The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Isoxya Simon, 1885 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01497]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833 by Benoit, 1962a: 14; not a senior synonym of Afracantha Dahl, 1914, Hypsacantha Dahl, 1914 or Togacantha Dahl, 1914 (Emerit, 1974: 28-31, contra Benoit, 1962a: 14).

Transferred to other genera:
I. camerunensis (Thorell, 1899) -- see Afracantha.
I. crucimaculata (Dahl, 1914) -- see Hypsacantha.
I. galeata Simon, 1887 -- see Aetrocantha.
I. nordviei (Strand, 1913) -- see Togacantha.

In synonymy:
I. rogersi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879, removed from S of I. testudinaria) = I. semiflava Simon, 1887 (Benoit, 1962a: 29).
I. testudinaria benina (Strand, 1913, T from Gasteracantha) = I. testudinaria (Simon, 1901) (Benoit, 1962a: 31).
I. tuberifera (Dahl, 1914, T from Gasteracantha) = I. cicatricosa (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Benoit, 1962a: 38).

mf basilewskyi Benoit & Emerit, 1975....................Rwanda, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016201]
I. b. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 324, f. 4-6 (Dmf).

mf cicatricosa (C. L. Koch, 1844) *....................Central, East, Southern Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016202]
Gasteracantha c. C. L. Koch, 1844: 54, f. 877 (Df).
Isacantha hildebrandti Karsch, 1878b: 313, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).
Gasteracantha wealii O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 290, pl. 27, f. 20 (Df).
Gasteracantha proba O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 291, pl. 27, f. 22 (Df).
Gasteracantha pygmaea Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 47, pl. 2, f. 29 (Dm).
Gasteracantha sanguinipes Strand, 1906b: 625 (Df).
Gasteracantha hildebrandti Strand, 1908g: 433 (Dm).
Gasteracantha c. Dahl, 1914: 256.
Gasteracantha tubifera Dahl, 1914: 256, f. 18 (Df).
I. c. Benoit, 1962a: 38, f. 25bis (Tmf from Gasteracantha, S).
I. c. Emerit, 1973: 676, f. 2A-C, pl. IA, C (m).
I. c. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 327, f. 8a-b (m).

mf cowani (Butler, 1882)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016203]
Gasteracantha c. Butler, 1882b: 766, pl. 57, f. 5 (Dm).
Gasteracantha c. Dahl, 1914: 255 (Df).
I. c. Emerit, 1974: 49, f. 7A, 11, 12A-C, 16A (Tmf from Gasteracantha).

mf mahafalensis Emerit, 1974....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016204]
I. m. Emerit, 1974: 43, f. 7C, 8, 9A-C, 10A-C, 16B (Dmf).

f milloti Emerit, 1974....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016205]
I. m. Emerit, 1974: 55, f. 15, 16C (Df).

f mossamedensis Benoit, 1962....................Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016206]
I. m. Benoit, 1962a: 24, f. 17 (Df).

mf mucronata (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Central, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016207]
Plectana m. Walckenaer, 1841: 156 (Df).
Gasteracantha tuberosa Thorell, 1859: 303 (Df).
Stanneoclavis tuberosa Karsch, 1879a: 330.
Gasteracantha purpurea Simon, 1884k: 19, pl. 1, f. 9 (Df).
Gasteracantha m. Dahl, 1914: 255.
I. m. Benoit, 1962a: 27, f. 20 (Tf from Gasteracantha).
I. m. Emerit, 1982b: 160, pl. 1C, f. 2 (Dm).

f nigromutica (Caporiacco, 1939)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016208]
Gasteracantha n. Caporiacco, 1939a: 348 (Df).
I. n. Benoit, 1962a: 66 (Tf from Gasteracantha).

mf penizoides Simon, 1887....................West, Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016209]
Isoxia p. Simon, 1887a: 269 (Df).
Gasteracantha p. Simon, 1895a: 843, f. 892 (f).
Plectana p. Thorell, 1899: 64.
Gasteracantha p. Simon, 1907d: 302 (Dm).
I. p. Benoit, 1962a: 20 (Tmf from Gasteracantha).
I. p. Emerit, 1982b: 162, pl. 1B.

f reuteri (Lenz, 1886)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016210]
Gasteracantha r. Lenz, 1886: 382, pl. 10, f. 3 (Df).
Gasteracantha maculosa Lenz, 1886: 383, pl. 10, f. 4 (f).
I. r. Dahl, 1914: 255.
I. r. Benoit, 1962d: 373 (Tf from Gasteracantha).
I. r. Emerit, 1974: 51, f. 7B, 13, 14A-C, 16D (f).

f semiflava Simon, 1887....................West, Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016211]
Isoxia s. Simon, 1887a: 268, pl. 6, f. 2 (Df).
I. s. Simon, 1895a: 843, f. 893 (f).
Gasteracantha rogersi O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 292, pl. 27, f. 23 (Dm).
I. s. Benoit, 1962a: 29, f. 22 (removed f from S of I. mucronata, S).

f somalica (Caporiacco, 1940)....................Somalia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016212]
Gasteracantha s. Caporiacco, 1940c: 773, f. 2 (Df).
I. s. Benoit, 1962a: 67 (Tf from Gasteracantha).

f stuhlmanni (Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895)....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016213]
Gasteracantha s. Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 48, pl. 2, f. 30 (Df).
I. s. Benoit, 1962a: 34, f. 25 (Tf from Gasteracantha).

mf tabulata (Thorell, 1859)....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016214]
Gasteracantha t. Thorell, 1859: 303 (Df).
Gasteracantha modesta Thorell, 1859: 303 (Dm).
Isoxia t. Pavesi, 1895a: 497.
Gasteracantha cicatrella Strand, 1907a: 537 (Df).
Gasteracantha kibonotensis Tullgren, 1910: 169 (Df).
Gasteracantha momboensis Tullgren, 1910: 170 (Df).
Gasteracantha t. Dahl, 1914: 255, f. 8 (f).
Gasteracantha t. Lawrence, 1937: 234, f. 11 (mf).
I. t. Benoit, 1962a: 36 (Tmf from Gasteracantha).
I. t. Emerit, 1973: 680, f. 3A-C, pl. IE-G (m).
I. t. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 327, f. 7a-b (m).

mf testudinaria (Simon, 1901)....................West, Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016215]
Gasteracantha t. Simon, 1901d: 20 (Df).
Gasteracantha t. benina Strand, 1913a: 385 (Df).
I. t. Benoit, 1962a: 31, f. 23 (Tmf from Gasteracantha, S).
I. t. Emerit, 1982b: 163, pl. 1D.

f yatesi Emerit, 1973....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016216]
I. y. Emerit, 1973: 683, f. 4 (Df).