The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: LINYPHIIDAE

Gen. Porrhomma Simon, 1884 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01210]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Opistoxys Simon, 1884 by Thaler, 1975a: 142.

Transferred to other genera:
P. antarcticum Hickman, 1939 -- see Neomaso.
P. boreum (L. Koch, 1879) -- see Collinsia.
P. fuegianum (Tullgren, 1901) -- see Laminacauda.
P. kisoense Oi, 1960 -- see Microbathyphantes.
P. parasiticum (Westring, 1851) -- see Thyreosthenius.
P. pedemontanum Gozo, 1908 -- see Troglohyphantes.
P. tateyamaense Oi, 1960 -- see Bathyphantes.

In synonymy:
P. acutum (Simon, 1884) = P. microphthalmum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871) (Thaler, 1975a: 142).
P. desolatum (L. Koch, 1879, T from Linyphia, where "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer) = P. montanum Jackson, 1913 (Holm, 1973: 97, who suppressed the older name).
P. emertoni Roewer, 1942 = P. cavernicola (Keyserling, 1886) (Miller, 2005b: 430).
P. fagei Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940 = P. campbelli F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894 (Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 238).
P. formosum (L. Koch, 1879, T from Erigone, where "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer) = P. montanum Jackson, 1913 (Holm, 1973: 97, who suppressed the older name).
P. hakusanense Oi, 1964 = P. montanum Jackson, 1913 (Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 332, sub P. hebescens).
P. hebescens (L. Koch, 1879, T from Bathyphantes) = P. montanum Jackson, 1913 (Holm, 1973: 97, who suppressed the older name).
P. kolosvaryi Kratochvíl, 1934 = P. microps (Roewer, 1931) (Thaler, 1967: 171).
P. kulczynskii Starega, 1974 = P. boreale (Banks, 1899) (Tanasevitch, 2013b: 184).
P. lativelum Tretzel, 1956 = P. microps (Roewer, 1931) (Ruzicka, 2009: 1089).
P. moderatum Silhavý, 1958 = P. egeria Simon, 1884 (Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 238).
P. moravicum Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940 = P. egeria Simon, 1884 (Bourne, 1977a: 89).
P. norvegicum Strand, 1901 = P. convexum (Westring, 1851) (Holm, 1944: 130).
P. nunamo Holm, 1970 = P. boreale (Banks, 1899) (Eskov, 1988e: 105).
P. obambulatum Kritscher, 1969 = P. egeria Simon, 1884 (Bourne, 1977a: 89).
P. proserpina (Simon, 1872) = P. convexum (Westring, 1851) (Holm, 1944: 133).
P. pusiolum (Fickert, 1875, T from Bathyphantes) = P. convexum (Westring, 1851) (Rozwalka, 2010: 317.
P. rosenhaueri hungaricum Loksa, 1970 = P. profundum Dahl, 1939 (Thaler & Plachter, 1983: 260).
P. spipolae Caporiacco, 1949 = P. microps (Roewer, 1931) (Ruzicka, 2009: 1089).
P. strandi (Charitonov, 1928, T from Bathyphantes sub B. articus) = P. pygmaeum (Blackwall, 1834) (Holm, 1944: 130, but cf. Ivie, 1969: 7).
P. subterraneum Simon, 1884 = P. rosenhaueri (L. Koch, 1872) (Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 238).
P. thorelli (Herman, 1879) = P. convexum (Westring, 1851) (Fage, 1931: 147, 158, sub P. proserpina).

Homonym replaced:
P. oblongum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871) -- see P. cambridgei.

Nomina dubia:
P. calypso (Bertkau, in Förster & Bertkau, 1883: 256, pl. 3, f. 7, f, Germany, originally in Linyphia, T here by Bösenberg, 1901: 70, pl. 6, f. 73) -- Thaler, 1968: 384.
P. fonsfrigidum Drensky, 1929: 38, 71, pl. 4, f. 1-3 (mf, Balkans, see also Drensky, 1935: 104, f. 2) -- Thaler, 1968: 384; Deltshev, 2003: 143.
P. inconspicuum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872b: 751, pl. 65, f. 5 (m, Germany, originally in Erigone, T here by Simon, 1884a: 372) -- Thaler, 1968: 384.
P. jacksoni Simon, 1926: 404, 527 (f, France) -- Thaler, 1968: 384.
P. rasum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879f: 343, pl. 17, f. 1 (m, Czech Rep., originally in Neriene, T here by Simon, 1884a: 372) -- Thaler, 1968: 384.
P. rufipes (Blackwall, 1833: 345, mf, England, originally in Neriene, T to Microneta by Simon, 1884a: 441, here per Roewer, renamed as Erigone lapidicola by Thorell, 1873: 443 because preoccupied in that genus) -- Bristowe, 1941: 527; Thaler, 1968: 384.
P. umbraticum (L. Koch, 1881b: 55, pl. 2, f. 7, m, Germany, originally in Linyphia, T here by Simon, 1884a: 372) -- Thaler, 1968: 384.

mf boreale (Banks, 1899)....................Russia, Mongolia, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012401]
Gongylidium borealis Banks, 1899a: 347, pl. A, f. 1 (D).
Oedothorax borealis Strand, 1906a: 445.
P. nunamo Holm, 1970: 194, f. 12-15 (Dmf).
P. kulczynskii Starega, 1974: 22, f. 7-8, photo 3 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012412].
P. borealis Eskov, 1988e: 105 (Tmf from Oedothorax, S).
P. b. Tanasevitch, 2013b: 184, f. 105-116 (mf, S).

mf borgesi Wunderlich, 2008....................Azores [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041783]
P. b. Wunderlich, in Borges & Wunderlich, 2008: 254, f. 3a-f (Dmf).

mf cambridgei Merrett, 1994....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012402]
Linyphia oblonga O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 433 (Df; N.B.: a primary homonym of the fossil species Linyphia oblonga Koch & Berendt, 1854).
Microneta oblonga Simon, 1884a: 441.
P. oblongum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894b: 102, pl. 2, f. 4 (f, Dm).
P. oblongum Jackson, 1913: 43, f. 25 (f).
P. c. Merrett, 1994: 318, f. 1-4 (f, replacement name for P. oblongum, removed from S of P. oblitum, contra Millidge & Locket, 1952: 71).
P. c. Thaler, Buchar & Kubcová, 2003: 173, f. 1 (f).
P. c. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 20, f. 5 (f).

mf campbelli F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012403]
P. campbellii F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894b: 105, pl. 2, f. 5 (Df).
P. c. Jackson, 1913: 44, f. 15 (f).
P. c. Jackson, 1916b: 362 (Dm).
P. c. Fage, 1933a: 56, f. 2 (m).
P. c. Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 183, f. 7(1), 8 (mf).
P. fagei Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 180, f. 7(2), 9 (Dmf).
P. c. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 33, f. 199F, 200E, 202D (mf).
P. c. Thaler, 1968: 375, f. 2d, 7a-e, 8a-b (mf).
P. fagei Miller, 1971: 240, pl. XLVII, f. 21-22 (mf).
P. c. Palmgren, 1975: 71, f. 17.24-25 (f).
P. fagei Palmgren, 1975: 68, f. 17.22-23 (f).
P. c. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 56d, 58d (mf).
P. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 236, f. 634 (mf, S).
P. c. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 23, f. 10 (f).

mf cavernicola (Keyserling, 1886)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012404]
Linyphia incerta Emerton, 1875: 280, pl. 1, f. 13-21 (Dmf; N.B.: preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1841).
Willibaldia incerta Keyserling, 1886b: 123.
Willibaldia c. Keyserling, 1886b: 123, pl. 15, f. 204 (Df).
Troglohyphantes incertus Simon, 1894a: 690.
Troglohyphantes c. Simon, 1894a: 706.
Troglohyphantes c. Crosby, 1905b: 368, f. 20-22 (Dm).
P. incertum Berland, 1931a: 384.
P. c. Roewer, 1942a: 603.
P. emertoni Roewer, 1942a: 603 (replacement name for Linyphia incerta).
P. c. Miller, 2005b: 428, f. 5-26 (mf, S).

mf convexum (Westring, 1851) *....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012405]
Erigone convexa Westring, 1851: 60 (Dmf).
Erigone reticulata Westring, 1851: 59 (D).
Linyphia convexa Westring, 1861: 137.
Linyphia proserpina Simon, 1872b: 475, pl. 16, f. 6-7 (Dm).
Linyphia pusiola Fickert, 1875: 20, f. 3 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:009590].
Linyphia thorellii Herman, 1879: 69, 345, pl. 7, f. 153 (Dmf).
Bathyphantes convexus Simon, 1884a: 351.
Bathyphantes pusiolus Simon, 1884a: 351.
P. proserpina Simon, 1884a: 360, f. 13 (m).
P. scopiferum Simon, 1884a: 361, f. 136-137 (Dmf).
P. diabolicum Simon, 1884a: 362 (Dmf).
P. scopiferum Simon, 1894a: 681, f. 756.
P. norvegicum Strand, 1901b: 25, f. 5 (Dmf).
P. thorelli Lessert, 1910b: 215, f. 123-124 (mf).
P. thorelli Jackson, 1913: 36, f. 22, 27 (mf).
P. proserpina Simon, 1926: 466, 528, f. 799 (mf).
P. proserpina Fage, 1931: 147, f. XIV-XV (f, S).
P. pygmaeum proserpina Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 167, f. 1-2.
P. proserpina Kolosváry & Loksa, 1944: 22, f. 1a-c (f).
P. c. Holm, 1944: 130, 133 (Tmf from Bathyphantes, S).
P. c. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 330, f. 199B, 200B, 202A (mf).
P. c. Wiehle, 1956: 238, f. 397-400 (mf).
P. c. Braendegaard, 1958: 76, f. 74-75 (mf).
P. proserpina Dresco, 1959c: 375, f. 16 (f).
P. pygmaeum c. Thaler, 1968: 369, f. 2a, 4d-e, 5a-b (mf, reduced to subspecies, rejected).
P. c. Tyschchenko, 1971: 223, f. 702 (f).
P. c. Miller, 1971: 238, pl. XLVII, f. 12-13 (mf).
P. c. Palmgren, 1975: 67, f. 17.15-18 (mf).
P. pygmaeum c. Brignoli, 1975c: 17, f. 9 (f).
P. c. Millidge, 1977: 48, f. 191-192 (m).
P. c. Bourne, 1977b: 153, f. 1e-f, 4c-d, f, h (mf).
P. c. Brignoli, 1979o: 26, f. 53-55, 57-62 (m, S, rejected).
P. c. Loksa, 1981b: 335, f. 12-14 (mf).
P. c. Thaler & Plachter, 1983: 257, f. 18 (m).
P. c. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 56b, 58b (mf).
P. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 238, f. 639 (mf).
P. c. Agnarsson, 1996: 129, f. 140A, 141A-B (mf).
P. pygmaeum Russell-Smith, 2009a: 20, f. 6 (f, misidentified).
P. c. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 22, f. 9 (f).
P. c. Breuss, 2009: 302, f. 7-15 (mf).
P. c. Isaia et al., 2011: 122, f. 2.30A-B, 2.31 (mf).

f corsicum Simon, 1910....................Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012406]
P. c. Simon, 1910a: 57 (Df).

mf egeria Simon, 1884....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012407]
P. e. Simon, 1884a: 357, f. 131-133 (Dmf).
P. e. Simon, 1894a: 681, f. 754, 757 (m).
P. e. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895b: 36, pl. 4, f. 13-14 (mf).
P. e. Bösenberg, 1902: 150, pl. 13, f. 199 (mf).
P. e. Strand, 1906g: 13, f. 1-11 (mf).
P. e. Jackson, 1913: 42, f. 20, 31 (mf).
P. e. Schenkel, 1923: 96, pl. 7, f. 9 (mf).
P. e. Simon, 1926: 462, 527, f. 795 (mf).
P. e. Fage, 1931: 146, f. 21.
P. e. Dahl, 1938: 121, f. 4b, 5a, 9b (mf).
P. e. Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 186, f. 10(2).
P. moravicum Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 183, f. 10(1), 11 (Dmf).
P. e. Kolosváry & Loksa, 1944: 21, f. 1d (removed mf from S of E. calypso).
P. e. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 334, f. 198E, 199E, 201B, 202E (mf).
P. moravicum Silhavý, 1958: 104, f. 1 (m).
P. moderatum Silhavý, 1958: 106, f. 2-3 (Dmf).
P. e. moravicum Thaler, 1968: 377, f. 1d-e, 2e, 8c-e, 9a-b (mf, reduced to subspecies).
P. obambulatum Kritscher, 1969: 285, f. 3-4 (Dm).
P. moderatum Miller, 1971: 240, pl. XXXIII, f. 20 (m).
P. moravicum Miller, 1971: 240, pl. XLVII, f. 19-20 (mf).
P. e. Palmgren, 1975: 68, f. 17.10-12 (f).
P. e. Bourne, 1977a: 89, f. 1a-i (mf, S).
P. e. Brignoli, 1979o: 28, f. 56, 63-65 (mf).
P. e. Thaler & Plachter, 1983: 257, f. 17 (m).
P. e. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 57b, e, 59b (mf).
P. e. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 236, f. 633 (mf, S).
P. e. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 18, f. 2 (f).

mf errans (Blackwall, 1841)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012409]
Neriene e. Blackwall, 1841: 643 (Dmf).
Argus e. Walckenaer, 1847a: 511.
Neriene e. Blackwall, 1864a: 253, pl. 18, f. 170 (mf).
Linyphia e. Thorell, 1873: 443.
P. e. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894b: 100, pl. 2, f. 1 (mf).
P. e. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 76, pl. 3, f. 16 (mf).
P. e. Becker, 1896: 58, pl. 8. f. 1 (mf).
P. e. Jackson, 1913: 34, f. 19, 28 (mf).
P. e. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 333, f. 199H, 201A, 202H (mf).
P. e. Moritz, 1964: 340, f. 4-11 (mf).
P. e. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 57a, 59a (mf).
P. e. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 236, f. 632 (mf).
P. e. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 18, f. 1 (f).

mf gertschi Hackman, 1954....................Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012410]
P. g. Hackman, 1954: 31, f. 111-119 (Dmf).

f indecorum Simon, 1910....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039963]
P. i. Simon, 1910a: 56 (Df; nomen dubium per Thaler, 1968: 384).
P. i. Bosmans, 2006a: 149, f. 63-64 (f).

mf longjiangense Zhu & Wang, 1983....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045568]
P. longjiangensis Zhu & Wang, 1983: 148, f. a-e (Df).
P. longjiangensis Zhu, Wen & Sun, 1986: 207, f. 3a-b (Dm).
P. longjiangensis Eskov & Marusik, 1994: 52, f. 45-48 (mf).
P. rakanum Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 204, f. 115O-P (m, misidentified).
P. longjiangensis Tanasevitch, 2012: 372, f. 15-22 (removed mf from S of P. rakanum, after Marusik & Koponen, 2000: 62, contra Li & Song, 1993: 250).

mf macrochelis (Emerton, 1917)....................Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012414]
Gongylidium m. Emerton, 1917: 263, f. 15 (Dm).
P. m. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 61 (Tm from Gongylidium, recorded f; N.B.: considered a junior S of Macrargus multesimus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1875) by Buckle et al., 2001: 130).

mf magnum Tanasevitch, 2012....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045567]
P. m. Tanasevitch, 2012: 369, f. 1-14, 23-24 (Dmf).

f marphaense Wunderlich, 1983....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012415]
P. m. Wunderlich, 1983a: 230, f. 25-26 (Df).

mf microcavense Wunderlich, 1990....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012416]
P. m. Wunderlich, 1990: 164, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
P. m. Thaler, Buchar & Kubcová, 2003: 174, f. 2-3 (f).
P. m. van Helsdingen & IJland, 2011: 23, f. 1-8 (mf).

mf microphthalmum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012417]
Linyphia microphthalma O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 434, pl. 56, f. 25 (Df).
Linyphia decens O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 436, pl. 56, f. 27 (Dm).
Bathyphantes charpentieri Lebert, 1877: 163, pl. 4-5, f. 29-35 (Dmf).
Linyphia incerta O. P.-Cambridge, 1878a: 117, pl. 11, f. 2 (Dm).
Linyphia incerta O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 205 (Df).
Linyphia m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1881a: 523 (m).
P. decens Simon, 1884a: 263.
P. errans Simon, 1884a: 264, f. 138 (Dmf).
Opistoxys acuta Simon, 1884a: 373, f. 148-149 (Df).
P. m. Simon, 1884a: 372.
Opistoxys acuta Simon, 1894a: 702, f. 761.
P. meadii F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894b: 101, pl. 2, f. 2 (Dmf).
P. decens F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894b: 106, pl. 2, f. 7 (m).
P. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894b: 106, pl. 2, f. 7a (m).
P. m. Jackson, 1913: 41, f. 16, 26 (mf).
P. m. Simon, 1926: 465, 527, f. 798 (mf).
Opistoxys acuta Simon, 1926: 466, 528 (Dm).
P. m. Dahl, 1938: 128, f. 4f, 5d, 9f (mf).
P. m. Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 169, f. 3-4 (1-2) (mf).
P. m. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 333, f. 199G, 200F, 202G (mf).
P. m. Wiehle, 1956: 241, f. 401-404 (mf).
P. m. Thaler, 1968: 373, f. 6c-d (f).
P. m. Denis, 1968e: 238, f. 1 (f).
P. m. Tyschchenko, 1971: 223, f. 704 (f).
P. m. Miller, 1971: 238, pl. XLVII, f. 14-15 (mf).
P. m. Thaler, 1975a: 142, f. 1-4 (m, S).
P. m. Thaler & Steiner, 1975: 187, f. 7-8 (f).
P. m. Miller & Obrtel, 1975: 8, pl. I, f. 8-9, pl. II, f. 5 (mf).
P. m. Palmgren, 1975: 71, f. 18.1-3 (mf).
P. m. Weiss & Sárbu, 1977: 238, f. 4.4-5 (mf).
P. m. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 56e, 58e (mf).
P. m. Hippa, Koponen & Mannila, 1984: 27, f. 4 (m).
P. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 236, f. 635 (mf).
P. m. Guryanova, 2003: 5, f. 4 (f).
P. m. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 22, f. 8 (f).
P. m. Ruzicka, 2009: 1086, f. 3-4, 7 (m).

mf microps (Roewer, 1931)....................Europe to Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012418]
Troglohyphantes m. Roewer, 1931: 9, f. 7 (Df).
P. kolosvaryi Kratochvíl, 1934: 186, f. 5 (Dmf).
P. kolosvaryi Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 173, f. 5 (mf).
P. spipolae Caporiacco, in Bianchi et al., 1949: 500, f. 2a-b (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012432].
P. microphthalmum lativela Tretzel, 1956: 45, f. 1-4 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012413].
P. microphthalmum kolosvaryi Tretzel, 1956: 54.
P. m. Thaler, 1967: 171, f. 5 (Tf from Troglohyphantes, Sm).
P. m. Holm, 1968a: 190, f. 12 (f).
P. kolosvaryi Dobat, 1969: 195, f. 1-4 (m).
P. microphthalmum m. Miller & Obrtel, 1975: 8, pl. II, f. 6 (m).
P. microphthalmum lativela Miller & Obrtel, 1975: 9, pl. I, f. 1-7, pl. II, f. 8-10 (m, Df).
P. convexum Brignoli, 1979o: 26 (S of P. spipolae, rejected).
P. microphthalmum lativela Thaler, 1982c: 403, f. 6 (f).
P. microphthalmum lativela Thaler & Plachter, 1983: 257, f. 20-22 (mf).
P. lativela Thaler, 1983a: 146, f. 102-103 (mf, elevated from subspecies).
P. lativela van Helsdingen, 1986a: 13, f. 3-5 (mf).
P. spipolae van Helsdingen, 1986a: 15, f. 6-8 (removed from S of P. convexum).
P. lativela Tanasevitch, 1990: 95, f. 14.6 (f).
P. lativela Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 236, f. 636 (mf).
P. m. Deltshev, Lazarov & Petrov, 2003: 19, f. 2-5 (mf).
P. m. Ruzicka, 2009: 1089, f. 5-6, 9 (m, S).

mf montanum Jackson, 1913....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012419]
Linyphia hebescens L. Koch, 1879c: 35, pl. 1, f. 23 (Df; N.B.: suppressed by Holm, 1973 for lack of usage).
Erigone formosa L. Koch, 1879c: 67 (D; N.B.: suppressed by Holm, 1973 for lack of usage).
Linyphia desolata L. Koch, 1879c: 38 (D; N.B.: suppressed by Holm, 1973 for lack of usage).
P. m. Jackson, 1913: 40, f. 24, 34 (Dmf).
P. m. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 335, f. 199J, 201D, 202F (mf).
P. m. Wiehle, 1956: 236, f. 391-396 (mf).
P. m. Braendegaard, 1958: 78, f. 75-76 (mf).
P. m. Casemir, 1962: 16, f. 3, pl. I, f. 4 (mf).
P. hakusanensis Oi, 1964: 29, f. 11-12 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012411].
P. m. Miller, 1971: 238, pl. XLVII, f. 16 (m).
P. m. Yaginuma & Nishikawa, 1971: 74, f. 1.7-8 (f).
P. m. Hauge, 1972a: 17, f. 1-2 (f).
P. m. Yaginuma, 1972e: 303, f. 35 (f).
P. m. Holm, 1973: 97 (S).
P. m. Palmgren, 1975: 68, f. 17.8-9 (mf).
P. m. Miller & Obrtel, 1975: 9, pl. IV, f. 1-3 (mf).
P. m. Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1981: 56, f. 1 (f).
P. hakusanense Brignoli, 1983c: 310.
P. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 86, f. 46.7 (f).
P. m. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 57d, 59d (mf).
P. m. Tanasevitch, 1990: 95, f. 14.4 (f).
P. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 236, f. 631 (mf).
P. hebescens Eskov & Marusik, 1994: 67 (resurrected older name, but P. montanum clearly eligible for protection under ICZN Article 79b).
P. hebescens Agnarsson, 1996: 130, f. 140C, 143A-B (mf).
P. hebescens Kim & Kim, 2000: 33, f. 11A-D (mf).
P. herbescens Namkung, 2002: 179, f. 17.32a-b (m, lapsus).
P. m. Namkung, 2003: 181, f. 17.32a-b (mf).
P. m. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 19, f. 4 (f).
P. hebescens Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 332, f. 1105-1109 (mf, S).
P. m. Sestáková, 2011: 2, f. 2C (f).

mf myops Simon, 1884....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012420]
P. m. Simon, 1884a: 358 (Df).
P. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894b: 107, pl. 2, f. 6.
P. m. Jackson, 1913: 37, f. 17, 30 (f, Dm).
P. m. Simon, 1913: 368 (Dm).
P. pygmaeum m. Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 168.
P. pygmaeum m. Thaler, 1968: 371, f. 2g, 5c-e (mf).
P. m. Bourne, 1977b: 154, f. 1a-d, g, 4a-b, e, g (mf).
P. m. Segers, 1988: 44, f. 2 (f).
P. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 238, f. 640 (mf).

mf oblitum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012421]
Linyphia oblita O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 432 (Dm).
Neriene pallipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 437 (Dm).
Neriene pallipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 133 (Df).
Lephthyphantes oblitus Simon, 1884a: 329.
Microneta pallipes Simon, 1884a: 441.
P. o. Jackson, 1913: 39, f. 23, 33 (mf).
P. o. Millidge & Locket, 1952: 71 (S).
P. o. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 334, f. 199I, 201C, 202H (mf).
P. o. Casemir, 1962: 14, f. 1, pl. I, f. 2 (mf).
P. o. Thaler, 1968: 365, f. 1b-c, 2c, 3a-e (mf).
P. o. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 57c, 59c (mf).
P. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 236, f. 630 (mf).
P. o. Merrett, 1994: 319, f. 5-6 (f).
P. o. Agnarsson, 1996: 130, f. 140B, 142A-B (mf).
P. o. Ledoux, 2001: 23, f. 3A-B (mf).
P. o. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 19, f. 3 (f).
P. o. Sestáková, 2011: 1, f. 1, 2B (f).

mf ocella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012422]
P. o. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943: 4, f. 1-2 (Dmf).

mf ohkawai Saito, 1977....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012423]
P. o. Saito, 1977a: 29, f. 15-17 (Dm).
P. o. Saito, 1977b: 48, f. 1-7 (m, Df).
P. o. Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 332, f. 1113-1115 (mf).

f omissum Miller, 1971....................Czech Rep., Slovakia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012424]
P. o. Miller, 1971: 239, pl. XLVII, f. 26-27 (Df).
P. o. Miller & Obrtel, 1975: 9, pl. IV, f. 4-7 (f).

mf pallidum Jackson, 1913....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012425]
P. p. Jackson, 1913: 38, f. 18, 32 (Dmf).
P. oblongum Fage, 1931: 163, f. 20 (f, misidentified).
P. p. Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 189, f. 12(1, 2) (mf).
P. p. Kauri, 1947: 65, f. 2 (f).
P. p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 332, f. 198D, 199D, 200D, 202B (mf).
P. p. Wiehle, 1956: 243, f. 405-409 (mf).
P. p. Thaler, 1968: 381, f. 1a, 2f, 9c-e (mf).
P. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 224, f. 705 (f).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 238, pl. XLVII, f. 23 (f).
P. p. Palmgren, 1975: 67, f. 17.19-21 (mf).
P. p. Pakhorukov & Utochkin, 1977b: 910, f. 21 (f).
P. p. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 56c, 58c (mf).
P. p. Hippa, Koponen & Mannila, 1984: 27, f. 2-3, 5-12 (mf).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 236, f. 637 (mf).
P. p. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 21, f. 7 (f).

mf pallidum affinis Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940....................Slovakia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012426]
P. p. a. Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 189, f. 12(3), 13 (Dmf).

mf profundum Dahl, 1939....................Eastern Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012427]
Linyphia rosenhaueri Herman, 1879: 375 (f, misidentified).
P. rosenhaueri Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 77 (misidentified).
P. microphthalmum Fage, 1931: 162, f. 18-19 (mf, misidentified).
P. rosenhaueri Kratochvíl, 1934: 186, f. 4a-b (mf, misidentified).
P. cavernicola Dahl, 1938: 127, f. 4d, 6-7, 9d (Dmf; preoccupied).
P. p. Dahl, 1939: 48, 136 (D).
P. p. Miller & Kratochvíl, 1940a: 176, f. 6 (mf).
P. microphthalmum p. Tretzel, 1956: 54.
P. rosenhaueri hungaricum Loksa, 1970: 269, f. 1-6 (Dmf; N.B.: omitted by Brignoli).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 238, pl. XLVII, f. 17-18 (mf).
P. microphthalmum p. Miller & Obrtel, 1975: 8, pl. I, f. 10-11. pl. II, f. 7 (mf).
P. p. Thaler, 1983a: 146, f. 104 (m).
P. p. Thaler & Plachter, 1983: 260 (S).
P. p. Ruzicka, 2009: 1087, f. 8 (m).

mf pygmaeum (Blackwall, 1834)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012428]
Neriene pygmaea Blackwall, 1834a: 52 (Dmf).
Neriene pygmaea Blackwall, 1834b: 376 (mf).
Neriene pygmaea Blackwall, 1864a: 261, pl. 17, f. 177 (mf).
Erigone pygmaea Thorell, 1873: 486.
Erigone barbata Thorell, 1875a: 88 (Dm).
Erigone barbata Thorell, 1875c: 43 (Dm).
Neriene barbata O. P.-Cambridge, 1879e: 210.
Neriene pygmaea O. P.-Cambridge, 1881a: 441.
P. p. Simon, 1884a: 366, f. 139-140 (mf).
P. p. Simon, 1894a: 681, f. 755.
P. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894b: 104, pl. 2, f. 3 (mf).
P. p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 76, pl. 3, f. 15 (mf, in part).
P. p. Becker, 1896: 59, pl. 8, f. 2 (mf).
Bathyphantes arcticus Strand, 1901b: 23, f. 8 (Dmf, preoccupied).
P. p. Bösenberg, 1902: 150, pl. 13, f. 200 (mf).
P. p. Jackson, 1913: 35, f. 21, 29 (mf).
P. p. Simon, 1926: 465, 528, f. 797 (mf).
Bathyphantes strandi Charitonov, 1928: 56 (replacement name for B. arcticus).
P. p. Dahl, 1938: 128, f. 4e, fc, 8, 9e (mf).
P. p. Holm, 1944: 130 (S).
P. p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 329, f. 199A, 200A, 202A (mf).
P. p. Wiehle, 1956: 227, f. 376-380 (mf).
P. p. Casemir, 1962: 14, f. 2, pl. I, f. 3 (mf).
P. p. Merrett, 1963b: 378, f. 34A-C (m).
P. p. Thaler, 1968: 367, f. 2b, 4a-c (mf).
P. p. Miller, 1971: 238, pl. XLVII, f. 10-11 (mf).
P. p. Palmgren, 1975: 66, f. 17.13-14 (mf).
P. p. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 56a, 58a (mf).
P. p. Segers, 1988: 45, f. 1 (f).
P. p. Tanasevitch, 1990: 95, f. 14.5 (f).
P. p. Coddington, 1990: 15, f. 69 (m).
P. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 236, f. 638 (mf).
P. p. Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 332, f. 1110-1112 (mf).
P. p. Ruzicka, 2009: 1083, f. 1-2 (m).
P. p. Sestáková, 2011: 2, f. 2A (f).
P. p. Tanasevitch, 2011d: 585, f. 117 (f).
P. p. Russell-Smith, 2011d: 22, unnumbered f. (f).

mf rakanum Yaginuma & Saito, 1981....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012429]
P. r. Yaginuma & Saito, 1981: 33, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. r. Yaginuma, 1986a: 86, f. 46.8 (mf).
P. r. Li & Song, 1993: 250 (S P. longjiangense, rejected).
P. r. Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 332, f. 1116-1118 (mf).

mf rosenhaueri (L. Koch, 1872)....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012430]
Linyphia r. L. Koch, 1872c: 128, pl. 1, f. 2-5 (Dmf).
P. subterraneum Simon, 1884a: 359 (Dj).
P. r. Strand, 1906g: 139, f. 12a.
P. r. Simon, 1884a: 373, f. 135 (m).
P. subterraneum Simon, 1926: 464, 527, f. 796 (Df).
P. subterraneum Fage, 1931: 160, f. 16 (f).
P. r. Fage, 1931: 161, f. 17 (mf, in part).
P. r. Dahl, 1938: 126, f. 1-3, 4a, 9a (mf).
P. r. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 332, f. 199C, 200C, 202C (mf).
P. r. Tretzel, 1956: 54, f. 5-6 (m).
P. r. Wiehle, 1956: 230, f. 375, 381-385 (mf).
P. subterraneum Thaler, 1968: 374, f. 6a-b (f).
P. r. Thaler & Plachter, 1983: 258, f. 19, 23-24 (mf).
P. r. Roberts, 1987: 114, f. 57f, 59e (mf).
P. r. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 238, f. 641 (mf, S).
P. r. Russell-Smith, 2009a: 23, f. 10 (f).

f sodonta (Chamberlin, 1949)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012431]
Willibaldia s. Chamberlin, 1949: 559, f. 146 (Df).
P. s. Thaler, 1968: 385.

mf terrestre (Emerton, 1882)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:012433]
Tmeticus terrestris Emerton, 1882: 57, pl. 17, f. 6 (Dm).
Gongylidium t. Simon, 1884a: 500.
Erigone terrestris Marx, 1890: 536.
Oedothorax terrestris Crosby, 1905a: 313.
Microneta clavata Emerton, 1917: 265, f. 17(3-4) (Dmf).
Sciastes terrestris Bishop & Crosby, 1938: 79, pl. 5, f. 54-56 (mf).
Sciastes terrestris Kaston, 1948: 211, f. 683-684 (mf).
P. terrestris Ivie, 1967: 130 (Tmf from Sciastes).
P. t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 148, f. 1632-1633 (mf).