The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: GNAPHOSIDAE

Gen. Sergiolus Simon, 1891 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02475]

N.B.: considered a junior synonym of Poecilochroa Westring, 1874 by Ubick & Roth, 1973: 5, but not by Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 7; Asian species misplaced.

Transferred to other genera:
S. amphilogus Chamberlin, 1936 -- see Gertschosa.
S. elegans Simon, 1891 -- see Cesonia.
S. lesserti Schenkel, 1950 -- see Herpyllus.

In synonymy:
S. abjecta Chamberlin, 1936 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. montanus (Emerton, 1890) (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 28).
S. atomisticus Chamberlin, 1924 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. angustus (Banks, 1904) (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 37).
S. bebius Chamberlin, 1936 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. angustus (Banks, 1904) (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 38).
S. bellior Chamberlin, 1936 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. bicolor Banks, 1900 (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 26).
S. clarus Chamberlin, 1936 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. angustus (Banks, 1904) (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 38).
S. clericus Chamberlin, 1922 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. cyaneiventris Simon, 1893 (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 24, contra Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7).
S. decipiens Chamberlin, 1922 = S. ocellatus (Walckenaer, 1837) (Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7, sub Poecilochroa).
S. famulus Chamberlin, 1922 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. minutus (Banks, 1898) (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 21).
S. fruitanus Chamberlin, 1928 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. angustus (Banks, 1904) (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 38).
S. meretrix Chamberlin, 1922 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. minutus (Banks, 1898) (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 21).
S. montanoides (Schenkel, 1950, T from Poecilochroa) = S. montanus (Emerton, 1890) (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 28).
S. pananus (Chamberlin, 1936, T from Poecilochroa) = S. angustus (Banks, 1904) (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 38).
S. segregatus Chamberlin, 1936 = S. lowelli Chamberlin & Woodbury, 1929 (Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7, sub Poecilochroa).
S. tribolus Chamberlin, 1922 (T from Poecilochroa) = S. cyaneiventris Simon, 1893 (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 24).
S. variegatus (Hentz, 1847) = S. capulatus (Walckenaer, 1837) (Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6, sub Poecilochroa).

Nomen dubium:
S. australianus Simon, 1908d: 398 (j, Western Australia) -- Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 7.

mf angustus (Banks, 1904)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027911]
Herpyllus a. Banks, 1904b: 337, pl. 40, f. 43 (Dm).
S. atomisticus Chamberlin, 1924b: 610, f. 46 (Df).
S. fruitanus Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1928: 177 (Dm).
S. bebius Chamberlin, 1936a: 9, f. 13 (Df).
S. clarus Chamberlin, 1936a: 9, f. 20-21 (Dm).
Zelotes pananus Chamberlin, 1936b: 10, f. 44 (Df).
Poecilochroa angusta Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tm from Herpyllus).
Poecilochroa bebia Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tf from Sergiolus).
Poecilochroa clarus Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tm from Sergiolus).
Poecilochroa fruitana Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tm from Sergiolus).
Poecilochroa panana Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7 (Tf from Zelotes).
Poecilochroa atomistica Ubick & Roth, 1973c: 2 (Tf from Sergiolus).
S. a. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 37, f. 99-103 (Tm from Poecilochroa, Sf).
S. a. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 241, f. 364-368 (mf).

mf bicolor Banks, 1900....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027912]
S. b. Banks, 1900a: 96 (Df).
S. bellior Chamberlin, 1936b: 4, f. 17 (Df).
Poecilochroa bellior Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tf from Sergiolus).
Poecilochroa b. Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tf from Sergiolus).
S. b. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 26, f. 3-4, 66-71 (Tf from Poecilochroa, Dm, S).
S. b. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 251, f. 393-398 (mf).

mf capulatus (Walckenaer, 1837) *....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027913]
Drassus c. Walckenaer, 1837: 621 (Df).
Herpyllus variegatus Hentz, 1847: 458, pl. 24, f. 12 (Df).
Poecilochroa variegata Emerton, 1890: 174, pl. 4, f. 1 (f, Dm).
S. variegatus Simon, 1891c: 573.
S. variegatus Simon, 1893a: 374, f. 329.
Poecilochroa variegata Emerton, 1902: 4, f. 9-11 (f).
Poecilochroa variegata Emerton, 1909: pl. 9, f. 5 (m).
S. c. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 174.
S. variegatus Kaston, 1945a: 3, f. 9, 14-16 (mf).
S. variegatus Kaston, 1948: 362, f. 1252-1256 (mf).
Poecilochroa capulata Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tmf from S in Sergiolus, S).
S. c. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 10, f. 1-2, 12-17 (Tmf from Poecilochroa).
S. c. Heiss & Allen, 1986: 19, f. 32-34 (mf).
S. c. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 243, f. 369-374 (mf).
S. c. Murphy, 2007: 46, f. 294-295 (mf).
S. c. Zakharov & Ovtcharenko, 2013: 16, f. 1a-b (m).

mf columbianus (Emerton, 1917)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027914]
Poecilochroa columbiana Emerton, 1917: 269, f. 21 (Dmf).
Poecilochroa columbiana Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (removed mf from S of S. montanus).
S. c. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 31, f. 77-82 (Tmf from Poecilochroa).
S. c. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 239, f. 358-363 (mf).

mf cyaneiventris Simon, 1893....................USA, Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027915]
S. c. Simon, 1893d: 311 (Df).
S. c. Banks, 1904c: 122, pl. 7, f. 3-4, pl. 8, f. 14 (Dm).
S. c. Banks, 1913: 181, pl. 11, f. 8 (f).
S. clericus Chamberlin, 1922: 153 (Df).
S. tribolus Chamberlin, 1922: 153 (Dm).
S. tribolus Bryant, 1935a: 73, pl. 5, f. 6 (Df).
S. tribolus Chamberlin, 1936a: 10, f. 15 (m).
Poecilochroa c. Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tmf from Sergiolus).
Poecilochroa tribolus Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7 (Tmf from Sergiolus).
S. c. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 24, f. 60-65 (Tf from Poecilochroa, Sm).

mf decoratus Kaston, 1945....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027916]
S. d. Kaston, 1945a: 2, f. 8, 17-19 (Dmf).
S. d. Kaston, 1948: 363, f. 1264-1265, 2121-2122 (mf).
Poecilochroa decorata Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tmf from Sergiolus).
S. d. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 19, f. 42-47 (Tm from Poecilochroa, Df).
S. d. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 247, f. 13, 381-386 (mf).
S. d. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 80, f. 706-709 (mf).

mf gertschi Platnick & Shadab, 1981....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027917]
S. g. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 17, f. 36-41 (Dmf).

mf guadalupensis Platnick & Shadab, 1981....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027918]
S. g. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 40, f. 104-108 (Dmf).

mf hosiziro (Yaginuma, 1960)....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027919]
Poecilochroa h. Yaginuma, 1960: append. 7, pl. 56, f. 331, f. 100.4 (Df).
Poecilochroa h. Yaginuma, 1971: 121, f. 100.4 (f).
Poecilochroa h. Hu, 1984: 281, f. 295 (f).
Poecilochroa h. Kamura, 1986: 10, f. 1-9 (f, Dm).
Poecilochroa h. Yaginuma, 1986a: 191, f. 106.2 (mf).
Poecilochroa h. Zhang, 1987: 184, f. 156.1-2 (f).
Poecilochroa h. Chikuni, 1989b: 118, f. 4 (mf).
Poecilochroa h. Paik, 1991h: 68, f. 1-9 (m).
S. h. Kamura, 1998: 169 (Tmf from Poecilochroa).
Poecilochroa h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 355, f. 231A-E (mf).
S. h. Namkung, 2002: 481, f. 37.22a-b (mf).
S. h. Kim & Cho, 2002: 76, f. 49-54 (m).
S. h. Namkung, 2003: 484, f. 37.22a-b (mf).
S. h. Song, Zhu & Zhang, 2004: 217, f. 128A-D (mf).
S. h. Jung et al., 2005: 193, f. 35, 73, 133 (mf).
S. h. Kamura, 2009: 497, f. 186-189 (mf).

mf iviei Platnick & Shadab, 1981....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027920]
S. i. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 34, f. 94-98 (Dmf).
S. i. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 237, f. 353-357 (mf).

mf kastoni Platnick & Shadab, 1981....................USA, Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027921]
S. k. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 13, f. 24-29 (Dmf).

f khodiarae Patel, 1988....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027922]
S. k. Patel, 1988d: 44, f. 1a-d (Df).

f lamhetaghatensis Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037348]
S. l. Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999l: 99, f. 1-5 (Df).
S. l. Gajbe, 2004a: 87, f. 94-98 (f).

mf lowelli Chamberlin & Woodbury, 1929....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027923]
S. l. Chamberlin & Woodbury, 1929: 133, pl. 1, f. 7-8 (Dm).
S. segregatus Chamberlin, 1936b: 5, f. 11-12 (Dmf).
Poecilochroa l. Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7 (Tm from Sergiolus, Sf).
S. l. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 15, f. 30-35 (Tmf from Poecilochroa).

m magnus (Bryant, 1948)....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027924]
Caridrassus m. Bryant, 1948b: 406, pl. 10, f. 90 (Dm).
S. m. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 15, f. 10-11 (Tm from Caridrassus=Eilica).

f mainlingensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038080]
S. m. Hu, 2001: 273, f. 156.1-3 (Df; N.B.: misplaced, per Song, Zhu & Zhang, 2004: 305).

f meghalayensis Tikader & Gajbe, 1976....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027925]
S. m. Tikader & Gajbe, 1976c: 186, f. 6-9 (Df).
S. m. Tikader, 1982b: 449, f. 349-353 (f).

mf minutus (Banks, 1898)....................USA, Cuba, Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027926]
Poecilochroa minuta Banks, 1898a: 186 (Dm).
Poecilochroa montana Emerton, 1909: 217, pl. 9, f. 4 (m, misidentified).
S. famulus Chamberlin, 1922: 152 (Df).
S. meretrix Chamberlin, 1922: 153 (Dm).
S. m. Chamberlin, 1922: 153.
Poecilochroa minuta Bryant, 1940: 396, pl. 13, f. 171 (m).
S. meretrix Bryant, 1945b: 185, pl. 15, f. 3 (m, Df).
S. famulus Kaston, 1945a: 4, f. 12, 20-21 (mf).
S. meretrix Kaston, 1945a: 4, f. 13, 22-24 (mf).
S. meretrix Bryant, 1945b: 185, f. 3 (f).
S. famulus Kaston, 1948: 363, f. 1257-1259 (mf).
Poecilochroa famula Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 6 (Tmf from Sergiolus).
Poecilochroa meretrix Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7 (Tmf from Sergiolus).
S. m. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 20, f. 48-53 (Tm from Poecilochroa, Sf).
S. m. Heiss & Allen, 1986: 21, f. 35-37 (mf).

mf montanus (Emerton, 1890)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027927]
Poecilochroa montana Emerton, 1890: 175, pl. 4, f. 2 (Df).
Poecilochroa pacifica Banks, 1896b: 89 (Df).
Poecilochroa pacifica Banks, 1904b: 334, pl. 39, f. 14 (f).
S. m. Bryant, 1908: 8.
Poecilochroa montana Emerton, 1909: 217, pl. 9, f. 4 (Dm).
Poecilochroa abjecta Chamberlin, 1936a: 7, f. 11-12 (Dm).
Poecilochroa montanoides Schenkel, 1950b: 41, f. 8 (Df).
Poecilochroa montana Levi & Field, 1954: 458, f. 72-73, 78 (mf).
S. m. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 28, f. 72-76 (Tmf from Poecilochroa).
S. m. Heiss & Allen, 1986: 22, f. 38-40 (mf).
S. m. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 233, f. 342-346 (mf).
S. m. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 81, f. 710-713 (mf).

mf ocellatus (Walckenaer, 1837)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027928]
Drassus o. Walckenaer, 1837: 621 (Df).
S. decipiens Chamberlin, 1922: 151 (Dm).
S. decipiens Chamberlin, 1936b: 10, f. 14.
Poecilochroa decipiens Bryant, 1935a: 75, pl. 5, f. 4-5 (Df).
S. o. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 175.
S. decipiens Kaston, 1945a: 3, f. 10 (f).
Poecilochroa ocellata Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7 (Tmf from Sergiolus, S).
S. o. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 11, f. 18-23 (Tmf from Poecilochroa).
S. o. Heiss & Allen, 1986: 24, f. 41-43 (mf).
S. o. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 245, f. 375-380 (mf).
S. o. Breene et al., 1993: 89, f. 111A-C (mf).
S. o. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 81, f. 714-717 (mf).

mf poonaensis Tikader & Gajbe, 1976....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027929]
S. p. Tikader & Gajbe, 1976c: 186, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
S. p. Tikader, 1982b: 447, f. 343-348 (mf).
S. p. Gajbe, 2007: 475, f. 151-156 (mf).

f singhi Tikader & Gajbe, 1976....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027930]
S. s. Tikader & Gajbe, 1976c: 189, f. 10-13 (Df).
S. s. Tikader, 1982b: 445, f. 338-342 (f).
S. singhii Brignoli, 1983c: 577 (lapsus).
S. s. Gajbe, 2007: 474, f. 146-150 (f).

mf songi Xu, 1991....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027931]
S. s. Xu, 1991a: 1, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
S. s. Xu, 1991b: 40, f. 28-32 (mf).
S. s. Song, Zhu & Zhang, 2004: 218, f. 129A-D (mf).

mf stella Chamberlin, 1922....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027932]
S. s. Chamberlin, 1922: 152 (Df).
Poecilochroa s. Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7 (Tf from Sergiolus).
S. s. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 32, f. 83-87 (Tf from Poecilochroa, Dm).

mf tennesseensis Chamberlin, 1922....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027933]
S. t. Chamberlin, 1922: 152 (Df).
Poecilochroa t. Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7 (Tf from Sergiolus).
S. t. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 34, f. 88-93 (Tf from Poecilochroa, Dm).
S. t. Heiss & Allen, 1986: 25, f. 44-46 (mf).
S. t. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 235, f. 347-352 (mf).

mf unimaculatus Emerton, 1915....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:027934]
S. u. Emerton, 1915a: 142, pl. 1, f. 9 (Dmf).
S. u. Kaston, 1945a: 3, f. 11, 25-26 (mf).
S. u. Kaston, 1948: 363, f. 1260-1262 (mf).
Poecilochroa u. Barnes, 1953: 15.
Poecilochroa unimaculata Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7 (Tmf from Sergiolus, S, rejected).
S. u. Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 23, f. 54-59 (Tm from Poecilochroa, Df).
S. u. Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 249, f. 387-392 (mf).