. Wiehle, 1956: 25, f. 32-35 (mf).
H. e. Merrett, 1963b: 387, f. 47A-B (m).
H. e. Tyschchenko, 1971: 214, f. 649 (f).
H. e. Miller, 1971: 236, pl. XLVI, f. 20-22 (mf).
H. e. Millidge, 1977: 8, f. 14 (m).
H. e. Roberts, 1987: 107, f. 51a, 52a (mf).
H. e. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 170, f. 457 (mf).
H. e. Hormiga, 2000: 41, f. 14A-I, pl. 33A-F, 34A-F (mf).
H. e. Saaristo & Marusik, 2004a: 209, f. 2A-B, 5A-B, 6B, 7-12 (mf).

mf gertschi Holm, 1960....................Wrangel Is., Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010810]
H. vexatrix g. Holm, 1960b: 120, f. 23-25 (Dmf).
H. g. Eskov, 1981b: 1487 (elevated from subspecies).

mf gibbosa Tanasevitch, 1982....................Russia, Mongolia, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010811]
H. g. Tanasevitch, 1982: 1505, pl. 1, f. 5-7, pl. 3, f. 5-7, pl. 4, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
H. g. Wunderlich, 1995e: 497, f. 73-76 (mf).
H. g. Tanasevitch, 2013c: 286, f. 84-85 (f).

mf glacialis (Thorell, 1871)....................Norway, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010812]
Erigone g. Thorell, 1871b: 694 (Df).
H. g. Kulczyn'ski, 1902b: 345, pl. 7, f. 13-14 (f).
H. g. Simon, 1907b: 505 (Dm).
H. g. Holm, 1937: 6, f. 3b, e, h (m).
H. g. Braendegaard, 1946: 39 (S, rejected).
H. g. Holm, 1956: 464, f. 5a-f (f).
H. g. Marusik & Tanasevitch, 2003: 164, f. 20-21, 30-32 (mf).

mf herniosa (Thorell, 1875)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010813]
Erigone h. Thorell, 1875a: 87 (Df).
Erigone h. Thorell, 1875c: 32 (Df).
Erigone mirabilis L. Koch, 1879c: 49, pl. 2, f. 4 (Dmf).
Utopiellum mirabile Strand, 1901b: 31.
H. mirabilis Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 13, pl. 1, f. 18 (f).
Gongylidium curvitarsis Emerton, 1917: 262, f. 14 (Dmf).
H. curvitarsis Emerton, 1920: 316.
Utopiellum curvitarse Chamberlin, 1921c: 40.
Utopiellum mirabile Bishop & Crosby, 1935c: 236, pl. 20, f. 38-41 (mf).
H. h. Holm, 1945b: 28 (removed from S of Oreonetides vaginatus, S).
H. h. Vogelsanger, 1948: 38, f. 2-3 (mf).
H. h. Tullgren, 1955: 385, f. 86a-c (mf).
H. h. Starega, 1974: 19, f. 1-3, photo 1 (f).
H. h. Palmgren, 1975: 91, f. 22.20-21 (mf).
H. h. Millidge, 1977: 8, f. 13 (m).
H. h. Pakhorukov & Utochkin, 1977b: 907, f. 3-4 (mf).
H. monedula Saito, 1986: 21, f. 32-35 (Dmf).
H. h. Eskov, 1987a: 1029, f. 6.6-8 (mf, S).
H. h. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 170, f. 458 (mf).
H. h. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 111, f. 1120-1122 (mf).
H. h. Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 306, f. 669-672 (mf).

mf incondita (L. Koch, 1879)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010814]
Erigone i. L. Koch, 1879c: 66, pl. 2, f. 17 (Df).
H. i. Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 29, pl. 2, f. 50-51, 61-62 (f, Dm).
H. i. Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 13, pl. 1, f. 15 (f).

mf jamalensis Eskov, 1981....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010815]
H. j. Eskov, 1981b: 1488, pl. 2, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
H. j. Marusik & Tanasevitch, 2003: 164, f. 18-19, 26-29 (mf).

mf marusiki Eskov, 1987....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010817]
H. m. Eskov, 1987a: 1023, f. 4.1-4 (Dmf).

f meridionalis Tanasevitch, 2013....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046228]
H. m. Tanasevitch, 2013c: 286, f. 78-81 (Df).

mf minuta Eskov, 1979....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010818]
H. m. Eskov, 1979: 67, f. 6-10, 17-18 (Dmf).
H. m. Tanasevitch, 2013c: 286, f. 82-83 (f).

mf nivalis Holm, 1937....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010821]
Erigone vexatrix L. Koch, 1879c: 45, pl. 2, f. 2 (mf, misidentified).
Gongylidium venator Simon, 1884a: 499 (lapsus).
H. glacialis Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 25, pl. 2, f. 45, 48-49 (mf, misidentified).
H. glacialis Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 13, pl. 1, f. 23 (f, misidentified).
H. n. Holm, 1937: 8, f. 3c, f, i (Dmf).

mf nubigena Hull, 1911....................Palearctic, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010822]
H. n. Hull, 1911b: 52, pl. 2, f. 1, 4-7, 13 (Dmf).
Utopiellum n. Hull, 1932: 109.
H. n. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 323, f. 195D, F, 196A-B, F (mf).
H. n. Tullgren, 1955: 385, f. 85a-c (f).
H. n. Palmgren, 1975: 92, f. 23.1-2 (mf).
H. n. Millidge, 1977: 8, f. 15, 20 (m).
H. n. Roberts, 1987: 107, f. 51c, 52d (mf).
H. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 168, f. 454 (mf).

mf pelikena Eskov, 1987....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010823]
H. p. Eskov, 1987a: 1026, f. 5.1-4 (Dm).
H. p. Marusik & Koponen, 2002: 161, f. 12-16 (m, Df).

mf pervicax Hull, 1908....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010824]
H. p. Hull, 1908: 112, pl. 5, f. 1, 2a, 3a, 4 (Dm).
H. p. Hull, in O. P.-Cambridge, 1908a: 173, pl. A, f. 16-19 (m).
H. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1909a: 103, pl. A, f. 4 (Df).
H. p. Hull, 1909: 449, pl. 12, f. 1-3 (f).
H. glacialis thienemanni Schenkel, 1939: 107, f. 5 (Dmf).
H. p. Holm, 1945b: 29 (S).
H. p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 325, f. 195G, 196C-D, G (mf).
H. p. Tullgren, 1955: 384, f. 84a-b (mf).
H. p. Palmgren, 1975: 92, f. 22.22-23 (mf).
H. p. Millidge, 1977: 8, f. 16, 187 (m).
H. p. Roberts, 1987: 107, f. 51d, 52b (mf).
H. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 168, f. 455 (mf).

mf proletaria (L. Koch, 1879)....................Russia, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010825]
Linyphia p. L. Koch, 1879c: 23, pl. 1, f. 10 (Df).
H. zaicewii Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 14, pl. 1, f. 16-17, 19-22 (Dmf).
H. p. Holm, 1973: 85, f. 36-37 (Tf from Linyphia, Sm).

mf sibirica Eskov, 1987....................Russia, Mongolia, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010826]
H. s. Eskov, 1987a: 1026, f. 6.1-5 (Dmf).

mf syrojeczkovskii Eskov, 1981....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010827]
H. s. Eskov, 1981b: 1491, pl. 2, f. 5-7 (Dmf).

mf tuberculifera Sha & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010830]
H. t. Sha & Zhu, 1995: 284, f. 16-20 (Dmf).
H. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 171, f. 98E-F, I-J (mf).

mf vexatrix (O. P.-Cambridge, 1877)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010831]
Erigone v. O. P.-Cambridge, 1877d: 280, pl. 8, f. 6 (Df).
Porrhomma venator Simon, 1884a: 372 (lapsus).
Erigone frigida Lenz, 1897: 74, f. 4 (f, misidentified).
Araeoncus ruderalis Sørensen, 1898: 210 (Df).
Notioscopus curvitarsis Sørensen, 1898: 211 (Dmf).
Arctilaira bellans Chamberlin, 1921c: 40 (Dmf).
H. whymperi Jackson, 1933: 152, pl. 2, f. 2, 4 (Dmf).
H. glacialis Jackson, 1933: 152, pl. 2, f. 1, 5-6 (mf, misidentified).
H. v. Braendegaard, 1940: 12, f. 7-9 (mf).
H. curvitarsis Braendegaard, 1946: 38 (S, removed from S of H. v., rejected).
H. v. Holm, 1956: 464, f. 5g-m (f, S, confirmed S of H. curvitarsis).
H. v. Holm, 1960b: 119, f. 20-22 (mf, S).
H. v. Leech, 1966: 184, f. 45-46 (mf).
H. v. Hormiga, 2000: 41, f. 14J-N, pl. 35A-F, 36A-F, 37A-F (mf).
H. v. Schmidt & Weller, 2008: 173, f. 6 (f).