The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: SALTICIDAE

Gen. Icius Simon, 1876 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03000]

N.B.: type species is I. notabilis (C. L. Koch, 1846), which = I. hamatus (C. L. Koch, 1846, not the I. notabilis of Simon, 1871, which is a misidentification of I. subinermis Simon, 1937 (Prószyn'ski, 1983a: 46); considered a senior synonym of Pseudicius Simon, 1885 by Andreeva, Heciak & Prószyn'ski, 1984: 350, but evidence presented by Maddison, 1987: 103, makes this synonymy dubious, and Prószyn'ski, 1987: 151, 164, now considers that they "should be considered separate genera."

Transferred to other genera:
I. abnormis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Phintella.
I. afghanicus Andreeva, Heciak & Prószyn'ski, 1984 -- see Pseudicius.
I. annectans Chamberlin, 1929 -- see Metaphidippus.
I. castriesianus (Grube, 1861) -- see Phintella.
I. cavaleriei (Schenkel, 1963) -- see Phintella.
I. cinctipes Banks, 1900 -- see Attidops.
I. cornutus Peckham & Peckham, 1885 -- see Padilla.
I. davidi (Schenkel, 1963) -- see Phintella.
I. decempunctatus Caporiacco, 1941 -- see Heliophanus.
I. difficilis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Phintella.
I. elongatus Karsch, 1879 -- see Mendoza.
I. exornatus Peckham & Peckham, 1909 -- see Messua.
I. flavipes Caporiacco, 1935 -- see Pseudicius.
I. fontanus Levi, 1951 -- see Paradamoetas.
I. formicarius Emerton, 1891 -- see Tutelina.
I. fulgens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) -- see Heliophanillus.
I. harti Emerton, 1891 -- see Tutelina.
I. himeshimensis (Dönitz & Strand, 1906) -- see Hakka.
I. icioides (Simon, 1889) -- see Pseudicius.
I. kaszabi Zabka, 1985 -- see Pseudicius.
I. koreanus (Wesolowska, 1981) -- see Hakka.
I. linea (Karsch, 1879) -- see Phintella.
I. lucipetus (Simon, 1890) -- see Heliophanillus.
I. magister Karsch, 1879 -- see Mendoza.
I. minimus Caporiacco, 1933 -- see Pellenes.
I. munitus (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Phintella.
I. nepalicus Andreeva, Heciak & Prószyn'ski, 1984 -- see Pseudicius.
I. originalis Zabka, 1985 -- see Pseudicius.
I. parvus Wesolowska, 1981 -- see Phintella.
I. pleuralis Banks, 1896 -- see Beata.
I. popovi Prószyn'ski, 1979 -- see Phintella.
I. pseudoicioides Caporiacco, 1935 -- see Pseudicius.
I. pupus (Karsch, 1879) -- see Phintella.
I. sexmaculatus Banks, 1895 -- see Ghelna.
I. similis Banks, 1895 -- see Tutelina.
I. spasskyi Andreeva, Heciak & Prószyn'ski, 1984 -- see Pseudicius.
I. suedicola (Simon, 1901) -- see Heliophanillus.
I. texanus Banks, 1904 -- see Metaphidippus.
I. tokarensis Bohdanowicz & Prószyn'ski, 1987 -- see Pseudicius.
I. tschekiangensis (Schenkel, 1963) -- see Phintella.
I. versicolor Peckham & Peckham, 1909 -- see Terralonus.
I. vulpes (Grube, 1861) -- see Pseudicius.
I. wickhami Peckham & Peckham, 1894 -- see Beata.

In synonymy:
I. altera (Simon, 1868, T from Euophrys) = I. hamatus (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 41, 170).

Nomina dubia:
I. boryi (Lucas, 1846: 157, pl. 7, f. 3, f, North Africa, originally in Salticus) -- Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 116 (but see Prószyn'ski, 1987: 47-48).
I. discatus Karsch, 1891: 301 (Sri Lanka) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1532.
I. erraticus (Lucas, 1846: 149, pl. 6, f. 5, j, North Africa, originally in Salticus, T to Dendryphantes by Simon, 1864: 315) -- Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 115.
I. eximius Rainbow, 1899b: 317 (New Hebrides) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1532.
I. guyoni (Lucas, 1846: 156, pl. 7, f. 6, j, Algeria, originally in Salticus, T here by Simon, 1937: 1264) -- Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 115 (but see Prószyn'ski, 1987: 23).
I. lucasi (Simon, 1868b: 568, mf, Mediterranean) -- Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 115.
I. miniamus Franganillo, 1910: 19 (f, Portugal) -- Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 114.
I. niger Peelle & Saito, 1933: 119, f. 7 (mf, Kurile Is.) -- Marusik et al., 1993b: 82 (but see Saito, 1959: 156, f. 214a-d).

Nomina nuda:
I. afolius Franganillo, 1925: 35 (Spain) -- Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 114.
I. foliosus Franganillo, 1920: 144 (Portugal, Spain) -- Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 114.

f abnormis Denis, 1958....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034084]
I. a. Denis, 1958b: 108, f. 40 (Df).

m bilobus Yang & Tang, 1996....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034085]
I. b. Yang & Tang, 1996: 105, f. 2.1-5 (Dm).

m brunellii Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034086]
I. b. Caporiacco, 1940c: 857, f. 50 (Dm).

mf cervinus Simon, 1878....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034087]
I. c. Simon, 1878b: 204 (Df).
I. c. Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 69 (m).

mf congener (Simon, 1871)....................Western Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034088]
Attus nebulosus Simon, 1868b: 572 (mf, misidentified, not Dendryphantes nebulosus C. L. Koch, 1846 = Macaroeris nidicolens Walckenaer, 1802) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034099 but not originally described as new species, contra Roewer, 1955: 1220].
Attus c. Simon, 1871: 184 (Dm).
I. c. Simon, 1876a: 58 (Df).
I. c. Simon, 1937: 1216, 1217, 1264, f. 1948 (mf).
I. c. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 46 (m, not I. nebulosus as per Roewer).
I. c. Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 120, f. 2, 8, 14, 37-45 (mf).

m crassipes (Simon, 1868)....................Spain, Algeria, Tunisia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034089]
Attus c. Simon, 1868b: 574 (Dm).
I. c. Simon, 1876a: 56.
I. c. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 47 (m).
I. c. Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 123, f. 4, 10, 46, 59-61 (m).

f daisetsuzanus Saito, 1934....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034090]
I. d. Saito, 1934b: 297, pl. 12, f. 13, pl. 14, f. 51 (Df).
I. d. Saito, 1959: 156, f. 212a-c (f).

f dendryphantoides Strand, 1909....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034091]
I. d. Strand, 1909g: 592 (Df).
I. d. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 46 (f).

f desertorum Simon, 1901....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034092]
I. d. Simon, 1901c: 161 (Df).

mf fagei (Lessert, 1925)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032945]
Cosmophasis f. Lessert, 1925a: 453, f. 33-39 (Dmf).
I. f. Wesolowska, 2012a: 208, f. 19-26 (Tmf from Cosmophasis).

m glaucochirus (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034093]
Maevia glaucochira Thorell, 1890c: 163 (Dm).
Chrysilla glaucochira Simon, 1901a: 544.
I. glaucochira Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 69 (Tm from Chrysilla).

f gyirongensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038250]
I. g. Hu, 2001: 387, f. 244.1-3 (Df).

mf hamatus (C. L. Koch, 1846) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034094]
Marpissa hamata C. L. Koch, 1846: 67, f. 1132 (Df).
Icelus notabilis C. L. Koch, 1846: 174, f. 1225 (Dm).
Dendryphantes h. Simon, 1864: 314.
Attus alter Simon, 1868b: 63, pl. 5, f. 15 (Dmf).
Attus striatus Simon, 1868b: 566, pl. 6, f. 3 (mf, misidentified).
Attus vicinus Simon, 1868b: 569 (Dmf).
Attus h. Simon, 1871: 183.
I. striatus Simon, 1876a: 59.
Hasarius alter Simon, 1876a: 90.
I. h. Peckham & Peckham, 1886: 306.
Euophrys altera Simon, 1901a: 568, f. 685, 687 (m).
I. striatus Simon, 1901a: 614, f. 738 (m).
I. h. Simon, 1937: 1216, 1217, 1264, f. 1946 (mf).
Euophrys altera Prószyn'ski, 1976: 150, f. 98 (m).
I. h. Prószyn'ski, 1976: 154, f. 233, 403-406 (m).
I. h. Hansen, 1982: 55, f. 1-2 (mf).
I. h. Prószyn'ski, 1983a: 46, f. 9-11 (mf).
I. h. Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 41 (Sf).
I. h. Andreeva, Heciak & Prószyn'ski, 1984: 350, f. 1-5 (mf).
I. h. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 47-48 (mf; pp. 151-152 treat Araneus striatus Clerck, 1757, which was "nicht zu deuten! (Salticidae?)" for Roewer, as a synonym; if this synonymy is corroborated, Clerck's name would have priority but insufficient usage; see also Bonnet, p. 2284, footnote 7, and Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 116).
I. h. Hu & Li, 1987a: 379, f. 42.1-2, 43.1-3 (mf).
I. h. Baldacchino et al., 1993: 45, f. 3d (m).
I. h. Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 116, f. 1, 7, 13, 18-36 (mf).
I. h. Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 147, f. 68A-E (mf).
I. h. Metzner, 1999: 96, f. 61a-l (mf).
I. h. Hu, 2001: 388, f. 245.1-2 (f).
I. h. Tomasiewicz & Wesolowska, 2006: 339, f. 1-4 (f).

f hongkong Song et al., 1997....................Hong Kong [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034095]
I. h. Song et al., 1997: 150, f. 2A-C (Df).
I. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 532, f. 301F-G (f).

f ildefonsus Chamberlin, 1924....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034096]
I. i. Chamberlin, 1924b: 679, f. 119 (Df).

f inhonestus Keyserling, 1878....................Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034097]
I. i. Keyserling, 1878a: 621, pl. 14, f. 23 (Df).

mf insolidus (Wesolowska, 1999)....................Nigeria, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034557]
Menemerus i. Wesolowska, 1999: 299, f. 158-161 (Df).
I. i. Wesolowska, 2006b: 234, f. 43-52 (Tf from Menemerus, Dm).
I. i. Haddad & Wesolowska, 2011: 75, f. 45-46, 55-56 (m).

m insolitus Alicata & Cantarella, 1994....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034098]
I. i. Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 127, f. 5, 11, 16, 47, 62-68 (Dm).
I. i. Wunderlich, 2011: 330, f. 10-13 (m).

m lamellatus Wunderlich, 2011....................Portugal, Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044115]
I. l. Wunderlich, 2011: 329, f. 1-9 (Dm).

mf mbitaensis Wesolowska, 2011....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044488]
I. m. Wesolowska, 2011a: 483, f. 7-13, 33 (Dmf).

mf minimus Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041757]
I. m. Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008: 19, f. 72-81, 207-208 (Dmf).

mf nigricaudus Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042462]
I. n. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 51, f. 87-92, 215-217 (Dmf).

mf ocellatus Pavesi, 1883....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034100]
I. o. Pavesi, 1883: 85 (Dj).
I. o. Caporiacco, 1949a: 483, f. 94a-b (Dmf).
I. o. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 56 (f, "apparently misclassified").

f olokomei Wesolowska & A. Russell-Smith, 2011....................Nigeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044526]
I. o. Wesolowska & A. Russell-Smith, 2011: 577, f. 81-82, 227 (Df).

f pallidulus Nakatsudi, 1943....................Micronesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034101]
I. p. Nakatsudi, 1943a: 171, f. 19a-b (Df).

m peculiaris Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041758]
I. p. Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008: 20, f. 82-86 (Dm).

f pseudocellatus Strand, 1907....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034102]
I. p. Strand, 1907a: 547 (Df).
I. p. Strand, 1907n: 718 (Df).

m pulchellus Haddad & Wesolowska, 2011....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044047]
I. p. Haddad & Wesolowska, 2011: 76, f. 47, 57-62 (Dm).

f separatus Banks, 1903....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034103]
I. s. Banks, 1903: 344, pl. 15, f. 5, 11 (Df).

mf simoni Alicata & Cantarella, 1994....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034104]
I. s. Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 127, f. 6, 12, 16, 69-76 (Dmf).

mf steelae Logunov, 2004....................Sudan, Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040825]
I. s. Logunov, 2004d: 86, f. 3-6 (Dmf).
I. s. Wesolowska, 2011a: 485, f. 14-20, 34 (mf).

mf subinermis Simon, 1937....................Mediterranean, Germany [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034105]
I. notabilis Simon, 1876a: 57, pl. 9, f. 7 (mf, misidentified).
I. notabilis Peckham & Peckham, 1894: 108, pl. 10, f. 7 (f, misidentified).
I. s. Simon, 1937: 1216, 1217, 1264, f. 1945, 1947 (Dmf).
I. notabilis Kraus, 1955a: 392, f. 37-39 (mf, misidentified).
I. s. Prószyn'ski, 1976: 154, f. 234, 397-402 (mf).
I. s. Andreeva, Heciak & Prószyn'ski, 1984: 350, f. 6-11 (mf).
I. s. Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 122, f. 3, 9, 15, 48-58 (mf).
I. s. Jäger, 1995b: 38, f. 1-2 (m).
I. s. Jäger, 1996b: 577, f. 1-2 (m).
I. s. Stankovic, 2012: 39, f. 2 (f).

f testaceolineatus (Lucas, 1846)....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:034106]
Salticus t. Lucas, 1846: 183, pl. 10, f. 4 (Df).
Atta t. Simon, 1864: 311.
I. t. Reimoser, 1919: 109.

mf yadongensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038251]
I. y. Hu, 2001: 389, f. 247.1-7 (Dmf).