The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: SICARIIDAE

Gen. Loxosceles Heineken & Lowe, 1832 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00325]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Calheirosia Mello-Leitão, 1917 by Brignoli, 1978a: 18, and of Loxoscella Strand, 1906 by Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 277; the spelling Lososcelis is an invalid emendation.

Transferred to other genera:
L. valida Lawrence, 1964 -- see Drymusa under Drymusidae.

In synonymy:
L. bicolor (Holmberg, 1876, removed from S of L. rufipes) = L. laeta (Nicolet, 1849) (Gertsch, 1967a: 149).
L. bolivari Gertsch, 1958 = L. devia Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940 (Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 289).
L. compactilis Simon, 1881 = L. rufescens (Dufour, 1820) (Brignoli, 1976a: 142).
L. distincta (Lucas, 1846) = L. rufescens (Dufour, 1820) (Brignoli, 1976a: 142).
L. indrabeles Tikader, 1963 = L. rufescens (Dufour, 1820) (Brignoli, 1976a: 144).
L. longipalpis Banks, 1902 = L. laeta (Nicolet, 1849) (Gertsch, 1967a: 149).
L. marylandica Muma, 1944 = L. rufescens (Dufour, 1820) (Gertsch, 1958b: 31).
L. nesophila Chamberlin, 1920 = L. laeta (Nicolet, 1849) (Gertsch, 1967a: 149).
L. ornata Mello-Leitão, 1938 = L. intermedia Mello-Leitão, 1934 (Gertsch, 1967a: 142, contra Bücherl, 1961: 219).
L. pictithorax Strand, 1914 = L. lutea Keyserling, 1877 (Bücherl, 1961: 219).
L. spiniceps Lawrence, 1952 = L. spinulosa Purcell, 1904 (Newlands, 1975: 144).
L. surata Simon, 1907 = L. similis Moenkhaus, 1898 (Camargo, 1953: 303).
L. yura Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = L. laeta (Nicolet, 1849) (Gertsch, 1967a: 149).

Nomina dubia:
L. decemnotata Franganillo, 1925: 35 (mf, Spain) -- Brignoli, 1976a: 144.
L. rufescens lucifuga Simon, 1910a: 50 (Algeria) -- Brignoli, 1976a: 144.
L. unicolor Keyserling, 1887b: 474, pl. 6, f. 46 (m) -- Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 284.

Nomen nudum:
L. flavescens (Nicolet, 1849: 350, originally in Scytodes, T here by Simon, 1893a: 272, 1896e: 105) -- Gertsch, 1967a: 124.

mf accepta Chamberlin, 1920....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002657]
L. a. Chamberlin, 1920b: 39, pl. 4, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
L. a. Gertsch, 1967a: 158, pl. 9, f. 1-2, 7-8 (mf).

mf adelaida Gertsch, 1967....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002658]
L. a. Gertsch, 1967a: 138, pl. 4, f. 11 (Df).
L. a. Brignoli, 1972c: 362, f. 1, 3-4 (f, Dm).

mf alamosa Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002659]
L. a. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 316, f. 169-172, 191-193 (Dmf).

f alicea Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002660]
L. a. Gertsch, 1967a: 163, pl. 10, f. 11 (Df).

mf amazonica Gertsch, 1967....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002661]
L. a. Gertsch, 1967a: 143, pl. 4, f. 7-10, pl. 5, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
L. a. Lucas, Cardoso & Moraes, 1986: 130, f. 3-4 (f).
L. a. Duncan et al., 2010: 241, f. 3 (mf; N.B.: possibly introduced from northern Africa).

mf anomala (Mello-Leitão, 1917)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002662]
Calheirosia a. Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 80, f. 4-6 (Dmf).
L. a. Álvares, Rodrigues & De Maria, 2004: 293, f. 1-4 (mf).

mf apachea Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002663]
L. a. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 296, f. 64-67, 92-96 (Dmf).

mf aphrasta Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002664]
L. a. Wang, 1994e: 13, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
L. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 49, f. 19K, O (mf).
L. a. Yin et al., 2012: 146, f. 19a-b (mf).

f aranea Gertsch, 1973....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002665]
L. a. Gertsch, 1973a: 160, f. 35 (Df).
L. a. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 330, f. 257 (f).

mf arizonica Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002666]
L. arizonicus Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940: 317 (Dmf).
L. a. Gertsch, 1958b: 13, f. 27-29, 84-87, 90 (mf).
L. a. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 295, f. 59-63, 87-91 (mf).

mf aurea Gertsch, 1973....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002667]
L. a. Gertsch, 1973a: 159, f. 36 (Dmf).
L. a. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 320, f. 24-27, 47 (mf).

mf baja Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002668]
L. b. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 306, f. 138-141, 160-161 (Dmf).

f barbara Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002669]
L. b. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 310, f. 162 (Df).

mf belli Gertsch, 1973....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002670]
L. b. Gertsch, 1973a: 159, f. 37-38 (Dmf).
L. b. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 322, f. 196-199, 212-215 (mf).

mf bergeri Strand, 1906....................Namibia, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045503]
L. b. Strand, 1906c: 26 (Df).
L. b. Lotz, 2012: 15, f. 9A, 10A (removed f from S of L. spinulosa, contra Newlands, 1975: 144, Dm).

mf bettyae Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002671]
L. b. Gertsch, 1967a: 159, pl. 9, f. 9-12 (Dmf).

f blancasi Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002672]
L. b. Gertsch, 1967a: 156, pl. 7, f. 7 (Df).

mf blanda Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002673]
L. b. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 298, f. 68-71, 97-101 (Dmf).

mf boneti Gertsch, 1958....................Mexico, El Salvador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002674]
L. b. Gertsch, 1958b: 23, f. 39-41, 74-76 (Dmf).
L. b. Brignoli, 1976a: 137, f. 3 (f).
L. b. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 333, f. 228-231, 240-243 (mf).

mf candela Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002675]
L. c. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 325, f. 208-211, 216-217 (Dmf).

mf caribbaea Gertsch, 1958....................Greater Antilles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002676]
L. c. Gertsch, 1958b: 17, f. 15, 54-56, 78-79 (Dmf).
L. c. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 340, f. 19, 295-298, 318-323 (mf).
L. caribbea Wunderlich, 1988: 69, f. 91 (m).
L. c. Pérez, 1997: 8, f. 1a-b (mf).
L. c. Sánchez-Ruiz & Brescovit, 2013a: 213, f. 1-8, 41-42 (mf).

f carmena Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002677]
L. c. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 310, f. 159 (Df).

mf chapadensis Bertani, Fukushima & Nagahama, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043503]
L. c. Bertani, Fukushima & Nagahama, 2010: 364, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

mf chinateca Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002678]
L. c. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 331, f. 236-239, 248-251 (Dmf).

mf colima Gertsch, 1958....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002679]
L. c. Gertsch, 1958b: 24, f. 11, 48-50, 96 (Dmf).
L. c. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 332, f. 17, 224-227, 291-292 (mf).
L. c. Lucio-Palacio & Berea-Nuñez, 2013: 43, f. 2-4 (mf).

mf conococha Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002680]
L. c. Gertsch, 1967a: 154, pl. 8, f. 9-10 (Dmf).

f coquimbo Gertsch, 1967....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002681]
L. c. Gertsch, 1967a: 158, pl. 8, f. 5 (Df).

mf coyote Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002682]
L. c. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 316, f. 173-176, 187-190 (Dmf).

mf cubana Gertsch, 1958....................Cuba, Bahama Is., HIspaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002683]
L. c. Gertsch, 1958b: 19, f. 51-53, 81 (Dmf).
L. c. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 344, f. 299-302, 328-331 (mf).
L. c. Pérez, 1997: 8, f. 2a-b (mf).
L. c. Penney, 2008: 71, f. 5.17 (m).
L. c. Sánchez-Ruiz & Brescovit, 2013a: 213, f. 9-16, 39-40 (mf).

mf deserta Gertsch, 1973....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002684]
L. unicolor Gertsch, 1958b: 15, f. 3, 30-32, 88-89 (removed m from S of L. rufipes, Df, misidentified).
L. d. Gertsch, 1973a: 159 (Dmf).
L. d. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 291, f. 53-58, 72-86 (mf).

mf devia Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002685]
L. devius Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940: 316 (Dmf).
L. d. Gertsch, 1958b: 11, f. 7-8, 12-14, 16-20, 24-26 (mf).
L. bolivari Gertsch, 1958b: 22, f. 42-44 (Dm; not f, =L. valdosa).
L. d. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 289, f. 1-7, 12-15, 28-31, 42-46 (mf, S).

mf fontainei Millot, 1941....................Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002686]
L. f. Millot, 1941: 36, f. 13A-B (Dmf).
L. f. Lotz, 2012: 17, f. 9B (m).

mf foutadjalloni Millot, 1941....................Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002687]
L. fouta-djalloni Millot, 1941: 32, f. 12A-D (Dmf).
L. f. Duncan et al., 2010: 241, f. 3 (mf).
L. f. Lotz, 2012: 17, f. 9C, 10B (mf).

m francisca Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002688]
L. f. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 311, f. 142-145 (Dm).

mf frizzelli Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002689]
L. f. Gertsch, 1967a: 162, pl. 10, f. 12-14 (Dmf).

mf gaucho Gertsch, 1967....................Brazil, Tunisia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002690]
L. rufescens Bücherl, 1964: 41, f. 1a-d, 4a-c (mf, misidentified).
L. g. Gertsch, 1967a: 133, pl. 3, f. 1-5, 10-11, pl. 4, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
L. g. Brignoli, 1976a: 140, f. 2 (f).
L. g. Fischer, 1994: 76, f. 7A-B, 8 (m).
L. g. Duncan et al., 2010: 241, f. 3 (mf).

mf gloria Gertsch, 1967....................Ecuador, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002691]
L. g. Gertsch, 1967a: 160, pl. 9, f. 3-6 (Dmf).

f guatemala Gertsch, 1973....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002692]
L. g. Gertsch, 1973a: 161, f. 34 (Df).
L. g. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 337, f. 286-287 (f).

f harrietae Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002693]
L. h. Gertsch, 1967a: 163, pl. 7, f. 10 (Df).

mf herreri Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002694]
L. h. Gertsch, 1967a: 155, pl. 8, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

mf hirsuta Mello-Leitão, 1931....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002695]
L. hirsutus Mello-Leitão, 1931a: 13 (Df).
L. h. Mello-Leitão, 1934a: 71, f. 1e, 2c (f).
L. spadicea Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 108, f. 3 (m, misidentified).
L. h. Gertsch, 1967a: 141, pl. 5, f. 3-5, 12-13 (mf).

mf huasteca Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002696]
L. h. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 325, f. 200-203, 223 (Dmf).

f immodesta (Mello-Leitão, 1917)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002697]
Calheirosia i. Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 81 (Df).

mf inca Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002698]
L. i. Gertsch, 1967a: 163, pl. 6, f. 10, pl. 10, f. 4, pl. 11, f. 11-13 (Dmf).

f insula Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002699]
L. i. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 311, f. 186 (Df).

mf intermedia Mello-Leitão, 1934....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002700]
L. i. Mello-Leitão, 1934a: 73, f. 1d, 2d, 3d (Dmf).
L. ornatus Mello-Leitão, 1938a: 91, f. 2 (Df).
L. ornata Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 107, f. 2, pl. III, f. 6 (Dm).
L. spadicea Bücherl, 1964: 45, f. 3a-d, 6a-c (mf, misidentified).
L. i. Gertsch, 1967a: 141, pl. 5, f. 1-2, 14 (mf, S).
L. i. Brignoli, 1976a: 139, f. 5 (f).
L. i. Fischer, 1994: 76, f. 3.1-22, 9A-B, 10A-B (mf).

mf jaca Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002701]
L. j. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 329, f. 146-149, 258-259 (Dmf).

mf jamaica Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002702]
L. j. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 344, f. 303-306, 324-326 (Dmf).

f jarmila Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002703]
L. j. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 345, f. 327 (Df).

f julia Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002704]
L. j. Gertsch, 1967a: 155, pl. 7, f. 11 (Df).

mf kaiba Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002705]
L. k. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 303, f. 110-113, 133 (Dmf).

f lacroixi Millot, 1941....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002706]
L. l. Millot, 1941: 35, f. 13C (Df).
L. l. Lotz, 2012: 19, f. 10C (f).

mf lacta Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002707]
L. l. Wang, 1994e: 14, f. 3-4 (Dmf).
L. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 49, f. 19L, P (mf).
L. l. Yin et al., 2012: 147, f. 20a-c (mf).

mf laeta (Nicolet, 1849)....................America, Finland, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002708]
Scytodes l. Nicolet, 1849: 349, pl. 2, f. 3 (Df).
Scytodes rufipes Nicolet, 1849: 348, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
Scytodes nigella Nicolet, 1849: 350, pl. 2, f. 4 (Df).
Omosita bicolor Holmberg, 1876: 4, f. 2 (D).
L. longipalpis Banks, 1902c: 55, pl. 1, f. 13 (Df).
L. l. Simon, 1907c: 246 (Dm).
L. nesophila Chamberlin, 1920b: 40, pl. 4, f. 6 (Df).
L. yura Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 5, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
L. l. Gertsch, 1958b: 37, f. 69-72 (mf).
Scytodes l. Bücherl, 1960: 73 (T, rejected).
L. rufipes Bücherl, 1961: 213, f. 2b (m, misidentified).
L. rufipes Bücherl, 1964: 43, f. 2a-d, 5a-c (mf, misidentified).
L. l. Gertsch, 1967a: 147, pl. 6, f. 1-9, pl. 7, f. 1-5, 8-9 (mf, S).
L. l. Palmgren, 1977a: 27, f. 6.6-7 (m).
L. l. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 349, f. 338-340, 352-355 (mf).
L. l. Lehtinen, 1986: 152, f. 3, 6.
L. l. Fischer, 1994: 76, f. 2.1-8, 4A-B, 5A-B, 6 (mf).

f lawrencei Caporiacco, 1955....................Venezuela, Trinidad, Curaçao [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002709]
Loxoscelis l. Caporiacco, 1955: 296 (Df).
L. l. Gertsch, 1967a: 168, pl. 11, f. 14 (f).
L. l. Brignoli, 1972c: 363, f. 2 (f).

mf lutea Keyserling, 1877....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002710]
L. l. Keyserling, 1877c: 216 (Df).
L. pictithorax Strand, 1914c: 819 (Df).
L. l. Bücherl, 1961: 219 (S).
L. l. Gertsch, 1967a: 165, pl. 6, f. 11, pl. 10, f. 1-3, 9 (f, Dm).

f luteola Gertsch, 1973....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002711]
L. l. Gertsch, 1973a: 160, f. 31 (Df).
L. l. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 321, f. 52 (f).

mf maisi Sánchez-Ruiz & Brescovit, 2013....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046430]
L. m. Sánchez-Ruiz & Brescovit, 2013a: 216, f. 17-24, 47-48 (Dmf).

f manuela Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002712]
L. m. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 310, f. 163 (Df).

mf martha Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002713]
L. m. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 303, f. 114-116, 129-132 (Dmf).

mf meruensis Tullgren, 1910....................Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002714]
L. m. Tullgren, 1910: 100, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
L. m. Lotz, 2012: 22, f. 9D, 10D (f, Dm).

mf misteca Gertsch, 1958....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002715]
L. m. Gertsch, 1958b: 27, f. 63-65 (Dm).
L. m. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 334, f. 260-263, 268-272 (m, Df).

mf mogote Sánchez-Ruiz & Brescovit, 2013....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046431]
L. m. Sánchez-Ruiz & Brescovit, 2013a: 218, f. 25-30, 45-46 (Dmf).

m mrazig Ribera & Planas, 2009....................Tunisia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042567]
L. m. Ribera & Planas, 2009: 221, f. 2-7 (Dm).
L. m. Duncan et al., 2010: 241, f. 3 (m).

mf mulege Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002716]
L. m. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 309, f. 164 (Df).
L. m. Jiménez & Llinas, 2005b: 1083, f. 1-3 (Dm).

mf nahuana Gertsch, 1958....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002717]
L. n. Gertsch, 1958b: 29, f. 80 (Df).
L. n. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 324, f. 204-207, 220-222 (f, Dm).

f neuvillei Simon, 1909....................Ethiopia, Somalia, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002718]
L. n. Simon, 1909c: 31 (Df).
L. n. Berland, 1922: 46, pl. A1, f. 1 (f).
L. n. Lotz, 2012: 22, f. 10D (f).

mf niedeguidonae Gonçalves-de-Andrade et al., 2012....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044669]
L. n. Gonçalves-de-Andrade et al., 2012: 30, f. 1-13 (Dmf).

f olmea Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002719]
L. o. Gertsch, 1967a: 157, pl. 7, f. 6 (Df).

f pallidecolorata (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia, Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002720]
Loxoscella p. Strand, 1906b: 668 (Df).

mf palma Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002721]
L. p. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 302, f. 106-109, 123-128 (Dmf).

mf panama Gertsch, 1958....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002722]
L. p. Gertsch, 1958b: 35, f. 57-59, 83 (Dmf).
L. p. Gertsch, 1967a: 169, pl. 11, f. 1-3, 7 (mf).
L. p. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 355, f. 332-334, 344-346 (mf).

mf parramae Newlands, 1981....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002723]
L. parrami Newlands, 1981: 358, f. 1-3 (Dmf; N.B.: patronym for Sheila Parram).
L. p. Lotz, 2012: 26, f. 9E, 10E (mf).

mf pilosa Purcell, 1908....................Namibia, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045504]
L. p. Purcell, 1908: 225 (Df).
L. p. Lotz, 2012: 27, f. 9F, 10F (removed f from S of L. spinulosa, contra Newlands, 1975: 144, Dm).

mf piura Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002724]
L. p. Gertsch, 1967a: 161, pl. 7, f. 12 (Dmf).

f pucara Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002725]
L. p. Gertsch, 1967a: 158, pl. 10, f. 16 (Df).

mf puortoi Martins, Knysak & Bertani, 2002....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037520]
L. p. Martins, Knysak & Bertani, 2002: 2, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

mf reclusa Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002726]
L. reclusus Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940: 317 (Dmf).
L. r. Gertsch, 1958b: 7, f. 4-6, 9-10, 21-23, 91-93 (mf).
L. r. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 285, f. 8-11, 16, 20-23, 36-41 (mf).

f rica Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002727]
L. r. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 337, f. 293-294 (Df).

f rosana Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002728]
L. r. Gertsch, 1967a: 162, pl. 10, f. 10 (Df).

mf rothi Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002729]
L. r. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 308, f. 134-137, 157-158 (Dmf).

mf rufescens (Dufour, 1820) *....................Cosmopolitan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002730]
Scytodes r. Dufour, 1820c: 203, pl. 76, f. 5 (Dm).
Scytodes r. Audouin, 1826: 379, pl. 5, f. 2 (Df).
L. citigrada Heineken & Lowe, in Lowe, 1832: 322, pl. 48, f. 1-14 (Dmf).
Scytodes erythrocephala C. L. Koch, 1838: 90, f. 399-400 (Dmf).
Scytodes distincta Lucas, 1846: 104, pl. 2, f. 4 (Dmf).
Omosita r. Simon, 1864: 50, 451.
Scytodes pallida Blackwall, 1865a: 100 (Dm).
L. erythrocephala Simon, 1873a: 38 (m).
L. r. Simon, 1873a: 38.
L. erythrocephala Pavesi, 1876a: 435.
Spermophora comoroensis Butler, 1879b: 43, pl. 1, f. 5 (Dm).
L. compactilis Simon, 1881e: 6 (Df).
L. r. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 113, pl. 6, f. 69, pl. 16, f. 450 (mf).
L. distincta Simon, 1908a: 422.
L. r. Simon, 1914a: 75, 76, f. 126 (mf).
L. erythrocephala Simon, 1914a: 75, 77, f. 127 (mf).
L. r. Strand, 1918: 91, pl. 2, f. 28-29 (m).
L. r. Petrunkevitch, 1929b: 108, f. 92-96 (mf).
L. r. Bristowe, 1938a: 311, f. 6.
L. r. Comstock, 1940: 108, f. 96 (m).
L. r. Yaginuma, 1940: 129, f. 3 (m).
L. marylandicus Muma, 1944: 2, f. 1 (Dm).
L. r. Gertsch, 1958b: 31, f. 60-62, 73 (mf, S).
L. r. Bücherl, 1961: 213, f. 2a (m).
L. indrabeles Tikader, 1963f: 23, f. 1a-c (Dmf).
L. r. Lee, 1966: 24, f. 5a-d (mf).
L. r. Gertsch, 1967a: 144, pl. 10, f. 5-8 (mf).
L. r. Brignoli, 1969b: 156, f. 19-62 (mf).
L. r. Canese, 1972a: 83, f. 1 (m).
L. r. Brignoli, 1976a: 144, f. 9-10 (mf, S).
L. r. Paik, 1978d: 572, f. 6-13 (f).
L. r. Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 33, f. 1B, 3B (m).
L. r. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 353, f. 341-343, 348-351 (mf).
L. r. Lehtinen, 1986: 153, f. 4-5, 7 (mf).
L. r. Yaginuma, 1986a: 18, f. 12.1 (m).
L. r. Yoshikura, 1987: 155, f. 20.9 (m).
L. r. Xu, 1987a: 3, f. 4A-D (mf).
L. r. Chen & Gao, 1990: 37, f. 39a-b (m).
L. r. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 68, f. 60.1-3 (mf).
L. r. Dunin, 1992c: 75, f. 1, 5, 10-12 (mf).
L. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 49, f. 19M-N, Q (mf).
L. ruescens Yoo & Kim, 2002: 25, f. 4 (m, lapsus).
L. r. Namkung, 2002: 30, f. 2.1a-c (mf).
L. r. Saaristo, 2002: 29, f. 84-86 (m).
L. r. Namkung, 2003: 30, f. 2.1a-c (mf).
L. r. Ono, 2009a: 122, f. 1-6 (m).
L. r. Saaristo, 2010: 214, f. 31.1-3 (m).
L. r. Le Peru, 2011: 111, f. 112 (mf).
L. r. Labarque & Ramírez, 2012: 3, f. 2E, 5A-B, 8A-B, 9E, 10E, 11E, 12E, 13E, 14E, 15E, 16E, 17E, 18E, 19E, 20D-E, 27C-F, 28A-F, 30C-D, 31E (f).
L. r. Lotz, 2012: 29, f. 9G, 10G (mf).
L. r. Yin et al., 2012: 148, f. 21a-d (mf).
L. r. Mirshamsi, Hatami & Zamani, 2013: 83, f. 1-4 (mf).
L. r. Zamani & Rafinejad, 2014: 229, f. 2-4 (m).

mf rufipes (Lucas, 1834)....................Guatemala, Panama, Colombia, possibly West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002731]
Scytodes r. Lucas, 1834b: 8, pl. 6 (Df).
Scytodes omosites Walckenaer, 1837: 273 (Df).
Scytodes r. Keyserling, 1877c: 214, pl. 7, f. 5 (f).
L. r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 52, pl. 4, f. 7-8 (mf).
L. r. Simon, 1907c: 247, f. 1E (m).
L. r. Mello-Leitão, 1934a: 71, 73, f. 1b, 2b, 3b (mf).
L. r. Gertsch, 1958b: 33, f. 66-68, 82 (mf).
L. r. Gertsch, 1967a: 166, pl. 11, f. 8-10, 15-16 (mf).
L. r. Bücherl, 1971: 216, f. 10b (m).
L. r. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 352, f. 335-337, 347 (mf).
L. r. Wunderlich, 1988: 70, f. 95 (m).
L. r. Lotz, 2012: 30, f. 9H, 10H (mf).

mf russelli Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002732]
L. r. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 301, f. 102-105, 118-121 (Dmf).

f sabina Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002733]
L. s. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 301, f. 122 (Df).

mf seri Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002734]
L. s. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 315, f. 177-180, 194-195 (Dmf).

mf similis Moenkhaus, 1898....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002735]
L. s. Moenkhaus, 1898: 79, pl. 5, f. 7 (Df).
L. surata Simon, 1907c: 247, f. 1D (Dm).
L. surata Mello-Leitão, 1934a: 71, 73, f. 1a, 2a, 3a (m, Df).
L. s. Camargo, 1953: 303 (removed f from S of L. laeta, Sm).
L. s. Gertsch, 1967a: 136, pl. 3, f. 6-7, pl. 4, f. 3-4 (mf).
L. s. Bücherl, 1971: 216, f. 10a (m).
L. s. Bücherl, 1972: 9, f. 5 (m).

mf simillima Lawrence, 1927....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045505]
L. s. Lawrence, 1927: 6 (Df).
L. s. Lotz, 2012: 31, f. 9I, 10I (removed f from S of L. spinulosa, contra Newlands, 1975: 144, Dm).

m smithi Simon, 1897....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002736]
L. smithii Simon, 1897f: 386 (Dm).
L. s. Lotz, 2012: 32, f. 9J (m).

mf sonora Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002737]
L. s. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 312, f. 165-168, 181-185 (Dmf).

mf spadicea Simon, 1907....................Peru, Bolivia, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002738]
L. s. Simon, 1907c: 247, f. 10 (Dm).
L. s. Gertsch, 1967a: 140, pl. 5, f. 8-11 (m, Df).
L. s. Brignoli, 1976a: 139, f. 4, 6, 8 (f).

mf speluncarum Simon, 1893....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002739]
L. s. Simon, 1893a: 273 (Df).
L. s. Simon, 1894b: 64 (Df).
L. s. Newlands, 1975: 146, f. 6 (Dm).
L. s. Lotz, 2012: 32, f. 9K, 10J (mf).

mf spinulosa Purcell, 1904....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002740]
L. s. Purcell, 1904: 140 (Df).
L. spiniceps Lawrence, 1952a: 187, f. 7 (Dmf).
L. s. Newlands, 1975: 144, f. 2-5, 8, 10-13 (f, Sm).
L. s. Lotz, 2012: 34, f. 9L, 10K (mf).

f surca Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002741]
L. s. Gertsch, 1967a: 157, pl. 8, f. 4, 6, 12 (Df).

mf taeniopalpis Simon, 1907....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002742]
L. taeniopalpus Simon, 1907c: 247, f. 1A (Dm).
L. t. Gertsch, 1967a: 164, pl. 10, f. 15, pl. 11, f. 4-6 (m, Df).

mf taino Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Bahama Is., Jamaica, Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002743]
L. t. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 346, f. 307-313 (Dmf).
L. t. Sánchez-Ruiz & Brescovit, 2013a: 221, f. 31-38, 43-44 (mf).

mf tehuana Gertsch, 1958....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002744]
L. t. Gertsch, 1958b: 26, f. 45-47, 97 (Dmf).
L. t. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 336, f. 277-280, 288-290 (mf).

mf tenango Gertsch, 1973....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002745]
L. t. Gertsch, 1973a: 161, f. 32-33 (Dmf).
L. t. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 327, f. 252-256, 273-276 (mf).

mf teresa Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002746]
L. t. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 321, f. 150-156 (Dmf).

f tlacolula Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002747]
L. t. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 322, f. 218-219 (Df).

mf valdosa Gertsch, 1973....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002748]
L. bolivari Gertsch, 1958b: 22, f. 77 (f, not m).
L. v. Gertsch, 1973a: 156, f. 39-41 (Dmf).
L. v. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 326, f. 232-235, 244-247 (mf).

mf variegata Simon, 1897....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002750]
L. variegatus Simon, 1897e: 5 (Dj).
L. v. Gertsch, 1967a: 137, pl. 3, f. 8-9, pl. 4, f. 5-6 (Dmf).
L. v. Brignoli, 1976a: 140, f. 7 (f).

f virgo Gertsch & Ennik, 1983....................Virgin Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002751]
L. v. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 342, f. 314-317 (Df).

mf vonwredei Newlands, 1980....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002752]
L. v. Newlands, 1980: 367, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
L. v. Lotz, 2012: 36, f. 9M, 10L (mf).

mf weyrauchi Gertsch, 1967....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002753]
L. w. Gertsch, 1967a: 154, pl. 8, f. 7-8, 11 (Dmf).

mf yucatana Chamberlin & Ivie, 1938....................Mexico, Belize, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002754]
L. y. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1938: 126, f. 3 (Dmf).
L. y. Gertsch, 1958b: 20, f. 33-35, 94 (mf).
L. y. Brignoli, 1976a: 137, f. 1 (f).
L. y. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 335, f. 18, 264-267, 281-285 (mf).

mf zapoteca Gertsch, 1958....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002755]
L. z. Gertsch, 1958b: 28, f. 36-38, 95 (Dmf).
L. z. Gertsch & Ennik, 1983: 319, f. 32-35, 48-51 (mf).