The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERIDIIDAE

Gen. Steatoda Sundevall, 1833 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00720]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Asagena Sundevall, 1833 (synonymy not accepted by Wunderlich, 2008b: 198), Lithyphantes Thorell, 1869 and Teutana Simon, 1881 by Levi, 1957b: 375 and of Stethopoma Thorell, 1890, Ancocoelus Simon, 1894, Steassa Simon, 1910, Argyroelus Hogg, 1922 and Asagenella Schenkel, 1937 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 16-28; not a senior synonym of Moero O. P.-Cambridge, 1904 (Griswold, 1987b: 505).

Transferred to other genera:
S. abrupta (Karsch, 1879) -- see Enoplognatha.
S. albimaculosa (Saito, 1934) -- see Enoplognatha.
S. americana (Emerton, 1882) -- see Asagena.
S. brignolii Knoflach, 1996 -- see Asagena.
S. cyanea (Worley, 1928) -- see Singa under Araneidae.
S. dubia (Dönitz & Strand, 1906) -- see Araneus under Araneidae.
S. fulva (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Asagena.
S. fusca Emerton, 1894 -- see Robertus.
S. italica Knoflach, 1996 -- see Asagena.
S. medialis (Banks, 1898) -- see Asagena.
S. meridionalis (Kulczyn'ski, 1894) -- see Asagena.
S. nesiotes (Chamberlin, 1924) -- see Asagena.
S. octomaculata Paik, 1995 -- see Euryopis.
S. oophora (Petrunkevitch, 1930) -- see Coleosoma.
S. parvula (Banks, 1898) -- see Asagena.
S. parvula Saito, 1933 -- see Clubiona under Clubionidae.
S. phalerata (Panzer, 1801) -- see Asagena.
S. phalerata corsica (Simon, 1873) -- see Asagena.
S. phalerata seraiensis (Nosek, 1905) -- see Asagena.
S. pollocki (Denis, 1956) -- see Singa under Araneidae.
S. pulchra (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Asagena.
S. rubra Keyserling, 1886 -- see Theridion.
S. septemguttata (Simon, 1873) -- see Singa under Araneidae.
S. transversifoveata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Enoplognatha.
S. venusta (Marx, in Banks, 1898) -- see Asagena.
S. viridula (Roewer, 1942) -- see Kochiura.

In synonymy:
S. albilunata (Saito, 1939) = S. cavernicola (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yaginuma, Yamaguchi & Nishikawa, 1976: 825).
S. albiornata Mello-Leitão, 1940 = S. sabulosa (Tullgren, 1901) (Levi, 1962a: 30).
S. alticeps (Keyserling, 1886) = S. ancorata (Holmberg, 1876) (Levi, 1957b: 377, sub S. nigrofemorata).
S. argentea (Caporiacco, 1933) = S. ephippiata (Thorell, 1875) (Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 22).
S. brasiliana Keyserling, 1884 = S. bipunctata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1962a: 20).
S. cancellata (Mello-Leitão, 1944) = S. iheringi (Keyserling, 1886) (Levi, 1962a: 31).
S. castanea (Olivier, 1789) = S. castanea (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
S. cavaleriei (Schenkel, 1963) = S. cingulata (Thorell, 1890) (Zhu, 1998: 329).
S. cavernicola (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) = S. cingulata (Thorell, 1890) (Zhu, 1998: 329).
S. cingulata (Chrysanthus, 1975) = S. subannulata (Kulczyn'ski, 1911) (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107).
S. clara (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898) = S. autumnalis (Banks, 1898) (Levi, 1957b: 382).
S. flavomaculata (Lucas, 1846, T from Theridion) = S. triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802) (Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 84).
S. fuerteventurae Schmidt, 1976 = S. latifasciata (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 419).
S. gerhardti (Wiehle, 1934) = S. maura (Simon, 1909) (Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 21).
S. hermosa (Banks, 1909) = S. quadrimaculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1957b: 385).
S. huangyuanensis Zhu & Li, 1983 = S. castanea (Clerck, 1757) (Zhu, 1998: 333).
S. lugubris (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) = S. autumnalis (Banks, 1898) (Levi, 1957b: 382).
S. lugubris (Schenkel, 1963) = S. triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802) (Zhu, 1998: 335).
S. marcuzzii (Caporiacco, 1955) = S. quadrimaculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1957b: 385).
S. melanomela (Mello-Leitão, 1944) = S. ancorata (Holmberg, 1876) (Levi, 1962a: 34).
S. merula Fox, 1940 = S. grandis Banks, 1901 (Levi, 1957b: 415).
S. modesta (Bryant, 1948) = S. grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1957b: 405).
S. nigrofemorata (Keyserling, 1884) = S. ancorata (Holmberg, 1876) (Levi, 1962a: 34).
S. ochracea (Simon, 1908) = S. ephippiata (Thorell, 1875) (Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 22).
S. patagonica (Tullgren, 1901) = S. ancorata (Holmberg, 1876) (Levi, 1962a: 34).
S. punctilineata Mello-Leitão, 1939 = S. grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1962a: 26).
S. regia (Marples, 1956) = S. lepida (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879) (Hann, 1994: 230).
S. saylori (Fox, 1940, T from Theridion) = S. triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802) (Levi, 1957a: 21, sub Teutana).
S. septemmaculata (Keyserling, 1884) = S. erigoniformis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) (Levi, 1962a: 25).
S. serica (Urquhart, 1886, removed from S of Parasteatoda tepidariorum) = S. grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Hann, 1994: 236).
S. signata O. P.-Cambridge, 1876 = S. erigoniformis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) (Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 26).
S. tricolor (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944) = S. quadrimaculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1957b: 385).
S. zionis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935 = S. grandis Banks, 1901 (Levi, 1957b: 415).
S. zonata (Keyserling, 1884) = S. grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1957b: 405).

Homonyms replaced:
S. albovittata (Lawrence, 1947) -- see S. lawrencei.
S. americana (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see S. mexicana.
S. distincta Thorell, 1877 -- see S. variata.
S. lepida (O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see S. capensis.

Nomina dubia:
S. bimaculata (Menge, 1869: 264, originally in Eucharia) -- Prószyn'ski & Starega, 1971: 197.
S. brasiliana (Simon, 1864: 163, f. 163, f, Brazil, originally in Asagena) -- Bonnet, 1955: 753.
S. corollata (Linnaeus, 1758: 621, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1396; Bonnet, 1957: 2551.
S. dhruvai Patel, Pillai & Sebastian, 1987: 166 (mf, India; no diagnosis provided).
S. dubia (Hentz, 1847: 461, pl. 24, f. 24, f, USA, originally in Herpyllus) -- Levi, 1957b: 400.
S. grossa obliterata (Franganillo, 1918a: 64, originally in Teutana, f, Spain) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008056] -- Wunderlich, 2012a: 66.
S. japonica (Dönitz & Strand, 1906, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 380, pl. 5, f. 44, originally in Asagena, f, Japan) -- Yoshida, 2001b: 41.
S. minor (Dönitz & Strand, 1906, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 380, pl. 3, f. 10, originally Lithyphantes minus, f, Japan) -- Yoshida, 2001b: 41.
S. nubilosa Urquhart, 1893a: 168 (f, New Zealand) -- Hann, 1994: 225 (but see Bryant, 1933b: 13, pl. 3, f. 22, pl. 4, f. 40).

f adumbrata (Simon, 1908)....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008014]
Teutana a. Simon, 1908d: 413 (Df).

mf aethiopica (Simon, 1909)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008015]
Lithyphantes aethiopicus Simon, 1909c: 37 (Dmf).

mf alamosa Gertsch, 1960....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008016]
S. pulcher Levi, 1957b: 393, f. 40 (m, misidentified).
S. a. Gertsch, 1960b: 41, f. 53, 59-60, 68-69 (Dmf).

mf alboclathrata (Simon, 1897)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008018]
Lithyphantes alboclathratus Simon, 1897i: 292 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes alboclathratus Reimoser, 1934b: 477 (mf).

mf albomaculata (De Geer, 1778)....................Cosmopolitan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008019]
Aranea albo-maculata De Geer, 1778: 257, pl. 15, f. 2-4 (D).
Aranea maculata Olivier, 1789: 209 (D).
Aranea albolunulata Panzer, 1804b: 206, pl. 255, f. 6.
Theridion maculatum Walckenaer, 1805: 74 (D).
Theridion dispar Sundevall, 1831: 13, 1832: 120 (Dm).
Theridion albomaculatum Hahn, 1833a: 79, f. 59 (Df).
Theridion anchorum Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 29, f. c (Df).
Eucharia corollata C. L. Koch, 1837b: 8 (D).
Phrurolithus corollatus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 100, f. 504-505 (Dmf).
Asagena corollata C. L. Koch, 1840b: 401.
Theridion maculatum Walckenaer, 1841: 293 (Dmf).
Theridion albocinctum Lucas, 1846: 262, pl. 16, f. 4 (Df; N.B.: considered a separate, valid species by some authors, see Bosmans & Van Keer, 2012b: 151).
S. corollata Thorell, 1856: 85.
Theridion albomaculatum Westring, 1861: 186 (Dmf).
Eucharia a. Menge, 1869: 264, pl. 49, f. 155 (m).
Lithyphantes corollatus Thorell, 1869: 94.
Lithyphantes corollatus Hansen, 1882: 36, pl. 2, f. 12 (mf).
Lithyphantes corollatus Keyserling, 1884a: 129, pl. 6, f. 81 (mf).
Lithyphantes corollatus Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 41, pl. 2, f. 6 (mf).
Lithyphantes corollatus Becker, 1896: 117, pl. 25, f. 1 (mf).
Lithyphantes corollatus Bösenberg, 1902: 118, pl. 10, f. 149 (mf).
S. corollata Emerton, 1902: 121, f. 285 (f).
Lithyphantes corollatus Fedotov, 1912a: 65, f. 6 (f).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Wiehle, 1934: 72, f. 1, 4 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Wiehle, 1937: 200, f. 222-227 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Kaston, 1948: 78, f. 47-50 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 55, f. 37A-C (mf).
S. a. Levi, 1957b: 396, f. 56-65 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Azheganova, 1968: 51, f. 86, 98 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Miller, 1971: 186, pl. XXXII, f. 1-3 (mf).
S. a. Palmgren, 1974b: 38, f. 10.5-8, 17 (mf).
S. a. Yamakawa & Kumada, 1979: 5, f. 3-6 (mf).
S. a. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 15, f. 1-9 (mf).
S. a. Hu, 1984: 164, f. 170.1-3 (f).
S. a. Roberts, 1985: 178, f. 79d (mf).
S. a. Zhu et al., 1985: 101, f. 87a-d (m).
S. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.6 (m).
S. a. Zhang, 1987: 109, f. 89.1-4 (m).
S. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 40, f. 47 (mf).
S. a. Hu & Wu, 1989: 128, f. 101.1-5 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Izmailova, 1989: 88, f. 67 (f).
S. a. Tang & Song, 1990: 48, f. 1A-B (f).
S. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 298, f. 799 (mf).
S. a. Roberts, 1995: 274, f. (mf).
S. a. Paik, 1995a: 5, f. 1-7 (f).
S. a. Knoflach, 1996a: 142, f. 6-8, 12-21 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Mcheidze, 1997: 184, f. 367-369 (mf).
S. a. Zhu, 1998: 341, f. 228A-E (mf).
S. a. Levy, 1998b: 50, f. 87-95 (mf).
S. a. Roberts, 1998: 289, f. (mf).
S. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 67A-B, I-J (mf).
S. a. Hu, 2001: 571, f. 385.1-3 (mf).
S. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 104, f. 50A-E (mf).
S. a. Yoshida, 2001b: 43, f. 43-45 (mf).
S. a. Namkung, 2002: 130, f. 13.48a-b (mf).
S. a. Yoshida, 2003a: 42, f. 75-77 (mf).
S. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 220, f. 2459-2461 (mf).
S. a. Namkung, 2003: 132, f. 13.48a-b (mf).
S. a. Knoflach & Pfaller, 2004: 137, f. 20d, 23a (mf).
S. a. Almquist, 2005: 89, f. 112a-h (mf).
S. a. Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 346, f. 20-21 (m).
S. a. Wunderlich, 2008b: 204, f. 55-58 (m).
S. a. Yoshida, 2009b: 363, f. 57-58 (mf).
S. a. Le Peru, 2011: 463, f. 776, 791 (mf).
S. a. Kaya & Ugurtas, 2011: 149, f. 12-13 (mf).

mf albomaculata infuscata (Schenkel, 1925)....................Switzerland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008020]
Lithyphantes albomaculatus infuscatus Schenkel, 1925d: 288, f. 5 (Df).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus infuscatus Schenkel, 1926: 306, f. 1 (Dm).

f amurica (Strand, 1907)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008022]
Asagena a. Strand, 1907k: 132 (Df).

m ancora (Grube, 1861)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008023]
Theridium a. Grube, 1861: 165 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied by Epeira ancora Krynicki, 1837 if that name is a S of S. bipunctata and these two species are congeneric).
S. a. Reimoser, 1919: 189.

mf ancorata (Holmberg, 1876)....................Mexico to Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008024]
Theridium anchoratum Holmberg, 1876: 13, f. 16 (Df).
Lithyphantes vittatus Keyserling, 1884a: 134, pl. 6, f. 83 (Df).
Lithyphantes nigrofemoratus Keyserling, 1884a: 139, pl. 6, f. 87 (Df).
Asagena alticeps Keyserling, 1886b: 4, pl. 11, f. 136 (Dm).
Lithyphantes laetus O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 181, pl. 22, f. 12 (Dm).
Lithyphantes vittatus Simon, 1897e: 5 (Dm).
Asagena patagonica Tullgren, 1901b: 194, pl. 15, f. 4 (Df).
Lithyphantes nigrofemoratus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 376, pl. 35, f. 14 (f).
Asagena alticeps F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 377, pl. 35, f. 16 (m).
Lithyphantes anchoratus Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 141, f. 36 (m).
Asagena melanomela Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 325, f. 5 (Dm).
Asagena alticeps Caporiacco, 1955: 329, f. 22 (Df).
S. nigrofemorata Levi, 1957b: 377, f. 11-13 (f, Sm).
S. a. Levi, 1962a: 34, f. 40-47 (mf, S).
S. a. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 98 (m).

mf andina (Keyserling, 1884)....................Venezuela to Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008025]
Lithyphantes andinus Keyserling, 1884a: 132, pl. 6, f. 82 (Dmf).
S. a. Levi, 1962a: 26, f. 16-19 (mf).

mf apacheana Gertsch, 1960....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008026]
S. pulcher Levi, 1957b: 393, f. 39, 50 (mf, misidentified).
S. a. Gertsch, 1960b: 43, f. 54, 61, 63, 66-67 (Dmf).

mf atascadera Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008027]
S. a. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 39, f. 83-84 (Dmf).
S. a. Levi, 1957b: 419, f. 106-109, 134-141 (mf).

mf atrocyanea (Simon, 1880)....................New Caledonia, Loyalty Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008028]
Lithyphantes atro-cyaneus Simon, 1880i: 171 (Dj).
Lithyphantes atrocyaneus Berland, 1924a: 203 (Dmf).

f autumnalis (Banks, 1898)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008029]
Lithyphantes a. Banks, 1898b: 240, pl. 14, f. 6 (Df).
Lithyphantes clarus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 252, pl. 38, f. 6 (Df).
Lithyphantes lugubris F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 376, pl. 35, f. 15 (Df).
S. a. Levi, 1957b: 382, f. 21-22 (f, S).

f badia (Roewer, 1961)....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008030]
Teutana b. Roewer, 1961b: 45, f. 9a-c (Df).
S. b. Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

mf bertkaui (Thorell, 1881)....................Moluccas, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008031]
Theridion b. Thorell, 1881: 175 (Df).
Lithyphantes b. Chrysanthus, 1963: 737, f. 49-52 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

mf bipunctata (Linnaeus, 1758) *....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008032]
Aranea b. Linnaeus, 1758: 620 (D).
Aranea quadripunctata Fabricius 1775: 434 (D).
Aranea punctata De Geer, 1778: 255, pl. 15, f. 1 (D).
Aranea M. album Panzer, 1804b: 149, pl. 161, f. 6 (D).
Theridion 4-punctatum Walckenaer, 1805: 73, pl. 7, f. 69-70 (f).
Theridion 4-punctatum Hahn, 1826: 2, pl. 15, f. A (f).
Theridion quadripunctatum Sundevall, 1831: 11, 1832: 118 (Dm).
Theridion quadripunctatum Hahn, 1833a: 78, f. 58 (f, Dm).
S. quadripunctatum Sundevall, 1833b: 16-17.
Epeira ancora Krynicki, 1837: 81 (Df).
Phrurolithus ornatus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 114, f. 515 (Df).
Theridion quadrimaculatum Walckenaer, 1841: 290 (Dmf).
Eucharia b. C. L. Koch, 1845: 99, f. 1027 (Df).
Eucharia quadripunctata Menge, 1850: 70.
Theridium b. Westring, 1861: 184 (Dm).
Theridium quadripunctatum Blackwall, 1864a: 177, pl. 13, f. 112 (mf).
Theridium cruciatum Giebel, 1869c: 303 (Df).
Eucharia b. Menge, 1869: 260, pl. 49, f. 153 (mf).
S. b. Thorell, 1870a: 91.
S. b. Hansen, 1882: 35, pl. 2, f. 11 (mf).
S. brasiliana Keyserling, 1884a: 115, pl. 5, f. 75 (Dm).
S. b. Keyserling, 1884a: 116, pl. 6, f. 76 (mf).
S. brasiliana Keyserling, 1886b: 238, pl. 20, f. 293 (Df).
S. b. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 37, pl. 1, f. 42 (mf).
S. b. Becker, 1896: 111, pl. 24, f. 3 (mf).
Stearodea b. Strand, 1902: 6.
S. b. Bösenberg, 1902: 113, pl. 10, f. 142 (mf).
S. b. Reimoser, 1929c: 62, f. 5 (mf).
S. b. Wiehle, 1937: 193, f. 200-204 (mf).
S. b. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 56, f. 38A-C (mf).
S. b. Chrysanthus, 1955c: 56, f. 1E-H (m).
S. b. Levi, 1957b: 413, f. 86-89, 155-156 (mf).
S. b. Braendegaard, 1958: 27, f. 17 (f).
S. b. Levi, 1962a: 20 (S).
S. b. Azheganova, 1968: 52, f. 87, 99 (mf).
S. b. Miller, 1971: 186, pl. XXXII, f. 8 (m).
S. b. Palmgren, 1974b: 37, f. 2.1-3, 10.1-4, 16 (mf).
S. b. Heimer, 1982: 39, f. 5 (m).
S. b. Roberts, 1985: 178, pl. B (mf).
S. b. Izmailova, 1989: 89, f. 69 (f).
S. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 298, f. 800 (mf).
S. b. Roberts, 1995: 274, f. (mf).
S. b. Mcheidze, 1997: 182, f. 359-361 (mf).
S. b. Zhu, 1998: 328, f. 219A-D (mf).
S. b. Roberts, 1998: 289, f. (mf).
S. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 67E-F, M (mf).
S. b. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 220, f. 2465-2467 (mf).
S. b. Knoflach & Pfaller, 2004: 136, f. 19g, 23c, e, 24i (mf).
S. b. Knoflach, 2004: 241, f. 86a-b (f).
S. b. Agnarsson, 2004: 586, f. 71A-G, 72A-H (m).
S. b. Almquist, 2005: 91, f. 113a-g (mf).
S. b. Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 349, f. 33-38 (m).
S. b. Wunderlich, 2008b: 205, f. 51-54 (m).
S. b. Le Peru, 2011: 464, f. 777 (mf).
S. b. Kaya & Ugurtas, 2011: 149, f. 14-15 (mf).

mf borealis (Hentz, 1850)....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008033]
Theridion boreale Hentz, 1850: 274, pl. 9, f. 4 (Df).
S. b. Emerton, 1882: 19, pl. 4, f. 1 (f, Dm).
S. b. Keyserling, 1884a: 119, pl. 6, f. 77 (mf).
S. b. Emerton, 1902: 119, f. 276-279 (mf).
Theredion boreale Dionne, 1910: 40 (lapsus).
S. b. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933a: 9, pl. 1, f. 7 (f).
S. b. Muma, 1943: 64, pl. XII, f. 20 (m).
S. b. Kaston, 1948: 85, f. 51-56 (mf).
S. b. Levi, 1957b: 422, f. 116-118, 148-154 (mf).
S. b. Shear, 1967: 5, f. 1-3 (m).
S. b. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 221, f. 2468-2470 (mf).
Asagena b. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 852, f. 139D (m).

f bradyi (Strand, 1907)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008034]
Lithyphantes b. Strand, 1907a: 530 (Df).
Lithyphantes b. Strand, 1907n: 592 (Df).

mf capensis Hann, 1990....................St. Helena, South Africa, New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008036]
Teutana lepida O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 154, pl. 11, f. 2 (Dmf; preoccupied in S.).
S. lepida Benoit, 1977i: 139, f. 59a-c (f).
S. c. Hann, 1990: 283 (replacement name).
S. c. Hann, 1994: 226, f. 1-6 (mf).
S. c. Paquin, Vink & Dupérré, 2010: 62, f. 34.15-17 (mf).

mf carbonaria (Simon, 1907)....................Congo, Bioko [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008037]
Lithyphantes carbonarius Simon, 1907d: 262 (Dmf).

f carbonaria minor (Simon, 1907)....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008038]
Lithyphantes carbonarius m. Simon, 1907d: 263 (Df).

mf caspia Ponomarev, 2007....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041375]
S. c. Ponomarev, 2007b: 87, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf castanea (Clerck, 1757)....................Palearctic (Canada, USA, introduced) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008039]
Araneus castaneus Clerck, 1757: 49, pl. 3, f. 3 (Df).
Aranea c. Olivier, 1789: 210.
Theridium castaneum Sundevall, 1833a: 263 (Dm).
Eucharia hera C. L. Koch, 1836b: 134, pl. 8-9 (Dmf).
Clubiona c. Walckenaer, 1837: 592.
Acalanthis hera Gistel, 1848: 9.
Eucharia c. C. L. Koch, 1845: 100, f. 1028-1029 (mf).
S. c. Thorell, 1856: 27.
Eucharia c. Menge, 1869: 263, pl. 49, f. 154 (mf).
Teutana c. Simon, 1881a: 162, 166.
S. c. Bösenberg, 1902: 113, pl. 10, f. 143 (mf).
Teutana c. Kolosváry, 1934c: 42, f. 6 (f).
Teutana c. Wiehle, 1937: 195, f. 205-211 (mf).
S. c. Levi, 1957b: 410, f. 77-79 (mf).
S. c. Levi & Levi, 1962: 59, f. 255-257 (mf).
Teutana c. Tyschchenko, 1971: 145, f. 384 (f).
Teutana c. Miller, 1971: 190, pl. XXXIII, f. 18-19 (mf).
S. c. Traciuc, 1973: 367, f. 2c (f).
S. c. Palmgren, 1974b: 40, f. 10.12-13, 19 (mf).
S. huangyuanensis Zhu & Li, 1983a: 140, f. a-e (Dmf).
S. c. Brignoli, 1984b: 295, f. 19-20 (f).
S. c. Hu & Wu, 1989: 129, f. 102.1-3 (mf).
S. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 296, f. 797 (mf).
S. c. Roberts, 1995: 275, f. (mf).
Teutana c. Mcheidze, 1997: 185, f. 374 (f).
S. c. Zhu, 1998: 333, f. 223A-E (mf).
S. c. Roberts, 1998: 289, f. (mf).
S. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 67G-H, N-O (mf).
S. c. Hu, 2001: 573, f. 386.1-3 (mf).
S. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 106, f. 51A-E (mf).
S. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 221, f. 2471-2473 (mf).
S. c. Almquist, 2005: 92, f. 114a-f (mf).
S. c. Le Peru, 2011: 464, f. 779 (mf).

f chinchipe Levi, 1962....................Ecuador, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008040]
S. c. Levi, 1962a: 32, f. 31-32 (Df).

mf cingulata (Thorell, 1890)....................China, Korea, Laos, Japan, Sumatra, Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008041]
Stethopoma cingulatum Thorell, 1890a: 289 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes cavernicola Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 154, pl. 5, f. 57 (Dm).
Taphiassa c. Reimoser, 1925: 92.
Asagena albilunata Saito, 1939: 51, f. 6 (3), pl. 1, f. 3 (Dmf).
Asagena albilunata Saito, 1959: 66, f. 52a-e (m).
Stethopoma cingulatum Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 264-265 (mf).
Lithyphantes cavaleriei Schenkel, 1963: 102, f. 60a-b (Dm).
S. albilunata Namkung, 1964: 34, f. 10 (f).
S. cavernicola Yaginuma, Yamaguchi & Nishikawa, 1976: 825 (S).
S. cavernicola Song, 1980: 143, f.78a-f (mf).
S. cavalierei Brignoli, 1983c: 411.
S. cavernicola Hu, 1984: 166, f. 1-6 (mf).
S. cavernicola Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.5 (mf; legend reads S. albilunata).
S. cavernicola Chikuni, 1989b: 40, f. 48 (mf).
S. cavernicola Chen & Gao, 1990: 95, f. 120a-b (mf).
S. cavernicola Chen & Zhang, 1991: 143, f. 136.1-3 (mf).
S. c. Zhu, 1998: 329, f. 220A-E (mf, S).
S. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 68A-B, I-J (mf).
S. c. Yoshida, 2001b: 41, f. 33-38 (mf).
S. c. Namkung, 2002: 126, f. 13.44a-b (mf).
S. c. Yoshida, 2003a: 39, f. 65-70, 551 (mf).
S. c. Namkung, 2003: 128, f. 13.44a-b (mf).
S. c. Wunderlich, 2008b: 203, f. 49 (m).
S. c. Yoshida, 2009b: 363, f. 51-54 (mf).
S. c. Yin et al., 2012: 384, f. 163a-e (mf).

f connexa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1904)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008042]
Teutana c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 156, pl. 11, f. 3 (Df).

f craniformis Zhu & Song, 1992....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008043]
S. c. Zhu & Song, 1992: 5, f. F-H (Df).
S. c. Song & Li, 1997: 402, f. 4A-C (f).
S. c. Zhu, 1998: 327, f. 218A-D (f).
S. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 68C-D (f).

mf dahli (Nosek, 1905)....................Turkey to Israel, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008044]
Lithyphantes d. Nosek, 1905b: 130, f. 11 (Dm).
S. d. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 15, f. 10-17 (m, Df).
S. d. Levy, 1998b: 54, f. 96-103 (mf).

mf diamantina Levi, 1962....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008045]
S. d. Levi, 1962a: 31, f. 28-30 (Dmf).
S. d. Levi, 1967b: 34, f. 41 (m).

f distincta (Blackwall, 1859)....................Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008046]
Latrodectus distinctus Blackwall, 1859b: 260 (Df).
Lithyphantes distinctus Simon, 1883: 281.

mf ephippiata (Thorell, 1875)....................Algeria to Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008047]
Lithyphantes ephippiatus Thorell, 1875c: 63 (Df).
Lithyphantes ochraceus Simon, 1908a: 428 (Df).
Teutana argentea Caporiacco, 1933: 322, f. 5 (Df).
Teutana argentea Denis, 1966e: 121, f. 31 (f).
S. e. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 22, f. 42-44 (f, S).
S. e. Levy, 1998b: 71, f. 131-133 (f).
S. e. Van Keer & Bosmans, 2010: 22, f. 1-3 (Dm).

mf erigoniformis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Pantropical [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008048]
Theridion erigoniforme O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 284 (Dmf).
S. signata O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 568 (Df).
Crustulina signata Simon, 1881a: 161.
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Keyserling, 1884a: 141, pl. 6, f. 88 (Df).
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 155, pl. 12, f. 277 (f).
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 169, f. 6-7 (f).
Asagenella e. Schenkel, 1937: 381, f. 3 (m).
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Bryant, 1945c: 204, f. 7, 9 (Dm).
S. septemmaculata Levi, 1957b: 402, f. 70-73 (mf).
S. e. Levi, 1962a: 25 (S).
Asagenella e. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 261-262 (mf).
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Lee, 1966: 27, f. 5o-p (f).
S. e. Levi, 1967c: 184, f. 46-49 (mf).
S. septemmaculata Gruia, 1973a: 311, f. 18-21 (m).
S. e. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 26, f. 63-71 (mf, S).
S. septemmaculatus Hu, 1984: 165, f. 171.1-2 (f).
S. e. Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.8 (mf).
S. e. Chikuni, 1989b: 40, f. 49 (m).
S. septemmaculatus Chen & Zhang, 1991: 142, f. 135 (f).
S. e. Zhu, 1998: 332, f. 222A-E (mf).
S. e. Levy, 1998b: 81, f. 152-160 (mf).
S. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 68E-F, K-L (mf).
S. e. Yoshida, 2001b: 45, f. 49-52 (mf).
S. e. Namkung, 2002: 127, f. 13.45a-b (mf).
S. e. Yoshida, 2003a: 43, f. 81-84, 554 (mf).
S. e. Namkung, 2003: 129, f. 13.45a-b (mf).
S. e. Yoshida, 2009b: 363, f. 61-63 (mf).
S. e. Le Peru, 2011: 464, f. 780 (mf).
S. e. Yin et al., 2012: 385, f. 164a-c (f).

f fagei (Lawrence, 1964)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008049]
Teutana f. Lawrence, 1964: 68, f. 15-17 (Df).
S. f. Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

f fallax (Blackwall, 1865)....................Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008050]
Theridion f. Blackwall, 1865a: 91 (Df).
Lithyphantes f. Simon, 1883: 302.

mf felina (Simon, 1907)....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008051]
Lithyphantes felinus Simon, 1907d: 263 (Dmf).

mf foravae Dippenaar-Schoeman & Müller, 1992....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008052]
S. f. Dippenaar-Schoeman & Müller, 1992: 11, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

mf grandis Banks, 1901....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008054]
S. g. Banks, 1901b: 578 (Df).
S. zionis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 12, pl. 5, f. 36, pl. 6, f. 42 (Dmf).
S. merula Fox, 1940: 41, f. 3 (Df).
S. g. Levi, 1957b: 415, f. 92-97, 119-123 (f, Sm).

mf grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Cosmopolitan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008055]
Aranea nocturna Schrank, 1781: 528 (D; N.B.: preoccupied by Linnaeus, 1758).
Theridium grossum C. L. Koch, 1838: 112, f. 321 (Df).
Theridion pulchellum Lucas, 1838: 44 (Df).
Theridion fulvo-lunulatum Lucas, 1846: 267, pl. 17, f. 9 (Df).
Theridion versutum Blackwall, 1846b: 302 (Dm).
S. g. C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
Theridion versutum Blackwall, 1864a: 193, pl. 14, f. 124 (m).
Theridion coeliferum L. Koch, 1867b: 189 (Dj).
Eucharia zonata Ohlert, 1867: 40 (Dm).
Theridium g. Blackwall, 1867b: 211 (m).
Theridium nicoluccii Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 856 (Df).
S. versuta Thorell, 1870a: 89.
Theridium coeliferum L. Koch, 1872a: 269, pl. 22, f. 6 (Dm).
S. fulvo-lunulata Simon, 1873a: 116.
S. pulchella Thorell, 1875c: 55 (Dm).
Theridium nitidum Holmberg, 1876: 13, f. 15 (Df).
Theridium domesticum Holmberg, 1876: 13 (Df).
S. pusulosa Keyserling, 1878a: 579, pl. 14, f. 7-8 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes grossus Pavesi, 1878: 371.
Teutana g. Simon, 1881a: 164.
Teutana nitida Keyserling, 1884a: 124, pl. 6, f. 79 (f, Dm).
Teutana zonata Keyserling, 1884a: 127, pl. 6, f. 80 (Dm).
Theridion sericum Urquhart, 1886: 198, pl. 8, f. 5 (Df).
Theridion sericum Urquhart, 1890c: 258, pl. 17, f. 2 (Dm).
Teutana g. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 36, pl. 1, f. 41 (m).
Teutana g. Bösenberg, 1902: 114, pl. 10, f. 144 (mf).
Teutana zonata O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 306 (Df).
Teutana g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 374, pl. 35, f. 9-10 (mf).
Asagena zonata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 378.
Teutana g. Emerton, 1911: 387, pl. 1, f. 2 (f).
Teutana g. Fedotov, 1912a: 65, f. 4 (f).
Teutana g. Wiehle, 1937: 196, f. 213-216 (mf).
S. punctilineata Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 61, f. 30-31 (Df).
Teutana g. Kaston, 1948: 86, f. 60-62 (mf).
Teutana modesta Bryant, 1948b: 375, f. 49, 51 (Df).
Teutana g. Hull, 1950: 424, f. 11 (f).
Teutana g. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 58, f. 39A-C (mf).
S. g. Levi, 1957b: 404, f. 74, 83-85 (mf, S).
S. g. Levi, 1962a: 26 (S).
S. g. Levi, 1967c: 184, f. 50-52 (mf).
Teutana g. Azheganova, 1968: 52, f. 88, 110 (mf).
Teutana g. Tyschchenko, 1971: 145, f. 387 (f).
Teutana g. Miller, 1971: 190, pl. XXXIII, f. 15-17 (mf).
S. g. Palmgren, 1974b: 40, f. 10.14-15, 20 (mf).
S. g. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 25, f. 55-62 (mf).
S. g. Roberts, 1985: 178, f. 79e (mf).
S. g. Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.7 (f).
S. g. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 298, f. 801 (mf).
S. g. Snazell & Jones, 1993: 164, f. 6 (f).
S. g. Hann, 1994: 236, f. 16-18 (mf, S).
S. g. Roberts, 1995: 273, f. (mf).
Teutana g. Mcheidze, 1997: 185, f. 370-373 (mf).
S. g. Griswold et al., 1998: 66, f. 15A-B, 16B-C (m).
S. g. Levy, 1998b: 77, f. 144-151 (mf).
S. g. Roberts, 1998: 288, f. (mf).
S. g. Yoshida, 2001b: 43, f. 39-42 (mf).
S. g. Namkung, 2002: 128, f. 13.46a-c (mf).
S. g. Yoshida, 2003a: 41, f. 71-74, 552 (mf).
S. g. Namkung, 2003: 130, f. 13.46a-c (mf).
S. g. Almquist, 2005: 93, f. 115a-e (mf).
S. g. Wunderlich, 2008b: 203, f. 48 (m).
S. g. Yoshida, 2009b: 363, f. 3, 55-56 (mf).
S. g. Paquin, Vink & Dupérré, 2010: 62, f. 34.9-10 (mf).
S. g. Le Peru, 2011: 465, f. 781 (mf).
S. g. Kaya & Ugurtas, 2011: 150, f. 16-17 (mf).
S. g. Wunderlich, 2012a: 73, f. 5 (f).
S. g. Durán-Barrón, Rosas & Contreras-Ramos, 2013: 184, f. 7A (m).

?? grossa strandi (Ermolajev, 1934)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008057]
Teutana g. s. Ermolajev, 1934: 145 (D).

m gui Zhu, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008058]
S. g. Zhu, 1998: 345, f. 231A-D (Dm).
S. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 68M-N (m).
S. g. Yin et al., 2012: 387, f. 165a-d (m).

mf hespera Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008059]
S. h. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933a: 9, pl. 1, f. 4-6 (Dmf).
S. h. Levi, 1957b: 420, f. 90-91, 110-115, 142-147 (mf).

mf hui Zhu, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008060]
S. h. Zhu, 1998: 321, f. 221A-E (Dmf).
S. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 68G-H, O-P (mf).

mf iheringi (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008061]
Lithyphantes iheringii Keyserling, 1886b: 240, pl. 20, f. 295 (Df).
Lithyphantes cancellatus Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 326, f. 7-8 (Df).
S. i. Levi, 1962a: 31, f. 33-36, 48 (f, Dm, S).

mf incomposita (Denis, 1957)....................Portugal, Spain, France, Gibraltar, Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008062]
Lithyphantes incompositus Denis, 1957b: 294, f. 18-19 (Df).
S. i. Brignoli, 1983c: 411.
S. i. Knoflach, 1996a: 141, f. 1-5, 9-11 (f, Dm).
S. i. Le Peru, 2011: 465, f. 782, 791 (mf).

mf kiwuensis (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008065]
Lithyphantes k. Strand, 1913a: 349 (Dmf).

mf kuytunensis Zhu, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008066]
S. k. Zhu, 1998: 339, f. 227A-E (Dmf).
S. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 69A-B, I-J (mf).

mf latifasciata (Simon, 1873)....................Canary Is., Morocco to Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008067]
Lithyphantes latifasciatus Simon, 1873a: 85, pl. 2, f. 31 (Df).
Lithyphantes latifasciatus Denis, 1955b: 130, f. 31 (f).
S. fuerteventurae Schmidt, 1976: 325, f. 7-8 (Df).
S. l. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 23, f. 45-52 (f, Dm).
S. l. Wunderlich, 1992a: 419, f. 604a-b (mf, S).
S. l. Levy, 1998b: 72, f. 134-141 (mf).
S. l. Le Peru, 2011: 465, f. 784 (mf).

f latrodectoides (Franganillo, 1913)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008068]
Lithypantes l. Franganillo, 1913: 130 (Df).

f lawrencei Brignoli, 1983....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008069]
Teutana albovittata Lawrence, 1947: 17, f. 9a-b (Df, preoccupied in S. by Thorell, 1875).
S. l. Brignoli, 1983c: 412 (replacement name).

mf lenzi (Strand, 1907)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008070]
Lithyphantes l. Strand, 1907a: 530 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes l. Strand, 1907n: 588 (Dmf).

f leonardi (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008071]
Theridium (Teutana) l. Thorell, 1898: 299 (Df).

mf lepida (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008072]
Lithyphantes lepidus O. P.-Cambridge, 1879d: 690, pl. 53, f. 9 (Dm).
Theridium triloris Urquhart, 1886: 194, pl. 8, f. 1 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes lepidus Dalmas, 1917a: 360, f. 31 (m only, not f).
Lithyphantes regius Marples, 1956: 337, f. 5 (Df).
S. regia Brignoli, 1983c: 412.
S. l. Hann, 1994: 230, f. 7-10 (mf, S).

f linzhiensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037536]
S. l. Hu, 2001: 574, f. 387.1-3 (Df).

mf livens (Simon, 1894)....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008073]
Ancocoelus l. Simon, 1894a: 581 (Df).
Ancocoelus l. Simon, 1895g: 150 (Df).
Ancocoelus l. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 266-268 (f, Dm).
S. l. Hickman, 1967: 46, f. 77-81 (mf).

mf longurio (Simon, 1909)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008074]
Lithyphantes l. Simon, 1909c: 37 (Dmf).

mf mainlingensis (Hu & Li, 1987)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008075]
Enoplognatha m. Hu & Li, 1987b: 271, f. 15.1-7 (Dmf).
Enoplognatha m. Hu & Wu, 1989: 123, f. 95.1-2 (f).
S. m. Zhu, 1998: 342, f. 229A-F (Tmf from Enoplognatha).
S. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 69C-D, K-L (mf).
Enoplognatha m. Hu, 2001: 563, f. 379.1-6 (mf).

mf mainlingoides Yin et al., 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038522]
S. m. Yin et al., 2003a: 133, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

f marmorata (Simon, 1910)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008076]
Steassa m. Simon, 1910b: 192 (Df).
Steassa m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 263 (f).

mf marta Levi, 1962....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008077]
S. m. Levi, 1962a: 28, f. 20-22 (Dmf).

mf maura (Simon, 1909)....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008078]
Lithyphantes maurus Simon, 1909b: 23 (Df).
Lithyphantes gerhardti Wiehle, 1934: 71, f. 3, 6-8 (Dmf).
S. m. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 21, f. 33-41 (mf, S).
S. m. Levy, 1998b: 67, f. 123-130 (mf).
S. m. Le Peru, 2011: 466, f. 786 (mf).

mf mexicana Levi, 1957....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008081]
Stearodea americana F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 377, pl. 35, f. 12 (f; N.B.: preoccupied in Steatoda by Emerton, 1882).
S. americana Banks, 1909a: 205.
S. grandis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 12, f. 37, 40-41 (mf, misidentified).
S. m. Levi, 1957b: 417, f. 98-103, 124-128 (mf, replacement name).

mf micans (Hogg, 1922)....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008082]
Argyroelus m. Hogg, 1922: 288, f. 2 (Df).
Argyroelos m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 269-271 (f, Dm).

f minima (Denis, 1955)....................Niger [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008083]
Teutana m. Denis, 1955b: 129, f. 30 (Df).
S. m. Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

f moerens (Thorell, 1875)....................Algeria, Tunisia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008085]
Lithyphantes m. Thorell, 1875c: 64 (Df).

mf moesta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008086]
Asagena m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 209, pl. 25, f. 3 (Df).
Asagena m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 378, pl. 35, f. 18 (f).
S. m. Levi, 1957b: 379, f. 15-18 (f, Dm).

f morsitans (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008087]
Lithyphantes m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885a: 237, pl. 9, f. 2 (Df).

mf nahuana Gertsch, 1960....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008088]
S. pulcher Levi, 1957b: 393, f. 41 (m, misidentified).
S. n. Gertsch, 1960b: 37, f. 51-52, 57-58, 74-75 (Dmf).

m nasata (Chrysanthus, 1975)....................Krakatau, New Ireland, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008089]
Lithyphantes nasatus Chrysanthus, 1975: 36, f. 134-137 (Dm).
S. n. Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

f ngipina Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008090]
S. n. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 462, f. 280a-f (Df).

m nigrimaculata Zhang, Chen & Zhu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038523]
S. n. Zhang, Chen & Zhu, 2001: 305, f. 1A-C (Dm).

mf nigrocincta O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008091]
S. n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 37 (Dmf).

f niveosignata (Simon, 1908)....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008092]
Lithyphantes niveo-signatus Simon, 1908d: 413 (Df).

mf nobilis (Thorell, 1875)....................Madeira, Canary Is. (Portugal to Italy, Algeria, England, USA, introduced) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008093]
Lithyphantes n. Thorell, 1875c: 60 (Dmf).
S. clarkii O. P.-Cambridge, 1879e: 193 (Dj).
Lithyphantes n. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 376, pl. 7, f. 54, 59-60 (mf).
Teutana n. Jackson, 1907: 3, pl. 1, f. 5-9.
Lithyphantes n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1908b: 823, pl. 50, f. 25-28 (f).
Teutana n. Schmidt, 1956g: 244, f. 7c (f).
S. n. Roberts, 1993: 14, f. 6a (mf).
S. n. Snazell & Jones, 1993: 164, f. 1-5 (mf).
S. n. Roberts, 1995: 276, f. (mf).
S. n. Roberts, 1998: 290, f. (mf).
S. n. Le Peru, 2011: 466, f. 788 (mf).
S. n. Wunderlich, 2012a: 65, f. 5-8 (f).
S. n. Vetter & Rust, 2012: 92, f. 1-3, 4a-c, 5a-b (mf).
S. n. Kulczycki et al., 2012: 269, f. 1-3 (mf).

f octonotata (Simon, 1908)....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008094]
Lithyphantes octonotatus Simon, 1908d: 414 (Df).

mf palomara Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008095]
S. p. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 13, pl. 6, f. 43 (Df).
S. p. Levi, 1957b: 419, f. 104-105, 129-133 (f, Dm).

mf pardalia Yin et al., 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038524]
S. p. Yin et al., 2003a: 134, f. 9-13 (Dmf).

mf paykulliana (Walckenaer, 1805)....................Europe, Mediterranean to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008097]
Theridion paykullianum Walckenaer, 1805: 74 (D).
Theridion dispar Dufour, 1824: 210, pl. 10, f. 4-6 (Dmf).
Latrodectus martius Audouin, 1826: 354, pl. 3, f. 10 (f, misidentified).
Latrodectus venator Audouin, 1826: 354, pl. 3, f. 11 (Df).
Phrurolithus hamatus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 105, f. 507-508 (Dmf).
Phrurolithus lunatus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 107, f. 509 (Df).
Phrurolithus erythrocephalus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 109, f. 510 (Df).
Theridion triste Walckenaer, 1841: 291 (mf, misidentified).
Theridion paykullianum Walckenaer, 1841: 295 (Dmf).
Latrodectus ornatus Lucas, 1846: 233, pl. 14, f. 8 (Dmf).
Theridium hamatum Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 781.
Lithyphantes dispar Thorell, 1870a: 94.
Lithyphantes hamatus Pavesi, 1873a: 86.
Lithyphantes martius Simon, 1873a: 81.
Lithyphantes paykullianus Thorell, 1875c: 61.
Lithyphantes venator Simon, 1881a: 171.
Lithyphantes paykullianus Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 41, pl. 2, f. 7 (m).
Lithyphantes paykullianus Wiehle, 1934: 72, f. 2, 5 (mf).
S. p. Maretic, Levi & Levi, 1964: 153, f. 3.1-6 (mf).
S. p. Jones, 1980: 6, f. A-E (mf).
S. p. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 18, f. 26-32 (mf; not a senior synonym of Latrodectus venator Audouin, 1826).
S. p. Ergashev, 1990: 131, f. 68.1-6 (mf).
S. p. Noflatscher, 1991: 81, f. 1-4 (mf).
S. p. Baldacchino et al., 1993: 57, f. 7e (m).
S. p. Roberts, 1995: 277, f. (mf).
S. p. Zhu, 1998: 344, f. 230A-F (mf).
S. p. Levy, 1998b: 63, f. 116-122 (mf).
S. p. Roberts, 1998: 291, f. (mf).
S. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 69E-F, M-N (mf).
S. p. Van Keer & Van Keer, 2003: 80, f. 4a-b (mf).
S. p. Knoflach & Pfaller, 2004: 137, f. 203 (m).
S. p. Le Peru, 2011: 467, f. 789 (mf).
S. p. Kaya & Ugurtas, 2011: 150, f. 18-19 (mf).

f paykulliana obsoleta (Strand, 1908)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008098]
Lithyphantes paykullianus o. Strand, 1908h: 97 (Df).

mf pengyangensis Hu & Zhang, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045136]
S. p. Hu & Zhang, 2012: 95, f. a-m (Dmf).

m perakensis Simon, 1901....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008099]
S. p. Simon, 1901k: 53 (Dm).

f perspicillata (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008100]
Theridium (Teutana) p. Thorell, 1898: 296 (Df).

f picea (Thorell, 1899)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008102]
Teutana p. Thorell, 1899: 26 (Df).

f porteri (Simon, 1900)....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008103]
Lithyphantes p. Simon, 1900c: 50 (Df).
S. p. Levi, 1962a: 33, f. 37-39 (f).

mf punctulata (Marx, 1898)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008105]
Lithyphantes p. Marx, in Banks, 1898b: 239, pl. 14, f. 4 (Df).
S. medialis Levi, 1957b: 388, f. 34, 44, 55 (f, Dm).
S. p. Levi, 1959d: 109, f. 1-20 (mf).
S. p. Gertsch, 1960b: 11, f. 3-5, 11-13, 26-27 (mf).

mf quadrimaculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................USA to Venezuela, West Indies [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008106]
Asagena q. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 189, pl. 23, f. 12 (Dm).
Asagena q. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 378, pl. 35, f. 17 (m).
Lithyphantes hermosus Banks, 1909a: 205, pl. 6, f. 44 (Df).
Lithyphantes tricolor Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 44, f. 68-74 (Df).
Asagena marcuzzii Caporiacco, 1955: 330, f. 23a-b (Df).
S. q. Levi, 1957b: 385, f. 28-31 (m, Sf).

m quaesita (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008107]
Lithyphantes quaesitus O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 180, pl. 22, f. 6 (Dm).
Lithyphantes quaesitus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 376, pl. 35, f. 13 (m).
S. q. Levi, 1957b: 381, f. 14 (m).

f quinquenotata (Blackwall, 1865)....................Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008108]
Theridion quinquenotatum Blackwall, 1865a: 92 (Df).
S. q. Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 96, f. 9 (f).

mf retorta González, 1987....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008109]
S. r. González, 1987: 179, f. 1-13 (Dmf).

m rhombifera (Grube, 1861)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008110]
Theridium r. Grube, 1861: 164 (Dm).
S. r. Reimoser, 1919: 189.

f rubrocalceolata (Simon, 1907)....................Bioko [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008111]
Lithyphantes rubrocalceolatus Simon, 1907d: 261 (Df).

mf rufoannulata (Simon, 1899)....................India, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008112]
Teutana r. Simon, 1899a: 84 (Dmf).

mf sabulosa (Tullgren, 1901)....................Bolivia, Argentina, Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008113]
Lithyphantes sabulosus Tullgren, 1901b: 193, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dm).
S. albiornata Mello-Leitão, 1940b: 36, f. 34, pl. I, f. 5 (Df).
S. s. Levi, 1962a: 30, f. 25-27 (m, Sf).

j sagax (Blackwall, 1865)....................Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008114]
Theridion s. Blackwall, 1865a: 93 (Dj).
Teutana s. Simon, 1883: 302.

f saltensis Levi, 1957....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008115]
S. s. Levi, 1957b: 381, f. 19-20 (Df).

mf semideserta Ponomarev, 2005....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039813]
S. s. Ponomarev, 2005: 47, f. 4d-g (Dmf).

f seriata (Simon, 1899)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008116]
Teutana s. Simon, 1899a: 84 (Df).

mf singoides (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008117]
Teutana s. Tullgren, 1910: 140, pl. 3, f. 58 (Dmf).
Teutana s. Berland, 1920c: 176, f. 224 (mf).

f sordidata O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008118]
S. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 38 (Df).

f speciosa (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008119]
Theridium (Teutana) s. Thorell, 1898: 294 (Df).

m spina Gao & Li, 2014....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046695]
S. s. Gao & Li, 2014: 83, f. 65A-B, 66A-B, 67A-D (Dm).

f subannulata (Kulczyn'ski, 1911)....................New Guinea, New Britain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008120]
Teutana s. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 444, pl. 19, f. 18-19 (Df).
Lithyphantes cingulatus Chrysanthus, 1975: 35, f. 132-133 (Df).
S. s. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107 (S).
S. cingulata Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

mf terastiosa Zhu, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008121]
S. t. Zhu, 1998: 346, f. 232A-C (Dm).
S. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 70C-D (m).
S. t. Yin et al., 2003a: 137, f. 14-20 (m, Df).
S. t. Yin et al., 2012: 388, f. 166a-g (mf).

m terebrui Gao & Li, 2014....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046696]
S. t. Gao & Li, 2014: 84, f. 68A-B, 69A-B, 70A-D (Dm).

mf tigrina (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008122]
Teutana t. Tullgren, 1910: 139, pl. 3, f. 57 (Dmf).

f tortoisea Yin et al., 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038525]
S. t. Yin et al., 2003a: 138, f. 21-23 (Df).

mf transversa (Banks, 1898)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008123]
Lithyphantes transversus Banks, 1898b: 240, pl. 14, f. 5 (Df).
S. t. Levi, 1957b: 383, f. 23-27 (f, Dm).

m trianguloides Levy, 1991....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008124]
S. t. Levy, 1991: 228, f. 3-6 (Dm).
S. t. Levy, 1998b: 62, f. 112-115 (m).

mf triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Cosmopolitan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008125]
Aranea t. Walckenaer, 1802: 207 (D).
Theridion triangulifer Walckenaer, 1805: 75, pl. 8. f. 73-74 (Df).
Theridium venustissimum C. L. Koch, 1838: 114, f. 322 (Df).
Theridion triangulifer Walckenaer, 1841: 324 (Dm).
Theridion punicum Lucas, 1846: 256, pl. 16, f. 3 (Df).
Theridion flavo-maculatum Lucas, 1846: 257, pl. 17, f. 4 (Df).
Theridion serpentinum Hentz, 1850: 273, pl. 9, f. 2 (Df).
S. venustissima C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
S. triangulifera Simon, 1873a: 116.
S. t. Thorell, 1873: 505.
Teutana t. Simon, 1881a: 163.
Teutana t. Keyserling, 1884a: 122, pl. 6, f. 78 (mf).
Teutana t. Becker, 1896: 115, pl. 25, f. 2 (mf).
Teutana t. Emerton, 1902: 121, f. 286 (mf).
Teutana t. Lessert, 1910b: 121, f. 81-82 (mf).
Teutana t. punica Simon, 1914a: 280.
Teutana t. Wiehle, 1937: 198, f. 217-221 (mf).
Theridion saylori Fox, 1940: 43, f. 1 (Df).
Teutana t. Muma, 1943: 65, pl. XIII, f. 1 (m).
Teutana t. Kaston, 1948: 86, f. 57-59 (mf).
Teutana t. Levi, 1957a: 21 (S).
S. t. Levi, 1957b: 407, f. 75-76, 80-82 (mf).
S. t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 59, f. 258-259 (m).
Teutana lugubris Schenkel, 1963: 104, f. 61a-c (Dmf).
S. t. Namkung, 1964: 34, f. 11 (f).
S. t. Levi, 1967c: 185, f. 53-56 (mf).
S. t. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 84 (S).
S. t. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 17, f. 18-25 (mf).
S. lugubris Brignoli, 1983c: 412.
S. t. Zhu et al., 1985: 102, f. 88a-c (m).
S. t. Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.9 (f).
S. t. Zhang, 1987: 111, f. 91.1-3 (mf).
S. t. Chen & Gao, 1990: 96, f. 121a-b (mf).
S. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 298, f. 798 (mf).
S. t. Saito, 1992c: 946, f. 1-2 (f).
S. t. Breene et al., 1993: 56, f. 22A-C (mf).
S. t. Roberts, 1995: 276, f. (mf).
S. t. Zhu, 1998: 335, f. 224A-E (mf, S).
S. t. Levy, 1998b: 59, f. 104-111 (mf).
S. t. Roberts, 1998: 290, f. (mf).
S. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 70A-B, E-F (mf).
S. t. Hu, 2001: 576, f. 389.1-3 (mf).
S. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 109, f. 53A-E (mf).
S. t. Yoshida, 2001b: 44, f. 46-48 (mf).
S. t. Namkung, 2002: 131, f. 13.49a-b (mf).
S. t. Yoshida, 2003a: 43, f. 43, f. 78-80, 553 (mf).
S. t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 221, f. 2474-2476 (mf).
S. t. Namkung, 2003: 133, f. 13.49a-b (mf).
S. t. Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 351, f. 43-47 (m).
S. t. Paquin, Dupérré & Labelle, 2008: 222, f. 3A-F (mf).
S. t. Yoshida, 2009b: 363, f. 59-60 (mf).
S. t. Le Peru, 2011: 467, f. 792 (mf).
S. t. Kaya & Ugurtas, 2011: 151, f. 20-21 (mf).
S. t. Wunderlich, 2012a: 73, f. 1-3 (f).

f triangulosa concolor (Caporiacco, 1933)....................Libya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008126]
Teutana t. c. Caporiacco, 1933: 322 (Df).

mf tristis (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008127]
Asagena t. Tullgren, 1910: 141, pl. 3, f. 59 (Dmf).

mf tristis ruwenzorica (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008128]
Asagena t. r. Strand, 1913a: 348 (Dmf).

mf truncata (Urquhart, 1888)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008129]
Theridium truncatum Urquhart, 1888: 115, pl. 11, f. 5 (Df).
Lithyphantes lepidus Dalmas, 1917a: 360, f. 31 (f, misidentified).
S. t. Hann, 1994: 234, f. 11-15 (removed f from S of S. lepida, Dm).

m ulleungensis Paik, 1995....................Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008130]
S. u. Paik, 1995a: 8, f. 14-21 (Dm).

m uncata Zhang, Chen & Zhu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038526]
S. u. Zhang, Chen & Zhu, 2001: 306, f. 2A-C (Dm).

f variabilis (Berland, 1920)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008131]
Teutana v. Berland, 1920c: 176, f. 225 (Df).

mf variata Gertsch, 1960....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008132]
S. distincta Thorell, 1877c: 485 (Df; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1859).
Lithyphantes distinctus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933a: 8, pl. 1, f. 9 (f).
S. medialis Levi, 1957b: 388, f. 35 (m, misidentified).
S. v. Gertsch, 1960b: 24, f. 23-25, 34-44 (Dmf).

mf variata china Gertsch, 1960....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008133]
S. v. c. Gertsch, 1960b: 29 (Dmf).

f variipes (Keyserling, 1884)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008134]
Theridion v. Keyserling, 1884a: 93, pl. 4, f. 61 (Df).
S. v. Levi, 1962a: 33, f. 23-24 (Tf from Theridion).

f vaulogeri (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008135]
Teutana v. Simon, 1909e: 97 (Df).

f venator (Audouin, 1826)....................Libya, Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008136]
S. v. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 19 (removed from S of S. paykulliana).

f violacea (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008137]
Asagena v. Strand, 1906b: 615 (Df).

m wangi Zhu, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008138]
S. w. Zhu, 1998: 347, f. 233A-C (Dm).
S. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 70G-H (m).

m wanshou Yin, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046190]
S. w. Yin, in Yin et al., 2012: 390, f. 167a-c (Dm).

mf washona Gertsch, 1960....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008139]
S. medialis Levi, 1957b: 388, f. 36 (m, misidentified).
S. w. Gertsch, 1960b: 21, f. 18-22, 31-33 (Dmf).

f xerophila Levy & Amitai, 1982....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008140]
S. x. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 24, f. 53-54 (Df).
S. x. Levy, 1998b: 76, f. 142-143 (f).

m xishuiensis Zhang, Chen & Zhu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038527]
S. x. Zhang, Chen & Zhu, 2001: 307, f. 3A-C (m).