The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: PHRUROLITHIDAE

Gen. Phrurolithus C. L. Koch, 1839 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02200]

N.B.: transferred from the Liocranidae to the Corinnidae by Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2002: 265, here by Ramírez, 2014: 343; for some American taxa assigned to this genus by early authors and Lehtinen, 1967: 263, see Scotinella Banks, 1911, judged valid by Kaston (1972) and later authors.

Transferred to other genera:
P. britcheri Petrunkevitch, 1910 -- see Scotinella.
P. brittoni Gertsch, 1941 -- see Scotinella.
P. deletus Gertsch, 1941 -- see Scotinella.
P. divestus Gertsch, 1941 -- see Scotinella.
P. divinulus Gertsch, 1941 -- see Scotinella.
P. dixianus (Roddy, 1957) -- see Scotinella.
P. flavitarsis (Lucas, 1846) -- see Liophrurillus.
P. foveatus Song, 1990 -- see Otacilia.
P. fratrellus Gertsch, 1935 -- see Scotinella.
P. grandis Denis, 1964 -- see Liophrurillus.
P. hengshan Song, 1990 -- see Otacilia.
P. insularis Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Laudetia under Liocranidae.
P. komurai Yaginuma, 1952 -- see Otacilia.
P. luna Kamura, 1994 -- see Otacilia.
P. lynx Kamura, 1994 -- see Otacilia.
P. mateonus Chamberlin & Gertsch -- see Phrurotimpus.
P. portoricensis Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Laudetia under Liocranidae.
P. pugnatus Emerton, 1890 -- see Scotinella.
P. redemptus Gertsch, 1941 -- see Scotinella.
P. sculleni Gertsch, 1941 -- see Scotinella.
P. taiwanicus Hayashi & Yoshida, 1993 -- see Otacilia.
P. tibialis (Simon, 1878) -- see Phrurolinillus.
P. ulopatulisus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 -- see Oedignatha under Liocranidae.
P. vulpes Kamura, 2001 -- see Otacilia.

In synonymy:
P. difficilis Wiehle, 1967 = P. minimus C. L. Koch, 1839 (Job, 1968a: 399, for f; m =P. festivus).
P. liaoningensis Song et al., 1994= P. palgongensis Seo, 1988 (Namkung, 2002: 419).
P. rufescens (Simon, 1864, T from Micaria) = P. minimus C. L. Koch, 1839 (Simon, 1878a: 277, sub Micariosoma minimum, S omitted by Roewer).

Nomen dubium:
P. rufescens C. L. Koch, 1839: 113 (Germany) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1628.

m absurdus Gertsch, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024287]
P. a. Gertsch, 1941b: 16, f. 32-33 (Dm).

m adjacens Gertsch & Davis, 1940....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024288]
P. a. Gertsch & Davis, 1940b: 18, f. 22-23 (Dm).

f aemulatus Gertsch, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024289]
P. a. Gertsch, 1941b: 15, f. 41 (Df).

mf alatus Ivie & Barrows, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024290]
P. a. Ivie & Barrows, 1935: 20, pl. 8, f. 59-62 (Dmf).

mf annulus Zhou, Wang & Zhang, 2013....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046585]
P. a. Zhou, Wang & Zhang, 2013: 4, f. 4A-B, 5A-F, 6A-J (Dmf).

f apacheus Gertsch, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024291]
P. a. Gertsch, 1941b: 14, f. 17 (Df).

mf apertus Gertsch, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024292]
P. a. Gertsch, 1935b: 1, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

m approximatus Gertsch & Davis, 1940....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024293]
P. a. Gertsch & Davis, 1940b: 16, f. 29-30 (Dm).

m banksi Gertsch, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024294]
P. b. Gertsch, 1941b: 4, f. 13-14 (Dm).

mf bifidus Yin et al., 2004....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040365]
P. b. Yin et al., 2004c: 271, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

f callidus Gertsch, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024295]
P. c. Gertsch, 1935b: 5, f. 9 (Df).

mf camawhitae Gertsch, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024296]
P. c. Gertsch, 1935b: 4, f. 10-12 (Dmf).

mf cangshan Yang et al., 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043203]
P. c. Yang et al., 2010: 88, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf catalinius Gertsch, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024297]
P. c. Gertsch, 1941b: 10, f, 37-39 (Dmf).

mf claripes (Dönitz & Strand, 1906)....................China, Sakhalin, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024298]
Micaria c. Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 388, pl. 6, f. 68 (Df).
Micaria clasipes Saito, 1959: 146, f. 201a-c (f).
P. c. Yaginuma, 1960: 115, f. 93.3-4 (Tmf from Micaria).
Micaria clasipis Lee, 1966: 70, f. 25k-l (f).
P. c. Yaginuma, 1971: 115, f. 93.3-4 (mf).
Micaria clasipes Hu, 1984: 301, f. 319.1-2 (f).
P. c. Zhu et al., 1985: 166, f. 149a-c (m).
P. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 184, f. 102.2 (mf).
P. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 127, f. 22 (mf).
P. c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 254, f. 266 (f).
P. c. Zhao, 1993: 341, f. 163a-b (mf).
P. c. Marusik & Crawford, 2006: 176, f. 14 (f).
P. c. Kamura, 2009: 553, f. 26-28 (mf).
P. c. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 137, f. 12.6 (f).

mf coahuilanus Gertsch & Davis, 1940....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024299]
P. c. Gertsch & Davis, 1940b: 16, f. 33-35 (Dmf).

f concisus Gertsch, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024300]
P. c. Gertsch, 1941b: 15, f. 31 (Df).

f connectus Gertsch, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024301]
P. c. Gertsch, 1941b: 8, f. 30 (Df).

mf coreanus Paik, 1991....................Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024302]
P. c. Paik, 1991a: 174, f. 1-9 (Df).
P. c. Ikeda, 1991: 17, f. 1-8 (f, Dm).
P. c. Saito, 1992c: 952, f. 4-5 (m).
P. c. Kim & Choi, 2001: 84, f. 31-39 (f).
P. c. Namkung, 2002: 416, f. 33.5a-b (mf).
P. c. Namkung, 2003: 454, f. 35.5a-b (mf).
P. c. Kamura, 2009: 553, f. 38-41 (mf).

mf corsicus (Simon, 1878)....................Corsica, Sardidnia to Romania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024303]
Micariosoma corsicum Simon, 1878a: 278, pl. 16, f. 8 (Dmf).
P. c. Bösenberg, 1902: 265, f. 385 (f).
P. c. Simon, 1932: 948, 973, f. 1469-1470 (mf).
P. c. Rosca, 1968: 86, f. 23a-b (mf).
P. c. Pantini, Sassu & Serra, 2013: 60, f. 4-5 (m).

m daoxianensis Yin et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024304]
P. d. Yin et al., 1997a: 25, f. 1-4 (Dm).
P. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 411, f. 240G-H (m).
P. d. Yin et al., 2012: 1072, f. 561a-d (m).

f debilis Gertsch & Davis, 1940....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024305]
P. d. Gertsch & Davis, 1940b: 17, f. 26 (Df).

f dianchiensis Yin et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024306]
P. d. Yin et al., 1997a: 26, f. 5-8 (Df).
P. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 411, f. 239C-D (f).
P. d. Yin et al., 2012: 1073, f. 562a-d (f).

f diversus Gertsch & Davis, 1940....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024307]
P. d. Gertsch & Davis, 1940b: 19, f. 20 (Df).

mf dolius Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024308]
P. d. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 35, pl. 16, f. 131-132, pl. 17, f. 141 (Dmf).

mf duncani (Chamberlin, 1925)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024309]
Phruronellus d. Chamberlin, 1925a: 7 (Dm).
P. d. Gertsch, 1941b: 4, f. 40 (Df).

f emertoni Gertsch, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024310]
P. e. Gertsch, 1935b: 9, f. 20 (Df).
Phrurotimpus e. Barnes, 1953: 17.

f faustus Paik, 1991....................Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024311]
P. f. Paik, 1991a: 176, f. 10-16 (Df).
P. f. Kim & Choi, 2001: 85, f. 40-46 (f).

mf festivus (C. L. Koch, 1835) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024312]
Macaria festiva C. L. Koch, 1835: 129, pl. 15 (D).
P. f. C. L. Koch, 1839a: 110, f. 511-512 (Dmf).
Drassus propinquus Blackwall, 1854a: 175 (Dm).
Drassus propinquus Blackwall, 1861a: 120, pl. 6, f. 74 (m).
Phrurolithum festivum Simon, 1864: 168.
P. f. L. Koch, 1866: 229, pl. 9, f. 148-150 (mf).
P. f. Thorell, 1871a: 169.
P. f. Menge, 1873: 330, pl. 58, f. 189 (mf).
Micariosoma festivum Simon, 1878a: 275, pl. 16, f. 6 (mf).
Liocranum celer O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 40 (Dj).
Agroeca celer O. P.-Cambridge, 1893a: 147.
Micariosoma festivum Becker, 1896: 293, pl. 17, f. 8 (mf).
P. f. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1897: 247, pl. 10, f. 6, 10 (mf).
Micariosoma festivum Simon, 1897a: 151, f. 149-150 (m).
P. f. Bösenberg, 1902: 264, pl. 25, f. 384 (mf).
Agroeca celer O. P.-Cambridge, 1902b: 13, pl. A, f. 1.
P. f. Lessert, 1910b: 429, f. 198-200 (mf).
P. f. Pereleschina, 1928: 43, f. 10-11 (m).
P. f. Simon, 1932: 947, 973, f. 1463-1464 (mf).
P. f. Reimoser, 1937a: 85, f. 79-80 (mf).
P. f. Palmgren, 1943: 63, f.
P. f. Tullgren, 1946: 57, f. 16, pl. 9, f. 115, pl. 10, f. 116-117 (mf).
P. f. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 161, f. 81A-B (mf).
Scotina celer Roewer, 1955c: 569.
P. f. Braendegaard, 1966: 216, f. 181-183 (mf).
P. f. Wiehle, 1967a: 17, f. 63-64 (mf).
P. difficilis Wiehle, 1967a: 18, f. 74-76 (m, misidentified; f=P. minimus).
P. f. Tyschchenko, 1971: 133, f. 340 (m).
P. f. Miller, 1971: 105, pl. XI, f. 31 (m).
P. f. Job, 1968a: 399, f. 2a-c, 3a-b (m, S).
P. f. Roberts, 1985: 92, f. 36d (mf).
P. f. Sterghiu, 1985: 148, f. 43c-g (mf).
P. f. Grimm, 1986: 48, f. 6, 12, 49, 52-53 (mf).
P. f. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 392, f. 1023 (mf).
P. f. Roberts, 1995: 143, f. (mf).
P. f. Mcheidze, 1997: 177, f. 356 (m).
P. f. Roberts, 1998: 152, f. (mf).
P. f. Danilov, 1999: 313, f. 2C-F (mf).
P. f. Krumpalova, 1999: 61, f. 1-4 (mf).
P. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 411, f. 239E-F, 240I-J (mf).
P. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 307, f. 195A-F (mf).
P. f. Kamura, 2004: 48, f. 3-7 (mf).
P. f. Marusik & Crawford, 2006: 177, f. 15 (f).
P. f. Almquist, 2006: 345, f. 299a-g (mf).
P. f. Seyyar, Demir & Topçu, 2008: 320, f.1a-c, 2A-B (m).
P. f. Kamura, 2009: 553, f. 29-32 (mf).
P. f. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 376, f. 270A-E (mf).
P. f. Wunderlich, 2012a: 22, f. 23-25 (mf).
P. f. Ramírez, 2014: 236, f. 164C-H, 180C-D (mf).

f flavipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1872....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024313]
P. f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 252, pl. 16, f. 35 (Df).

f florentinus Caporiacco, 1923....................Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024314]
P. f. Caporiacco, 1923: 204, f. 1 (Df).

mf goodnighti Muma, 1945....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024316]
P. g. Muma, 1945: 99, pl. 10, f. 14-16 (Dmf).

mf hamatus Wang, Zhang & Zhang, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045335]
P. h. Wang, Zhang & Zhang, 2012: 44, f. 6B, 8A-E, 9A-I (Dmf).

mf hamdeokensis Seo, 1988....................Russia, Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024317]
P. minimus Tu & Zhu, 1986: 92, f. 20-23 (mf, misidentified).
P. h. Seo, 1988a: 82, f. 22-26 (Df).
P. h. Paik, 1991a: 179, f. 29-38 (f).
P. h. Danilov, 1999: 313, f. 2G, 3A-C (mf).
P. h. Kim & Choi, 2001: 88, f. 67-76 (f).
P. h. Namkung, 2002: 417, f. 33.6a (f).
P. h. Namkung, 2003: 455, f. 35.6a (f).

f kastoni Schenkel, 1950....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024320]
P. k. Schenkel, 1950b: 73, f. 25a, b (Df).

mf kentuckyensis Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1930....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024321]
P. k. Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1930: 141, f. 23-25 (Dmf).
Phrurotimpus k. Muma, 1944: 11.

mf labialis Paik, 1991....................Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024323]
P. l. Paik, 1991a: 177, f. 17-28 (Df).
P. l. Seo, 2000: 177, f. 1-4 (Dm).
P. l. Kim & Choi, 2001: 86, f. 47-58 (f).
P. l. Kamura, 2001a: 56, f. 21-23 (f).
P. l. Namkung, 2002: 420, f. 33.9a (f).
P. l. Namkung, 2003: 458, f. 35.9a (f).
P. l. Kamura, 2005b: 93, f. 1-2 (m).
P. l. Kamura, 2009: 556, f. 46-48 (mf).

mf leviculus Gertsch, 1936....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024324]
P. l. Gertsch, 1936a: 18, f. 17-18 (Dmf).

m luppovae Spassky, 1941....................Tajikistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024327]
P. l. Spassky, 1941: 24, f. 13 (Dm).

mf minimus C. L. Koch, 1839....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024329]
P. m. C. L. Koch, 1839a: 111, f. 513 (Dm).
P. m. Westring, 1861: 329 (Df).
Phrurolithum parvulum Simon, 1864: 169 (unnecessary replacement name).
Macaria rufescens Simon, 1864: 113 (Df, preoccupied here).
P. m. L. Koch, 1866: 227, pl. 9, f. 146-147 (m).
Micariosoma minimum Simon, 1878a: 277, pl. 16, f. 7 (mf, S).
P. scalaris Bertkau, 1880b: 273, pl. 6, f. 6 (Dmf).
Micariosoma minimum Becker, 1896: 295, pl. 17, f. 16 (mf).
P. m. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1897: 249, pl. 10, f. 4 (mf).
Micariosoma minimum Simon, 1897a: 147, f. 147-148.
P. m. Bösenberg, 1902: 264, pl. 24, f. 383 (mf).
P. m. Jackson, 1911b: 385, pl. 12, f. 1-3 (m).
P. m. Simon, 1932: 947, 973, f. 1465-1466 (mf).
P. m. Reimoser, 1937a: 86, f. 81-82 (mf).
P. m. Tullgren, 1946: 58, f. 17, pl. 10, f. 108 (mf).
P. m. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 161, f. 81C-D (mf).
P. m. Wiehle, 1967a: 16, f. 65-67 (mf).
P. difficilis Wiehle, 1967a: 18, f. 73 (Df, m=P. festivus).
P. m. Job, 1968a: 399, f. 1 (f, S).
P. m. Miller, 1971: 105, pl. XII, f. 1-2 (mf).
P. m. Roberts, 1985: 92, f. 36e (mf).
P. m. Sterghiu, 1985: 150, f. 44a-c (mf).
P. m. Grimm, 1986: 55, f. 51, 56-57 (mf).
P. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 392, f. 1025 (mf).
P. m. Roberts, 1995: 143, f. (mf).
P. m. Roberts, 1998: 152, f. (mf).
P. m. Almquist, 2006: 346, f. 200a-d (mf).

mf nemoralis Bryant, 1940....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024331]
P. n. Bryant, 1940: 440, pl. 17, f. 226, 236 (Dmf).

f nigerus Yin, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046208]
P. n. Yin, in Yin et al., 2012: 1077, f. 565a-c (f).

mf nigrinus (Simon, 1878)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024332]
Micariosoma nigrinum Simon, 1878a: 276, pl. 16, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
P. n. Lessert, 1910b: 431.
P. n. Simon, 1932: 948, 974, f. 1467-1468 (mf).
P. n. Sterghiu, 1985: 153, f. 44h-i (mf).
P. n. Hänggi, 1993: 311, f. 9-12 (mf).

mf nipponicus Kishida, 1914....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024333]
P. n. Kishida, 1914b: 124, f. 1 (Df).
P. n. Yaginuma, 1958f: 74, f. 15-17 (f, Dm).
P. n. Yaginuma, 1960: 115, f. 93.1-2 (mf).
P. n. Arita, 1970: 28, f. 7 (f).
P. n. Yaginuma, 1971: 115, f. 93.1-2 (mf).
P. n. Yaginuma, 1986a: 184, f. 102.1 (mf).
P. n. Chikuni, 1989b: 127, f. 21 (mf).
P. n. Kamura, 2009: 553, f. 22-25 (mf).

f oabus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024334]
P. o. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 36, pl. 17, f. 142 (Df).

mf palgongensis Seo, 1988....................Russia, China, Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024335]
P. p. Seo, 1988a: 83, f. 27-32 (Df).
P. p. Paik, 1991a: 180, f. 39-46 (f).
P. liaoningensis Song et al., 1994: 169, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
P. pargongensis Danilov, 1999: 316, f. 3D (f).
P. liaoningensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 411, f. 239M-N, 240M-N (mf).
P. p. Kim & Choi, 2001: 87, f. 59-66 (f).
P. p. Namkung, 2002: 419, f. 33.8a-c (f, Sm).
P. p. Namkung, 2003: 457, f. 35.8a-c (f, Sm).

mf paludivagus Bishop & Crosby, 1926....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024336]
P. p. Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 192, pl. 24, f. 39-40 (Dmf).
Phrurotimpus p. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 188.

f parcus (Hentz, 1847)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024337]
Herpyllus p. Hentz, 1847: 461, pl. 24, f. 19 (Df).
P. p. Marx, 1890: 514.

mf pennatus Yaginuma, 1967....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024338]
P. p. Yaginuma, 1967b: 102, f. 3i-k (Dmf).
P. p. Paik, 1970b: 88, f. 20-21 (f).
P. p. Yamakawa & Kumada, 1979: 12, f. 9-10 (mf).
P. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 185, f. 102.3 (mf).
P. p. Seo, 1988a: 79, f. 1-11 (mf).
P. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 127, f. 23 (mf).
P. p. Paik, 1991a: 181, f. 47-57 (mf).
P. p. Danilov, 1999: 317, f. 3E-F, 4A (mf).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 411, f. 230O-P (f).
P. p. Kim & Choi, 2001: 89, f. 77-87 (mf).
P. p. Namkung, 2002: 418, f. 33.7a-b (mf).
P. p. Namkung, 2003: 456, f. 35.7a-b (mf).
P. p. Kamura, 2009: 553, f. 42-45 (mf).
P. p. Yin et al., 2012: 1078, f. 566a-g (mf).

mf pinturus Ivie & Barrows, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024339]
P. p. Ivie & Barrows, 1935: 22, pl. 8, f. 63-65 (Dmf).
Scotinella p. Barnes, 1953: 17.

f pipensis Muma, 1945....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024340]
P. p. Muma, 1945: 100, pl. 10, f. 17 (Df).

mf pullatus Kulczyn'ski, 1897....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024342]
P. p. Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1897: 247, pl. 10, f. 5, 8, 11 (Dmf).
P. p. Miller, 1936b: 263, f. 7-8 (mf).
P. p. Miller, 1947: 44, pl. XIII, f. 9 (f).
P. p. Wiehle, 1967a: 16, f. 68-70 (mf).
P. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 133, f. 341 (m).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 105, pl. XII, f. 3-4 (mf).
P. p. Sterghiu, 1985: 152, f. 44d-e (mf).
P. p. Grimm, 1986: 57, f. 48, 58-59 (mf).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 392, f. 1022 (mf).

m pygmaeus Thorell, 1875....................Russia, Ukraine [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024343]
P. p. Thorell, 1875b: 80 (Dm).
P. p. Thorell, 1875c: 115 (Dm).

f qiqiensis Yin et al., 2004....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040366]
P. q. Yin et al., 2004c: 272, f. 8-10 (Df).

f revolutus Yin et al., 2004....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040943]
P. r. Yin et al., 2004c: 273, f. 11-16 (Df).

mf schwarzi Gertsch, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024344]
P. s. Gertsch, 1941b: 12, f. 10-12 (Dmf).

f shimenensis Yin et al., 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024345]
P. s. Yin et al., 1997a: 27, f. 9-14 (Df).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 412, f. 239Q-R (f).
P. s. Yin et al., 2012: 1079, f. 567a-f (f).

mf similis Banks, 1895....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024346]
P. s. Banks, 1895d: 81 (Dm).
P. delicatulus Gertsch, 1935b: 2, f. 4-5 (m, not f, =P. singulus).
P. s. Gertsch, 1941b: 1, f. 1-3 (m, Df).
P. s. Kaston, 1948: 392, f. 1397-1398 (mf).

mf singulus Gertsch, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024347]
P. delicatulus Gertsch, 1935b: 3, f. 6 (f, misidentified).
P. s. Gertsch, 1941b: 1, f. 4-6 (Dmf).

mf sinicus Zhu & Mei, 1982....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024348]
P. s. Zhu & Mei, 1982: 49, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
P. s. Hu, 1984: 304, f. 323.1-5 (mf).
P. s. Song, 1987: 330, f. 285 (mf).
P. s. Zhang, 1987: 199, f. 173.1-5 (mf).
P. s. Seo, 1988a: 81, f. 12-21 (mf).
P. s. Paik, 1991a: 184, f. 58-71 (mf).
P. s. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 254, f. 267.1-5 (mf).
P. s. Danilov, 1999: 317, f. 4B (f).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 412, f. 13L, 239S, 240A-B, 241A-B (mf).
P. s. Hu, 2001: 301, f. 176.1-4 (mf).
P. s. Kim & Choi, 2001: 91, f. 88-101 (mf).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 307, f. 196A-H (mf).
P. s. Kamura, 2001a: 50, f. 8-13 (mf).
P. s. Namkung, 2002: 421, f. 33.10a-b (mf).
P. s. Namkung, 2003: 459, f. 35.10a-b (mf).
P. s. Lee et al., 2004: 99, unnumbered f. (mf).
P. s. Kamura, 2009: 553, f. 33-37 (mf).
P. s. Yin et al., 2012: 1081, f. 568a-f (mf).

f sordidus Savelyeva, 1972....................Russia, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024349]
P. s. Savelyeva, 1972c: 1406, f. 11-14 (Df).

f spinosus Bryant, 1948....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024350]
P. s. Bryant, 1948b: 433, pl. 12, f. 116 (Df).

mf splendidus Song & Zheng, 1992....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024351]
P. pennatus Tu & Zhu, 1986: 93, f. 24-28 (mf, misidentified).
P. pennatus Chen & Zhang, 1991: 256, f. 269.1-5 (mf, misidentified).
P. s. Song & Zheng, 1992b: 103, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 412, f. 240C-D, 241C-D (mf).
P. s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 377, f. 271A-G (mf).

mf szilyi Herman, 1879....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024352]
P. s. Herman, 1879: 161, 357, pl. 7, f. 161 (Dmf).
P. s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1897: 247, pl. 10, f. 7, 9 (mf).
P. s. Wiehle, 1967a: 16, f. 71-72 (mf).
P. s. Miller, 1971: 105, pl. XI, f. 30, pl. XII, f. 5 (mf).
P. s. Sterghiu, 1985: 153, f. 44f-g (mf).
P. s. Grimm, 1986: 58, f. 50, 54-55 (mf).
P. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 392, f. 1024 (mf).
P. s. Lecigne, 2012: 163, f. 14-15 (m).

m tamaulipanus Gertsch & Davis, 1940....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024354]
P. t. Gertsch & Davis, 1940b: 19, f. 32 (Dm).

m tepejicanus Gertsch & Davis, 1940....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024355]
P. t. Gertsch & Davis, 1940b: 18, f. 18-19 (Dm).

mf umbratilis Bishop & Crosby, 1926....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024357]
P. u. Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 194, pl. 24, f. 41-43 (Dmf).
Phrurotimpus u. Muma, 1944: 11.

mf wallacei Gertsch, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024358]
P. w. Gertsch, 1935b: 8, f. 13-15 (Dmf).

mf wanshou Yin, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046209]
P. w. Yin, in Yin et al., 2012: 1082, f. 569a-f (Dmf).

f zhejiangensis Song & Kim, 1991....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:024359]
P. z. Song & Kim, 1991: 23, f. 16-18 (Df).
P. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 412, f. 240E-F (f).

mf zongxu Wang, Zhang & Zhang, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045336]
P. z. Wang, Zhang & Zhang, 2012: 46, f. 6C, 10A-E, 11A-I (Dmf).