The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERIDIIDAE

Gen. Paidiscura Archer, 1950 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00709]

P. Archer, 1950: 26, type Theridion pallens Blackwall, 1834; removed from the synonymy of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 by Wunderlich, 1987a: 214, contra Levi, 1957a: 19.

Transferred to other genera:
P. genistae (Simon, 1873) -- see Theridion.
P. genistae turanica (Charitonov, 1946) -- see Theridion.
P. musiva (Simon, 1873) -- see Ruborridion.
P. pinicola (Simon, 1873) -- see Theridion.

In synonymy:
P. bigibba (O. P.-Cambridge, 1912, T from Theridion) = P. dromedaria (Simon, 1880) (Wunderlich, 1977a: 290, sub Theridion).
P. caboverdensis (Schmidt & Piepho, 1994, T from Achaearanea) = P. dromedaria (Simon, 1880) (Schmidt & Krause, 1996: 263).
P. caninotata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906, T from Dipoena) = P. subpallens (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yoshida, 1988: 25, sub Theridion).
P. mirabilis (Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991, T from Theridion) = P. subpallens (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, sub Theridion).
P. palustre (Pavesi, 1880, removed from S of Theridion nigrovariegatum Simon, 1873) = P. dromedaria (Simon, 1880) (Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 429, after Simon, 1908).

mf dromedaria (Simon, 1880)....................Greece, North Africa to Middle East, Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007860]
Theridion dromedarius Simon, 1880g: 99 (Dm).
Theridion palustre Pavesi, 1880b: 328 (Dm).
Theridion bigibbum O. P.-Cambridge, 1912a: 403, f. 51 (Dm).
Theridium dromedarium Spassky & Shnitnikov, 1937: 271, f. 1-2 (mf).
Achaearanea d. Denis, 1962a: 62 (removed from S of Theridion tuberculatum, Tmf, rejected).
Theridion dromedarium Wunderlich, 1977a: 290, f. 3-7 (mf, S).
Theridion dromedarius Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 110, f. 58-64 (mf; not a synonym of Theridion tuberculatum).
P. d. Wunderlich, 1987a: 215 (Tmf from Theridion).
Achaearanea caboverdensis Schmidt & Piepho, in Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 96, f. 10 (Df).
P. d. Schmidt & Krause, 1996: 263 (S).
Theridion dromedarius Levy, 1998b: 205, f. 390-396 (mf).
P. d. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 429, f. 30, 33, 36, 41-42, 58 (mf, S).
P. d. Wunderlich, 2008b: 392, f. 551-552 (m).
Theridion dromedarius Le Peru, 2011: 476, f. 813 (mf).

mf orotavensis (Schmidt, 1968)....................Canary Is., Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007862]
Theridion palustre Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 370, pl. 6, f. 28, pl. 7, f. 46, 48-52 (mf, misidentified).
Theridion orotavense Schmidt, 1968: 409, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
P. o. Wunderlich, 1987a: 215 (Tmf from Theridion).
P. o. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 431, f. 29, 32, 35, 39-40 (mf).

mf pallens (Blackwall, 1834) *....................Europe, Algeria, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007863]
Theridion p. Blackwall, 1834b: 357 (Df).
Theridion minimum Wider, 1834: 243, pl. 17, f. 2 (Df).
Dictyna hystrica C. L. Koch, 1837b: 12 (D).
Epeira nubila Blackwall, 1837: 101 (Dm).
Theridion albens Blackwall, 1841: 627 (Df).
Theridion minimum Walckenaer, 1841: 320 (D).
Micryphantes hystricus C. L. Koch, 1845: 155, f. 1074 (Df).
Epeira nubila Blackwall, 1864a: 194, pl. 14, f. 125 (m, Df).
Theridion albens Blackwall, 1864a: 199, pl. 14, f. 130 (f).
Theridion p. Thorell, 1873: 438.
Theridion persubtile L. Koch, 1877b: 182, f. 5 (Dm).
Theridion p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 92, pl. 2, f. 8 (mf).
Theridion p. Bösenberg, 1902: 107, pl. 9, f. 133 (mf).
Theridion p. Wiehle, 1937: 178, f. 160-168 (mf).
P. p. Archer, 1950: 27, pl. IV, f. 6 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 81, f. 53A-B (mf).
Theridion p. Miller, 1971: 192, pl. XXXIV, f. 16-17 (mf).
Theridion p. Palmgren, 1974b: 28, f. 7.1-3 (mf).
Theridion p. Roberts, 1985: 188, f. 84d (mf).
P. p. Wunderlich, 1987a: 215.
Theridion p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 300, f. 805 (mf).
Theridion p. Roberts, 1995: 288, f. (mf).
Theridion p. Roberts, 1998: 303, f. (mf).
P. p. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 425, f. 25-28, 31, 34, 37-38, 59-60 (mf).
P. p. Trotta, 2005: 175, f. 459-460 (mf).
P. p. Almquist, 2005: 77, f. 100a-h (mf).
P. p. Wunderlich, 2008b: 392, f. 547-550 (m).
Theridion p. Le Peru, 2011: 482, f. 839 (mf).

mf subpallens (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008711]
Theridion s. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 139, pl. 12, f. 293 (Df).
Dipoena caninotata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 150, pl. 12, f. 266 (Dmf).
Theridion s. Saito, 1934b: 300, pl. 14, f. 52 (f).
Theridion s. Saito, 1959: 71, f. 69a-d (f).
Theridion s. Shinkai & Hara, 1975: 10, f. 3-5 (f, Dm).
Theridion s. Shinkai, 1978: 87, f. 3-4 (mf).
Theridion s. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 30, f. 12.1-2 (f).
Dipoena caninotata Yaginuma, 1986a: 42, f. 23.8 (m).
Theridion s. Yoshida, 1988: 25 (Sm).
Theridion s. Chikuni, 1989b: 44, f. 65 (mf).
Theridion mirabilis Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 176, f. 17-21 (Dmf).
Theridion mirabilis Paik, 1996d: 10, f. 17-26 (f).
Theridion mirabile Zhu, 1998: 189, f. 122A-E (mf).
Theridion s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 77A-B, I-J (mf, S).
Theridion s. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 154, f. 57-58 (mf).
Theridion s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 115, f. 57A-E (mf).
P. s. Yoshida, 2001c: 168, f. 9, 40-42 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion s. Namkung, 2002: 101, f. 13.19a-b (mf).
Theridion s. Kim & Cho, 2002: 314, f. 835-840 (mf).
P. s. Yoshida, 2003a: 82, f. 200-202, 565 (mf).
P. s. Namkung, 2003: 102, f. 13.18a-b (mf).
P. s. Yoshida, 2009b: 374, f. 165-166 (mf).
Theridion s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 108, f. 64A-E (mf).
P. s. Yin et al., 2012: 363, f. 151a-f (mf).