The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Kaira O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01498]

N.B.: original spelling as above, not Caira; considered a senior synonym of Pronarachne Mello-Leitão, 1937 and Macpos Mello-Leitão, 1940a: 59, type M. monstrosus Mello-Leitão, 1940 by Levi, 1977b: 214, and of Haliger Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 180, type H. corniferus Mello-Leitão, 1943, transferred from the Theridiosomatidae, by Levi, 1993c: 210.

Transferred to other genera:
K. dromedaria O. P.-Cambridge, 1893 -- see Pozonia.
K. granadensis Mello-Leitão, 1941 -- see Pozonia.

In synonymy:
K. aries (Mello-Leitão, 1937) = K. altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1977b: 218).
K. cornifera (Mello-Leitão, 1943) = K. altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1993c: 214).
K. fasciolata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Mastophora) = K. altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 2003: 325).
K. minutissima (Mello-Leitão, 1941) = K. gibberosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1890 (Levi, 1993c: 216).
K. obtusa Keyserling, 1892 = K. gibberosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1890 (Levi, 1993c: 216).
K. spinosa Simon, 1896 = K. altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1977b: 218).

Nomina dubia:
K. capra Simon, 1896b: 479, f, Paraguay -- Levi, 1993c: 214.
K. monstrosa (Mello-Leitão, 1940a: 59, f. 6a-b, f, Brazil, originally in Macpos) -- Levi, 1993c: 216.

mf alba (Hentz, 1850)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016217]
Epeira a. Hentz, 1850: 30, pl. 3, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira leucogaster Marx, 1890: 546.
K. a. Keyserling, 1892: 64, pl. 3, f. 50 (f).
K. a. McCook, 1894: 202, pl. 12, f. 3 (f).
K. a. Levi, 1977b: 216, f. 117-129 (f, Dm).
K. a. Levi, 1993c: 216, f. 1-2, 23-28 (mf).
K. a. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 374, f. 16 (m).
K. a. Levi, 2002: 559, f. 313 (m).

mf altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889....................USA to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016218]
Epeiroides fasciolata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 15, pl. 8, f. 5 (Dm).
K. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 56, pl. 8, f. 13 (Df).
K. a. Keyserling, 1892: 62, pl. 3, f. 48 (f).
Epeiroides fasciolata Keyserling, 1893: 309, pl. 16, f. 228 (m).
Caira spinosa Simon, 1897b: 478 (Df).
Aranea fasciolata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 519, pl. 51, f. 5 (m).
K. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 522, pl. 51, f. 10 (f).
Araneus fasciolatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 291.
Pronarachne aries Mello-Leitão, 1937a: 9, f. 10 (Df).
Haliger corniferus Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 180, f. 18 (Df).
K. a. Levi, 1977b: 218, f. 130-137 (f, Dm, S).
Mastophora fasciolata Levi, 1991a: 180 (Tm from Araneus).
K. a. Levi, 1993c: 213, f. 3-22 (mf, S).
K. a. Levi, 2002: 533, f. 8, 10-12 (f).
K. a. Levi, 2003: 325 (S).

f candidissima (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016219]
Macpos candidissimus Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 212, f. 18-19 (Df).
K. c. Brignoli, 1983c: 271.
K. c. Levi, 1993c: 221, f. 66-69 (f).

mf cobimcha Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016220]
K. c. Levi, 1993c: 223, f. 86-92 (Dmf).

f conica Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016221]
K. c. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948: 11, f. 11-13 (Df).
K. c. Levi, 1993c: 221, f. 70-74 (f).

f dianae Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016222]
K. d. Levi, 1993c: 221, f. 61-65 (Df).

mf echinus (Simon, 1897)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016223]
Caira e. Simon, 1897b: 479 (Df).
K. e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 352.
K. e. Levi, 1993c: 222, f. 75-81 (f, Dm).

m electa (Keyserling, 1883)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016224]
Epeira e. Keyserling, 1883a: 196, pl. 15, f. 2 (Dmf).
Epeira e. Keyserling, 1893: 250, pl. 12, f. 186 (m).
Araneus electus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 290.
K. e. Levi, 1991a: 179 (Tm from Araneus).

f erwini Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016225]
K. e. Levi, 1993c: 220, f. 52-56 (Df).

mf gibberosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1890 *....................Mexico to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016226]
K. g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1890a: 57, pl. 3, f. 12 (Df).
K. g. Keyserling, 1892: 63, pl. 3, f. 49 (f).
K. obtusa Keyserling, 1892: 66, pl. 3, f. 51 (Dj).
K. g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 522, pl. 51, f. 9 (f).
Wagneriana minutissima Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 250 (Df).
K. minutissima Levi, 1991b: 373 (Tf from Wagneriana).
K. g. Levi, 1993c: 216, f. 29-47 (f, Sm).

mf hiteae Levi, 1977....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016227]
K. h. Levi, 1977b: 220, f. 138-140 (Dm).
K. h. Levi, 1993c: 222, f. 82-85 (Df).

f levii Alayón, 1993....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016228]
K. l. Alayón, 1993e: 2, f. 1A-D (Df).

f sabino Levi, 1977....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016229]
K. s. Levi, 1977b: 221, f. 141-147 (Df).

mf sexta (Chamberlin, 1916)....................Guatemala to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016230]
Aranea s. Chamberlin, 1916: 255, pl. 19, f. 7 (Df).
Araneus s. Levi, 1991a: 259, f. 339-342 (Dmf; N.B.: Chamberlin's f is juvenile).
K. s. Levi, 1993c: 24 (Tmf from Araneus).
K. s. Levi, 2002: 540, f. 93-94 (f).

f shinguito Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016231]
K. s. Levi, 1993c: 220, f. 57-60 (Df).

f tulua Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016232]
K. t. Levi, 1993c: 220, f. 48-51 (Df).