The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: TETRAGNATHIDAE

Gen. Pachygnatha Sundevall, 1823 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01401]

In synonymy:
P. kuratai Levi, 1951 = P. dorothea McCook, 1894 (Levi, 1980a: 56).
P. nipponica (Kishida, 1936, T from Glenognatha) = P. quadrimaculata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 220, sub Dyschiriognatha).
P. sewardi Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947 = P. clercki Sundevall, 1823 (Levi, 1980a: 59).
P. yiliensis (Hu & Wu, 1985, T from Dyschiriognatha) = P. degeeri Sundevall, 1830 (Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 94).

mf africana Strand, 1906....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014019]
P. a. Strand, 1906b: 616 (Dm).
P. a. Strand, 1908l: 29 (Df).

m amurensis Strand, 1907....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014020]
P. a. Strand, 1907k: 147 (Dm).

mf atromarginata Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014021]
P. a. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 340, f. 100-111 (Dmf).

mf autumnalis Marx, 1884....................USA, Canada, Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014022]
P. a. Marx, in Keyserling, 1884b: 660, pl. 21, f. 10 (Dm).
P. a. Emerton, 1884: 337, pl. 34, f. 22, pl. 40, f, 9 (m, Df).
P. a. McCook, 1894: 268, pl. 26, f. 1-2 (mf).
P. a. Kaston, 1948: 266, f. 840, 849 (m).
P. a. Gertsch, 1979: 90, f. 3F (m).
P. a. Levi, 1980a: 58, f. 152-153, 155, 158-159, 202-213 (mf).
P. a. Hormiga, Eberhard & Coddington, 1995: 326, f. 7J-L (m).
P. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 206, f. 2295-2298 (mf).
P. a. Dondale et al., 2003: 96, f. 185-194 (mf).
P. a. Dimitrov, Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2007: 766, f. 9A-D, 11C-D (f).
P. a. Álvarez-Padilla et al., 2009: 138, f. 7d-e (mf).
P. a. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 794, f. 105A-F, 106A-G, 107A-D, 108A-F (mf).

mf bonneti Senglet, 1973....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014023]
P. b. Senglet, 1973a: 302, f. 6-8, 17-18 (Dmf).

mf brevis Keyserling, 1884....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014024]
P. b. Keyserling, 1884b: 658 (D).
P. b. Emerton, 1884: 336, pl. 34, f. 21, pl. 40, f. 8, 10 (mf).
P. b. McCook, 1894: 267, pl. 26, f. 9, 19 (mf).
P. b. Kaston, 1948: 267, f. 841, 857 (m).
P. xanthostoma Kaston, 1977: 35 (S, rejected).
P. b. Levi, 1980a: 54, f. 178-189 (mf).
P. b. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 206, f. 2299-2302 (mf).
P. b. Dondale et al., 2003: 102, f. 215-224 (mf).

m calusa Levi, 1980....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014025]
P. c. Levi, 1980a: 62, f. 251-254 (Dm).

mf clercki Sundevall, 1823 *....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014026]
P. clerckii Sundevall, 1823: 16 (Dmf).
Theridion maxillosum Hahn, 1826: pl. 15, f. B (Df).
Manduculus ambiguus Blackwall, 1833: 111 (Dmf).
Theridion maxillosum Hahn, 1834: 37, f. 122 (f).
Manduculus ambiguus Blackwall, 1834b: 359, pl. 3, f. 3-5 (mf).
Linyphia maxillosa Walckenaer, 1841: 267 (in part).
Linyphia c. Walckenaer, 1841: 270.
P. maxillosa Doleschall, 1852: 636.
P. listeri C. L. Koch, 1845: 142, f. 1064 (m, misidentified).
P. c. Blackwall, 1864a: 318, pl. 22, f. 233 (mf).
P. c. Menge, 1866: 95, pl. 16, f. 28 (mf).
P. c. Thorell, 1870a: 75.
P. c. Hansen, 1882: 28, pl. 2, f. 4 (mf).
P. c. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 141, pl. 6, f. 4 (mf).
P. c. Simon, 1894a: 716, f. 793 (m).
P. c. Becker, 1896: 68, pl. 13, f. 1 (mf).
P. c. Bösenberg, 1901: 56, pl. 4, f. 50 (mf).
P. c. Engelhardt, 1910: 53, f. 11 (f).
P. c. Simon, 1929: 644, 748, f. 989-990 (mf).
P. c. Reimoser, 1932: 62, f. 6 (mf).
P. c. Drensky, 1943: 248, f. 32-34 (mf).
P. sewardi Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 64, f. 76-78 (Dmf).
P. c. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 106, f. 71, 72, 73A, D (mf).
P. c. Chrysanthus, 1955c: 56, f. 1A-D (m).
P. c. Wiehle, 1963a: 61, f. 12, 99-106 (mf).
P. c. Namkung, 1964: 40, f. 31 (f).
P. c. Azheganova, 1968: 92, f. 197-200, 220 (mf).
P. c. Tyschchenko, 1971: 202, f. 609 (f).
P. c. Palmgren, 1974a: 52, f. 26a-b, g (mf).
P. c. Punda, 1975b: 12, f. 15 (m).
P. c. Brignoli, 1978o: 288, f. 8 (f).
P. c. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 51, f. 34.1-2 (mf).
P. c. Song, 1980: 132, f. 70a-f (mf).
P. c. Levi, 1980a: 59, f. 226-237 (mf, S).
P. c. Heimer, 1982: 46, f. 16 (m).
P. c. Hu, 1984: 139, f. 142.1-6 (mf).
P. c. Roberts, 1985: 199, f. 88g, 89g (mf).
P. c. Guo, 1985: 82, f. 2-31.1-4 (mf).
P. c. Wunderlich, 1985b: 327, f. 7-10 (m).
P. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 129, f. 69.2 (mf).
P. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 90, f. 3 (m).
P. c. Hu & Wu, 1989: 111, f. 86.1-8 (mf).
P. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 58, f. 121 (mf).
P. c. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 322, f. 1697-1699 (mf).
P. c. Roberts, 1995: 300, f. (mf).
P. c. Mcheidze, 1997: 285, f. 645-649 (mf).
P. c. Roberts, 1998: 314, f. (mf).
P. c. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 60, f. 13, 38, 60 (mf).
P. c. Hu, 2001: 594, f. 404.1-7 (mf).
P. c. Namkung, 2002: 234, f. 18.20a-b (mf).
P. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 94, f. 175-184 (mf).
P. c. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 91, f. 38A-J, 39A-F (mf).
P. c. Namkung, 2003: 236, f. 18.20a-b (mf).
P. c. Almquist, 2005: 117, f. 135a-f (mf).
P. c. Jäger, 2006d: 3, f. 1-2g-i, l-m (m).
P. c. Tanikawa, 2007c: 104, f. 370-371, 821-823 (m).
P. c. Tanikawa, 2009: 419, f. 127-129 (m).

mf clerckoides Wunderlich, 1985....................Bulgaria, Macedonia, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014027]
P. c. Wunderlich, 1985b: 325, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf degeeri Sundevall, 1830....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014028]
P. degeerii Sundevall, 1830: 24 (Dmf).
Theridion vernale Hahn, 1834: 38, f. 123 (Df).
Linyphia d. Walckenaer, 1841: 269.
Manduculus vernalis Blackwall, 1843: 125.
P. d. C. L. Koch, 1845: 143, f. 1065 (m).
P. clerckii C. L. Koch, 1845: 146, f. 1067 (f, misidentified).
Theridion rufithorax Lucas, 1846: 259, pl. 16, f. 8 (Df).
P. vernalis Doleschall, 1852: 636.
P. d. Blackwall, 1864a: 321, pl. 22, f. 235 (mf).
Eucharium rufithorax Simon, 1864: 168.
P. d. Menge, 1866: 98, pl. 16, f. 30 (mf).
P. d. Thorell, 1870a: 76.
P. d. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 141, pl. 6, f. 6 (mf).
P. d. Becker, 1896: 65, pl. 12, f. 2 (mf).
P. d. Bösenberg, 1901: 57, pl. 4, f. 52 (mf).
P. d. Engelhardt, 1910: 55, f. 13-14 (f).
P. d. Simon, 1929: 644, 748, f. 992-993 (mf).
P. d. Berland, 1932b: 278, f. 424 (m).
P. d. Drensky, 1943: 249, f. 32-34 (mf).
P. d. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 110, f. 73B (m).
P. d. Wiehle, 1963a: 72, f. 115-124 (mf).
P. d. Tyschchenko, 1971: 202, f. 607 (m).
P. d. Miller, 1971: 198, pl. XXXVI, f. 22-23 (mf).
P. d. Palmgren, 1974a: 52, f. 26e-f, i (mf).
P. d. Punda, 1975b: 47, f. 89-91 (mf).
P. d. Ledoux & Canard, 1981: 12, f. 27 (m).
P. d. Roberts, 1985: 199, f. 88h, 89h (mf).
Dyschiriognatha yiliensis Hu & Wu, 1985: 95, f. 1.1-10 (Dmf).
Dyschiriognatha yiliensis Hu & Wu, 1989: 109, f. 85.1-10 (mf).
P. d. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 58, f. 120 (mf).
P. d. Roberts, 1995: 301, f. (mf).
P. d. Mcheidze, 1997: 286, f. 693 (m).
P. d. Roberts, 1998: 315, f. (mf).
Dyschiriognatha yiliensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 213, f. 120E-F, J-K (m).
P. d. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 94, f. 40A-F, 41A-F (mf, S).
P. d. Almquist, 2005: 118, f. 136a-e (mf).

m degeeri dysdericolor Jocqué, 1977....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014029]
P. d. d. Jocqué, 1977c: 333 (Dm).

mf dorothea McCook, 1894....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014030]
P. d. McCook, 1894: 270, pl. 26, f. 3-4 (Dmf).
P. d. Bryant, 1933a: 176, pl. 4, f. 37-41 (mf).
P. kuratai Levi, 1951: 15, f. 29-31 (Dmf).
P. kuratai Levi & Field, 1954: 452, f. 38, 43-44 (m).
P. d. Levi & Field, 1954: 452, f. 39-41 (removed mf from S of P. autumnalis).
P. d. Levi, 1980a: 56, f. 190-201 (mf, S).
P. d. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 207, f. 2303-2306 (mf).
P. d. Dondale et al., 2003: 105, f. 225-234 (mf).

mf fengzhen Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039271]
P. f. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 96, f. 42A-F, 43A-F (Dmf).

mf furcillata Keyserling, 1884....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014031]
P. f. Keyserling, 1884b: 662, pl. 21, f. 11 (Df).
P. f. McCook, 1894: 271, pl. 28, f. 3 (f).
P. f. Banks, 1913: 180, pl. 11, f. 3 (m).
P. f. Bryant, 1933a: 177, pl. 4, f. 38-39 (mf).
P. f. Kaston, 1948: 267, f. 842, 858 (removed mf from S of P. brevis).
P. f. Levi, 1980a: 53, f. 154, 156-157, 162-177 (mf).
P. f. Coddington, 1990: 16, f. 47 (m).
P. f. Dondale et al., 2003: 100, f. 205-214 (mf).

mf gaoi Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038600]
P. g. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 99, f. 44A-G, 45A-F (Dmf).

m goedeli Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014032]
P. g. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 343, f. 123-126 (Dm).

mf hexatracheata Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014033]
P. h. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 332, f. 52-65 (Dmf).

mf jansseni Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014034]
P. j. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 343, f. 112-122 (Dmf).

m kiwuana Strand, 1913....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014035]
P. k. Strand, 1913a: 355 (Dm).
P. k. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 326, f. 1-6 (m).

mf leleupi Lawrence, 1952....................Cameroon, Congo, Malawi, Zimbabwe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014036]
P. l. Lawrence, 1952b: 8, f. 4a-c (Df).
P. l. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 329, f. 33-51 (f, Dm).

mf listeri Sundevall, 1830....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014037]
P. l. Sundevall, 1830: 23 (Dmf).
Manduculus limatus Blackwall, 1841: 667 (Dmf).
Linyphia crocea Walckenaer, 1841: 266 (Df).
Linyphia manducula Walckenaer, 1847a: 482 (Df).
P. l. Blackwall, 1864a: 320, pl. 22, f. 234 (mf).
P. l. Menge, 1866: 96, pl. 16, f. 29 (mf).
Linyphia pentophthalmica Giebel, 1869c: 303 (Dm).
P. l. Thorell, 1870a: 75.
P. l. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 141, pl. 6, f. 5 (mf).
P. l. Simon, 1894a: 709, f. 785 (m).
P. l. Becker, 1896: 67, pl. 12, f. 3 (mf).
P. l. Bösenberg, 1901: 56, pl.4 , f. 51 (mf).
P. l. Engelhardt, 1910: 53, f. 12 (f).
P. l. Spassky, 1925: 18, f. 38 (m).
P. l. Simon, 1929: 644, 748, f. 991 (mf).
P. l. Drensky, 1943: 249, f. 32-34 (mf).
P. l. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 110, f. 73C, E (mf).
P. l. Wiehle, 1963a: 67, f. 107-114 (mf).
P. l. Tyschchenko, 1971: 202, f. 606, 608 (mf).
P. l. Miller, 1971: 197, pl. XXXVI, f. 21-22, pl. XXXVII, f. 4 (mf).
P. l. Palmgren, 1974a: 52, f. 26c-d, h (mf).
P. l. Brignoli, 1978o: 288, f. 7 (f).
P. l. Forster, 1980: 281, f. 17 (f).
P. l. Roberts, 1985: 199, f. 88i, 89i (mf).
P. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 58, f. 122 (mf).
P. l. Thaler, 1991b: 48, f. 4-6, 10-11, 16-17 (mf).
P. l. Roberts, 1995: 300, f. (mf).
P. l. Mcheidze, 1997: 285, f. 650-652 (mf).
P. l. Roberts, 1998: 314, f. (mf).
P. l. Trotta, 2005: 174, f. 425 (m).
P. l. Almquist, 2005: 119, f. 137a-f (mf).

m longipes Simon, 1894....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014038]
P. l. Simon, 1894a: 717 (Dm).
P. l. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 329, f. 28-32 (m).

mf mucronata Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014039]
P. m. Tullgren, 1910: 147, pl. 3, f. 68 (Df).
P. m. Caporiacco, 1949a: 351, f. 18a-b (Dm).
P. m. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 327, f. 12-15 (f; N.B.: m of Caporiacco, 1949 probably belongs to P. procincta).

mf mucronata comorana Schmidt & Krause, 1993....................Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014040]
P. m. c. Schmidt & Krause, 1993a: 9, f. 13-14 (Dmf; N.B.: figures in Schmidt and Krause, 1993c).
P. m. c. Schmidt & Krause, 1994a: 8, f. 4-5 (mf).

m ochongipina Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014041]
P. o. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 492, f. 302a-j (Dm).

mf okuensis Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014042]
P. o. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 337, f. 90-99 (Dmf).

f opdeweerdtae Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014043]
P. o. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 343, f. 127-131 (Df).

mf palmquisti Tullgren, 1910....................Kenya, Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014044]
P. palmqvisti Tullgren, 1910: 146, pl. 3, f. 67 (Dmf).
P. palmqvisti Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 327, f. 16-27 (mf).

mf procincta Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994....................Cameroon, Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014045]
P. p. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 337, f. 82-89 (Dmf).

mf quadrimaculata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013633]
Dyschiriognatha q. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 175, pl. 3, f. 9, pl. 15, f. 425 (Dm).
Glenognatha nipponica Kishida, 1936c: 65, f. 1-4 (Df).
Dyschiriognatha q. Yin, 1976: 126, pl. XIII.1-12 (mf).
Dyschiriognatha q. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 50, f. 32 (m).
Dyschiriognatha q. Song, 1980: 129, f. 68a-h (mf).
Dyschiriognatha q. Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 220 (S).
Dyschiriognatha q. Hu, 1984: 135, f. 136.1-4 (mf).
Dyschiriognatha q. Guo, 1985: 78, f. 2-28.1-7 (mf).
Dyschiriognatha q. Yaginuma, 1986a: 136, f. 72.2 (m).
Dyschiriognatha q. Zhang, 1987: 91, f. 74.1-6 (mf).
Dyschiriognatha q. Chikuni, 1989b: 90, f. 2 (m).
Dyschiriognatha q. Feng, 1990: 103, f. 78.1-6 (m).
Dyschiriognatha q. Chen & Gao, 1990: 75, f. 94a-e (mf).
Dyschiriognatha q. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 121, f. 116.1-12 (mf).
Dyschiriognatha q. Okuma, 1991a: 15, f. 3B (m).
Dyschiriognatha q. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 322, f. 1693-1694 (m).
Dyschiriognatha q. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 43, f. 1. 26 (m).
Dyschiriognatha q. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 213, f. 120A-B, G (m).
Dyschiriognatha q. Namkung, 2002: 235, f. 18.21a-b (mf).
P. q. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 101, f. 46A-K, 47A-F (Tmf from Dyschiriognatha).
Dyschiriognatha q. Namkung, 2003: 237, f. 18.21a-b (mf).
P. q. Tanikawa, 2007c: 103, f. 366-367, 815-817 (m).
Dyschiriognatha q. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 34, f. 1, 33, 33.1 (mf).
P. q. Tanikawa, 2009: 412, f. 52-54 (m).
P. q. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 169, f. 114A-K, 115A-F (mf).
P. q. Yin et al., 2012: 449, f. 203a-g (mf).

f rotunda Saito, 1939....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014046]
P. r. Saito, 1939: 61, f. 4(7), pl. 1, f. 12 (Df).

f ruanda Strand, 1913....................Rwanda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014047]
P. r. Strand, 1913a: 356 (Df).
P. r. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 326, f. 7-11 (f).

mf silentvalliensis Biswas & Roy, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041047]
P. s. Biswas & Roy, 2004: 183, f. 1-5 (Dmf; N.B.: figures are referred to but were apparently not published).

mf simoni Senglet, 1973....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014048]
P. s. Senglet, 1973a: 301, f. 1-5, 15-16 (Dmf).

mf sundevalli Senglet, 1973....................Portugal, Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014049]
P. s. Senglet, 1973a: 304, f. 9-11, 19-20 (Dmf).

mf tenera Karsch, 1879....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013634]
P. t. Karsch, 1879g: 64 (Dj).
Dyschiriognatha t. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 174, pl. 15, f. 432 (Dmf).
Dyschiriognatha t. Yin, 1976: 126, pl. XIV.1-12 (mf).
Dyschiriognatha t. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 50, f. 33 (m).
Dyschiriognatha t. Song, 1980: 130, f. 69a-g (mf).
Dyschiriognatha t. Hu, 1984: 135, f. 137.1-5 (mf).
Dyschiriognatha t. Guo, 1985: 77, f. 2-29.1-8 (mf).
Dyschiriognatha t. Yaginuma, 1986a: 136, f. 72.3 (m).
Dyschiriognatha t. Zhang, 1987: 92, f. 75.1-6 (mf).
Dyschiriognatha t. Chikuni, 1989b: 90, f. 1 (m).
Dyschiriognatha t. Chen & Gao, 1990: 76, f. 95a-e (mf).
Dyschiriognatha t. Okuma, 1991a: 15, f. 3C (m).
Dyschiriognatha t. Zhao, 1993: 265, f. 125a-b (mf).
Dyschiriognatha t. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 322, f. 1695-1696 (m).
Dyschiriognatha t. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 44, f. 2, 27 (m).
Dyschiriognatha t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 213, f. 120C-D, H-I (m).
Dyschiriognatha t. Namkung, 2002: 236, f. 18.22a-b (mf).
P. t. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 104, f. 48A-G, 49A-F (Tmf from Dyschiriognatha).
Dyschiriognatha t. Namkung, 2003: 238, f. 18.22a-b (mf).
P. t. Tanikawa, 2007c: 104, f. 368-369, 818-820 (m).
Dyschiriognatha t. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 34, f. 2, 34, 34.1 (mf).
P. t. Tanikawa, 2009: 412, f. 55-57 (m).
P. t. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 171, f. 116A-G, 117A-F (mf).
P. t. Yin et al., 2012: 450, f. 204a-i (mf).

mf terilis Thaler, 1991....................Switzerland, Austria, Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014050]
P. t. Thaler, 1991b: 48, f. 1-3, 7-9, 12-14 (Dmf).

mf tristriata C. L. Koch, 1845....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014051]
P. t. C. L. Koch, 1845: 145, f. 1066 (Df).
P. t. Keyserling, 1884b: 656, pl. 11, f. 3 (mf).
P. t. McCook, 1894: 270, pl. 26, f. 6, pl. 28, f. 1 (mf).
P. t. Emerton, 1909: 202, pl. 5, f. 6 (mf).
P. t. Muma, 1943: 99, pl. XIV, f. 6 (m).
P. t. Kaston, 1948: 266, f. 838-839, 847-848 (m).
P. t. Levi, 1980a: 60, f. 238-250 (mf).
P. t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 207, f. 2307-2310 (mf).
P. t. Dondale et al., 2003: 98, f. 195-204 (mf).

mf tullgreni Senglet, 1973....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014052]
P. t. Senglet, 1973a: 305, f. 12-14, 21-22 (Dmf).

f vorax Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014053]
P. v. Thorell, 1895: 137 (Df).

mf xanthostoma C. L. Koch, 1845....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014054]
P. x. C. L. Koch, 1845: 148, f. 1066 (Df).
P. x. Keyserling, 1884b: 659, pl. 21, f. 9 (Dm).
P. x. McCook, 1894: 269, pl. 26, f. 7-8 (mf).
P. mccooki Banks, 1916: 79 (Dmf).
P. x. Levi, 1980a: 58, f. 160-161, 214-225 (mf).
P. x. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 207, f. 2311-2314 (mf).
P. x. Dondale et al., 2003: 92, f. 166-174 (mf).

mf zappa Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994....................Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014055]
P. z. Bosmans & Bosselaers, 1994: 332, f. 66-81 (Dmf).

mf zhui Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038601]
P. z. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 106, f. 50A-E, 51A-F, pl. VIA-D (Dmf).