The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: PSECHRIDAE

Gen. Psechrus Thorell, 1878 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01772]

Transferred to other genera:
P. nicobarensis Tikader, 1977 -- see Fecenia.

In synonymy:
P. alticeps Pocock, 1899 = P. torvus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869) (Lehtinen, 1967: 261).
P. castaneus Hogg, 1915 = P. argentatus (Doleschall, 1859) (Levi, 1982: 128, contra Lehtinen, 1967: 260).
P. curvipalpis Fage, 1929 = P. singaporensis Thorell, 1894 (Levi, 1982: 125, contra Lehtinen, 1967: 261).
P. flavolineatus (Rainbow, 1898, T from Uloborus) = P. argentatus (Doleschall, 1859) (Davies & Gallon, 1986: 236).
P. guiyangensis Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985 = P. sinensis Berland & Berland, 1914 (Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 397).
P. xinping Chen et al., 2002 = P. tingpingensis Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985 (Bayer, 2012: 102).

Nomen dubium:
P. mimus Chamberlin, 1924a: 2 (j, China): Wang & Yin, 2001: 330 (contra Levi, 1982: 123, f. 36-37, who considered the name a junior synonym of P. sinensis Berland & Berland, 1914 instead) and Bayer, 2012: 145, f. 63h-i).

f aluco Bayer, 2012....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045117]
P. a. Bayer, 2012: 33, f. 13a-c, 87f, 90f (Df).

mf ancoralis Bayer & Jäger, 2010....................Laos, Thailand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043239]
P. a. Bayer & Jäger, 2010: 65, f. 26-40, 44-53, 56, 61-62 (Dmf).
P. a. Bayer, 2012: 47, f. 1a-c, 21a-g, 22a-d, 81a, 82m, 83a, 85a, 88a, 91a (mf).

f annulatus Kulczyn'ski, 1908....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045116]
P. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 565, pl. 23, f. 21 (Df).
P. singaporensis Levi, 1982: 125, f. 52-53 (f, misidentified).
P. a. Bayer, 2012: 32, f. 12a-d, 81f, 82i, 87e, 90e (removed f from synonymy of P. singaporensis, contra Levi, 1982: 125).

mf antraeus Bayer & Jäger, 2010....................Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043238]
P. a. Bayer & Jäger, 2010: 61, f. 10-23, 55, 58-60 (Dmf).
P. a. Bayer, 2012: 56, f. 27a-g, 82h, o, 85d, 88d, 91d (mf).

f arcuatus Bayer, 2012....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045121]
P. a. Bayer, 2012: 45, f. 20a-c, 87k, 90k (Df).

mf argentatus (Doleschall, 1857) *....................Sulawesi to Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020363]
Tegenaria argentata Doleschall, 1857: 407 (Df).
Tegenaria argentata Doleschall, 1859: 49, pl. 8, f. 9 (f).
P. a. Thorell, 1878b: 171.
P. a. Thorell, 1881: 207 (Dm).
P. a. Simon, 1892a: 226, f. 168-170, 174 (m).
Uloborus flavolineatus Rainbow, 1898a: 333, pl. 7, f. 3 (Df).
P. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 561, pl. 23, f. 30 (f).
P. castaneus Hogg, 1914a: 56 (Df).
P. castaneus Hogg, 1915a: 434, f. 22 (f).
P. a. Lehtinen, 1967: 462, f. 475 (m).
P. a. Chrysanthus, 1967b: 105, f. 68-71 (f).
P. a. Levi, 1982: 128, f. 1-6, 62-67, 89 (mf, S).
P. a. Davies & Gallon, 1986: 236 (S).
P. a. Griswold et al., 2005: 37, f. 164C-D, 167A-C (mf)
P. a. Bayer, 2012: 15, f. 2a-i, 3a-i, 4a-h, 84a, 87a, 90a (mf).

f borneo Levi, 1982....................Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020364]
P. b. Levi, 1982: 126, f. 56-57 (Df).
P. b. Bayer, 2012: 27, f. 9a-c, 87d, 90d (f).

mf cebu Murphy, 1986....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020365]
P. c. Murphy, 1986: 66, f. 3-6 (Dmf).
P. c. Bayer, 2012: 143, f. 79a-d, 80a-f, 86l, 89l, 92l (mf).

mf clavis Bayer, 2012....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045130]
P. torvus Kayashima, 1962: 9, f. 1-4 (f, misidentified).
P. taiwanensis Ono, 2009a: 140, f. 1-3 (f, misidentified).
P. taiwanensis Yoshida, 2009c: 7, f. 1-8 (f, Dm, misidentified).
P. c. Bayer, 2012: 119, f. 66a-e, 67a-j, 86f, 89h, 92h (Dmf).

mf crepido Bayer, 2012....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045134]
P. ghecuanus Levi, 1982: 123, f. 32-33 (f, misidentified).
P. c. Bayer, 2012: 137, f. 76a-d, 77a-h, 83g, 86j, 89k, 92k (Dmf).

mf decollatus Bayer, 2012....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045118]
P. torvus Lehtinen, 1967: 260, f. 476 (f, misidentified).
P. d. Bayer, 2012: 34, f. 14a-h, 84g, 87g, 90g (Dmf).

mf demiror Bayer, 2012....................Vietnam, Cambodia, and/or Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045125]
P. d. Bayer, 2012: 87, f. 46a-d, 47a-c, 85m, 88l, 91l (Dmf).

mf elachys Bayer, 2012....................Thailand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045119]
P. e. Bayer, 2012: 41, f. 17a-g, 82f, 83d, 84i, 87i, 90i (Dmf).

f fuscai Bayer, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045129]
P. f. Bayer, 2012: 109, f. 59a-c, 82d, 89e, 92e (Df).

mf ghecuanus Thorell, 1897....................Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020366]
P. g. Thorell, 1897a: 261 (Df).
P. torvus Lehtinen, 1967: 260 (S, rejected).
P. g. Levi, 1982: 123, f. 29-31 (f, removed from S; not f. 32-33, =P. crepido).
P. g. Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985: 19, f. 1A-I (f, Dm).
P. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 397, f. 232A-B, M-N (mf).
P. g. Wang & Yin, 2001: 333, f. 5-8 (mf).
P. g. Bayer, 2012: 75, f. 37a-g, 38a-f, 39a-h, 40a-d, 82e, 85j, 88k, 91k (mf).

mf hartmanni Bayer, 2012....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045131]
P. torvus Simon, 1892a: 234, f. 173, 175 (m, misidentified).
P. torvus Levi, 1982: 120, f. 23-24 (f, misidentified).
P. h. Bayer, 2012: 129, f. 71a-e, 72a-d, 81b, 82j, p, 83f, 86h, 89n, 92n (Dmf).

mf himalayanus Simon, 1906....................India, Nepal, Bhutan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020367]
P. h. Simon, 1906b: 287 (Dm).
P. h. Hubert, 1973a: 678, f. 7-12 (m, Df).
P. h. Levi, 1982: 119, f. 7-12 (mf).
P. h. Bayer, 2012: 64, f. 31a-d, 32a-k, 82l, 85g, 88h, 91h (mf).

mf inflatus Bayer, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045123]
P. i. Bayer, 2012: 72, f. 35a-d, 36a-f, 85i, 88g, 91g (Dmf).

mf jaegeri Bayer, 2012....................Thailand, Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045126]
P. j. Bayer, 2012: 90, f. 48a-d, 49a-g, 50f, 81g, 83c, 85n, 88n, 91n (Dmf).

f jinggangensis Wang & Yin, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037764]
P. j. Wang & Yin, 2001: 334, f. 11-12 (Df).
P. j. Bayer, 2012: 112, f. 61a-b (f).

f kenting Yoshida, 2009....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042860]
P. k. Yoshida, 2009c: 9, f. 11-13 (Df).
P. k. Bayer, 2012: 117, f. 64a-e, 82c, 89i, 92i (f).

mf khammouan Jäger, 2007....................Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041096]
P. k. Jäger, 2007: 47, f. 54-67 (Dmf).
P. k. Bayer, 2012: 59, f. 28a-d, 29a-e, 82b, 85e, 88e, 91e (mf).

m kinabalu Levi, 1982....................Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020368]
P. k. Levi, 1982: 126, f. 54-55 (Dm).
P. k. Bayer, 2012: 30, f. 11a-d, 83e, 84d (m).

mf kunmingensis Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020369]
P. k. Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985: 25, f. 5A-D (Df).
P. tingpingensis Feng, 1990: 34, f. 9.1-5 (f only, misidentified).
P. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 397, f. 232C-D, O-P (f, Dm).
P. k. Wang & Yin, 2001: 334, f. 9-10 (f).
P. k. Bayer, 2012: 110, f. 60a-g, 81i, 86m-o, 89f, 92f (mf).
P. k. Feng, Ma & Yang, 2012a: 89, f. 1-24 (mf).

mf laos Bayer, 2012....................Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045122]
P. l. Bayer, 2012: 53, f. 25a-f, 26a-d, 85c, 88c, 91c (Dmf).

mf libelti Kulczyn'ski, 1908....................Thailand to Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045114]
P. libeltii Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 561, pl. 23, f. 31 (Df).
P. libeltii Lehtinen, 1967: 261 (S).
P. singaporensis Levi, 1982: 125, f. 48-51 (mf, misidentified).
P. singaporensis Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006: 218, f. 86a-f (mf, misidentified).
P. l. Bayer, 2012: 21, f. 5a-e, 6a-e, 82a, 84b-c, 87b, 90b (removed mf from synonymy of P. singaporensis, contra Levi, 1982: 125).

mf luangprabang Jäger, 2007....................Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041097]
P. l. Jäger, 2007: 45, f. 48-53, 68-72 (Dmf).
P. l. Bayer, 2012: 83, f. 43a-d, 44a-e, 45a-e, 81d, 83b, 85l, 88m, 91m, 93a (mf).

mf marsyandi Levi, 1982....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020370]
P. m. Levi, 1982: 120, f. 13-15 (Dmf).
P. m. Bayer, 2012: 68, f. 33a-d, 34a-i, 81h, 82r, 85h, 88i, 91i (mf).

mf mulu Levi, 1982....................Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020371]
P. m. Levi, 1982: 128, f. 58-61 (Dmf).
P. m. Bayer, 2012: 24, f. 7a-f, 8a-h, 82n, 84e, 87c, 90c (mf).

f norops Bayer, 2012....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045120]
P. n. Bayer, 2012: 44, f. 19a-c, 87j, 90j (Df).

mf obtectus Bayer, 2012....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045128]
P. tingpingensis Wang & Yin, 2001: 341, f. 31-47 (mf, misidentified).
P. o. Bayer, 2012: 105, f. 57a-d, 58a-g, 86d, 89d, 92d (Dmf).

mf pakawini Bayer, 2012....................Myanmar, Thailand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045124]
P. p. Bayer, 2012: 80, f. 41a-h, 42a-e, 85k, 88j, 91j (Dmf).

mf rani Wang & Yin, 2001....................China, Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037765]
P. r. Wang & Yin, 2001: 335, f. 13-18 (Dmf).
P. sinensis Silva, 2003: 45, f. 16a (m, misidentified).
P. r. Bayer & Jäger, 2010: 65, f. 41-43 (m).
P. r. Bayer, 2012: 50, f. 23a-d, 24a-e, 85b, 88b, 91b (mf).

m schwendingeri Bayer, 2012....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045135]
P. s. Bayer, 2012: 141, f. 78a-f, 86k (Dm).

mf senoculatus Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037766]
P. mimus Xu & Wang, 1983: 35, f. 1-7 (mf, misidentified).
P. sinensis Hu, 1984: 55, f. 50.1-4 (mf, misidentified).
P. senoculata Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985: 21, f. 2A-J (Dmf).
P. mimus Song, 1987: 68, f. 34 (mf, misidentified).
P. mimus Song, 1988: 133 (S, rejected).
P. senoculata Feng, 1990: 33, f. 8.1-5 (mf).
P. sinensis Chen & Gao, 1990: 25, f. 27a-b (mf, misidentified).
P. mimus Chen & Zhang, 1991: 40, f. 31.1-4 (mf).
P. mimus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 397, f. 232E-F, Q-R (mf).
P. senoculata Wang & Yin, 2001: 336, f. 19-23 (removed mf from S of P. sinensis).
P. s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 333, f. 241A-B (f).
P. s. Bayer, 2012: 113, f. 62a-d, 63a-g, 82q, 86e, 89g, 92g, 93b (mf).
P. s. Yin et al., 2012: 927, f. 469a-k (mf).

mf sinensis Berland & Berland, 1914....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020372]
P. s. Berland & Berland, 1914: 131, f. 1-3 (Dm).
P. s. Schenkel, 1963: 20, f. 3 (juv. f).
P. singaporensis Lehtinen, 1967: 261, f. 474 (m, S, rejected).
P. s. Levi, 1982: 123, f. 34-35 (mf, S; N.B.: not j, f. 36-37, not f from Taiwan, f. 38-39, =P. taiwanensis).
P. guiyangensis Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985: 24, f. 4A-D (Df).
P. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 397, f. 232G-H, S (mf, S).
P. s. Wang & Yin, 2001: 339, f. 24-28 (mf).
P. s. Bayer, 2012: 97, f. 52a-d, 53a-d, 86a, 89a, 92a (mf).

mf singaporensis Thorell, 1894....................Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020373]
P. s. Thorell, 1894b: 321 (Df).
P. s. Workman, 1896: 73, pl. 78 (f).
P. curvipalpis Fage, 1929a: 358, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
P. s. Lehtinen, 1967: 261 (S).
P. s. Levi, 1982: 125, f. 40-41, 44-47 (f, Sm, rejected; not f. 42-43, =possibly undescribed species, not f. 48-51, =P. libelti, not f. 52-53, =P. annulatus).
P. s. Bayer & Jäger, 2010: 61, f. 24-25 (f).
P. s. Bayer, 2012: 37, f. 15a-i, 16a-f, 81e, 84h, 87h, 90h (mf).

mf steineri Bayer & Jäger, 2010....................Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043237]
P. s. Bayer & Jäger, 2010: 59, f. 1-9, 54, 57 (Dmf).
P. s. Bayer, 2012: 62, f. 30a-g, 85f, 88f, 91f (mf).

mf taiwanensis Wang & Yin, 2001....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037767]
P. torvus Lee, 1966: 18, f. 3e-g (mf, misidentified).
P. sinensis Levi, 1982: 123, f. 38-39 (f, misidentified).
P. torvus Hu, 1984: 56, f. 51.1-3 (mf, misidentified).
P. t. Wang & Yin, 2001: 340, f. 29-30 (Df).
P. t. Bayer, 2012: 118, f. 65a-c, 89j, 92j (f).

f tauricornis Bayer, 2012....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045133]
P. torvus Levi, 1982: 120, f. 25-26 (f, misidentified)
P. t. Bayer, 2012: 135, f. 75a-g, 81j, 82g, k, 89p, 92p (Df).

mf tingpingensis Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020374]
P. t. Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1985: 23, f. 3A-d (Df).
P. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 398, f. 232I-J (f).
P. xinping Chen et al., 2002: 10, f. A-G (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037768].
P. t. Bayer, 2012: 102, f. 55a-g, 56a-f, 86c, 89c, 92c (f, Sm).
P. t. Yin et al., 2012: 930, f. 470a-g (mf).

mf torvus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869)....................Sri Lanka, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:020375]
Tegenaria torva O. P.-Cambridge, 1869b: 376, pl. 11, f. 10-12, 14-20 (Dm).
Lancaria torva Karsch, 1879d: 557.
P. alticeps Pocock, 1899d: 751 (Df).
P. t. Pocock, 1900a: 211, f. 66 (m, Df).
P. t. Lehtinen, 1967: 260 (S; not f. 476, =P. decollatus).
P. t. Levi, 1982: 120, f. 16-22 (mf; not f. 23-24, =P. hartmanni, not f. 25-26, =P. tauricornis; not f. 27-28, =P. zygon).
P. t. Bayer, 2012: 127, f. 69a-g, 70a-d, 86g, 89m, 92m (mf).

mf triangulus Yang et al., 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039242]
P. t. Yang et al., 2003: 43, f. A-F (Dmf).
P. t. Bayer, 2012: 100, f. 54a-g, 86b, 89b, 92b (mf).

m ulcus Bayer, 2012....................Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045115]
P. u. Bayer, 2012: 28, f. 10a-e, 84f (Dm).

mf vivax Bayer, 2012....................Thailand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045127]
P. v. Bayer, 2012: 94, f. 50a-e, 51a-g, 85o, 88o, 91o (Dmf).

mf zygon Bayer, 2012....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045132]
P. torvus Levi, 1982: 120, f. 27-28 (f, misidentified)
P. z. Bayer, 2012: 132, f. 73a-e, 74a-d, 86i, 89o, 92o (Df).