The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: TETRAGNATHIDAE

Gen. Meta C. L. Koch, 1836 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01386]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Auchicybaeus Gertsch, 1933 by Lehtinen, 1967: 217; the synonymy of Metellina Chamberlin & Ivie, 1941 by Wunderlich, 1987a: 129 has not been followed by subsequent workers and is not accepted here; not a senior synonym of Metabus O. P.-Cambridge, 1899 (Archer, 1951a: 5).

Transferred to other genera:
M. adjuntaensis Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Araneus under Araneidae.
M. aerea Hogg, 1896 -- see Nephila under Nephilidae.
M. alticola Berland, 1913 -- see Chrysometa.
M. antrorum Simon, 1907 -- see Metellina.
M. argentiopunctata Rainbow, 1916 -- see Mesida.
M. aurora Simon, 1901 -- see Allende.
M. berlandi Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Manogea under Araneidae.
M. blanda Bryant, 1945 -- see Araneus under Araneidae.
M. brasilica Soares & Camargo, 1948 -- see Manogea under Araneidae.
M. bryantae Brignoli, 1983 -- see Araneus under Araneidae.
M. chilensis Tullgren, 1902 -- see Allende.
M. cordillera Tullgren, 1902 -- see Allende.
M. curtisi (McCook, 1894) -- see Metellina.
M. davidi Schenkel, 1963 -- see Metleucauge.
M. dentipalpis Kroneberg, 1875 -- see Metleucauge.
M. digna (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869) -- see Leucauge.
M. echinata Tullgren, 1902 -- see Allende.
M. espiritosantensis Soares & Camargo, 1955 -- see Manogea under Araneidae.
M. explorans Chamberlin, 1916 -- see Chrysometa.
M. fuegiana Simon, 1902 -- see Metabus.
M. gravida (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899) -- see Metabus.
M. hotteiensis Bryant, 1945 -- see Araneus under Araneidae.
M. jayuyensis Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Chrysometa.
M. kirgisica Bakhvalov, 1974 -- see Metellina.
M. kompirensis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Metleucauge.
M. lepida Keyserling, 1882 -- see Chrysometa.
M. linguiformis Franganillo, 1930 -- see Chrysometa.
M. longipes (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Allende.
M. ludibunda (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Chrysometa.
M. melanicruciata Saito, 1939 -- see Enoplognatha under Theridiidae.
M. merianae (Scopoli, 1763) -- see Metellina.
M. minuta Keyserling, 1882 -- see Chrysometa.
M. monticola Keyserling, 1882 -- see Chrysometa.
M. nigrohumeralis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1883 -- see Allende.
M. nigrovittata Keyserling, 1865 -- see Chrysometa.
M. orientalis Spassky, 1932 -- see Metellina.
M. patagiata Simon, 1901 -- see Allende.
M. peckhami (McCook, 1894) -- see Metellina.
M. porteri Simon, 1898 -- see Allende.
M. raripila (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Chrysometa.
M. reticulata (Linnaeus, 1758) -- see Metellina.
M. reticulata mengei (Blackwall, 1869) -- see Metellina mengei.
M. satulla Keyserling, 1880 -- see Chrysometa.
M. sinensis Schenkel, 1953 -- see Metleucauge.
M. speciosissima Keyserling, 1881 -- see Leucauge.
M. torta Tullgren, 1902 -- see Allende.
M. unicolor Keyserling, 1881 -- see Chrysometa.
M. vena Dönitz & Strand, 1906 -- see Metleucauge.
M. yunohamensis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Metleucauge.

In synonymy:
M. americana Marusik & Koponen, 1992 = M. ovalis (Gertsch, 1933) (Dondale, 1995: 125).
M. canariensis Schmidt, 1975 = M. minima Denis, 1953 (Wunderlich, 1987a: 132).
M. milleri Kratochvíl, 1942 = M. bourneti Simon, 1922 (Wunderlich, 2011: 209).
M. ramblae Schmidt, 1975 = M. minima Denis, 1953 (Wunderlich, 1987a: 132).

Nomina dubia:
M. albisparsa Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 332 (m, Argentina) -- Levi, 1986a: 106.
M. nigra Franganillo, 1920: 140 (f, Portugal) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013888] -- Wunderlich, 2011: 209.
M. preciosissima (Keyserling, 1893: 367, pl. 19, f. 274, f, Guatemala, originally in Argyroepeira) -- Levi, 1986a: 106.
M. voluptabilis (Keyserling, 1893: 356, pl. 18, f. 263, m, Brazil, originally in Argyroepeira) -- Levi, 1986a: 106.

f abdomenalis Patel & Reddy, 1993....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037054]
M. a. Patel & Reddy, 1993a: 1, f. 1a-d (Df).

mf barreti Kulczyn'ski, 1899....................Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013868]
M. b. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 389, pl. 8, f. 79 (Dj).
M. b. Schenkel, 1938a: 29, f. 10 (Df).
M. barretti Wunderlich, 1992a: 362, f. 327-329 (f, Dm; N.B.: may belong to Metellina, see Wunderlich, 2008a: 94).

m baywanga Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013869]
M. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 525, f. 323a-g (Dm; N.B.: may belong to the Linyphiidae, see Wunderlich, 2008a: 94).

f birmanica Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013870]
M. b. Thorell, 1898: 333 (Df).

mf bourneti Simon, 1922....................Europe to Georgia, North Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013871]
M. b. Simon, 1922: 199 (Dmf).
M. b. Simon, 1929: 657, 752, f. 1011-1012 (mf).
M. b. Kratochvíl, 1942: 111, f. I.2 (f).
M. milleri Kratochvíl, 1942: 111, f. I.1, II.1-3 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013882].
M. b. Browning & Tams, 1944: 94, f. 1-2, 4 (mf).
M. b. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 119, f. 78A, D (mf).
M. b. Levi, 1980a: 43, f. 128-131 (mf).
M. b. Roberts, 1985: 202, f. 90e, 91e (mf).
M. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 62, f. 137 (mf).
M. b. Roberts, 1995: 310, f. (mf).
M. b. Bellmann, 1997: 100, f. (f).
M. b. Roberts, 1998: 323, f. (mf).
M. b. Trotta, 2005: 174, f. 435, 437 (mf).
M. b. Wunderlich, 2011: 206, f. 4a-b (mf, S, after Brignoli, 1983c: 229).
M. b. Isaia et al., 2011: 144, f. 2.75A-B. 2.76-77 (mf).

mf dolloff Levi, 1980....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013872]
M. d. Levi, 1980a: 43, f. 132-135 (Dmf).

m gertschi Lessert, 1938....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013873]
M. g. Lessert, 1938: 437, f. 18-19 (Dm).

mf japonica Tanikawa, 1993....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013874]
M. menardi Yaginuma, 1986a: 124, f. 66 (mf, misidentified).
M. menardi Chikuni, 1989b: 88, f. 84 (mf, misidentified).
M. j. Tanikawa, 1993b: 98, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
M. j. Tanikawa, 2007c: 97, f. 322, 776-777 (mf).
M. j. Tanikawa, 2009: 406, f. 13-14 (mf).

mf longipalpis Pavesi, 1883....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013875]
M. l. Pavesi, 1883: 19 (Dmf).

f maculata (Blackwall, 1865)....................Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013876]
Tetragnatha m. Blackwall, 1865a: 99 (Df).
M. m. Simon, 1883: 310.

mf manchurica Marusik & Koponen, 1992....................Russia, Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013877]
M. menardi Paik, Yaginuma & Namkung, 1969: 823, f. 50-51 (f, misidentified).
M. m. Marusik & Koponen, 1992: 138, f. 5-9, 15 (Dmf).
M. m. Namkung, 2002: 228, f. 18.15a-d (mf).
M. m. Namkung, 2003: 230, f. 18.15a-d (mf).
M. m. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 235, f. 34.22-23 (mf).

mf menardi (Latreille, 1804) *....................Europe to Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013879]
Aranea menardii Latreille, 1804a: 266 (Df).
Aranea novem-maculata Martini & Goeze, in Lister, 1778: 293 (D).
Aranea novemmaculata Panzer, 1804b: 148, pl. 158, f. 6.
Epeira m. Latreille, 1806: 108.
M. fusca C. L. Koch, 1841a: 118, f. 685-687 (mf, misidentified).
M. m. Thorell, 1856: 98.
M. m. Westring, 1861: 78 (m).
Epeira fusca Blackwall, 1864a: 349, pl. 26, f. 252 (mf).
M. m. Thorell, 1870a: 38.
M. m. Hansen, 1882: 25, pl. 2, f. 2 (mf).
M. m. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 139, pl. 6, f. 3 (mf).
M. m. McCook, 1894: 246, pl. 22, f. 4-5 (mf).
M. m. Keyserling, 1893: 313, pl. 16, f. 231 (mf).
M. m. Simon, 1894a: 735, f. 810 (m).
M. m. Becker, 1896: 60, pl. 12, f. 1 (mf).
M. m. Bösenberg, 1901: 47, pl. 3, f. 37 (mf).
M. m. Reimoser, 1929c: 62, f. 7 (mf).
M. m. Simon, 1929: 656, 751, f. 1009-1010 (mf).
M. m. Wiehle, 1931: 128, f. 4c, 5b, 205-209 (mf).
M. m. Komatsu, 1942b: 65, f. 7 (f).
M. m. Drensky, 1943: 247, f. 31 (mf).
M. m. Browning & Tams, 1944: 94, f. 3 (mf).
M. m. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 119, f. 78B-C (mf).
M. m. Komatsu, 1961a: 29, f. 18A-D (f).
M. m. Miller, 1971: 202, pl. XXXVII, f. 8-9 (mf).
M. m. Loksa, 1972: 72, f. 58B, 61C-D (mf).
M. m. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 61, f. 36B (m).
M. m. Roberts, 1985: 202, f. 90d, 91d (mf).
M. m. Coddington, 1990: 16, f. 54 (m).
M. m. Heimer, 1990: 119, f. 30-31 (mf).
M. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 62, f. 136 (mf).
M. m. Marusik & Koponen, 1992: 140, f. 10-13, 16 (mf).
M. m. Terhivuo, 1993: 55, f. 1h (f).
M. m. Roberts, 1995: 309, f. (mf).
M. m. Hormiga, Eberhard & Coddington, 1995: 337, f. 13F-G (m).
M. m. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 374, f. 11 (m).
M. m. Bellmann, 1997: 100, f. (f).
M. m. Roberts, 1998: 323, f. (mf).
M. m. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 53, f. 8, 33, 55 (mf).
M. m. Trotta, 2005: 174, f. 426, 434, 436 (m).
M. m. Almquist, 2005: 111, f. 131a-g (mf).
M. m. Jäger, 2006d: 3, f. 1-3a-b (m).
M. m. Álvarez-Padilla et al., 2009: 140, f. 11b-c, 12a (mf).
M. m. Wunderlich, 2011: 206, f. 3a-b (mf).
M. m. Isaia et al., 2011: 146, f. 2.80A-B. 2.81-82 (mf).
M. m. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 773, f. 56A-F, 57A-F, 58A-F, 59A-F, 60A-C (mf).

f merianopsis Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013880]
M. m. Tullgren, 1910: 151, pl. 3, f. 75 (Df).

f meruensis Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013881]
M. m. Tullgren, 1910: 151, pl. 3, f. 74 (Df).

mf minima Denis, 1953....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013883]
M. obscura m. Denis, 1953a: 6, f. 4 (Df).
M. m. Denis, 1962a: 82 (elevated from subspecies).
M. canariensis Schmidt, 1975a: 226, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
M. ramblae Schmidt, 1975a: 227, f. 8-9 (Df).
M. m. Wunderlich, 1987a: 132 (Sm).
M. m. Wunderlich, 1992a: 363, f. 330-332 (mf).
M. m. Wunderlich, 2008a: 95, f. 17 (m; N.B.: may belong to Metellina, per Wunderlich).

f mixta O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013884]
M. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 43 (Df).

f monogrammata Butler, 1876....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013885]
M. m. Butler, 1876a: 352, pl. 10, f. 3 (Df).

f montana Hogg, 1919....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013886]
M. m. Hogg, 1919: 87, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).

j nebulosa Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013887]
M. n. Schenkel, 1936b: 97, f. 34 (Dj).

mf nigridorsalis Tanikawa, 1994....................China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013889]
M. n. Tanikawa, 1994b: 66, f. 1-10 (Dmf).
M. n. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 63, f. 26A-F, 27A-H, pl. IIIA-D (mf).
M. n. Tanikawa, 2007c: 97, f. 323-324, 778-779 (mf).
M. n. Tanikawa, 2009: 407, f. 15-16 (mf).

f obscura Kulczyn'ski, 1899....................Canary Is., Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013890]
M. merianae o. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 389 (Df).
M. o. Denis, 1953c: 4, f. 4 (f, elevated from subspecies of M. merianae, considered "a dubious taxon" by Wunderlich, 2011: 209).

mf ovalis (Gertsch, 1933)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013891]
M. menardi Emerton, 1884: 328, pl. 34, f. 18, pl. 37, f. 33 (mf, misidentified).
M. menardi Emerton, 1902: 190, f. 443-445 (mf, misidentified).
Auchicybaeus o. Gertsch, 1933c: 11, f. 15 (Df).
M. menardi Kaston, 1948: 223, f. 700-703 (m, misidentified).
M. menardi Lehtinen, 1967: 217 (S, rejected).
M. menardi Levi, 1980a: 42, f. 112-127 (mf, misidentified).
M. americana Marusik & Koponen, 1992: 138, f. 1-4, 14 (Dmf).
M. americana Hormiga, Eberhard & Coddington, 1995: 324, f. 6A-C (m).
M. o. Dondale, 1995: 125 (removed from S of M. menardi, contra Lehtinen, 1967, S).
M. americana Griswold et al., 1998: 61, f. 10C (m).
M. o. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 206, f. 2292-2294 (mf).
M. o. Dondale et al., 2003: 116, f. 255-263 (mf).
M. o. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 177, f. 19E-I (mf).
M. o. Breuss, 2009: 306, f. 18-20 (m).

mf qianshanensis Zhu & Zhu, 1983....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013893]
M. q. Zhu & Zhu, 1983b: 139, f. a-f (Dmf).
M. q. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 216, f. 123H-I, L-M (mf).
M. q. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 65, f. 28A-F (mf).
M. q. Wunderlich, 2008a: 98, f. 20-21 (m).

mf reticuloides Yaginuma, 1958....................Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013894]
M. r. Yaginuma, 1958a: 26, f. 1-12 (Dmf).
M. r. Yaginuma, 1960: 69, f. 65 (mf).
M. r. Yaginuma, 1971: 69, f. 65 (mf).
M. r. Yaginuma, 1986a: 124, f. 66.3 (mf).
M. r. Chikuni, 1989b: 89, f. 85 (mf).
M. r. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 54, f. 9, 34, 56 (mf).
M. r. Namkung, 2002: 229, f. 18.16a-b (mf).
M. r. Namkung, 2003: 231, f. 18.16a-b (mf).
M. r. Tanikawa, 2007c: 97, f. 325-327, 780-781 (mf N.B.: may belong to Metellina, see Wunderlich, 2008a: 94).
M. r. Tanikawa, 2009: 407, f. 17-18 (mf).

mf rufolineata (Urquhart, 1889)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013895]
Linyphia rufo-lineata Urquhart, 1889a: 137 (Dmf).
Landana lautiuscula Dalmas, 1917a: 372, f. 40-43 (Dmf).
M. r. Bryant, 1933b: 21.

f serrana Franganillo, 1930....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013896]
M. s. Franganillo, 1930: 20 (Df).

mf shenae Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038591]
M. s. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 67, f. 29A-D (Dm).
M. s. Zhao, Yin & Peng, 2009: 19, f. 9-11 (Df).

f simlaensis Tikader, 1982....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013897]
M. s. Tikader, 1982a: 91, f. 179-182 (Df).

mf stridulans Wunderlich, 1987....................Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013899]
M. s. Wunderlich, 1987a: 130, f. 353-359 (Dmf).

mf tiniktirika Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013900]
M. t. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 526, f. 324a-d. 325a-f, 326a-d (Dmf N.B.: may belong to the Linyphiidae, see Wunderlich, 2008a: 94).

f trivittata Keyserling, 1887....................New South Wales, Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013901]
M. t. Keyserling, 1887a: 213, pl. 19, f. 4 (Df).

m turbatrix Keyserling, 1887....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013902]
M. t. Keyserling, 1887a: 212, pl. 19, f. 3 (Dm).

mf vacillans Butler, 1876....................Rodriguez [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013903]
M. v. Butler, 1876b: 441 (Dmf).
M. v. Butler, 1878a: 503, pl. 52, f. 4 (mf).

mf villiersi Denis, 1955....................Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013904]
M. v. Denis, 1955c: 1031, f. 8-1O (Dmf).