The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Pararaneus Caporiacco, 1940 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01538]

N.B.: Archer (1951a: 21) implicitly synonymized this genus by transferring its type species to Eriophora Simon, 1864, but this change was not adopted by Grasshoff (1968).

In synonymy:
P. asbenicus (Denis, 1955, T from Araneus) = P. spectator (Karsch, 1885) (Grasshoff, 1968: 92).
P. confusionis (Strand, 1906, T from Araneus) = P. spectator (Karsch, 1885) (Grasshoff, 1968: 91).
P. crassicaudex (Thorell, 1899, T from Araneus) = P. perforatus (Thorell, 1899) (Grasshoff, 1968: 89).
P. darolicola (Strand, 1906, T from Araneus) = P. cyrtoscapus (Pocock, 1898) (Grasshoff, 1968: 86).
P. hoplophallus (Pocock, 1899, T from Araneus) = P. cyrtoscapus (Pocock, 1898) (Grasshoff, 1968: 86).
P. lunulifera (Reimoser, 1938, T from Araneus) = P. spectator (Karsch, 1885) (Levy, 1998a: 344).
P. manicola (Strand, 1906, T from Araneus) = P. spectator (Karsch, 1885) (Grasshoff, 1968: 91).
P. paracymbifer (Strand, 1906) = P. cyrtoscapus (Pocock, 1898) (Grasshoff, 1968: 86).
P. sanguipes (Thorell, 1899, T from Araneus) = P. cyrtoscapus (Pocock, 1898) (Grasshoff, 1986: 78).
P. streptoceros (Pocock, 1898) = P. spectator (Karsch, 1885) (Grasshoff, 1968: 91).
P. striatellus Roewer, 1942 = P. cyrtoscapus (Pocock, 1898) (Grasshoff, 1968: 86).
P. striatellus intermedius (Pavesi, 1897) = P. spectator (Karsch, 1885) (Grasshoff, 1968: 91).
P. striatellus similis (Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895) = P. spectator (Karsch, 1885) (Grasshoff, 1968: 91).
P. suedicola (Simon, 1890, T from Araneus) = P. spectator (Karsch, 1885) (Grasshoff, 1968: 91).
P. suedicola pardalis (Simon, 1907, T from Araneus) = P. spectator (Karsch, 1885) (Grasshoff, 1968: 92).
P. tyloscapus (Pocock, 1899, T from Araneus) = P. perforatus (Thorell, 1899) (Grasshoff, 1968: 89).

mf cyrtoscapus (Pocock, 1898) *....................Central, East, Southern Africa, Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016883]
Epeira striata Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 43, pl. 2, f. 24-25 (Dmf; preoccupied by Doleschall, 1857).
Araneus c. Pocock, 1898c: 206, pl. 8, f. 2 (Dmf).
Araneus hoplophallus Pocock, 1899c: 40 (Dm).
Aranea sanguipes Thorell, 1899: 48 (Df).
Aranea darolicola Strand, 1906b: 623 (Dm).
Aranea paracymbifera Strand, 1906b: 624 (Dmf).
Aranea striata Tullgren, 1910: 163, pl. 4, f. 109 (f).
Araneus striatus Lessert, 1930: 639, f. 15-16 (mf).
Araneus sanguipes Lessert, 1930: 645, f. 20 (f, Dm).
P. striatus Caporiacco, 1940b: 299.
P. paracymbifer Caporiacco, 1941b: 74 (Tmf from Araneus).
P. striatellus Roewer, 1942a: 869 (replacement name for Epeira striata Bösenberg & Lenz).
P. cyrtoscalus Caporiacco, 1947d: 160 (Tmf from Araneus).
P. c. Grasshoff, 1968: 86, f. 48, 52-54, 60b, 63a-f, 67-73, 82 (mf, S).
P. c. Grasshoff, 1986: 78 (S).

mf perforatus (Thorell, 1899)....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016884]
Aranea perforata Thorell, 1899: 46 (Dm).
Araneus tyloscapus Pocock, 1899e: 851, pl. 55, f. 3 (Df).
Aranea crassicaudex Thorell, 1899: 44 (Df).
P. p. Grasshoff, 1968: 89, f. 47, 49-51, 60a, 62a-g, 67-73, 82-84 (Tm from Araneus, Sf).

mf pseudostriatus (Strand, 1908)....................Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016885]
Aranea striata pseudostriata Strand, 1908g: 380 (Dj).
Aranea striatus pseudostriata Caporiacco, 1940c: 826 (Df).
P. p. Grasshoff, 1968: 93, f. 58-59, 60d, 65a-d, 74-82 (elevated f from subspecies, Dm).

mf spectator (Karsch, 1885)....................Africa, Middle East [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016886]
Epeira s. Karsch, 1885: 134, f. 3-4 (Df).
Epeira suedicola Simon, 1890a: 103 (Df).
Epeira similis Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 44, pl. 2, f. 26 (Df, preoccupied).
Epeira striata similis Pavesi, 1897b: 164.
Epeira striata intermedia Pavesi, 1897b: 164 (Dmf).
Araneus streptoceros Pocock, 1898e: 436, pl. 13, f. 2 (Dmf).
Aranea confusionis Strand, 1906b: 619 (Df).
Aranea manicola Strand, 1906b: 623 (Dm).
Araneus suedicola pardalis Simon, 1907e: 6 (Df).
Aranea streptocera Strand, 1908g: 379.
Aranea randiae Strand, 1917c: 71 (replacement name for E. similis).
Aranea lunulifera Reimoser, 1937b: 20, f. 2 (Df).
P. striatus similis substriatus Caporiacco, 1940b: 299.
Araneus striatus intermedius Caporiacco, 1940c: 826.
P. striatellus intermedius Roewer, 1942a: 870.
P. streptoceros Caporiacco, 1949a: 411, f. 53 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus asbenicus Denis, 1955b: 134, f. 40 (Df).
P. s. Grasshoff, 1968: 91, f. 55-57, 60c, 64a-d, 74-82 (Tf from Araneus, Sf).
P. s. Levy, 1998a: 342, f. 127-134 (mf, S).

f uncivulva (Strand, 1907)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016887]
Aranea u. Strand, 1907a: 535 (Df).
Aranea u. Strand, 1907n: 634 (Df).
Aranea u. Strand, 1908f: 469, f. K (f).
P. u. Grasshoff, 1968: 94, f. 66a-d, 74-82 (Tf from Araneus).