The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Ocrepeira Marx, 1883 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01533]

N.B.: implicitly revalidated by Levi, 1992a: 254, explicitly removed from the synonymy of Wixia O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (along with its junior synonym Amamra O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) by Levi, 1993b: 64.

In synonymy:
O. albisecta (Mello-Leitão, 1936, T from Molinaranea) = O. venustula (Keyserling, 1880) (Levi, 2001: 472).
O. bicornuta (Mello-Leitão, 1949, T from Wixia) = O. bispinosa (Mello-Leitão, 1945) (Levi, 1993b: 106).
O. bituberosa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Wixia) = O. rufa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1993b: 78).
O. bryanti (Archer, 1951, T from Wixia) = O. globosa (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) (Levi, 1976: 382, sub Wixia).
O. clivosa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898, T from Wixia) = O. rufa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1993b: 78).
O. consequa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Wixia) = O. rufa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1993b: 78).
O. gibbifera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894, T from Wixia) = O. rufa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1993b: 78).
O. hentziana (Archer, 1951, T from Wixia) = O. ectypa (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1976: 380, sub Wixia).
O. marginata (Mello-Leitão, 1942, T from Eustala) = O. hirsuta (Mello-Leitão, 1942) (Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 246, sub Eustala).
O. pujalsi (Archer, 1958, T from Wixia) = O. serrallesi (Bryant, 1947) (Levi, 1993b: 82).
O. sicula (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904, T from Wixia) = O. subrufa (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) (Levi, 1993b: 76).
O. trigonellus (Caporiacco, 1954, T from Wixia) = O. albopunctata (Taczanowski, 1879) (Levi, 1993b: 131).
O. vaurieorum (Archer, 1965, T from Wixia) = O. serrallesi (Bryant, 1947) (Levi, 1993b: 82).
O. vulcani (Kraus, 1955, T from Wixia) = O. subrufa (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) (Levi, 1993b: 76).

Nomen dubium:
O. turrigera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 251, pl. 31, f. 6, j, Mexico, T from Wixia) -- Levi, 1993b: 78.

mf abiseo Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016787]
O. a. Levi, 1993b: 121, f. 315-321 (Dmf).

mf albopunctata (Taczanowski, 1879)....................Peru, Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016788]
Tricantha a. Taczanowski, 1879: 123, pl. 2, f. 36 (Dmf).
Araneus albopunctatus Simon, 1895a: 817.
Araneus trigonellus Caporiacco, 1954: 107, f. 26, 26a (Df).
Wixia trigonellus Levi, 1991a: 178 (Tf from Araneus).
Wixia a. Levi, 1991a: 180 (Tmf from Araneus).
O. a. Levi, 1993b: 131, f. 372-379 (Tmf from Wixia, S).
O. a. Dierkens, 2012a: 30, f. 21, 31 (m).

mf anta Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016789]
O. a. Levi, 1993b: 112, f. 257-263 (Dmf).

m aragua Levi, 1993....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016790]
O. a. Levi, 1993b: 126, f. 345-347 (Dm).

mf arturi Levi, 1993....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016791]
O. a. Levi, 1993b: 86, f. 101-107 (Dmf).

f atuncela Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016792]
O. a. Levi, 1993b: 112, f. 253-256 (Df).

f barbara Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016793]
O. b. Levi, 1993b: 113, f. 264-268 (Df).

mf bispinosa (Mello-Leitão, 1945)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016794]
Carepalxis bispinosus Mello-Leitão, 1945c: 173 (Df).
Wixia bicornuta Mello-Leitão, 1949: 10, f. 11 (Df).
Carepalxis b. Brignoli, 1983c: 264.
O. b. Levi, 1992a: 254 (Tf from Carepalxis).
O. b. Levi, 1993b: 106, f. 218-223 (f, Dm, S).

f branta Levi, 1993....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016795]
O. b. Levi, 1993b: 81, f. 71-74 (Df).

mf camaca Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016796]
O. c. Levi, 1993b: 85, f. 94-100 (Dmf).

m comaina Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016797]
O. c. Levi, 1993b: 130, f. 367-368 (Dm).

mf covillei Levi, 1993....................Costa Rica, Trinidad to Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016798]
O. c. Levi, 1993b: 135, f. 392-402 (Dmf).
O. c. Levi, 2002: 557, f. 295 (m).
O. c. Dierkens, 2014b: 23, f. 23, 36 (m).

mf cuy Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016799]
O. c. Levi, 1993b: 120, f. 308-314 (Dmf).

m darlingtoni (Bryant, 1945)....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016800]
Parawixia d. Bryant, 1945a: 382, f. 14, 16, 21 (Dmf).
Parawixia d. Levi, 1991a: 307 (Bryant's f = Aculepeira visite).
Wixia d. Levi, 1992b: 8 (Tm from Parawixia).
O. d. Levi, 1993b: 124, f. 329-333 (Tm from Wixia).

f duocypha (Chamberlin, 1916)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016801]
Araneus d. Chamberlin, 1916: 256, pl. 18, f. 8-10 (Df).
O. d. Levi, 1993b: 129, f. 360-363 (Tf from Araneus).

mf ectypa (Walckenaer, 1841) *....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016802]
Epeira e. Walckenaer, 1841: 129 (Dmf).
Epeira infumata Hentz, 1850: 19, pl. 3, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira e. Keyserling, 1864: 135, pl. 6, f. 13-16 (mf).
O. e. Marx, 1883: 22.
Epeira infumata Emerton, 1884: 319, pl. 37, f. 11-13 (f).
Wixia e. Keyserling, 1892: 46, pl. 2, f. 38 (mf).
Wixia e. McCook, 1894: 205, pl. 13, f. 4-5 (mf).
Vixia infumata Banks, 1898b: 256.
Araneus ectypus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 290.
Wixia anaglyphe Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 115 (S, rejected).
Wixia hentziana Archer, 1951a: 16, f. 48, 52 (Df).
Wixia anaglyphe Archer, 1951a: 17, f. 49, 54 (f).
Wixia e. Levi, 1976: 380, f. 88-100, 110, 113, 123 (mf, S).
O. e. Levi, 1993b: 56 (Tmf from Wixia).

mf fiebrigi (Dahl, 1906)....................Brazil, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016803]
Aranea f. Dahl, 1906a: 735 (Dmf).
Wixia f. Levi, 1991a: 177 (Tmf from Araneus).
O. f. Levi, 1993b: 102, f. 192-199 (Tmf from Wixia).

mf galianoae Levi, 1993....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016804]
O. g. Levi, 1993b: 100, f. 186-191 (Dmf).

mf georgia (Levi, 1976)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016805]
Wixia g. Levi, 1976: 382, f. 101-109, 111, 114, 124 (Dmf).
O. g. Levi, 1993b: 56 (Tmf from Wixia).

mf gima Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016806]
O. g. Levi, 1993b: 104, f. 205-211 (Dmf).

f globosa (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016807]
Wixia g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 486, pl. 46, f. 4 (Df).
Araneus globosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 294.
Wixia bryanti Archer, 1951a: 16, f. 33 (Df).
Wixia g. Levi, 1976: 382, f. 112, 115-120, 125 (f only).
O. g. Levi, 1993b: 75, f. 36-40 (Tf from Wixia; not m, =O. rufa).

mf gnomo (Mello-Leitão, 1943)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016808]
Wixia g. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 195, f. 25 (Dj).
O. g. Levi, 1993b: 108, f. 224-231 (Tj from Wixia, Dmf).

mf gulielmi Levi, 1993....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016809]
O. g. Levi, 1993b: 109, f. 236-242 (Dmf).

m heredia Levi, 1993....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016810]
O. h. Levi, 1993b: 130, f. 369-371 (Dm).

mf herrera Levi, 1993....................Colombia, Ecuador, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016811]
O. h. Levi, 1993b: 134, f. 387-391 (Dmf).

mf hirsuta (Mello-Leitão, 1942)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016812]
Eustala h. Mello-Leitão, 1942b: 400, f. 16-18 (Dm).
Eustala marginata Mello-Leitão, 1942b: 401, f. 19-20 (Df).
Eustala h. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 246 (Sf).
O. h. Levi, 1993b: 89, f. 119-125 (Tmf from Eustala).

f hondura Levi, 1993....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016813]
O. h. Levi, 1993b: 90, f. 126-130 (Df).

f incerta (Bryant, 1936)....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016814]
Wixia i. Bryant, 1936b: 328, pl. 23, f. 6, 8 (Df).
O. i. Levi, 1993b: 88, f. 114-118 (Tf from Wixia).

f ituango Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016815]
O. i. Levi, 1993b: 118, f. 297-301 (Df).

m jacara Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016816]
O. j. Levi, 1993b: 129, f. 364-366 (Dm).

m jamora Levi, 1993....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016817]
O. j. Levi, 1993b: 116, f. 284-286 (Dm).

mf klossi Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016818]
O. k. Levi, 1993b: 90, f. 131-136 (Dmf).

f lapeza Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016819]
O. l. Levi, 1993b: 125, f. 340-344 (Df).

f lisei Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016820]
O. l. Levi, 1993b: 109, f. 232-235 (Df).

mf lurida (Mello-Leitão, 1943)....................Bolivia, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016821]
Wixia l. Mello-Leitão, 1943c: 106, f. 6 (Df).
O. l. Levi, 1993b: 96, f. 160-166 (Tf from Wixia, Dm).
O. l. Levi, 2002: 541, f. 116-118 (f).

f macaiba Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016822]
O. m. Levi, 1993b: 112, f. 249-252 (Df).

m macintyrei Levi, 1993....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016823]
O. m. Levi, 1993b: 113, f. 269-271 (Dm).

mf magdalena Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016824]
O. m. Levi, 1993b: 124, f. 334-339 (Dmf).

mf malleri Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016825]
O. m. Levi, 1993b: 100, f. 180-185 (Dmf).

m maltana Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016826]
O. m. Levi, 1993b: 105, f. 216-217 (Dm).

mf maraca Levi, 1993....................Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016827]
O. m. Levi, 1993b: 126, f. 348-353 (Dmf).

m maroni Dierkens, 2014....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046666]
O. m. Dierkens, 2014b: 24, f. 24-26, 37 (Dm).

mf mastophoroides (Mello-Leitão, 1942)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016828]
Parawixia m. Mello-Leitão, 1942b: 402, f. 23-24 (Df).
Wixia m. Levi, 1992b: 8 (Tj from Parawixia).
O. m. Levi, 1993b: 92, f. 137-142 (Tj from Wixia, Dmf).

mf molle Levi, 1993....................Bolivia, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016829]
O. m. Levi, 1993b: 104, f. 200-204 (Dmf).

m pedregal Levi, 1993....................Mexico, Nicaragua [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016830]
O. p. Levi, 1993b: 86, f. 108-110 (Dm).

f pinhal Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016831]
O. p. Levi, 1993b: 105, f. 212-215 (Df).

m pista Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016832]
O. p. Levi, 1993b: 117, f. 287-289 (Dm).

mf planada Levi, 1993....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016833]
O. p. Levi, 1993b: 117, f. 290-296 (Dmf).

m potosi Levi, 1993....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016834]
O. p. Levi, 1993b: 81, f. 75-77 (Dm).

mf redempta (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936)....................USA to Honduras [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016835]
Aranea r. Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 18, f. 39 (Df).
Neoscona r. Berman & Levi, 1971: 499, f. 121-124 (Tf from Araneus).
O. r. Levi, 1993a: 224 (Tf from Neoscona).
O. r. Levi, 1993b: 84, f. 88-93 (f, Dm).

m redondo Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016836]
O. r. Levi, 1993b: 96, f. 157-159 (Dm).

mf rufa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016837]
Epeira r. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 35, pl. 6, f. 18 (Df).
Epeira consequa O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 36 (Df).
Epeira destricta O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 39, pl. 4, f. 14 (Dj, not m).
Amamra bituberosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 55, pl. 3, f. 11 (Df).
Amamra bituberosa Keyserling, 1892: 45, pl. 2, f. 37 (f).
Epeira r. Keyserling, 1892: 120, pl. 6, f. 88 (f).
Amamra gibbifera O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 137, pl. 18, f. 10 (Df).
Araneus gibbifer Simon, 1897d: 874.
Amamra clivosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 270, pl. 36, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Wixia bituberosa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 485.
Wixia gibbifera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 485, pl. 46, f. 1 (f).
Wixia clivosa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 485, pl. 46, f. 2-3 (mf).
Wixia r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 486, pl. 46, f. 5 (f).
Aranea consequa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 518.
Araneus bituberosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 283.
Araneus clivosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 285.
Araneus consequus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 286.
Araneus rufus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
Wixia globosa Levi, 1976: 382, f. 121-122 (m only, misidentified, S).
Wixia consequa Levi, 1991a: 179 (Tf from Araneus).
O. r. Levi, 1993b: 78, f. 48-70 (Tf from Wixia, Sm).

mf saladito Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016838]
O. s. Levi, 1993b: 120, f. 302-307 (Dmf).

mf serrallesi (Bryant, 1947)....................West Indies [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016839]
Wixia s. Bryant, 1947a: 90, f. 2-3 (Dmf).
Wixia pujalsi Archer, 1958: 14, f. 31-32 (Df).
Wixia vaurieorum Archer, 1965b: 131, f. 1O (Df).
O. s. Levi, 1993b: 82, f. 34-35, 78-87 (Tmf from Wixia, S).

f sorota Levi, 1993....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016840]
O. s. Levi, 1993b: 137, f. 403-406 (Df).

mf steineri Levi, 1993....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016841]
O. s. Levi, 1993b: 110, f. 243-248 (Dmf).

mf subrufa (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904)....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016842]
Wixia s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 486, pl. 46, f. 6 (Df).
Wixia sicula F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 487, pl. 46, f. 8 (Dm).
Araneus siculus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 315.
Araneus subrufus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 318.
Wixia vulcani Kraus, 1955b: 25, f. 72-74 (Df).
O. s. Levi, 1993b: 75, f. 41-47 (Tf from Wixia, Sm).

mf tinajillas Levi, 1993....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016843]
O. t. Levi, 1993b: 122, f. 322-328 (Dmf).

mf tumida (Keyserling, 1865)....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016844]
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1865: 808, pl. 18, f. 6-8 (Df).
Wixia t. Keyserling, 1892: 48, pl. 2, f. 39 (f).
Araneus tumidus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 321.
O. t. Levi, 1993b: 99, f. 174-179 (Tf from Wixia, Dm).

mf tungurahua Levi, 1993....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016845]
O. t. Levi, 1993b: 114, f. 272-277 (Dmf).

mf valderramai Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016846]
O. v. Levi, 1993b: 116, f. 278-283 (Dmf).

mf venustula (Keyserling, 1879)....................Colombia to Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016847]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1879: 308, pl. 4, f. 11 (Df).
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1892: 128, pl. 6, f. 95 (f, Dm).
Araneus venustulus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323.
Araneus albisectus Mello-Leitão, 1936d: 127, pl. 15 (Df).
Parawixia v. Mello-Leitão, 1940b: 38 (Tmf from Araneus).
Molinaranea albisecta Levi, 1991a: 177 (Tf from Araneus).
Wixia v. Levi, 1991a: 180 (Tmf from Parawixia).
O. v. Levi, 1993b: 94, f. 27-33, 143-154 (Tmf from Wixia).
O. v. Levi, 2001: 472, f. 119-123 (mf, S).

m verecunda (Keyserling, 1865)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016848]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1865: 824, pl. 19, f. 14-16 (Dm).
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1892: 127, pl. 6, f. 94 (f, Df).
Araneus verecundus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 324.
O. v. Levi, 1993b: 95, f. 155-156 (Tm from Araneus).

mf viejo Levi, 1993....................Costa Rica to Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016849]
O. v. Levi, 1993b: 132, f. 380-386 (Dmf).

mf willisi Levi, 1993....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016850]
O. w. Levi, 1993b: 98, f. 167-173 (Dmf).

mf yaelae Levi, 1993....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016851]
O. y. Levi, 1993b: 128, f. 354-359 (Dmf).

m yucatan Levi, 1993....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016852]
O. y. Levi, 1993b: 88, f. 111-113 (Dm).