The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THOMISIDAE

Gen. Monaeses Thorell, 1869 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02703]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Rhynchognatha Thorell, 1887 by Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 101, contra Crome, 1962: 167, and of Mecostrabus Simon, 1903 by Ono, 1985b: 92.

In synonymy:
M. debilispina Lawrence, 1928 = M. griseus Pavesi, 1897 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 112).
M. magnus Millot, 1942 = M. austrinus Simon, 1910 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 110).
M. nigeriensis Millot, 1942 = M. paradoxus (Lucas, 1846) (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 107).
M. paradoxus albidus Simon, 1906 = M. paradoxus (Lucas, 1846) (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 107).
M. voltaensis Millot, 1942 = M. austrinus Simon, 1910 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 110).

mf aciculus (Simon, 1903)....................Nepal to Japan, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030746]
Mecostrabus a. Simon, 1903g: 727 (Df).
M. a. Ono, 1985b: 93, f. 1-8 (f, Dm).
M. acciculus Tang & Song, 1988b: 14, f. 2I-J (f).
M. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 143, f. 23 (mf).
M. a. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 880, f. 52A-B (f).
M. a. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 220, f. 126a-d (m).
M. a. Song & Zhu, 1997: 59, f. 35A-H (mf).
M. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 483, f. 275B, 279P, 280H (mf).
M. a. Ono, 2009a: 510, f. 119-123 (mf).
M. a. Yin et al., 2012: 1290, f. 694a-e (mf).

m attenuatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1899....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030747]
M. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899b: 529, pl. 30, f. 11 (Dm).
Rhynchognatha attenuata Crome, 1962: 168 (Tm from Monaeses).

mf austrinus Simon, 1910....................West, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030748]
M. a. Simon, 1910b: 194 (Df).
M. magnus Millot, 1942: 27, f. 12K (Df).
M. voltaensis Millot, 1942: 28, f. 12I-J (Df).
M. a. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 110, f. 7a-e (mf, S).

f brevicaudatus L. Koch, 1874....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030749]
M. b. L. Koch, 1874a: 526, pl. 40, f. 3 (Df).

mf caudatus Tang & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030750]
M. c. Tang & Song, 1988a: 245, f. 1-3 (Df).
M. c. Chen & Zhang, 1995: 140, f. 1-2 (Dm).
M. c. Song & Zhu, 1997: 59, f. 36A-E (mf).
M. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 483, f. 275C, 280A, I (mf).

j cinerascens (Thorell, 1887)....................Sri Lanka, Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030751]
Rhynchognatha c. Thorell, 1887: 285 (Dj).
M. c. Simon, 1895a: 993.
Rhynchognatha c. Crome, 1962: 168 (Tj from Monaeses).

mf fasciculiger Jézéquel, 1964....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030752]
M. fasciculigera Jézéquel, 1964c: 1116, f. 15-16 (Dmf).
M. fasciculigerus Brignoli, 1983c: 612.

mf fuscus Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030753]
M. f. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 109, f. 1c, 6a-c (Dmf).

mf gibbus Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030754]
M. g. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 105, f. 4a-g (Dmf).

m greeni O. P.-Cambridge, 1899....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030755]
M. g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899b: 530, pl. 30, f. 12 (Dm).
Rhynchognatha g. Crome, 1962: 168 (Tm from Monaeses).

mf griseus Pavesi, 1897....................Ethiopia to South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030756]
M. g. Pavesi, 1897b: 173 (Df).
M. debilispina Lawrence, 1928: 245, pl. 22, f. 28 (Df).
M. g. Millot, 1942: 23, f. 12A-D (Dm).
M. g. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 112, f. 9a-d (m, Sf).

m guineensis Millot, 1942....................Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030757]
M. g. Millot, 1942: 26, f. 13 (Dm).

mf habamatinikus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030758]
M. h. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 218, f. 125a-q (Dmf).

mf israeliensis Levy, 1973....................Greece, Turkey, Israel, Lebanon, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030759]
M. i. Levy, 1973: 111, f. 8-11 (Dmf).
M. i. Levy, 1985b: 20, f. 15-18 (mf).
M. i. Bayram et al., 2007a: 132, f. 3A-D (m).

mf jabalpurensis Gajbe & Rane, 1992....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030760]
M. j. Gajbe & Rane, 1992: 395, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
M. j. Gajbe, 2007: 449, f. 54-58 (mf).

m lucasi (Taczanowski, 1872)....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030761]
Monastes lucasii Taczanowski, 1872: 81, pl. 4, f. 5 (Dm).
Rhynchognatha l. Crome, 1962: 168 (Tm from Monaeses).

f mukundi Tikader, 1980....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030762]
M. m. Tikader, 1980a: 145, f. 205-207 (Df).

j nigritus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030763]
M. n. Simon, 1909e: 128 (Dj).
Rhynchognatha nigrita Crome, 1962: 168 (Tj from Monaeses).

f pachpediensis (Tikader, 1980)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030764]
Tmarus p. Tikader, 1980a: 149, f. 211-213 (Df).
M. p. Ono, 1988c: 68 (Tf from Tmarus).

mf paradoxus (Lucas, 1846) *....................Europe to Azerbaijan, Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030765]
Monastes p. Lucas, 1846: 193, pl. 11, f. 1 (Dmf).
Thomisus p. Simon, 1866b: 286.
M. p. Thorell, 1870b: 182.
M. caudicula Simon, 1884j: 324 (Dj).
M. caudicula Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 102, pl. 4, f. 12 (Dmf).
M. p. Simon, 1895a: 995.
M. p. albidus Simon, 1906a: 1165 (D).
M. p. Strand, 1915c: 147.
M. p. Simon, 1932: 782, 866, f. 1126-1129 (mf).
M. nigeriensis Millot, 1942: 25, f. 12E-H (Dm).
M. p. Levy, 1973: 113, f. 12-14 (mf).
M. p. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 107, f. 5a-i (mf, S).

f parvati Tikader, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030766]
M. p. Tikader, 1963e: 249, f. 1a-c (Df).
M. p. Tikader, 1971a: 57, f. 16C-E (f).
M. p. Tikader, 1980a: 144, f. 202-204 (f).

mf pustulosus Pavesi, 1895....................Ethiopia to South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030767]
M. p. Pavesi, 1895a: 513 (Df).
Tmarus p. Simon, 1901d: 22.
M. p. Lessert, 1915a: 35, pl. 2, f. 51 (f).
M. p. Lessert, 1919: 113, f. 9, pl. 2, f. 38 (Dm).
M. p. Millot, 1942: 22, f. 11 (mf).
M. p. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 112, f. 8a-g (mf).

mf quadrituberculatus Lawrence, 1927....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030768]
M. q. Lawrence, 1927: 33, pl. 1, f. 21, pl. 3, f. 64 (Dmf).
M. q. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1984: 105, f. 3a-e (m, Df).

j reticulatus (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030769]
Mecostrabus r. Simon, 1909e: 127 (Dj).

m tuberculatus (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030770]
Rhynchognatha tuberculata Thorell, 1895: 296 (Dm).
Rhynchognatha tuberculata Crome, 1962: 168 (Tm from Monaeses).

f xiphosurus Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030771]
M. xiphosura Simon, 1907d: 313 (Df).
M. x. Roewer, 1955c: 812.

j xyphoides L. Koch, 1874....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030772]
M. x. L. Koch, 1874a: 525, pl. 40, f. 2 (Dj).