The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: CTENIDAE

Gen. Phoneutria Perty, 1833 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01801]

N.B.: considered valid by all recent authors; see Lehtinen, 1967: 258.

Transferred to other genera:
P. niveobarbata Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Ancylometes.
P. unilineata (Simon, 1897) -- see Ctenus.

In synonymy:
P. andrewsi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) = P. reidyi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 32, contra Eickstedt, Lucas & Bücherl, 1969: 70).
P. chilesica (Strand, 1916, T from Ctenus) = P. boliviensis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).
P. colombiana Schmidt, 1956 = P. boliviensis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 36).
P. depilata (Strand, 1909, T from Ctenus) = P. boliviensis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).
P. forcipata (Mello-Leitão, 1922, T from Ctenus) = P. reidyi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 75).
P. luederwaldti (Mello-Leitão, 1927) = P. nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891) (Eickstedt, 1981: 118, sub P. keyserlingi, contra Eickstedt & Lucas, 1969: 76).
P. nigriventroides (Strand, 1907) = P. boliviensis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).
P. paca (Mello-Leitão, 1922) = P. nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891) (Eickstedt & Lucas, 1969: 75).
P. rufichelis (Mello-Leitão, 1917) = P. nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 73).
P. signativenter (Strand, 1909, T from Ctenus) = P. boliviensis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).
P. sus (Strand, 1910) = P. fera Perty, 1833 (Eickstedt, 1983c: 184).
P. valdehirsutula (Strand, 1909, T from Ctenus) = P. boliviensis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).

Nomina dubia:
P. rufibarbis Perty, 1833: 197, pl. 9, f. 2 (f, Brazil) -- Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 78 (but see C. L. Koch, 1847: 63, f. 1461; Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 18, pl. 1, f. 38; Eickstedt, Lucas & Bücherl, 1969: 69, f. 2-4).
P. ochracea C. L. Koch, 1847: 62, f. 1460 (m, Brazil) -- Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 78.

Nomen nudum:
P. holmbergi Bücherl -- Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 32.

mf bahiensis Simó & Brescovit, 2001....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037787]
P. b. Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 75, f. 18-21, 26 (Dmf).
P. b. Martins & Bertani, 2007: 13, f. 19-23, 65-68 (mf).

mf boliviensis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Central, South America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020784]
Ctenus b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897b: 80, pl. 3, f. 3a-c (Dmf).
Ctenus nigriventroides Strand, 1907g: 426 (Df).
Ctenus signativenter Strand, 1909h: 305 (Dm).
Ctenus valdehirsutulus Strand, 1909h: 318 (Df).
Ctenus peregrinoides Strand, 1909h: 318 (f, provisional name only, misidentified).
Ctenus depilatus Strand, 1909i: 413 (Dm).
Ctenus chilesicus Strand, 1916b: 128 (Df).
P. b. Schmidt, 1954: 414, f. 7a-b (f).
P. colombiana Schmidt, 1956a: 28, f. 3 (Df).
P. b. Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 49 (Tmf from Ctenus).
P. nigriventroides Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 59 (Tf from Ctenus).
P. b. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 34, f. 4-8 (mf, S).
P. b. Valerio, 1983: 101, f. 2 (f).
P. b. Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74, f. 6, 16, 22 (mf, S).
P. b. Martins & Bertani, 2007: 4, f. 64 (f).
P. b. Jäger & Blick, 2010: 33, f. 1-3 (f).

mf eickstedtae Martins & Bertani, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041100]
P. e. Martins & Bertani, 2007: 14, f. 8, 12, 16, 27, 31, 35, 39, 43, 47, 51, 55, 59, 68 (Dmf).

mf fera Perty, 1833 *....................Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Suriname, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020785]
P. f. Perty, 1833: 197, pl. 39, f. 3 (Df).
Ctenus ferus Walckenaer, 1837: 370.
P. f. C. L. Koch, 1847: 60, f. 1459 (f, Dm).
Ctenus sus Strand, 1909h: 300 (Dm).
P. f. Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 16, pl. 1, f. 32, pl. 3, f. 33 (mf).
P. f. Schmidt, 1954: 419, f. 12a-b (f).
P. f. Melchers, 1963: 23, f. 11 (Tmf from Ctenus).
P. f. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1966: 675, f. 5-8, 11-12, 15-16 (mf).
P. f. Eickstedt, 1969: 33, f. 1-4 (m).
P. sus Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 65 (Tm from Ctenus).
P. f. Eickstedt, Lucas & Bücherl, 1969: 68, f. 1 (f).
P. f. Eickstedt, 1983c: 183, f. 1, 3, 5, 7-8 (mf, S).
P. f. Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 71, f. 8-9, 14, 25 (mf).
P. f. Martins & Bertani, 2007: 4, f. 63 (f).
P. f. Polotow & Brescovit, 2014: 351, f. 11C-D (m).

mf keyserlingi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040986]
Ctenus keyserlingii F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897b: 76, 81, pl. 3, f. 2c (Df).
P. k. Eickstedt, 1981: 118, f. 2, 4, 6, 8-10 (removed mf from S of P. fera, S).
P. k. Martins & Bertani, 2007: 8, f. 6, 10, 14, 18, 25, 29, 33, 37, 41, 45, 49, 53, 57, 61, 68 (removed mf from S of P. nigriventer, contra Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 72).

mf nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020787]
Ctenus n. Keyserling, 1891: 144, pl. 4, f. 98 (Df).
Ctenus n. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897b: 76, pl. 3, f. 2d (f).
Ctenus n. Strand, 1909h: 296 (Dm).
Ctenus rufichelis Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 97, f. 15-16 (Dm).
Ctenus paca Mello-Leitão, 1922b: 41 (Df).
Ctenus luederwaldti Mello-Leitão, 1927c: 403 (Df).
P. n. Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 16, pl. 1, f. 36, pl. 3, f. 34-35 (mf).
P. luederwaldti Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 18.
P. paca Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 18.
P. fera Bücherl, 1952b: 135 (S, rejected).
P. n. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1966: 675, f. 1-4, 9-10, 13-14 (Tmf from Ctenus).
P. luederwaldti Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 55 (Tf from Ctenus).
P. paca Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 61 (Tf from Ctenus).
P. rufichelis Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 64 (Tm from Ctenus).
P. n. Eickstedt & Lucas, 1969: 75, f. 1-2 (f, S).
P. n. Bücherl, 1972: 19, f. 10a (f).
P. n. Eickstedt, 1981: 106, f. 1, 3, 5, 7-10 (mf).
P. n. Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 72, f. 3-4, 7, 10-13, 15, 24 (mf, S).
P. n. Martins & Bertani, 2007: 5, f. 1-5, 9, 13, 17, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, 56, 60, 68 (mf).

mf pertyi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040987]
Ctenus rufibarbis Keyserling, 1881b: 576, pl. 16, f. 22 (f, misidentified).
Ctenus p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897b: 76, 80 (Df).
P. p. Martins & Bertani, 2007: 11, f. 7, 11, 15, 26, 30, 34, 38, 42, 46, 50, 54, 58, 68 (removed f from S of P. nigriventer, contra Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 72, Dm).

mf reidyi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Brazil, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020790]
Ctenus r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897b: 78, pl. 3, f. 1a, 2a (Df).
Ctenus andrewsi F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897b: 79, pl. 3, f. 2b (Df).
Ctenus forcipatus Mello-Leitão, 1922b: 39 (Df).
P. andrewsi Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 15, pl. 1, f. 31 (f).
P. ochracea Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 17, pl. 3, f. 37 (m, misidentified).
P. r. Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 18.
P. andrewsi Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 48 (Tf from Ctenus).
P. r. Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 61 (Tf from Ctenus).
P. rufibarbis Eickstedt, Lucas & Bücherl, 1969: 70 (S, rejected).
P. r. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 32, f. 1-3 (f, removed from S).
P. r. Eickstedt, 1983c: 188, f. 2, 4, 6 (mf).
P. r. Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 75, f. 17, 23 (mf, S).
P. r. Martins & Bertani, 2007: 4, f. 62 (f).