The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: SALTICIDAE

Gen. Phiale C. L. Koch, 1846 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03151]

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Cyrene Peckham & Peckham, 1893 (preoccupied; see Nycerella) according to Galiano, 1982b: 54.

Transferred to other genera:
P. acostae (Schenkel, 1953) -- see Pachomius.
P. albovittata Schenkel, 1953 -- see Freya.
P. aliceae Chickering, 1946 -- see Romitia.
P. aprica (Peckham & Peckham, 1896) -- see Nycerella.
P. bispinosa Banks, 1931 -- see Frigga.
P. bristowei Caporiacco, 1948 -- see Nycerella.
P. cardinalis Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Frigga.
P. cincta Mello-Leitão, 1942 -- see Chira.
P. coronigera (C. L. Koch, 1846) -- see Frigga.
P. crocuta (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Frigga.
P. decorata (Peckham & Peckham, 1893) -- see Nycerella.
P. delecta (Peckham & Peckham, 1896) -- see Nycerella.
P. didelphis (Simon, 1886) -- see Tullgrenella.
P. dolosa (Banks, 1909) -- see Frigga.
P. donaldi Chickering, 1946 -- see Nycerella.
P. dybowskii (Taczanowski, 1871) -- see Pachomius.
P. flammea Crane, 1949 -- see Romitia.
P. fusca (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Hasarius.
P. guianensis (Taczanowski, 1871) -- see Chira.
P. hastigera (C. L. Koch, 1846) -- see Frigga.
P. interrupta (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Nycerella.
P. jucunda (C. L. Koch, 1846) -- see Dendryphantes.
P. kessleri (Taczanowski, 1872) -- see Frigga.
P. maculosa Chickering, 1946 -- see Pachomius.
P. ministerialis C. L. Koch, 1846 -- see Romitia.
P. modestissima Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Asaracus.
P. nigrotaeniata Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Freya.
P. olomegae Kraus, 1955 -- see Frigga.
P. orvillei Chickering, 1946 -- see Frigga.
P. panamae Chamberlin, 1916 -- see Nycerella.
P. pantherina Mello-Leitão, 1946 -- see Trydarssus.
P. pratensis (Peckham & Peckham, 1885) -- see Frigga.
P. psecadiformis (Caporiacco, 1947) -- see Frigga.
P. pseudaprica Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Nycerella.
P. quintensis Tullgren, 1905 -- see Frigga.
P. rapida (C. L. Koch, 1846) -- see Euophrys.
P. simoni Berland, 1913 -- see Frigga.

In synonymy:
P. aristochratica Holmberg, 1876 = P. roburifolata Holmberg, 1875 (Galiano, 1981d: 212, contra Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 321).
P. bella (C. L. Koch, 1846, T from Freya) = P. mimica (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Galiano, 1981b: 77).
P. berina C. L. Koch, 1846 = P. gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
P. boeroi (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Freya) = P. roburifolata Holmberg, 1875 (Galiano, 1981d: 212).
P. duplocellata Mello-Leitão, 1947 = P. tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 (Edwards, Rinaldi & Ruiz, 2005: 29).
P. erythrogaster Holmberg, 1876 = P. roburifolata Holmberg, 1875 (Galiano, 1981d: 212, contra Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 321, who synonymized it with P. gratiosa instead).
P. ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1944 = P. roburifolata Holmberg, 1875 (Galiano, 1981d: 212).
P. flavoguttata (C. L. Koch, 1846) = P. guttata (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Galiano, 1979e: 345).
P. haemorrhoa (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Freya) = P. gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
P. luctuosa (Simon, 1902, T from Chira) = P. crocea C. L Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981b: 79, contra Galiano, 1961b: 161).
P. magnifica (Banks, 1909) = P. guttata (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Galiano, 1979e: 345).
P. melanargyra Mello-Leitão, 1946 = P. guttata (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Galiano, 1979e: 345).
P. mutilloides Mello-Leitão, 1947 = P. tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 (Galiano, 1981b: 76).
P. nigrosigillata Mello-Leitão, 1947 = P. tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 (Galiano, 1981b: 76).
P. obscura (Taczanowski, 1872, T from Euophrys) = P. crocea C. L Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981b: 79).
P. quadrinotatus (Mello-Leitão, 1939, T from Menemerus) = P. gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206, contra Galiano, 1963b: 2).
P. rubrosericea Mello-Leitão, 1947 = P. tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 (Galiano, 1981b: 76).
P. rufoguttata C. L. Koch, 1846 = P. gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
P. selectus (C. L. Koch, 1846, T from Plexippus) = P. gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
P. ursinus (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Menemerus) = P. gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
P. variegata (Peckham & Peckham, 1901) = P. gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
P. zonata Caporiacco, 1947 = P. crocea C. L Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981b: 79).

Nomina dubia:
P. furtiva (Walckenaer, 1837: 453, USA, originally in Attus) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1089 (sub Plexippus selectus).
P. nigra (Banks, 1898b: 284, pl. 17, f. 15, f, Mexico, originally in Pachomius, T here by Petrunkevitch, 1911: 692) -- Galiano, 1994a: 214.

m aschnae Makhan, 2006....................Suriname [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040863]
P. a. Makhan, 2006a: 11, f. 8-10 (Dm).

mf bicuspidata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Costa Rica, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035387]
Cyrene b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 238, pl. 20, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
P. b. Simon, 1903a: 702.

m bilobata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Guatemala, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035388]
Cyrene b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 230, pl. 18, f. 15 (Dm).
Freya b. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 652.
P. b. Chickering, 1946: 208, f. 174-177 (m).

f bipunctata Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035389]
P. b. Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 26, pl. 6, f. 21 (Df).
P. b. Edwards, Rinaldi & Ruiz, 2005: 28, f. 40-41, 60 (f).

f bisignata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035390]
Cyrene b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 236, pl. 20, f. 1 (Df).
P. b. Simon, 1903a: 689.

f bryantae Roewer, 1951....................Antigua [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035391]
Cyrene gratiosa Bryant, 1923: 16, pl. 2, f. 1-2 (Df; N.B.: preoccupied by Taczanowski, 1878 sub Phyale).
P. b. Roewer, 1951: 450 (replacement name).

m bulbosa (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035392]
Cyrene b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 231, pl. 18, f. 16 (Dm).
Freya b. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 652.
Freya b. Chickering, 1946: 174, f. 149-150 (m).
P. b. Galiano, 1981b: 82, f. 13-14 (Tm from Freya, contra Galiano, 1963a: 323).

mf crocea C. L. Koch, 1846....................Panama to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035393]
P. c. C. L. Koch, 1846: 194, f. 1242 (Df).
Attus obscurus Taczanowski, 1871: 124 (Dm).
Euophrys obscurus Taczanowski, 1878a: 289.
Chira luctuosa Simon, 1902d: 52 (Dm).
P. zonata Caporiacco, 1947a: 31 (Df).
Akela obscura Caporiacco, 1948a: 723 (Df).
Chira luctuosa Caporiacco, 1954: 167, f. 59, 59a (m).
Chira luctuosa Galiano, 1963a: 323, pl. XIV, f. 15-16 (m).
P. c. Galiano, 1981b: 79, f. 17-18, 22, 28 (mf, S).

mf cruentata (Walckenaer, 1837)....................Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035394]
Attus cruentatus Walckenaer, 1837: 463 (Dmf).
Salticus cruentatus Lucas, 1857c: 18, pl. 1, f. 5a-c (f).
P. c. Simon, 1903a: 701.

m cubana Roewer, 1951....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035395]
Pardessus formosus Bryant, 1940: 490, pl. 21, f. 283-284 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied by Banks, 1909 sub Cyrene).
P. c. Roewer, 1951: 450 (replacement name).

f elegans (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035397]
Cyrene e. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 238, pl. 20, f. 7 (Df).
P. e. Simon, 1903a: 702.

f flavescens (Peckham & Peckham, 1896)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035398]
Pachomius f. Peckham & Peckham, 1896: 82, pl. 6, f. 11 (Df).
Cyrene f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 239, pl. 20, f. 15 (f).
P. f. Simon, 1903a: 702.

m formosa (Banks, 1909)....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035399]
Cyrene f. Banks, 1909a: 223, pl. 5, f. 7 (Dm).
P. f. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 690.

f geminata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035400]
Cyrene g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 240, pl. 20, f. 20 (Df).
P. g. Simon, 1903a: 702.

mf gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 *....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035401]
P. g. C. L. Koch, 1846: 193, f. 1240-1241 (Df).
Plexippus selectus C. L. Koch, 1846: 100, f. 1163 (Df).
P. rufoguttata C. L. Koch, 1846: 197, f. 1245 (Df).
P. berina C. L. Koch, 1846: 198, f. 1246 (Dm).
Phyale gratiosa Taczanowski, 1878a: 315.
Philia gratiosa Bertkau, 1880a: 40.
Pardessus gratiosus Peckham & Peckham, 1896: 36.
Pardessus gratiosus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 221, pl. 18, f. 11 (f).
Palaestrina variegata Peckham & Peckham, 1901a: 304, pl. 26, f. 4 (Df).
Phiale variegata Simon, 1903a: 707.
Plexippus selectus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 695.
Menemerus 4-notatus Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 88, f. 79 (Df).
Freya haemorrhoa Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 282 (Dm).
Menemerus ursinus Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 288, f. 78 (Df).
Menemerus ursinus Galiano, 1963b: 4, pl. II, f. 3 (f).
P. g. Galiano, 1978b: 162, f. 1-4, 8-9 (f, removed from S of P. mimica).
P. rufoguttata Galiano, 1978b: 165, f. 7, 10-11 (f).
P. g. Galiano, 1981d: 206, f. 1, 5-6, 10-12 (mf, S).
P. g. Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 165 (f).

mf guttata (C. L. Koch, 1846)....................Costa Rica to Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035402]
Plexippus guttatus C. L. Koch, 1846: 96 (D).
Plexippus flavoguttatus C. L. Koch, 1846: 99, f. 1162 (Df).
P. flavoguttata Simon, 1903a: 697, f. 833 (Dm).
Cyrene magnifica Banks, 1909a: 223, pl. 6, f. 38 (Df).
P. magnifica Petrunkevitch, 1911: 692.
P. melanargyra Mello-Leitão, 1946b: 27, f. 8 (Dm).
P. magnifica Chickering, 1946: 226, f. 188-191 (f, Dm).
P. g. Galiano, 1979e: 345, f. 1-7 (Tm from Plexippus, where "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer, Sf).

f hieroglyphica (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035403]
Cyrene h. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 236, pl. 19, f. 17 (Df).
P. h. Simon, 1903a: 702.

m huadquinae Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035404]
P. h. Chamberlin, 1916: 299, pl. 25, f. 3 (Dm).

f laticava (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035405]
Cyrene l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 237, pl. 20, f. 3 (Df).
P. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 691.

m lehmanni Strand, 1908....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035406]
P. l. Strand, 1908d: 7 (Dm).

m longibarba (Mello-Leitão, 1943)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032260]
Akela l. Mello-Leitão, 1943b: 262 (Dm).
Akela longobarba Roewer, 1955c: 1171.
P. l. Edwards, Rinaldi & Ruiz, 2005: 28, f. 42-43, 61 (Tm from Akela).

f mediocava (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035407]
Cyrene m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 236, pl. 20, f. 2 (Df).
P. m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 692.

mf mimica (C. L. Koch, 1846)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035408]
Plexippus mimicus C. L. Koch, 1846: 111, f. 1137 (Df).
Euophrys bella C. L. Koch, 1846: 203, f. 1250 (Dm).
Freya bella C. L. Koch, 1850: 66.
Pardessus mimicus Peckham & Peckham, 1896: 36, pl. 3, f. 1 (f).
Pardessus mimicus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 221, pl. 18, f. 10 (j).
P. m. Simon, 1903a: 701.
P. m. Chickering, 1946: 229, f. 192-196 (f).
P. m. Galiano, 1978b: 164, f. 5-6, 12-13 (f).
P. m. Galiano, 1981b: 77, f. 11-12, 23, 31 (mf, S).

mf niveoguttata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035411]
Cyrene n. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 240, pl. 20, f. 18-19 (Dmf).
P. n. Simon, 1903a: 702.

mf ortrudae Galiano, 1981....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035412]
P. o. Galiano, 1981b: 83, f. 19-21, 24, 30 (Dmf).

f pallida (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035413]
Cyrene p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 237, pl. 20, f. 5 (Df).
P. p. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 692.
P. p. Chickering, 1946: 236, f. 198 (f).

f quadrimaculata (Walckenaer, 1837)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035414]
Attus quadrimaculatus Walckenaer, 1837: 432 (Df).
Salticus quadrimaculatus Guérin, 1838a: 167, pl. 47, f. 2 (f).
P. q. Simon, 1903a: 701.

j radians (Blackwall, 1862)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035415]
Salticus r. Blackwall, 1862b: 352 (Dj).
P. r. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 229 (Tj from Salticus).

mf roburifoliata Holmberg, 1875....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035416]
P. r. Holmberg, 1875: 293, pl. 6, f. 4 (Df).
P. aristochratica Holmberg, 1876: 24 (Df).
P. erythrogaster Holmberg, 1876: 24 (Df).
P. ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 386 (Df).
Freya boeroi Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 281 (Dm).
P. r. Galiano, 1981d: 212, f. 3-4, 7-9, 13 (mf, S).

f rubriceps (Taczanowski, 1871)....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035417]
Attus r. Taczanowski, 1871: 99 (Df).
P. r. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 190.

m septemguttata (Taczanowski, 1871)....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035418]
Attus s. Taczanowski, 1871: 102 (D).
P. s. Caporiacco, 1948a: 707 (Dm).

f similis (Peckham & Peckham, 1896)....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035419]
Pachomius s. Peckham & Peckham, 1896: 83 (Df).
P. s. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 693.

f simplicicava (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Mexico, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035420]
Cyrene s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901a: 237, pl. 20, f. 4 (Df).
P. s. Simon, 1903a: 702.
P. s. Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 238, f. 150 (f).

mf tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945....................Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035421]
P. t. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 293 (Df).
P. duplocellata Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 26, pl. 5, f. 18 (Dj).
P. mutilloides Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 27, pl. 6, f. 13 (Df).
P. nigrosigillata Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 27, pl. 6, f. 22 (Df).
P. rubrosericea Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 28, pl. 6, f. 23 (Df).
P. t. Galiano, 1981b: 76, f. 1-7, 15-16, 25-27, 29 (mf, S).
P. t. Edwards, Rinaldi & Ruiz, 2005: 29 (S).

f virgo C. L. Koch, 1846....................Suriname [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:035422]
P. v. C. L. Koch, 1846: 196, f. 1244 (Df).