The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Phonognatha Simon, 1894 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01406]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Singotypa Simon, 1894 by Dondale, 1966: 1170; transferred here from the Tetragnathidae by Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 190.

Transferred to other genera:
P. acanthopus (Simon, 1907) -- see Singafrotypa.

In synonymy:
P. wagneri (Rainbow, 1896, T from Araneus) = P. graeffei (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1171).

mf graeffei (Keyserling, 1865) *....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014062]
Epeira graeffii Keyserling, 1865: 811, pl. 19, f. 12-13 (Df; patronym for Graeffe).
Epeira g. L. Koch, 1871: 98.
P. g. Simon, 1894a: 748, f. 829-831 (f).
Epeira wagneri Rainbow, 1896a: 325, pl. 19, f. 2 (Df).
P. g. Dondale, 1966: 1171, f. 5A-G (f, Sm).
P. g. Davies, 1988b: 288, f. 10 (mf).
P. g. Hormiga, Eberhard & Coddington, 1995: 323, f. 5K, 8A-G (m).
P. g. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 170, f. 11A-C, E-G (mf).
P. g. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 838, f. 125E-F, 136E (m).

mf graeffei neocaledonica Berland, 1924....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014063]
P. g. n. Berland, 1924a: 213, f. 113-117 (Dmf).

f guanga Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014064]
P. g. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 522, f. 321a-g, 322a-e (Df).

mf joannae Berland, 1924....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014065]
P. j. Berland, 1924a: 213, f. 118-120 (Dmf).

mf melania (L. Koch, 1871)....................Australia, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014066]
Epeira m. L. Koch, 1871: 100, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).
Meta m. Keyserling, 1887a: 207, pl. 18, f. 7 (Dm).
Singotypa m. Simon, 1894a: 749.
P. m. Dondale, 1966: 1172, f. 5H-O (mf).
P. m. Hickman, 1967: 56, f. 99-102 (mf).

mf melanopyga (L. Koch, 1871)....................Australia, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014067]
Epeira m. L. Koch, 1871: 97, pl. 8, f. 2 (Df).
Singotypa melanopygia Rainbow, 1916a: 87, pl. 21, f. 9 (Dm).
P. m. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 170, f. 11D, H-I (mf).
P. m. Kuntner, Coddington & Schneider, 2009: 1452, f. 1C (m).

f pallida (Dalmas, 1917)....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014068]
Singotypa p. Dalmas, 1917b: 435 (Dm).

f vicitra Sherriffs, 1928....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014069]
P. v. Sherriffs, 1928: 183, f. 1-2 (Df).