The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: LINYPHIIDAE

Gen. Linyphia Latreille, 1804 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01061]

N.B.: used here in the sense of van Helsdingen, 1969 (i.e., does not include Neriene Blackwall, 1833).

Transferred to other genera:
L. aethiopica Tullgren, 1910 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. africanibia Strand, 1913 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. albolimbata Karsch, 1879 -- see Neriene.
L. amiculata Simon, 1905 -- see Neriene.
L. amurensis Strand, 1907 -- see Neriene.
L. angulifera Schenkel, 1953 -- see Neriene.
L. antarctica Tullgren, 1901 -- see Patagoneta.
L. aucklandensis Forster, 1964 -- see Laetesia.
L. aysenensis Tullgren, 1902 -- see Dubiaranea.
L. baltistana Caporiacco, 1934 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. banksi Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Hypsosinga under Araneidae.
L. beccarii Thorell, 1890 -- see Neriene.
L. bicolor Nicolet, 1849 -- see Sphecozone.
L. bipunctata (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Novafrontina.
L. birmanica Thorell, 1887 -- see Neriene.
L. bonneti Caporiacco, 1949 -- see Neriene.
L. carnica Caporiacco, 1922 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. cavaleriei Schenkel, 1963 -- see Neriene.
L. cayuga Emerton, 1914 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. cerina L. Koch, 1879 -- see Anguliphantes.
L. clairi Simon, 1884 -- see Turinyphia.
L. clara L. Koch, 1879 -- see Centromerus.
L. clathrata Sundevall, 1830 -- see Neriene.
L. coccinea Hentz, 1850 -- see Florinda.
L. communis Hentz, 1850 -- see Frontinella.
L. concinnella Roewer, 1942 -- see Tenuiphantes.
L. conferta Hentz, 1850 -- see Mecynogea under Araneidae.
L. conica Locket, 1968 -- see Neriene.
L. conspersa L. Koch, 1879 -- see Stemonyphantes.
L. convexa (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see Notiohyphantes.
L. convexana Roewer, 1942 -- see Notiohyphantes.
L. coosa Gertsch, 1951 -- see Neriene.
L. cupidinea Simon, 1908 -- see Laperousea.
L. davisi Gertsch, 1951 -- see Neriene.
L. dearmata Kulczyn'ski, 1899 -- see Frontinellina.
L. decipiens L. Koch, 1879 -- see Decipiphantes.
L. delesserti Caporiacco, 1949 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. desolata L. Koch, 1879 -- see Porrhomma.
L. digna Keyserling, 1886 -- see Neriene.
L. distincta Nicolet, 1849 -- see Dubiaranea.
L. dorsatula Roewer, 1942 -- see Anelosimus under Theridiidae.
L. elegans (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Notiohyphantes.
L. elegantula Roewer, 1942 -- see Notiohyphantes.
L. emarginata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see Notiohyphantes.
L. emphana Walckenaer, 1841 -- see Neriene.
L. ephedra Chamberlin & Ivie, 1932 -- see Linyphantes.
L. erythrocera Simon, 1902 -- see Notholepthyphantes.
L. eumenis L. Koch, 1879 -- see Bathyphantes.
L. excelsa (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Notiohyphantes.
L. exornata L. Koch, 1878 -- see Floronia.
L. fenestrata Schenkel, 1937 -- see Neriene.
L. forsteri Brignoli, 1983 -- see Mangua under Synotaxidae.
L. frutetorum C. L. Koch, 1834 -- see Frontinellina.
L. frutetorum nigra Giltay, 1932 -- see Frontinellina.
L. frutetorum occidentalis Simon, 1929 -- see Frontinellina.
L. frutetorum punctiventris Kulczyn'ski, 1894 -- see Frontinellina.
L. fulgurenotata Schenkel, 1938 -- see Frontiphantes.
L. furtiva O. P.-Cambridge, 1871 -- see Neriene.
L. gamma (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see Notiohyphantes.
L. grandaeva Keyserling, 1886 -- see Estrandia.
L. hammeni van Helsdingen, 1963 -- see Neriene.
L. helsdingeni Locket, 1968 -- see Neriene.
L. herbosa Oi, 1960 -- see Neriene.
L. impigra O. P.-Cambridge, 1871 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. inexplicabilis Denis, 1941 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. ingloria L. Koch, 1879 -- see Centromerus.
L. insignis Blackwall, 1841 -- see Helophora.
L. interpolis O. P.-Cambridge, 1904 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. javana Workman, 1896 -- see Nematogmus.
L. jenisseica Charitonov, 1932 -- see Centromerus.
L. johnsoni Blackwall, 1859 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. kibonotensis Tullgren, 1910 -- see Neriene.
L. kimyongkii Paik, 1965 -- see Neriene.
L. laeta O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 -- see Frontinella.
L. lemniscata Walckenaer, 1841 -- see Mecynogea under Araneidae.
L. limbatinella Bösenberg & Strand 1906 -- see Neriene.
L. litigiosa Keyserling, 1886 -- see Neriene.
L. longipedella Bösenberg & Strand 1906 -- see Neriene.
L. luteipes L. Koch, 1879 -- see Lepthyphantes.
L. macella Thorell, 1898 -- see Neriene.
L. maculata Emerton, 1908 -- see Neriene.
L. maeklini Thorell, 1875 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. marginata longipedella Bösenberg & Strand 1906 -- see Neriene.
L. melanozantha Urquhart, 1893 -- see Novodamus under Nicodamidae.
L. meridionalis Tullgren, 1901 -- see Notiohyphantes.
L. mordax L. Koch, 1879 -- see Macrargus.
L. multidens Thorell, 1898 -- see Neriene.
L. multidentata Schenkel, 1936 -- see Neriene.
L. obtusa Locket, 1968 -- see Neriene.
L. ontariensis Emerton, 1925 -- see Allomengea.
L. pallipes Lucas, 1846 -- see Neriene.
L. palmaria Marples, 1955 -- see Microbathyphantes.
L. passercula Simon, 1901 -- see Neriene.
L. peltata Wider, 1834 -- see Neriene.
L. peltata marpurgensis Strand, 1907 -- see Neriene.
L. pennata Oi, 1960 -- see Neriene.
L. picturata L. Koch, 1879 -- see Poeciloneta.
L. pigra L. Koch, 1879 -- see Allomengea.
L. proletaria L. Koch, 1879 -- see Hilaira.
L. pusilla Sundevall, 1830 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. pyrenaea Thorell, 1875 -- see Neriene.
L. quindecimpunctata Urquhart, 1893 -- see Laperousea.
L. radiata Walckenaer, 1841 -- see Neriene.
L. reducta Keyserling, 1886 -- see Helophora.
L. resupinadomestica (De Geer, 1778) -- see Neriene.
L. sagittata Grube, 1861 -- see Helophora.
L. samoensis Marples, 1955 -- see Mysmenella under Mysmenidae.
L. semiatra L. Koch, 1879 -- see Centromerus.
L. similior L. Koch, 1879 -- see Bathyphantes.
L. sitkaensis Keyserling, 1886 -- see Allomengea.
L. sterilis Pavesi, 1883 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. strandia Blauvelt, 1936 -- see Neriene.
L. subdola O. P.-Cambridge, 1879 -- see Haplinis.
L. subtilis Keyserling, 1886 -- see Dubiaranea.
L. sundaica Simon, 1905 -- see Neriene.
L. suspiciosa Pavesi, 1883 -- see Microlinyphia.
L. terrena L. Koch, 1879 -- see Lepthyphantes.
L. tersa Simon, 1894 -- see Labullinyphia.
L. tibialis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see Frontinella.
L. tomskica Strand, 1900 -- see Tenuiphantes.
L. tridens Schenkel, 1930 -- see Estrandia.
L. triumphalis Denis, 1952 -- see Centromerus.
L. trucidans L. Koch, 1879 -- see Mughiphantes.
L. turbidula (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Dubiaranea.
L. uncata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see Novafrontina.
L. vidua L. Koch, 1879 -- see Allomengea.
L. waldea Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943 -- see Neriene.
L. yunohamensis Bösenberg & Strand 1906 -- see Turinyphia.

In synonymy:
L. albini (Scopoli, 1763, T from Araneus, where "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer) = L. triangularis (Clerck, 1757) (van Helsdingen, 1969: 33, after Bonnet).
L. montana (Linnaeus, 1758) = L. triangularis (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by IZCN Direction 104).
L. pulchra Kulczyn'ski, 1911, erroneously listed under Lepthyphantes pulcher (Kulczyn'ski, 1881) by Roewer, 1942a: 553 = L. mimonti Simon, 1884 (van Helsdingen, 1969: 68).

Homonym replaced:
L. setosa Forster, 1964 -- see Mangua under Synotaxidae.

Nomem nudum:
L. musae Schmidt, 1954.

Nomina dubia:
L. albiapiata Urquhart, 1891a: 143 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011370] (mf, New Zealand -- Paquin et al., 2008d: 3.
L. albomaculata Grube, 1861: 9 (Russia) -- Marusik et al., 1993b: 84.
L. coronaria C. L. Koch, 1837b: 10 (Germany) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1542.
L. cruenta Urquhart, 1891a: 142 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011384] (m, New Zealand, originally as L. cruentum) -- Paquin et al., 2008d: 3.
L. delicatula Walckenaer, 1841: 271 (France) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1542.
L. deplanata MacLeay, 1827: 468 (Australia) -- van Helsdingen, 1972: 370.
L. frondosa C. L. Koch, 1833: 121, pl. 20-21 (Germany) -- omitted by Roewer.
L. furcigera Canestrini, 1873: 47 (mf, Sardinia) -- Brignoli, 1983b: 564.
L. furva Blackwall, 1841: 663 (Europe)-- Roewer, 1955c: 1543.
L. incerta Walckenaer, 1841: 280 (Australia) -- van Helsdingen, 1972: 370.
L. javensis Doleschall, 1859: 47 (Java) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1544.
L. lepida Blackwall, 1866: 460 (Africa) -- Scharff, 1990b: 145.
L. lugubris Walckenaer, 1841: 272 (France) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1544.
L. multicolor Urquhart, 1891a: 140 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011413] (m, New Zealand) -- Paquin et al., 2008d: 3.
L. multipunctata Nicolet, 1849: 522 (f, Chile) -- Miller, 2007a: 259.
L. nasata Blackwall, 1864a: 237 (England) -- Bristowe, 1941: 522.
L. nigella Blackwall, 1836: 487 (England) -- Bristowe, 1941: 522.
L. pellos Urquhart, 1891a: 146 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011425] (m, New Zealand) -- Paquin et al., 2008d: 3.
L. picta Nicolet, 1849: 523 (mf, Chile) -- Miller, 2007a: 259.
L. pulchella Blackwall, 1846b: 301 (England) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1546; Bonnet, 1957: 2431.
L. punctata Blackwall, 1870b: 429 (Italy) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1546.
L. pyramitela Walckenaer, 1841: 261 (USA) -- considered a senior S of Frontinella communis (Hentz, 1850) by Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 81, but that S rejected by subsequent workers.
L. ripariola L. Koch, in Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 787 (Italy) -- omitted by Roewer.
L. rubra Walckenaer, 1841: 280 (locality unknown) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1546.
L. rufa Walckenaer, 1841: 284 (USA) -- Exline & Levi, 1962: 122.
L. rugosa Workman, 1900: 120 (f, Malaysia) -- omitted by Roewer.
L. tenella Blackwall, 1854a: 177 (England) -- Bristowe, 1941: 529.
L. tenuipes Nicolet, 1849: 524 (f, Chile) -- Miller, 2007a: 259.

mf adstricta (Keyserling, 1886)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011369]
Frontina a. Keyserling, 1886b: 116, pl. 15, f. 199 (Dm).
Floronia a. Banks, 1898b: 245 (Df).
L. a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 246.

f albipunctata O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011371]
L. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 41 (Df).

mf alpicola van Helsdingen, 1969....................Central Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011372]
L. a. van Helsdingen, 1969: 62, f. 62-64, 66-70, pl. 2, f. 2 (Dmf).
L. a. van Helsdingen, 1973a: 211, f. 2-3, 6-7, 10, 13 (mf).
L. a. Thaler, 1983a: 143, f. 67 (f).
L. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 202, f. 548 (mf).

m armata (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011373]
Frontina a. Keyserling, 1891: 230, pl. 9, f. 171 (Dm).
L. a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 246.

m bicuspis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011375]
Frontinella b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 422, pl. 40, f. 3 (Dm).
L. b. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 246.

mf bifasciata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011376]
Neriene b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 420, pl. 39, f. 20-21 (Dmf).
L. b. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 247.

mf bisignata (Banks, 1909)....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011377]
Neriene b. Banks, 1909a: 206, pl. 6, f. 22 (Dmf).
L. b. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 247.

mf calcarifera (Keyserling, 1886)....................Panama, Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011378]
Frontina c. Keyserling, 1886b: 107, pl. 14, f. 193 (Dmf).
L. c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 247.
L. c. Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 107, f. 18 (Df).

mf catalina Gertsch, 1951....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011379]
L. c. Gertsch, 1951: 8, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
L. c. Millidge, 1984b: 239, f. 47 (f).

f chiapasia Gertsch & Davis, 1946....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011380]
L. c. Gertsch & Davis, 1946: 6, f. 14 (Df).
L. chapasia Brignoli, 1983c: 303.

f chiridota (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:010412]
Erigone c. Thorell, 1895: 108 (Df).
L. c. Tanasevitch, 2010c: 103, f. 1-3 (Tf from Erigone).

f clara (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011381]
Frontina c. Keyserling, 1891: 234, pl. 9, f. 175 (Df).
L. c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 247.

f confinis O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011382]
L. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 306, pl. 35, f. 9 (Df).
Frontinella c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 423, pl. 40, f. 9.

mf consanguinea O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011383]
L. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 40 (Dmf).

m cylindrata (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011385]
Frontina c. Keyserling, 1891: 232, pl. 9, f. 173 (Dm).
L. c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 248.

f decorata (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011386]
Frontina d. Keyserling, 1891: 235, pl. 9, f. 177 (Df).
L. d. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 248.

m duplicata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011388]
Neriene d. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 418, pl. 39, f. 11 (Dm).
L. d. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 248.

f eiseni Banks, 1898....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011389]
L. e. Banks, 1898b: 244, pl. 14, f. 10 (Df).

mf emertoni Thorell, 1875....................Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011390]
L. emertonii Thorell, 1875d: 494 (Dmf).

m falculifera (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011391]
Frontinella f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 422, pl. 40, f. 4 (Dm).
L. f. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 249.

f ferentaria (Keyserling, 1886)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011392]
Frontina f. Keyserling, 1886b: 119, pl. 15, f. 201 (Df).
L. f. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 249.

f horaea (Keyserling, 1886)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011393]
Frontina h. Keyserling, 1886b: 101, pl. 14, f. 189 (Df).
L. h. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 249.

mf hortensis Sundevall, 1830....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011394]
L. h. Sundevall, 1830: 26 (Dmf).
L. sylvatica Blackwall, 1841: 659 (Dmf).
L. frutetorum C. L. Koch, 1845: 123, f. 1044-1046 (mf, in part).
L. h. Westring, 1861: 99.
L. albicincta O. P.-Cambridge, 1863: 8577 (Dj).
L. pratensis Blackwall, 1864a: 215, pl. 15, f. 141 (Dmf).
L. h. Menge, 1866: 108, pl. 18, f. 35 (mf).
L. h. Thorell, 1870a: 48.
L. h. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 58, pl. 2, f. 24 (mf).
L. h. Becker, 1896: 29, pl. 4, f. 3 (mf).
L. h. Bösenberg, 1901: 67, pl. 5, f. 67 (mf).
L. h. Engelhardt, 1910: 57, f. 15 (f).
L. h. Reimoser, 1929c: 87, f. 6 (mf).
L. h. Simon, 1929: 637, 745, f. 982-984 (mf).
L. h. Blauvelt, 1936: 125, pl. 9, f. 64, 66-69 (mf).
L. h. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 401, f. 237G, 239C, 240E (mf).
L. h. Wiehle, 1956: 320, f. 527-533 (mf).
L. h. van Helsdingen, 1969: 55, f. 50-61, pl. 2, f. 1 (mf).
L. h. Tyschchenko, 1971: 230, f. 741 (f).
L. h. Miller, 1971: 220, pl. XLII, f. 21-23 (f).
L. h. van Helsdingen, 1973a: 211, f. 4-5, 8-9, 11-12 (mf).
L. h. Palmgren, 1975: 84, f. 19.11-13 (mf).
L. h. Millidge, 1977: 47, f. 185 (m).
L. h. Roberts, 1987: 159, f. 83b, 84b (mf).
L. h. Izmailova, 1989: 74, f. 53 (f).
L. h. Tanasevitch, 1990: 99, f. 27.4-6 (mf).
L. h. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 202, f. 547 (mf).
L. h. Roberts, 1992: 193, f. 2b, 3b (mf).
L. h. Roberts, 1995: 365, f. (mf).
L. h. Mcheidze, 1997: 301, f. 697-698 (f).
L. h. Roberts, 1998: 375, f. (mf).
L. h. Fritzén, 2010: 3, f. 1a-d (f).

f hospita (Keyserling, 1886)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011395]
Frontina h. Keyserling, 1886b: 104, pl. 14, f. 191 (Df).
L. h. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 249.

f hui Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037583]
L. h. Hu, 2001: 519, f. 345.1-3 (Df).

mf karschi Roewer, 1942....................São Tomé [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011396]
L. viridis Karsch, 1884a: 64, f. 5 (Dmf; N.B.: preoccupied by Vinson, 1863).
L. k. Roewer, 1942a: 585 (replacement name).

f lambda (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011397]
Neriene l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 419, pl. 39, f. 18 (Df).
L. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 250.

f lehmanni Simon, 1903....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011398]
L. l. Simon, 1903i: 311 (Df).

f leucosternon White, 1841....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011399]
L. l. White, 1841: 474 (Df).

f limatula Simon, 1904....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011400]
L. l. Simon, 1904e: 93 (Df).

f limbata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011401]
Neriene l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 420, pl. 39, f. 23 (Df).
L. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 250.
Neriene l. Millidge, 1993c: 150, f. 43 (f).

f lineola Pavesi, 1883....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011402]
L. l. Pavesi, 1883: 28 (Df).

f linguatula (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011403]
Neriene l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 420, pl. 39, f. 23 (Df).
L. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 251.

f linzhiensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037584]
L. l. Hu, 2001: 516, f. 343.1-4 (Df).

f longiceps (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011404]
Frontina l. Keyserling, 1891: 234, pl. 9, f. 176 (Df).
L. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 251.

mf longispina (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011405]
Neriene l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 418, pl. 39, f. 10 (Dmf).
L. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 251.

m ludibunda (Keyserling, 1886)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011406]
Frontina l. Keyserling, 1886b: 118, pl. 15, f. 200 (Dm).
L. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 251.

f lurida (Keyserling, 1886)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011407]
Frontina l. Keyserling, 1886b: 103, pl. 14, f. 190 (Df).
L. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 251.

f maculosa (Banks, 1909)....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011408]
Neriene m. Banks, 1909a: 205 (Df).
L. m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 251.

mf maura Thorell, 1875....................Western Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011409]
L. m. Thorell, 1875c: 18 (Dj).
L. triangularis m. Simon, 1884a: 231 (Df).
L. lusitanica Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 57, pl. 2, f. 73 (Df).
L. triangularis m. Simon, 1929: 633, 743 (Dm).
L. m. van Helsdingen, 1969: 41, f. 31-39 (mf, elevated from subspecies of L. montana).
L. m. Bosmans, 2006a: 136, f. 33-36 (mf).

f melanoprocta Mello-Leitão, 1944....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011410]
L. m. Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 328, f. 10-11 (Df).

m menyuanensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037585]
L. m. Hu, 2001: 517, f. 344.1-5 (Dm).

mf mimonti Simon, 1884....................Italy, Greece, Crete, Lebanon, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011411]
L. m. Simon, 1884j: 334 (D).
Linyphia pulchra Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 28, pl. 2, f. 27-29 (Df).
L. m. van Helsdingen, 1969: 68, f. 71-78 (mf, S).
L. m. Brignoli, 1975c: 15, f. 11-12 (m).

mf monticolens Roewer, 1942....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011412]
L. monticola Keyserling, 1886b: 90, pl. 14, f. 184 (Dmf; N.B.: preoccupied by Kulczyn'ski, 1881).
L. m. Roewer, 1942a: 590 (replacement name).

m neophita Hentz, 1850....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011415]
L. n. Hentz, 1850: 31, pl. 4, f. 10 (Dm).

mf nepalensis Wunderlich, 1983....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011416]
L. n. Wunderlich, 1983a: 221, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

f nicobarensis Tikader, 1977....................Nicobar Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011417]
L. n. Tikader, 1977a: 166, f. 4A-B (Df).

f nigrita (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011418]
Neriene n. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 419, pl. 39, f. 19 (Df).
L. n. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 252.
L. n. Ibarra-Núñez, Maya-Morales & Chamé-Vázquez, 2011: 1186, f. 6i (f).

f nitens Urquhart, 1893....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011419]
L. n. Urquhart, 1893b: 108 (Df).

j obesa Thorell, 1875....................Sweden [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011420]
L. o. Thorell, 1875a: 83 (Dj).
L. o. Thorell, 1875c: 19 (Dj).

m obscurella Roewer, 1942....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011421]
Frontina obscura Keyserling, 1891: 231, pl. 9, f. 172 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied by Blackwall, 1841, sub Linyphia).
L. obscura Petrunkevitch, 1911: 252.
L. o. Roewer, 1942a: 590 (replacement name).

f octopunctata (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011422]
Neriene o. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 43, pl. 11, f. 102 (Df).
L. o. Roewer, 1942a: 590.

f oligochronia (Keyserling, 1886)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011423]
Frontina o. Keyserling, 1886b: 109, pl. 14, f. 194 (Df).
L. o. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 253.

f orophila Thorell, 1877....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011424]
L. o. Thorell, 1877c: 480 (Df).

f perampla O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011426]
L. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 42 (Df).

f peruana (Keyserling, 1886)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011427]
Frontina p. Keyserling, 1886b: 115, pl. 15, f. 198 (Df).
L. p. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 253.

f petrunkevitchi Roewer, 1942....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011428]
Neriene pallida F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 419, pl. 39, f. 15 (Df; N.B.: preoccupied by Blackwall, 1843, sub Linyphia).
L. pallida Petrunkevitch, 1911: 253.
L. p. Roewer, 1942a: 590 (replacement name).

f phaeochorda Rainbow, 1920....................Norfolk Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011429]
L. p. Rainbow, 1920b: 245, pl. 29, f. 49-50 (Df).

f phyllophora Thorell, 1890....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011430]
L. p. Thorell, 1890a: 254 (Df).

f polita Blackwall, 1870....................Sicily [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011432]
L. p. Blackwall, 1870a: 403, pl. 8, f. 7 (Df).

f postica (Banks, 1909)....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011433]
Neriene p. Banks, 1909a: 206, pl. 6, f. 23, 31, 50 (Df).
L. p. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 253.

f rita Gertsch, 1951....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011434]
L. r. Gertsch, 1951: 10, f. 7-8 (Df).
L. r. Millidge, 1984b: 239, f. 23, 46 (f).

f rubella Keyserling, 1886....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011435]
L. r. Keyserling, 1886b: 88, pl. 14, f. 182 (Df).

m rubriceps (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011436]
Frontina r. Keyserling, 1891: 236, pl. 9, f. 178 (Dm).
L. r. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 254.

f rustica (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011437]
Frontinella r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 423, pl. 40, f. 8 (Df).
L. r. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 254.

f sagana Dönitz & Strand, 1906....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011438]
L. s. Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 382, pl. 3, f. 13 (Df).

mf sikkimensis Tikader, 1970....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011439]
L. s. Tikader, 1970: 20, f. 12a-d (Dmf).

m simplicata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011440]
Neriene s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 418, pl. 39, f. 12 (Dm).
L. s. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 254.

f straminea O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011441]
L. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 42 (Df).

f subluteae Urquhart, 1893....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011442]
L. sub-luteae Urquhart, 1893b: 107 (Df).

f tauphora Chamberlin, 1928....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011443]
L. t. Chamberlin, in Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1928: 180 (Df).

mf tenuipalpis Simon, 1884....................Europe to Central Asia, Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011444]
L. triangularis t. Simon, 1884a: 230 (Dm).
L. t. Kulczyn'ski, 1913a: 21, pl. 1, f. 6-9 (m, Df).
L. triangularis t. Simon, 1929: 633, 743 (Dm).
L. t. Holm, 1968a: 199, f. 23-26 (mf, elevated from subspecies of L. montana).
L. t. van Helsdingen, 1969: 48, f. 40-49 (mf).
L. t. Palmgren, 1972: 129, f. 13-15 (mf).
L. t. Palmgren, 1975: 84, f. 19.5-8 (mf).
L. t. Tanasevitch, 1990: 98, f. 27.2-3 (mf).
L. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 202, f. 546 (mf).
L. t. Roberts, 1998: 376, f. (mf).
L. t. Bosmans, 2006a: 137, f. 37-40 (mf).

f textrix Walckenaer, 1841....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011446]
L. t. Walckenaer, 1841: 281 (Df).

mf triangularis (Clerck, 1757) *....................Palearctic, introduced in USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011448]
Araneus t. Clerck, 1757: 71, pl. 3, f. 2 (Dm, in part).
Aranea montana Linnaeus, 1758: 621 (D).
Araneus albini Scopoli, 1763: 396 (D).
Aranea pinnata Ström, 1768: 363 (D).
Aranea resupina sylvestris De Geer, 1778: 245, pl. 14, f. 13-21 (D).
Aranea t. Walckenaer, 1802: 214.
L. t. Walckenaer, 1805: 70.
L. walckenaeri Risso, 1826: 169 (D).
L. t. Sundevall, 1830: 28 (Df).
L. montana Walckenaer, 1841: 233 (Dmf).
L. t. Walckenaer, 1841: 240 (f).
L. montana C. L. Koch, 1845: 113, f. 1038-1039 (mf).
L. montana Blackwall, 1864a: 211, pl. 15, f. 138 (mf).
L. t. Blackwall, 1864a: 212, pl. 15, f. 139 (mf).
L. macrognatha Menge, 1866: 101, pl. 17, f. 31 (Dmf).
L. micrognatha Menge, 1866: 103, pl. 17, f. 32 (Dmf).
L. t. Thorell, 1870a: 46.
L. t. Lebert, 1877: 149, pl. 3, f. 16, pl. 4, f. 27 (mf).
L. t. Becker, 1896: 18, pl. 3, f. 1 (mf).
L. t. Bösenberg, 1901: 65, pl. 5, f. 63 (mf).
L. t. Engelhardt, 1910: 61, f. 18-19 (f).
L. t. Fedotov, 1912a: 69, f. 10 (f).
L. t. Osterloh, 1922: 329, f. 1-7, 20, 23, 26, 39-40 (mf).
L. t. Simon, 1929: 633, 742, f. 968-970 (mf).
L. montana Reimoser, 1931b: 85, f. 2 (mf).
L. pinnata Kolosváry, 1933: 57, f. 4.1-2 (f).
L. t. Blauvelt, 1936: 124, pl. 8, f. 60-62, pl. 9, f. 63, 65 (mf).
L. t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 397, f. 237C, F, 238A, 240A (mf).
L. t. Wiehle, 1956: 308, f. 506-512 (mf).
L. t. Merrett, 1963b: 373, f. 29A-F (m).
L. t. Azheganova, 1968: 67, f. 127, 140 (mf).
L. t. van Helsdingen, 1969: 31, f. 2-3, 5, 19-30, pl. 1 (mf, S).
L. t. Palmgren, 1975: 84, f. 19.1-4 (mf).
L. t. Punda, 1975b: 50, f. 101-102 (f).
L. t. Millidge, 1977: 47, f. 186 (m).
L. t. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 51, f. IV.5-6 (mf).
L. t. Millidge, 1984b: 244, f. 56 (f).
L. t. Zhu et al., 1985: 105, f. 91a-c (f).
L. t. Schult, 1986: 267, f. 27-30 (mf).
L. t. Song, 1987: 133, f. 94 (mf).
L. t. Roberts, 1987: 159, f. 83a, 84a (mf).
L. t. Hu & Wu, 1989: 153, f. 126.1-4 (mf).
L. t. Tanasevitch, 1990: 98, f. 26.24-25, 27.1 (mf).
L. t. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 227, f. LXX.5-6 (mf).
L. t. Izmailova, 1989: 78, f. 59 (f).
L. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 202, f. 545 (mf).
L. t. Roberts, 1992: 193, f. 2a, 3a (mf).
L. t. Hormiga, 1994b: 4, f. 8A-C, 9A-D (m).
L. t. Roberts, 1995: 365, f. (mf).
L. t. Hormiga, Eberhard & Coddington, 1995: 323, f. 5A-B (m).
L. t. Mcheidze, 1997: 299, f. 686-688 (mf).
L. t. Griswold et al., 1998: 64, f. 13C (m).
L. t. Roberts, 1998: 375, f. (mf).
L. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 186, f. 104A-B, E-F (mf).
L. t. Hormiga, 2000: 84, pl. 7A-F, 8A-D (mf).
L. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 136, f. 73A-E (mf).
L. t. Agnarsson, 2004: 604, f. 89B (m).
L. t. Funke & Huber, 2005: 870, f. 3-5 (mf).
L. t. Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 385, f. 196 (m).
L. t. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 850, f. 137B, 139B (m).

f triangularis juniperina Kolosváry, 1933....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011449]
L. pinnata j. Kolosváry, 1933: 57, f. 4.3 (Df).

f triangularoides Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011450]
L. t. Schenkel, 1936b: 73, f. 25 (Df).
L. t. Tanasevitch, 1989a: 170, f. 226 (f).
L. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 186, f. 104C (f).

m trifalcata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011451]
Neriene t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 418, pl. 39, f. 13 (Dm).
L. t. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 255.

mf tuasivia Marples, 1955....................Samoa, Aitutaki [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011453]
L. t. Marples, 1955a: 493, pl. 59, f. 2-3 (Dmf).

f tubernaculofaciens Hingston, 1932....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011454]
L. t. Hingston, 1932: 377 (Df).

f urbasae Tikader, 1970....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011455]
L. u. Tikader, 1970: 19, f. 11a-c (Df).

f virgata (Keyserling, 1886)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011456]
Frontina v. Keyserling, 1886b: 113, pl. 15, f. 196 (Df).
L. v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 255.

f xilitla Gertsch & Davis, 1946....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:011457]
L. x. Gertsch & Davis, 1946: 6, f. 13 (Df).
L. xylitla Millidge, 1984b: 239, f. 22 (f).

f yangmingensis Yin, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046198]
L. y. Yin, in Yin et al., 2012: 506, f. 236a-d (f).