The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERIDIIDAE

Gen. Parasteatoda Archer, 1946 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03640]

P. Archer, 1946: 38 (described as a subgenus of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805; elevated to genus by Archer, 1950: 13), type Theridion tepidariorum C. L. Koch, 1841; removed from the synonymy of Achaearanea Strand, 1929 by Saaristo, 2006: 69, contra Levi, 1955a: 6.

In synonymy:
P. boqueronica (Kraus, 1955) = P. nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 231, sub Achaearanea).
P. krausi (Chrysanthus, 1963, T from Achaearanea) = P. camura (Simon, 1877) (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, sub Achaearanea).
P. lunata (Olivier, 1789, T from Theridion) = P. lunata (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
P. mea (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906, T from Theridion) = P. ferrumequina (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Ono, 1981c: 2, sub Theridion).
P. mesax Levi, 1959 = P. nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 231, sub Achaearanea).
P. nipponica (Yoshida, 1983, T from Achaearanea) = P. tabulata (Levi, 1980) (Moritz, Levi & Pfüller, 1988: 361, sub Achaearanea).
P. obnubila (Keyserling, 1891, T from Theridion) = P. nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 231, sub Achaearanea).
P. pallida (Walckenaer, 1841, T from Theridion) = P. tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 55, sub Theridion).
P. picadoi (Banks, 1909, T from Achaearanea) = P. tesselata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 232, sub Achaearanea).
P. terex (Levi, 1959, T from Achaearanea) = P. tesselata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 232, sub Achaearanea).
P. ungilensis (Kim & Kim, 1996, T from Achaearanea) = P. japonica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yoshida, 2000b: 142, sub Achaearanea; N.B.: a junior S of P. kompirensis instead per Namkung, Kim & Lee, 2000: 308, 338).

mf angulithorax (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................Russia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006749]
Theridion a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 144, pl. 12, f. 292 (Df).
Theridion a. Saito, 1959: 70, f. 64a-b (f).
Theridion a. Yaginuma, 1960: 36, f. 34.6 (f).
Theridion a. Lee, 1966: 29, f. 6l-m (f).
Theridion a. Yaginuma, 1971: 36, f. 34.6 (f).
Achaearanea anglithorax Saito, Takahashi & Sagara, 1979: 7, f. 4-6 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion a. Hu, 1984: 167, f. 173.1-3 (mf).
Theridion a. Guo, 1985: 95, f. 2-40.1-2 (f).
Achaearanea a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.2 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Zhang, 1987: 104, f. 83.1-3 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 4 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Chen & Gao, 1990: 89, f. 110a-b (mf).
Achaearanea a. Zhao, 1993: 201, f. 92a-c (mf).
Achaearanea a. Zhu, 1998: 92, f. 53A-E (mf).
Achaearanea a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38A-B, I-J (mf).
Achaearanea a. Yoshida, 2000b: 144, f. 20-23 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 26, f. 22 (m).
Achaearanea a. Namkung, 2002: 87, f. 13.5a-b (mf).
Achaearanea a. Yoshida, 2003a: 107, f. 266-269, 577 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Namkung, 2003: 89, f. 13.5a-b (mf).
Achaearanea a. Ono, 2006b: 410, f. 2-5 (f).
P. a. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. a. Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 246-247 (mf).

mf asiatica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006752]
Achaea a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 148, pl. 12, f. 278 (Dmf).
Achaearanea a. Matsumoto, 1973a: 9, f. 1-7 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Shinkai, 1977: 323, f. 8-9 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.7 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Chang, Gao & Guan, 1995: 46, f. 5 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Zhu, 1998: 96, f. 56A-E (mf).
Achaearanea asiaticus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38C-D, K-L (mf).
Achaearanea a. Yoshida, 2000b: 143, f. 14-16 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Namkung, 2002: 90, f. 13.8a-b (mf).
Achaearanea a. Yoshida, 2003a: 105, f. 260-262 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Namkung, 2003: 92, f. 13.8a-b (mf).
P. a. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. a. Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 250-251 (mf).
Achaearanea a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 70, f. 35A-E (mf).
Achaearanea a. Yin et al., 2012: 246, f. 77a-g (mf).

f brookesiana (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995)....................India, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006757]
Achaearanea b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 436, f. 261a-g (Df).
Achaearanea b. Ganeshkumar & Siliwal, 2007: 2926, f. 1-6 (f).
P. b. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).

mf campanulata (Chen, 1993)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006760]
Achaearanea c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 138, f. 130.1-5 (mf; nomen nudum).
Achaearanea c. Chen, 1993: 36, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
Achaearanea c. Zhu, 1998: 88, f. 50A-E (mf).
Achaearanea c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38E-F, M-N (mf).
P. c. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea c. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 71, f. 36A-E (mf).
Achaearanea c. Yin et al., 2012: 250, f. 80a-e (mf).

mf camura (Simon, 1877)....................Philippines, New Guinea, Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006761]
Theridion camurum Simon, 1877b: 85 (Dm).
Theridion camurum Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 441 (Df).
P. c. Archer, 1950: 14, pl. I, f. 5 (Tmf from Theridion).
Achaearanea krausi Chrysanthus, 1963: 744, f. 89-94, 99 (Dmf).
Achaearanea c. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, f. 4-5 (mf, S).
P. c. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

mf celsabdomina (Zhu, 1998)....................China, Thailand, Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006764]
Achaearanea c. Zhu, 1998: 82, f. 45A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38G-H, O-P (mf).
P. c. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. c. Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2011b: 15, f. 11-20, 32-38 (mf).

mf cingulata (Zhu, 1998)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006767]
Achaearanea c. Zhu, 1998: 85, f. 48A-C (Df).
Achaearanea c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 39A-B (f).
P. c. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea c. Yin et al., 2012: 252, f. 48a-f (f, Dm).

mf culicivora (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006770]
Theridion culicivorum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 143, pl. 12, f. 297 (Dm).
Achaearanea culicivorum Yoshida, 1983b: 40 (Tm from Theridion).
Achaearanea c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.4 (mf).
Achaearanea c. Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 2 (mf).
Achaearanea c. Gao & Guan, 1991: 54, f. 1.1-2 (m).
Achaearanea c. Yoshida, 2000b: 146, f. 32-36 (mf).
Achaearanea c. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 26, f. 24 (m).
Achaearanea c. Yoshida, 2003a: 111, f. 278-282, 580 (mf).
P. c. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. c. Yoshida, 2009b: 380, f. 234-235 (mf).

mf daliensis (Zhu, 1998)....................China, Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006772]
Achaearanea d. Zhu, 1998: 87, f. 49A-F (Dmf).
Achaearanea d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 39C-D, K-L (mf).
P. d. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea d. Yin et al., 2012: 254, f. 83a-e (mf).

mf decorata (L. Koch, 1867)....................Krakatau, New Guinea, Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006773]
Theridion decoratum L. Koch, 1867b: 188 (Df).
Theridion decoratum L. Koch, 1872a: 265, pl. 22, 5. 4 (f).
Theridion decoratum Rainbow, 1916a: 54, pl. 15, f. 31-32 (Dm).
Achaearanea d. Chrysanthus, 1963: 743, f. 84-88 (Tmf from Theridion).
Achaearanea d. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, f. 6-7 (f).
P. d. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

f ducta (Zhu, 1998)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006780]
Achaearanea d. Zhu, 1998: 107, f. 64A-C (Df).
Achaearanea d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 39E-F (f).
P. d. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).

mf ferrumequina (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006786]
Theridion ferrum-equinum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 139, pl. 12, f. 261 (Dmf).
Theridion meum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 145, pl. 12, f. 294 (Df).
Theridion ferrum-equinum Oi, 1957: 45, f. 1-3 (f).
Theridion ferrum-equinum Yaginuma, 1958f: 70, f. 2, 7 (f).
Theridion ferrumequinum Saito, 1959: 70, f. 65a-c (f).
Theridion ferrumequinum Yaginuma, 1960: 36, f. 34.5 (f).
Theridion ferrumequinum Yaginuma, 1971: 36, f. 34.5 (f).
Theridion ferrumequinum Ono, 1981c: 2, f. 1 (f, S).
Achaearanea f. Yoshida, 1983b: 40 (Tmf from Theridion).
Achaearanea ferrumequinum Yaginuma, 1986a: 34, f. 19.8 (f).
Achaearanea ferrumequinum Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 5 (mf).
Achaearanea f. Zhu, 1998: 99, f. 56A-C (f).
Achaearanea f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 39G-H (f).
Achaearanea f. Yoshida, 2000b: 140, f. 4-7 (mf).
Achaearanea f. Namkung, 2002: 85, f. 13.3a-b (mf).
Achaearanea f. Yoshida, 2003a: 102, f. 250-253, 574 (mf).
Achaearanea f. Namkung, 2003: 87, f. 13.3a-b (mf).
P. f. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. f. Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 258-259 (mf).
Achaearanea f. Yin et al., 2012: 255, f. 84a-e (mf).

mf galeiforma (Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006790]
Achaearanea g. Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 172, f. 3-7 (Dmf).
Achaearanea g. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 852, f. 1A-E (mf).
Achaearanea g. Zhu, 1998: 80, f. 44A-E (mf).
Achaearanea g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 39I-J, M-N (mf).
P. g. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea g. Yin et al., 2012: 259, f. 86a-f (mf).

m gui (Zhu, 1998)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006794]
Achaearanea g. Zhu, 1998: 114, f. 69A-C (Dm).
Achaearanea g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 40K-L (m).
P. g. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tm from Achaearanea).

f hammeni (Chrysanthus, 1963)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006795]
Achaearanea h. Chrysanthus, 1963: 746, f. 95-98, 100 (Df).
P. h. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).

mf hatsushibai Yoshida, 2009....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042634]
P. h. Yoshida, 2009a: 73, f. 11-16 (Dmf).
P. h. Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 240-245 (mf).

mf japonica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Laos, Taiwan, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006803]
Theridion japonicum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 140, pl. 12, f. 283 (Dmf).
Theridion japonicum Nakatsudi, 1942a: 301, f. 29 (f).
Theridion japonicum Lee, 1966: 28, f. 6i-k (mf).
Achaearanea j. Yoshida, 1983b: 41 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion japonicum Hu, 1984: 168, f. 175.1-3 (mf).
Achaearanea j. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.5 (mf).
Achaearanea j. Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 6 (mf).
Achaearanea j. Chen & Gao, 1990: 89, f. 111a-b (mf).
Achaearanea japonicum Chen & Zhang, 1991: 140, f. 132.1-2 (mf).
A. ungilensis Kim & Kim, 1996b: 28, f. 1-6 (Dm).
Achaearanea j. Zhu, 1998: 89, f. 51A-E (mf).
Achaearanea j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40A-B, M-N (mf).
Achaearanea j. Yoshida, 2000b: 142, f. 11-13 (mf, S, but see Namkung, Kim & Lee, 2000: 304, 338 regarding that S).
Achaearanea j. Namkung, 2002: 88, f. 13.6a-b (mf).
Achaearanea j. Kim & Cho, 2002: 298, f. 757-762 (f).
Achaearanea j. Yoshida, 2003a: 104, f. 257-259, 539, 575 (mf).
Achaearanea j. Namkung, 2003: 90, f. 13.6a-b (mf).
P. j. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. j. Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 254-255 (mf).
Achaearanea j. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 72, f. 37A-E (mf).
Achaearanea j. Yin et al., 2012: 260, f. 87a-e (mf).

f jinghongensis (Zhu, 1998)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006805]
Achaearanea j. Zhu, 1998: 94, f. 54A-C (Df).
Achaearanea j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40C-D (f).
P. j. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).

mf kaindi (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006806]
Achaearanea k. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 111, f. 20-25 (Dmf).
P. k. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

mf kompirensis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006809]
Theridion kompirense Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 141, pl. 5, f. 41, pl. 12, f. 284 (Dmf).
Theridion kompirense Namkung, 1964: 35, f. 13 (f).
Theridion kompirense Shinkai, 1977: 323, f. 10-11 (mf).
Theridion kompirense Shinkai, 1978: 86, f. 1-2 (mf).
Theridion kompirense Song, 1980: 136, f. 72a-c (m).
Achaearanea k. Yoshida, 1983b: 41 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion kompirense Hu, 1984: 169, f. 176.1-3 (m).
Achaearanea k. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.6 (mf).
Achaearanea k. Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 7 (mf).
Achaearanea kompirense Chen & Gao, 1990: 90, f. 112a-b (mf).
Achaearanea kompirense Chen & Zhang, 1991: 141, f. 133.1-2 (mf).
Achaearanea kompirense Zhao, 1993: 202, f. 93a-b (mf).
Achaearanea k. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1706, f. 3a-e (mf).
Achaearanea k. Zhu, 1998: 109, f. 66A-E (mf).
Achaearanea k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40E-F, O-P (mf).
Achaearanea k. Yoshida, 2000b: 144, f. 17-19 (mf).
Achaearanea k. Namkung, 2002: 89, f. 13.7a-b (mf).
Achaearanea k. Yoshida, 2003a: 106, f. 263-265, 540, 576 (mf).
Achaearanea k. Namkung, 2003: 91, f. 13.7a-b (mf).
Achaearanea k. Lee et al., 2004: 100, unnumbered f. (f).
P. k. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. k. Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 252-253 (mf).
Achaearanea k. Yin et al., 2012: 262, f. 88a-f (mf).

mf lanyuensis (Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000)....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006811]
Achaearanea l. Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 130, f. 26-31 (Dmf).
P. l. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

f longiducta (Zhu, 1998)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006812]
Achaearanea l. Zhu, 1998: 97, f. 57A-C (Df).
Achaearanea l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40G-H (f).
P. l. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea l. Yin et al., 2012: 265, f. 90a-c (f).

mf lunata (Clerck, 1757)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006814]
Araneus lunatus Clerck, 1757: 52, pl. 3, f. 7 (Df).
Araneus formosus Clerck, 1757: 56, pl. 3, f. 6 (Df).
Aranea l. Olivier, 1789: 210.
Aranea formosa Olivier, 1789: 210.
Aranea sisiphia Walckenaer, 1802: 206 (D; preoccupied).
Aranea urticae Walckenaer, 1802: 210 (D).
Theridion sisiphum Walckenaer, 1805: 74.
Theridion sisyphum Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 29, f. e (Df).
Theridion lunatum C. L. Koch, 1841a: 74, f. 645 (Dmf).
Theridion sisiphum Walckenaer, 1841: 298.
Theridion urticae Walckenaer, 1841: 326 (Df).
Theridion lunatum C. L. Koch, 1845: 137, f. 1060-1061 (mf).
Theridion formosum Westring, 1851: 39.
Steatoda l. Thorell, 1856: 28.
Theridion formosum Westring, 1861: 157 (Dmf).
Theridion sisyphum Blackwall, 1864a: 179, pl. 13, f. 113 (mf).
Steatoda l. Menge, 1866: 150, pl. 28, f. 63 (mf).
Steatoda formosa Karsch, 1873: 138.
Theridion formosum O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 83, pl. 4, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion formosum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 37 (mf).
Theridion formosum Simon, 1894a: 533, f. 538.
Theridion formosum Becker, 1896: 95, pl. 21, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion formosum Bösenberg, 1902: 97, pl. 8, f. 116 (mf).
Theridion formosum Engelhardt, 1910: 71, f. 24 (f).
Theridion formosum Simon, 1914a: 260, 296, f. 519 (mf).
Theridion lunatum Reimoser, 1930b: 54, f. 7 (mf).
Theridion lunatum Wiehle, 1937: 158, f. 95-100 (mf).
Theridion lunatum Denis, 1944c: 111, f. 1, 4 (m).
Parasteatoda formosum Archer, 1950: 14 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion lunatum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 62, f. 42, 43A-B, G (mf).
Theridium lunatum Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 409, 431 (mf).
Achaearanea l. Miller, 1971: 192, pl. XXXIV, f. 5-7 (mf).
Achaearanea l. Martin, 1974b: 251, f. 1c, pl. I, f. 3, pl. II, f. 8 (mf).
Achaearanea l. Palmgren, 1974b: 30, f. 8.1-5 (mf).
Achaearanea l. Punda, 1975b: 59, f. 119-120 (f).
Achaearanea l. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 121, f. 79-84 (mf).
Achaearanea l. Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 80d (mf).
Achaearanea l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 752 (mf).
Achaearanea l. Knoflach, 1991: 61, f. 11, 16 (m).
Achaearanea l. Roberts, 1995: 278, f. (mf).
Theridium lunatum Mcheidze, 1997: 194, f. 394-396 (mf).
Achaearanea l. Levy, 1998b: 165, f. 316-321 (mf).
Achaearanea l. Roberts, 1998: 292, f. (mf).
Achaearanea l. Knoflach, 2004: 218, f. 60e-f (m).
Achaearanea l. Almquist, 2005: 50, f. 77a-k (mf).
Achaearanea l. Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 370, f. 121-124 (m).
P. l. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea l. Le Peru, 2011: 433, f. 650 (mf).
P. l. Kaya & Ugurtas, 2011: 147, f. 8-9 (mf).

f lunata serrata (Franganillo, 1930)....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006815]
Theridion formosum serratum Franganillo, 1930: 9 (Df).
Achaearanea l. s. Brignoli, 1983c: 391 (Tf from Theridion).
P. l. s. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).

mf merapiensis Yoshida & Takasuka, 2011....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044161]
P. m. Yoshida & Takasuka, in Takasuka et al., 2011: 65, f. 3-10 (Dmf).

mf mundula (L. Koch, 1872)....................Seychelles, India to New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006825]
Theridion mundulum L. Koch, 1872a: 263, pl. 22, f. 3 (Df).
Theridion amoenum Thorell, 1877b: 463 (Df; N.B.: possibly valid, per Saaristo, 2006: 70, contra Thorell, 1895).
Theridion amoenum Workman, 1896: 68, pl. 68 (f).
Theridion amoenum Hogg, 1919: 83 (Dm).
Achaearanea m. Chrysanthus, 1963: 741, f. 76-77, 83 (Tmf from Theridion).
Achaearanea m. Zhu, 1998: 100, f. 59A-C (f).
Achaearanea m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40I-J (f).
P. m. Saaristo, 2006: 69, f. 55-59 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. m. Saaristo, 2010: 261, f. 37.95-101 (mf).

f mundula papuana (Chrysanthus, 1963)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006826]
Achaearanea m. p. Chrysanthus, 1963: 741, f. 78-82 (Df; N.B.: possibly a junior S of Theridion amoenum Thorell, 1877, per Saaristo, 2006: 70).

mf nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884)....................Mexico to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006829]
Theridion nigrovittatum Keyserling, 1884a: 26, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
Theridion obnubilum Keyserling, 1891: 187, pl. 6, f. 132 (Dm).
Theridion boqueronicum Kraus, 1955b: 18, f. 37-39 (Df).
Achaearanea boqueronicum Levi, 1959b: 61 (Tf from Theridion).
Achaearanea mesax Levi, 1959b: 74, f. 53-56 (Dmf).
Achaearanea n. Levi, 1963b: 231, f. 110 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).
P. n. Buckup, Marques & Rodrigues, 2010: 352 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

mf oculiprominens (Saito, 1939)....................China, Laos, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006831]
Nesticus oculiprominentis Saito, 1939: 52, f. 6 (5), pl. 1, f. 7 (Dm; N.B.: species name is a genitive of a participle rather than the nominative, per H. D. Cameron).
Nesticus oculiprominentis Saito, 1959: 68, f. 58a-h (m).
Achaearanea oculiprominentis Yoshida, 1991b: 4, f. 1-3 (Tm from Nesticus, Df).
Achaearanea oculiprominentis Kim, 1997b: 203, f. 1-3 (f).
Achaearanea oculiprominentis Zhu, 1998: 95, f. 55A-E (mf).
Achaearanea oculiprominentis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 41A-B, G-H (mf).
Achaearanea oculiprominentis Yoshida, 2000b: 140, f. 8-10 (mf).
Achaearanea oculiprominentis Namkung, 2002: 91, f. 13.9a-c (mf).
Achaearanea oculiprominentis Yoshida, 2003a: 103, f. 254-256, 533 (mf).
Achaearanea oculiprominentis Namkung, 2003: 93, f. 13.9a-c (mf).
P. o. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. o. Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 256-257 (mf).
Achaearanea oculiprominentis Yin et al., 2012: 266, f. 91a-e (mf).

mf oxymaculata (Zhu, 1998)....................China, Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006835]
Achaearanea o. Zhu, 1998: 83, f. 46A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 41C-D, I-J (mf).
P. o. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. o. Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2011b: 18, f. 21-31, 39-42 (f).
Achaearanea o. Yin et al., 2012: 268, f. 92a-f (mf).

m palmata Gao & Li, 2014....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046689]
P. p. Gao & Li, 2014: 57, f. 44A-B, 45A-C, 46A-D (Dm).

f polygramma (Kulczyn'ski, 1911)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006842]
Theridion polygrammum Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 442, pl. 19, f. 16-17 (Df).
Achaearanea p. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, f. 2-3 (Tf from Theridion).
P. p. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).

f quadrimaculata (Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000)....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006848]
Achaearanea q. Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 130, f. 32-35 (Df).
P. q. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).

mf ryukyu (Yoshida, 2000)....................Japan, Ryukyu Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037042]
Achaearanea r. Yoshida, 2000b: 150, f. 43-50 (Dmf).
Achaearanea r. Yoshida, 2003a: 113, f. 289-296 (mf).
P. r. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. r. Yoshida, 2009b: 380, f. 238-239 (mf).

mf simulans (Thorell, 1875)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006864]
Theridion formosum s. Thorell, 1875c: 55 (Df).
Theridion s. Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 63.
Theridion s. Bösenberg, 1902: 97, pl. 8, f. 117 (f, Dm).
Theridion tepidariorum s. Wiehle, 1937: 157.
Theridion tepidariorum s. Denis, 1944c: 111, f. 3, 6 (m).
Achaearanea s. Martin, 1972: 276 (elevated to species).
Achaearanea s. Locket & L 08uczak, 1974: 267, f. 1B (f).
Achaearanea s. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 52, f. 29B (f).
Achaearanea s. Martin, 1974b: 251, f. 1b, pl. I, f. 2, pl. II, f. 5, 7 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum s. Palmgren, 1974b: 31, f. 7.9-10 (f).
Achaearanea s. Punda, 1975b: 59, f. 121-122 (f).
Achaearanea tepidariorum s. Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 81b (mf).
Achaearanea s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 754 (mf).
Achaearanea s. Knoflach, 1991: 61, f. 12, 17 (m).
Achaearanea s. Roberts, 1995: 279, f. (mf).
Achaearanea s. Roberts, 1998: 293, f. (mf).
Achaearanea s. Yoshida, 2000b: 148, f. 37-42 (mf).
Achaearanea s. Namkung, 2002: 84, f. 13.2a-c (mf).
Achaearanea s. Yoshida, 2003a: 111, f. 283-288 (mf).
Achaearanea s. Namkung, 2003: 86, f. 13.2a-c (mf).
Achaearanea s. Almquist, 2005: 53, f. 80a-f (mf).
P. s. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. s. van Helsdingen, 2008a: 17 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. s. Yoshida, 2009b: 380, f. 236-237 (mf).

mf songi (Zhu, 1998)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006865]
Achaearanea s. Zhu, 1998: 104, f. 62A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 42E-F, I-J (mf).
P. s. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 75, f. 39A-E (mf).
Achaearanea s. Yin et al., 2012: 270, f. 93a-c (f).

mf subtabulata (Zhu, 1998)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006866]
Achaearanea nipponica Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 172, f. 1-2 (m, misidentified).
Achaearanea s. Zhu, 1998: 111, f. 67A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 42G-H, M-N (mf).
Achaearanea s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 94, f. 44A-E (mf).
P. s. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

mf subvexa (Zhu, 1998)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006867]
Achaearanea s. Zhu, 1998: 102, f. 61A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 43A-B, G-H (mf).
P. s. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

mf tabulata (Levi, 1980)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006868]
Achaearanea t. Levi, 1980b: 334, f. 1-2 (Df).
Achaearanea nipponica Yoshida, 1983b: 38, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
Achaearanea nipponica Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.3 (mf).
Achaearanea nipponica Paik, 1986b: 4, f. 1-5 (m).
Achaearanea t. Moritz, Levi & Pfüller, 1988: 361, f. 1-3 (f, Sm).
Achaearanea t. Yoshida, 1989b: 317, f. 4N-O (mf).
Achaearanea t. Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 3 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Knoflach, 1991: 59, f. 1-10, 14-15 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Dimitrov, 1994: 77, f. 1, 3 (m).
Achaearanea t. Gromov, 1997: 31, f. 1-5 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Zhu, 1998: 112, f. 68A-E (mf).
Achaearanea t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 43C-D, I-J (mf).
Achaearanea t. Yoshida, 2000b: 145, f. 24-27 (mf).
A. nipponica Yoo & Kim, 2002: 26, f. 23 (m).
Achaearanea t. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 29, f. 67-68 (m).
Achaearanea t. Namkung, 2002: 86, f. 13.4a-b (mf).
Achaearanea t. Kim & Cho, 2002: 299, f. 763-768 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Yoshida, 2003a: 107, f. 270-273, 532, 541, 578 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 213, f. 2381-2382 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Namkung, 2003: 88, f. 13.4a-b (mf).
Achaearanea t. Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 368, f. 119 (m).
P. t. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
P. t. Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 248-249 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Le Peru, 2011: 434, f. 653 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 76, f. 40A-E (mf).
Achaearanea t. Yin et al., 2012: 270, f. 94a-f (mf).

mf tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841) *....................Cosmopolitan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006870]
Theridion t. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 75, f. 646-648 (Dmf).
Theridion pallidum Walckenaer, 1841: 321 (Df).
Theridion vulgare Hentz, 1850: 271, pl. 9, f. 1 (Df).
Steatoda t. Thorell, 1856: 108.
Theridion t. Blackwall, 1864a: 180, pl. 13, f. 114 (mf).
Theridion marmoreum Holmberg, 1876: 14 (Df).
Theridion t. Emerton, 1882: 13, pl. 2, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion tepidatorium Keyserling, 1884a: 9, pl. 1, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion varium Urquhart, 1886: 187, pl. 6, f. 3 (Dmf).
Theridion t. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 38 (mf).
Theridion t. Simon, 1894a: 536, f. 545 (m).
Theridion t. Becker, 1896: 97, pl. 20, f. 3 (mf).
Theridion t. Tullgren, 1901a: 5, pl. 1, f. 1 (f).
Theridion t. Bösenberg, 1902: 96, pl. 8, f. 115 (mf).
Steatoda t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 382, pl. 36, f. 1-2 (mf).
Theridion t. Emerton, 1902: 111, f. 256-260 (mf).
Theridion t. Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 561, pl. 14, f. 24 (m).
Theridion t. Engelhardt, 1910: 68, f. 21-23 (f).
Theridion t. Simon, 1914a: 260, 296, f. 518 (mf).
Theridion t. Saito, 1933b: 42, pl. 2, f. 9.
Theridion t. Wiehle, 1937: 155, f. 91-94 (mf).
Theridion t. Comstock, 1940: 360, f. 342-343 (mf).
Theridion t. Nakatsudi, 1942a: 301, f. 30 (m).
Theridion t. Muma, 1943: 67, pl. XIII, f. 5-6 (mf).
Theridion t. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 55 (S).
Theridion t. Denis, 1944c: 111, f. 2, 5 (m).
P. t. Archer, 1946: 38 (Tmf from Theridion)
Theridion t. Kaston, 1948: 103, f. 155-161 (mf).
Theridion t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 63, f. 43D, F (mf).
Achaearanea t. Levi, 1955a: 32, f. 69-70, 83-84 (mf).
Theridion t. Saito, 1959: 72, f. 71a-j (mf).
Achaearanea t. Abalos & Báez, 1963: 203, f. 16-19, 29-30 (mf).
Theridion t. Lee, 1966: 28, f. 6e-h (mf).
Achaearanea t. Abalos, 1967: 273, f. 12A (f).
Achaearanea t. Levi, 1967c: 178, f. 9-11 (mf).
Theridium t. Azheganova, 1968: 60, f. 116-117 (mf).
Theridium t. Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 408, 432 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Miller, 1971: 192, pl. XXXIV, f. 22, pl. XXXV, f. 1 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Locket & L 08/uczak, 1974: 267, f. 1A, 2A, 5 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Martin, 1974b: 251, f. 1a, pl. I, f. 1, pl. II, f. 4, 6 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Palmgren, 1974b: 31, f. 7.11 (m).
Achaearanea t. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 52, f. 29A (f).
Achaearanea t. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 36, f. 52, 55 (m).
Achaearanea t. Chrysanthus, 1975: 45, f. 168 (f).
Achaearanea t. Wozny, 1976: 217, f. 5b (f).
Theridion t. Song, 1980: 138, f. 74a-e (mf).
Achaearanea t. Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 52, 55 (m).
Achaearanea t. Heimer, 1982: 41, f. 6 (m).
Achaearanea t. Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 34, f. 5B (m).
Theridion t. Hu, 1984: 173, f. 181.1-2 (f).
Achaearanea t. Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 52, 55 (m).
Achaearanea t. Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 81a (mf).
Theridion t. Guo, 1985: 99, f. 2-43.1-3 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Zhu et al., 1985: 98, f. 84a-d (mf).
Achaearanea t. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.1 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Song, 1987: 119, f. 80 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Zhang, 1987: 104, f. 84.1-4 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 1 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Hu & Wu, 1989: 118, f. 91.1-3 (mf).
Theridium t. Izmailova, 1989: 96, f. 75 (f).
Achaearanea t. Feng, 1990: 112, f. 87.1-4 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Chen & Gao, 1990: 90, f. 113a-b (mf).
Achaearanea t. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 139, f. 131.1-3 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 753 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Knoflach, 1991: 61, f. 13, 18-19 (m).
Achaearanea t. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 853, f. 2A-B (mf).
Achaearanea t. Zhao, 1993: 203, f. 94a-d (mf).
Achaearanea t. Roth, 1994: 183, f. 55 (m).
Achaearanea t. Dimitrov, 1994: 77, f. 2, 4 (m).
Achaearanea t. Roberts, 1995: 279, f. (mf).
Achaearanea t. Agnarsson, 1996: 52, f. 35A-B (mf).
Theridium t. Mcheidze, 1997: 193, f. 393-393 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1706, f. 4a-b (mf).
Achaearanea t. Zhu, 1998: 105, f. 63A-E (mf).
Achaearanea t. Roberts, 1998: 293, f. (mf).
Achaearanea t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 12F, 43E-F, K-L (mf).
Achaearanea t. Yoshida, 2000b: 146, f. 28-31 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Hu, 2001: 556, f. 374.1-3 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 95, f. 45A-E (mf).
Achaearanea t. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 26, f. 21 (m).
Achaearanea t. Namkung, 2002: 82, f. 13.1a-c (mf).
Achaearanea t. Kim & Cho, 2002: 299, f. 769-774 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Yoshida, 2003a: 109, f. 274-277, 542, 579 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 213, f. 2383-2384 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Namkung, 2003: 84, f. 13.1a-c (mf).
Achaearanea t. Guryanova, 2003: 5, f. 2 (f).
Achaearanea t. Knoflach, 2004: 218, f. 60g (m).
Achaearanea t. Agnarsson, 2004: 626, f. 10A-F, 11A-F (m).
Achaearanea t. Almquist, 2005: 54, f. 81a-i (mf).
Achaearanea t. Agnarsson, 2006b: 583, f. 56D (m).
P. t. Saaristo, 2006: 70, f. 60-63 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea t. Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 366, f. 109 (m).
P. t. Yoshida, 2009b: 380, f. 232-233 (mf).
P. t. Paquin, Vink & Dupérré, 2010: 62, f. 34.11-12 (mf).
P. t. Saaristo, 2010: 261, f. 37.102-106 (mf).
P. t. Wunderlich, 2011: 236, f. 98 (m).
Achaearanea t. Le Peru, 2011: 434, f. 654 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 77, f. 41A-E (mf).
P. t. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 853, f. 140E (m).
Achaearanea t. Yin et al., 2012: 273, f. 95a-e, 3-13b-c (mf).

f tepidariorum australis (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006871]
Theridium t. australe Thorell, 1895: 95 (Df).

mf tesselata (Keyserling, 1884)....................Mexico to Paraguay, New Guinea, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006872]
Theridion tesselatum Keyserling, 1884a: 40, pl. 2, f. 27 (Df).
Theridion picadoi Banks, 1909a: 204 (D).
Theridion tesselatum Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 195, f. 40-41 (f).
Theridion tesselatum Kraus, 1955b: 16, f. 30 (f).
Achaearanea terex Levi, 1959b: 74, f. 52 (Dm).
Achaearanea t. Levi, 1959b: 76, f. 70-71 (Tf from Theridion).
Achaearanea picadoi Levi, 1959b: 76, f. 57-60 (Tf from Theridion).
Achaearanea t. Levi, 1963b: 232 (S).
Achaearanea mundula Chrysanthus, 1963: 741 (S, rejected).
Achaearanea t. Levi, 1967c: 179, f. 15-19 (mf).
Achaearanea t. Darchen & Ledoux, 1978: 126, f. 4d-e (mf, may be senior S of Achaearanea disparata).
P. t. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

mf transipora (Zhu & Zhang, 1992)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006875]
Theridion transiporum Zhu & Zhang, 1992: 27, f. 7A-C (Df).
Achaearanea t. Zhu, 1998: 91, f. 52A-E (Tf from Theridion, Dm; N.B.: m may belong to P. cingulata, per Yin et al., 2012: 252).
Achaearanea t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 44A-D (mf).
P. t. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

mf triangula (Yoshida, 1993)....................Singapore, Java, Bali [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006877]
Achaearanea t. Yoshida, 1993b: 10, f. 4-10 (Dmf).
P. t. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

f valoka (Chrysanthus, 1975)....................New Guinea, New Britain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006883]
Achaearanea v. Chrysanthus, 1975: 47, f. 172-173 (Df).
Achaearanea v. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 109, f. 11-13 (f).
P. v. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).

f vervoorti (Chrysanthus, 1975)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006885]
Achaearanea v. Chrysanthus, 1975: 45, f. 169-171 (Df).
Achaearanea v. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 109, f. 8-10, 26 (f, Dm).
P. v. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).

mf wangi Jin & Zhang, 2013....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046298]
P. w. Jin & Zhang, 2013c: 520, f. 1-11 (Dmf).

mf wau (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006887]
Achaearanea w. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 110, f. 14-19 (Dmf).
Achaearanea w. Agnarsson, 2004: 527, f. 12A-G (mf).
P. w. Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).