The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: LINYPHIIDAE

Gen. Improphantes Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01028]

I. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177, type Lepthyphantes improbulus Simon, 1929.

In synonymy:
I. albipes (Bösenberg, 1902, T from Lophomma) = I. nitidus (Thorell, 1875) (Wunderlich, 1973b: 422, sub Lepthyphantes).
I. audax (Sørensen, 1898, T from Lepthyphantes) = I. complicatus (Emerton, 1882) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 58, sub Lepthyphantes umbraticola).
I. beticus (Denis, 1957, T from Lepthyphantes) = I. improbulus (Simon, 1929) (Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177).
I. heathi (Chamberlin, 1921, T from Microneta) = I. complicatus (Emerton, 1882) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 58, sub Lepthyphantes umbraticola).
I. hyperboreus (Strand, 1911, T from Lepthyphantes) = I. complicatus (Emerton, 1882) (Holm, 1958b: 57, sub Lepthyphantes).
I. kochi (Kulczyn'ski, 1898, T from Lepthyphantes) = I. nitidus (Thorell, 1875) (Moritz, 1973: 177, sub Lepthyphantes).
I. montanouralensis (Esyunin & Efimik, 1991) = I. improbulus Simon, 1929 (Esyunin & Efimik, 1999: 230).
I. parallelogrammus (Simon, 1884, T from Lepthyphantes) = I. decolor (Westring, 1861) (Moritz, 1968: 400, sub Lepthyphantes zebrinus).
I. spelaeomoravicus (Kratochvíl & Miller, 1940, T from Lepthyphantes) = I. improbulus (Simon, 1929) (Miller & Svaton, 1978: 15, sub Lepthyphantes).
I. umbraticola (Keyserling, 1886, T from Lepthyphantes) = I. complicatus (Emerton, 1882) (Holm, 1958b: 57, sub Lepthyphantes).
I. wiehlei (von Broen, 1965, T from Lepthyphantes) = I. geniculatus Kulczyn'ski, 1898 (von Broen, 1966: 177, sub Lepthyphantes).
I. zebrinus (Menge, 1866, T from Lepthyphantes) = I. decolor (Westring, 1861) (Kronestedt, 1975b: 165, sub Lepthyphantes).

m biconicus (Tanasevitch, 1992)....................Russia, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010892]
Lepthyphantes b. Tanasevitch, 1992: 48, f. 5f-i (Dm).
I. b. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177 (Tm from Lepthyphantes).
I. b. Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 330, f. 1069-1071 (m).

mf breviscapus Tanasevitch, 2013....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045836]
I. b. Tanasevitch, 2013a: 110, f. 17-23 (Dmf).

mf complicatus (Emerton, 1882)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010893]
Bathyphantes complicata Emerton, 1882: 72, pl. 24, f. 8 (Dm).
Erigone umbraticola Keyserling, 1886b: 195 (D).
Linyphia complicata Marx, 1890: 527.
Bathyphantes c. Banks, 1892a: 45, pl. 4, f. 26 (m).
Lepthyphantes audax Sørensen, 1898: 196 (Dmf).
Lepthyphantes hyperboreus Strand, 1911c: 281 (Dm).
Lepthyphantes cacuminum Jackson, 1914: 118, pl. 2, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
Microneta heathi Chamberlin, 1921c: 41, pl. 4, f. 13 (Df).
Lepthyphantes audax Braendegaard, 1932: 12, f. 1 (f).
Lepthyphantes c. Zorsch, 1937: 881, pl. 4, f. 55-57 (m, Df).
Lepthyphantes audax Braendegaard, 1946: 29, f. 14-15 (mf).
Lepthyphantes umbraticolus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 58 (Tf from Erigone, where "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer, S).
Lepthyphantes audax Locket & Millidge, 1953: 394, f. 234A, 235E (mf).
Lepthyphantes c. Holm, 1958b: 57 (S).
Lepthyphantes umbraticola Wanless, 1971: 24, f. 4C-D, 7D (f, L. audax in one legend).
Lepthyphantes umbraticola Wanless, 1973: 131, f. III.2, VIII.14 (f).
Lepthyphantes c. Palmgren, 1975: 63, f. 13.15-18 (mf).
Lepthyphantes audax Pakhorukov & Utochkin, 1977b: 909, f. 6-7 (f).
Lepthyphantes c. Pakhorukov, 1981: 75, f. 11 (m).
Lepthyphantes c. Wozny, 1982: 399, f. 1-4 (mf).
Lepthyphantes c. Thaler, 1983a: 141, f. 45-46, 51-53 (mf).
Lepthyphantes c. Thaler, 1986c: 316, f. 4, 11-12 (m).
Lepthyphantes c. Roberts, 1987: 152, f. 80e (mf).
Lepthyphantes c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 196, f. 536 (mf).
Lepthyphantes c. Wunderlich, 1995e: 486, f. 25 (f).
I. c. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177, f. 11B (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).
Lepthyphantes c. Agnarsson, 1996: 149, f. 167C (mf).
I. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 139, f. 1535-1537 (mf).
I. c. Merrett, 2004b: 20, f. 3 (m).

mf contus Tanasevitch & Piterkina, 2007....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041283]
I. c. Tanasevitch & Piterkina, 2007: 24, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

m cypriot Tanasevitch, 2011....................Cyprus [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043961]
I. c. Tanasevitch, 2011b: 67, f. 59-64 (Dm).

mf decolor (Westring, 1861)....................Europe, North Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010894]
Linyphia d. Westring, 1861: 131 (Dm).
Bathyphantes zebrinus Menge, 1866: 113, pl. 20, f. 39 (Dmf).
Linyphia zebrina Thorell, 1873: 558.
Lepthyphantes parallelogrammus Simon, 1884a: 315, f. 82-83 (Dmf).
Lepthyphantes d. Simon, 1884a: 329.
Lepthyphantes zebrinus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1891: 74, pl. 2, f. 1 (mf).
Bathyphantes zebrinus Bösenberg, 1901: 87, pl. 7, f. 100 (mf).
Lepthyphantes zebrinus Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 538, 553, pl. 19, f. 19, 21-22 (mf).
Lepthyphantes parallelogrammus Simon, 1929: 601, 737, f. 915 (mf).
Lepthyphantes zebrinus Moritz, 1968: 400, f. 1-12 (mf, S).
Troglohyphantes d. Holm, 1968a: 196, f. 20-22 (Tmf, rejected).
Lepthyphantes d. Palmgren, 1975: 65, f. 10.13-16 (mf).
Lepthyphantes d. Kronestedt, 1975b: 165 (S).
Troglohyphantes d. Starega, 1976: 272, f. 2-5 (mf).
Lepthyphantes d. Bosmans, 1985a: 153, f. 6d-f (f).
Lepthyphantes d. Thaler, 1986c: 322, f. 31-35, 39-46 (mf).
Lepthyphantes d. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 192, f. 527 (mf).
I. d. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177, f. 5B, 11G (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).
I. d. Saaristo, in Marusik & Koponen, 2008a: 8, pl. 1 (m).

mf djazairi (Bosmans, 1985)....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011148]
Lepthyphantes d. Bosmans, 1985a: 150, f. 10d-e (Df).
Lepthyphantes d. Bosmans & Bouragba, 1992: 258, f. 23-27 (f, Dm).
I. d. Bosmans, 2006b: 181 (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).

mf falcatus (Bosmans, 1979)....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010895]
Lepthyphantes f. Bosmans, 1979: 85, f. 9a-k, 12d-e (Dmf).
Lepthyphantes f. Russell-Smith & Jocqué, 1986: 448, f. 25 (f).
I. f. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177 (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).

mf flexilis (Tanasevitch, 1986)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010896]
Lepthyphantes f. Tanasevitch, 1986: 162, f. 85-88 (Dm).
Lepthyphantes f. Eskov, 1988e: 105 (f of Lepthyphantes sibiricus belongs here).
I. f. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177, f. 11C (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).

mf furcabilis (Wunderlich, 1987)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010897]
Lepthyphantes f. Wunderlich, 1987a: 158, f. 426-431 (Dmf).
I. f. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177 (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).

mf geniculatus (Kulczyn'ski, 1898)....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010898]
Lepthyphantes g. Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 85, pl. 2, f. 57-58 (Dmf).
Lepthyphantes g. Miller & Valesová, 1964: 182, pl. I, f. 1-3 (m).
Lepthyphantes wiehlei von Broen, 1965a: 81, f. 1-6 (Dm).
Lepthyphantes g. von Broen, 1966: 177, f. 107 (f, S).
Lepthyphantes g. Miller, 1971: 228, pl. LXI, f. 25, pl. LXII, f. 25-26 (mf).
Lepthyphantes g. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 192, f. 523 (mf).
I. g. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177 (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).
I. g. Esyunin & Efimik, 1999: 230, f. 12-19 (mf).

mf holmi (Kronestedt, 1975)....................Sweden, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010899]
Lepthyphantes h. Kronestedt, 1975b: 162, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
Lepthyphantes h. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 192, f. 525 (mf).
I. h. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177, f. 11F (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).

mf improbulus (Simon, 1929) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010900]
Lepthyphantes i. Simon, 1929: 608, 612, 731, f. 925 (Dmf).
Lepthyphantes spelaeomoravicus Kratochvíl & Miller, 1940c: 62, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Lepthyphantes i. Dresco & Hubert, 1968: 489, f. 4-6 (f).
Lepthyphantes spelaeomoravicus Miller, 1971: 228, pl. XLIV, f. 13-14 (mf).
Lepthyphantes i. Moritz, 1972: 307, f. 1-12 (mf).
Lepthyphantes i. Miller & Svaton, 1978: 15, pl. VII, f. 1-5 (mf, S).
Lepthyphantes i. Thaler, 1986c: 312, f. 1-3, 5-10, 13 (mf).
Lepthyphantes i. Tanasevitch, 1990: 22, f. 7.1-3 (mf).
Lepthyphantes i. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 196, f. 535 (mf).
Lepthyphantes i. Esyunin & Efimik, 1991: 140, f. 2, 4 (f).
Lepthyphantes montanouralensis Esyunin & Efimik, 1991: 141, f. 1, 3 (Df).
Lepthyphantes beticus Denis, 1957b: 298, f. 21-23 (Df).
I. i. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177, f. 11A (Tmf from Lepthyphantes, S).
I. montanouralensis Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177 (Tf from Lepthyphantes).
I. i. Esyunin & Efimik, 1999: 230, f. 10-11 (mf, S).
I. i. Nae, 2010: 81, f. 2-3 (mf).

mf mauensis (Caporiacco, 1949)....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010901]
Lepthyphantes m. Caporiacco, 1949a: 356, f. 22a-b (Df).
Lepthyphantes m. Bosmans, 1979: 88, f. 10a-k, 12c (f, Dm).
I. m. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177 (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).

mf multidentatus (Wunderlich, 1987)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010902]
Lepthyphantes m. Wunderlich, 1987a: 159, f. 432-436 (Dmf).
I. m. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177 (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).

mf nitidus (Thorell, 1875)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010903]
Linyphia nitida Thorell, 1875a: 84 (Dmf).
Linyphia nitida Thorell, 1875c: 25 (Dmf).
Lepthyphantes angulipalpis Simon, 1884a: 280, f. 33-34 (m, misidentified).
Lepthyphantes n. Simon, 1884a: 330.
Lepthyphantes kochii Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 86, pl. 2, f. 52-56 (Dmf).
Lepthyphantes n. Bösenberg, 1901: 88, pl. 7, f. 103 (mf).
Micryphantes albipes Bösenberg, 1902: 154, pl. 13, f. 206 (Df).
Lophomma albipes Reimoser, 1919: 65.
Lepthyphantes kochi Wiehle, 1956: 213, f. 356a-e (mf).
Lepthyphantes kochi Wiehle, 1963c: 259, f. 56-59 (mf).
Lepthyphantes kochi Czajka, 1963: 1, f. 1-4 (mf).
Lepthyphantes kochi von Broen, 1966: 179, f. 3b, 4b (f).
Lepthyphantes kochi Rosca, 1968: 82, f. 12a-b (f).
Lepthyphantes kochi Miller, 1971: 226, pl. XLIV, f. 9-10 (mf).
Lepthyphantes n. Moritz, 1973: 177, f. 4-6 (m, S).
Lepthyphantes n. Wunderlich, 1973b: 422 (S).
Lepthyphantes n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 192, f. 524 (mf).
I. n. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177, f. 11E (Tmf from Lepthyphantes).

m pamiricus (Tanasevitch, 1989)....................Tajikistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010904]
Lepthyphantes p. Tanasevitch, 1989a: 106, f. 65-66 (Dm).
I. p. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177 (Tm from Lepthyphantes).

m potanini (Tanasevitch, 1989)....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010905]
Lepthyphantes p. Tanasevitch, 1989a: 110, f. 72-74 (Dm).
I. p. Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996b: 177, f. 11D (Tm from Lepthyphantes).

m turok Tanasevitch, 2011....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043962]
I. t. Tanasevitch, 2011b: 69, f. 65-69 (Dm).