The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: LYCOSIDAE

Gen. Pardosa C. L. Koch, 1847 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01645]

N.B.: type species Lycosa alacris C. L. Koch, 1833 (per ICZN Opinion 2049; see Kronestedt, Dondale & Zyuzin, 2002); considered a senior synonym of Pardosops Roewer, 1955a: 756, type Lycosa pontica Thorell, 1875, by Tongiorgi, 1966b: 351, of Acroniops Simon, 1898 by Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 347, and of Chorilycosa Roewer, 1960d: 947, type Lycosa arorai Dyal, 1935, by Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 382 (through synonymy of type species); not a senior synonym of Acantholycosa Dahl, 1908 (Buchar & Thaler, 1993: 328, contra Wunderlich, 1984a: 24).

Transferred to other genera:
P. abacata Karsch, 1881 -- see Evippa.
P. aborigenica (Zyuzin & Marusik, 1988) -- see Acantholycosa.
P. accurata Becker, 1886 -- see Lycosa.
P. adumbrata (Urquhart, 1887) -- see Anoteropsis.
P. aerescens (Goyen, 1887) -- see Anoteropsis.
P. altaica (Savelyeva, 1972) -- see Acantholycosa.
P. armillata Schenkel, 1936 -- see Wadicosa.
P. atalanta L. Koch, 1879 -- see Acantholycosa.
P. atropalpis Gravely, 1924 -- see Draposa.
P. aurantiaca (Emerton, 1885) -- see Trabeops.
P. bellicosa (Goyen, 1888) -- see Notocosa.
P. biarmillatana Strand, 1942 -- see Wadicosa.
P. bidentigera (Strand, 1906) -- see Trabeops.
P. canescens (Goyen, 1887) -- see Anoteropsis.
P. carmichaeli (Gravely, 1924) -- see Lycosa.
P. cornuta Saito, 1939 -- see Alopecosa.
P. daisetsuzana (Saito, 1934) -- see Arctosa.
P. daniloi Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 -- see Venatrix.
P. eyrei Hickman, 1944 -- see Tetralycosa.
P. hawakana Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 -- see Venatrix.
P. fidelis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) -- see Wadicosa.
P. foveata (Odenwall, 1901) -- see Acantholycosa.
P. foveolata Purcell, 1903 -- see Foveosa.
P. galerita (L. Koch, 1875) -- see Wadicosa.
P. goyeni (Roewer, 1951) -- see Anoteropsis.
P. houssabeni Roewer, 1959 -- see Foveosa.
P. humphreysi McKay, 1985 -- see Dingosa.
P. indistinctepicta (Strand, 1907) -- see Wadicosa.
P. joerandae (Strand, 1917) -- see Lycosa.
P. kraepelini Roewer, 1959 -- see Wadicosa.
P. laetabunda (Spassky, 1941) -- see Zyuzicosa.
P. lahorensis Dyal, 1935 -- see Draposa.
P. leucopalpis Gravely, 1924 -- see Draposa.
P. lignaria (Clerck, 1757) -- see Acantholycosa.
P. lusisi Sternbergs, 1981 -- see Alopecosa.
P. lyrivulva (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Draposa.
P. mackenziei (Gravely, 1924) -- see Lycosa.
P. magkasalubonga Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 -- see Venatrix.
P. moulmeinensis (Gravely, 1924) -- see Lycosa.
P. mulani Dyal, 1935 -- see Arctosa.
P. nemurensis (Strand, 1907) -- see Alopecosa.
P. nicobarica (Thorell, 1891) -- see Draposa.
P. norvegica (Thorell, 1872) -- see Acantholycosa.
P. oakleyi Gravely, 1924 -- see Draposa.
P. obturata (Lawrence, 1928) -- see Allocosa.
P. okinawensis Tanaka, 1985 -- see Wadicosa.
P. pararmillata Schenkel, 1963 -- see Wadicosa.
P. pedestris Simon, 1876 -- see Acantholycosa.
P. porpaensis Gajbe, 2004 -- see Draposa.
P. praepes Simon, 1885 -- see Passiena.
P. praevelox Simon, 1909 -- see Dingosa.
P. pseudoferruginea Schenkel, 1936 -- see Mongolicosa.
P. pyrenaea Simon, 1876 -- see Pyrenecosa.
P. quadrifer (Gravely, 1924) -- see Wadicosa.
P. rupicola (Dufour, 1820) -- see Pyrenecosa.
P. sacayi Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 -- see Venatrix.
P. serrata (L. Koch, 1877) -- see Dingosa.
P. seychellensis Bristowe, 1973 -- see Bristowiella.
P. shansia Hogg, 1912 -- see Lycosa.
P. sibirica (Kulczyn'ski, 1908) -- see Sibirocosa.
P. sjostedti (Lessert, 1926) -- see Allocosa.
P. spilota Pocock, 1903 -- see Wadicosa.
P. solituda Levi & Levi, 1951 -- see Acantholycosa.
P. sterneri Marusik, 1993 -- see Acantholycosa.
P. subhadrae Patel & Reddy, 1993 -- see Draposa.
P. subsolana (Kulczyn'ski, 1907) -- see Sibirocosa.
P. taylori (Goyen, 1887) -- see Anoteropsis.
P. tenasserimensis (Thorell, 1895) -- see Draposa.
P. triangulata (Yu & Song, 1988) -- see Acantholycosa.
P. tricuspidata Tullgren, 1905 -- see Agelenocosa.
P. venatrix (Lucas, 1846) -- see Wadicosa.
P. versicolor L. Koch, 1877 -- see Artoria.
P. vicaria L. Koch, 1877 -- see Anoteropsis.
P. virgatella (Roewer, 1951) -- see Anoteropsis.
P. zhanjiangensis Yin et al., 1995 -- see Draposa.

In synonymy:
P. agraria Tanaka, 1985 = P. laura Karsch, 1879 (Yin et al., 1997c: 182).
P. agrestis pseudagricola (Dahl, 1908) = P. agrestis (Westring, 1861) (Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 336).
P. agrestis pseudomonticola Simon, 1937 = P. agrestis (Westring, 1861) (Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 336).
P. agricola maritima (Hull, 1911) = P. agricola (Thorell, 1856) (Clark, in Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 32).
P. albigena Schenkel, 1936 = P. bifasciata (C. L. Koch, 1834) (Hu & Wu, 1989: 211).
P. albimontis (Strand, 1908, removed from S of P. modica) = P. hyperborea (Thorell, 1872) (Kronestedt, 1981: 117).
P. albiventris Denis, 1964 = P. acorensis Simon, 1883 (Wunderlich, 1992a: 465).
P. amnicola (L. Koch, 1870) = P. agrestis (Westring, 1861) (Loksa, 1972: 21).
P. annandalei (Gravely, 1924) = P. pseudoannulata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yu & Song, 1988c: 116).
P. anneae (Strand, 1916) = P. morosa (L. Koch, 1870) (Buchar & Polenec, 1974: 83).
P. annulata (Thorell, 1872) = P. hortensis (Thorell, 1872) (Yaginuma, 1970d: 667).
P. aomorensis (Saito, 1939, T from Avicosa=Schizocosa) = P. astrigera L. Koch, 1878 (Tanaka, 1974a: 42, sub P. t-insignita).
P. arorai (Dyal, 1935) = P. sumatrana (Thorell, 1890) (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 382).
P. arenicola (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875) = P. agricola (Thorell, 1856) (Clark, in Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 32).
P. bargusinensis Sternbergs, 1979 = P. sodalis Holm, 1970 (Kronestedt, 1986a: 230).
P. barndti Wunderlich, 1969 = P. lugubris (Walckenaer, 1802) (Wunderlich, 1984c: 2).
P. berndti (Strand, 1913, T from Avicosa=Schizocosa) = P. injucunda (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 82).
P. bhatnagari Sadana, 1971 = P. birmanica Simon, 1884 (Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 329).
P. bulgarica Buchar, 1968 = P. roscai (Roewer, 1951) (Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 90, sub P. cribrata roscai).
P. buttneri Schenkel, 1963 = P. nebulosa (Thorell, 1872) (Zhu, 1983: 75, sub P. tschekiangensis).
P. canariensis Schmidt, 1982 = P. proxima (C. L. Koch, 1847) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 258).
P. caraiensis Mcheidze, 1946 = P. pontica (Thorell, 1875) (Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000: 316).
P. carnifex (Collett, 1875) = P. trailli (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873) (Kronestedt, 2004: 283, contra Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 8).
P. cascadae Schenkel, 1951 = P. sinistra (Thorell, 1877) (Kronestedt, 1981: 121).
P. celeris (Thorell, 1875) = P. nigra (C. L. Koch, 1834) (Tongiorgi, 1966a: 289).
P. chaffanjoni Schenkel, 1963 = P. mongolica Kulczyn'ski, 1901 (Song, Yu & Shang, 1981: 86).
P. chengta (Fox, 1935, T from Arkalosula=Arctosa) = P. sumatrana (Thorell, 1890) (Chen & Gao, 1990: 129).
P. chionophila L. Koch, 1879 = P. taczanowskii (Thorell, 1875) (Kronestedt, 2013: 56).
P. cinereofusca (Dönitz & Strand, 1906) = P. astrigera L. Koch, 1878 (Tanaka, 1993c: 160).
P. cinnameovittata (Schenkel, 1963, T from Lycosa) = P. pseudoannulata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yu & Song, 1988c: 116).
P. circumcincta (Collett, 1875) = P. hyperborea (Thorell, 1872) (Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 8, sub P. saltuaria h.).
P. crucifera Schenkel, 1963 = P. falcata Schenkel, 1963 (Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003a: 46).
P. cursoria (C. L. Koch, 1847, removed from S of P. monticola) = P. riparia (C. L. Koch, 1833) (Tanaka, 1993d: 173).
P. daqingshanica Tang, Urita & Song, 1994 = P. paratesquorum Schenkel, 1963 (Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011: 28).
P. davidi Schenkel, 1963 = P. sumatrana (Thorell, 1890) (Chen & Gao, 1990: 129, contra Hu & Wu, 1989: 218, who placed P. davidi as a junior S of P. nebulosa instead).
P. delicata Gertsch, 1934 = P. hamifera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902 (Dondale & Redner, 1984: 79).
P. disjuncta (Jackson, 1933) = P. albomaculata Emerton, 1885 (Kronestedt, 1975a: 218).
P. diversa Tanaka, 1985 = P. laura Karsch, 1879 (Yin et al., 1997c: 182).
P. doenitzi (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) = P. pseudoannulata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yaginuma, 1960: 84, sub Lycosa).
P. dromaea (Thorell, 1878) = P. groenlandica (Thorell, 1872) (Slowik & Sikes, 2013: 333).
P. dukouensis Qiu & Wang, 1992 = P. multivaga Simon, 1880 (Chen & Song, 2004: 407).
P. ehrenfriedi Brignoli, 1983 = P. algoides Schenkel, 1963 (Yu & Song, 1988c: 115).
P. eiseni luciae Tongiorgi, 1966 = P. uintana Gertsch, 1933 (Kronestedt, 2004: 283, contra Wunderlich, 1984b: 437).
P. entzii (Chyzer, 1891) = P. luctinosa Simon, 1876 (Tongiorgi, 1964: 244).
P. esperanzae Schmidt, 1975 = P. proxima (C. L. Koch, 1847) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 466).
P. fervida Simon, 1876 = P. prativaga (L. Koch, 1870) (Tongiorgi, 1966a: 300).
P. festinans (Herman, 1879) = P. profuga (Herman, 1879) (Chyzer, 1892: 101, S omitted by Roewer).
P. ganzania Roewer, 1959 = P. injucunda (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 82).
P. georgiae Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944 = P. pauxilla Montgomery, 1904 (Dondale & Redner, 1984: 94).
P. gertschi Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947 = P. podhorskii (Kulczyn'ski, 1907) (Holm, 1970: 203).
P. guernei Simon, 1887 = P. lasciva L. Koch, 1879 (Holm, 1973: 101).
P. hamigerens (Roewer, 1959, T from Dingosa) = P. lusingana Roewer, 1959 (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 91).
P. hanrasanensis Jo & Paik, 1984 = P. bifasciata (C. L. Koch, 1834) (Yin et al., 1997c: 172).
P. harperi Bishop, 1949 = P. lapponica (Thorell, 1872) (Dondale & Redner, 1986: 823).
P. herbigrada (Blackwall, 1857) = P. palustris (Linnaeus, 1758) (Wiebes, 1959: 44).
P. hopi Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = P. falcifera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902 (Vogel, 1970: 15).
P. hotingchiehi (Schenkel, 1963, T from Lycosa) = P. pusiola (Thorell, 1891) (Yu & Song, 1988c: 114).
P. hummeli Schenkel, 1936 = P. mongolica Kulczyn'ski, 1901 (Song, Yu & Shang, 1981: 86).
P. hyperborea pusilla (Thorell, 1872) = P. hyperborea (Thorell, 1872) (Wunderlich, 1984b: 428, after Tambs-Lyche, 1940).
P. impavidula (Roewer, 1954) = P. xerampelina (Keyserling, 1877) (Dondale & Redner, 1986: 821).
P. incilis (Odenwall, 1901) = P. mongolica Kulczyn'ski, 1901 (Zyuzin, 1979a: 444, sub P. ricta).
P. innominabilis (Dönitz & Strand, 1906) = P. pseudoannulata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Tanaka, 1993a: 303).
P. intermixta (Schenkel, 1936, T from Avicosa=Schizocosa) = P. chapini (Fox, 1935) (Yu & Song, 1988c: 115).
P. irrasa Roewer, 1959 = P. oncka Lawrence, 1927 (Kronestedt, 1987: 968).
P. ituria (Strand, 1913) = P. injucunda (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 82).
P. johanseni Gertsch, 1933 = P. algens (Kulczyn'ski, 1908) (Kronestedt, 1986a: 216).
P. kervillei Simon, 1937 = P. riparia (C. L. Koch, 1833) (Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 424).
P. kervillei montivaga (Kulczyn'ski, 1898) = P. fulvipes (Collett, 1875) (Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 419, contra Tongiorgi, 1966a: 299).
P. kisokwea Roewer, 1959 = P. oncka Lawrence, 1927 (Kronestedt, 1987: 968).
P. koreana Jo & Paik, 1984 = P. lyrifera Schenkel, 1936 (Yu & Song, 1988c: 113).
P. ladakhensis Tikader, 1977 = P. algoides Schenkel, 1963 (Yu & Song, 1988c: 115).
P. lengi Gertsch, 1933 = P. labradorensis (Thorell, 1875) (Kronestedt, 1981: 119).
P. licenti Schenkel, 1953 = P. mongolica Kulczyn'ski, 1901 (Yu & Song, 1988c: 116).
P. longipedis (Saito, 1939) = P. laura Karsch, 1879 (Yaginuma, 1986a: 163).
P. longispinata Tullgren, 1901 = P. littoralis Banks, 1896 (Dondale & Redner, 1984: 91).
P. longivulvula Roewer, 1951 = P. longivulva F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902 (Dondale & Redner, 1984: 100).
P. luciae Tongiorgi, 1966 = P. uintana Gertsch, 1933 (Kronestedt, 2004: 283, contra Wunderlich, 1984b: 437).
P. lusingensis (Roewer, 1959, T from Dingosa) = P. lusingana Roewer, 1959 (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 91).
P. metlakatloides Schenkel, 1951 = P. mackenziana (Keyserling, 1877) (Lowrie & Dondale, 1981: 134).
P. micheli Simon, 1901 = P. naevia (L. Koch, 1875) (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 78).
P. modica brunnea Emerton, 1885 = P. modica (Blackwall, 1846) (Kronestedt, 1981: 114).
P. nebraska Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = P. groenlandica (Thorell, 1872) (Thorell, 1878) (Dondale & Redner, 1990: 209, sub P. dromea).
P. nigripalpis (Giltay, 1932, T from Acantholycosa) = P. morosa (L. Koch, 1870) (Buchar & Polenec, 1974: 83).
P. nigristernis Denis, 1966 = P. gefsana Roewer, 1959 (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 89).
P. nigropalpis Emerton, 1885 = P. milvina (Hentz, 1844) (Dondale & Redner, 1984: 97, after Chamberlin, 1908).
P. palavulva Song, 1982 = P. kupupa (Tikader, 1970) (Yu & Song, 1988c: 116).
P. palitans Simon, 1876 = P. vittata (Keyserling, 1863) (Tongiorgi, 1966a: 292).
P. palus (Dönitz & Strand, 1906, removed from S of P. sumatrana) = P. laura Karsch, 1879 (Tanaka, 1993a: 268.
P. pannonica (Kolosváry, 1934) = P. cribrata Simon, 1876 (Loksa, 1972: 15).
P. pelengea Roewer, 1959 = P. injucunda (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 82).
P. peninsulana Banks, 1898 (removed from S of P. sternalis) = P. ramulosa (McCook, 1894) (Vogel, 1970: 12).
P. pernix (Thorell, 1872) = P. riparia (C. L. Koch, 1833) (Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 424).
P. phila (Dönitz & Strand, 1906, T from Lycosa) = P. astrigera L. Koch, 1878 (Tanaka, 1993c: 160).
P. platta Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = P. saxatilis (Hentz, 1844) (Dondale & Redner, 1984: 87).
P. postuma (O. P.-Cambridge, 1905) = P. amentata (Clerck, 1757) (Bristowe, 1941: 525, sub Lycosa saccata, S omitted by Roewer).
P. potteri Simon, 1901 = P. naevia (L. Koch, 1875) (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 78).
P. pristina Fox, 1937 = P. ontariensis Gertsch, 1933 (Dondale & Redner, 1986: 818).
P. prosaica Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947 = P. groenlandica (Thorell, 1872) (Slowik & Sikes, 2013: 333).
P. proxima kitabensis Charitonov, 1969 = P. italica Tongiorgi, 1966 (Zyuzin, 1979a: 444).
P. proxima tenuipes (Dahl, 1908) = P. proxima (C. L. Koch, 1847) (Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 122).
P. pseudochionophila Schenkel, 1963 = P. astrigera L. Koch, 1878 (Yu & Song, 1988c: 115).
P. pseudolugubris Wunderlich, 1984 = P. alacris (C. L. Koch, 1833) (Töpfer-Hofmann & von Helversen, 1990: 349).
P. pseudoproxima Wunderlich, 1987 = P. proxima (C. L. Koch, 1847) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 466).
P. pseudoterricola (Schenkel, 1936, T from Avicosa=Schizocosa) = P. pseudoannulata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yu & Song, 1988c: 116).
P. resoluta Roewer, 1959 = P. oncka Lawrence, 1927 (Kronestedt, 1987: 968).
P. ricta (Odenwall, 1901) = P. mongolica Kulczyn'ski, 1901 (Zyuzin, 1979a: 444, who gave P. r. priority).
P. rothaka (Tikader, 1970, T from Lycosa) = P. fletcheri (Gravely, 1924) (Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 355).
P. rufa Grese, 1909 = P. septentrionalis (Westring, 1861) (Zyuzin, 1979a: 444).
P. sagibia (Strand, 1918) = P. astrigera L. Koch, 1878 (Tanaka, 1993c: 160).
P. shaanxiensis (Zheng & Qiu, 1980, T from Trochosa) = P. chapini (Fox, 1935) (Zhang, 1987: 164).
P. strigillata Simon, 1876 = P. tatarica (Thorell, 1875) (Zyuzin, 1979a: 444) or P. atomaria (C. L. Koch, 1847) (Buchar & Thaler, 2002: 446).
P. subra Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = P. wasatchensis Gertsch, 1933 (Kronestedt, 1993c: 175).
P. subtarentula (Dönitz & Strand, 1906) = P. pseudoannulata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Tanaka, 1993a: 303).
P. tarsalis ehiki (Kolosváry, 1943, T from Lycosa) = P. palustris (Linnaeus, 1758) (Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 116).
P. tatensis (Tikader, 1964, T from Lycosa) = P. tridentis Caporiacco, 1935 (Buchar, 1976: 213).
P. taxkorgan Song & Haupt, 1995 = P. luctinosa Simon, 1876 (Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331).
P. thaleri Buchar, 1976 = P. bifasciata (C. L. Koch, 1834) (Yu & Song, 1988c: 116).
P. thoracica (Storm, 1898) = P. palustris (Linnaeus, 1758) (Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 8, sub P. tarsalis herbigrada).
P. tikaderi Buchar, 1984 = P. mongolica Kulczyn'ski, 1901 (Yu & Song, 1988c: 116).
P. t-insignita (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) = P. astrigera L. Koch, 1878 (Yu & Song, 1988c: 115).
P. townsendi Gertsch, 1933 = P. algens (Kulczyn'ski, 1908) (Kronestedt, 1986a: 216).
P. trajani (Rosca, 1939) = P. nebulosa (Thorell, 1872) (Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 106).
P. tristis (Thorell, 1877) = P. groenlandica (Thorell, 1872) (Slowik & Sikes, 2013: 333).
P. tristoides Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947 = P. albomaculata Emerton, 1885 (Kronestedt, 1975a: 218).
P. troitskensis Esyunin, 1996 = P. maisa Hippa & Mannila, 1982 (Esyunin, Tuneva & Farzalieva, 2007: 53).
P. umanaki Gertsch, 1933 = P. glacialis (Thorell, 1872) (Dondale & Redner, 1990: 190, after Kronestedt, 1986a: 215).
P. umida Tanaka, 1985 = P. herbosa Jo & Paik, 1984 (Tanaka, 1986a: 21).
P. uncatula F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902 = P. fastosa (Keyserling, 1877) (Dondale & Redner, 1984: 81).
P. varians Gertsch, 1933 = P. podhorskii (Kulczyn'ski, 1907) (Dondale & Redner, 1990: 195).
P. venatica L. Koch, 1882 = P. cribrata Simon, 1876 (Wunderlich, 1984b: 437).
P. versuta Roewer, 1959 = P. oncka Lawrence, 1927 (Kronestedt, 1987: 968).
P. wagleri lagunaris Caporiacco, 1950 = P. luctinosa Simon, 1876 (Tongiorgi, 1964: 246).
P. wittei Roewer, 1959 = P. oncka Lawrence, 1927 (Kronestedt, 1987: 968).
P. xanthippe (Strand, 1916) = P. injucunda (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) (Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 82).

Homonyms replaced:
P. bidentata Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010 -- see P. pseudochapini.
P. dondalei Yu & Song, 1991 -- see P. sichuanensis.
P. plumipes Mello-Leitão, 1942 -- see P. plumipedata.
P. uncata Schenkel, 1963 -- see P. algoides.

Nomina dubia:
P. aeronauta (Contarini, 1847: 441. Italy) -- Tongiorgi, 1966a: 311 (N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
P. chisimensis (Saito, 1932: 102, f. 2, mf, Kurile Is., originally in Lycosa, transferred here by Roewer, 1955c: 161) -- Marusik et al., 1993b: 82, but see Saito, 1959: 48, f. 28a-e (mf), sub Lycosa.
P. feldmanni (Strand, 1907i: 186 f, Cameroon, originally in Lycosa, transferred here by Roewer, 1955c: 179) -- Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 76, but see Roewer, 1959b: 142, f. 77a-b.
P. frigida Simon, 1876a: 353, pl. 13, f. 15, 1937: 1058, 1080, 1125, f, France, Italy -- Tongiorgi, 1966a: 312.
P. obscura Giebel, 1867b: 440 (Switzerland) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1566, sub Lycosa.
P. promptula (O. P.-Cambridge, 1902b: 37, f. 11, f, England, originally in Lycosa, transferred here by Roewer, 1955c: 171) -- Bristowe, 1941: 525.
P. proximella (Strand, 1906b: 678, 1908k: 359, pl. 8, f. 4-5, mf, Central, East Africa, originally in Lycosa, transferred here by Lessert, 1915a: 72, pl. 3, f. 90-91) -- Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 76, but see Roewer, 1959b: 38, f. 4a-f.
P. proximella mbogana Strand, 1916a: 104, f, East Africa, originally in Lycosa, transferred here by Roewer, 1955c: 180) -- see P. proximella.
P. proximella wauana Strand, 1916a: 104, f, East Africa, originally in Lycosa, transferred here by Roewer, 1955c: 180) -- see P. proximella.
P. sabulosa Banks, 1898b: 273, pl. 16, f. 28, f, North America (with superfluous replacement name Lycosa nathani Roewer, 1951: 440) -- Barnes, 1959: 1.
P. x-notata Schenkel, 1936b: 236, f. 78 (j, China) -- Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 335.

Nomina nuda:
P. embriki (Kolosváry, 1937b: 404, f. 3, originally in Lycosa, transferred here by Roewer, 1955c: 162) -- Kolosváry, 1943b: 137.
P. subglacialis C. L. Koch, in Calloni, 1890 -- Tongiorgi, 1966a: 312.

mf abagensis Ovtsharenko, 1979....................Russia, Abkhazia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018494]
P. a. Ovtsharenko, 1979: 46, f. 12-13, 22-23 (Dmf).
P. a. Nadolny & Kovblyuk, 2012: 69, f. 1, 11, 15, 19-20, 23, 27, 31, 33, 39-41 (mf).

mf aciculifera Chen, Song & Li, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037714]
P. a. Chen, Song & Li, 2001: 476, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

mf acorensis Simon, 1883....................Azores [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018495]
P. a. Simon, 1883: 262 (Dmf).
P. a. Roewer, 1959b: 145, f. 79a-c (mf).
P. albiventris Denis, 1964a: 90, f. 10-11 (Df).
P. acoreensis Wunderlich, 1992a: 465 (removed mf from S of P. proxima, contra Loksa, 1972: 17, S).

mf adustella (Roewer, 1951)....................Russia, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018497]
Lycosa adusta Odenwall, 1901: 266, f. 14 (Df; preoccupied by Banks, 1898).
Lycosa a. Roewer, 1951: 438 (replacement name).
P. a. Roewer, 1955c: 156.
Evippa sjöstedti Loksa, 1965: 18, f. 29 (f, misidentified).
Evippa sjostedti Izmailova, 1980: 127, f. 1 (f, misidentified).
P. adusta Izmailova, 1989: 30, f. 13 (f).
P. a. Logunov & Marusik, 1995: 114, f. 34-35 (f, Dm).

mf aenigmatica Tongiorgi, 1966....................Italy, Turkey, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018498]
P. a. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 304, f. 127 (Df).
P. a. Tongiorgi, 1968: 108, pl. II, f. 1-3 (Dm).
P. a. Demircan & Topçu, 2011: 136, f. 3f-g (f).

f afflicta (Holmberg, 1876)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018500]
Lycosa a. Holmberg, 1876: 26 (Df).
P. a. Roewer, 1955c: 186.

mf agrestis (Westring, 1861)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018501]
Lycosa a. Westring, 1861: 480 (Df).
Lycosa decipiens L. Koch, 1870: 33 (Dmf).
Lycosa amnicola L. Koch, 1870: 41 (Dmf).
Lycosa a. Thorell, 1872a: 278, 282 (m).
P. a. Simon, 1876a: 315.
P. amnicola Simon, 1876a: 339.
P. neglecta L. Koch, 1881b: 65, pl. 2, f. 12 (Df).
P. a. Becker, 1882b: 126, pl. 10, f. 2 (mf).
Lycosa decipiens O. P.-Cambridge, 1903: 161, pl. A, f. 2.
Lycosa a. Smith, 1907a: 16, pl. 1, f. 3.
Lycosa a. Dahl, 1908: 377, 436, f. 70 (mf).
Lycosa a. pseudagricola Dahl, 1908: 395 (D).
P. a. Lessert, 1910b: 509, f. 222-223 (mf).
P. a. pseudagricola Lessert, 1910b: 509, f. 224 (f).
Lycosa a. pseudagricola Dahl, 1912b: 582 (Dmf).
Lycosa a. Spassky, 1925: 47, f. 22, 48 (mf).
Lycosa a. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 49, f. 130-132 (mf).
Lycosa a. Reimoser, 1931b: 61, f. 5 (mf).
Lycosa a. Kratochvíl, 1935b: 18, f. 12 (mf).
P. a. Simon, 1937: 1056, 1071, 1127, f. 1628-1629, 1665 (mf).
P. a. pseudomonticola Simon, 1937: 1071, 1127 (Df).
P. a. Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 35, f. 3a-f (f).
Lycosa a. Holm, 1947: 29, f. 13b, pl. 10, f. 30 (mf).
Lycosa a. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 255, f. 122I, 123C, 124A-B, 127C (mf).
Lycosa a. Knülle, 1954a: 72, f. 4a-c, 6 (m).
Lycosa a. Muller, 1955: 163, f. 19 (f).
P. a. Wiebes, 1959b: 39, f. 63 (f).
P. a. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 285, f. 72-74, 95-97, 100-101 (mf).
P. a. Holm, 1968a: 203, f. 31 (m).
P. a. Azheganova, 1971: 16, f. 22 (mf).
P. a. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 73, f. 27a-e (mf).
P. a. Loksa, 1972: 21, f. 15F, 16C, 17B, 18A-B (mf, S).
P. a. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 33, f. 18C (f, S P. purbeckensis, rejected).
P. a. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 5, 37 (mf).
P. a. Zyuzin, 1985b: 158, f. 5, 7-8 (mf).
P. a. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 55c, 57a-b (mf).
P. a. Zhu et al., 1985: 135, f. 119a-e (mf).
P. a. Zhang, 1987: 150, f. 125.1-3 (mf).
P. a. Izmailova, 1989: 30, f. 14 (f).
P. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 864 (mf, S).
P. a. Roberts, 1995: 214, f. (mf).
P. a. Yin et al., 1997c: 222, f. 104a-g (mf).
P. a. Roberts, 1998: 228, f. (mf).
P. a. Pirchegger & Thaler, 1999: 52, f. 13 (m).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 192J, P (mf).
P. a. Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000: 316, f. 43-44 (mf).
P. a. Hu, 2001: 179, f. 82.1-4 (mf).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 244, f. 149A-D (mf).
P. a. Almquist, 2005: 220, f. 218a-f (mf).
P. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 269, f. 193A-D (mf).

mf agrestis purbeckensis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895....................Western, Central Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018502]
P. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895b: 32, pl. 4, f. 1, 4, 7-9 (Dm).
P. p. minor F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895b: 33 (D).
Lycosa plumata Braendegaard, 1925: 9 (Dmf).
Lycosa p. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 258, f. 122J, 123D, 124A-B, 126A-B, 127D (m, Df).
Lycosa p. minor Locket & Millidge, 1951: 258.
Lycosa p. Knülle, 1954a: 72, f. 4a, 5 (m).
P. p. Wiebes, 1959b: 45, f. 65, 69 (mf).
P. p. Pichka, 1966: 773, f. 1 (f).
P. p. Tongiorgi, 1966b: 340, f. 14-15, 21, 25 (mf).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 324, f. 860 (mf, removed from S of P. agrestis, contra Clark, in Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 33).
P. a. p. Alderweireldt & Maelfait, 1993: 13 (reduced to subspecies).
P. p. Pirchegger & Thaler, 1999: 52, f. 14 (m).

mf agricola (Thorell, 1856)....................Europe to Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018503]
Lycosa arenaria C. L. Koch, 1834: 123, pl. 15-16 (Dmf, preoccupied).
Lycosa arenaria C. L. Koch, 1847: 36, f. 1441-1442 (mf).
Lycosa a. Thorell, 1856: 61 (D).
Lycosa fluviatilis Blackwall, 1861a: 31, pl. 2, f. 13 (Dmf).
P. arenaria Ohlert, 1867: 136.
Lycosa a. Thorell, 1872a: 278.
Lycosa arenicola O. P.-Cambridge, 1875e: 253, pl. 8, f. 9 (Dmf).
P. a. Simon, 1876a: 311.
P. arenicola Simon, 1876a: 314.
Lycosa a. Menge, 1879: 541, pl. 88, f. 307 (mf).
Lycosa a. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 55, pl. 2, f. 11 (mf).
Lycosa a. Bösenberg, 1902: 375, pl. 35, f. 548 (mf).
Lycosa arenicola Smith, 1907a: 14, pl. 1, f. 1a-b.
Lycosa a. Smith, 1907a: 15, pl. 1, f. 2.
Lycosa a. Järvi, 1908: 757, f. 7 (f).
Lycosa arenicola Kulczyn'ski, 1909a: 443, pl. 22, f. 10 (m).
Lycosa a. maritima Hull, 1911b: 45 (D).
Lycosa fluviatilis Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 52, f. 139-141 (mf).
Lycosa fluviatilis Reimoser, 1928: 107, f. 6 (mf).
Lycosa a. Kratochvíl, 1935b: 14, 19, f. 7 (mf).
P. arenicola Simon, 1937: 1056, 1074, 1129, f. 1630, 1671 (mf).
P. a. Simon, 1937: 1057, 1070, f. 1631-1632, 1663 (mf).
Lycosa fluviatilis Palmgren, 1939: 55, f. 57, 85 (mf).
Lycosa a. Holm, 1947: 30, f. 13c, pl. 5, f. 50-51, pl. 10, f. 31-32 (mf).
Lycosa arenicola Locket & Millidge, 1951: 252, f. 123A, 125A-B, 127A (mf).
Lycosa a. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 255, f. 123B, 125C-D, 127B (mf).
Lycosa arenicola Knülle, 1954a: 72, f. 2 (m).
P. a. maritima Roewer, 1955c: 157.
Lycosa fluviatilis Muller, 1955: 163, f. 18 (f).
P. arenicola Wiebes, 1959b: 38, f. 68 (m).
P. a. Wiebes, 1959b: 42, f. 39, 60, 64 (f).
Lycosa a. Lehtinen & Kleemola, 1962: 105, f. 4-8 (mf).
P. a. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 284, f. 77-79, 98, 107-108 (mf).
P. arenicola Tongiorgi, 1966a: 311, f. 75-76 (f).
P. arenicola Tongiorgi, 1966b: 344, f. 6-7. 18 (m).
P. fluviatilis Azheganova, 1971: 16, f. 26 (mf).
P. a. Tyschchenko, 1971: 176, f. 503 (f).
P. a. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 75, f. 28a-e (mf).
P. arenicola Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 82, f. 32a-c (f).
P. a. Miller, 1971: 157, pl. XXV, f. 19 (f).
P. a. Loksa, 1972: 21, f. 15D, 16A, 17A, 18C (mf).
P. a. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 31, f. 17 (m, S).
P. a. arenicola Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 39 (m).
P. a. Roberts, 1985: 133, f. 55b, 56 (mf).
P. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 862 (mf).
P. a. Roberts, 1995: 213, f. (mf).
P. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 235, f. 498-499 (f).
P. arenicola Mcheidze, 1997: 236, f. 501-502 (f).
P. a. Roberts, 1998: 227, f. (mf).
P. a. Almquist, 2005: 221, f. 219a-g (mf).
P. arenicola Almquist, 2005: 222, f. 220a-f (mf).

mf agricola borussica (Dahl, 1908)....................Lithuania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018504]
Lycosa fluviatilis b. Dahl, 1908: 376 (Dmf).
P. a. b. Roewer, 1955c: 157.

mf agricola fucicola (Dahl, 1908)....................Finland, Germany [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018505]
Lycosa monticola maritima Dahl, 1883: 67 (Dmf, preoccupied).
Lycosa arenicola f. Dahl, 1908: 375, 435, f. 68 (Dmf).
Lycosa arenicola f. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 51, f. 136-138 (mf).
P. arenicola f. Roewer, 1955c: 159.

mf alacris (C. L. Koch, 1833) *....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018506]
Lycosa a. C. L. Koch, 1833: 120, pl. 17-18 (D).
Lycosa silvicultrix C. L. Koch, 1836a: 25, f. 182-183 (Dmf).
Lycosa a. C. L. Koch, 1847: 39, f. 1443-1444 (Dmf).
P. pseudolugubris Wunderlich, 1984c: 3, f. 1-13 (Dmf).
P. a. Töpfer-Hofmann & von Helversen, 1990: 349 (removed from S of P. lugubris, S).
P. a. Kronestedt, 1992b: 179, f. 1 (m).
P. a. Roberts, 1998: 234, f. (mf).
P. a. Kronestedt, 1999: 3, f. 1b, 3l-p, 5d-e, 6c, 8c (mf).
P. a. Töpfer-Hofmann, Cordes & von Helversen, 2000: 268, f. 24-25 (m).
P. a. Almquist, 2005: 215, f. 214a-f (mf).

f alasaniensis Mcheidze, 1997....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018507]
P. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 238, f. 509-510 (Df).

mf albatula (Roewer, 1951)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018508]
Lycosa albata L. Koch, 1870: 36 (Dmf; preoccupied by Nicolet, 1849).
Lycosa albata Bösenberg, 1902: 376, pl. 35, f. 550 (mf).
Lycosa albata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 56, pl. 2, f. 10 (mf).
Lycosa albata Kratochvíl, 1935b: 18, f. 9 (mf).
Lycosa albata Kolosváry, 1937b: 404, f. 1 (f).
Lycosa a. Roewer, 1951: 438 (replacement name).
Pardosops a. Roewer, 1955c: 196.
P. albata Tongiorgi, 1966a: 288, f. 117-118 (m).
P. albata Buchar, 1968: 120, f. 3N-P (mf).
P. albata Tyschchenko, 1971: 176, f. 501 (f).
P. albata Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 77, f. 29a-f (mf).
P. albata Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 866 (m).

m alboannulata Yin et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018509]
P. a. Yin et al., 1997c: 273, f. 129a-d (Dm).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 192Q (m).

mf albomaculata Emerton, 1885....................USA, Canada, Alaska, Greenland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018510]
P. a. Emerton, 1885: 495, pl. 48, f. 3 (Dmf).
Lycosa disjuncta Jackson, 1933: 146, pl. 1, f. 2-3 (Df).
P. tristoides Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 22, pl. 10, f. 88 (Df).
P. disjuncta Buchar, 1971: 128, f. 2F, I (f, not f. 2J, =P. groenlandica).
P. a. Kronestedt, 1975a: 218, f. 2a, 3a, 4A-a, 5a-f, 7a (removed mf from S of P. groenlandica, S).
P. a. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 203, f. 286-291 (mf).
P. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 161, f. 1779-1782 (mf).
P. a. Vogel, 2004: 85, f. 68, 87 (mf).

mf algens (Kulczyn'ski, 1908)....................Canada, Alaska, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018511]
Lycosa a. Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 93, pl. 3, f. 105, 110-111 (Dmf).
P. johanseni Gertsch, 1933b: 21, f. 39 (Df).
P. townsendi Gertsch, 1933b: 22, f. 26 (Dm).
P. a. Roewer, 1955c: 157.
P. a. Holm, 1970: 201, f. 32-33 (f, Dm; Kulczyn'ski's m=P. lapponica).
P. a. Buchar, 1971: 126, f. 1C, 2K-L (mf).
P. a. Kronestedt, 1986a: 216, f. 2a, 3a, 4A, 4a, 5a-b, 6a-b, 7a-b, 8a, 9a, 10-11, (mf, S).
P. a. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 194, f. 269-273 (mf).
P. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 161, f. 1783-1786 (mf).

m algina (Chamberlin, 1916)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018512]
Lycosa a. Chamberlin, 1916: 287, pl. 24, f. 5-6 (Dm).
P. a. Roewer, 1955c: 186.

mf algoides Schenkel, 1963....................India, Bangladesh, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018513]
P. uncata Schenkel, 1963: 365, f. 211a-b (Dm, preoccupied by Banks, 1894).
P. a. Schenkel, 1963: 367, f. 212-213 (Df).
P. ladakhensis Tikader, 1977d: 144, f. 1-3 (Df).
P. ladakhensis Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 360, f. 225-227 (f).
P. ehrenfriedi Brignoli, 1983c: 452 (replacement name for P. uncata).
P. a. Hu, 1984: 232, f. 239.1-4 (f).
P. ladakhensis Hu & Li, 1987a: 349, f. 23.1-4 (f, Dm).
P. a. Yu & Song, 1988c: 115 (Sm).
P. a. Hu & Wu, 1989: 207, f. 172.1-6 (mf).
P. a. Zhao, 1993: 84, f. 34a-b (f).
P. a. Yin et al., 1997c: 190, f. 87a-c (f).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 192K, R (mf).
P. a. Hu, 2001: 180, f. 83.1-4 (mf).
P. ladakhensis Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 113, f. 19-25 (mf).

f alii Tikader, 1977....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018514]
P. a. Tikader, 1977d: 145, f. 4-6 (Df).
P. a. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 362, f. 228-230 (f).

mf altamontis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1946....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018516]
P. a. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1946: 7, f. 7 (Dmf).
P. a. Vogel, 1970: 10, f. 6-7, 30-31, 38, 48, 52, 80, 82, 87 (mf).
P. a. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 127, f. 128-131 (mf).
P. a. Vogel, 2004: 102, f. 124, 131 (mf).

mf alticola Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992....................Ethiopia, Congo, Rwanda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018517]
P. a. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 93, f. 17-19, 37 (Dmf).

f altitudis Tikader & Malhotra, 1980....................India, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018518]
P. a. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 328, f. 160-162 (Df).
P. a. Hu & Li, 1987b: 291, f. 24.3-4 (f).
P. a. Yin et al., 1997c: 191, f. 88a-g (mf).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 193A, I (f).
P. a. Hu, 2001: 181, f. 84.1-2 (f).

mf amacuzacensis Jiménez, 1983....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018519]
P. a. Jiménez, 1983: 154, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

f amamiensis (Nakatsudi, 1943)....................Ryukyu Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018520]
Lycosa a. Nakatsudi, 1943b: 187, f. 4A-B (Df).
Lycosa amamiana Brignoli, 1983c: 448 (lapsus).
Lycosa a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 161, f. 89.4 (f).
P. a. Tanaka, 1993a: 309 (Tf from Lycosa).

mf amazonia (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018521]
Lycosa a. Thorell, 1895: 236 (Dmf).
P. a. Roewer, 1955c: 182.

mf amentata (Clerck, 1757)....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018522]
Araneus amentatus Clerck, 1757: 96, pl. 4, f. 8 (Dmf).
Araneus fumigatus Clerck, 1757: 104, pl. 5, f. 6 (Df).
Aranea fumigata Linnaeus, 1758: 621.
Aranea saccata Linnaeus, 1758: 623 (D).
Aranea lyonetti Scopoli, 1763: 403 (D).
Aranea littoralis De Geer, 1778: 274, pl. 15, f. 17-24 (D).
Aranea littoralis Olivier, 1789: 216 (D).
Aranea a. Olivier, 1789: 218.
Lycosa a. Sundevall, 1833a: 177.
Lycosa saccata Hahn, 1833a: 108, f. 81 (Dmf).
Lycosa paludicola C. L. Koch, 1834: 123, pl. 2, f. 3 (Dmf).
Lycosa paludicola C. L. Koch, 1847: 10, f. 1421-1422 (mf).
Leimonia paludicola C. L. Koch, 1850: 35.
Lycosa a. Thorell, 1856: 60.
Lycosa fumigata Thorell, 1856: 65.
Lycosa saccata Blackwall, 1861a: 26, pl. 2, f. 9 (mf).
Leimonia fumigata Simon, 1864: 351.
Lycosa pullata Giebel, 1869c: 304.
Lycosa a. Thorell, 1872a: 298.
P. a. Simon, 1876a: 341.
Lycosa a. Menge, 1879: 539, pl. 87, f. 305 (mf).
Pirata knorri Becker, 1882b: 118, pl. 9, f. 6a (m, misidentified, not f).
Pirata hygrophilus Becker, 1882b: 120, pl. 9, f. 7b (m, misidentified, not f).
P. a. Becker, 1882b: 140, pl. 11, f. 3 (mf).
Lycosa a. Hansen, 1882: 71, pl. 5, f. 1 (mf).
Lycosa a. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 58, pl. 2, f. 8 (mf).
Lycosa a. Bösenberg, 1902: 378, pl. 35, f. 552 (mf).
Trochosa postuma O. P.-Cambridge, 1905: 55, 71 (Df).
Lycosa saccata Dahl, 1908: 382, 401, f. 78 (mf).
Lycosa a. Järvi, 1908: 757, f. 12 (f).
Lycosa postuma O. P.-Cambridge, 1912b: 92, pl. A (f).
Lycosa saccata Fedotov, 1912a: 114, f. 60-61 (mf).
Lycosa a. Osterloh, 1922: 350, f. 12-16, 21-22, 24, 27, 31-34 (mf).
Lycosa saccata Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 41, f. 108-110 (mf).
Lycosa saccata Giltay, 1932: 45, f. 12 (f).
Lycosa saccata Reimoser, 1932: 63, f. 10 (mf).
P. a. Simon, 1937: 1066, 1082, 1125, f. 1651, 1683 (mf).
Lycosa saccata Palmgren, 1939: 44, f. 48, 63, 77 (mf).
Lycosa saccata Bristowe, 1941: 525 (S).
Lycosa saccata Holm, 1947: 34, pl. 6, f. 66-67, pl. 10, f. 40 (mf).
Lycosa a. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 264, f. 129A-B, G (mf)
Lycosa saccata Muller, 1955: 162, f. 12, 24 (mf).
Pardosa postuma Roewer, 1955c: 170.
P. a. Wiebes, 1959b: 50, f. 73, 75, 85, 102 (mf).
Lycosa a. Lehtinen & Kleemola, 1962: 108, f. 11 (f).
P. a. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 297, f. 60-63 (mf).
P. a. Azheganova, 1971: 17, f. 31 (mf).
P. a. Tyschchenko, 1971: 175, f. 490, 513 (mf).
P. a. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 80, f. 7, 18, 31a-e (mf).
P. a. Miller, 1971: 159, pl. XXV, f. 5-6 (mf).
P. a. Loksa, 1972: 12, f. 9A-D, 21D, 23A-D (mf).
P. a. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 2 (f).
P. a. Wunderlich, 1984c: 1, f. 33 (m).
P. a. Zyuzin, 1985b: 158, f. 3 (m).
P. a. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 58d (mf).
P. a. Beaumont, 1991: 4, f. 1 (m).
P. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 330, f. 883 (mf).
P. a. Roberts, 1995: 218, f. (mf).
P. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 232, f. 481-482 (mf).
P. a. Bellmann, 1997: 144, f. (f).
P. a. Roberts, 1998: 231, f. (mf).
P. a. Almquist, 2005: 209, f. 209a-f (mf).
P. a. Nadolny & Kovblyuk, 2012: 71, f. 2, 12, 16, 24, 28, 32, 34, 42-44 (mf).

f amkhasensis Tikader & Malhotra, 1976....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018523]
P. a. Tikader & Malhotra, 1976b: 124, f. 1-2 (Df).
P. a. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 335, f. 176-178 (f).
P. a. Gajbe, 2007: 502, f. 245-247 (f).

mf anchoroides Yu & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018524]
P. a. Yu & Song, 1988a: 27, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
P. a. Yin et al., 1997c: 176, f. 80a-c (f).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 193B, J (mf).

f ancorifera Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018525]
P. a. Schenkel, 1936b: 227, f. 73 (Df).

mf anfibia Zapfe-Mann, 1979....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018526]
P. a. Zapfe-Mann, 1979: 3, f. 3-4 (Dmf).

f angolensis (Roewer, 1959)....................Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017741]
Dingosa a. Roewer, 1959b: 357, f. 198a-b (Df).
P. a. Framenau & Baehr, 2007: 1626 (Tf from Pardosa).

f angusta Denis, 1956....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018527]
P. a. Denis, 1956b: 279, f. 6-8 (Df).
P. a. Tongiorgi, 1975: 62, f. 2 (f).

f angustifrons Caporiacco, 1941....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018528]
P. a. Caporiacco, 1941b: 48 (Df).

mf anomala Gertsch, 1933....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018529]
P. a. Gertsch, 1933b: 26, f. 36 (Df).
P. a. Levi, 1951: 223, f. 10 (Dm).
P. a. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 180, f. 233-237 (mf).
P. a. Vogel, 2004: 85, f. 75, 80 (mf).

mf apostoli Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018530]
P. a. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 393, f. 234a-h (Dmf).

m aquatilis Schmidt & Krause, 1995....................Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018533]
P. a. Schmidt & Krause, 1995c: 371, f. 15 (Dm).

mf aquila Buchar & Thaler, 1998....................Russia, Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018531]
P. a. Buchar & Thaler, 1998: 707, f. 1-3, 7 (Dmf).

mf arctica (Kulczyn'ski, 1916)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018532]
Lycosa a. Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 40, pl. 2, f. 67, 69, 71 (Dmf).
P. a. Roewer, 1955c: 159.

mf astrigera L. Koch, 1878....................Russia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018534]
P. a. L. Koch, 1878c: 775, pl. 16, f. 37-38 (Dmf).
Lycosa a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 322, pl. 7, f. 98, pl. 13, f. 322, 327 (mf).
Lycosa T-insignita Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 324, pl. 8, f. 109, pl. 13, f. 337, 344 (Dmf).
Tarentula phila Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 389, pl. 8, f. 105 (Df).
Lycosa cinereofusca Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 393, pl. 7, f. 99 (Dm).
Lycosa sagibia Strand, 1918: 85 (Df).
Lycosa T-insignita Saito, 1936b: 63, 84, pl. 30 (mf).
Pirata aomorensis Saito, 1939: 71, f. 9.3, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
P. cinereofusca Roewer, 1955c: 161.
P. sagiba Roewer, 1955c: 172.
P. t-insignita Roewer, 1955c: 174.
Avicosa aomorensis Roewer, 1955c: 234.
Lycosa phila Roewer, 1955c: 269.
Lycosa T-insignita Saito, 1959: 58, f. 42a-g (mf).
Pirata aomorensis Saito, 1959: 59, text-f. 7.7, f. 46a-d (mf).
Lycosa T-insignita Yaginuma, 1960: 83, f. 75.5 (f).
P. pseudochionophila Schenkel, 1963: 357, f. 207 (Dm).
Lycosa T-insignita Namkung, 1964: 41, f. 34 (f).
P. T-insignita Yaginuma, 1965b: 366, f. 9.1 (f).
Lycosa T-insignita Lee, 1966: 60, f. 21h-i (f).
P. T-insignita Yaginuma, 1971: 83, f. 75.5 (f).
P. T-insignita Tanaka, 1974a: 42 (S).
P. T-insignita Yin, 1978: 10, f. 2A-D (mf).
P. T-insignita Song et al., 1978: 3, f. 4A-C (mf).
P. a. Tanaka, 1978b: 12, f. 2A-B (mf).
P. a. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 67, f. 52.1-2 (mf).
P. T-insignita Song, 1980: 165, f. 14b, 88a-d (mf).
P. a. Tanaka, 1980: 52, f. 10 (f).
P. Fiusignita Wang, 1981: 123, f. 63A-C (f, lapsus).
P. a. Hu, 1984: 214, f. 241.1-3 (mf).
P. T-insignita Hu, 1984: 234, f. 241.4.
P. a. Guo, 1985: 119, f. 2-58.1-3 (mf).
P. T-insignita Guo, 1985: 123, f. 2-61.1-2 (mf).
P. a. Zhu et al., 1985: 136, f. 120a-d (mf).
P. T-insignita Zhu et al., 1985: 140, f. 124a-d (mf).
P. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 162, f. 90.2 (mf).
P. a. Song, 1987: 230, f. 186 (mf).
P. a. Zhang, 1987: 151, f. 126.1-2 (mf).
P. T-insignita Zhang, 1987: 156, f. 132.1-4 (mf).
P. a. Yu & Song, 1988c: 115 (S).
P. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 115, f. 29 (mf).
P. a. Hu & Wu, 1989: 208, f. 173.1-3 (mf).
P. a. Feng, 1990: 153, f. 128.1-4 (mf).
P. a. Chen & Gao, 1990: 126, f. 156a-b (mf).
P. a. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 199, f. 198.1-4 (mf).
P. a. Tanaka, 1993c: 159, f. 1-4 (mf, S).
P. a. Zhao, 1993: 77, f. 33a-c (mf).
P. a. Dong, 1994: 64, f. 1-4 (mf).
P. a. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 309, f. 1602-1605 (mf).
P. a. Kim & Yoo, 1997a: 32, f. 1, 13-14, 26-27, 44 (mf).
P. a. Yin et al., 1997c: 193, f. 89a-i (mf).
P. a. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1719, f. 22a-c (mf).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 193C, K (mf).
P. a. Hu, 2001: 182, f. 85.1-3 (mf).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 244, f. 150A-C (mf).
P. a. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 28, f. 56 (m).
P. a. Namkung, 2002: 327, f. 20.21a-c (mf).
P. a. Kim & Cho, 2002: 207, f. 451-456 (mf).
P. a. Namkung, 2003: 329, f. 20.21a-c (mf).
P. a. Lee et al., 2004: 99, unnumbered f. (mf).
P. a. Yoo, Park & Kim, 2007: 25, f. 8-10 (m).
P. a. Tanaka, 2009: 247, f. 139-140 (mf).
P. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 269, f. 194A-D (mf).
P. a. Yin et al., 2012: 831, f. 415a-i (mf).

mf atlantica Emerton, 1913....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018535]
P. a. Emerton, 1913b: 258, pl. 48, f. 7 (Dmf).
P. a. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 88, f. 17 (mf, removed from S of P. saxatilis).
P. a. Vogel, 2004: 75, f. 50, 52 (mf).

mf atomaria (C. L. Koch, 1847)....................Balkans, Crete, Cyprus, Rhodes, Aegean Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018536]
Lycosa a. C. L. Koch, 1847: 31, f. 1437 (Df).
Leimonia a. Simon, 1864: 351.
Lycosa a. Kulczyn'ski, 1908c: 80, pl. 2, f. 23 (f).
Lycosa a. Giltay, 1932: 16, f. 10-11 (f, Dm).
P. a. Caporiacco, 1948c: 46.
P. a. Buchar & Thaler, 2002: 446, f. 11-18 (f).
P. a. Blagoev, 2005: 142, f. 2.1-4 (mf).

mf atrata (Thorell, 1873)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018537]
Lycosa lapponica Thorell, 1872a: 273 (f, not m).
Lycosa a. Thorell, 1873: 576 (Dmf).
Lycosa camtschadalica Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 52, pl. 11, f. 31 (Dmf).
P. a. Simon, 1887f: 457.
Lycosa a. Schenkel, 1928: 19, f. 2 (mf).
P. lapponica Sytshevskaja, 1935: 85, f. 1 (f).
Lycosa a. Palmgren, 1939: 49, f. 49-50, 70, 80, 90 (mf).
P. a. Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 39, f. 4b, d (mf).
Lycosa a. Holm, 1947: 35, f. 3b, pl. 6, f. 70-71, pl. 10, f. 44 (mf).
P. lapponica Schenkel, 1951: 25 (f).
P. a. Buchar, 1971: 122, f. 2G (f).
P. a. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 43 (m).
P. a. Izmailova, 1989: 31, f. 15 (f).
P. a. Yin et al., 1997c: 196, f. 90a-f (mf).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 193D, L (mf).
P. a. Almquist, 2005: 211, f. 210a-f (mf).

mf atromedia Banks, 1904....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043616]
P. a. Banks, 1904b: 355, pl. 39, f. 32 (Df).
P. a. Correa-Ramírez, Jiménez & García-De León, 2010: 543, f. 3A-C, 6A-C (removed f from S of P. sierra, contra Roewer, Dm).

mf atronigra Song, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018538]
P. a. Song, in Song & Haupt, 1995: 1, f. 1A-D (Dmf).
P. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 193E, M (mf).
P. a. Hu, 2001: 211, f. 109.1-4 (mf).

mf atropos (L. Koch, 1878)....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018540]
Lycosa a. L. Koch, 1878c: 770, pl. 16, f. 34 (Dm).
Tarentula a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 134.
Lycosa a. Fox, 1937b: 4, f. 6 (m, Df).
Lycosa a. Saito, 1939: 75, f. 9.6 (f).
Lycosa a. Saito, 1959: 48, f. 27a-b (f).
P. a. Namkung, 1964: 41, f. 35 (Tmf from Lycosa).
Arctosa a. Tanaka, 2009: 234, f. 70 (m).

m aurantipes (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018541]
Lycosa a. Strand, 1906b: 677 (Dm).
Lycosa a. Strand, 1908k: 345, pl. 8, f. 32 (m).
P. a. Roewer, 1955c: 178.
P. a. Roewer, 1959b: 59, f. 17a-b (m).

mf azerifalcata Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003....................Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038685]
P. a. Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003a: 43, f. 1-5, 10-12, 17-18, 21-24, 29-31 (Dmf).

mf baehrorum Kronestedt, 1999....................Germany, Switzerland, Austria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018542]
P. b. Kronestedt, 1999: 3, f. 1a, 2a-c, 3a-e, 4, 5a, 6a, 7 (Dmf).
P. b. Töpfer-Hofmann, Cordes & von Helversen, 2000: 270, f. 28-29 (m).

f balaghatensis Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040091]
P. b. Gajbe, 2004a: 18, f. 20-22 (Df).

f baoshanensis Wang & Qiu, 1991....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018543]
P. b. Wang & Qiu, 1991: 93, f. 1a-c (Df).
P. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 193F (f).

mf baraan Logunov & Marusik, 1995....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018544]
P. b. Logunov & Marusik, 1995: 113, f. 25-29, 33 (Dmf).
P. b. Marusik & Logunov, 2009: 149, f. 13-16 (f).

mf bargaonensis Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040092]
P. b. Gajbe, 2004a: 21, f. 23-27 (Dmf).

mf basiri (Dyal, 1935)....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018545]
Lycosa b. Dyal, 1935: 137, pl. 13, f. 31-35 (Dmf).
P. b. Roewer, 1955c: 182 (N.B.: considered a junior S of P. annandalei by Gajbe, 2004a: 20, without discussion).

f bastarensis Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040093]
P. b. Gajbe, 2004a: 25, f. 31-33 (Df).

f baxianensis Wang & Song, 1993....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018546]
P. b. Wang & Song, 1993: 152, f. 1A-C (Df).
P. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 193G (f).

mf beijiangensis Hu & Wu, 1989....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018547]
P. b. Hu & Wu, 1989: 210, f. 174.1-5 (Dmf).
P. b. Zhao, 1993: 85, f. 35a-c (mf).
P. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 329, f. 193H, N (mf).
P. b. Chen & Song, 2004: 406, f. 1-9 (mf).

mf bellona Banks, 1898....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018549]
P. b. Banks, 1898b: 275, pl. 16, f. 21 (Dmf).
P. b. Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 3, f. 14 (f).
P. b. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 76, f. 2, 5, 41, 43-44 (mf).
P. b. Vogel, 2004: 75, f. 43, 57 (mf).
P. b. Gómez-Rodríguez & Salazar, 2012: 3, f. I.13 (f).

m benadira Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018550]
P. b. Caporiacco, 1940c: 770, f. 1 (Dm).
P. b. Roewer, 1959b: 60, f. 18 (m).

f bendamira Roewer, 1960....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018551]
P. b. Roewer, 1960c: 8, f. 5a-b (Df).

mf beringiana Dondale & Redner, 1987....................Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018552]
P. b. Dondale & Redner, 1987: 5, f. 4, 7, 21, 24 (Dmf).
P. b. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 142, f. 162-165 (mf).

f bernensis (Lebert, 1877)....................Switzerland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018553]
Lycosa b. Lebert, 1877: 290 (Df).
P. b. Roewer, 1955c: 160.

f bidentata Franganillo, 1936....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018554]
P. b. Franganillo, 1936b: 76, f. 35 (Df; N.B.: omitted by Roewer and Brignoli).

mf bifasciata (C. L. Koch, 1834)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018555]
Lycosa b. C. L. Koch, 1834: 125, pl. 17-18 (Dmf).
Lycosa b. C. L. Koch, 1847: 34, f. 1439-1440 (Dmf).
Lycosa calida Blackwall, 1852b: 93 (Dm).
P. b. Simon, 1876a: 324.
Lycosa b. Menge, 1879: 546, pl. 89, f. 311 (m, not f).
P. b. Becker, 1882b: 131, pl. 10, f. 5 (mf).
Lycosa b. Bösenberg, 1903: 386, pl. 36, f. 568 (mf).
P. b. Lessert, 1904: 429, pl. 6, f. 35-36, 41 (mf).
Passiena b. Simon, 1898a: 355.
Lycosa b. Dahl, 1908: 385, 427, f. 83 (mf).
Lycosa b. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 34, f. 86-88 (mf).
P. credula Schenkel, 1936b: 228, f. 74 (f, misidentified).
P. albigena Schenkel, 1936b: 297, f. 103 (Df).
P. b. Simon, 1937: 1069, 1077, 1130, f. 1660-1661, 1674 (mf).
Lycosa b. Holm, 1947: 31, f. 58-59, pl. 10, f. 33 (mf).
P. calida Loksa, 1965: 18, f. 26 (f).
P. b. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 292, f. 8-11 (Tmf from Passiena).
P. b. Tyschchenko, 1971: 175, f. 496 (m).
P. b. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 81, f. 33a-d (mf).
P. b. Miller, 1971: 159, pl. XXIV, f. 20, pl. XXV, f. 21 (mf).
P. b. Loksa, 1972: 17, f. 14C-D, 21A, 22A-B (mf).
P. thaleri Buchar, 1976: 210, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
P. b. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 45 (m).
P. b. Bosmans & Janssen, 1982: 282, f. 3-4 (mf).
P. hanrasanensis Jo & Paik, 1984: 194, f. 3A-E (Dmf).
P. b. Yu & Song, 1988c: 116 (S).
P. b. Hu & Wu, 1989: 211, f. 176.1-3 (f, S).
P. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 328, f. 878 (mf).
P. b. Roberts, 1995: 216, f. (mf).
P. thaleri Eskov & Marusik, 1995: 78, f. 79-80 (mf).
P. hanrasanensis Kim & Yoo, 1997a: 33, f. 3, 30-31, 46 (f).
P. b. Yin et al., 1997c: 171, f. 78a-g (mf).
P. b. Bellmann, 1997: 144, f. (f).
P. b. Roberts, 1998: 229, f. (mf).
P. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 193O, 194A (mf).
P. b. Hu, 2001: 183, f. 86.1-4 (mf).
P. b. Namkung, 2002: 335, f. 20.29a-b (mf).
P. b. Namkung, 2003: 337, f. 20.29a-b (mf).
P. b. Kronestedt, 2005: 37, f. 5-6, 8, 10, 12 (mf).
P. b. Almquist, 2005: 212, f. 211a-f (mf).
P. b. Kronestedt, 2006: 35, f. 4, 6, 8, 10, 13, 15 (mf).

mf birabeni Mello-Leitão, 1938....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018556]
P. b. Mello-Leitão, 1938a: 94, f. 7 (Dmf).

mf birmanica Simon, 1884....................Pakistan to China, Philippines, Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018557]
P. b. Simon, 1884q: 333 (Df).
Lycosa ipnochoera Thorell, 1890c: 138 (Df).
Lycosa b. Thorell, 1895: 242 (Dm).
Lycosa subbirmanica Strand, 1909f: 84 (provisional name only).
Lycosa b. Gravely, 1924: 607, f. 4J (mf).
Lycosa b. Dyal, 1935: 136, pl. 13, f. 36-37 (mf).
P. bhatnagari Sadana, 1971a: 226, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. b. Buchar, 1976: 206, f. 4H (f).
P. b. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 329, f. 163-167 (mf, S).
P. b. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 52, f. 82-83 (f).
P. b. Hu & Li, 1987b: 291 (S P. armillata, rejected).
P. b. Okuma et al., 1993: 49, f. 44 (f).
P. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 311, f. 1617-1619 (mf).
P. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 386, f. 229a-i, 230a-j (mf).
P. b. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 109, f. 7-13 (mf).
P. b. Gajbe, 2007: 499, f. 235-239 (mf).

mf blanda (C. L. Koch, 1833)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018558]
Lycosa b. C. L. Koch, 1833: 120, pl. 24 (Dm).
Lycosa blanda obscura Heer, 1845: 14 (D).
Lycosa b. C. L. Koch, 1847: 21, f. 1428-1430 (Dmf).
Leimonia b. Simon, 1864: 351.
Lycosa hortensis Thorell, 1872a: 299 (m, misidentified).
Lycosa hortensis Bösenberg, 1902: 379, pl. 35, f. 554 (m, misidentified).
Lycosa b. Bösenberg, 1903: 385, pl. 36, f. 567 (f).
Lycosa b. Dahl, 1908: 374, 438, f. 67 (mf).
Lycosa b. Kulczyn'ski, 1909a: 443, pl. 22, f. 12 (m).
P. b. Lessert, 1910b: 513.
Lycosa b. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 51, f. 133-135 (mf).
Lycosa b. Schenkel, 1927b: 261, f. 18 (f).
Lycosa b. Kratochvíl, 1935b: 18, f. 8 (mf).
P. b. Simon, 1937: 1064, 1073, 1128, f. 1647, 1670 (mf).
P. b. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 287, f. 88-90, 115-116 (mf).
P. b. Tongiorgi, 1966b: 350, f. 27 (f P. subalpina Schenkel, 1918, possibly an anomalous specimen of P. b.).
P. b. Buchar, 1968: 120, f. 3Q (m).
P. b. Tyschchenko, 1971: 175, f. 506 (f).
P. b. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 85, f. 34a-d (mf).
Lycosa b. Hu, 1984: 222, f. 231.1-3 (f).
P. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 867 (mf).
Lycosa b. Zhao, 1993: 68, f. 28a-b (f).
P. b. Mcheidze, 1997: 234, f. 489-490 (f).
P. b. Pirchegger & Thaler, 1999: 49, f. 2, 6, 8, 10, 12 (m).
P. b. Demircan & Topçu, 2011: 137, f. 4i-k (f).

mf bleyi (Dahl, 1908)....................Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018559]
Lycosa b. Dahl, 1908: 233, f. 12-13 (Dmf).
P. b. Roewer, 1955c: 185.

f brevimetatarsis (Strand, 1907)....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018560]
Lycosa b. Strand, 1907m: 442 (Df).
P. b. Roewer, 1955c: 182.

mf brevivulva Tanaka, 1975....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018561]
P. b. Tanaka, 1975: 21, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. b. Yaginuma, 1986a: 163, f. 90.4 (mf).
P. b. Chikuni, 1989b: 114, f. 26 (mf).
P. b. Qiu & Wang, 1990: 2, f. 1-5 (mf).
P. b. Tanaka, 1993a: 286, f. 29-32 (mf).
P. b. Kim & Yoo, 1997a: 33, f. 2, 15, 28-29, 45 (mf).
P. b. Yin et al., 1997c: 177, f. 81a-d (f).
P. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 194N (f).
P. b. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 28, f. 58 (m).
P. b. Namkung, 2002: 328, f. 20.22a-b (mf).
P. b. Kim & Cho, 2002: 207, f. 457-462 (mf).
P. b. Namkung, 2003: 330, f. 20.22a-b (mf).
P. b. Tanaka, 2009: 243, f. 115-116 (mf).

mf brunellii Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018562]
P. b. Caporiacco, 1940c: 801, f. 17 (Dmf).
P. b. Roewer, 1959b: 61, f. 19a-c (mf).

mf buchari Ovtsharenko, 1979....................Russia, Georgia, Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018563]
P. b. Ovtsharenko, 1979: 47, f. 14-15, 28-31 (Dmf).
P. b. Buchar & Thaler, 1998: 709, f. 14-15 (m).
P. b. Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000: 315, f. 31-33, 37-39 (mf).
P. b. Marusik, Ballarin & Omelko, 2012b: 120, f. 7-9, 14-15, 20-21, 24, 32-34, 39-40 (mf).

mf bucklei Kronestedt, 1975....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018564]
P. b. Kronestedt, 1975a: 224, f. 2c, 3d, 4D-d, 6c-e, 7c (Dmf).
P. b. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 205, f. 292-295 (mf).
P. b. Dondale, 1999: 444, f. 3, 9 (mf).
P. b. Vogel, 2004: 85, f. 67, 90 (mf).

mf bukukun Logunov & Marusik, 1995....................Russia, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018565]
P. b. Logunov & Marusik, 1995: 112, f. 13-19 (Dmf).
P. b. Zhu, Xu & Zhang, 2010: 57, f. 1a-c (f).

mf burasantiensis Tikader & Malhotra, 1976....................India, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018566]
P. b. Tikader & Malhotra, 1976b: 130, f. 10-12 (Dmf).
P. b. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 338, f. 183-186 (mf).
P. b. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 55, f. 88-89 (f).
P. b. Yin et al., 1997c: 239, f. 112a-g (mf, misidentified per Kronestedt, 2010: 34).
P. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 194C (f, misidentified per Kronestedt, 2010: 34).
P. b. Yin et al., 2012: 833, f. 416a-g (mf).

mf buriatica Sternbergs, 1979....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018567]
P. b. Sternbergs, 1979a: 88, f. 1 (Dmf).

mf californica Keyserling, 1887....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018568]
P. c. Keyserling, 1887b: 483, pl. 6, f. 44 (Dmf).
P. c. Banks, 1904b: 355, pl. 38, f. 5.
P. c. Chamberlin, 1908: 192, pl. 14, f. 5 (mf).
P. c. Dondale & Redner, 1987: 11, f. 12, 14, 32-33 (mf).
P. c. Vogel, 2004: 99, f. 116, 118 (mf).

f caliraya Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018569]
P. c. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 396, f. 236a-i (Df).

f canalis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018570]
P. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 321, pl. 31, f. 8 (Df).

mf caucasica Ovtsharenko, 1979....................Russia, Abkhazia, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018572]
P. c. Ovtsharenko, 1979: 48, f. 10-11, 24-25 (Dmf).
P. c. Töpfer-Hofmann, Cordes & von Helversen, 2000: 271, f. 32-33 (m).
P. c. Nadolny & Kovblyuk, 2012: 71, f. 3, 5, 7-8, 13, 17, 21, 25, 29, 35, 37, 45-50 (mf).

mf cavannae Simon, 1881....................Italy, Albania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018573]
P. c. Simon, 1881d: 21 (Dmf).
P. c. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 295, f. 34-35 (m, removed from S of P. frigida).
P. c. Tongiorgi, 1968: 107, pl. I, f. 1-2 (f).

f cayennensis (Taczanowski, 1874)....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018574]
Lycosa c. Taczanowski, 1874: 84 (Df).
P. c. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 263.

f cervina Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018575]
P. c. Schenkel, 1936b: 222, f. 71 (Df).

f cervinopilosa Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018576]
P. c. Schenkel, 1936b: 224, f. 72 (Df).

f chahraka Roewer, 1960....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018577]
P. c. Roewer, 1960c: 10, f. 7a-b (Df).

f chambaensis Tikader & Malhotra, 1976....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018578]
P. c. Tikader & Malhotra, 1976b: 128, f. 5-6 (Df).
P. c. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 357, f. 219-221 (f).

mf chapini (Fox, 1935)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018579]
Lycosa c. Fox, 1935: 453, f. 6 (Df).
Lycosa intermixta Schenkel, 1936b: 205, f. 67 (Df).
Avicosa chopini Roewer, 1955c: 234 (lapsus).
Avicosa intermixta Roewer, 1955c: 234.
Trochosa shaanxiensis Zheng & Qiu, 1980: 377, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
Trochosa shansiensis Qiu, 1981: 16, f. 7A-D (mf).
Trochosa shaanxiensis Hu, 1984: 251, f. 264.1-4 (mf).
Trochosa shaanxiensis Guo, 1985: 130, f. 2-67.1-4 (mf).
Trochosa shaanxiensis Zhu et al., 1985: 144, f. 128a-e (mf).
P. c. Song, 1987: 246, f. 201 (Tmf from Avicosa=Schizocosa).
P. c. Zhang, 1987: 164, f. 139.1-4 (mf, S).
P. c. Yu & Song, 1988c: 115 (S).
P. c. Chen & Gao, 1990: 127, f. 157a-b (mf).
P. c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 205, f. 207.1-5 (mf).
P. c. Yin et al., 1997c: 240, f. 113a-g (mf).
P. c. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1720, f. 23a-d (mf).
P. c. Yang & Chai, 1998: 61, f. 2a-d (f).
P. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 193Q, 194E (mf).
P. c. Hu, 2001: 184, f. 87.1-4 (mf).
P. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 246, f. 151A-D (mf).
P. c. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 271, f. 195A-D (mf).
P. c. Yin et al., 2012: 835, f. 417a-g (mf).

mf chenbuensis Yin et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018580]
P. c. Yin et al., 1997b: 19, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
P. c. Yin et al., 1997c: 178, f. 82a-g (mf).
P. chengbuensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 193R, 194F (mf, invalid emendation).
P. chengbuensis Yin et al., 2012: 837, f. 418a-g (mf).

m chiapasiana Gertsch & Wallace, 1937....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018581]
P. c. Gertsch & Wallace, 1937: 2, f. 3 (Dm).

mf chindanda Roewer, 1960....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018582]
P. c. Roewer, 1960c: 4, f. 2a-e (Dmf).

mf cincta (Kulczyn'ski, 1887)....................Central, Eastern Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018584]
Lycosa c. Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 295, pl. 5, f. 8 (Df).
Lycosa c. Kulczyn'ski, 1909a: 439, pl. 22, f. 19 (f).
P. c. Buchar, 1971: 122, f. 1A, 2D-E, H (removed f from S of P. lapponica).
P. c. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 87, f. 35a-c (f).
P. c. Buchar, 1981: 5, f. A-B (m).
P. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 328, f. 876 (mf).

?? cinerascens (Roewer, 1951)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018585]
Lycosa cinerea Vinson, 1863: 298 (D; preoccupied by Sundevall, 1833a).
Lycosa c. Roewer, 1951: 439 (replacement name).
P. c. Roewer, 1955c: 178 ("spec. incert. sed.").

mf clavipalpis Purcell, 1903....................East, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018586]
P. c. Purcell, 1903b: 137, pl. 8, f. 25 (Dmf).
P. inopina c. Lessert, 1926: 351, f. 12 (f).
P. c. Roewer, 1959b: 82, f. 35 (f; elevated from subspecies).

m cluens Roewer, 1959....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018587]
P. c. Roewer, 1959b: 139, f. 73a-c (Dm).

mf colchica Mcheidze, 1946....................Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018588]
P. c. Mcheidze, 1946: 290, f. 6-7 (Df).
P. c. Mcheidze, 1997: 238, f. 507-508 (f).
P. c. Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000: 310, f. 17-23 (f, Dm).

mf coloradensis Banks, 1894....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018589]
P. c. Banks, 1894c: 51 (Df).
Lycosa c. Chamberlin, 1908: 249, pl. 18, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
P. c. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 817, f. 2, 5, 22-23, 26 (mf).
P. c. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 147, f. 171-175 (mf).
P. c. Vogel, 2004: 61, f. 7, 10 (mf).

f completa (Roewer, 1959)....................Mozambique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017742]
Dingosa c. Roewer, 1959b: 355, f. 196a-b (Df).
P. c. Framenau & Baehr, 2007: 1626 (Tf from Pardosa).

mf concinna (Thorell, 1877)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018590]
Lycosa c. Thorell, 1877c: 506 (Df).
P. c. Banks, 1894c: 51.
P. glacialis Emerton, 1894: 424, pl. 4, f. 2 (mf, misidentified).
P. glacialis Montgomery, 1904: 274, pl. 19, f. 25 (f, misidentified).
P. muscicola Emerton, 1911: 401, pl. 5, f. 1 (Dm).
P. glacialis Emerton, 1919b: 6, pl. 6, f. 17 (f, misidentified).
P. glacialis Emerton, 1919c: 145, f. 7 (f, misidentified).
P. c. Gertsch, 1934a: 18.
P. c. Bishop, 1949: 101, f. 9 (f).
P. c. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 824, f. 15-16, 40-42 (mf).
P. c. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 169, f. 214-218 (mf).
P. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 162, f. 1787-1790 (mf).
P. c. Vogel, 2004: 73, f. 28-29 (mf).

f concolorata (Roewer, 1951)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018591]
Lycosa concolor Banks, 1898b: 269, pl. 16, f. 25 (Df; preoccupied by Kroneberg, 1875).
P. concolor Chamberlin, 1924b: 672, f. 115-116 (f).
Tarentula c. Roewer, 1951: 441 (replacement name).
P. c. Roewer, 1955c: 186.

mf condolens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018592]
Lycosa c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 88 (Dmf).
P. c. Schmidt, 1895: 472.
Pardosops c. Roewer, 1955a: 757, f. 3a-b (m).
Pardosops c. Roewer, 1955c: 196.

mf confalonierii Caporiacco, 1928....................North Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018593]
P. c. Caporiacco, 1928b: 98, f. 7 (Dmf).
P. c. Roewer, 1959b: 48, f. 11a-b (mf).

mf confusa Kronestedt, 1988....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018594]
P. c. Kronestedt, 1988: 415, f. 1b, 2b, 3C, c, 4b, e, 5c-d, 6b, d, 7b, 8e-f (Dmf).
P. c. Vogel, 2004: 86, f. 69, 79 (mf).

f consimilis Nosek, 1905....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018595]
P. c. Nosek, 1905b: 140, f. 18 (Df).
P. c. Tongiorgi, 1966b: 344, f. 19, 31 (f).

f costrica Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018596]
P. c. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 32, pl. 6, f. 64 (Df).

mf crassipalpis Purcell, 1903....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018597]
P. c. Purcell, 1903b: 138, pl. 8, f. 26 (Dmf).
P. c. Roewer, 1959b: 122, f. 61a-b (f).

mf crassistyla Kronestedt, 1988....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018598]
P. c. Kronestedt, 1988: 420, f. 1c, 2c, 3D, d, 4c, f, 5e-f, 6e, 7c, 8g-i, 13a-b (Dmf).
P. c. Vogel, 2004: 88, f. 74, 77 (mf).

mf credula (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Tajikistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018599]
Lycosa c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 91 (Df).
P. c. Schmidt, 1895: 473.
P. c. Caporiacco, 1935b: 235, pl. 5, f. 13 (f, Dm).

mf cribrata Simon, 1876....................Southern Europe, Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018600]
P. c. Simon, 1876a: 342 (Dmf).
P. venatica L. Koch, 1882: 650, pl. 21, f. 25-27 (Dmf).
Lycosa pannonica Kolosváry, 1934b: 16, f. 16 (Dm).
Lycosa pannonica Kolosváry, 1935a: 140, f. 5 (m).
P. c. Simon, 1937: 1068, 1083, 1126, f. 1655-1656, 1685 (mf).
Pardosops venatica Roewer, 1955c: 197.
P. c. Roewer, 1959b: 47, f. 10a-c (mf).
P. c. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 305, f. 148-149, 152-153 (mf).
P. c. Loksa, 1972: 15, f. 13A-E, 25B, 26E-F (mf, S).
P. c. Wunderlich, 1984b: 437, f. 42 (f, S).
P. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 332, f. 1404 (mf).
P. c. Blagoev, 2005: 142, f. 3.1-4 (mf).
P. c. Bayram, Efil & Deltshev, 2009: 466, f. 6-9 (mf).

f cribrata catalonica Simon, 1937....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018601]
P. c. c. Simon, 1937: 1075, 1126 (Df).

mf cubana Bryant, 1940....................Cuba, Jamaica, Grand Cayman Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018604]
P. c. Bryant, 1940: 272, pl. 2, f. 27 (Df).
P. c. Bryant, 1940: 285, f. 27 (Df).
P. c. Dondale & Redner, 1987: 3, f. 3, 20, 23 (m, Df).

mf dabiensis Chai & Yang, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018605]
P. d. Chai & Yang, in Yang & Chai, 1998: 61, f. 1a-g (Dmf).

mf dagestana Buchar & Thaler, 1998....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018606]
P. d. Buchar & Thaler, 1998: 709, f. 9-13 (Dmf).

mf daisetsuensis Tanaka, 2005....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040094]
P. d. Tanaka, 2005: 7, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. d. Tanaka, 2009: 248, f. 147-148 (mf).

m dalkhaba Roewer, 1960....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018607]
P. d. Roewer, 1960c: 4, f. 1a-b (Dm).

f danica (Sørensen, 1904)....................Denmark [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018608]
Lycosa d. Sørensen, 1904: 321 (Df).
P. d. Roewer, 1955c: 161.

f darolii (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018611]
Lycosa d. Strand, 1906b: 678 (Df).
Lycosa d. Strand, 1908k: 354, pl. 8, f. 9 (f).
P. d. Roewer, 1959b: 63, f. 29 (f).

mf datongensis Yin, Peng & Kim, 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018612]
P. d. Yin, Peng & Kim, 1997: 51, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
P. d. Yin et al., 1997c: 197, f. 91a-g (mf).
P. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 194H, R (mf).

mf debolinae Majumder, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040095]
P. d. Majumder, 2004b: 100, f. 7-12 (Dmf).
P. d. Majumder, 2005: 35, f. 13-18 (mf).

mf delicatula Gertsch & Wallace, 1935....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018613]
P. d. Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 4, f. 13, 17 (Dmf).
P. d. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 77, f. 3, 6, 45-47 (mf).
P. d. Breene et al., 1993: 96, f. 135A-B (mf).
P. d. Vogel, 2004: 76, f. 45, 59 (mf).

m dentitegulum Yin et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018614]
P. d. Yin et al., 1997b: 20, f. 8-13 (Dm).
P. dentitegulumia Yin et al., 1997c: 268, f. 126a-f (m).
P. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 194S (m).
P. dentitegulumia Yin et al., 2012: 838, f. 419a-f (m).

mf desolatula Gertsch & Davis, 1940....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018615]
P. d. Gertsch & Davis, 1940a: 5, f. 22 (Dmf).
P. d. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 83, f. 10, 13, 54-54 (mf).

f dilecta Banks, 1898....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018616]
P. d. Banks, 1898b: 274, pl. 16, f. 24 (Df).

mf distincta (Blackwall, 1846)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018617]
Lycosa d. Blackwall, 1846a: 32 (Df).
P. pallida Emerton, 1885: 496, pl. 49, f. 3 (Dmf).
P. pallida Emerton, 1902: 82, f. 197-200 (mf).
P. pallida Montgomery, 1903: 653, pl. 29, f. 3 (f).
P. emertoni Chamberlin, 1908: 190, pl. 8, f. 6, pl. 14, f. 1 (Dmf).
P. emertoni Comstock, 1912: 657, f. 731f.
P. d. Gertsch, 1934a: 23.
P. d. Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 1, f. 4, 8 (mf).
P. emertoni Comstock, 1940: 665, f. 731f (f).
P. d. Kaston, 1948: 333, f. 1095-1099, 1119-1121 (mf).
P. d. Vogel, 1964: 10, f. 5-6, 17, 20 (mf).
P. d. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 151, f. 180-184 (mf).
P. d. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 162, f. 1791-1794 (mf).
P. d. Vogel, 2004: 64, f. 13, 19 (mf).

mf diuturna Fox, 1937....................Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018618]
P. d. Fox, 1937f: 114, f. 3 (Df).
P. d. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 19, pl. 10, f. 86 (f).
P. d. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 819, f. 7, 10, 29-32 (f, Dm).
P. d. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 224, f. 327, 329-333 (mf).

mf donabila Roewer, 1955....................Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018619]
P. d. Roewer, 1955a: 755, f. 1-2 (Dmf).

mf dondalei Jiménez, 1986....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018620]
P. d. Jiménez, 1986a: 124, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf dorsalis Banks, 1894....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018621]
P. d. Banks, 1894c: 51 (Df).
P. d. Lowrie & Dondale, 1981: 138, f. 1, 57-66 (mf, removed from S of P. mackenziana).
P. d. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 138, f. 154-161 (mf).
P. d. Vogel, 2004: 96, f. 102, 105, 112 (mf).

mf dorsuncata Lowrie & Dondale, 1981....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018622]
P. d. Lowrie & Dondale, 1981: 130, f. 10-12, 14-20 (Dmf).
P. d. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 132, f. 137-142 (mf).
P. d. Vogel, 2004: 96, f. 101, 104, 115 (mf).

f dranensis Hogg, 1922....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018623]
P. d. Hogg, 1922: 303, f. 7c-d (Df).

mf drenskii Buchar, 1968....................Bulgaria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018624]
P. d. Buchar, 1968: 118, f. 2A-D, 3I, L (Dmf).
P. d. Wunderlich, 1984b: 432, f. 29-31 (mf).

f duplicata Saha, Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1994....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018627]
P. d. Saha, Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1994: 45, f. 6-10 (Df).

f dzheminey Marusik, 1995....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018628]
P. d. Marusik, in Eskov & Marusik, 1995: 65, f. 78 (Df).

mf ecatli Jiménez, 1985....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018629]
P. e. Jiménez, 1985: 62, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf eiseni (Thorell, 1875)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018630]
Lycosa eisenii Thorell, 1875a: 106 (Df).
Lycosa e. Thorell, 1875c: 145 (Df).
P. e. Schenkel, 1925c: 406, f. 2 (f).
Lycosa e. Schenkel, 1928: 21, f. 4 (f, Dm).
Lycosa e. Jackson, 1932a: 101, pl. 1, f. 8 (m).
Lycosa e. Palmgren, 1939: 41, f. 42, 59, 73, 88 (mf).
Lycosa e. Holm, 1947: 34, pl. 7, f. 78-79, pl. 10, f. 42 (mf).
P. trailli e. Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 8, 42 (S, rejected).
P. e. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 291, f. 21 (m).
P. e. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 870 (m).
P. e. Kronestedt, 2004: 285, f. 3, 9-10, 15, 19, 23-24 (mf).
P. e. Almquist, 2005: 228, f. 225a-e (mf).
P. e. Marusik & Logunov, 2009: 150, f. 17-21 (mf).

m ejusmodi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Syria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018631]
Lycosa e. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 317 (Dm).
P. e. Roewer, 1955c: 162.

f elegans (Thorell, 1875)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018632]
Lycosa e. Thorell, 1875a: 105 (Df).
Lycosa e. Thorell, 1875c: 144 (Df).
P. e. Roewer, 1955c: 162.

f elegantula (Roewer, 1959)....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019041]
Passiena e. Roewer, 1959b: 166, f. 118a-d (Dmf; N.B.: m belongs to Pardosa injucunda per Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 82).
P. e. Lehtinen, 2005b: 406 (Tf from Passiena).

f enucleata Roewer, 1959....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018633]
P. e. Roewer, 1959b: 123, f. 62a-b (Df).

m erupticia (Strand, 1913)....................Rwanda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018634]
Lycosa e. Strand, 1913a: 468 (Dm).
P. e. Roewer, 1955c: 179.
P. e. Roewer, 1959b: 83, f. 36a-b (m).

mf eskovi Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044491]
P. e. Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011: 3, f. 1, 9-19, 25, 29 (Dmf).

mf evanescens Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 2008....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041866]
P. e. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 2008: 105, f. 1-11 (Dmf).

mf evelinae Wunderlich, 1984....................Eastern Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018635]
P. e. Wunderlich, 1984b: 423, f. 32-39 (Dmf).
P. e. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 328, f. 875 (mf).

mf falcata Schenkel, 1963....................Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018636]
P. f. Schenkel, 1963: 363, f. 210a-b (Dm).
P. crucifera Schenkel, 1963: 374, f. 217a-c (Df).
P. f. Song, 1982b: 77, f. 5-6 (Df).
P. f. Hu, 1984: 238, f. 245.1-2 (f).
P. f. Zhu et al., 1985: 137, f. 121a-e (mf).
P. f. Song, 1987: 231, f. 187 (mf).
P. f. Zhang, 1987: 151, f. 127.1-4 (mf).
P. wagleri Hu & Wu, 1989: 229, f. 190.1-4 (mf, misidentified).
P. f. Chen & Song, 1996: 122, f. 9-12 (mf).
P. f. Yin et al., 1997c: 199, f. 92a-f (mf).
P. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 194J, U (mf).
P. f. Hu, 2001: 187, f. 89.1-4 (mf).
P. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 249, f. 153A-D (mf).
P. f. Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003a: 46, f. 13-15, 19-20, 25-28, 32-34 (mf, S).
P. f. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 272, f. 196A-D (mf).

mf falcifera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................USA to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018637]
P. f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 318, pl. 30, f. 23-24 (Dmf).
P. f. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 32, pl. 6, f. 67, pl. 7, f. 68 (mf).
P. hopi Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 34, pl. 6, f. 66 (Df).
P. f. Vogel, 1970: 15, f. 62-68, 70, 73-74, 91 (mf, S).
P. f. Vogel, 2004: 67, f. 24, 26 (mf).

m falcula F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018638]
P. f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 320, pl. 31, f. 3 (Dm).

mf fallax Barnes, 1959....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018639]
P. f. Barnes, 1959: 9, f. 20-22 (Dmf).

mf fastosa (Keyserling, 1877)....................Costa Rica to Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018640]
Lycosa f. Keyserling, 1877a: 618, pl. 1, f. 5-6 (Dmf).
P. uncatula F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 319, pl. 30, f. 27-28 (Dmf).
P. f. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 277.
P. f. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 80, f. 9, 12, 52-53 (mf, S).

f fastosa viota (Strand, 1914)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018641]
Lycosa f. v. Strand, 1914c: 814 (Df).
P. f. v. Roewer, 1955c: 186.

mf femoralis Simon, 1876....................France, Spain, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018642]
P. f. Simon, 1876a: 345 (Dmf).
P. f. Simon, 1937: 1066, 1081, 1125, f. 1652, 1680 (mf).
P. f. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 299, f. 46-48 (mf, S P. kervillei montivaga, rejected).
P. f. Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 423, f. 16-18, pl. I, f. 7, pl. II, f. 7, 14 (mf).
P. f. den Hollander, 1972: 129, pl. 1d (mf).
P. f. Kronestedt, 2007: 26, f. 6-8, 15, 18, 21, 24 (m).

mf fengi Marusik, Nadolny & Omelko, 2013....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046337]
P. f. Marusik, Nadolny & Omelko, 2013: 209, f. 4-5, 26-45, 53 (Df).

mf ferruginea (L. Koch, 1870)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018643]
Lycosa f. L. Koch, 1870: 46 (Df).
Lycosa f. L. Koch, 1876b: 341 (Dm).
P. blanda Simon, 1876a: 349, pl. 13, f. 16 (mf, misidentified).
P. alveolata Simon, 1876a: 346, pl. 13, f. 19 (Df).
Lycosa f. Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 294, pl. 5, f. 6-7 (m).
Lycosa f. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 59, pl. 2, f. 18 (mf).
Lycosa f. Bösenberg, 1902: 379, pl. 35, f. 555 (mf).
Lycosa f. Dahl, 1908: 378, 397, f. 72 (mf).
Lycosa f. Kulczyn'ski, 1909a: 439, pl. 22, f. 27 (f).
P. f. Lessert, 1910b: 525.
Lycosa f. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 36, f. 92-94 (mf).
P. f. Simon, 1937: 1058, 1086, 1124, f. 1634-1635, 1691 (mf).
Lycosa f. Palmgren, 1939: 50, f. 51, 91 (f).
P. f. Yaginuma, 1960: 85, f. 76.4-5 (mf).
P. f. Loksa, 1965: 18, f. 25 (f).
P. f. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 294, f. 36-38 (mf).
P. f. Yaginuma, 1971: 85, f. 76.4-5 (mf).
P. f. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 91, f. 38a-d (mf).
P. f. Miller, 1971: 157, pl. XXIV, f. 28, pl. XXV, f. 16 (mf).
P. f. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 28, 56 (mf).
P. f. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 328, f. 880 (mf).
P. f. Hu, 2001: 188, f. 90.1-4 (mf).

m flammula Mello-Leitão, 1945....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018644]
P. f. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 251, f. 34 (Dm).

mf flata Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043820]
P. f. Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 388, f. 2a-b, 8a-d (Dmf).

f flavida (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand, Turkmenistan, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018645]
Lycosa f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 93 (Df).
P. f. Roewer, 1955c: 162.

mf flavipalpis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018646]
P. f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 319, pl. 30, f. 25-26 (Dmf).

mf flavipes Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037715]
P. f. Hu, 2001: 188, f. 91.1-4 (Dmf).

mf flavisterna Caporiacco, 1935....................Pakistan, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018647]
P. f. Caporiacco, 1935b: 236, pl. 7, f. 4 (Dmf).
P. f. Marusik & Ballarin, 2011b: 64, f. 1-23 (mf).

mf fletcheri (Gravely, 1924)....................Pakistan, India, Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018648]
Lycosa f. Gravely, 1924: 606, f. 4F (Dmf).
P. f. Roewer, 1955c: 182.
P. f. Buchar, 1978: 262, f. 2, 7a-b, 10, 13, 18, 21 (mf).
Lycosa rothaka Tikader, 1970: 64, f. 36a-c (Dmf).
P. f. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 355, f. 216-218 (mf, S).

mf floridana (Banks, 1896)....................USA, Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018649]
Lycosa f. Banks, 1896e: 72 (Df).
P. albopilosa Franganillo, 1931: 286 (D).
P. albopilosa Franganillo, 1934: 152 (mf).
P. albopilosa Bryant, 1940: 284, pl. 2, f. 20-21, 28 (mf).

mf fortunata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018650]
Lycosa f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 89 (Dmf).
P. f. Schmidt, 1895: 474.
P. f. Caporiacco, 1935b: 239, pl. 7, f. 3 (mf).
Pardosops f. Roewer, 1955c: 196.

mf fritzeni Ballarin et al., 2012....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045284]
P. f. Ballarin et al., 2012: 163, f. 1, 16, 19, 30, 39, 54, 64, 70, 76, 82, 98, 107, 116 (Dmf).

mf fulvipes (Collett, 1876)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018652]
Lycosa f. Collett, 1876: 241 (Dm).
Lycosa montivaga Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 106, pl. 2, f. 83-84 (Dmf).
Lycosa riparia Bösenberg, 1902: 383, pl. 36, f. 562 (mf, misidentified).
Lycosa montivaga Petrusewicz, 1935: 21, pl. 2, f. 1, 10, 17, 20-22, 25-27 (mf).
Lycosa prativaga f. Holm, 1947: 32, f. 14b, pl. 10, f. 38 (m, Df).
P. kervillei montivaga Roewer, 1955c: 165.
P. prativaga f. Roewer, 1955c: 170.
P. f. Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 419, f. 3, 7, 12, 14-15, pl. I, f. 5-6, pl II, f. 8-9, pl. III, f. 4-7 (mf, elevated from subspecies of P. prativaga, S).
P. f. Holm, 1973: 101, f. 88-89 (f).
P. f. Kronestedt, 1986b: 130, f. 2c.
P. f. Izmailova, 1989: 33, f. 18 (f).
P. f. Roberts, 1995: 217, f. (mf).
P. f. Roberts, 1998: 230, f. (mf).
P. f. Guryanova, 2003: 6, f. 13 (f).
P. f. Almquist, 2005: 233, f. 230a-f (mf).

mf furcifera (Thorell, 1875)....................Canada, Alaska, Greenland, Iceland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018653]
Lycosa f. Thorell, 1875d: 499 (Dmf).
P. f. Braendegaard, 1946: 12, f. 1-2 (mf).
P. f. Holm, 1967: 90 (m).
P. f. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 185, f. 242-246 (mf).
P. f. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 162, f. 1795-1798 (mf).

f fuscosoma Wunderlich, 1992....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018654]
P. f. Wunderlich, 1992a: 466, f. 725-726 (Df).

mf fuscula (Thorell, 1875)....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018655]
Lycosa f. Thorell, 1875d: 501 (Df).
Lycosa f. Jackson, 1933: 147, pl. 1, f. 5 (f, Dm).
P. f. Levi, 1951: 225, f. 12, 15 (mf).
P. f. Levi & Field, 1954: 456, f. 65, 69 (mf).
P. f. Dondale & Redner, 1987: 2, f. 1-2, 17-19 (mf).
P. f. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 171, f. 219-223 (mf).
P. f. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 162, f. 1799-1802 (mf).
P. f. Vogel, 2004: 60, f. 4-5 (mf).

mf gastropicta Roewer, 1959....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018656]
P. g. Roewer, 1959b: 87, f. 39a-e (Dmf).

mf gefsana Roewer, 1959....................Spain, Sicily, Sardinia, North Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018657]
P. g. Roewer, 1959b: 54, f. 113a-c (Dm).
P. nigristernis Denis, 1966e: 125, f. 38-40 (Dmf).
P. g. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 89, f. 11-13, 41 (m, Sf).
P. nigristernis Tongiorgi & Sola, 1993: 241, f. 1 (m).

m gerhardti (Strand, 1922)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018658]
Lycosa g. Strand, 1922: 147 (Dm).
P. g. Roewer, 1955c: 182.

f ghigii Caporiacco, 1932....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018659]
P. g. Caporiacco, 1932a: 237, f. 6 (Df).
P. g. Roewer, 1959b: 49, f. 12 (f).

mf ghourbanda Roewer, 1960....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018660]
P. g. Roewer, 1960c: 8, f. 6a-c (Dmf).

mf giebeli (Pavesi, 1873)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018661]
Lycosa giebelii Pavesi, 1873a: 164, f. 7-9 (Dmf).
P. ferruginea Simon, 1876a: 350, pl. 13, f. 23 (mf, misidentified).
P. g. L. Koch, 1879c: 101.
P. uncata Emerton, 1894: 425, pl. 3, f. 8, 8c-d, f (mf, in part).
Lycosa sordidata Dahl, 1908: 388, 425, f. 86 (mf, misidentified).
P. g. Lessert, 1910b: 527, f. 225 (mf).
Lycosa g. Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 41, pl. 2, f. 70, 72 (f).
Lycosa sordidata Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 39, f. 103-104 (mf).
Lycosa g. Schenkel, 1928: 23, f. 5 (mf).
Lycosa g. Jackson, 1932a: 101, pl. 1, f. 6 (m).
P. g. Simon, 1937: 1058, 1086, 1124, f. 1633, 1692 (mf).
P. g. Schenkel, 1951: 24.
P. g. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 290, f. 15-18 (mf).
P. g. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 869 (mf).
P. g. Bellmann, 1997: 146, f. (f).
P. g. Kronestedt, 2004: 285, f. 4, 11, 16, 20, 27-28 (mf).

j glabra Mello-Leitão, 1938....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018662]
P. g. Mello-Leitão, 1938a: 95 (Dj).

mf glacialis (Thorell, 1872)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018663]
Lycosa g. Thorell, 1872b: 159 (Df).
Lycosa aquilonaris L. Koch, 1874b: 400, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dmf).
Lycosa g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1877d: 281 (m).
P. umanaki Gertsch, 1933b: 23, f. 23, 43 (Dmf).
P. g. Gertsch, 1934a: 18.
P. g. Comstock, 1940: 661, f. 731d (f).
P. g. Braendegaard, 1946: 13, f. 3-5 (mf).
P. g. Leech, 1966: 163, f. 32-34 (mf).
P. g. Holm, 1967: 75, g. 91, 92A-E (mf).
P. g. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 190, f. 256-263 (mf, S).
P. g. Bartosh & Gorbunova, 1995: 121, f. 4-9, 11 (mf).
P. g. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 163, f. 1803-1806 (mf).

m golbagha Roewer, 1960....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018664]
P. g. Roewer, 1960c: 6, f. 3a-c (Dm).

mf gopalai Patel & Reddy, 1993....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018665]
P. g. Patel & Reddy, 1993b: 126, f. 4a-g (Dmf).

mf gothicana Lowrie & Dondale, 1981....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018666]
P. g. Lowrie & Dondale, 1981: 132, f. 2, 27-32 (Dmf).
P. g. Vogel, 2004: 96, f. 97, 108 (mf).

mf gracilenta (Lucas, 1846)....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018668]
Lycosa g. Lucas, 1846: 119, pl. 3, f. 9 (Dmf).
P. g. Roewer, 1955c: 163.

mf graminea Tanaka, 1985....................China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018669]
P. g. Tanaka, 1985: 76, f. 37-40 (Dmf).
P. g. Tanaka, 1993a: 289, f. 33-36 (mf).
P. g. Tanaka, 2009: 243, f. 117-118 (mf).
P. g. Zhu, Xu & Zhang, 2010: 58, f. 2a-i (mf).

mf groenlandica (Thorell, 1872)....................Russia, Alaska, Canada, USA, Greenland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018670]
Lycosa g. Thorell, 1872b: 157 (Dmf).
Lycosa tristis Thorell, 1877c: 510 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018981].
Lycosa indagatrix Thorell, 1877c: 512 (Df, preoccupied).
Lycosa iracunda Thorell, 1877c: 514 (Dmf).
Lycosa dromaea Thorell, 1878a: 395 (replacement name for L. indagatrix) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018625].
P. g. Emerton, 1894: 423, pl. 4, f. 1 (mf).
P. greenlandica Emerton, 1902: 79, f. 189-190 (f).
P. g. Chamberlin, 1908: 200, pl. 14, f. 6 (mf).
P. g. Gertsch, 1933b: 18.
Lycosa g. Jackson, 1933: 147, pl. 1, f. 4 (f).
Lycosa g. Holm, 1939a: 77, f. 3 (mf).
P. g. Comstock, 1940: 664, f. 731c (f).
P. tristis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1941b: 10.
P. nebraska Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 30, pl. 7, f. 69-70 (Dmf).
P. g. Braendegaard, 1946: 19, f. 6-7 (mf).
P. prosaica Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 21, pl. 10, f. 89 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018869].
P. g. Levi, 1951: 225, f. 13-14 (mf).
P. g. Levi & Field, 1954: 456, f. 66, 68 (mf).
P. tristis Roewer, 1955c: 195 (not a S of P. groenlandica).
P. disjuncta Buchar, 1971: 128, f. 2J (f, misidentified).
P. g. Kronestedt, 1975a: 218, f. 3c, 4C-c (m).
P. g. Bartosh & Gorbunova, 1995: 119, f. 1-3, 10 (mf).
P. dromaea Dondale & Redner, 1990: 209, f. 305-307 (removed f from S of P. groenlandica, Sm).
P. g. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 212, f. 300-304 (mf).
P. g. Dondale, 1999: 439, f. 1, 14 (mf).
P. dromaea Dondale, 1999: 443, f. 4, 6 (mf).
P. tristis Dondale, 1999: 445, f. 2, 7-8 (f, Dm).
P. prosaica Dondale, 1999: 446, f. 5, 10-13, 15 (mf).
P. g. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 163, f. 1807-1810 (mf).
P. dromaea Vogel, 2004: 88, f. 72, 93 (mf).
P. g. Vogel, 2004: 89, f. 71, 92 (mf).
P. tristis Vogel, 2004: 91, f. 65, 91 (mf).
P. g. Slowik & Sikes, 2013: 333, f. 2-4 (mf, S).

mf gromovi Ballarin et al., 2012....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045289]
P. g. Ballarin et al., 2012: 175, f. 6, 15, 23, 35, 44, 50, 52, 59, 88-91, 101, 105, 111, 120 (Dmf).

mf guadalajarana Dondale & Redner, 1984....................Mexico to El Salvador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018671]
P. g. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 99, f. 33-35, 72-73 (Dmf).

f guerechka Roewer, 1960....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018672]
P. g. Roewer, 1960c: 12, f. 9 (Df).

f gusarensis Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003....................Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038686]
P. g. Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003b: 52, f. 36-38 (Df).

mf haibeiensis Yin et al., 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018673]
P. mongolica Hu & Wu, 1989: 217, f. 179.1-2 (f, misidentified).
P. h. Yin et al., 1995b: 72, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
P. h. Yin et al., 1997c: 213, f. 100a-f (mf).
P. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 194K, 195A (mf).

mf hamifera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico, Honduras, Jamaica, Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018674]
P. h. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 320, pl. 31, f. 4 (Dm).
P. delicata Gertsch, 1934a: 20 (Dmf).
P. delicata Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 3, f. 18 (f).
P. h. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 79, f. 4, 7, 48-49 (m, Sf).

f hartmanni (Roewer, 1959)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017743]
Dingosa h. Roewer, 1959b: 356, f. 197a-b (Df).
P. h. Framenau & Baehr, 2007: 1626 (Tf from Pardosa).

m hatanensis Urita, Tang & Song, 1993....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018675]
P. h. Urita, Tang & Song, 1993: 46, f. 1A-B (Dm).

mf haupti Song, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018676]
P. h. Song, in Song & Haupt, 1995: 2, f. 2A-D (Dmf).
P. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 194L-M. 195B (mf).
P. h. Hu, 2001: 211, f. 110.1-4 (mf).

mf hedini Schenkel, 1936....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018678]
P. h. Schenkel, 1936b: 230, f. 75 (Df).
P. h. Qiu, 1981: 14, f. 4A-C (f).
P. h. Song & Feng, 1982: 450, f. 1-4 (f, Dm).
P. h. Hu, 1984: 236, f. 244.1-2 (f).
P. h. Guo, 1985: 121, f. 2-59.1-3 (f).
P. h. Song, 1987: 232, f. 188 (mf).
P. h. Zhang, 1987: 152, f. 128.1-4 (mf).
P. h. Tanaka, 1989a: 12, f. 5-8 (mf).
P. h. Chikuni, 1989b: 116, f. 36 (mf).
P. h. Feng, 1990: 151, f. 126.1-3 (mf).
P. h. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 207, f. 210.1-4 (mf).
P. h. Tanaka, 1993a: 292, f. 37-40 (mf).
P. h. Kim & Yoo, 1997a: 33, f. 4, 16-17, 32-33, 47 (mf).
P. h. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1720, f. 24a-d (mf).
P. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 194N, 195C (mf).
P. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 250, f. 154A-D (mf).
P. h. Namkung, 2002: 334, f. 20.28a-c (mf).
P. h. Kim & Cho, 2002: 208, f. 463-468 (mf).
P. h. Namkung, 2003: 336, f. 20.28a-c (mf).
P. h. Tanaka, 2009: 243, f. 119-120 (mf).
P. h. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 273, f. 197A-D (mf).
P. h. Yin et al., 2012: 840, f. 420a-g (mf).

mf herbosa Jo & Paik, 1984....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018679]
P. h. Jo & Paik, 1984: 190, f. 1A-E (Dmf).
P. umida Tanaka, 1985: 81, f. 45-48 (Dmf).
P. h. Tanaka, 1986a: 21 (S).
P. h. Tanaka, 1993a: 306, f. 57-60 (mf).
P. h. Kim & Yoo, 1997a: 34, f. 5, 18-19, 34-35, 48 (mf).
P. h. Namkung, 2002: 336, f. 20.30a-b (mf).
P. h. Chen & Song, 2003a: 456, f. 4-6 (f).
P. h. Namkung, 2003: 338, f. 20.30a-b (mf).
P. h. Tanaka, 2009: 245, f. 129-130 (mf).

mf hetchi Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018680]
P. h. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 34, pl. 7, f. 75 (Df).
P. h. Lowrie & Dondale, 1981: 131, f. 21-26 (f, Dm).
P. h. Vogel, 2004: 96, f. 98, 110 (mf).

f heterophthalma (Simon, 1898)....................India to Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018681]
Acroniops heterophthalmus Simon, 1898a: 362, f. 351 (Df).
Acroniops heterophthalmus Roewer, 1959b: 172, f. 89 (f).
P. h. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 345, f. 197-198 (f).
P. h. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 109, f. 14-18 (f).

mf hohxilensis Song, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018682]
P. h. Song, in Song & Haupt, 1995: 3, f. 3A-D (Dmf).
P. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 194O, 195D (mf).
P. h. Hu, 2001: 212, f. 111.1-4 (mf).

mf hokkaido Tanaka & Suwa, 1986....................Russia, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018683]
P. h. Tanaka & Suwa, 1986: 50, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. h. Logunov, 1992e: 62, f. 7 (f).
P. h. Tanaka, 1993a: 278, f. 17-20 (mf).
P. h. Tanaka, 2009: 241, f. 111-112 (mf).

mf hortensis (Thorell, 1872)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018684]
Lycosa saccata C. L. Koch, 1847: 51, f. 1451-1452 (mf, misidentified).
Lycosa h. Thorell, 1872a: 299 (Df).
Lycosa annulata Thorell, 1872a: 299 (Dmf).
Lycosa annulata O. P.-Cambridge, 1875e: 256, pl. 8, f. 10 (mf).
P. h. Simon, 1876a: 343, pl. 13, f. 11 (mf).
P. h. Becker, 1882b: 142, pl. 11, f. 4 (mf).
Lycosa annulata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 57, pl. 2, f. 25 (mf).
Lycosa annulata Bösenberg, 1902: 378, pl. 35, f. 553 (mf).
Lycosa annulata Smith, 1907a: 26, pl. 3, f. 13(4).
Lycosa h. Dahl, 1908: 387, 422, f. 85 (mf).
Lycosa h. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 31, f. 75-77 (mf).
Lycosa annulata Saito, 1934b: 358, pl. 15, f. 86 (f).
P. h. Simon, 1937: 1064, 1085, 1126, f. 1646, 1687 (mf).
P. h. Bonnet, 1951: 305, 307 (designated as type species).
Lycosa h. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 267, f. 130A-B, F (mf).
P. annulata Roewer, 1955c: 159.
Lycosa h. Muller, 1955: 160, f. 10, 20 (mf).
Lycosa annulata Saito, 1959: 47, f. 26a-b (f).
P. h. Wiebes, 1959b: 51, f. 71, 80, 100 (mf).
P. h. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 307, f. 150-151, 154-155 (mf).
P. h. Yaginuma, 1970d: 667 (S).
P. h. Tyschchenko, 1971: 176, f. 498, 507 (mf).
P. h. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 93, f. 39a-e (mf).
P. h. Miller, 1971: 158, pl. XXIV, f. 27, pl. XXV, f. 23 (mf).
P. h. Vlijm, 1971: 286, f. 6-7 (f).
P. h. Loksa, 1972: 16, f. 12A-E, 25D, 26A-B (mf).
P. h. den Hollander et al., 1972: 79, f. 1 (mf).
P. h. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 11 (f).
P. h. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 59c (mf).
P. h. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 332, f. 1402 (mf).
P. h. Roberts, 1995: 220, f. (mf).
P. h. Mcheidze, 1997: 235, f. 495-497 (mf).
P. h. Roberts, 1998: 234, f. (mf).

mf hydaspis Caporiacco, 1935....................Karakorum [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018687]
P. h. Caporiacco, 1935b: 238, pl. 7, f. 2 (Dmf).

mf hyperborea (Thorell, 1872)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018688]
Lycosa h. Thorell, 1872a: 293 (Dmf).
Lycosa h. pusilla Thorell, 1872a: 293 (D).
Lycosa circumcincta Collett, 1876: 238 (Df).
P. luteola Emerton, 1894: 427, pl. 3, f. 7 (Dmf).
Lycosa pusilla Strand, 1899: 60 (Df).
P. distincta Chamberlin, 1908: 192, pl. 15, f. 8-9 (mf, misidentified).
Lycosa h. pusilla Dahl, 1908: 372, 443, f. 65 (f, Dm).
Lycosa albimontis Strand, 1909d: 285 (Df).
Lycosa h. Fedotov, 1912b: 470, pl. 8, f. 11 (f).
Lycosa h. pusilla Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 32, f. 78-80 (mf).
Lycosa h. Jackson, 1930: 641, pl. 17, f. 9 (f).
P. h. Gertsch, 1933b: 24.
Lycosa h. Palmgren, 1939: 52, f. 55, 68, 83 (mf).
Lycosa circumcincta Palmgren, 1939: 59, f. 54, 87 (f).
P. saltuaria h. Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 8, 28, f. 2a-b, e-h (f, S).
Lycosa h. Holm, 1947: 28, pl. 5, f. 54-55, pl. 10, f. 27 (mf).
P. circumcincta Roewer, 1955c: 161.
P. h. pusilla Roewer, 1955c: 176.
Lycosa saltuaria h. Braendegaard, 1958: 11, f. 5-6 (m).
P. h. Holm, 1967: 79, f. 93-94 (m).
P. h. Buchar, 1968: 120, f. 2H, 3K (m).
P. h. pusilla Miller, 1971: 160, pl. LXI, f. 22-23 (m).
P. h. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 22, 40 (mf).
P. h. Kronestedt, 1981: 117 (S).
P. h. Wunderlich, 1984b: 428, f. 14-21 (mf, S).
P. h. Dondale & Redner, 1987: 10, f. 10, 13, 30-31, 34 (mf).
P. h. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 229, f. 323-326, 328 (mf).
P. h. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 872 (m).
P. h. Agnarsson, 1996: 38, f. 19A-C (mf).
P. h. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 163, f. 1811-1814 (mf).
P. h. Vogel, 2004: 99, f. 117, 119 (mf).
P. h. Almquist, 2005: 238, f. 235a-e (mf).
P. h. Hammel & Nickel, 2008: 41, f. 3A-D (mf).

mf hypocrita (Simon, 1882)....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018689]
Lycosa h. Simon, 1882b: 220, pl. 8, f. 3-6 (Dmf).
P. h. Simon, 1898a: 355.

mf ibex Buchar & Thaler, 1998....................Russia, Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018690]
P. i. Buchar & Thaler, 1998: 707, f. 4-6, 8 (Dmf).

mf ilgunensis Nosek, 1905....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018691]
P. ilgünensis Nosek, 1905b: 142, f. 20, 22 (Dmf).
P. ilguenensis Tongiorgi, 1966b: 339, f. 3-5, 20, 29 (mf).
P. i. Minoranskii, Ponomarev & Gramotenko, 1980: 33, f. 3 (f).

mf incerta Nosek, 1905....................Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018692]
P. i. Nosek, 1905b: 139, f. 17 (Df).
Lycosa i. Giltay, 1932: 19, f. 13 (f).
P. i. Tongiorgi, 1966b: 339, f. 1-2, 26 (f, Dm).
P. i. Zyuzin & Ovtsharenko, 1979: 60, f. 1-3, 6-7, 9, 11, 13 (mf).

mf indecora L. Koch, 1879....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018693]
P. i. L. Koch, 1879c: 104, pl. 3, f. 27 (Df).
Lycosa latisepta Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 51, pl. 11, f. 30 (Df).
Lycosa i. Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 41, pl. 2, f. 73-76 (f, Dm).
P. i. Holm, 1973: 101, f. 87 (f).
P. i. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 31, 54 (mf).
P. i. Izmailova, 1989: 33, f. 19 (f).
P. i. Chen & Song, 2003a: 456, f. 7-13 (mf).

f iniqua (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876)....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018694]
Lycosa i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 605 (Df).
P. i. Roewer, 1955c: 164.
P. i. Roewer, 1959b: 42, f. 7 (f).
P. i. El-Hennawy, 2005b: 141, f. 1-6 (f).

mf injucunda (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876)....................Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018695]
Lycosa i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 605, pl. 60, f. 15 (Dmf).
P. i. Simon, 1906a: 1171.
Tarentula berndti Strand, 1913a: 447 (Dm).
Lycosa proximella ituria Strand, 1913a: 463 (Dmf).
P. i. Lessert, 1915a: 69, pl. 3, f. 86-87, 89 (mf).
Lycosa feldmanni xanthippe Strand, 1916a: 106 (Df).
Hogna berndti Caporiacco, 1947d: 120 (Tm from Avicosa=Schizocosa per Roewer).
P. feldmanni xanthippe Roewer, 1955c: 179.
P. proximella ituria Roewer, 1955c: 180.
Avicosa berndti Roewer, 1955c: 235.
P. i. Roewer, 1959b: 35, f. 3a-c (mf).
P. ituria Roewer, 1959b: 91, f. 40a-e (mf, elevated from subspecies of P. proximella).
P. ganzania Roewer, 1959b: 101, f. 48a-d (Dmf).
P. pelengea Roewer, 1959b: 114, f. 56a-e (Dmf).
P. xanthippe Roewer, 1959b: 143, f. 78a-b (f, elevated from subspecies of P. feldmanni).
Avicosa berndti Roewer, 1959b: 338, f. 188a-d (m).
P. i. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 82, f. 1A, 5-7, 33, 38, 46-47, 49-50 (mf, S).

mf inopina (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876)....................Egypt to East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018696]
Lycosa i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 607, pl. 60, f. 16 (Dmf).
P. i. Roewer, 1955c: 177.
P. i. Roewer, 1959b: 44, f. 8a-c (mf).

m inquieta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876)....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018697]
Lycosa i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 606 (Dm).
P. i. Roewer, 1955c: 164.
P. i. Roewer, 1959b: 41, f. 6a-b (m).

f intermedia (Bösenberg, 1903)....................Germany [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018698]
Lycosa i. Bösenberg, 1903: 388, pl. 36, f. 572 (Df).
P. i. Roewer, 1955c: 164 (N.B.: listed as a junior S of P. palustris by Bonnet).

f invenusta (C. L. Koch, 1837)....................Greece [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018699]
Lycosa i. C. L. Koch, 1837b: 22 (Df).
Lycosa i. C. L. Koch, 1847: 27, f. 1434 (f).
Leimonia i. Simon, 1864: 351.
P. i. Caporiacco, 1948c: 47.

mf irretita Simon, 1886....................Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018700]
P. i. Simon, 1886a: 140 (Dmf).

f irriensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018701]
P. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 385, f. 228a-e (Df).

mf isago Tanaka, 1977....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018702]
P. i. Tanaka, 1977: 56, f. 5-8 (Dmf).
P. i. Zhang & Zhu, 1982: 66, f. 3a-d (mf).
P. i. Hu, 1984: 238, f. 246.1-4 (mf).
P. i. Yaginuma, 1986a: 165, f. 90.8 (mf).
P. i. Chikuni, 1989b: 115, f. 32 (mf).
P. i. Tanaka, 1993b: 11, f. 5-8 (removed mf from S of P. lyrifera, contra Zhang, 1987: 153).
P. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 309, f. 1606-1609 (mf).
P. i. Kim, 1999a: 1, f. 1-4, 13-19 (mf).
P. i. Tanaka, 2009: 245, f. 135-136 (mf).

mf italica Tongiorgi, 1966....................Southern Europe to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018703]
P. i. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 301, f. 135-138 (Dmf).
P. i. Buchar, 1968: 125, f. 4H (f).
P. i. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 95, f. 40a-e (mf).
P. proxima kitabensis Charitonov, 1969: 94, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
P. i. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, 444, f. 14, 18, 51 (mf, S).
P. paludicola Hu & Wu, 1989: 222, f. 184.1-5 (mf, misidentified).
P. i. Chen & Song, 1996: 121, f. 5-8 (mf).
P. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 194P, 195E (mf).
P. i. Ponomarev et al., 2011: 131, f. 6 (mf).
P. i. Fomichev & Marusik, 2013: 89, f. 21-28 (mf).
P. i. Marusik, Nadolny & Omelko, 2013: 215, f. 68-70 (m).

mf italica valenta Zyuzin, 1976....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018704]
P. proxima Azheganova, 1968: 41, f. 49, 62 (mf, misidentified).
P. proxima Azheganova, 1971: 17, f. 30 (mf, misidentified).
P. i. v. Zyuzin, 1976: 85, f. 1a-b, 2.1-8 (Dmf).

f izabella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018705]
P. i. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 32, pl. 7, f. 73 (Df).

f jabalpurensis Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037066]
P. j. Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999k: 95, f. 1-3 (Df).
P. j. Gajbe, 2004a: 66, f. 65-67 (f).

mf jaikensis Ponomarev, 2007....................Russia, Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041385]
P. j. Ponomarev, 2007b: 94, f. 33 (Df).
P. j. Ponomarev et al., 2011: 129, f. 4-5 (f, Dm).

mf jambaruensis Tanaka, 1990....................China, Taiwan, Okinawa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018706]
P. j. Tanaka, 1990c: 23, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. j. Tanaka, 1993a: 297, f. 45-48 (mf).
P. j. Yin et al., 1997c: 243, f. 114a-i (mf).
P. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 195F, K (mf).
P. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 251, f. 155A-D (mf).
P. j. Wei & Chen, 2003: 90, f. 2A-D, 3A-D (mf).
P. j. Tanaka, 2009: 243, f. 123-124 (mf).
P. j. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 274, f. 198A-D (mf).
P. j. Yin et al., 2012: 842, f. 421a-i (mf).

f jartica Urita, Tang & Song, 1993....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018707]
P. j. Urita, Tang & Song, 1993: 47, f. 2A-B (Df).

f jaundea (Roewer, 1960)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017527]
Amblyothele j. Roewer, 1960d: 956, f. 529a-b (Df).
P. j. Russell-Smith, Jocqué & Alderweireldt, 2009: 155 (Tf from Amblyothele).

mf jeniseica Eskov & Marusik, 1995....................Russia, Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018708]
P. j. Eskov & Marusik, 1995: 65, f. 64-65 (Dm; N.B.: attributed by Eskov & Marusik to Zyuzin, 1991, but no such description ever appeared).
P. j. Esyunin, Efimik & Mazura, 1999: 323, f. 1-2 (Df, misidentified per Azarkina & Trilikauskas, 2013a: 64).
P. j. Azarkina & Trilikauskas, 2013a: 63, f. 43-44 (Df).
P. j. Kronestedt, 2013: 57, f. 4 (f).

mf jergeniensis Ponomarev, 1979....................Russia, Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018709]
P. j. Ponomarev, 1979b: 1589, f. 1 (Dmf).
P. j. Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003a: 46, f. 6-9, 16 (mf).

mf jinpingensis Yin et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018710]
P. j. Yin et al., 1997b: 21, f. 14-20 (Dmf).
P. j. Yin et al., 1997c: 180, f. 83a-g (mf).
P. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 195G, L (mf).

f josemitensis (Strand, 1908)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018711]
Lycosa j. Strand, 1908e: 256 (Df).
P. j. Roewer, 1955c: 192 (not a S of P. modica).

f kalpiensis Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040096]
P. k. Gajbe, 2004a: 14, f. 14-16 (Df).

mf karagonis (Strand, 1913)....................Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018712]
Lycosa k. Strand, 1913a: 459 (Dmf).
P. k. Lessert, 1926: 348, f. 11 (mf).
P. caragonis Caporiacco, 1947d: 127 (lapsus).
P. k. Roewer, 1959b: 103, f. 49a-d (mf).

f karagonis nivicola Lessert, 1926....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018713]
P. k. n. Lessert, 1926: 351 (Df).

f katangana Roewer, 1959....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018714]
P. k. Roewer, 1959b: 107, f. 51a-b (Df).

mf kavango Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992....................Namibia, Botswana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018715]
P. k. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 96, f. 20-23, 42 (Dmf).

mf knappi Dondale, 2007....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040097]
P. k. Dondale, 2007: 506, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

f kondeana Roewer, 1959....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018716]
P. k. Roewer, 1959b: 92, f. 41a-b (Df).

f kratochvili (Kolosváry, 1934)....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018717]
Lycosa k. Kolosváry, 1934b: 16, f. 15 (Df).
P. k. Roewer, 1955c: 165.

f krausi (Roewer, 1959)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018718]
Pardosops k. Roewer, 1959b: 152, f. 115 (Df).
P. k. Brignoli, 1983c: 455.

mf kronestedti Song, Zhang & Zhu, 2002....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037717]
P. k. Song, Zhang & Zhu, 2002: 145, f. 1A-E (Dmf).

mf kupupa (Tikader, 1970)....................India, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018719]
Lycosa k. Tikader, 1970: 66, f. 38a-c (Dmf).
P. k. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 333, f. 171-175 (Tmf from Lycosa).
P. palavulva Song, 1982b: 77, f. 7-9 (Df).
P. palavulva Hu, 1984: 240, f. 249.1-2 (f).
P. k. Song, 1987: 236, f. 192 (mf).
P. palavulva Hu & Li, 1987a: 351, f. 24.1-4 (Dm).
P. k. Yu & Song, 1988c: 116 (S).
P. palavulva Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 196L, R (mf).
P. k. Hu, 2001: 193, f. 93.1-4 (mf).

mf labradorensis (Thorell, 1875)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018720]
Lycosa l. Thorell, 1875d: 502 (Dmf).
P. l. Chamberlin, 1908: 205.
P. lengi Gertsch, 1933b: 23, f. 24, 34 (Dmf).
P. l. Kronestedt, 1981: 119, f. 3b, 4b, 5C, 5c, 6b-c, 7b (mf, S).
P. l. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 187, f. 247-250 (mf).
P. l. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 163, f. 1815-1818 (mf).
P. l. Vogel, 2004: 89, f. 61, 81 (mf).

f laciniata Song & Haupt, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018721]
P. l. Song & Haupt, 1995: 4, f. 4A-B (Df).
P. l. Song & Haupt, 1996: 313, f. 2a-b (f).
P. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 321, f. 195M (f).

mf laevitarsis Tanaka & Suwa, 1986....................Japan, Okinawa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018723]
P. l. Tanaka & Suwa, 1986: 56, f. 9-12 (Dmf).
P. l. Tanaka, 1993a: 283, f. 25-28 (mf).
P. l. Tanaka, 2009: 241, f. 107-108 (mf).

mf lagenaria Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043821]
P. l. Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 389, f. 3a-b, 9a-d (Dmf).

f laidlawi Simon, 1901....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018725]
P. l. Simon, 1901k: 69 (Df).

mf lapidicina Emerton, 1885....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018726]
P. l. Emerton, 1885: 494, pl. 48, f. 5 (Dmf).
P. venusta Banks, 1892a: 69, pl. 1, f. 42 (Df).
P. obsoleta Banks, 1892a: 71, pl. 3, f. 45 (Df).
P. l. Emerton, 1902: 78, f. 186-188 (mf).
P. l. Montgomery, 1903: 652, pl. 29, f. 6, 9 (mf).
P. l. Montgomery, 1904: 272, pl. 19, f. 24 (mf).
P. l. Comstock, 1912: 655, f. 731g, 732a.
P. l. Gertsch, 1934a: 19.
P. l. Comstock, 1940: 663, f. 731g, 732a (mf).
P. l. Kaston, 1948: 337, f. 1129, 1143-1145, 2069 (mf).
P. l. Barnes, 1959: 4, f. 6-10 (mf).
P. l. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 217, f. 312-316 (mf).
P. l. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 164, f. 1819-1822 (mf).
P. l. Vogel, 2004: 70, f. 34, 40 (mf).

mf lapponica (Thorell, 1872)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018727]
Lycosa l. Thorell, 1872a: 273 (Dm, not f).
Lycosa l. Schenkel, 1928: 20, f. 3 (Df).
Lycosa l. Palmgren, 1939: 51, f. 52, 71, 81, 92 (mf).
P. l. Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 45, f. 4a, c (mf).
Lycosa l. Holm, 1947: 36, f. 6b, pl. 7, f. 74-75, pl. 10, f. 46 (mf).
P. harperi Bishop, 1949: 101, f. 7-8 (Df).
P. l. Bishop, 1949: 103, f. 10 (f).
P. l. Roewer, 1955c: 165.
P. l. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 294, f. 30-33 (mf).
P. l. Buchar, 1971: 121, f. 1B (f).
P. l. Savelyeva, 1972b: 460, f. 1e (f).
P. l. Kononenko, 1978: 66, f. 1b (f).
P. l. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 42 (m).
P. l. Buchar, 1981: 5, f. C-D (m).
P. l. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 823, f. 13-14, 38-39 (mf, S).
P. l. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 167, f. 210-213 (mf).
P. l. Yin et al., 1997c: 201, f. 93a-c (f).
P. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 195N (f).
P. l. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 164, f. 1823-1826 (mf).
P. l. Almquist, 2005: 213, f. 213a-f (mf).

mf lasciva L. Koch, 1879....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018728]
P. l. L. Koch, 1879c: 103, pl. 3, f. 16 (Df).
P. guernei Simon, 1887f: 457 (Df).
Lycosa guernei Palmgren, 1939: 42, f. 40, 79, 84 (f).
Lycosa l. Holm, 1947: 35, pl. 7, f. 76-77, pl. 10, f. 43 (f, Dm).
P. l. Holm, 1973: 101, f. 92-100 (mf, S).
P. l. Zhou & Song, 1987: 20, f. 5a-d (f).
P. l. Hu & Wu, 1989: 213, f. 177.1-2 (f).
P. l. Izmailova, 1989: 34, f. 20 (f).
P. l. Almquist, 2005: 229, f. 226a-f (mf).

mf latibasa Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043822]
P. l. Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 391, f. 4a-b, 10a-d (Dmf).

mf laura Karsch, 1879....................Russia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018729]
P. l. Karsch, 1879g: 102, pl. 1, f. 21 (Df).
Lycosa l. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 323, pl. 8, f. 111, pl. 13, f. 317, 333 (Dmf).
Tarentula palus Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 391, pl. 7, f. 95 (Df).
Pirata longipedis Saito, 1939: 74, f. 9.5, pl. 1, f. 1 (Df).
Lycosa l. Saito, 1939: 76, f. 9 (7) (mf).
Avicosa longipedis Roewer, 1955c: 234.
Lycosa l. Saito, 1959: 57, text-f. 7.5, f. 41a-e (mf).
Pirata longipedis Saito, 1959: 59, f. 45a-b (f).
P. l. Yaginuma, 1960: 85, f. 76.2 (f).
P. l. Yaginuma, 1965b: 366, f. 9.2 (f).
P. l. Yaginuma, 1971: 85, f. 76.2 (f).
P. longipedis Tanaka, 1974a: 42 (Tf from Avicosa=Schizocosa).
P. l. Tanaka, 1974b: 2, f. 1 (mf).
P. l. Tanaka, 1975: 21, f. 5-8 (mf).
P. l. Paik, 1976b: 84, f. 3-4 (f).
P. l. Shimojana, 1977b: 113, pl. 6A-B (mf).
P. l. Yin, 1978: 10, f. 3A-D (mf).
P. l. Song et al., 1978: 3, f. 5A-C (mf).
P. l. Paik, 1978e: 107, f. 25.2 (f).
P. l. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 66, f. 51.1-2 (mf).
P. l. Song, 1980: 167, f. 89a-d (mf).
P. l. Tanaka, 1980: 51, f. 8-9 (f).
P. l. Qiu, 1981: 15, f. 5A-D (mf).
P. l. Wang, 1981: 124, f. 64A-C (mf).
P. l. Hu, 1984: 238, f. 247.1-4 (mf).
P. l. Zhu et al., 1985: 138, f. 122a-d (mf).
P. agraria Tanaka, 1985: 70, f. 29-32 (Dmf).
P. diversa Tanaka, 1985: 73, f. 33-36 (Dmf).
P. l. Yaginuma, 1986a: 163, f. 90.3 (mf, S).
P. l. Song, 1987: 233, f. 189 (mf).
P. l. Zhang, 1987: 154, f. 130.1-2 (mf).
P. l. Chikuni, 1989b: 114, f. 25 (mf).
P. agraria Qiu & Wang, 1990: 2, f. 9-12 (m).
P. l. Feng, 1990: 152, f. 127.1-5 (mf).
P. l. Chen & Gao, 1990: 127, f. 158a-b (mf).
P. l. Qiu & Wang, 1990: 2, f. 6-8 (mf).
P. l. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 200, f. 199.1-4 (mf).
P. l. Tanaka, 1993a: 268, f. 5-8 (mf, S).
P. agraria Tanaka, 1993a: 272, f. 9-12 (mf).
P. diversa Tanaka, 1993a: 275, f. 13-16 (mf).
P. l. Zhao, 1993: 89, f. 38a-c (mf).
P. l. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 307, f. 1594-1597 (mf).
P. l. Kim & Yoo, 1997a: 35, f. 7, 36-37, 49 (f).
P. l. Yin et al., 1997c: 182, f. 84a-f (mf, S).
P. l. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1721, f. 25a-d (mf).
P. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 195H, O (mf).
P. diversa Hu, 2001: 187, f. 88.1-5 (mf).
P. l. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 28, f. 57 (m).
P. l. Namkung, 2002: 330, f. 20.24a-c (mf).
P. l. Kim & Cho, 2002: 208, f. 469-474 (mf).
P. l. Namkung, 2003: 332, f. 20.24a-c (mf).
P. l. Tanaka, 2009: 240, f. 103-104 (mf).
P. agraria Tanaka, 2009: 240, f. 105-106 (mf).
P. diversa Tanaka, 2009: 241, f. 109-110 (mf).
P. l. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 275, f. 199A-E (mf).
P. l. Yin et al., 2012: 844, f. 422a-f (mf).

m lawrencei Roewer, 1959....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018730]
P. l. Roewer, 1959b: 93, f. 42a-c (Dm).

mf leipoldti Purcell, 1903....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018731]
P. l. Purcell, 1903b: 136, pl. 8, f. 24 (Dmf).
P. l. Roewer, 1959b: 128, f. 65 (f).

f leprevosti Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018732]
P. l. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 266, pl. 36, f. 20 (Df).
Pardosops l. Roewer, 1955c: 198.

m lignosus Ghafoor & Alvi, 2007....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043244]
P. l. Ghafoor & Alvi, 2007: 181, f. 1A-E (Dm).

mf lii Marusik, Nadolny & Omelko, 2013....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046338]
P. l. Marusik, Nadolny & Omelko, 2013: 212, f. 6-7, 46-52, 54-67 (Dmf).

f limata Roewer, 1959....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018734]
P. l. Roewer, 1959b: 132, f. 68a-b (Df).

f lineata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018735]
P. l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 321, pl. 31, f. 7 (Df).

f linguata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018736]
P. l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 320, pl. 31, f. 5 (Df).

mf litangensis Xu, Zhu & Kim, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043338]
P. l. Xu, Zhu & Kim, 2010: 2, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf littoralis Banks, 1896....................USA, Canada, Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018737]
P. l. Banks, 1896c: 192 (Dmf).
P. longispinata Tullgren, 1901a: 23, pl. 1, f. 13 (Df).
P. floridana Banks, 1904c: 136, pl. 7, f. 1, pl. 8, f. 15 (Df).
P. banksi Chamberlin, 1904a: 175 (replacement name for P. littoralis, preoccupied in Pardosa by Aranea l. De Geer, but that name already in synonymy).
P. banksi Chamberlin, 1908: 182, pl. 13, f. 7 (Dmf).
P. l. Emerton, 1909: 207, pl. 6, f. 5 (mf).
P. floridana Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 5, f. 12, 16 (f, Dm).
P. ocala Bryant, 1935a: 81, pl. 5, f. 12 (Df).
P. floridana Kaston, 1948: 336, f. 1126, 1140-1141 (mf).
P. longispinata Wallace, 1950: 77, pl. 1, f. 3-4 (mf).
P. l. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 91, f. 22, 25, 60-61 (mf, S).
P. l. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 162, f. 206-209 (mf).
P. l. Vogel, 2004: 77, f. 44, 55 (mf).

mf logunovi Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044492]
P. l. Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011: 8, f. 32-33, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44-45, 48-49, 52-53, 56, 59-60, 63-64 (Dmf).

m lombokibia (Strand, 1915)....................Lombok [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018738]
Lycosa l. Strand, 1915d: 260, pl. 19, f. 100 (Dm).
P. l. Roewer, 1955c: 183.

m longionycha Yin et al., 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018739]
P. l. Yin et al., 1995a: 8, f. 1-3 (Dm).
P. l. Yin et al., 1997c: 245, f. 115a-c (m).
P. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 195I (m).

f longisepta Chen & Song, 2002....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038687]
P. l. Chen & Song, 2002: 341, f. 1-3 (Df).

mf longivulva F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018741]
P. l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 318, pl. 30, f. 21-22 (Dmf).
Lycosa longivulvula Roewer, 1951: 440 (superfluous replacement name).
P. l. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 100, f. 36-38, 74-75 (mf, S).

mf lowriei Kronestedt, 1975....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018742]
P. l. Kronestedt, 1975a: 221, f. 2b, 3b, 4B-b, 6a-b, 7b (Dmf).
P. l. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 208, f. 296-299 (mf).
P. l. Vogel, 2004: 90, f. 66, 88 (mf).

mf luctinosa Simon, 1876....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018743]
P. l. Simon, 1876a: 347, pl. 13, f. 24-25 (Dmf).
Lycosa entzii Chyzer, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 60, pl. 2, f. 26 (Dmf).
P. l. Simon, 1937: 1059, 1086, 1124, f. 1618, 1693 (mf).
Lycosa entzii Kolosváry, 1940: 146, f. 1a (f).
Lycosa entzii Kolosváry, 1942: 175, f. 1a (f).
P. wagleri lagunaris Caporiacco, 1950e: 121, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. entzii Roewer, 1955c: 162.
P. l. Tongiorgi, 1964: 244, f. 1-5 (mf, S).
P. l. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 300, f. 139-142 (mf).
P. entzi Tyschchenko, 1971: 175, f. 492, 505 (mf).
P. l. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 97, f. 41a-e (mf).
P. l. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 13 (f).
P. l. Zyuzin, 1985b: 160, f. 12 (m).
P. l. Hu & Wu, 1989: 214, f. 178.1-6 (mf).
P. l. Zhao, 1993: 87, f. 37a-c (mf).
P. taxkorgan Song & Haupt, 1995: 5, f. 5A-D (Dmf).
P. taxkorgan Song & Haupt, 1996: 314, f. 4a-d (mf).
P. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 195J, P (mf, S).

mf luctinosa etsinensis Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018744]
P. entzii e. Schenkel, 1963: 369, f. 214a-b (Dmf).
P. l. e. Tongiorgi, 1964: 246.
P. l. e. Yin et al., 1997c: 263, f. 124a-f (mf).

f luctinosa marina (Kolosváry, 1940)....................Balkans [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018745]
Lycosa entzi m. Kolosváry, 1940: 147, f. 1b (Df).
Lycosa entzi m. Kolosváry, 1942: 175, f. 1b (f).
P. entzii m. Roewer, 1955c: 162.
P. l. m. Tongiorgi, 1964: 246.

mf ludia (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018746]
Lycosa l. Thorell, 1895: 245 (Dmf).

mf lugubris (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018747]
Aranea chelata Müller, 1764: 94 (D; suppressed by ICZN Opinion 2049; see Kronestedt, Dondale & Zyuzin, 2002: 10).
Aranea dorsalis Fabricius, 1775: 437 (D; nomen oblitum).
Aranea l. Walckenaer, 1802: 239 (D).
Lycosa l. Walckenaer, 1805: 13.
Lycosa silvicola Sundevall, 1833a: 176 (Df).
Lycosa lugubris Walckenaer, 1837: 329 (Dmf).
Lycosa silvicola Westring, 1861: 474 (Dmf).
P. silvicola Zimmermann, 1871: 42.
Lycosa silvicola Thorell, 1872a: 276.
P. l. Simon, 1876a: 337.
Lycosa nigriceps Menge, 1879: 549, pl. 89, f. 313 (Dm, not f).
Lycosa silvicola Menge, 1879: 553, pl. 90, f. 317 (mf).
Lycosa nemoralis Bertkau, 1880b: 288.
P. l. Becker, 1882b: 138, pl. 11, f. 2 (mf).
Lycosa l. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 58, pl. 2, f. 9 (mf).
Lycosa blanca Wagner, 1894: 30, 32.
Lycosa l. arctica Strand, 1906a: 468 (D).
Lycosa chelata Fedotov, 1912a: 117, f. 65 (f).
Lycosa l. Spassky, 1925: 48, f. 17, 26 (mf).
Lycosa chelata Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 43, f. 111-113 (mf).
Lycosa chelata Reimoser, 1930b: 57, f. 14 (mf).
Lycosa l. Bristowe, 1933c: 284, f. 2-3 (f).
P. l. Simon, 1937: 1065, 1082, 1130, f. 1650, 1682 (mf).
Lycosa chelata Palmgren, 1939: 45, f. 47, 64, 78 (mf).
Lycosa l. Holm, 1947: 33, f. 12a, pl. 6, f. 68-69, pl. 10, f. 39 (mf).
Lycosa chelata Muller, 1955: 162, f. 13, 22 (mf).
Lycosa lugbris Yaginuma, 1957a: 57, f. 2 (f).
P. l. Wiebes, 1959b: 53, f. 74, 78, 101 (mf).
P. lugbris Yaginuma, 1960: 85, f. 76.8 (f).
Lycosa l. Lehtinen & Kleemola, 1962: 108, f. 12 (f).
P. l. Azheganova, 1968: 38, f. 53, 60 (mf).
P. barndti Wunderlich, 1969: 384, f. 10-11 (Dm).
P. l. Wunderlich, 1969: 384, f. 9 (m).
P. l. Yaginuma, 1971: 85, f. 76.8 (f).
P. l. Azheganova, 1971: 16, f. 29 (mf).
P. l. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 99, f. 42a-e (mf).
P. l. Miller, 1971: 159, pl. XXV, f. 3-4 (mf).
P. l. Loksa, 1972: 13, f. 8, 10A-C, 23E-F (mf).
P. l. Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1972: 94, f. 14 (f).
P. l. Traciuc, 1973: 364, f. 2b (f).
P. l. Ovtsharenko, 1979: 49, f. 26-27 (mf).
P. l. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 1, 34 (mf).
P. l. Oliger, 1981: 7, f. 12-15 (mf).
P. l. Wunderlich, 1984c: 2, f. 14-32, 34 (mf, S).
P. l. Kronestedt, 1984: 104, f. 13-14.
P. l. Zyuzin, 1985a: 44, f. 11.
P. l. Zyuzin, 1985b: 158, f. 1-2 (mf).
P. l. Yaginuma, 1986a: 163, f. 90.5 (mf).
P. l. Chikuni, 1989b: 116, f. 34 (mf).
P. l. Izmailova, 1989: 34, f. 21 (f).
P. l. Töpfer-Hofmann & von Helversen, 1990: 349, f. 1a (m).
P. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 328, f. 881-882 (mf).
P. l. Tanaka, 1993a: 265, f. 1-4 (mf).
P. l. Suhm & Alberti, 1996: 637, f. 1-2 (f).
P. l. Mcheidze, 1997: 251, f. 478-480 (mf).
P. l. Kim & Yoo, 1997a: 35, f. 8, 20-21, 38-39, 50 (mf).
P. l. Bellmann, 1997: 144, f. (f).
P. l. Roberts, 1998: 233, f. (mf).
P. l. Kronestedt, 1999: 3, f. 1c, 3f-k, 5b-c, 6b, 8b (mf).
P. l. Töpfer-Hofmann, Cordes & von Helversen, 2000: 265, f. 20-23 (m).
P. lugbris Yoo & Kim, 2002: 28, f. 59 (m, lapsus).
P. l. Namkung, 2002: 333, f. 20.27a-c (mf).
P. l. Kim & Cho, 2002: 217, f. 475-480 (mf).
P. l. Namkung, 2003: 335, f. 20.27a-c (mf).
P. l. Harvey, 2004: 9, unnumbered f. (mf).
P. l. Almquist, 2005: 216, f. 215a-g (mf).
P. l. Adam, 2007: 105, f. 1A-B (f).
P. l. Tanaka, 2009: 240, f. 101-102 (mf).
P. l. Zhu, Xu & Zhang, 2010: 59, f. 3a-f (f).
P. l. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 184, f. 22.11 (m).
P. l. Nadolny & Kovblyuk, 2012: 72, f. 4, 6, 9-10, 14, 18, 22, 26, 30, 36, 38, 51-59 (mf).

m lurida Roewer, 1959....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018748]
P. l. Roewer, 1959b: 95, f. 43a-c (Dm).

mf lusingana Roewer, 1959....................Congo, Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018749]
P. l. Roewer, 1959b: 109, f. 53a-e (Dmf).
Dingosa hamigerens Roewer, 1959b: 352, f. 194a-d (Dm).
Dingosa lusingensis Roewer, 1959b: 353, f. 195a-c (Df).
P. l. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 91, f. 14-16, 40 (mf, S).

f lycosina Purcell, 1903....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018750]
P. l. Purcell, 1903b: 134, pl. 8, f. 21 (Df).
P. l. Roewer, 1959b: 127, f. 64 (f).

f lycosinella Lawrence, 1927....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018751]
P. l. Lawrence, 1927: 52, pl. 2, f. 40 (Df).
P. l. Roewer, 1959b: 133, f. 69 (f).

mf lyrata (Odenwall, 1901)....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018752]
Lycosa l. Odenwall, 1901: 270, f. 16-19 (Dmf).
P. l. Roewer, 1955c: 166.
Acantholycosa lignaria Loksa, 1965: 15, f. 22 (f, misidentified).
P. l. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 8 (f).
P. l. Izmailova, 1989: 35, f. 22 (f).

mf lyrifera Schenkel, 1936....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018753]
P. l. Schenkel, 1936b: 234, f. 77 (Df).
P. koreana Jo & Paik, 1984: 192, f. 2A-F (Dmf).
P. l. Guo, 1985: 122, f. 2-60.1-2 (f).
P. l. Zhu et al., 1985: 139, f. 123a-e (mf).
P. l. Zhang, 1987: 153, f. 129.1-4 (f, Sm).
P. l. Yu & Song, 1988c: 113, f. 1-2 (mf, S).
P. l. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 204, f. 206.1-4 (mf).
P. l. Kim & Yoo, 1997a: 36, f. 9, 22-23, 40-41, 51 (mf).
P. l. Yin et al., 1997c: 224, f. 105a-g (mf).
P. l. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1722, f. 26a-b (f).
P. l. Kim, 1999a: 1, f. 5-12 (mf).
P. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 195Q, 196A (mf).
P. l. Hu, 2001: 194, f. 94.1-4 (mf).
P. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 252, f. 156A-D (mf).
P. l. Namkung, 2002: 332, f. 20.26a-b (mf).
P. l. Namkung, 2003: 334, f. 20.26a-b (mf).
P. l. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 276, f. 200A-D (mf).
P. l. Yin et al., 2012: 845, f. 423a-g (mf).

m mabinii Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018755]
P. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 405, f. 242a-e (Dm).

f mabweana Roewer, 1959....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018756]
P. m. Roewer, 1959b: 112, f. 54a-b (Df).

mf mackenziana (Keyserling, 1877)....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018757]
Lycosa m. Keyserling, 1877a: 621, pl. 1, f. 7 (Df).
P. m. Chamberlin, 1908: 207, pl. 15, f. 5-7 (mf).
P. m. Kaston, 1948: 335, f. 1133-1136 (mf).
P. metlakatloides Schenkel, 1951: 27, f. 36 (Df).
P. m. Lowrie & Dondale, 1981: 134, f. 3, 38-47 (mf, S).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 137, f. 148-153 (mf).
P. m. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 164, f. 1827-1830 (mf).
P. m. Vogel, 2004: 96, f. 100, 111 (mf).

?? maculata Franganillo, 1931....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018758]
P. m. Franganillo, 1931: 286 (D).
P. m. Franganillo, 1934: 152 (D).

mf maculatipes (Keyserling, 1887)....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018759]
Lycosa m. Keyserling, 1887b: 482, pl. 6, f. 43 (Dmf).
P. m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 572.
P. m. Zapfe-Mann, 1979: 7, f. 5-6 (mf).
P. m. Casanueva, 1980: 51, f. 70-72 (f).

f maimaneha Roewer, 1960....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018761]
P. m. Roewer, 1960c: 11, f. 8 (Df).

mf maisa Hippa & Mannila, 1982....................Finland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Rep., Poland, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018762]
P. m. Hippa & Mannila, 1982: 420, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. m. Kupryjanowicz, 1995d: 57, f. 1-5 (mf).
P. troitskensis Esyunin, 1996: 1154, f. 3.1-5 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018982].
P. m. Milasowszky, Buchar & Zulka, 1999: 11, f. 1-3, 11-25 (m).
P. m. Szinetár & Guitprecht, 2001: 92, f. 4-5 (mf).
P. m. Esyunin, Tuneva & Farzalieva, 2007: 53 (S).

m manicata Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018763]
P. m. Thorell, 1899: 87 (Dm).
P. m. Roewer, 1959b: 140, f. 74a-c (m).

mf manubriata Simon, 1898....................East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018764]
P. m. Simon, 1898f: 31 (Dm).
P. m. Simon, 1898a: 358, f. 356 (m).
P. m. Lawrence, 1928: 256, pl. 22, f. 36 (m, Df).
P. m. Lessert, 1936: 282, f. 77-78 (m).
P. m. Roewer, 1959b: 125, f. 63a-d (mf).

m marchei Simon, 1890....................Mariana Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018765]
P. m. Simon, 1890c: 134 (Dm).

mf marialuisae Dondale & Redner, 1984....................Mexico to Honduras [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018766]
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 101, f. 39-40, 42, 76-77 (Dmf).

mf martensi Buchar, 1978....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018767]
P. m. Buchar, 1978: 257, f. 1, 4a-b, 8a-b, 11, 14-15, 17, 20, 23 (Dmf).

mf martinii (Pavesi, 1883)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018768]
Lycosa m. Pavesi, 1883: 64 (Dmf).
P. m. Caporiacco, 1939a: 329, f. 8 (mf).
P. m. Roewer, 1959b: 65, f. 22a-b (mf).

f masareyi Mello-Leitão, 1939....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018769]
P. m. Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 56, f. 20-22 (Df).

mf masurae Esyunin & Efimik, 1998....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018770]
P. m. Esyunin & Efimik, 1998: 148, f. 12-18 (Dmf).
P. m. Marusik et al., 2002b: 342, f. 5-10 (m).

mf mayana Dondale & Redner, 1984....................Mexico to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018771]
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 85, f. 14-15, 56-57 (Dmf).

f medialis Banks, 1898....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018772]
P. m. Banks, 1898b: 273, pl. 16, f. 29 (Df).
P. m. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 32, pl. 7, f. 74 (f).

m mendicans (Simon, 1882)....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018773]
Lycosa m. Simon, 1882b: 219 (Dm).
P. m. Roewer, 1955c: 179.

mf mercurialis Montgomery, 1904....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018774]
P. m. Montgomery, 1904: 270, pl. 19, f. 20-21 (Dmf).
P. texana Banks, 1904a: 115, f. 4 (Df).
P. lapidicina Chamberlin, 1908: 195, pl. 8, f. 2, 4-5, pl. 14, f. 7-8 (mf, misidentified).
P. m. Barnes, 1959: 5, f. 11-15 (mf).
P. m. Vogel, 2004: 71, f. 35, 41 (mf).

mf messingerae (Strand, 1916)....................West, Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018775]
Lycosa proximella m. Strand, 1916a: 102 (Df).
P. proximella messengerae Caporiacco, 1940c: 800, f. 1 (f).
P. m. Roewer, 1959b: 96, f. 44a-b (f, elevated from subspecies).
P. m. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 86, f. 1B, 8-10, 34, 39 (f, Dm).

mf metlakatla Emerton, 1917....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018776]
P. m. Emerton, 1917: 268, f. 208f, 20(3-4) (Df).
P. hesperella Chamberlin, 1919b: 16, pl. 6, f. 6 (Df).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 816, f. 1, 4, 21, 24-25 (mf).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 145, f. 166-170 (mf).
P. m. Vogel, 2004: 61, f. 6, 9 (mf).

m mikhailovi Ballarin et al., 2012....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045288]
P. m. Ballarin et al., 2012: 173, f. 5, 24, 34, 43, 58, 68, 74, 80, 86 (Dm).

mf milvina (Hentz, 1844)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018777]
Lycosa m. Hentz, 1844: 392, pl. 18, f. 8 (Df).
Lycosa canadensis Blackwall, 1871: 429 (Df).
Lycosa flavipes Keyserling, 1877a: 616, pl. 7, f. 4 (Df).
P. nigropalpis Emerton, 1885: 497, pl. 49, f. 1 (Dmf).
P. m. Banks, 1898b: 273.
P. nigropalpis Emerton, 1902: 83, f. 202-204 (mf).
P. nigropalpis Montgomery, 1902: 569, pl. 30, f. 37-38 (mf).
P. scita Montgomery, 1902: 573, pl. 30, f. 37-38 (Dmf).
P. m. Banks, 1904a: 115, f. 6 (f).
P. m. Chamberlin, 1908: 179, pl. 13, f. 3-4 (mf).
P. m. Comstock, 1912: 654, f. 731i, 732e.
Lycosa nigropalpis Strand, 1916b: 137.
P. m. Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 5, f. 19-20 (mf).
P. m. Comstock, 1940: 662, f. 731i, 732e (mf).
P. m. Muma, 1943: 52, pl. XII, f. 12 (f).
P. m. Kaston, 1948: 334, f. 1100-1103, 1138 (mf).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 97, f. 30-32, 70-71 (mf, S).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 165, f. 201-205 (mf).
P. m. Breene et al., 1993: 96, f. 136A-C (mf).
P. m. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 164, f. 1831-1834 (mf).
P. m. Vogel, 2004: 77, f. 49, 56 (mf).

f minuta Tikader & Malhotra, 1976....................India, Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018778]
P. minutus Tikader & Malhotra, 1976b: 126, f. 3-4 (Df).
P. minutus Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 319, f. 146-148 (f).
P. m. Brignoli, 1983c: 454.
P. minutus Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 113, f. 26-31 (f).

mf mionebulosa Yin et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018779]
P. m. Yin et al., 1997b: 21, f. 21-28 (Dmf).
P. m. Yin et al., 1997c: 246, f. 116a-h (mf).
P. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 195R, 196B (mf).
P. m. Yin et al., 2012: 847, f. 424a-h (mf).

mf miquanensis Yin et al., 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018780]
P. m. Yin et al., 1995b: 73, f. 9-14 (Dmf).
P. m. Yin et al., 1997c: 203, f. 94a-f (mf).
P. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 331, f. 196C, K (mf).

m mira Caporiacco, 1941....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018781]
P. m. Caporiacco, 1941b: 35, f. 6 (Dm).
P. m. Caporiacco, 1941b: 47, f. 11 (Dm).
P. m. Roewer, 1959b: 68, f. 24 (m).

mf mixta (Kulczyn'ski, 1887)....................Europe, Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018782]
Lycosa m. Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 299, 301, pl. 5, f. 11, 13 (Dmf).
Lycosa m. Kulczyn'ski, 1909a: 441, pl. 22, f. 9, 15 (m).
P. m. Lessert, 1910b: 511.
Lycosa m. Kratochvíl, 1935b: 14, 18, f. 2-4, 10 (mf).
P. monticola m. Simon, 1937: 1129.
P. m. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 282, f. 80-81, 93, 104-106 (mf).
P. m. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 101, f. 43a-d (mf).
P. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 324, f. 859 (mf).
P. m. Pirchegger & Thaler, 1999: 49, f. 4 (m).
P. m. Marusik & Fritzén, 2009: 418, f. 1D, G-H, 2C-E, 3A, E-F, H-I, 4A, C-D, H-I (mf).
P. m. Demircan & Topçu, 2011: 138, f. 5l-n (f).

mf modica (Blackwall, 1846)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018783]
Lycosa m. Blackwall, 1846a: 33 (Dm).
P. brunnea Emerton, 1885: 495, pl. 48, f. 4 (Dmf).
P. m. Chamberlin, 1908: 202, pl. 15, f. 1-2 (m, Df).
P. m. brunnea Chamberlin, 1908: 205, pl. 15, f. 3-4 (mf).
P. m. Comstock, 1912: 657, f. 731e, 732b.
P. m. Gertsch, 1933b: 18.
P. m. Comstock, 1940: 664, f. 731e (f).
P. m. brunnea Comstock, 1940: 665, f. 732b (m).
P. m. Kaston, 1948: 336, f. 1127-1128, 1142 (mf).
P. m. Kronestedt, 1981: 112, f. 1a-c, 2a, 3a, 4a, 5A-B, 5a-b, 6a, 7a (mf, S).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 188, f. 251-255 (mf).
P. m. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 165, f. 1835-1838 (mf).
P. m. Vogel, 2004: 90, f. 63, 82 (mf).

mf moesta Banks, 1892....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018784]
P. m. Banks, 1892a: 70, pl. 3, f. 44 (Df).
P. m. Chamberlin, 1908: 183, pl. 14, f. 9 (f).
P. diffusa Emerton, 1909: 207, pl. 6, f. 5 (Dmf).
P. m. Kaston, 1948: 334, f. 1122-1123, 1137 (mf).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1987: 6, f. 5, 8, 11, 22, 25-26 (mf).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 219, f. 317-322 (mf).
P. m. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 165, f. 1839-1842 (mf).
P. m. Vogel, 2004: 92, f. 94-95 (mf).
P. m. Ramírez, 2014: 214, f. 142G (m).

mf mongolica Kulczyn'ski, 1901....................Russia, Tajikistan, Nepal, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018785]
P. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 346, pl. 13, f. 17 (Df).
Lycosa ricta Odenwall, 1901: 262, f. 11 (Df).
Lycosa incilis Odenwall, 1901: 264, f. 8-10, 12-13 (Dmf).
P. hummeli Schenkel, 1936b: 299, f. 104 (Dmf).
P. licenti Schenkel, 1953b: 63, f. 30a-b (Dmf).
Pardosops incilis Roewer, 1955c: 197.
Pardosops ricta Roewer, 1955c: 197.
P. chaffanjoni Schenkel, 1963: 372, f. 216a-d (Df).
P. hummeli Loksa, 1965: 18, f. 27-28 (mf).
P. hummeli Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 25, 47 (mf).
P. m. Zyuzin, 1979a: 444 (S, but see Marusik, Logunov & Koponen, 2000: 82 and Marusik & Buchar, 2004: 156).
P. m. Song, Yu & Shang, 1981: 86, f. 11 (f, S).
P. tikaderi Buchar, 1984: 382, f. 1-2, 4-7 (Dmf).
P. hummeli Buchar, 1984: 384, f. 3 (f).
P. m. Hu, 1984: 239, f. 248 (f).
P. m. Song, 1987: 234, f. 190 (f).
P. m. Yu & Song, 1988c: 116 (S).
P. ricta Izmailova, 1989: 37, f. 24 (f).
P. m. Yin et al., 1995b: 73, f. 7-8 (f).
P. m. Yin et al., 1997c: 215, f. 101a-f (mf).
P. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 196D, L (mf).
P. m. Hu, 2001: 193, f. 95.1-2 (f).

mf montgomeryi Gertsch, 1934....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018786]
P. m. Gertsch, 1934a: 24 (Df).
P. m. Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 3, f. 1, 5 (f, Dm).
P. m. Vogel, 1964: 14, f. 7-8, 18, 21 (mf).
P. m. Vogel, 2004: 64, f. 16, 20 (mf).

mf monticola (Clerck, 1757)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018787]
Araneus m. Clerck, 1757: 91, pl. 4, f. 5 (Dmf).
Lycosa m. Sundevall, 1833a: 175.
Lycosa paludosa Hahn, 1833a: 15, f. 105 (Df).
Lycosa exigua Blackwall, 1836: 490 (Dmf, in part).
Lycosa solers Walckenaer, 1837: 319 (D).
Lycosa saccigera Walckenaer, 1837: 327 (Dmf, in part),
Lycosa m. C. L. Koch, 1847: 42, f. 1446, 1448 (mf).
Leimonia pullata C. L. Koch, 1850: 35.
Lycosa exigua Blackwall, 1861a: 29, pl. 2, f. 12 (mf).
Lycosa m. Westring, 1861: 487.
Leimonia solers Simon, 1864: 351.
Lycosa m. Thorell, 1872a: 285.
P. m. Simon, 1876a: 318.
Lycosa m. Menge, 1879: 543, pl. 88, f. 308 (mf).
Lycosa palustris Menge, 1879: 544, pl. 88, f. 309 (Df, not m).
Lycosa bifasciata Menge, 1879: 546, pl. 89, f. 311 (Df, not m).
P. m. Becker, 1882b: 127, pl. 10, f. 3 (mf).
P. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895b: 34, pl. 4, f. 5, 7-8, 11 (mf).
Lycosa agrestis Bösenberg, 1903: 374, pl. 35, f. 547 (Dmf).
Lycosa m. Bösenberg, 1903: 376, pl. 35, f. 549 (mf).
Lycosa m. Smith, 1907a: 17, pl. 1, f. 4, pl. 4, f. A.
Lycosa m. Dahl, 1908: 376, 430, f. 69 (mf).
Lycosa m. Kulczyn'ski, 1909a: 443, pl. 22, f. 17 (m).
Lycosa m. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 48, f. 127-129 (mf).
Lycosa m. Saito, 1934b: 83, pl. 15, f. 87 (f).
Lycosa m. Kratochvíl, 1935b: 18, f. 11 (mf).
P. m. Simon, 1937: 1068, 1074, 1129, f. 1658, 1672 (mf).
Lycosa m. Holm, 1947: 29, f. 13a, pl. 10, f. 29 (mf).
Lycosa m. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 259, f. 123G, 124C, 126E-F, 127E (mf).
Lycosa m. Knülle, 1954a: 72, f. 3a-b (m).
Lycosa m. Muller, 1955: 162, f. 15, 17 (mf).
Lycosa m. Saito, 1959: 53, f. 30a-b (f).
P. m. Wiebes, 1959b: 43, f. 40, 59, 70 (mf).
P. m. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 286, f. 82-83, 92, 94, 111-114 (mf).
P. m. Azheganova, 1971: 15, f. 23 (mf).
P. m. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 102, f. 44a-e (mf).
P. m. Miller, 1971: 159, pl. XXIV, f. 22-23 (mf).
P. m. Loksa, 1972: 20, f. 15E, 16B, 17C, 18D (mf).
P. m. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 34, f. 18A-B (f).
P. m. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 38 (m).
P. m. Zyuzin, 1985b: 159, f. 6, 9-10 (mf).
P. m. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 55d, 57c (mf).
P. m. Barrientos, 1985b: 322, f. 2 (mf).
P. m. Hu & Wu, 1989: 217, f. 180.1-5 (mf).
P. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 865 (mf).
P. monticala Zhao, 1993: 94, f. 39a-c (mf).
P. m. Roberts, 1995: 215, f. (mf).
P. m. Mcheidze, 1997: 237, f. 503-504 (f).
P. m. Yin et al., 1997c: 226, f. 106a-f (mf).
P. m. Bellmann, 1997: 146, f. (f).
P. m. Roberts, 1998: 228, f. (mf).
P. m. Pirchegger & Thaler, 1999: 49, f. 5 (m).
P. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 196E, M (mf).
P. m. Hu, 2001: 196, f. 96.1-4 (mf).
P. m. Almquist, 2005: 224, f. 222a-f (mf).

f monticola ambigua Simon, 1937....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018788]
P. m. a. Simon, 1937: 1075, 1129 (Df).

f monticola minima Simon, 1876....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018789]
P. m. m. Simon, 1876a: 329 (Df).
P. m. m. Becker, 1882b: 128, pl. 10, f. 3b (f).

f monticola pseudosaltuaria Simon, 1937....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018790]
P. m. p. Simon, 1937: 1075, 1129 (Df).

f mordagica Tang, Urita & Song, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018791]
P. m. Tang, Urita & Song, 1995: 296, f. 2A-B (Df).

mf morosa (L. Koch, 1870)....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018792]
Lycosa m. L. Koch, 1870: 47 (Df).
P. m. Simon, 1876a: 339 (Dm).
Lycosa m. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 58, pl. 2, f. 19 (mf).
Lycosa m. Bösenberg, 1902: 380, pl. 35, f. 537 (mf).
Lycosa furva Bösenberg, 1903: 387, pl. 36, f. 571 (Df, preoccupied).
Lycosa m. Dahl, 1908: 386, 429, f. 84 (mf).
Lycosa anneae Strand, 1917c: 72 (replacement name for Lycosa furva).
Lycosa m. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 33, f. 83-85 (mf).
Acantholycosa nigripalpis Giltay, 1932: 12, f. 7 (Dm).
Acantholycosa nigripalpis Giltay, 1933: 5, pl. 3, f. 1 (m).
P. m. Simon, 1937: 1063, 1078, 1124, f. 1644-1645, 1677 (mf).
Lycosa furva Kolosváry, 1938e: 16, f. 2 (Dm).
P. anneae Roewer, 1955c: 159.
Pardosops m. Roewer, 1955c: 197
P. m. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 311, f. 64-66 (mf).
P. nigripalpis Buchar, 1968: 126, f. 5I-K (m, Sf P. pseudostrigillata, rejected).
P. m. Tyschchenko, 1971: 176, f. 497, 499 (mf).
P. m. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 104, f. 45a-e (mf).
P. m. Miller, 1971: 158, pl. XXIV, f. 26, pl. XXV, f. 15 (mf).
P. m. Loksa, 1972: 17, f. 13F-G, 22C-D (mf).
P. m. Buchar & Polenec, 1974: 83, f. F-I (f, S).
P. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 332, f. 1403 (mf).
P. m. Buchar & Thaler, 2002: 448, f. 23 (f).

m mtugensis (Strand, 1908)....................North Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018793]
Lycosa m. Strand, 1908d: 6 (Dm).
P. m. Roewer, 1955c: 177.
P. m. Roewer, 1959b: 52, f. 14a-c (m).

m mubalea Roewer, 1959....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018794]
P. m. Roewer, 1959b: 113, f. 55a-c (Dm).

f mukundi Tikader & Malhotra, 1980....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018795]
P. m. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 326, f. 157-159 (Df).

mf mulaiki Gertsch, 1934....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018796]
P. m. Gertsch, 1934a: 22 (Dm).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 827, f. 19-20, 46-48 (m, Df).
P. m. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 156, f. 190-194 (mf).
P. m. Vogel, 2004: 106, f. 135, 137 (mf).
P. m. Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011: 13, f. 2-3, 20, 26, 30, 67-76 (mf).

mf multidontata Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043823]
P. m. Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 392, f. 5a-b, 11a-e (Dmf; N.B.: this spelling used consistently).

mf multivaga Simon, 1880....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018797]
P. m. Simon, 1880b: 104, pl. 3, f. 2-3 (Dmf).
P. m. Song & Hubert, 1983: 8, f. 20-23 (mf).
P. m. Song, 1987: 235, f. 191 (mf).
P. m. Zhang, 1987: 155, f. 131.1-2 (f).
P. dukouensis Qiu & Wang, 1992: 26, f. 1-3 (Df).
P. m. Yin et al., 1997c: 231, f. 109a-f (mf).
P. dukouensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 194I, T (f, Dm).
P. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 196F, N (mf).
P. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 253, f. 157A-D (mf).
P. m. Chen & Song, 2004: 407, f. 10-28 (mf, S).

m muzafari Ghafoor & Alvi, 2007....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043245]
P. m. Ghafoor & Alvi, 2007: 183, f. 2A-E (Dm).

f muzkolica Kononenko, 1978....................Tajikistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018798]
P. m. Kononenko, 1978: 65, f. 1a (Df).

f mysorensis (Tikader & Mukerji, 1971)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018799]
Lycosa m. Tikader & Mukerji, 1971: 531, f. 1a-b (Df).
P. m. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 332, f. 168-170 (Tf from Lycosa).

mf naevia (L. Koch, 1875)....................Egypt, Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018800]
Lycosa n. L. Koch, 1875b: 72, pl. 7, f. 2 (Dmf).
P. potteri Simon, 1901d: 25 (Dmf).
P. micheli Simon, 1901d: 26 (Dmf).
Lycosa n. Strand, 1908k: 357, pl. 8, f. 3 (f).
P. micheli Caporiacco, 1947d: 128, pl. 1, f. 10 (Df).
P. n. Roewer, 1955c: 180.
P. micheli Roewer, 1959b: 66, f. 23a-d (mf).
P. n. Roewer, 1959b: 69, f. 25a-b (mf).
P. potteri Roewer, 1959b: 72, f. 27a-b (f).
P. n. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 304, f. 126 (f).
P. n. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 78, f. 2-4, 36, 52, 55 (mf, S).

f naevioides (Strand, 1916)....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018801]
Lycosa n. Strand, 1916a: 104 (Df).
P. n. Roewer, 1955c: 180.
P. n. Roewer, 1959b: 134, f. 70a-b (f).

f nanica Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018802]
P. n. Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 209, f. 11-12 (Df).

f nanyuensis Yin et al., 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018803]
P. n. Yin et al., 1995a: 9, f. 4-7 (Df).
P. n. Yin et al., 1997c: 184, f. 85a-d (f).
P. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 196O (f).
P. n. Yin et al., 2012: 848, f. 425a-d (f).

mf narymica Savelyeva, 1972....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018804]
P. n. Savelyeva, 1972b: 460, f. 1d, 3b-v (Dmf).
P. n. Kononenko, 1978: 66, f. 1c (f).

mf nebulosa (Thorell, 1872)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018805]
Tarentula n. Thorell, 1872a: 330 (Df).
Lycosa n. Thorell, 1875b: 63.
Lycosa n. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 62, pl. 2, f. 23 (f, Dm).
Acantholycosa trajani Rosca, 1939: 93, f. 4-5 (Df).
P. n. Roewer, 1955c: 168.
P. trajani Roewer, 1955c: 174.
P. buttneri Schenkel, 1963: 384, f. 222a-c (Dm).
P. n. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 303, f. 119-122 (mf).
P. n. Tyschchenko, 1971: 176, f. 510 (f).
P. n. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 106, f. 46a-e (mf, S).
P. n. Miller, 1971: 156, pl. XXIV, f. 16, pl. XXV, f. 20 (mf).
P. n. Loksa, 1972: 18, f. 14A-B, 21B, 24A-B (mf).
P. buttneri Yin, 1978: 10, f. 4A-D (mf).
P. n. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 24, 52 (mf).
P. n. Buchar, 1980: 78, f. 10, 15 (mf).
P. n. Zyuzin, 1985a: 42, f. 6.
P. n. Song, 1987: 237, f. 193 (mf, S).
P. n. Zhang, 1987: 157, f. 133.1-3 (mf).
P. n. Hu & Wu, 1989: 218, f. 182.1-2 (f, S P. davidi, rejected).
P. n. Feng, 1990: 154, f. 129.1-4 (mf).
P. n. Chen & Gao, 1990: 128, f. 159a-b (mf).
P. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 332, f. 891 (mf).
P. n. Yin et al., 1997c: 248, f. 117a-g (mf).
P. n. Yang & Chai, 1998: 63, f. 5a-d (f).
P. buttneri Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 193P, 194D (mf).
P. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 196G, P (mf).
P. n. Esyunin, Tuneva & Farzalieva, 2007: 51, f. 10-13 (m).

mf nebulosa orientalis (Kroneberg, 1875)....................Russia, Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018806]
Lycosa o. Kroneberg, 1875: 37, pl. 4, f. 25 (Dmf).
P. o. Simon, 1889l: 377.
Lycosa o. Spassky & Shnitnikov, 1937: 291, f. 10 (f).
P. n. o. Zyuzin, 1979a: 444 (downgraded to subspecies).
P. o. Mcheidze, 1997: 233, f. 485-486 (f).

mf nenilini Marusik, 1995....................Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018807]
P. n. Marusik, in Eskov & Marusik, 1995: 66, f. 68-71 (Dmf).
P. n. Fomichev & Marusik, 2011b: 122, f. 14-16 (f).

f nesiotis (Thorell, 1878)....................Sumatra, Amboina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018808]
Lycosa n. Thorell, 1878b: 209 (Df).
P. n. Hogg, 1919: 101, pl. 11, f. 9 (f).

mf nigra (C. L. Koch, 1834)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018810]
Lycosa n. C. L. Koch, 1834: 122, pl. 13-14 (Df).
Lycosa n. C. L. Koch, 1847: 13, f. 1423-1424 (f, Dm).
Leimonia n. Simon, 1864: 351.
Lycosa celeris Thorell, 1875a: 106 (Df).
Lycosa celeris Thorell, 1875c: 146 (Df).
P. n. Simon, 1876a: 351, pl. 13, f. 5 (mf).
Lycosa n. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 59, pl. 2, f. 20 (mf).
Lycosa ludovici Dahl, 1908: 378, 395, f. 71 (Dmf).
P. ludovici Lessert, 1910b: 528.
Lycosa ludovici Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 35, f. 89-91 (mf).
P. n. Simon, 1937: 1055, 1123, f. 1621-1622 (mf).
Acantholycosa n. Roewer, 1955c: 142.
P. celeris Roewer, 1955c: 160.
P. n. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 289, f. 123-125 (Tmf from Acantholycosa, S).
P. n. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 109, f. 48a-e (mf).
P. n. Miller, 1971: 156, pl. XXIV, f. 24, pl. XXV, f. 13 (mf).
P. n. Hu & Wu, 1989: 221, f. 183.1-2 (f).
P. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 868 (m).

mf nigriceps (Thorell, 1856)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018811]
Lycosa n. Thorell, 1856: 56 (Df).
Lycosa congener O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 393, pl. 54, f. 1 (Dmf).
Lycosa n. Thorell, 1872a: 283.
P. n. Simon, 1876a: 328.
P. n. Simon, 1898a: 358, f. 357 (m).
Lycosa lugubris Bösenberg, 1903: 380. pl. 35, f. 556 (mf, misidentified).
Lycosa n. Bösenberg, 1903: 386, pl. 36, f. 569 (mf).
Lycosa n. Dahl, 1908: 383, 421, f. 80 (mf).
Lycosa n. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 46, f. 121-123 (mf).
P. n. Simon, 1937: 1062, 1076, 1130, f. 1640, 1673 (mf).
Lycosa n. Palmgren, 1939: 51, f. 53, 67, 82 (mf).
Lycosa n. Holm, 1947: 31, pl. 5, f. 56-57, pl. 10, f. 34 (mf).
Lycosa n. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 264, f. 129C-D, H (mf).
P. n. Wiebes, 1959b: 52, f. 72, 79, 84 (mf).
P. n. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 293, f. 39-41 (mf).
P. n. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 112, f. 50a-d (mf).
P. n. Miller, 1971: 157, pl. XXIV, f. 21, pl. XXV, f. 11 (mf).
P. n. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 21, 35 (mf)
P. n. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 59a (mf).
P. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 328, f. 879 (mf).
P. n. Roberts, 1995: 219, f. (mf).
P. n. Roberts, 1998: 232, f. (mf).
P. n. Almquist, 2005: 231, f. 228a-f (mf).

f ninigoriensis Mcheidze, 1997....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018812]
P. n. Mcheidze, 1997: 237, f. 505-506 (Df).

mf nojimai Tanaka, 1998....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018813]
P. n. Tanaka, 1998: 101, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. n. Tanaka, 2009: 245, f. 131-132 (mf).

mf nordicolens Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947....................Canada, Alaska, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018814]
P. n. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 21, pl. 10, f. 85 (Df).
P. n. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 822, f. 9, 12, 36-37 (f, Dm).
P. n. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 228, f. 339-342 (mf).

mf nostrorum Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992....................Mozambique, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018815]
P. n. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 99, f. 24-26, 44, 53, 56 (Dmf).

f novitatis (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018816]
Lycosa n. Strand, 1906b: 677 (Df).
Lycosa n. Strand, 1908k: 347, pl. 8, f. 35 (f).
P. n. Roewer, 1955c: 180.
P. n. Roewer, 1959b: 71, f. 26 (f).

f obscuripes Simon, 1909....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018818]
P. o. Simon, 1909b: 38 (Df).
P. o. Roewer, 1959b: 53, f. 15 (f).

mf observans (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876)....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018819]
Lycosa o. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 608 (Dmf).
P. o. Caporiacco, 1936a: 111, f. 9 (f).
P. o. Roewer, 1959b: 40, f. 5a-c (mf).

mf occidentalis Simon, 1881....................Portugal, France, Sardinia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018820]
P. o. Simon, 1881c: 135 (Df).
P. o. Tongiorgi, 1966b: 349, f. 28 (f).
P. o. Ledoux, 1973: 11, f. 1-8 (mf).
P. o. Tongiorgi, 1975: 62, f. 1 (f).

f odenwalli Sternbergs, 1979....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018821]
P. o. Sternbergs, 1979a: 86, f. 1 (Df).

mf oksalai Marusik, Hippa & Koponen, 1996....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018822]
P. o. Marusik, Hippa & Koponen, 1996: 23, f. 53-60 (Dmf).

mf oljunae Lobanova, 1978....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018823]
P. oljuni Lobanova, 1978: 8, f. 2b (Df).
P. o. Logunov & Marusik, 1995: 115, f. 36-37 (f, Dm).
P. o. Azarkina & Trilikauskas, 2013a: 64, f. 45-47 (m).

mf olympica Tongiorgi, 1966....................Greece, Crete [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018824]
P. o. Tongiorgi, 1966b: 342, f. 8-9, 17, 30 (Dmf).

mf oncka Lawrence, 1927....................Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018825]
P. o. Lawrence, 1927: 51, pl. 2, f. 39 (Df).
P. o. Lessert, 1933: 137, f. 56-58 (f, Dm).
P. resoluta Roewer, 1959b: 74, f. 29a-b (Df).
P. kisokwea Roewer, 1959b: 108, f. 52a-b (Df).
P. wittei Roewer, 1959b: 117, f. 58a-b (Df).
P. irrasa Roewer, 1959b: 119, f. 59a-d (Dmf).
P. o. Roewer, 1959b: 121, f. 60a-c (mf).
P. versuta Roewer, 1959b: 142, f. 76a-b (Df).
P. o. Kronestedt, 1987: 968, f. 1-6 (mf, S; may belong to Wadicosa).

mf ontariensis Gertsch, 1933....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018826]
P. o. Gertsch, 1933b: 18, f. 27 (Dm).
P. pristina Fox, 1937f: 113, f. 1 (Dmf).
P. o. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 818, f. 3, 6, 27-28 (m, Sf).
P. o. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 149, f. 176-179 (mf).
P. o. Vogel, 2004: 61, f. 8, 11 (mf).

f orcchaensis Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040960]
P. o. Gajbe, 2004a: 23, f. 28-30 (Df).

f orealis Buchar, 1984....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018828]
P. o. Buchar, 1984: 388, f. 9-11 (Df).

mf oreophila Simon, 1937....................Central, Southern Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018829]
P. o. Simon, 1937: 1072, 1128, f. 1668 (Df).
P. saltuaria Simon, 1937: 1069, 1071, 1128, f. 1659, 1667 (mf, misidentified).
P. saltuaria Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 30, f. 2c-d (f, misidentified).
P. saltuaria Tongiorgi, 1966a: 288, f. 67-71 (mf, S, rejected).
P. saltuaria Holm, 1967: 79, f. 95-96 (m, misidentified).
P. saltuaria Buchar, 1968: 120, f. 2G only (misidentified).
P. o. Wunderlich, 1984b: 425, f. 1-13 (mf).
P. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 328, f. 874 (mf).

mf oriens (Chamberlin, 1924)....................China, Japan, Okinawa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018830]
Orinocosa o. Chamberlin, 1924a: 31, pl. 7, f. 48-49 (Df).
P. o. Song, 1988: 131, f. 10A-D (Tf from Orinocosa, Dm)
P. o. Tanaka, 1989a: 10, f. 1-4 (mf).
P. o. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 203, f. 205.1-5 (mf).
P. o. Tanaka, 1993a: 299, f. 49-52 (mf).
P. o. Yin et al., 1997c: 251, f. 118a-h (mf).
P. o. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1722, f. 27a-c (f).
P. o. Yang & Chai, 1998: 63, f. 3a-c (f).
P. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 196H, Q (mf).
P. o. Hu, 2001: 198, f. 97.1-4 (mf).
P. o. Tanaka, 2009: 243, f. 125-126 (mf).

mf orophila Gertsch, 1933....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018831]
P. o. Gertsch, 1933b: 28, f. 45 (Df).
P. o. Vogel, 1964: 16, f. 9-10, 19, 22 (removed f from S of P. yavapa, Dm).
P. o. Vogel, 2004: 64, f. 12, 21 (mf).

mf orthodox Chamberlin, 1924....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018832]
P. o. Chamberlin, 1924b: 671, f. 114 (Df).
P. o. Vogel, 1970: 11, f. 20, 44, 57, 60-61, 82, 88 (removed f from S of P. falcifera, Dm).
P. o. Vogel, 2004: 102, f. 121, 129 (mf).

mf ourayensis Gertsch, 1933....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018833]
P. o. Gertsch, 1933b: 26, f. 35 (Df).
P. o. Vogel, 2004: 90, f. 62, 83 (f, Dm).

f ovambica Roewer, 1959....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018834]
P. o. Roewer, 1959b: 135, f. 71a-b (Df).

mf ovtchinnikovi Ballarin et al., 2012....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045286]
P. o. Ballarin et al., 2012: 168, f. 3, 13, 21, 32, 41, 56, 69, 75, 81, 87, 109, 118 (Dmf).

m pacata Fox, 1937....................Hong Kong [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018835]
P. p. Fox, 1937b: 6, f. 5-7 (Dm).

m pahalanga Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018836]
P. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 406, f. 243a-f (Dm).

mf paleata Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992....................Libya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018837]
P. p. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 101, f. 27-29, 43, 48, 51 (Dmf).

m palliclava (Strand, 1907)....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018838]
Lycosa p. Strand, 1907b: 567 (Dm).
P. p. Roewer, 1955c: 183.

mf paludicola (Clerck, 1757)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018839]
Araneus p. Clerck, 1757: 94, pl. 4, f. 7 (Dmf).
Lycosa fumigata Walckenaer, 1805: 13.
Lycosa p. Walckenaer, 1826: 26 (in part).
Lycosa fumigata Walckenaer, 1837: 334 (Dmf).
Lycosa fumigata C. L. Koch, 1847: 16, f. 1425-1426 (mf).
Leimonia fumigata Simon, 1864: 351.
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1872a: 304.
P. p. Simon, 1876a: 348, pl. 13, f. 7-8 (mf).
Lycosa p. Menge, 1879: 541, pl. 87, f. 306 (mf).
Lycosa palustris Menge, 1879: 544, pl. 88, f. 309 (m, not f).
P. p. Becker, 1882b: 144, pl. 11, f. 5 (mf).
Lycosa p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 59, pl. 2, f. 17 (mf).
Lycosa p. Bösenberg, 1902: 381, pl. 35, f. 558 (mf).
Lycosa fumigata Smith, 1907a: 27, pl. 3, f. 15 (mf).
Lycosa p. Dahl, 1908: 379, 397, f. 73 (mf).
Lycosa p. Järvi, 1908: 757, f. 9 (f).
Lycosa p. Fedotov, 1912a: 113, f. 59 (f).
Lycosa p. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 40, f. 105-107 (mf).
P. p. Simon, 1937: 1066, 1086, 1124, f. 1653, 1690 (mf).
Lycosa p. Palmgren, 1939: 43, f. 41, 61, 75 (mf).
Lycosa p. Holm, 1947: 35, pl. 7, f. 80-81, pl. 10, f. 41 (mf).
P. p. Hull, 1950: 426, f. 10 (m).
Lycosa p. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 270, f. 131E (mf).
Lycosa p. Millidge & Locket, 1952: 62, f. 4a-b (m).
Lycosa p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 415, f. 249A-B (m).
Lycosa p. Muller, 1955: 160, f. 11, 21 (mf).
P. p. Wiebes, 1959b: 46, f. 61-62, 81 (mf).
P. p. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 295, f. 23-25 (mf).
P. p. Azheganova, 1968: 39, f. 54, 61 (mf).
P. p. Azheganova, 1971: 14, f. 27 (mf).
P. p. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 114, f. 51a-e (mf).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 159, pl. XXV, f. 7-8 (mf).
P. p. Loksa, 1972: 14, f. 10D-E, 24D-E, 25C (mf).
P. p. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 7, 41 (mf).
P. p. Zyuzin, 1985b: 159, f. 11 (m).
P. p. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 60b (mf).
P. sordidata Hu & Wu, 1989: 226, f. 188.5-6 (f, misidentified).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 332, f. 890 (mf).
P. p. Roberts, 1995: 221, f. (mf).
P. p. Chen & Song, 1996: 123, f. 13-14 (f).
P. p. Roberts, 1998: 235, f. (mf).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 197A (f).
P. p. Almquist, 2005: 232, f. 229a-f (mf).

mf palustris (Linnaeus, 1758)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018840]
Aranea p. Linnaeus, 1758: 623 (D).
Aranea p. Linnaeus, 1761: 491 (D).
Aranea flavo-trifasciata Martini & Goeze, in Lister, 1778: 287 (D).
Lycosa monticola C. L. Koch, 1847: 42, f. 1447, 1449 (Dmf, in part).
Lycosa tarsalis Thorell, 1856: 53 (Dmf).
Lycosa saccigera Thorell, 1856: 53 (Df, not m).
Lycosa herbigrada Blackwall, 1857a: 285 (Df).
Lycosa herbigrada Blackwall, 1861a: 22, pl. 1, f. 6 (f, Dm).
Lycosa albo-limbata Westring, 1861: 482 (Df).
P. monticola Ohlert, 1867: 136.
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1872a: 288.
P. p. Simon, 1876a: 321 (Dmf).
P. herbigrada Simon, 1876a: 323.
Lycosa tarsalis Menge, 1879: 545, pl. 88, f. 310 (mf).
Lycosa herbigrada O. P.-Cambridge, 1881a: 384, pl. 5, f. 4 (mf).
Lycosa p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1881a: 387.
P. p. Becker, 1882b: 129, pl. 10, f. 4 (mf).
Lycosa p. Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 303, pl. 5, f. 5, 9-10 (m).
Lycosa p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 56, pl. 2, f. 13 (mf).
P. herbigrada F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895b: 34, pl. 4, f. 2, 7-8, 10 (mf).
P. herbigrada Carpenter, 1898: 201, f. 5.
Lycosa thoracica Storm, 1898: 6 (D).
Lycosa p. Bösenberg, 1902: 377, pl. 35, f. 551 (mf).
Lycosa herbigrada Smith, 1907a: 19, pl. 2, f. 7, pl. 4, f. c.
Lycosa herbigrada intermedia Smith, 1907a: 20, pl. 4, f. D (Df).
Lycosa tarsalis Dahl, 1908: 373, 439, f. 66 (mf).
P. tarsalis Lessert, 1910b: 512.
Lycosa tarsalis Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 47, f. 124-126 (mf).
P. andersoni Gertsch, 1934a: 16 (Df).
Lycosa tarsalis Kratochvíl, 1935b: 17, 19, f. 5 (mf).
Lycosa tarsalis Kolosváry, 1937b: 404, f. 2 (f).
Lycosa tarsalis Kolosváry, 1937b: 404, f. 3 (f).
P. herbigrada Simon, 1937: 1064, 1071, 1128, f. 1666 (mf).
P. tarsalis Simon, 1937: 1064, 1072, 1128, f. 1648, 1669 (mf).
Lycosa tarsalis Palmgren, 1939: 54, f. 56, 69, 84 (mf).
P. tarsalis herbigrada Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 8, 13, f. 1 (f, S).
Lycosa tarsalis Holm, 1941: 399, f. 1c-d (f).
Lycosa tarsalis Kolosváry, 1943b: 137, f. 1a (f).
Lycosa tarsalis ehiki Kolosváry, 1943b: 137, f. 1b (Df; N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
Lycosa p. Holm, 1947: 28, f. 12b, pl. 5, f. 52-53, pl. 10, f. 28 (mf).
Lycosa tarsalis Locket & Millidge, 1951: 259, f. 123E, 124D, 126C, 127F (mf).
Lycosa tarsalis herbigrada Locket & Millidge, 1951: 261, f. 121, 123F (mf).
Lycosa p. Knülle, 1954a: 72, f. 1 (m).
Lycosa tarsalis Muller, 1955: 162, f. 16 (f).
P. thoracica Roewer, 1955c: 174.
Lycosa tarsalis Braendegaard, 1958: 13, f. 7-9 (mf).
P. p. Wiebes, 1959b: 44, f. 66-67 (mf, S).
Lycosa tarsalis Lehtinen & Kleemola, 1962: 107, f. 10a-d (f).
P. p. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 283, f. 84-85, 91, 102-103 (mf).
P. tarsalis Azheganova, 1971: 15, f. 25 (mf).
P. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 176, f. 502 (f).
P. p. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 116, f. 52a-e (mf, S).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 158, pl. XXIV, f. 17, pl. XXV, f. 12 (mf).
P. p. Loksa, 1972: 19, f. 2E, 15A-C, 17D-E (mf).
P. p. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 6 (f).
P. p. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 57d, 58a (mf).
P. p. Dondale & Redner, 1987: 7, f. 6, 9, 27-29 (mf).
P. p. Hu & Wu, 1989: 224, f. 188.1-2 (f).
P. p. Izmailova, 1989: 40, f. 28 (f).
P. p. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 178, f. 228-232 (mf).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 324, f. 861 (mf).
P. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 309, f. 1598-1601 (mf).
P. p. Roberts, 1995: 215, f. (mf).
P. p. Agnarsson, 1996: 39, f. 20A-C (mf).
P. p. Kim & Yoo, 1997a: 36, f. 11, 24-25, 42-43, 52 (mf).
P. p. Yin et al., 1997c: 227, f. 107a-f (mf).
P. p. Bellmann, 1997: 146, f. (f).
P. p. Roberts, 1998: 229, f. (mf).
P. p. Pirchegger & Thaler, 1999: 49, f. 3 (m).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 196J (m).
P. p. Namkung, 2002: 331, f. 20.25a-b (mf).
P. p. Kim & Cho, 2002: 218, f. 481-486 (mf).
P. p. Namkung, 2003: 333, f. 20.25a-b (mf).
P. p. Almquist, 2005: 225, f. 223a-f (mf).
P. p. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 40, f. 2.5 (mf).
P. p. Martin, 2013: 1, f. 1-9 (f).

?? palustris islandica (Strand, 1906)....................Iceland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018841]
Lycosa p. i. Strand, 1906a: 471.
P. p. i. Roewer, 1955c: 178.

mf pantinii Ballarin et al., 2012....................Tajikistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045290]
P. p. Ballarin et al., 2012: 177, f. 7, 11, 25, 36, 45, 60, 94-97, 102a-b, 112, 121 (Dmf).

f papilionaca Chen & Song, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038688]
P. p. Chen & Song, 2003a: 455, f. 1-3 (Df).

mf paracolchica Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000....................Russia, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018842]
P. p. Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000: 311, f. 13-16, 24-27 (Dmf).

f paralapponica Schenkel, 1963....................Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018843]
P. p. Schenkel, 1963: 371, f. 215a-c (Df).
P. p. Hu & Li, 1987b: 291, f. 25.1-2 (f).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 332, f. 197B (f).
P. p. Hu, 2001: 198, f. 98.1-2 (f).

mf paramushirensis (Nakatsudi, 1937)....................Kurile Is., Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018844]
Lycosa p. Nakatsudi, 1937: 3, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).
P. p. Yaginuma, 1970d: 667 (Tf from Lycosa).
P. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 165, f. 90.9 (mf).
P. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 116, f. 33 (mf).
P. p. Tanaka, 1993c: 166, f. 9-12 (mf).
P. p. Tanaka, 2009: 248, f. 143-144 (mf).

mf paratesquorum Schenkel, 1963....................Russia, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018845]
P. p. Schenkel, 1963: 359, f. 208b (Dm; not f, f. 208a, =P. zyuzini).
P. p. Yu, Song & Ma, 1987: 12, f. 1-4 (mf, not conspecific).
P. daqingshanica Tang, Urita & Song, 1994: 11, f. 1-4 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018610].
P. p. Yin et al., 1997c: 204, p. 95a-f (m, Df).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 197C, I (mf).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 254, f. 158A-E (mf).
P. p. Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011: 28, f. 4, 24, 107-115 (mf, S).
P. p. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 278, f. 201A-D (mf).

f partita Simon, 1885....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018846]
P. p. Simon, 1885d: 12, pl. 10, f. 5 (Df).

mf parvula Banks, 1904....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018847]
P. p. Banks, 1904a: 114, f. 24 (Dm).
P. p. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 90, f. 18 (removed m from S of P. saxatilis, Df).
P. p. Vogel, 2004: 78, f. 48, 51 (mf).

mf passibilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018848]
Lycosa p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 92 (Dm).
P. p. Schmidt, 1895: 475 (Df).
Pardosops p. Roewer, 1955c: 197.

f patapatensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018849]
P. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 392, f. 233a-e (Df).

mf pauxilla Montgomery, 1904....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018850]
P. p. Montgomery, 1904: 268, pl. 19, f. 22-23 (Dmf).
P. p. Chamberlin, 1908: 180, pl. 13, f. 9 (mf).
P. p. Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 4, f. 11, 15 (mf).
P. georgiae Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 147, pl. 13, f. 185-186 (Dmf).
P. georgiae Wallace, 1950: 78, pl. 1, f. 1-2 (mf).
P. p. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 94, f. 24, 27, 65-67 (removed mf from S of P. uncatula, S).
P. p. Breene et al., 1993: 96, f. 134A-B (mf).
P. p. Vogel, 2004: 78, f. 46, 58 (mf).

mf pedia Dondale, 2007....................Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040098]
P. p. Dondale, 2007: 508, f. 5-8 (Dmf).

mf persica Marusik, Ballarin & Omelko, 2012....................Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044944]
P. p. Marusik, Ballarin & Omelko, 2012b: 112, f. 1-3, 10-11, 16-17, 22, 29-31, 36-38 (Dmf).

mf pertinax von Helversen, 2000....................Greece [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018851]
P. p. von Helversen, in Töpfer-Hofmann, Cordes & von Helversen, 2000: 271, f. 30-31 (Dmf).

mf petrunkevitchi Gertsch, 1934....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018852]
P. p. Gertsch, 1934a: 21 (Dm).
P. p. Jiménez, 1985: 65, f. 7-13 (m, Df).

m pexa Hickman, 1944....................South Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018853]
P. p. Hickman, 1944a: 25, pl. 2, f. 14 (Dm).

mf pinangensis (Thorell, 1890)....................Malaysia, Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018854]
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1890c: 137 (Df).
P. p. Roewer, 1955c: 183.

mf pirkuliensis Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000....................Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018855]
P. p. Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000: 314, f. 28-30, 34-36 (Dmf).

f plagula F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018856]
P. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 321, pl. 31, f. 6 (Df).

m plumipedata (Roewer, 1951)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018857]
P. plumipes Mello-Leitão, 1942b: 395, f. 9-10 (Dm, preoccupied by Lycosa p. Thorell, 1875).
Lycosa plumipedata Roewer, 1951: 440 (replacement name).
P. p. Roewer, 1961a: 4.

mf plumipes (Thorell, 1875)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018858]
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1875a: 104 (Dm).
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1875c: 143 (Dm).
Lycosa p. Odenwall, 1901: 257, f. 1-4 (m, Df).
Lycosa plumipedella Strand, 1909f: 76 (provisional name only).
P. p. Tongiorgi, 1966b: 341, f. 12-13, 22, 32 (mf).
P. p. Azheganova, 1968: 40, f. 55, 63 (mf).
P. p. Holm, 1968a: 201, f. 27-30 (m).
P. p. Azheganova, 1971: 15, f. 24 (mf).
P. p. Zyuzin & Ovtsharenko, 1979: 63, f. 4-5, 8, 10, 12 (mf).
P. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 165, f. 90.11 (mf).
P. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 114, f. 27 (mf).
P. p. Tanaka, 1993b: 13, f. 9-12 (mf).
P. p. Mcheidze, 1997: 233, f. 487-488 (mf).
P. p. Yin et al., 1997c: 229, f. 108a-g (mf).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 197D, J (mf).
P. p. Almquist, 2005: 227, f. 224a-g (mf).
P. p. Tanaka, 2009: 245, f. 137-138 (mf).

mf podhorskii (Kulczyn'ski, 1907)....................Canada, Alaska, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018859]
Lycosa p. Kulczyn'ski, 1907: 588, pl. 21, f. 20, 23, 29 (Dmf).
P. varians Gertsch, 1933b: 19, f. 29, 32 (Dmf).
P. gertschi Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 19, pl. 10, f. 90 (Dm).
P. p. Roewer, 1955c: 170.
P. p. Holm, 1970: 203, f. 34-36 (mf, S).
P. p. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 195, f. 264-268 (mf, S).
P. p. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 165, f. 1843-1846 (mf).

f poecila (Herman, 1879)....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018860]
Lycosa p. Herman, 1879: 258, 375, pl. 8, f. 178 (Df).
P. p. Roewer, 1955c: 170.

mf pontica (Thorell, 1875)....................Eastern Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018861]
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1875b: 100 (Dmf).
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1875c: 142 (Dmf).
P. caraiensis Mcheidze, 1946: 288, f. 4-5 (Df).
Pardosops p. Roewer, 1955c: 197.
P. p. Tongiorgi, 1966b: 351, f. 10-11, 24 (mf).
P. p. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 118, f. 53a-c (mf).
P. p. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 17, 20 (mf).
P. p. Oliger, 1981: 7, f. 16-17 (m).
P. caraiensis Mcheidze, 1997: 239, f. 511-512 (f).
P. p. Zyuzin & Logunov, 2000: 316, f. 40-42 (mf, S).
P. p. Marusik, Ballarin & Omelko, 2012b: 117, f. 4-6, 12-13, 18-19, 23, 35, 41 (mf).
P. p. Ballarin et al., 2012: 179, f. 8, 17, 27, 37, 48, 61, 67, 73, 79, 85, 99, 104, 113, 122 (mf).

mf portoricensis Banks, 1901....................Puerto Rico, Virgin Is., Antigua [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018862]
P. p. Banks, 1901d: 224, pl. 15, f. 2-3 (Df).
P. p. Petrunkevitch, 1929b: 87, f. 74-75 (f, Dm).
P. p. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 95, f. 28-29, 68-69 (mf).

mf potamophila Lawrence, 1927....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018863]
P. p. Lawrence, 1927: 50, pl. 2, f. 38, pl. 3, f. 71, 75 (Dmf).
P. p. Roewer, 1959b: 137, f. 72 (m).

f praepes Simon, 1886....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019042]
P. p. Simon, 1886g: 359 (Df).
Passiena p. Roewer, 1959b: 164, f. 86a-c (Tf from Pardosa).
P. p. Lehtinen, 2005b: 406 (Tf from Passiena).

mf prativaga (L. Koch, 1870)....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018864]
Lycosa p. L. Koch, 1870: 43 (Dmf).
Lycosa riparia O. P.-Cambridge, 1875e: 257, pl. 8, f. 11 (mf, misidentified).
P. p. Simon, 1876a: 333.
P. fervida Simon, 1876a: 336 (Df).
P. p. Becker, 1882b: 136, pl. 11, f. 1 (mf).
Lycosa p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 57, pl. 2, f. 16 (mf).
Lycosa p. Bösenberg, 1902: 381, pl. 35, f. 559 (mf).
Lycosa p. Smith, 1907a: 22, pl. 2, f. 9 (mf).
Lycosa riparia Dahl, 1908: 381, 412, f. 77 (mf).
P. riparia Lessert, 1910b: 519.
Lycosa p. Spassky, 1925: 48, f. 15 (f).
Lycosa riparia Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 45, f. 117-120 (mf).
P. p. Simon, 1937: 1061, 1080, 1125, f. 1639, 1679 (mf).
Lycosa p. Holm, 1947: 32, f. 3a, 14a, pl. 6, f. 62-63, pl. 10, f. 37 (mf).
Lycosa p. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 262, f. 128A-B (mf).
P. p. Wiebes, 1959b: 54, f. 77, 88 (mf).
P. p. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 299, f. 52-55 (mf, S).
P. riparia Azheganova, 1968: 41, f. 52, 56-57 (mf, misidentified).
P. p. Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 412, f. 2, 5, 10, pl. II, f. 3-4, 12, pl. III, f. 2, 8, pl. IV, f. 3-4 (mf).
P. p. den Hollander, 1970: 284, pl. 2, f. A-D (f).
P. riparia Azheganova, 1971: 18, f. 32 (mf, misidentified).
P. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 173, f. 489, 512 (mf).
P. p. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 119, f. 54a-e (mf).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 158, pl. XXIV, f. 25, pl. XXV, f. 22 (mf).
P. p. Loksa, 1972: 14, f. 11D-F, 19B, 20C-D (mf).
P. p. den Hollander, 1972: 129, pl. 1a (mf).
P. p. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 3, 36 (mf).
P. p. Zyuzin, 1985b: 158, f. 4 (m).
P. p. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 58c (mf).
P. p. Izmailova, 1989: 36, f. 23 (f).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 330, f. 886 (mf).
P. p. Roberts, 1995: 217, f. (mf).
P. p. Roberts, 1998: 230, f. (mf).
P. p. Almquist, 2005: 235, f. 231a-g (mf).

mf prativaga scoparia Simon, 1937....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018865]
P. p. s. Simon, 1937: 1061, 1125 (Dmf).

mf procurva Yu & Song, 1988....................China, Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018866]
P. p. Yu & Song, 1988a: 30, f. 14-19 (Dmf).
P. p. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 205, f. 208.1-6 (mf).
P. p. Yin et al., 1997c: 276, f. 131a-f (mf).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 197E, K (mf).
P. p. Wei & Chen, 2003: 93, f. 4A-D, 5A-E (mf).
P. p. Tso & Chen, 2004: 405, f. 25-28 (mf).
P. p. Yin et al., 2012: 850, f. 426a-f, 3-17d, f (mf).

mf profuga (Herman, 1879)....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018867]
Lycosa p. Herman, 1879: 254, 374, pl. 8, f. 181 (Dm).
Lycosa festinans Herman, 1879: 259, 376 (Df).
Lycosa p. Chyzer, 1892: 101, 116 (Sf, omitted by Roewer).
P. festinans Roewer, 1955c: 162.
P. p. Roewer, 1955c: 171.

mf prolifica F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018868]
P. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 317, pl. 30, f. 19-20 (Dmf).
Lycosa prolificula Roewer, 1951: 440 (superfluous replacement name).
P. p. Vogel, 1970: 11, f. 21, 43, 58 (mf).

mf proxima (C. L. Koch, 1847)....................Palearctic, Canary Is., Azores [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018870]
Lycosa p. C. L. Koch, 1847: 53, f. 1453-1454 (Dmf).
P. p. Simon, 1876a: 330, pl. 13, f. 20 (mf).
Lycosa p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1878a: 125, pl. 11, f. 6 (mf).
P. p. Becker, 1882b: 133, pl. 10, f. 7 (mf).
P. furtadoi Simon, 1883: 263 (Dmf).
Lycosa p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 57, pl. 2, f. 24 (mf).
Lycosa p. Bösenberg, 1903: 383, pl. 36, f. 561 (mf).
Lycosa p. Nosek, 1905b: 140, f. 19 (f).
Lycosa p. Smith, 1907a: 26, pl. 3, f. 14.
Lycosa p. tenuipes Dahl, 1908: 384, 425, f. 81 (Dmf).
P. p. tenuipes Lessert, 1910b: 513.
Lycosa p. tenuipes Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 33, f. 81-82 (mf).
P. p. Simon, 1937: 1068, 1085, 1129, f. 1657, 1688-1689 (mf).
Lycosa p. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 267, f. 130C-D, G (mf).
P. p. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 306, f. 146-147, 156-157 (mf).
P. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 175, f. 509 (f).
P. p. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 122, f. 55a-e (mf, S).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 159, pl. XXV, f. 14 (f).
P. p. Vlijm, 1971: 285, f. 1-5 (f).
P. p. Loksa, 1972: 17, f. 12F-J, 25A, 26C-D (mf, S).
P. p. den Hollander et al., 1972: 79, f. 1 (mf).
P. p. den Hollander & Dijkstra, 1974: 57, f. 1.2a-b (mf).
P. esperanzae Schmidt, 1975d: 505, f. 3 (Df).
P. p. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 48 (m).
P. canariensis Schmidt, 1982: 405, f. 8-11 (Dmf).
P. p. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 59d (mf).
P. p. Wunderlich, 1987a: 235, f. 628 (m).
P. pseudoproxima Wunderlich, 1987a: 235, f. 629 (Dm).
P. p. Hu & Wu, 1989: 224, f. 188.3-4 (f).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 332, f. 1405 (mf).
P. p. Wunderlich, 1992a: 258, 466 (S).
P. p. Roberts, 1995: 220, f. (mf).
P. p. Roberts, 1998: 235, f. (mf).
P. p. Hepner & Paulus, 2009: 342, f. 17-19 (mf).

f proxima annulatoides (Strand, 1915)....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018871]
Lycosa p. a. Strand, 1915c: 165 (Df).
P. p. a. Roewer, 1955c: 171.

f proxima antoni (Strand, 1915)....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018872]
Lycosa p. a. Strand, 1915c: 165 (Df).
P. p. a. Roewer, 1955c: 171.

mf proxima poetica Simon, 1876....................Portugal, Spain, France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018873]
P. p. p. Simon, 1876a: 331 (Dmf).

f psammodes (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018874]
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1887: 312 (Df).
P. p. Roewer, 1955c: 184.

mf pseudoannulata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................Pakistan to Japan, Philippines, Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018875]
Tarentula p. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 319, pl. 8, f. 106, pl. 13, f. 323, 326, 334, 338 (Dmf).
Lycosa doenitzi Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 325, pl. 13, f. 345 (Df).
Lycosa innominabilis Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 392, pl. 7, f. 100 (Dm).
Lycosa subtarentula Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 393, pl. 7, f. 101 (Df).
Lycosa annandalei Gravely, 1924: 606, f. 41 (Dmf).
Lycosa p. Fox, 1935: 455.
Lycosa pseudoterricola Schenkel, 1936b: 199, f. 66 (Df).
Lycosa p. Saito, 1939: 77, f. 9.8 (f).
P. doenitzi Roewer, 1955c: 161.
P. innominabilis Roewer, 1955c: 164.
P. subtarentula Roewer, 1955c: 174.
P. annandalei Roewer, 1955c: 182.
Avicosa p. Roewer, 1955c: 234.
Avicosa pseudoterricola Roewer, 1955c: 235.
Lycosa p. Saito, 1959: 53, f. 31a-b (f).
Lycosa p. Yaginuma, 1960: 84, f. 75.4 (Tf from Avicosa=Schizocosa, S).
Lycosa cinnameovittata Schenkel, 1963: 338, f. 196a-g (Dmf).
Lycosa p. Yaginuma, 1965b: 366, f. 9.3 (f).
Lycosa p. Lee, 1966: 61, f. 21j-k (f).
Lycosa p. Yaginuma, 1971: 84, f. 75.4 (f).
Lycosa p. Shimojana, 1977b: 112, pl. 6C-D (f).
Lycosa p. Yin, 1978: 9, f. 1A-D (mf).
Lycosa p. Song et al., 1978: 1, f. 1A-C (mf).
Lycosa p. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 65, f. 49 (f).
Lycosa p. Song, 1980: 163, f. 14a, 87a-d (mf).
P. annandalei Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 351, f. 207-210.
P. annandalei Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 54, f. 86-87 (f).
Lycosa p. Wang, 1981: 119, f. 59A-C (mf).
Lycosa p. Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 34, f. 6B (m).
Lycosa p. Hu, 1984: 225, f. 235.1-2 (mf).
Lycosa p. Guo, 1985: 117, f. 2-56.1-3 (mf).
Lycosa p. Zhu et al., 1985: 132, f. 117a-d (mf).
P. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 162, f. 90.1 (Tmf from Lycosa).
Lycosa p. Song, 1987: 227, f. 184 (mf).
Lycosa p. Zhang, 1987: 148, f. 123.1-4 (mf).
P. p. Yu & Song, 1988c: 116 (S).
P. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 115, f. 30 (mf).
P. p. Hu & Wu, 1989: 225, f. 186.1-2 (mf).
Lycosa p. Feng, 1990: 148, f. 123.1-3 (mf).
P. p. Chen & Gao, 1990: 128, f. 160a-b (mf).
P. p. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 198, f. 197.1-3 (mf).
P. p. Tanaka, 1993a: 302, f. 53-56 (mf, S).
P. annandalei Okuma et al., 1993: 51, f. 45A (f).
P. annandalei Zhao, 1993: 95, f. 40a-b (mf).
P. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 311, f. 1610-1613 (mf).
P. annandalei Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 311, f. 1620-1621 (f).
P. annandalei Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 379, f. 224a-k, 225a-e (mf).
P. p. Yin et al., 1997c: 278, f. 132a-h (mf).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 197F, L (mf).
P. p. Hu, 2001: 199, f. 99.1-2 (mf).
P. p. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 28, f. 55 (m).
P. p. Namkung, 2002: 329, f. 20.23a-b (mf).
P. annandalei Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 109, f. 1-6 (f).
P. p. Namkung, 2003: 331, f. 20.23a-b (mf).
P. annandalei Gajbe, 2007: 503, f. 248-251 (mf).
P. p. Tanaka, 2009: 245, f. 127-128 (mf).
P. p. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 279, f. 202A-D (mf).
P. p. Yin et al., 2012: 852, f. 427a-h, 3-16c-d (mf).

mf pseudochapini Peng, 2011....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043819]
P. bidentata Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 388, f. 1a-b, 7a-d (Dmf; N.B.: a primary junior homonym of P. b. Franganillo, 1936).
P. p. Peng, 2011: 9 (replacement name).

mf pseudokaragonis (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018877]
Lycosa p. Strand, 1913a: 461 (Dmf).
P. p. Roewer, 1955c: 181.
P. p. Roewer, 1959b: 105, f. 50a-e (mf).

mf pseudolapponica Marusik, 1995....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018878]
P. p. Marusik, in Eskov & Marusik, 1995: 67, f. 72-77 (Dmf).

mf pseudomixta Marusik & Fritzén, 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042174]
P. mixta Chen & Song, 2002: 342, f. 4-11 (mf, misidentified).
P. p. Marusik & Fritzén, 2009: 412, f. 1A-C, E-F, 2A-B, F-J, 3B-D, G, 4B, E-G, J (Dmf).
P. p. Ballarin et al., 2012: 180, f. 10, 29, 46, 63, 92-93, 115, 124 (mf).

mf pseudostrigillata Tongiorgi, 1966....................Austria, Italy, Slovenia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018879]
P. p. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 309, f. 145, 160-161 (Dmf).
P. nigripalpis Buchar, 1968: 126 (S, rejected).
P. p. Buchar & Polenec, 1974: 83 (removed from S).
P. p. Buchar & Thaler, 1997: 527, f. 1-3 (m).
P. p. Buchar & Thaler, 2002: 447, f. 19-22 (f).

mf pseudotorrentum Miller & Buchar, 1972....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018880]
P. p. Miller & Buchar, 1972: 391, f. 20-25 (Dmf).
P. p. Ballarin et al., 2012: 180, f. 9, 14, 26, 28, 38, 47, 62, 114, 123 (mf).

mf pullata (Clerck, 1757)....................Europe, Russia, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018881]
Araneus pullatus Clerck, 1757: 104, pl. 5, f. 7 (Df).
Aranea p. Olivier, 1789: 218 (Dm).
Aranea erratica Olivier, 1789: 217 (D).
Lycosa lignaria C. L. Koch, 1833: 120, pl. 9-10.
Lycosa obscura Blackwall, 1841: 611 (Dmf).
Lycosa p. C. L. Koch, 1847: 25, f. 1431-1433 (mf).
Leimonia p. Ohlert 1867: 134.
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1872a: 305.
P. p. Simon, 1876a: 332.
Lycosa lugubris Menge, 1879: 548, pl. 89, f. 312 (Dm, not f).
Lycosa nigriceps Menge, 1879: 549, pl. 89, f. 313 (Df, not m).
Lycosa badia Menge, 1879: 550, pl. 84, f. 314 (Dmf).
Lycosa nana Menge, 1879: 552, pl. 90, f. 316 (Dm).
P. p. Becker, 1882b: 135, pl. 10, f. 8 (mf).
Lycosa p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 57, pl. 2, f. 15 (mf).
Lycosa p. Bösenberg, 1902: 382, pl. 35, f. 560 (mf).
Lycosa p. Smith, 1907a: 21, pl. 2, f. 81.
Lycosa p. Dahl, 1908: 381, 409, f. 76 (mf).
Lycosa p. Fedotov, 1912a: 115, f. 62 (m).
Lycosa p. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 44, f. 114-116 (mf).
P. p. Simon, 1937: 1065, 1081, 1125, f. 1649, 1681 (mf).
Lycosa p. Palmgren, 1939: 46, f. 45, 65, 79 (mf).
Lycosa p. Holm, 1947: 32, pl. 6, f. 60-61, pl. 10, f. 36 (mf).
Lycosa p. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 261, f. 128C-E (mf).
Lycosa p. Muller, 1955: 162, f. 14, 23 (mf).
P. kervillei Muller, 1958: 230, f. 1 (f, misidentified per Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 412).
P. kervillei montivaga Muller, 1958: 231, f. 2 (f, misidentified per Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 412).
P. p. Wiebes, 1959b: 55, f. 76, 86-87, 103 (mf).
P. p. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 298, f. 49-51 (mf).
P. p. Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 410, f. 1, 4, 9, pl. I, f. 1-2, pl. II, f. 1-2; pl. III, f. 1, pl. IV, f. 1-2 (mf).
P. p. den Hollander, 1970: 284, pl. 1, f. F-L (f).
P. p. Azheganova, 1971: 18, f. 34 (mf).
P. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 173, f. 511 (f).
P. p. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 123, f. 56a-e (mf).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 158, pl. XXV, f. 1-2 (mf).
P. p. Loksa, 1972: 14, f. 11A-C, 19A, 20A-B (mf).
P. p. den Hollander, 1972: 129, pl. 1b (mf).
P. p. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 4 (f).
P. p. Villaronga, 1983: 805, f. 6-8 (f).
P. p. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 58b (mf).
P. p. Villaronga, 1986: 286, f. 3-5 (m).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 330, f. 885 (mf).
P. p. Roberts, 1995: 216, f. (mf).
P. p. Roberts, 1998: 230, f. (mf).
P. p. Almquist, 2005: 236, f. 232a-f (mf).
P. p. Kronestedt, 2007: 26, f. 11-12, 14, 17, 20, 23, 28-30, 34-36 (mf).

f pullata jugorum Simon, 1937....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018882]
P. p. j. Simon, 1937: 1081 (Df).

f pumilio Roewer, 1959....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018883]
P. p. Roewer, 1959b: 73, f. 28a-b (Df).

mf pusiola (Thorell, 1891)....................India to China and Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018884]
Lycosa p. Thorell, 1891: 65 (Dmf).
P. p. Simon, 1905c: 70.
P. p. Gravely, 1924: 609, f. 5A (mf).
Lycosa hotingchiehi Schenkel, 1963: 335, f. 194a-c (Df).
P. p. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 323, f. 151-152 (f).
P. p. Yu & Song, 1988c: 114, f. 3-7 (f, Dm, S).
P. p. Yin et al., 1997c: 252, f. 119a-k (mf).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 197G, M (mf).
P. p. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 113, f. 32-37 (mf).

mf pyrenaica Kronestedt, 2007....................France, Andorra, Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040983]
P. femoralis Villaronga, 1983: 805, f. 1-4 (f, misidentified).
P. femoralis Villaronga, 1986: 286, f. 2 (m, misidentified).
P. p. Kronestedt, 2007: 27, f. 1-5, 9-10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25-27, 31-33 (Dmf).

mf qingzangensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037718]
P. q. Hu, 2001: 191, f. 92.1-4 (Dmf).

m qinhaiensis Yin et al., 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018885]
P. q. Yin et al., 1995b: 73, f. 15-17 (Dm).
P. q. Yin et al., 1997c: 218, f. 102a-c (m).
P. qinghaiensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 197N (m, invalid emendation).

mf qionghuai Yin et al., 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018886]
P. q. Yin et al., 1995a: 11, f. 8-13 (Dmf).
P. q. Yin et al., 1997c: 206, f. 96a-f (mf).
P. q. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 197H, O (mf).
P. q. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 280, f. 203A-D (mf).

f rabulana (Thorell, 1890)....................Malaysia, Sumatra, Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018887]
Lycosa r. Thorell, 1890c: 138 (Df).
P. r. Roewer, 1955c: 184.

mf rainieriana Lowrie & Dondale, 1981....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018888]
P. r. Lowrie & Dondale, 1981: 132, f. 33-37 (Dmf).
P. r. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 134, f. 143-147 (mf).
P. r. Vogel, 2004: 96, f. 99, 109 (mf).

mf ramulosa (McCook, 1894)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018889]
Lycosa r. McCook, 1894: 406, pl. 30, f. 5-6 (Df).
P. peninsulana Banks, 1898b: 275, pl. 16, f. 22 (Dmf).
P. r. Vogel, 1970: 12, f. 8-11, 33-36, 39-40, 49, 53-54, 80, 82, 88 (mf, removed from S of P. sternalis, S).
P. r. Vogel, 2004: 102, f. 122, 132 (mf).

f ranjani Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040961]
P. r. Gajbe, 2004a: 68, f. 68-70 (Df).

f rara (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018890]
Lycosa r. Keyserling, 1891: 265, pl. 10, f. 199 (Df).
P. r. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 574.

f rascheri (Dahl, 1908)....................Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018891]
Lycosa r. Dahl, 1908: 232, f. 11 (Df).
P. r. Roewer, 1955c: 185.

f rhenockensis (Tikader, 1970)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018892]
Lycosa r. Tikader, 1970: 68, f. 41a-b (Df).
P. r. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 342, f. 191-193 (Tf from Lycosa).

f rhombisepta Roewer, 1960....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018893]
P. rhombiseptum Roewer, 1960c: 7, f. 4 (Df).

mf riparia (C. L. Koch, 1833)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018894]
Lycosa r. C. L. Koch, 1833: 120, pl. 19 (D).
Lycosa r. C. L. Koch, 1847: 29, f. 1435-1436 (Dmf).
Lycosa cursoria C. L. Koch, 1847: 49, f. 1450 (Df).
Leimonia r. Simon, 1864: 351.
Lycosa pernix Thorell, 1872a: 308 (Dmf).
Lycosa prativaga O. P.-Cambridge, 1876a: 258, pl. 8, f. 12 (mf, misidentified).
P. r. Simon, 1876a: 334.
P. pernix Simon, 1876a: 336.
Lycosa r. Menge, 1879: 551, pl. 90, f. 315 (mf).
Lycosa r. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 58, pl. 2, f. 14 (mf).
Lycosa r. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898c: 490, f. 3-4 (mf).
Lycosa cursoria Dahl, 1908: 379, 415, f. 74 (f, Dm).
P. cursoria Lessert, 1910b: 520.
Lycosa r. Fedotov, 1912a: 115, f. 63 (f).
Lycosa cursoria Fedotov, 1912a: 116, f. 64 (f).
Lycosa cursoria Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 30, f. 69-71 (mf).
Lycosa r. Petrusewicz, 1935: 2, pl. 2, f. 2-9, 18-19, 23-24 (mf).
P. cursoria Fox, 1937f: 115, f. 2 (m).
P. kervillei Simon, 1937: 1066, 1078, 1130, f. 1654-1656 (mf).
Lycosa r. Palmgren, 1939: 47, f. 44, 66 (mf).
Lycosa pernix Holm, 1947: 33, pl. 6, f. 64-65, pl. 10, f. 35 (mf).
P. r. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 298, f. 42-45 (mf, removed from S of P. kervillei).
P. r. Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 424, f. 8, 13, 19-22, pl. I, f. 8-9, pl. II, f. 10-11, pl. III, f. 3 (mf, S).
P. cursoria Azheganova, 1971: 17, f. 33 (mf, misidentified).
P. r. Tyschchenko, 1971: 173, f. 488 (m).
P. r. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 125, f. 57a-e (mf).
P. r. Miller, 1971: 158, pl. XXIV, f. 18-19 (mf).
P. r. Loksa, 1972: 11, f. 7D, 19C-E (mf).
P. r. Izmailova, 1989: 38, f. 25 (f).
P. r. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 330, f. 884 (mf).
P. r. Tanaka, 1993d: 173, f. 1-4 (mf, S).
P. r. Almquist, 2005: 237, f. 233a-f (mf).
P. r. Tanaka, 2009: 248, f. 145-146 (mf).

mf riveti Berland, 1913....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018895]
P. r. Berland, 1913b: 112, pl. 12, f. 114-115 (Dmf).

f roeweri Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018896]
P. r. Schenkel, 1963: 386, f. 223 (Df).

mf roscai (Roewer, 1951)....................Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018602]
Lycosa maculata Rosca, 1939: 95, f. 7-9 (Dmf; preoccupied by Hahn, 1822).
Lycosa r. Roewer, 1951: 438 (replacement name).
P. bulgarica Buchar, 1968: 124, f. 4D-G (Dmf).
P. cribrata roscai Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 90, f. 37a-e (Tmf from Lycosa, reduced to subspecies, S).
P. r. Bayram, Efil & Deltshev, 2009: 465, f. 1-5 (mf, elevated to species).

f royi Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003....................Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038689]
P. r. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 117, f. 38-43 (Df).

m ruanda (Strand, 1913)....................Rwanda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018897]
Lycosa r. Strand, 1913a: 457 (Dm).
P. r. Roewer, 1955c: 181.
P. r. Roewer, 1959b: 97, f. 45a-b (m).

m rudis Yin et al., 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018898]
P. r. Yin et al., 1995a: 14, f. 14-18 (Dm; N.B.: misspelled as rudius in heading).
P. r. Yin et al., 1997c: 219, f. 103a-e (m).
P. rudius Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 133, f. 197P (m).

f rugegensis (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018899]
Lycosa r. Strand, 1913a: 462 (Df).
P. r. Lessert, 1915a: 76, pl. 3, f. 67, 74 (f).
P. r. Roewer, 1959b: 99, f. 46a-b (f).

mf sagei Gertsch & Wallace, 1937....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018901]
P. s. Gertsch & Wallace, 1937: 1, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
P. s. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 80, f. 8, 11, 50-51 (mf).

mf saltans Töpfer-Hofmann, 2000....................Europe, Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018902]
Lycosa lugubris Blackwall, 1861a: 27, pl. 2, f. 10 (mf, misidentified).
Lycosa chelata Dahl, 1908: 383, 418, f. 79 (mf, misidentified).
Lycosa lugubris Locket & Millidge, 1951: 266, f. 129E-F, 130E (mf, misidentified).
P. lugubris Tongiorgi, 1966a: 296, f. 56-59 (mf, misidentified).
P. lugubris Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 59b (mf, misidentified).
P. lugubris Roberts, 1995: 219, f. (mf, misidentified).
P. s. Töpfer-Hofmann & von Helversen, in Roberts, 1998: 232, f. (mf, nomen nudum).
P. s. Töpfer-Hofmann, in Töpfer-Hofmann, Cordes & von Helversen, 2000: 269, f. 26-27 (Dmf).
P. s. Harvey, 2004: 9, unnumbered f. (mf).
P. s. Almquist, 2005: 218, f. 216a-e (mf).
P. s. Adam, 2007: 106, f. 2, 3A-C (f).
P. s. Demircan & Topçu, 2011: 138, f. 6o-r (mf).

mf saltonia Dondale & Redner, 1984....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018903]
P. s. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 92, f. 23, 26, 62-64 (Dmf).
P. s. Vogel, 2004: 78, f. 42, 54 (mf).

mf saltuaria (L. Koch, 1870)....................Central Europe to Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018904]
Lycosa s. L. Koch, 1870: 38 (Df).
P. s. Simon, 1876a: 320 (Dm).
Lycosa s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 56, pl. 2, f. 12 (mf).
Lycosa s. Bösenberg, 1902: 384, pl. 36, f. 563 (mf).
Lycosa s. Dahl, 1908: 372, 442, f. 64 (mf).
Lycosa s. Kulczyn'ski, 1909a: 442, pl. 22, f. 14 (m).
Lycosa s. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 31, f. 72-74 (mf).
Lycosa s. Kratochvíl, 1935b: 17, f. 6 (mf).
P. s. Braendegaard, 1946: 22, f. 8-9 (mf).
P. s. Buchar, 1968: 120, f. 2E-F, 3J, M (mf; not f. 2G, =P. oreophila).
P. s. Tyschchenko, 1971: 175, f. 493, 500 (mf).
P. s. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 127, f. 58a-e (mf).
P. s. Miller, 1971: 159, pl. XXV, f. 9-10 (mf).
P. s. Wunderlich, 1984b: 430, f. 22-28 (mf).
P. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 328, f. 873 (mf).
P. s. Duma, 2007b: 116, f. 1A-B, 2, 3A-C (mf).

f saltuarides (Strand, 1908)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018905]
Lycosa saltuaria Pavesi, 1883: 66 (Df, preoccupied).
Lycosa s. Strand, 1908k: 362 (replacement name).
Pardosella s. Caporiacco, 1939a: 336.
Pardosops s. Roewer, 1959b: 151 (Tf from Pardosella).

f sangzhiensis Yin et al., 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018906]
P. s. Yin et al., 1995a: 16, f. 19-23 (Df).
P. s. Yin et al., 1997c: 186, f. 86a-e (f).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 198B (f).
P. s. Yin et al., 2012: 854, f. 428a-e (f).

mf sanmenensis Yu & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018907]
P. s. Yu & Song, 1988a: 28, f. 6-10 (Dmf).
P. sangmenensis Chen & Zhang, 1991: 203, f. 204.1-5 (mf).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 197Q, 198A (mf).

m santamaria Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018908]
P. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 403, f. 241a-g (Dm).

mf saturatior Simon, 1937....................Central Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018909]
P. waglerii s. Simon, 1937: 1067, 1124 (Dm).
P. s. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 302, f. 132-134 (mf, removed from S of P. wagleri atra).
P. s. Barthel & von Helversen, 1990: 17, f. 1 (mf).
P. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 330, f. 888 (mf).

mf saxatilis (Hentz, 1844)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018910]
Lycosa s. Hentz, 1844: 392, pl. 18, f. 9-10 (Df).
Lycosa minima Keyserling, 1877a: 614, pl. 7, f. 3 (Dm).
P. albopatella Emerton, 1885: 497, pl. 49, f. 2 (Dmf).
P. annulata Banks, 1892a: 68, pl. 1, f. 41 (Df).
P. albopatella Emerton, 1902: 83, f. 205-207 (mf).
P. minima Montgomery, 1902: 571, pl. 30, f. 35-36 (mf).
P. s. Chamberlin, 1908: 174, pl. 13, f. 1-2 (mf).
P. s. Comstock, 1912: 653, f. 731h, 732d.
P. s. Comstock, 1940: 661, f. 731h, 732d (mf).
P. platta Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 31, pl. 7, f. 72 (Df).
P. s. Kaston, 1948: 335, f. 1104, 1124-1125, 1139 (mf).
P. s. Dondale & Redner, 1984: 87, f. 16, 19-21, 58-59 (mf, S).
P. s. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 159, f. 195-200 (mf).
P. s. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 165, f. 1847-1851 (mf).
P. s. Vogel, 2004: 78, f. 47, 53 (mf).

mf schenkeli Lessert, 1904....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018911]
P. s. Lessert, 1904: 427, pl. 6, f. 34 (Df).
Lycosa calida Dahl, 1908: 385, 428, f. 82 (Dmf).
P. s. Lessert, 1910b: 534 (m).
Lycosa s. Charitonov, 1926b: 60, f. 4 (f).
Lycosa calida Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 38, f. 98-102 (mf).
Lycosa calida Palmgren, 1939: 43, 60, 76 (mf).
Passiena s. Roewer, 1955c: 199.
P. s. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 291, f. 12-14 (Tmf from Passiena).
P. calida Azheganova, 1968: 38, f. 50, 59 (mf, misidentified).
P. calida Azheganova, 1971: 14, f. 28 (mf, misidentified).
P. calida Tyschchenko, 1971: 175, f. 494 (m).
P. s. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 129, f. 59a-c (mf).
P. s. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 10, 46 (mf).
P. calida Izmailova, 1989: 32, f. 16 (f).
P. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 328, f. 877 (mf).
P. s. Logunov & Marusik, 1995: 113, f. 20-24 (mf).
P. calida Mcheidze, 1997: 234, f. 492-494 (mf).
P. s. Yin et al., 1997c: 173, f. 79a-d (f).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 198C (f).
P. s. Kronestedt, 2005: 37, f. 1-4, 7, 9, 11 (mf).
P. s. Almquist, 2005: 213, f. 212a-f (mf).
P. s. Isaia, 2005b: 39, 7 unnumbered f. (m).
P. s. Kronestedt, 2006: 31, f. 1-3, 5, 7, 9, 11-12, 14 (mf).

mf schreineri Purcell, 1903....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018912]
P. s. Purcell, 1903b: 139, pl. 8, f. 27 (Dmf).
P. s. Roewer, 1959b: 129, f. 66a-b (f).

f schubotzi (Strand, 1913)....................Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018913]
Lycosa s. Strand, 1913a: 466 (Df).
P. s. Caporiacco, 1949a: 338.
P. s. Roewer, 1959b: 100, f. 47a-b (f).

f selengensis (Odenwall, 1901)....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018914]
Lycosa s. Odenwall, 1901: 268, f. 15 (Df).
P. s. Roewer, 1955c: 172.
P. s. Izmailova, 1989: 39, f. 26 (f).

f semicana Simon, 1885....................Sri Lanka, Malaysia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018915]
P. s. Simon, 1885e: 442 (Df).
Lycosa subsemicana Strand, 1909f: 87 (provisional name only).
P. subsemicana Schenkel, 1963: 379, f. 220 (f).

mf septentrionalis (Westring, 1861)....................Northern Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018916]
Lycosa s. Westring, 1861: 469 (Dmf).
P. s. Schmidt, 1895: 471.
P. rufa Grese, 1909: 330, pl. 7, f. 9 (Df).
Lycosa s. Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 36, pl. 2, f. 63-66 (mf).
Lycosa s. Holm, 1947: 36, pl. 7, f. 72-73, pl. 10, f. 45 (mf).
Lycosa rufula Roewer, 1951: 439 (superfluous replacement name for P. rufa).
P. s. Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 44, f. 5 (f).
P. s. Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, 444, f. 23, 44 (mf, S).
P. s. Kronestedt, 1986a: 226, f. 2b, 3b, 4B, 4b, 5c, 6c, 7d-e, 8b, 9b, 12a-b, (mf).
P. s. Almquist, 2005: 219, f. 217a-e (mf).

j serena (L. Koch, 1875)....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018917]
Lycosa s. L. Koch, 1875b: 71 (Dj).
P. s. Roewer, 1955c: 173.

mf shuangjiangensis Yin et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018919]
P. s. Yin et al., 1997b: 23, f. 29-38 (Dmf).
P. s. Yin et al., 1997c: 255, f. 120a-j (Dm).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 333, f. 197R, 198D (mf).

m shugangensis Yin, Bao & Peng, 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018920]
P. s. Yin et al., 1997b: 24, f. 39-41 (Dm).
P. s. Yin et al., 1997c: 269, f. 127a-c (m).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 198M (m).

f shyamae (Tikader, 1970)....................India, Bangladesh, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018921]
Lycosa s. Tikader, 1970: 67, f. 39a-b (Df).
P. s. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 343, f. 194-196 (Tf from Lycosa).
P. s. Yin et al., 1997c: 257, f. 121a-e (f).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 198E (f).
P. s. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 119, f. 44-49 (f).

mf sibiniformis Tang, Urita & Song, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018922]
P. s. Tang, Urita & Song, 1995: 295, f. 1A-D (Dmf).

mf sichuanensis Yu & Song, 1991....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018923]
P. dondalei Yu & Song, 1988a: 32, f. 20-23 (Dmf; preoccupied).
P. s. Yu & Song, 1991: 416 (replacement name).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 198F, N (mf).

mf sierra Banks, 1898....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018924]
P. s. Banks, 1898b: 274, pl. 16, f. 20 (Dmf).
P. s. Barnes, 1959: 14, f. 34-41 (mf, S, rejected).
P. s. Vogel, 2004: 72, f. 32, 38 (mf).
P. s. Correa-Ramírez, Jiménez & García-De León, 2010: 541, f. 2A-C, 5A-C (mf).

mf silvarum Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037719]
P. s. Hu, 2001: 200, f. 100.1-4 (Dmf).

mf sinensis Yin et al., 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018925]
P. s. Yin et al., 1995a: 18, f. 24-29 (Dmf).
P. s. Yin et al., 1997c: 233, f. 110a-f (mf).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 198G, O (mf).

mf sinistra (Thorell, 1877)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018926]
Lycosa s. Thorell, 1877c: 517 (Dmf).
P. cascadae Schenkel, 1951: 25, f. 35 (Df).
P. s. Roewer, 1955c: 194 (not a S of P. groenlandica).
P. s. Kronestedt, 1981: 121, f. 2b, 3c, 4c, 5D, 5d, 6d-e, 7c (mf, S).
P. s. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 199, f. 278-281 (mf).
P. s. Vogel, 2004: 91, f. 73, 86 (mf).

mf soccata Yu & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018927]
P. s. Yu & Song, 1988a: 33, f. 24-28 (Dmf).
P. s. Hu & Wu, 1989: 226, f. 187.1-4 (mf).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 198H, P (mf).

mf socorroensis Jiménez, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018928]
P. s. Jiménez, 1991: 418, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf sodalis Holm, 1970....................Canada, Alaska, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018929]
P. s. Holm, 1970: 204, f. 37 (Dm).
P. bargusinensis Sternbergs, 1979a: 89, f. 1 (Dmf).
P. s. Kronestedt, 1986a: 230, f. 2c, 3c, 4C, 4c, 5d, 6d, 7c, 8c, 9c, 12c-f, (mf, S).
P. s. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 183, f. 238-241 (mf).
P. s. Zyuzin, 1993: 697, f. 9 (m).

mf songosa Tikader & Malhotra, 1976....................India, Bangladesh, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018931]
P. s. Tikader & Malhotra, 1976b: 128, f. 7-9 (Dmf).
P. s. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 340, f. 187-190 (mf).
P. s. Hu & Li, 1987b: 293, f. 25.5-6 (f).
P. s. Hu, 2001: 202, f. 102.1-1 (f).
P. s. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 119, f. 50-55 (f).

mf sordidata (Thorell, 1875)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018932]
Lycosa s. Thorell, 1875a: 105 (Df).
Lycosa s. Thorell, 1875c: 149 (Df).
P. s. Simon, 1876a: 356.
Lycosa s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 59, pl. 2, f. 22 (f).
Lycosa s. Bösenberg, 1902: 384, pl. 36, f. 564 (f).
Lycosa s. Kulczyn'ski, 1909b: 683, pl. 26, f. 26-27 (Dm).
P. s. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 296, f. 26-29 (mf).
P. s. Tyschchenko, 1971: 175, f. 495, 508 (mf).
P. s. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 131, f. 60a-e (mf).
P. s. Miller, 1971: 156, pl. XXV, f. 18 (f).
P. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 332, f. 889 (mf).
P. s. Emerit & Ledoux, 2004c: 24, f. 15A-B (mf).

mf sordidecolorata (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018933]
Lycosa sordide-colorata Strand, 1906b: 677 (Df).
Lycosa s. Strand, 1908k: 349, pl. 8, f. 16 (f, Dm).
P. s. Roewer, 1955c: 181.
P. s. Roewer, 1959b: 75, f. 30a-d (mf).

mf sowerbyi Hogg, 1912....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018934]
P. s. Hogg, 1912: 213, f. 4 (Dmf).
Lynxosa s. Roewer, 1955c: 277.
P. s. Roewer, 1961a: 16 (Tmf from Lynxosa=Hogna).

mf sphagnicola (Dahl, 1908)....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018935]
Lycosa riparia sphagnicola Dahl, 1908: 381, 414 (Dmf).
P. riparia fulvipes Tambs-Lyche, 1940: 8, 28.
Lycosa riparia s. Holm, 1941: 401, f. 2a-b (f).
Lycosa prativaga s. Braendegaard, 1958: 17, f. 10-11 (mf).
P. s. Holm & Kronestedt, 1970: 417, f. 6, 11, pl. II, f. 5-6, 13, pl IV, f. 5-7 (mf, removed from S of P. kervillei montivaga=P. femoralis).
P. fulvipes den Hollander, 1970: 284, pl. 2, f. E (f, misidentified).
P. prativaga fulvipes den Hollander, 1972: 129, pl. 1c (mf, misidentified).
P. s. Roberts, 1995: 218, f. (mf).
P. s. Agnarsson, 1996: 41, f. 23A-C (mf).
P. s. Roberts, 1998: 231, f. (mf).
P. s. Almquist, 2005: 238, f. 234a-h (mf).

mf stellata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018937]
Lycosa s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 90 (Dmf).
P. s. Caporiacco, 1935b: 235, pl. 5, f. 14 (mf).

mf sternalis (Thorell, 1877)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018938]
Lycosa s. Thorell, 1877c: 504 (Df).
P. s. Banks, 1894c: 51.
P. futilis Banks, 1898b: 274, pl. 16, f. 23 (D).
Lycosa s. Chamberlin, 1908: 185, pl. 8, f. 7, 9, pl. 13, f. 5-6 (f).
Lycosa seydi Strand, 1908e: 258 (Df).
P. s. Comstock, 1940: 663, f. 731b, 732c (mf).
P. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1946: 8, f. 8 (f).
P. seydi Roewer, 1955c: 194 (removed from S, removal rejected by subsequent workers).
P. s. Vogel, 1970: 8, f. 1-5, 13-18, 22-27, 37, 47, 51, 78-80, 82, 87 (mf).
P. s. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 123, f. 118-121, 123 (mf).
P. s. Breene et al., 1993: 95, f. 132A-B (mf).
P. s. Vogel, 2004: 102, f. 1, 125-126, 130 (mf).

mf steva Lowrie & Gertsch, 1955....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018940]
P. s. Lowrie & Gertsch, 1955: 8, f. 4-5, 9 (Dmf).
P. s. Barnes, 1959: 12, f. 26-28, 32 (mf).
P. s. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 215, f. 308-311 (mf).
P. s. Vogel, 2004: 72, f. 33, 39 (mf).

m straeleni Roewer, 1959....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018941]
P. s. Roewer, 1959b: 115, f. 57a-c (Dm).

f strandembriki Caporiacco, 1949....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018942]
P. strandi Caporiacco, 1947d: 128, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df; preoccupied).
P. s. Caporiacco, 1949a: 338 (replacement name).
P. s. Roewer, 1959b: 78, f. 32 (f).

f strena Yu & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018943]
P. s. Yu & Song, 1988a: 34, f. 29-31 (Df).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 198I (f).
P. s. Hu, 2001: 202, f. 101.1-3 (f).

f strigata Yu & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018944]
P. s. Yu & Song, 1988a: 35, f. 32-34 (Df).
P. s. Hu & Wu, 1989: 227, f. 189.1-2 (f).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 198J (f).

f strix (Holmberg, 1876)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018945]
Lycosa s. Holmberg, 1876: 26 (Df).
P. s. Roewer, 1955c: 188.

f subalpina Schenkel, 1918....................Switzerland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018946]
P. s. Schenkel, 1918: 97, f. 3 (Df).

mf subanchoroides Wang & Song, 1993....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018947]
P. s. Wang & Song, 1993: 153, f. 2A-E (Dmf).

mf subproximella (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018949]
Lycosa s. Strand, 1906b: 679 (Dmf).
Lycosa s. Strand, 1908k: 362, pl. 8, f. 6-8 (mf).
P. s. Roewer, 1955c: 181.
P. s. Roewer, 1959b: 77, f. 31a-d (mf).

mf subsordidatula (Strand, 1915)....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018950]
Lycosa s. Strand. 1915c: 164 (Dmf).
Pardosops s. Roewer, 1955c: 197.

mf suchismitae Majumder, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040100]
P. s. Majumder, 2004b: 98, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
P. s. Majumder, 2005: 35, f. 7-12 (mf).

mf sumatrana (Thorell, 1890)....................India, China to Philippines, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018951]
Lycosa s. Thorell, 1890c: 136 (Dmf).
P. s. Hogg, 1919: 100.
Lycosa s. Gravely, 1924: 604, f. 4C-E (mf).
Lycosa chengta Fox, 1935: 453, f. 5 (Df).
Lycosa arorai Dyal, 1935: 140, pl. 13, f. 40-41 (Dm).
Lycosa s. Sherriffs, 1939a: 137, f. 3.
Arkalosula chengta Roewer, 1955c: 231.
Chorilycosa arorai Roewer, 1955c: 237.
P. davidi Schenkel, 1963: 378, f. 219 (Df).
P. s. Buchar, 1976: 207, f. 4I-L (f).
P. s. Buchar, 1980: 80, f. 1-9, 11-14, 16-26 (mf).
P. s. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 353, f. 211-215 (mf).
P. s. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 56, f. 90-91 (f).
P. davidi Hu, 1984: 235, f. 242-243 (f, Dm).
P. shyamae Hu & Li, 1987b: 293, f. 25.3-4 (f, misidentified).
P. s. Chen & Gao, 1990: 129, f. 161a-b (mf, S).
P. s. Okuma et al., 1993: 51, f. 45C (f).
P. davidi Zhao, 1993: 86, f. 36a-c (mf, probably misidentified).
P. s. Zhao, 1993: 101, f. 41a-b (mf).
P. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 311, f. 1622-1624 (f).
P. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 382, f. 226a-f, 227a-d (mf, S).
P. s. Yin et al., 1997c: 258, f. 122a-h (mf).
P. s. Yang & Chai, 1998: 63, f. 4a-d (f).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 198K, Q (mf).
P. s. Hu, 2001: 203, f. 103.1-4 (mf).
P. s. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2003a: 119, f. 56-62 (mf).
P. s. Gajbe, 2007: 501, f. 240-244 (mf).
P. s. Yin et al., 2012: 856, f. 429a-h (mf).

mf sura Chamberlin & Ivie, 1941....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043617]
P. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1941b: 10, f. 61 (Df).
P. s. Correa-Ramírez, Jiménez & García-De León, 2010: 545, f. 4A-C, 7A-C (removed f from S of P. sierra, contra Barnes, 1959: 14, Dm).

mf sutherlandi (Gravely, 1924)....................India, Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018952]
Lycosa s. Gravely, 1924: 606, f. 4G (Dmf).
P. s. Roewer, 1955c: 184.
P. s. Buchar, 1976: 208, f. 5 (f).
P. s. Buchar, 1978: 261, f. 3, 5, 6a-b, 9, 12, 16, 19 (mf).
P. s. Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 347, f. 199-202 (mf).
P. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 311, f. 1614-1616 (mf).

mf suwai Tanaka, 1985....................Russia, China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018953]
P. s. Tanaka, 1985: 83, f. 49-52 (Dmf).
P. s. Logunov, 1992e: 63, f. 7 (f).
P. s. Tanaka, 1993c: 164, f. 5-8 (mf).
P. s. Yin et al., 1997c: 208, f. 97a-d (f).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 198L, 199I (mf).
P. s. Tanaka, 2009: 248, f. 141-142 (mf).

mf svatoni Marusik, Nadolny & Omelko, 2013....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046336]
P. s. Marusik, Nadolny & Omelko, 2013: 205, f. 1-3, 8-25 (Dmf).

mf taczanowskii (Thorell, 1875)....................Russia, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018954]
Lycosa t. Thorell, 1875a: 100 (Dmf).
Lycosa t. Thorell, 1875c: 148 (Dmf).
P. chionophila L. Koch, 1879c: 102, pl. 3, f. 13 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018583].
P. chionophila Schenkel, 1936b: 215, f. 69 (f, Dm).
P. t. Roewer, 1955c: 174.
P. chionophila Holm, 1973: 100, f. 86, 90-91 (mf).
P. chionophila Zyuzin, 1979a: 434, f. 29 (f).
P. chionophila Izmailova, 1989: 32, f. 17 (f).
P. chionophila Zyuzin, 1993: 699, f. 11 (m).
P. chionophila Eskov & Marusik, 1995: 66, f. 66-67 (m).
P. chionophila Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 330, f. 194G, Q (mf).
P. chionophila Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 248, f. 152A-D (mf).
P. t. Kronestedt, 2013: 56, f. 1-3 (mf, S).

mf takahashii (Saito, 1936)....................China, Taiwan, Japan, Okinawa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018955]
Lycosa t. Saito, 1936a: 250, f. A (Df).
Varacosa t. Roewer, 1955c: 304.
Schizocosa t. Roewer, 1959b: 378 (Tmf from Varacosa sensu Trochosa).
Lycosa t. Saito, 1959: 57, f. 40a-c (f).
Lycosa t. Lee, 1966: 61, f. 22c-d (f).
P. t. Yoshida, 1978b: 10, f. 11-15 (Tmf from Schizocosa).
Lycosa t. Hu, 1984: 230, f. 238.1-2 (Tmf from Pardosa, rejected).
P. t. Yaginuma, 1986a: 163, f. 90.7 (mf).
P. t. Chikuni, 1989b: 114, f. 28 (mf).
P. t. Tanaka, 1993a: 294, f. 41-44 (mf).
P. t. Tanaka, 2009: 243, f. 121-122 (mf).

f tangana Roewer, 1959....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018956]
P. t. Roewer, 1959b: 90, f. 114a-b (Df).

m tappaensis Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040101]
P. t. Gajbe, 2004a: 27, f. 34-36 (Dm).

mf tasevi Buchar, 1968....................Eastern Europe, Russia, Turkey, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018957]
P. t. Buchar, 1968: 122, f. 4A-B (Dm).
P. t. Ovtsharenko, 1979: 49, f. 1 (Df).
P. t. Weiss & Varvara, 1983: 273, f. 1 (m).

mf tatarica (Thorell, 1875)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018958]
Lycosa strenua Thorell, 1872a: 302 (Df, preoccupied).
Lycosa t. Thorell, 1875a: 100 (Dm).
Lycosa t. Thorell, 1875c: 148 (Dm).
P. strigillata Simon, 1876a: 338, pl. 12, f. 6-7, pl. 13, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
P. subita Simon, 1876a: 356 (replacement name for L. strenua).
Lycosa subita Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 289, pl. 5, f. 4-5 (mf).
P. strigillata Simon, 1937: 1062, 1085, 1126, f. 1642-1643, 1686 (mf).
P. seguarai Simon, 1937: 1062 (D), 1085 (synonymized).
P. t. Roewer, 1955c: 174.
P. strigillata Tongiorgi, 1966a: 308, f. 143-144, 158-159 (mf).
P. strigillata Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 12, 49 (mf).
P. t. Zyuzin, 1979a: 444 (S).
P. strigillata Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 332, f. 1401 (mf; N.B.: Buchar & Thaler, 2002: 446 treat P. subita as a junior synonym of P. atomaria, and P. tatarica as a possible synonym of that name as well).
P. t. Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003b: 61, f. 47-50 (m).
P. t. Kovblyuk et al., 2008b: 21, f. 13-21, 31-33 (mf).

f tatarica ligurica Simon, 1937....................Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018959]
P. strigillata l. Simon, 1937: 1075 (Df; N.B.: Buchar & Thaler, 2002: 446 treat this name as a junior synonym of P. atomaria).

f tatarica saturiator Caporiacco, 1948....................Greece [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018960]
P. strigillata s. Caporiacco, 1948c: 46 (Df).

f tenera Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018963]
P. t. Thorell, 1899: 87 (Df).
Lycosa tamerlani Roewer, 1951: 439 (superfluous replacment name).
P. t. Roewer, 1959b: 141, f. 75a-b (f).

m tenuipes L. Koch, 1882....................Balearic Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018964]
P. t. L. Koch, 1882: 649, pl. 2, f. 24 (Dm).
Pardosops t. Roewer, 1955c: 197.
P. t. Bosmans & Van Keer, 2012a: 11, f. 21 (m).

mf tesquorum (Odenwall, 1901)....................Russia, Mongolia, China, USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018965]
Lycosa t. Odenwall, 1901: 258, f. 5-6 (Df).
Lycosa t. Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 90, pl. 3, f. 108-109 (f, Dm).
P. albiceps Emerton, 1915b: 152, pl. 3, f. 5 (Dmf).
Pardosops t. Roewer, 1955c: 197.
P. t. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 32, 58 (mf).
P. t. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 826, f. 17-18, 43-45 (mf).
P. t. Izmailova, 1989: 40, f. 29 (f).
P. t. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 154, f. 185-189 (mf).
P. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 199A (f).
P. t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 166, f. 1852-1855 (mf).
P. t. Vogel, 2004: 106, f. 134, 136 (mf).
P. t. Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011: 16, f. 34-35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 46-47, 50-51, 54-55, 57-58, 61-62, 65-66, 77-82 (mf).

mf tesquorumoides Song & Yu, 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018966]
P. t. Song & Yu, 1990: 79, f. 10-13 (Dmf).
P. t. Yin et al., 1997c: 209, f. 98a-e (mf).
P. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 1999B, J (mf).
P. t. Hu, 2001: 204, f. 104.1-4 (mf).
P. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 256, f. 159A-D (mf).
P. t. Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011: 20, f. 5-6, 21, 27, 83-93 (mf).

mf tetonensis Gertsch, 1933....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018967]
P. t. Gertsch, 1933b: 19, f. 28, 38 (Dmf).
P. t. Kronestedt, 1988: 411, f. 1a, 2a, 3A-B, a-b, 4a, d, 5a-b, 6a, c, 7a, 8a-d (mf).
P. t. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 198, f. 274-277 (mf).
P. t. Vogel, 2004: 91, f. 70, 78 (mf).

mf thalassia (Thorell, 1891)....................Nicobar Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018968]
Lycosa t. Thorell, 1891: 65 (Dmf).
P. t. Roewer, 1955c: 184.

mf thompsoni Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018969]
P. t. Alderweireldt & Jocqué, 1992: 102, f. 30-32, 35, 45, 54, 57 (Dmf).

mf thorelli (Collett, 1876)....................Norway [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018970]
Lycosa t. Collett, 1876: 246 (Dmf).
P. t. Roewer, 1955c: 174.

mf tikaderi Arora & Monga, 1994....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018971]
P. t. Arora & Monga, 1994: 73, f. 1-4 (Dmf; N.B.: primary junior homonym of P. t. Buchar, 1984, now in synonymy).

f timidula (Roewer, 1951)....................Yemen, Sri Lanka, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018972]
Lycosa timida Simon, 1882b: 221, pl. 8, f. 4 (Df; preoccupied by Lucas, 1846).
P. timida Simon, 1897i: 290.
Lycosa t. Roewer, 1951: 439 (replacement name).
Hogna t. Roewer, 1955c: 252.
Allocosa t. Roewer, 1959b: 388 (Tf from Hogna).
P. timida Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 321, f. 149-150 (Tf from Allocosa).

mf torrentum Simon, 1876....................Europe, Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018973]
P. t. Simon, 1876a: 313, pl. 13, f. 256 (Dmf).
Lycosa t. Kulczyn'ski, 1909a: 443, pl. 22, f. 13 (m).
P. t. Simon, 1937: 1062, 1070, 1127, f. 1641, 1664 (mf).
P. t. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 284, f. 86-87, 99, 109-110 (mf).
P. t. von Helversen & Harms, 1969: 371, f. 4 (m).
P. t. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 132, f. 61a-e (mf).
P. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 863 (mf).
P. t. Mcheidze, 1997: 234, f. 491 (f).
P. t. Pirchegger & Thaler, 1999: 49, f. 1, 7, 9, 11 (m).
P. t. Kropf, Hänggi & Braunwalder, 2000: 22, f. 1 (m).

mf torrentum integra Denis, 1950....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018974]
P. t. i. Denis, 1950b: 106 (Dmf; N.B.: omitted by Roewer and Brignoli).

mf trailli (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)....................Britain, Scandinavia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018975]
Lycosa traillii O. P.-Cambridge, 1873b: 524, pl. 46, f. 1 (Dmf).
Lycosa carnifex Collett, 1876: 235 (Df).
Lycosa t. Jackson, 1932a: 101, pl. 1, f. 7 (m).
Lycosa t. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 270, f. 131A, D (mf).
P. carnifex Roewer, 1955c: 160.
P. t. Roewer, 1955c: 174.
P. t. Wunderlich, 1984b: 437, f. 40-41 (f, S, rejected).
P. t. Roberts, 1985: 134, f. 60a (mf).
P. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 326, f. 871 (f).
P. t. Roberts, 1995: 223, f. (mf).
P. t. Roberts, 1998: 235, f. (mf).
P. t. Kronestedt, 2004: 283, f. 2, 7-8, 12, 14, 18, 25-26, 29 (mf).
P. t. Almquist, 2005: 230, f. 227a-d (mf).

mf tridentis Caporiacco, 1935....................India, Nepal, Kashmir [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018977]
P. t. Caporiacco, 1935b: 241, pl. 7, f. 1 (Dmf).
P. tridentia Roewer, 1955c: 174 (lapsus).
Lycosa tatensis Tikader, 1964a: 265, f. 6a-b (Df).
P. t. Buchar, 1976: 213, f. 8, 9C (mf, S).
P. tatensis Tikader & Malhotra, 1980: 358, f. 222-224 (f).
P. t. Buchar, 1984: 387, f. 8 (f).

f trifoveata (Strand, 1907)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018978]
Lycosa t. Strand, 1907b: 566 (Df).
Lycosa t. Strand, 1909f: 80, f. 42 (f).
P. t. Roewer, 1955c: 184.

f tristicella (Roewer, 1951)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018979]
P. tristis Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 177, f. 10 (Df, preoccupied by Keyserling, 1887).
Lycosa t. Roewer, 1951: 440 (replacement name, Tf from Pardosa).
P. t. Roewer, 1955c: 188 (Tf from Lycosa).

f tristiculella (Roewer, 1951)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018980]
Lycosa tristicula Thorell, 1887: 315 (Df; preoccupied by L. Koch, 1877).
Lycosa t. Roewer, 1951: 439 (replacement name).
P. t. Roewer, 1955c: 184.

mf trottai Ballarin et al., 2012....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045287]
P. t. Ballarin et al., 2012: 170, f. 4, 18, 22, 33, 42, 57, 65, 71, 77, 83, 100, 110, 119 (Dmf).

mf tschekiangiensis Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018983]
P. t. Schenkel, 1963: 382, f. 221a-d (Dm).
P. t. Song et al., 1978: 3, f. 6A-D (m, Df).
P. t. Song, 1980: 168, f. 90a-d (mf).
P. t. Zhu, 1983: 75 (S).
P. t. Hu, 1984: 240, f. 250.1-4 (mf).
P. t. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 201, f. 200.1-6 (mf).
P. t. Yin & Kim, 1997: 60, f. 3a-g (removed mf from S of P. nebulosa, contra Song, 1987: 237).
P. t. Yin et al., 1997c: 260, f. 123a-i (mf).
P. t. Yin et al., 2012: 858, f. 430a-i (mf).

mf tumida Barnes, 1959....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018984]
P. t. Barnes, 1959: 9, f. 23-25 (Dmf).

mf tuoba Chamberlin, 1919....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018985]
P. t. Chamberlin, 1919b: 15, pl. 6, f. 3 (Df).
P. t. Vogel, 1970: 13, f. 19, 32, 45-46, 55-56, 80, 82, 87, 90 (f, Dm).
P. t. Vogel, 2004: 102, f. 120, 133 (mf).

mf turkestanica (Roewer, 1951)....................Russia, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018986]
Lycosa velox Kroneberg, 1875: 36, pl. 4, f. 24 (Dmf; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1837).
P. velox Schmidt, 1895: 471.
P. velox Schenkel, 1936b: 213, f. 68 (f).
Lycosa t. Roewer, 1951: 439 (replacement name).
Pardosops t. Roewer, 1955c: 197.
P. t. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 30, 57 (mf).
P. t. Zyuzin, 1993: 697, f. 12 (m).

mf tyshchenkoi Zyuzin & Marusik, 1989....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018987]
P. t. Zyuzin & Marusik, 1989: 432, f. 1-13 (Dmf).
P. t. Logunov & Marusik, 1995: 114, f. 30-32 (mf).

f uiensis Esyunin, 1996....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018988]
P. u. Esyunin, 1996: 1157, f. 4.1-2 (Df).

mf uintana Gertsch, 1933....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018989]
P. u. Gertsch, 1933b: 27 (Dmf).
P. u. Bishop, 1949: 103, f. 4-6 (m).
P. eiseni luciae Tongiorgi, 1966a: 290, f. 19-22 (Dm).
P. luciae Zyuzin, 1979a: 444 (elevated from subspecies).
P. u. Lowrie & Dondale, 1981: 127, f. 4-9, 13 (mf, removed from S of P. giebeli).
P. u. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 130, f. 132-136 (mf).
P. u. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 166, f. 1856-1859 (mf).
P. u. Kronestedt, 2004: 283, f. 1, 5-6, 13, 17, 21-22 (mf, S).
P. u. Vogel, 2004: 98, f. 96, 114 (mf).

mf umtalica Purcell, 1903....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018990]
P. u. Purcell, 1903b: 135, pl. 8, f. 22 (Dmf).
P. u. Roewer, 1959b: 131, f. 67 (f).

mf uncata (Thorell, 1877)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018991]
Lycosa u. Thorell, 1877c: 508 (Dmf).
P. u. Banks, 1894c: 51.
P. u. Emerton, 1894: 425, pl. 3, f. 8a-b, e (mf, in part).
P. u. Lowrie & Dondale, 1981: 135, f. 48-56 (mf, removed from S of P. mackenziana).
P. u. Vogel, 2004: 98, f. 103, 106-107, 113 (mf).

mf uncifera Schenkel, 1963....................Russia, China, Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018992]
P. u. Schenkel, 1963: 361, f. 209a-d (Dmf).
P. u. Hu & Li, 1987b: 293, f. 26.1-3 (mf).
P. u. Yin et al., 1997c: 211, f. 99a-h (mf).
P. u. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 199C, K (mf).
P. u. Hu, 2001: 206, f. 105.1-3 (mf).
P. u. Namkung, 2002: 337, f. 20.31a-b (mf).
P. u. Namkung, 2003: 339, f. 20.31a-b (mf).

mf unciferodies Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043824]
P. u. Qu, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 393, f. 6a-b, 12a-d (Dmf; N.B.: this spelling used consistently).

mf unguifera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018993]
P. u. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 320, pl. 31, f. 1-2 (Dmf).

f upembensis (Roewer, 1959)....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019044]
Passiena u. Roewer, 1959b: 165, f. 119a-b (Df).
P. u. Lehtinen, 2005b: 406 (Tf from Passiena).

mf utahensis Chamberlin, 1919....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018994]
P. u. Chamberlin, 1919a: 258, pl. 19, f. 11 (Df).
P. u. Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 3, f. 3, 7 (f, Dm).
P. u. Vogel, 1964: 18, f. 11-12, 23, 26 (mf, removed from S of P. distincta).
P. u. Vogel, 2004: 66, f. 14, 23 (mf).

mf vadosa Barnes, 1959....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018995]
P. v. Barnes, 1959: 7, f. 16-19 (Dmf).
P. v. Vogel, 2004: 72, f. 31, 37 (mf).

mf vagula (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra, Mentawai Is., Simeulue, Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018996]
Lycosa v. Thorell, 1890c: 137 (Dmf).
P. v. Roewer, 1955c: 184.

mf valens Barnes, 1959....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018997]
P. v. Barnes, 1959: 10, f. 29-31, 33 (Dmf).
P. v. Vogel, 2004: 72, f. 30, 36 (mf).

f valida Banks, 1893....................Sierra Leone, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018998]
P. v. Banks, 1893b: 587, f. 13 (Df).
Lycosa validior Roewer, 1951: 439 (replacement name, unneeded in Pardosa).
P. v. Roewer, 1955c: 181.

mf vancouveri Emerton, 1917....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:018999]
P. v. Emerton, 1917: 269, f. 20.1-2 (Df).
P. v. Emerton, 1919a: 106, pl. 7, f. 6 (Dm).
P. v. Vogel, 1970: 14, f. 12, 28-29, 41-42, 50, 59, 82, 87, 90 (mf, removed from S of P. sternalis).
P. v. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 126, f. 122, 124-127 (mf).
P. v. Vogel, 2004: 103, f. 123, 127-128 (mf).

f vatovae Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019000]
P. v. Caporiacco, 1940c: 803, f. 18 (Df).
P. v. Roewer, 1959b: 79, f. 33 (f).

m verticillifer (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019002]
Lycosa v. Strand, 1906b: 678 (Dm).
Lycosa v. Strand, 1908k: 355, pl. 8, f. 2 (m).
P. v. Caporiacco, 1949a: 338.
P. v. Roewer, 1959b: 81, f. 34a-b (m).

f vindex (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019004]
Lycosa v. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 92 (Df).
P. v. Roewer, 1955c: 174.

f vindicata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand, Karakorum [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019005]
Lycosa v. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 92 (Df).
P. v. Caporiacco, 1935b: 234.

mf vinsoni (Roewer, 1951)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019006]
Lycosa nigra Vinson, 1863: 298 (Dmf; preoccupied by C. L. Koch, 1834).
Lycosa v. Roewer, 1951: 439 (replacement name).
P. v. Roewer, 1955c: 182 (incertae sedis).

?? virgata Kulczyn'ski, 1901....................Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019007]
P. dimidiata v. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 345 (D).
Pardosops v. Roewer, 1955c: 197.

mf vittata (Keyserling, 1863)....................Europe to Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019009]
Lycosa v. Keyserling, 1863: 369, pl. 10, f. 7 (Df).
Tarantula v. Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 808.
P. palitans Simon, 1876a: 326, pl. 13, f. 21-22 (Dmf).
P. v. Simon, 1876a: 327, pl. 13, f. 3-4 (f, Dm).
Lycosa v. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 62, pl. 2, f. 28 (f).
P. palitans Simon, 1937: 1056, 1077, 1130, f. 1625, 1627, 1675 (mf).
P. v. Simon, 1937: 1056, 1077, 1130, f. 1626 (mf).
Pardosops v. Roewer, 1959b: 150 (Tmf from Pardosa).
P. v. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 292, f. 1-7 (mf, S).
P. v. Fuhn & Oltean, 1969: 168, pl. II, f. 6 (f).
P. v. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 134, f. 62a-e (mf).
P. v. Loksa, 1972: 28, f. 21C, 24C (f).
P. v. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 19, 26, 53 (mf).
P. v. Thaler, 1987c: 194, f. 1-5 (mf).
P. v. Mcheidze, 1997: 239, f. 513-514 (f).

mf vlijmi den Hollander & Dijkstra, 1974....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019010]
P. v. den Hollander & Dijkstra, 1974: 58, f. 1.1a-b (Dmf).

mf vogelae Kronestedt, 1993....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019011]
P. v. Kronestedt, 1993c: 180, f. 2, 4, 7-8, 11, 13, 16, 18, 20 (Dmf).
P. v. Vogel, 2004: 91, f. 76, 84 (mf).

m v-signata Soares & Camargo, 1948....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019012]
P. v. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 360, f. 8 (Dm).
P. v-insignita Roewer, 1955c: 188 (lapsus).

mf vulvitecta Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019013]
P. v. Schenkel, 1936b: 233, f. 76 (Df).
P. v. Chen & Song, 1996: 120, f. 1-4 (f, Dm).
P. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 199D, L (mf).

mf wagleri (Hahn, 1822)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019014]
Lycosa waglerii Hahn, 1822: pl. 10, f. 2 (Df).
Lycosa pallida Walckenaer, 1837: 334 (Df).
Lycosa w. C. L. Koch, 1847: 19, f. 1427 (f).
Leimonia pallida Simon, 1864: 351.
Lycosa w. Thorell, 1873: 533.
P. w. Simon, 1876a: 354, pl. 13, f. 18 (f, Dm).
Lycosa w. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 60, pl. 2, f. 27 (mf).
Lycosa w. Bösenberg, 1903: 386, pl. 36, f. 565 (mf).
Lycosa w. Dahl, 1908: 379, 416, f. 75 (mf).
Lycosa w. Järvi, 1908: 757, f. 11 (f).
Lycosa w. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 37, f. 95-97 (mf).
P. w. Simon, 1937: 1059, 1083, 1123, f. 1636, 1684 (mf).
P. w. Tongiorgi, 1966a: 302, f. 128-131 (mf).
P. w. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 77, pl. II, f. 4 (f).
P. w. Tyschchenko, 1971: 175, f. 491, 504 (mf).
P. w. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 135, f. 63a-f (mf).
P. w. Miller, 1971: 157, pl. XXIV, f. 15, pl. XXV, f. 17 (mf).
P. w. Zyuzin, 1979a: 435, f. 50 (m).
P. w. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 330, f. 887 (mf).
P. w. Mcheidze, 1997: 232, f. 483-484 (mf).
P. w. Yin et al., 1997c: 265, f. 125a-f (mf).
P. w. Bellmann, 1997: 146, f. (f).
P. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 334, f. 199E, M (mf).

mf wagleri atra (Giebel, 1869)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019015]
Lycosa atra Giebel, 1869c: 305 (Df).
Lycosa w. nigra Dahl, 1908: 380 (Dmf).
P. w. nigra Lessert, 1910b: 530.
P. w. nigra Schenkel, 1925d: 276, f. 2 (m).

m warayensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019016]
P. w. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 402, f. 240a-e (Dm).

mf wasatchensis Gertsch, 1933....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019017]
P. w. Gertsch, 1933b: 25, f. 37 (Df).
P. subra Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 30, pl. 7, f. 71 (Df).
P. w. Kronestedt, 1993c: 175, f. 1, 3, 5-6, 9-10, 12, 14-15, 17, 19 (f, Dm, S).
P. w. Vogel, 2004: 91, f. 64, 89 (mf).

mf wuyiensis Yu & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019018]
P. w. Yu & Song, 1988a: 36, f. 35-38 (Dmf).
P. w. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 202, f. 203.1-4 (mf).
P. w. Yin et al., 1997c: 271, f. 128a-g (mf).
P. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 335, f. 199F, N (mf).
P. w. Yin et al., 2012: 860, f. 431a-g (mf).

mf wyuta Gertsch, 1934....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019019]
P. atra Banks, 1894c: 52 (Df).
P. atra Chamberlin, 1908: 188, pl. 8, f. 3, 8, pl. 13, f. 8 (Dm).
P. w. Gertsch, 1934a: 17 (replacement name for P. atra, thought preoccupied by Lycosa atra Giebel).
P. w. Levi & Levi, 1955: 38, f. 26 (m).
P. w. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 202, f. 282-285 (mf).
P. w. Vogel, 2004: 92, f. 60, 85 (mf).

mf xerampelina (Keyserling, 1877)....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019020]
Lycosa x. Keyserling, 1877a: 622, pl. 1, f. 8 (Df).
Lycosa impavida Thorell, 1877c: 513 (Df; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1837).
Lycosa tachypoda Thorell, 1878a: 394 (D).
P. montana Emerton, 1885: 498, pl. 49, f. 5 (Dmf).
Lycosa intrepida Marx, 1890: 562, 594 (replacement name for L. impavida).
P. tachypoda Emerton, 1894: 427, pl. 3, f. 6 (Dmf).
P. tristis Keyserling, 1887b: 485, pl. 6, f. 45 (f).
P. tachypoda Emerton, 1902: 81, f. 193-196 (Dmf).
Pirata procursus Montgomery, 1902: 583, pl. 30, f. 48 (Df).
P. tachypoda Montgomery, 1904: 275, pl. 19, f. 26 (f).
P. x. Chamberlin, 1908: 198, pl. 14, f. 3-4 (mf).
P. x. Comstock, 1912: 656, f. 731a.
P. x. Comstock, 1940: 664, f. 731a (f).
P. x. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 23, f. 87 (f).
P. x. Kaston, 1948: 337, f. 1130-1132, 1146 (mf).
Pardosops impavidula Roewer, 1955c: 198 (replacement name for Lycosa impavida).
P. x. Dondale & Redner, 1986: 820, f. 8, 11, 33-35 (mf, S).
P. x. Dondale & Redner, 1990: 225, f. 334-338 (mf).
P. x. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 166, f. 1860-1863 (mf).
P. x. Vogel, 2004: 106, f. 138-139 (mf).

mf xerophila Vogel, 1964....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019021]
P. x. Vogel, 1964: 21, f. 13-14, 24, 27 (Dmf).
P. x. Jiménez, 1986a: 127, f. 5-8 (mf; Vogel's m may be misidentified).
P. x. Vogel, 2004: 66, f. 17-18 (mf).

mf xinjiangensis Hu & Wu, 1989....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019022]
P. x. Hu & Wu, 1989: 231, f. 191.1-7 (Dmf).
P. x. Yin et al., 1997c: 235, f. 111a-c (f).
P. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 335, f. 199G, O (mf).
P. x. Hu, 2001: 208, f. 107.1-7 (mf).
P. x. Chen & Song, 2004: 408, f. 29-37 (mf).

mf yadongensis Hu & Li, 1987....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019023]
P. y. Hu & Li, 1987a: 352, f. 25.1-4 (Dmf).
P. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 335, f. 199H, P (mf).
P. y. Hu, 2001: 210, f. 108.1-4 (mf).

mf yaginumai Tanaka, 1977....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019024]
P. y. Tanaka, 1977: 51, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. y. Yamakawa & Kumada, 1979: 10, f. 7-8 (mf).
P. y. Yaginuma, 1986a: 163, f. 90.6 (mf).
P. y. Chikuni, 1989b: 115, f. 31 (mf).
P. y. Tanaka, 1993b: 9, f. 1-4 (mf).
P. y. Tanaka, 2009: 245, f. 133-134 (mf).

mf yamanoi Tanaka & Suwa, 1986....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019025]
P. y. Tanaka & Suwa, 1986: 53, f. 5-8 (Dmf).
P. y. Tanaka, 1993a: 281, f. 21-24 (mf).
P. y. Tanaka, 2009: 241, f. 113-114 (mf).

mf yavapa Chamberlin, 1925....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019026]
P. y. Chamberlin, 1925d: 231 (Df).
P. saniuana Chamberlin, 1928a: 94 (Df).
P. y. Gertsch & Wallace, 1935: 3, f. 2, 6, 9 (f, Dm).
P. y. Vogel, 1964: 23, f. 15-16, 25, 28 (mf).
P. y. Vogel, 2004: 67, f. 15, 22 (mf).

mf yongduensis Kim & Chae, 2012....................Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045692]
P. y. Kim & Chae, 2012b: 62, f. 1-14 (Dmf).

f zhangi Song & Haupt, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019027]
P. z. Song & Haupt, 1995: 6, f. 6A-B (Df).
P. z. Song & Haupt, 1996: 312, f. 1a-b (f).
P. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 335, f. 200A (f).

f zhui Yu & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019029]
P. z. Yu & Song, 1988a: 30, f. 11-13 (Df).
P. z. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 206, f. 209.1-3 (f).
P. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 335, f. 200C (f).

mf zionis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019030]
P. z. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 33, pl. 6, f. 65 (Dmf).
P. z. Vogel, 1970: 15, f. 69, 71-72, 75-76, 91 (mf).
P. z. Vogel, 2004: 68, f. 25, 27 (mf).

mf zonsteini Ballarin et al., 2012....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045285]
P. z. Ballarin et al., 2012: 167, f. 2, 12, 20, 31, 40, 49, 53, 55, 66, 72, 78, 84, 103, 108, 117 (Dmf).

mf zorimorpha (Strand, 1907)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019031]
Lycosa z. Strand, 1907d: 744 (Df).
Lycosa z. Strand, 1908a: 170 (Dm).
P. z. Roewer, 1955c: 182.

m zuojiani Song & Haupt, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:019032]
P. z. Song & Haupt, 1995: 7, f. 7A-B (Dm).
P. z. Song & Haupt, 1996: 314, f. 3a-b (m).
P. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 335, f. 199R (m).

mf zyuzini Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044493]
P. paratesquorum Schenkel, 1963: 359, f. 208b (f, misidentified).
P. z. Kronestedt & Marusik, 2011: 25, f. 7-8, 22-23, 28, 31, 94-106 (Dmf).