The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ULOBORIDAE

Gen. Philoponella Mello-Leitão, 1917 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03363]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Uloborus Latreille, 1806, by Lehtinen, 1967: 258; considered a senior synonym of Ponella Opell, 1979: 515, type Uloborus lactescens Mello-Leitão, 1947 by Grismado, 2004b: 298.

Transferred to other genera:
P. xiamenensis Xie et al., 1997 -- see Zosis.

In synonymy:
P. abstrusa (Gertsch & Davis, 1942, T from Uloborus) = P. semiplumosa (Simon, 1893) (Opell, 1979: 534).
P. amazonica (Mello-Leitão, 1949, T from Uloborus) = P. vittata (Keyserling, 1881) (Opell, 1979: 539).
P. angolensis remyi (Berland & Millot, 1940, T from Uloborus) = P. angolensis (Lessert, 1933) (Benoit, 1972a: 181, sub Uloborus).
P. communalis (Franganillo, 1926, T from Uloborus) = P. semiplumosa (Simon, 1893) (Franganillo, 1936b: 82, sub Uloborus variegatus).
P. cuminamensis (Mello-Leitão, 1930, T from Uloborus) = P. republicana (Simon, 1891) (Opell, 1979: 524).
P. lactescens (Mello-Leitão, 1947) = P. fasciata (Mello-Leitão, 1917) (Grismado, 2004b: 298).
P. mundior (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936, T from Zosis) = P. republicana (Simon, 1891) (Opell, 1979: 524).
P. semiargentea (Simon, 1893) = P. vittata (Keyserling, 1881) (Opell, 1979: 539).
P. servula (Simon, 1893) = P. vittata (Keyserling, 1881) (Opell, 1979: 539).
P. socialis (Hingston, 1932, T from Uloborus) = P. republicana (Simon, 1891) (Mello-Leitão, 1948: 152, sub Uloborus).
P. tristis (Kulczyn'ski, 1908, T from Uloborus) = P. raffrayi (Simon, 1891) (Lehtinen, 1967: 258).
P. variegata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898) = P. semiplumosa (Simon, 1893) (Opell, 1979: 534).

mf alata Lin & Li, 2008....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041633]
P. a. Lin & Li, 2008a: 260, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

m angolensis (Lessert, 1933)....................Ivory Coast, Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006315]
Uloborus a. Lessert, 1933: 87, f. 1 (Dm).
Uloborus a. remyi Berland & Millot, 1940: 154, f. 7 (Dm).
P. a. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tm from Uloborus).
Uloborus a. Benoit, 1972a: 181 (S).

mf arizonica (Gertsch, 1936)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006316]
Uloborus arizonicus Gertsch, 1936a: 2, f. 3 (Dm).
Uloborus arizonicus Muma & Gertsch, 1964: 35, f. 62-65, 71 (m, Df).
P. a. Opell, 1979: 538, f. 245, 259-263 (Tmf from Uloborus).
P. a. Roth, 1985: B46-3, f. 6-7 (mf).
P. a. Roth, 1994: 192, f. 6 (f).

f bella Opell, 1979....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006317]
P. b. Opell, 1979: 545, f. 287-288 (Df).

f collina (Keyserling, 1883)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006318]
Uloborus collinus Keyserling, 1883a: 212, pl. 15, f. 12 (Df).
P. c. Opell, 1981: 226, f. 26-28 (Tf from Uloborus).

mf congregabilis (Rainbow, 1916)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006319]
Uloborus c. Rainbow, 1916b: 59, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
P. c. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tmf from Uloborus).

m cymbiformis Xie et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006320]
P. c. Xie et al., 1997: 34, f. 4-6 (Dm).
P. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 84, f. 36A-B (m).

mf divisa Opell, 1979....................Colombia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006321]
P. d. Opell, 1979: 526, f. 203, 216-223, pl. 8A-C (Dmf).
P. d. Opell, 1981: 226, f. 34 (m).

mf duopunctata Faleiro & Santos, 2014....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046661]
P. d. Faleiro & Santos, 2014: 577, f. 1D-G, 4A-G, 6C-F (Dmf).

mf fasciata (Mello-Leitão, 1917)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006322]
Uloborus fasciatus Mello-Leitão, 1917b: 4, 7 (Df).
Uloborus lactescens Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 4, f. 35, 39 (Dm, probably not f).
Ponella lactescena Opell, 1979: 515, f. 193, 201-202 (Tm from Uloborus, not f, =Conifaber guarani).
P. f. Opell, 1979: 542, f. 272-281 (Tf from Uloborus, Dm).
Ponella lactescena Coddington, 1990: 12, f. 39 (m).
P. f. Grismado, 2004b: 298, f. 37-38 (m, S).
P. f. Grismado, 2008b: 98, f. 2-3, 13, 16 (mf).

m fluviidulcifis Faleiro & Santos, 2014....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046660]
P. f. Faleiro & Santos, 2014: 576, f. 1C, 3A-D, 6A-B (Dm).

f gibberosa (Kulczyn'ski, 1908)....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006323]
Uloborus gibberosus Kulczyn'ski, 1908a: 472 (Df).
P. g. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tf from Uloborus).

f herediae Opell, 1987....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006324]
P. h. Opell, 1987: 59, f. 1-5 (Df).

f hilaris (Simon, 1906)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006325]
Uloborus h. Simon, 1906b: 286 (Df).
Uloborus h. Chrysanthus, 1967b: 98, f. 45-46 (f).
P. h. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tf from Uloborus).

mf lingulata Dong, Zhu & Yoshida, 2005....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039749]
P. l. Dong, Zhu & Yoshida, 2005: 89, f. 35-39 (Dmf).

f lunaris (C. L. Koch, 1839)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006326]
Tetragnatha l. C. L. Koch, 1839a: 151, f. 540 (Df).
Uloborus l. Roewer, 1955c: 1343.
P. l. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tf from Uloborus).

f mollis (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006327]
Uloborus m. Thorell, 1895: 134 (Df).
P. m. Lehtinen, 1967: 258, f. 501 (Tf from Uloborus).

m nasuta (Thorell, 1895)....................China, Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006328]
Uloborus nasutus Thorell, 1895: 136 (Dm).
Uloborus nasutus Schenkel, 1963: 18, f. 2a-b (m, removed from S of Uloborus truncatus).
P. nastus Hu, 1983: 13, f. 5A-B (m, lapsus).
P. nasutus Feng, 1990: 42, f. 17.1-2 (m).
Uloborus nasutus Chen & Zhang, 1991: 51, f. 42.1-2 (m).
P. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 84, f. 36C (m).
P. n. Yin et al., 2012: 225, f. 68a-b (m).

mf nigromaculata Yoshida, 1992....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006329]
P. n. Yoshida, 1992b: 193, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
P. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 84, f. 35I, 36D (mf).

mf opelli Faleiro & Santos, 2014....................Ecuador, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046659]
P. o. Faleiro & Santos, 2014: 573, f. 1A-B, 2A-G, 5A-F (Dmf).

f operosa (Simon, 1896)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006330]
Uloborus operosus Simon, 1896d: 221 (Df).
P. o. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tf from Uloborus).

mf oweni (Chamberlin, 1924)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006331]
Uloborus o. Chamberlin, 1924b: 579, f. 4 (Df).
Uloborus o. Muma & Gertsch, 1964: 34, f. 77-81 (f, Dm).
P. o. Opell, 1979: 536, f. 245, 255-258 (Tf from Uloborus, Dm).

f pantherina (Keyserling, 1890)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006332]
Uloborus pantherinus Keyserling, 1890: 234, pl. 21, f. 2 (Df).
Uloborus pantherinus Lehtinen, 1967: 463, f. 505 (f, possible Philoponella).
P. pantherinus Davies, 1985: 117 (Tf from Uloborus).

mf para Opell, 1979....................Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006333]
P. p. Opell, 1979: 545, f. 272, 282-286 (Dmf).

f pisiformis Dong, Zhu & Yoshida, 2005....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039750]
P. p. Dong, Zhu & Yoshida, 2005: 90, f. 40-42 (Df).

mf pomelita Grismado, 2004....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039751]
P. p. Grismado, 2004a: 107, f. 10-16 (Dmf).

mf prominens (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006334]
Uloborus p. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 106, pl. 15, f. 410 (Dmf).
Uloborus p. Yaginuma, 1954c: 15, f. 11 (f).
Uloborus p. Paik, 1978e: 193, f. 79.1-6 (mf).
P. p. Yoshida, 1980: 63 (Tmf from Uloborus).
P. p. Hu, 1983: 12, f. 4A-F (mf).
P. p. Feng, 1990: 41, f. 16.1-4 (mf).
P. p. Chen & Gao, 1990: 33, f. 36a-b (mf).
P. prominensis Chen & Zhang, 1991: 50, f. 41.1-6 (mf).
P. p. Yoshida, 1991d: 26, f. 2E (m).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 84, f. 36J-K, 36E (mf).
P. p. Kim & Lee, 1999: 13, f. 35-47 (mf).
P. p. Namkung, 2002: 74, f. 11.7a-b (mf).
P. p. Kim & Cho, 2002: 251, f. 577-582 (mf).
P. p. Namkung, 2003: 76, f. 11.7a-b (mf).
P. p. Yoshida, 2009b: 144, f. 4, 24-25 (mf).
P. p. Yin et al., 2012: 226, f. 69a-e (mf).

f quadrituberculata (Thorell, 1892)....................Java, Moluccas [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006335]
Uloborus quadri-tuberculatus Thorell, 1892a: 221 (Df).
Uloborus quadrituberculatus Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 551, pl. 23, f. 15, 24 (f).
P. q. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tf from Uloborus).

f raffrayi (Simon, 1891)....................Java, Moluccas [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006336]
Uloborus r. Simon, 1891d: 13 (Df).
Uloborus tristis Kulczyn'ski, 1908c: 46, pl. 9, f. 32 (Df).
P. r. Lehtinen, 1967: 258, f. 495 (Tf from Uloborus, S).

mf ramirezi Grismado, 2004....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039752]
P. r. Grismado, 2004a: 105, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

mf republicana (Simon, 1891) *....................Panama to Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006337]
Uloborus republicanus Simon, 1891d: 12, pl. 3, f. 1, pl. 4, f. 1 (Dmf).
Uloborus cuminamensis Mello-Leitão, 1930b: 61, f. 14-15 (Df).
Uloborus socialis Hingston, 1932: 374 (D).
Uloborus mundior Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 11, pl. 1, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
Uloborus republicanus Mello-Leitão, 1948: 152 (S).
Uloborus republicanus Caporiacco, 1948a: 624, f. 14 (f).
P. r. Lehtinen, 1967: 258, f. 486-487, 498, 500 (Tmf from Uloborus).
Zosis mundior Lehtinen, 1967: 277 (Tmf from Uloborus).
P. r. Opell, 1979: 524, f. 1, 203-215, pl. 1E, 2C, 7B (mf, S).
P. r. Opell, 1981: 226, f. 33 (m).
P. r. Coddington, 1990: 12, f. 40 (m).

mf sabah Yoshida, 1992....................Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006338]
P. s. Yoshida, 1992b: 196, f. 6-9 (Dmf).

mf semiplumosa (Simon, 1893)....................USA, Greater Antilles to Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006339]
Uloborus semiplumosus Simon, 1893b: 426 (Df).
Uloborus variegatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 266, pl. 38, f. 11 (Df).
Uloborus variegatus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 362, pl. 34, f. 8 (f).
Uloborus communalis Franganillo, 1926a: 46 (Dmf).
Uloborus variegatus Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 229, f. 77-78 (f).
Uloborus variegatus Franganillo, 1936b: 82 (S).
Uloborus variegatus Bryant, 1940: 328, f. 95 (m).
Uloborus abstrusus Gertsch & Davis, 1942: 18, f. 41-42 (Dmf).
Uloborus variegata Muma & Gertsch, 1964: 33, f. 72-76 (mf).
P. s. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tmf from Uloborus).
P. variegata Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tmf from Uloborus).
P. s. Opell, 1979: 534, f. 245-254 (mf, S).
Uloborus s. Brignoli, 1972c: 382, f. 35-37 (mf).

mf signatella (Roewer, 1951)....................Mexico to Honduras [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006340]
Uloborus signatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 264, pl. 38, f. 9-10 (Dmf; preoccupied by O. P.-Cambridge, 1876).
Uloborus signatus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 362, pl. 34, f. 5-6 (mf).
Uloborus signatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1938: 130, f. 10 (f).
Uloborus signatellus Roewer, 1951: 454 (replacement name).
P. s. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tmf from Uloborus).
P. s. Opell, 1979: 530, f. 203, 234-240 (mf).
P. s. Opell, 1981: 226, f. 35 (m).

mf subvittata Opell, 1981....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006341]
P. s. Opell, 1981: 227, f. 37-38 (Dmf).

mf tingens (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Mexico to Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006342]
Uloborus t. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 10, pl. 2, f. 10 (Df).
P. tingena Opell, 1979: 528, f. 203, 224-243, pl. 8E-F (Tf from Uloborus, Dm).
P. tingena Opell, 1981: 226, f. 36 (m).
P. t. Ibarra-Núñez, Maya-Morales & Chamé-Vázquez, 2011: 1186, f. 5i (m).

mf truncata (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar, Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006343]
Uloborus truncatus Thorell, 1895: 133 (Df).
Uloborus truncatus Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 553, pl. 13, f. 9, 13-14, 17 (f, Dm).
P. t. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tmf from Uloborus).

mf variabilis (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006344]
Uloborus v. Keyserling, 1887a: 229, pl. 20, f. 8 (Df).
P. v. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tf from Uloborus).
P. v. Davies, 1988b: 276, f. 2 (f, Dm).

mf vicina (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899)....................Mexico to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006345]
Uloborus vicinus O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 266, pl. 38, f. 12 (Df).
Uloborus vicinus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 362, pl. 34, f. 7 (f).
P. v. Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tf from Uloborus).
P. v. Opell, 1979: 532, f. 241-244 (f).
P. v. Opell, 1981: 226, f. 5, 29-32 (Dm).

mf vittata (Keyserling, 1881)....................Panama to Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006346]
Uloborus vittatus Keyserling, 1881c: 279 (D).
Uloborus servulus Simon, 1893b: 427 (Df).
Uloborus semiargenteus Simon, 1893d: 299 (Df).
Uloborus amazonicus Mello-Leitão, 1949: 2 (Df).
P. semiargentea Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tf from Uloborus).
P. servula Lehtinen, 1967: 258 (Tf from Uloborus).
P. v. Opell, 1979: 539, f. 264-271 (Tmf from Uloborus, where omitted by Roewer, S).

f wuyiensis Xie et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006347]
P. w. Xie et al., 1997: 34, f. 7-9 (Df).
P. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 84, f. 35L-M (f).