The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERIDIIDAE

Gen. Rhomphaea L. Koch, 1872 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03641]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Argyrodes Simon, 1864 by Agnarsson, 2004: 479, after Yoshida, 2001d: 185-187, contra Levi & Levi, 1962: 27.

In synonymy:
R. argenteola (Simon, 1873, T from Argyrodes) = R. nasica (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1987a: 204, sub Argyrodes).
R. canariensis (Schmidt, 1956, T from Argyrodes) = R. rostrata (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1987a: 26, 205, sub Argyrodes).
R. delicatula (Simon, 1883, T from Argyrodes) = R. nasica (Simon, 1873) (Benoit, 1977a: 136, sub Argyrodes).
R. feioi (Mello-Leitão, 1947, T from Argyrodes) = R. projiciens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1967b: 32, sub Argyrodes).
R. honesta (Exline & Levi, 1962, T from Argyrodes) = R. brasiliensis (Mello-Leitão, 1920) (Levi, 1967b: 32, sub Argyrodes).
R. longa (Kulczyn'ski, 1905, T from Argyrodes) = R. rostrata (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1987a: 205, sub Argyrodes).
R. martinae (Exline, 1950, T from Argyrodes) = R. projiciens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 106, sub Argyrodes).
R. petrunkevitchi (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Argyrodes) = R. paradoxa (Taczanowski, 1873) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 113, sub Argyrodes).
R. remota (Bryant, 1940, T from Argyrodes) = R. fictilium (Hentz, 1850) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 103, sub Argyrodes).
R. simoni (Petrunkevitch, 1911, T from Argyrodes) = R. procera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 109, sub Argyrodes).
R. spinicaudata (Keyserling, 1884, T from Argyrodes) = R. paradoxa (Taczanowski, 1873) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 113, sub Argyrodes).
R. spinosa (Badcock, 1932, T from Argyrodes) = R. projiciens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 106, sub Argyrodes).

f aculeata Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006965]
R. a. Thorell, 1898: 284 (Df).
R. a. Agnarsson, 2004: 479 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).

f affinis Lessert, 1936....................Mozambique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006968]
R. a. Lessert, 1936: 236, f. 31-32 (Df).
R. a. Agnarsson, 2004: 479 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).

f altissima Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006971]
R. a. Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 249 (Df).
Argyrodes altissimus Levi, 1967b: 32, f. 35-37 (f).
R. a. Agnarsson, 2004: 479 (Tf from Argyrodes).

f angulipalpis Thorell, 1877....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006980]
R. a. Thorell, 1877b: 469 (Df).
R. a. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).

m annulipedis Yoshida & Nojima, 2010....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043206]
R. a. Yoshida & Nojima, 2010: 103, f. 1-4 (Dm).

mf barycephala (Roberts, 1983)....................Aldabra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006991]
Argyrodes barycephalus Roberts, 1983: 245, f. 99-102 (Dmf).
Argyrodes barycephalus Saaristo, 2000: 44, f. 1E, 2E, 7A-C (mf).
R. barycephalus Saaristo, 2006: 56 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
R. barycephalus Saaristo, 2010: 250, f. 37.40a-b, 49 (mf).

mf brasiliensis Mello-Leitão, 1920....................Venezuela, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:006998]
Romphaea b. Mello-Leitão, 1920c: 174, unnumbered f. (Df; N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
Argyrodes honestus Exline & Levi, 1962: 110, f. 14-15, 41-43 (Dmf).
Argyrodes b. Levi, 1967b: 32 (Sm).
R. b. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).

f ceraosus (Zhu & Song, 1991)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007006]
Argyrodes ceraosus Zhu & Song, 1991: 133, f. 3A-D (Df).
Argyrodes ceraosus Zhu, 1998: 215, f. 140A-D (f).
Argyrodes ceraosus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 45E-F (f).
R. ceraosus Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).

mf cometes L. Koch, 1872 *....................New Guinea, Samoa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007015]
R. c. L. Koch, 1872a: 290, pl. 24, f. 3 (Df).
R. c. Simon, 1894a: 502, f. 490, 500.
R. c. Berland, 1929b: 45, f. 12-13 (Dm).
R. c. Chrysanthus, 1975: 44, f. 165-167 (m).
R. c. Agnarsson, 2004: 479 (Tmf from Argyrodes).

f cona (González & Carmen, 1996)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007017]
Argyrodes conus González & Carmen, 1996: 136, f. 62-64 (Df).
R. c. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).

mf fictilium (Hentz, 1850)....................Canada to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007038]
Theridion f. Hentz, 1850: 282, pl. 10, f. 4 (Dmf).
Argyrodes f. Emerton, 1882: 24, pl. 5, f. 2 (f).
Ariamnes f. Keyserling, 1884a: 170.
R. f. Simon, 1894a: 502.
Argyrodes f. Emerton, 1902: 126, f. 300-301 (f).
R. lacerta Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 45 (S, subsequently rejected).
R. remota Bryant, 1940: 308, f. 74 (Dm).
Argyrodes f. Exline & Levi, 1962: 103, f. 6-7, 26-28 (mf, S).
Argyrodes f. Paquin & Dupérré, 2001: 238, f. 1 (m).
Argyrodes f. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 214, f. 2385-2389 (mf).
R. f. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).

mf hyrcana (Logunov & Marusik, 1990)....................Georgia, Azerbaijan, China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007063]
Argyrodes h. Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 133, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
Argyrodes h. Zhu & Song, 1991: 136, f. 8A-C (m).
Argyrodes hyrcanus Zhu, 1998: 217, f. 142A-C (m).
Argyrodes hyrcanus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46L-M (m).
R. h. Yoshida, 2001d: 187, f. 6-9, 14, 17 (mf).
R. h. Yoshida, 2003a: 155, f. 418-421, 426, 429 (mf).
R. h. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes, after Yoshida, 2001d).
R. h. Yoshida, 2009b: 387, f. 300-302 (mf).
R. h. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 241, f. 35.26, 30 (mf).

f irrorata Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar, Pulu Berhala (near Sumatra) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007068]
R. i. Thorell, 1898: 285 (Df).
R. i. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).

mf labiata (Zhu & Song, 1991)....................China, Laos, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007076]
Argyrodes labiatus Zhu & Song, 1991: 137, f. 9A-G (Dmf).
Argyrodes labiatus Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 855, f. 6A-G (mf).
Argyrodes labiatus Zhu, 1998: 213, f. 139A-G (mf).
Argyrodes labiatus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46E-F, N (mf).
R. l. Yoshida, 2001d: 187, f. 10-13, 15, 18 (mf).
Argyrodes labiatus Ono & Shinkai, 2001: 195, f. 1-3 (m).
R. l. Yoshida, 2003a: 156, f. 422-425, 427, 430, 545 (mf).
R. l. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes, after Yoshida, 2001d).
R. l. Yoshida, 2009b: 387, f. 303-305 (mf).
R. l. Yin et al., 2012: 376, f. 159a-e (mf).

f lactifera Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007077]
R. l. Simon, 1909e: 81 (Df).
R. l. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).

mf longicaudata O. P.-Cambridge, 1872....................Greece, Lebanon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007083]
Ariamnes l. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 277, pl. 14, f. 11A (Dm).
Argyrodes l. Levy, 1985a: 109, f. 44-51 (m).
Argyrodes l. Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 134, f. 8 (m).
Ariamnes l. Agnarsson, 2004: 478 (Tm from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
R. l. van Helsdingen, 2009b: 11, f. 1-9 (Tm from Ariamnes, Df).

mf metaltissima Soares & Camargo, 1948....................Panama to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007092]
R. m. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 365, f. 15-18 (Dmf).
Argyrodes metaltissimus Exline & Levi, 1962: 111, f. 16-22, 35-40 (mf).
R. m. Agnarsson, 2004: 480, f. 64A-G, 65A-F (Tmf from Argyrodes).

mf nasica (Simon, 1873)....................Mediterranean, Africa, St. Helena [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007102]
Ariamnes n. Simon, 1873a: 132, pl. 2, f. 17-18, 20 (Dmf).
Ariamnes argenteolus Simon, 1873a: 134 (Df).
Ariamnes nasicus Simon, 1881a: 19, pl. 25, f. 6 (mf).
Ariamnes argenteola Simon, 1881a: 21, pl. 25, f. 7-8 (f).
Ariamnes delicatulus Simon, 1883: 272, pl. 8, f. 5 (Df).
R. n. Simon, 1894a: 496, f. 502 (m).
R. argenteola Simon, 1914a: 244, 290.
R. argenteola Berland, 1920c: 144, f. 171-175 (f).
Argyrodes n. Benoit, 1977i: 136, f. 58a-f (mf, S).
Argyrodes nasicus Wunderlich, 1987a: 204, f. 536-537.
R. n. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).

f oris (González & Carmen, 1996)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007111]
Argyrodes o. González & Carmen, 1996: 135, f. 59-61 (Df).
R. o. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).

f ornatissima Dyal, 1935....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007112]
R. o. Dyal, 1935: 167 (Df).
R. o. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).

f palmarensis (González & Carmen, 1996)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007113]
Argyrodes p. González & Carmen, 1996: 134, f. 53-55 (Df).
R. p. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).

mf paradoxa (Taczanowski, 1873)....................St. Vincent, Mexico to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007114]
Argyrodes paradoxus Taczanowski, 1873: 121, pl. 5, f. 13 (Df).
Ariamnes paradoxus Keyserling, 1884a: 168, pl. 8, f. 103 (f).
Ariamnes spinicaudatus Keyserling, 1884a: 171, pl. 8, f. 104 (Dmf).
R. p. Simon, 1897d: 860.
R. spinicauda Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 238 (Tmf from Ariamnes).
R. petrunkevitchi Mello-Leitão, 1945c: 171, f. 1 (Dm).
Argyrodes paradoxus Exline & Levi, 1962: 113, f. 23-25, 44-50 (f, Sm).
R. p. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).

f pignalitoensis (González & Carmen, 1996)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007120]
Argyrodes p. González & Carmen, 1996: 136, f. 65-67 (Df).
R. p. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).

mf procera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898)....................Costa Rica to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007125]
R. sp. Simon, 1894a: 500, f. 507 (f).
Ariamnes p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 257, pl. 38, f. 5 (Df).
R. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 407, pl. 38, f. 19 (f).
R. simoni Petrunkevitch, 1911: 186 (Df).
Argyrodes procerus Exline & Levi, 1962: 108, f. 11-13, 32-34 (f, Dm, S).
R. p. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).

mf projiciens O. P.-Cambridge, 1896....................USA to Argentina, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007127]
R. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 186, pl. 23, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
R. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 407, pl. 38, f. 17-18 (mf).
R. spinosa Badcock, 1932: 8 (D).
Ariamnes feioi Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 10, f. 46 (Df).
R. martinae Exline, 1950a: 116, f. 5, 7-8, 14-16 (Dmf)
Argyrodes p. Exline & Levi, 1962: 106, f. 8-10, 29-31 (mf, S).
Argyrodes p. Levi, 1967b: 32 (S).
Argyrodes p. Patel, 1973: 152, f. 7-10 (f).
R. p. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
R. p. Srinivasulu et al., 2013: 4486, f. 1a-c, images 3-4 (f).

mf recurvata (Saaristo, 1978)....................Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007131]
Argyrodes recurvatus Saaristo, 1978: 116, f. 157-163 (Df).
Argyrodes recurvatus Roberts, 1978: 928, f. 57-59 (f).
Argyrodes recurvatus Saaristo, 2000: 44, f. 1F, 2F, 8A-C (f, Dm).
R. recurvatus Saaristo, 2006: 56 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
R. recurvatus Saaristo, 2010: 249, f. 37.41a-b, 48 (mf).

mf rostrata (Simon, 1873)....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007136]
Ariamnes rostratus Simon, 1873a: 136, pl. 2, f. 19, 21 (Df).
Ariamnes rostratus Simon, 1881a: 20, pl. 25, f. 5 (f).
R. r. Simon, 1894a: 496, f. 501 (f).
R. longa Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 533, pl. 14, f. 1-2 (Df).
R. r. Simon, 1914a: 243, 290 (Dm).
R. r. Berland, 1926: 175, f. 1-3 (mf).
R. canariensis Schmidt, 1956e: 147, f. 6a (Dm).
Argyrodes canariensis Brignoli, 1983c: 393.
Argyrodes rostratus Wunderlich, 1987a: 205, f. 539-540 (m, S).
R. r. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).

mf sagana (Dönitz & Strand, 1906)....................Russia, Azerbaijan to Japan, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007140]
Ariamnes saganus Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 378, pl. 5, f. 46 (Df).
Argyrodes saganus Yaginuma, 1986a: 51, f. 28.6 (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Chikuni, 1989b: 35, f. 27 (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 135, f. 9-14 (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 458, f. 277a-e (m).
Argyrodes saganus Zhu, 1998: 212, f. 138A-D (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 47G-H, O (mf).
R. s. Yoshida, 2001d: 185, f. 1-5 (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Namkung, 2002: 138, f. 13.55a-b (mf).
R. s. Yoshida, 2003a: 154, f. 413-417 (mf).
R. s. Namkung, 2003: 140, f. 13.55a-b (mf).
R. s. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes, after Yoshida, 2001d).
R. saganus Kim & Kim, 2007: 225, f. 5A-I, 6E-F (mf).
R. s. Yoshida, 2009b: 387, f. 298-299 (mf).

mf sinica (Zhu & Song, 1991)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007151]
Argyrodes sinicus Zhu & Song, 1991: 142, f. 15A-F (Dmf).
Argyrodes sinicus Zhu, 1998: 216, f. 141A-F (mf).
Argyrodes sinicus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 47I-J, P (mf).
R. s. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Argyrodes sinicus Yin et al., 2012: 285, f. 102A-C (m).

f sjostedti Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007152]
R. sjöstedti Tullgren, 1910: 123, pl. 2, f. 38 (Df).
R. s. Berland, 1920c: 146, f. 176-177 (f).
R. s. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).

mf tanikawai Yoshida, 2001....................China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037394]
R. t. Yoshida, 2001d: 187, f. 16, 19-24 (Dmf).
R. t. Yoshida, 2003a: 159, f. 428, 431-436 (mf).
R. t. Yoshida, 2009b: 387, f. 306-308 (mf).

mf urquharti (Bryant, 1933)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007174]
Ariamnes attenuatus Urquhart, 1887: 98 (Dmf, preoccupied).
R. u. Bryant, 1933b: 12, pl. 1, f. 5 (replacement name).
R. u. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).

f velhaensis (González & Carmen, 1996)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:007177]
Argyrodes v. González & Carmen, 1996: 135, f. 56-58 (Df).
R. v. Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).