The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: LINYPHIIDAE

Gen. Pelecopsis Simon, 1864 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01189]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Lophocarenum Menge, 1866 by Wiehle, 1960a: 34 and of Exechophysis Simon, 1884 by Millidge, 1977: 21; not a senior synonym of Kratochviliella Miller, 1938 (Wunderlich & Nicolai, 1984: 53, contra Wunderlich, 1972b).

Transferred to other genera:
P. bacelarae (Caporiacco, 1949) -- see Tybaertiella.
P. bacelarae dundoensis Miller, 1970 -- see Tybaertiella.
P. humicola Miller, 1970 -- see Proelauna.
P. krausi Wunderlich, 1980 -- see Scutpelecopsis.
P. locketi Cooke, 1967 -- see Parapelecopsis.
P. lucasi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875) -- see Trichopterna.
P. machadoi Miller, 1970 -- see Tybaertiella.
P. mediocris (Kulczyn'ski, 1899) -- see Parapelecopsis.
P. medusa (Simon, 1881) -- see Minyriolus.
P. nemoralioides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1884) -- see Parapelecopsis.
P. nemoralis (Blackwall, 1841) -- see Parapelecopsis.
P. nonindurata Miller, 1970 -- see Tybaertiella.
P. pilawskii Czajka, 1968 -- see Kratochviliella.
P. proclivis (Simon, 1884) -- see Baryphyma.
P. pyrenaea (Simon, 1918) -- see Parapelecopsis.
P. stylita (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Nematogmus.
P. subfusca (Bösenberg, 1902) -- see Trichopterna.

In synonymy:
P. aesopea (L. Koch, 1879, T from Erigone, where "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer) = P. parallela (Wider, 1834) (Holm, 1973: 87).
P. baicalensis Marusik, Koponen & Danilov, 2001 = P. parallela (Wider, 1834) (Tanasevitch, 2008a: 127).
P. clypeata (Denis, 1950) = P. susannae (Simon, 1914) (Denis, 1964b: 344).
P. delesserti (Schenkel, 1925) = P. radicicola (L. Koch, 1872) (Thaler, 1978a: 190).
P. excavata (Emerton, 1911) = P. mengei (Simon, 1884) (Holm, 1945b: 37, sub Trichopterna).
P. hortensia (L. Koch, 1872, removed from S of P. parallela) = P. elongata (Wider, 1834) (Thaler, 1972a: 40).
P. insana (Simon, 1884) = P. elongata (Wider, 1834) (Denis, 1964b: 344).
P. parumpunctata (Simon, 1881) = P. mengei (Simon, 1884) (Denis, 1964b: 345, sub Trichopterna, younger name apparently suppressed for lack of usage).
P. semitecta (Denis, 1968) = P. bucephala (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875) (Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 80).
P. steppensis Gnelitsa, 2008 = P. laptevi Tanasevitch & Fet, 1986 (Tanasevitch, 2013b: 181).
P. uncinata (Denis, 1968) = P. bucephala (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875) (Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 80).

Homonyms replaced:
P. montana Denis, 1960 -- see P. denisi.
P. tenera (Holm, 1962) -- see P. tenuipalpis.

Nomen nudum:
"Lophocarenum" yuharai Yuhara, 1931 (Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 324).

Nomina dubia:
P. affinis (Simon, in Bösenberg, 1902: 201, Germany) -- Denis, 1964b: 342.
P. lichenorum (Hull, 1931: 4, f, England, originally in Lophocarenum) -- Denis, 1964b: 342.
P. moebi (Dahl, 1883: 47, f. 33, m, Germany, originally in Erigone, T to Brachycentrum by Dahl, 1886: 86 and to P. by Roewer, 1928a: 106, f. 1294) -- Denis, 1964b: 342.
P. straminea (Menge, 1868: 199, pl. 38, f. 96, mf, Germany, originally in Lophocarenum) -- Denis, 1964b: 342.
P. tenera (Schenkel, 1927b: 237, f. 3, f, Switzerland, originally in Brachycentrum) -- Thaler, 1978a: 190.
P. turgida (Blackwall, 1841: 630, mf, Europe, originally in Walckenaeria, see also Blackwall, 1864a: 299, pl. 20, f. 214, T to Lophocarenum by Simon, 1926: 461 and to Monocephalus by Hull, 1932: 108) -- Denis, 1964b: 342.

mf agaetensis Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012236]
P. a. Wunderlich, 1987a: 168, f. 458-459 (Df).
P. a. Wunderlich, 1992a: 394, f. 478-479 (Dm).

mf albifrons Holm, 1979....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012237]
P. a. Holm, 1979: 267, f. 17-21, 34, 92-94 (Dmf).

mf alpica Thaler, 1991....................Switzerland, Austria, Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012238]
P. alpicus Thaler, 1991a: 175, f. 35-48 (Dmf).

mf alticola (Berland, 1936)....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012239]
Lophocarenum a. Berland, in Fage & Simon, 1936: 322, f. 14 (Dm).
Trichopterna a. Holm, 1962: 94, f. 29a, 30a, pl. III, f. 3 (Tm from Lophocarenum, Df).
P. a. Holm, 1979: 268, f. 40, 62-63 (Tmf from Trichopterna).

mf alticola elgonensis (Holm, 1962)....................Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012240]
Trichopterna a. e. Holm, 1962: 98, f. 29c, 30c, 31e-f, pl. III, f. 5 (Dmf).
P. a. e. Holm, 1979: 269 (Tmf from Trichopterna).

mf alticola kenyensis (Holm, 1962)....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012241]
Trichopterna a. k. Holm, 1962: 97, f. 29b, 30b, 31a-d, pl. III, f. 4 (Dmf).
P. a. k. Holm, 1979: 263, f. 38-39, 64-66 (Tmf from Trichopterna).

mf alticola kivuensis (Miller, 1970)....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012242]
Trichopterna a. k. Miller, 1970: 114, pl. XXII, f. 1-6, pl. XXIII, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. a. k. Brignoli, 1983c: 352 (Tmf from Trichopterna).

mf amabilis (Simon, 1884)....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012243]
Lophocarenum amabile Simon, 1884a: 684 (Dm).
Lophocarenum amabile Denis, 1937b: 1041, pl. 4, f. 1 (Df).
P. a. Denis, 1962j: 287, f. 29-30 (f).
P. a. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 67, f. 1-9 (mf).

f aureipes Denis, 1962....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012244]
P. a. Denis, 1962j: 284, f. 13-14 (Df).

mf biceps (Holm, 1962)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012245]
Trichopterna b. Holm, 1962: 113, f. 29k, 37a-e, pl. III, f. 17-18 (Dmf).
P. b. Holm, 1979: 269, f. 30-31, 81-84 (Tmf from Trichopterna).

mf bicornuta Hillyard, 1980....................Spain, Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012246]
P. b. Hillyard 1980: 134, f. 1, 5, 8, 11, 14-15, 18 (Dmf).
P. b. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 79, f. 103-110 (mf).

mf bishopi Kaston, 1945....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012247]
P. b. Kaston, 1945b: 8, f. 41-44 (Dmf).
P. b. Kaston, 1948: 160, f. 408-411 (mf).

mf bucephala (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875)....................Western Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012248]
Erigone b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1875b: 217, pl. 29, f. 23 (Dmf).
Exechophysis bucephalus Simon, 1884a: 691, f. 548-550 (mf).
Exechophysis bucephalus Simon, 1894a: 651, f. 623-624 (m).
Exechophysis bucephalus Simon, 1926: 341, 483, f. 574-575 (mf).
Exechophysis uncinata Denis, 1968c: 313, f. 1A-F (Dmf).
Exechophysis semitecta Denis, 1968c: 315, f. 3A-B (Df).
Exechophysis bucephalus Denis, 1968d: 147, f. 2a, 3-10 (mf).
P. b. Millidge, 1977: 21, f. 68 (m).
P. b. Hillyard, 1980: 134, f. 4, 7, 10, 13, 17 (mf).
P. semitecta Brignoli, 1983c: 352.
P. uncinata Brignoli, 1983c: 352.
P. b. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 80, f. 111-118 (mf, S).
P. b. Cárdenas & Barrientos, 2011: 109, f. 29-31 (m).

m capitata (Simon, 1884)....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012249]
Lophocarenum capitatum Simon, 1884a: 682, f. 536-538 (Dm).
Lophocarenum capitatum Simon, 1926: 337, 482, f. 571 (m).

mf cedricola Bosmans & Abrous, 1992....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012250]
P. c. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 69, f. 10-17 (Dmf).

mf coccinea (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875)....................Spain, Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012251]
Erigone coccinea O. P.-Cambridge, 1875b: 205, pl. 28, f. 14 (Dm).
P. c. Denis, 1962j: 290, f. 23-28 (m, Df).
P. c. Denis, 1968d: 147, f. 1 (f).
P. c. Millidge, 1978a: 119, f. 31, 35 (m).
P. c. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 81, f. 119-126 (mf).

mf crassipes Tanasevitch, 1987....................Russia, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012252]
P. c. Tanasevitch, 1987a: 358, f. 116-122 (Dmf).
P. c. Tanasevitch, 1990: 106, f. 21.13, 23.7, 24.4 (mf).

f denisi Brignoli, 1983....................Andorra, France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012253]
Lophocarenum sp. Denis, 1938b: 568, pl. I, f. 1 (f).
P. montana Denis, 1960b: 134 (name for above f, preoccupied by Emerton, 1882).
P. d. Brignoli, 1983c: 351 (replacement name).

mf digitulus Bosmans & Abrous, 1992....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012254]
P. d. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 69, f. 18-25 (Dmf).

mf dorniana Heimer, 1987....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012255]
P. d. Heimer, 1987a: 147, f. 22-27 (Dmf).
P. d. Eskov, 1989a: 105, f. 48-53 (mf).
P. d. Hormiga, 2000: 155, pl. 78C-D (m).

mf elongata (Wider, 1834) *....................Europe, Russia, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012256]
Theridion elongatum Wider, 1834: 227, pl. 19, f. 12 (Dmf).
Micryphantes inaequalis C. L. Koch, 1841a: 103, f. 671-672 (Dmf).
Argus elongatus Walckenaer, 1841: 369.
Erigone e. Westring, 1861: 233.
Lophocarenum dicholophum Menge, 1868: 206, pl. 40, f. 103 (Dmf).
Erigone hortensia L. Koch, 1872b: 256 (Dmf).
Walckenaera e. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879f: 343.
Lophocarenum elongatum Simon, 1884a: 664, f. 503-505 (m).
Lophocarenum insanum Simon, 1884a: 666, f. 506-507 (Dmf).
Brachycentrum elongatum Dahl, 1886: 86.
Brachycentrum elongatum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 116, pl. 4, f. 34 (mf).
Lophocarenum insanum Simon, 1894a: 606, f. 619 (m).
Lophocarenum elongatum Becker, 1896: 132, pl. 11, f. 15 (mf).
Lophocarenum elongatum Bösenberg, 1902: 198, pl. 17, f. 273 (mf).
P. e. Smith, 1906: 315.
Lophocarenum insanum Simon, 1926: 335, 340, 481, f. 566 (mf).
P. e. Roewer, 1928a: 106, f. 1197, 1201 (mf).
Lophocarenum elongatum Miller, 1947: 37, pl. V, f. 2 (f).
Lophocarenum elongatum Hackman, 1952b: 77, f. 11a-c, 21 (mf).
Lophocarenum elongatum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 247, f. 150E-F (f).
Brachycentrum elongatum Tullgren, 1955: 377, f. 78a-f (mf).
P. e. Wiehle, 1960a: 34, f. 36-45 (mf).
P. e. Polenec, 1962: 67, f. 5 (m).
P. e. Denis, 1964b: 344 (S).
P. e. Tyschchenko, 1971: 258, f. 775 (m).
P. e. Miller, 1971: 265, pl. LV, f. 7-10 (mf).
P. e. Thaler, 1972a: 40, f. 2-3 (m, S).
P. e. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 87, f. 53A-D (m).
P. e. Palmgren, 1976: 90, f. 18.10-14 (mf).
P. e. Millidge, 1977: 19, f. 66 (m).
P. e. Holm, 1979: 261, f. 8-10, 23, 50-52 (m).
P. e. Millidge, 1984b: 250, f. 102 (f).
P. e. Roberts, 1987: 63, f. 23j, 25b (mf).
P. e. Weiss, 1990: 58, f. 1-2, 13-14 (m).
P. e. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 230, f. 618 (mf).
P. e. Esyunin, Efimik & Polyanin, 1995: 62, f. 18-19 (f).
P. e. Marusik & Gnelitsa, 2009a: 66, f. 19, 44-45 (mf).

m eminula (Simon, 1884)....................France, Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012257]
Lophocarenum eminulum Simon, 1884a: 684 (Dm).
Lophocarenum eminulum Simon, 1926: 337, 340, 482, f. 568 (m, Df).

mf flava Holm, 1962....................Uganda, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012258]
P. f. Holm, 1962: 118, f. 39a-c, pl. IV, f. 3 (Dm).
P. f. Miller, 1970: 104, pl. XV, f. 1-5, pl. XVI, f. 1-4 (m, Df).

m fornicata Miller, 1970....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012259]
P. f. Miller, 1970: 112, pl. XXI, f. 1-6 (Dm).

f fulva Holm, 1962....................Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012260]
P. f. Holm, 1962: 120, pl. IV, f. 4 (Df).

mf hamata Bosmans, 1988....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012261]
P. h. Bosmans, 1988: 21, f. 8a-g (Dmf).

mf hipporegia (Denis, 1968)....................Algeria, Tunisia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012262]
Exechophysis h. Denis, 1968c: 316, f. 4C-H (Dmf).
P. h. Brignoli, 1983c: 351.
P. h. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 70, f. 26-33 (m, Df; N.B.: f of Denis =P. bucephala).

mf humiliceps Holm, 1979....................Kenya, Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012263]
P. h. Holm, 1979: 265, f. 11-16, 32, 85-87 (Dmf).

mf indus Tanasevitch, 2011....................India, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044355]
P. i. Tanasevitch, 2011d: 583, f. 73-80 (Dmf).

mf inedita (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875)....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012264]
Erigone i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1875b: 209, pl. 28, f. 17 (Dmf).
Erigone heterogaster O. P.-Cambridge, 1875b: 211, pl. 29, f. 19 (Dmf).
Lophocarenum ineditum Simon, 1884a: 659, f. 495-497 (mf).
Lophocarenum ineditum Simon, 1894a: 650, f. 620 (m).
P. i. Denis, 1962j: 285, f. 15-22 (mf).
P. i. Thaler, 1977: 559, f. 8-9 (f).
P. i. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 71, f. 34-41 (mf).

f infusca Holm, 1962....................Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012265]
P. i. Holm, 1962: 121, f. 40, pl. IV, f. 5 (Df).

m intricata Jocqué, 1984....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012266]
P. i. Jocqué, 1984b: 132, f. 25-29 (Dm).

mf janus Jocqué, 1984....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012267]
P. j. Jocqué, 1984b: 128, f. 16-24 (Dmf).

mf kabyliana Bosmans & Abrous, 1992....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012268]
P. k. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 72, f. 42-49 (Dmf).

mf kalaensis Bosmans & Abrous, 1992....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012269]
P. k. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 73, f. 50-57 (Dmf).

mf laptevi Tanasevitch & Fet, 1986....................Ukraine, Iran, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012271]
P. l. Tanasevitch & Fet, 1986: 35, pl. 2, f. 1-4 (Dm).
P. l. Tanasevitch, 1989a: 145, f. 174-177 (m, Df).
P. l. Gnelitsa, 2008: 139, f. 1f-j, 2c-d, 3e-h (mf).
P. steppensis Gnelitsa, 2008: 137, f. 1a-e, 2a-b, 3a-d (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041781].
P. l. Tanasevitch, 2013b: 181 (S).

mf leonina (Simon, 1884)....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012272]
Exechophysis l. Simon, 1884a: 693 (Dm).
Exechophysis l. Denis, 1968c: 314, f. 2G-L (m, Df).
P. l. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 82, f. 127-134 (mf).

mf litoralis Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012273]
P. l. Wunderlich, 1987a: 169, f. 460-466 (Dmf).

mf loksai Szinetár & Samu, 2003....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038570]
P. l. Szinetár & Samu, 2003: 412, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

mf lunaris Bosmans & Abrous, 1992....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012274]
P. l. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 74, f. 58-65 (Dmf).

mf major (Denis, 1945)....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012275]
Lophocarenum majus Denis, 1945b: 50, f. 19 (Df).
P. m. Denis, 1962j: 288, f. 31-32 (f).
P. m. Denis, 1964b: 340, f. 1-7 (Dm).
P. majus Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 75, f. 66-73 (f, Dm; N.B.: m of Denis, 1964 =P. oujda).

mf malawiensis Jocqué, 1977....................Malawi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012276]
P. m. Jocqué, 1977b: 131, f. 1a-d, 2a-e (Dmf).

mf margaretae Georgescu, 1975....................Romania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012277]
P. m. Georgescu, 1975: 83, f. 1-13 (Dmf).

m medusoides Jocqué, 1984....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012278]
P. m. Jocqué, 1984b: 131, f. 30-34 (Dm).

mf mengei (Simon, 1884)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012279]
Erigone parumpunctata Simon, 1881g: 243 (Dm; apparently suppressed for lack of usage).
Lophocarenum parumpunctatum Simon, 1884a: 661, f. 498-499 (m).
Lophocarenum m. Simon, 1884a: 676, f. 527-528 (Dmf).
Lophocarenum m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892: 387, pl. 20, f. 1 (mf).
P. m. Smith, 1906: 315.
Lophocarenum excavatum Emerton, 1911: 391, pl. 2, f. 3 (Dmf).
Lophocarenum m. Simon, 1926: 336, 482, f. 567 (m).
Lophocarenum miniakianum Emerton, 1919a: 105, pl. 7, f. 1 (Dm).
P. excavatum Crosby & Bishop, 1928b: 1051.
P. excavata Crosby & Bishop, 1931: 383, pl. 31, f. 86-88, pl. 32, f. 89-91 (mf).
Trichopterna m. Holm, 1945b: 37, f. 10a-f (Tmf from Lophocarenum, S).
Trichopterna m. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 245, f. 149A-D (mf).
Trichopterna m. Wiehle, 1960a: 61, f. 91-99 (mf).
P. m. Merrett, 1963b: 415, f.93A-C (Tmf from Trichopterna).
Trichopterna m. Denis, 1964b: 345 (S).
Trichopterna m. Miller, 1966: 157, pl. IV, f. 7-11 (mf).
Trichopterna m. Tyschchenko, 1971: 245, f. 794 (f).
Trichopterna m. Miller, 1971: 256, pl. LII, f. 8-10 (mf).
Trichopterna m. Palmgren, 1976: 108, f. 9.23-27 (mf).
P. m. Millidge, 1977: 21, f. 70 (m).
P. m. Holm, 1979: 256, f. 1-4, 25-26, 56-58 (m).
P. m. Roberts, 1987: 61, f. 23g, 24c (mf).
P. m. Saito & Yasuda, 1988: 25, f. 7-12 (mf).
P. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 230, f. 620 (mf).
P. m. Millidge, 1993c: 147, f. 37 (f).
P. m. Marusik & Esyunin, 1998: 106, f. 3-4, 7-8 (mf).
P. m. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 116, f. 1194-1197 (mf).
P. m. Lambeets, 2008: 79, f. 1a-c (mf).
P. m. Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 261, f. 16-21 (mf).

mf minor Wunderlich, 1995....................Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012280]
P. m. Wunderlich, 1995e: 503, f. 110-115 (Dmf).

mf modica Hillyard, 1980....................Spain, Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012281]
P. m. Hillyard, 1980: 134, f. 2-3, 6, 9, 12, 16 (Dmf).
P. m. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 83, f. 135-141 (mf).

mf moesta (Banks, 1892)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012282]
Ceratinella m. Banks, 1892a: 32, pl. 2, f. 58, pl. 5, f. 58 (Dm).
Lophocarenum moestum Crosby, 1905a: 301.
Lophocarenum moestum Banks, 1911: 447, pl. 35, f. 10 (m).
Lophocarenum coriaceum Emerton, 1913a: 215, pl. 1, f. 10 (Dm).
P. moestum Crosby & Bishop, 1931: 385, pl. 32, f. 92-97 (m, Df).
P. m. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 116, f. 1198-1201 (mf).

m monsantensis Bosmans & Crespo, 2010....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043255]
P. m. Bosmans & Crespo, in Bosmans, Cardoso & Crespo, 2010: 44, f. 94-98 (Dm).

f moschensis (Caporiacco, 1947)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012283]
Lophocarenum moschense Caporiacco, 1947d: 148, f. 20 (Df).
P. m. Brignoli, 1983c: 352.

f mutica Denis, 1957....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012284]
P. muticus Denis, 1957c: 252, f. 5-6 (Df).
P. m. Brignoli, 1983c: 352.

mf nigriceps Holm, 1962....................Kenya, Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012285]
P. n. Holm, 1962: 116, f. 38a-d, pl. IV, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
P. n. Holm, 1979: 269, f. 37, 99-102 (m).

mf nigroloba Fei, Gao & Zhu, 1995....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012286]
P. n. Fei, Gao & Zhu, 1995: 168, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
P. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 203, f. 115E-H (mf).

m odontophora (Kulczyn'ski, 1895)....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012287]
Brachycentrum odontophorum Kulczyn'ski, 1895a: 28, pl. 1, f. 16-18 (Dm).
Lophocarenum odontophorum Simon, 1926: 337.
P. odontophorum Tanasevitch, 1990: 110, f. 24.6-7 (m).

mf oranensis (Simon, 1884)....................Morocco, Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012288]
Lophocarenum oranense Simon, 1884a: 685 (Dm).
P. o. Denis, 1962j: 282, f. 6-12 (m, Df).
P. o. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 76, f. 74-84 (mf).

m oujda Bosmans & Abrous, 1992....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012289]
P. o. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 77, f. 85-89 (Dm).

mf palmgreni Marusik & Esyunin, 1998....................Russia, Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012290]
P. p. Marusik & Esyunin, 1998: 105, f. 1-2, 5-6 (Dmf).

mf papillii Scharff, 1990....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012291]
P. p. Scharff, 1990a: 73, f. 189-197 (Dmf).

mf parallela (Wider, 1834)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012292]
Theridion parallelum Wider, 1834: 228, pl. 16, f. 1 (Dmf).
Micryphantes pantherinus C. L. Koch, 1836a: 69 (D).
Argus parallelus Walckenaer, 1841: 366.
Walckenaera p. Blackwall, 1864a: 296, pl. 20, f. 211 (mf).
Lophocarenum elongatum Menge, 1868: 209, pl. 41, f. 106 (m, misidentified).
Erigone aesopea L. Koch, 1879c: 70 (D).
Erigone p. Dahl, 1883: 47.
Lophocarenum parallelum Simon, 1884a: 662, f. 500-502 (mf).
Paractenonyx parallelus Dahl, 1886: 85.
Brachycentrum parallelum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 116, pl. 4, f. 35 (mf).
Lophocarenum parallelum Becker, 1896: 131, pl. 11, f. 14 (mf).
Lophocarenum parallelum Bösenberg, 1902: 199, pl. 17, f. 275 (mf).
P. parallelus Smith, 1906: 315.
P. parallelus Roewer, 1928a: 106, f. 1191, 1200 (mf).
Lophocarenum parallelum Miller, 1947: 37, pl. V, f. 3 (f).
Lophocarenum parallelum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 246, f. 150A-D (mf).
Brachycentrum parallelum Tullgren, 1955: 379, f. 79a-f (mf).
P. p. Wiehle, 1960a: 44, f. 54-60 (mf).
P. p. Merrett, 1963b: 416, f. 94A-C (m).
P. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 258, f. 779 (m).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 265, pl. LV, f. 1-3 (mf).
P. p. Holm, 1973: 87 (S).
P. p. Palmgren, 1976: 92, f. 18.15-19 (mf).
P. p. Holm, 1979: 261, f. 24, 53-55 (m).
P. p. Bürgis, 1986a: 354, f. 3 (m).
P. p. Roberts, 1987: 61, f. 23h, 24d (mf).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 230, f. 619 (mf).
P. p. Wunderlich, 1995e: 504, f. 116 (m).
P. p. Hormiga, 2000: 50, f. 23I-J (m).
P. baicalensis Marusik, Koponen & Danilov, 2001: 86, f. 23-24, 29-30 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037615].
P. p. Marusik, Koponen & Danilov, 2001: 87, f. 25-26, 31-32 (m).
P. p. Tanasevitch, 2008a: 127 (S).

mf paralleloides Tanasevitch & Fet, 1986....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012293]
P. p. Tanasevitch & Fet, 1986: 36, pl. 3, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
P. p. Tanasevitch, 1989a: 147, f. 178-181 (mf).

f partita Denis, 1953....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012294]
P. partitus Denis, 1953b: 261, f. 1-2 (Df).
P. p. Brignoli, 1983c: 352.

mf parvicollis Wunderlich, 1995....................Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012295]
P. p. Wunderlich, 1995e: 504, f. 117-121 (Dmf).

f parvioculis Miller, 1970....................Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012296]
P. p. Miller, 1970: 110, pl. XIX, f. 1-5 (Df).

mf pasteuri (Berland, 1936)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012297]
Lophocarenum p. Berland, in Fage & Simon, 1936: 323, f. 15 (Dmf).
Trichopterna p. Holm, 1962: 111, f. 29i, 36a-d, pl. III, f. 14-16 (Tmf from Lophocarenum).
Trichopterna p. Denis, 1962g: 180, f. 3-4 (Tmf from Lophocarenum).
P. p. Holm, 1979: 269, f. 33, 88-91 (Tmf from Trichopterna).

m pavida (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Greece, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012298]
Erigone p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 293, pl. 14, f. 22 (Dm).
P. p. Bosmans, 1994a: 234, f. 3-6 (m).

mf physeter (Fage, 1936)....................Congo, Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012299]
Lophocarenum p. Fage, in Fage & Simon, 1936: 324, f. 16a-c (Dmf).
Trichopterna p. Holm, 1962: 106, f. 29g, 30g, 34a-e, pl. III, f. 10-11 (Tmf from Lophocarenum).
Trichopterna p. Denis, 1962g: 178, f. 1-2 (Tmf from Lophocarenum).
P. p. Holm, 1979: 269, f. 45-46, 67-69 (Tmf from Trichopterna).

mf pooti Bosmans & Jocqué, 1993....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012300]
P. p. Bosmans & Jocqué, 1993: 130, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

mf proclinata Bosmans, 1988....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012301]
P. p. Bosmans, 1988: 23, f. 9a-f (Dmf).

mf punctilineata Holm, 1964....................Congo, Rwanda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012302]
P. p. Holm, 1964: 106, f. 6-7 (Df).
P. p. Holm, 1968b: 6, f. 7-10 (Dm).
P. p. Holm, 1979: 269, f. 36, 95-98 (m).

f punctiseriata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012303]
Lophocarenum punctiseriatum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 159, pl. 12, f. 274 (Df).
P. s. Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 261, f. 22-25 (f).

mf radicicola (L. Koch, 1872)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012304]
Erigone r. L. Koch, 1872b: 259 (Df)
Erigone thoracata O. P.-Cambridge, 1875b: 212, pl. 29, f. 20 (Dmf).
Lophocarenum thoracatum Simon, 1884a: 667, f. 508-511 (mf).
Brachycentrum thoracatum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 116, pl. 4, f. 37 (mf).
Lophocarenum thoracatum Bösenberg, 1902: 201, pl. 18, f. 281 (f).
P. thoracatus Dahl, 1912b: 606.
Brachycentrum delesserti Schenkel, 1925d: 289, f. 6 (Dmf).
Lophocarenum r. Simon, 1926: 334, 340, 481, f. 561-562 (mf).
P. thoracatus Roewer, 1928a: 106, f. 1198, 1202 (m).
Lophocarenum r. Millidge & Locket, 1952: 70, f. 12a-e (m).
Lophocarenum r. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 250, f. 152A-H (mf).
Brachycentrum r. Tullgren, 1955: 381, f. 81a-b (f).
P. r. Wiehle, 1960a: 39, f. 46-53 (mf).
P. thoracata Miller, 1971: 265, pl. LV, f. 4-6 (mf).
P. r. Millidge, 1977: 21, f. 69 (m).
P. r. Thaler, 1978a: 190 (S).
P. r. Pichka, 1983: 7, f. 6.1-2 (mf).
P. r. Roberts, 1987: 63, f. 25c, 27a (mf).
P. r. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 230, f. 622 (mf).
P. r. Millidge, 1993c: 146, f. 17 (f).

mf reclinata (Holm, 1962)....................Kenya, Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012305]
Trichopterna r. Holm, 1962: 108, f. 29h, 30h, 35a-c, pl. III, f. 12-13 (Dmf).
P. r. Holm, 1979: 269, f. 43, 73-74 (Tmf from Trichopterna).

mf riffensis Bosmans & Abrous, 1992....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012306]
P. r. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 78, f. 90-97 (Dmf).

mf robusta Weiss, 1990....................Romania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012307]
P. r. Weiss, 1990: 58, f. 3-12 (Dmf).

mf ruwenzoriensis (Holm, 1962)....................Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012308]
Trichopterna alticola r. Holm, 1962: 100, f. 29d, 30d, 31g-h (Dmf).
P. r. Holm, 1979: 269, f. 41 (Tmf from Trichopterna, elevated to species).

mf sanje Scharff, 1990....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012309]
P. s. Scharff, 1990a: 76, f. 198-213 (Dmf).

mf sculpta (Emerton, 1917)....................Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012310]
Lophocarenum sculptum Emerton, 1917: 261, f. 12 (Dmf).
P. sculptum Crosby & Bishop, 1931: 382, pl. 30, f. 80-85 (mf).
P. sculptum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939a: 70, f. 51 (m).

mf sculpta digna Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012311]
P. dignum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939a: 70, f. 50 (Dmf).
P. s. d. Crawford, 1988: 15 (downgraded to subspecies).

f senecicola Holm, 1962....................Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012312]
P. s. Holm, 1962: 122, f. 41, pl. IV, f. 6-7 (Df).

mf subflava Russell-Smith & Jocqué, 1986....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012313]
P. s. Russell-Smith & Jocqué, 1986: 440, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

m suilla (Simon, 1884)....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012314]
Exechophysis s. Simon, 1884a: 693 (Dm).
Exechophysis s. Denis, 1968c: 317, f. 4I-L (m).
P. s. Bosmans & Abrous, 1992: 79, f. 98-102 (m).

mf susannae (Simon, 1914)....................Portugal, France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012315]
Lophocarenum s. Simon, 1914b: 469 (Dm).
Lophocarenum s. Simon, 1926: 337, 482, f. 569-570 (m).
Brachycentrum clypeatum Denis, 1950d: 64, f. 1-4 (Df).
P. s. Denis, 1964b: 344 (S).
P. s. Bosmans, Cardoso & Crespo, 2010: 46, f. 99-104 (mf).

mf tenuipalpis Holm, 1979....................Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012316]
Trichopterna tenera Holm, 1962: 102, f. 29e, 30e, 32a-d, pl. III, f. 6-7 (Dmf, preoccupied by Schenkel, 1927).
P. t. Holm, 1979: 269, f. 44, 75-76 (Tm from Trichopterna; replacement name).

m tybaertielloides Jocqué, 1984....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012317]
P. t. Jocqué, 1984a: 225, f. 30-36 (Dm).

f unimaculata (Banks, 1892)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012318]
Lophocarenum unimaculatum Banks, 1892a: 35, pl. 4, f. 2 (Df).

mf varians (Holm, 1962)....................Kenya, Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012319]
Trichopterna v. Holm, 1962: 104, f. 29f, 30f, 33a-e, pl. III, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
P. v. Holm, 1979: 269, f. 42, 70-72 (Tmf from Trichopterna).