The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ERESIDAE

Gen. Stegodyphus Simon, 1873 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03335]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Magunia Lehtinen, 1967: 246, type Stegodyphus tentoriicola Purcell, 1904, by Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 167.

Transferred to other genera:
S. annulipes (Lucas, 1857) -- see Loureedia.

In synonymy:
S. affinis Tullgren, 1910 = S. lineifrons Pocock, 1898 (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 192).
S. arenarius (Kroneberg, 1875, T from Eresus) = S. lineatus (Latreille, 1817) (Nenilin & Pestova, 1986: 1734).
S. assomptioni Berland & Millot, 1940 (m only, f = S. dufouri) = S. manicatus Simon, 1876 (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 218).
S. canus Purcell, 1904 = S. bicolor (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869) (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 214).
S. corallipes Simon, 1906 = S. mimosarum Pavesi, 1883 (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 195).
S. daliensis (Yang & Hu, 2002, T from Eresus) = S. tibialis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869) (Yang, Zhu & Zhang, 2008: 72).
S. deserticola Purcell, 1908 = S. dumicola Pocock, 1898 (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 237, contra Lehtinen, 1967: 246).
S. filimaculatus Lawrence, 1927 = S. bicolor (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869) (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 214).
S. lineatus deserticola Simon, 1908 = S. lineatus (Latreille, 1817) (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 232).
S. luctuosus Simon, 1906 = S. africanus (Blackwall, 1866) (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 180).
S. niloticus Simon, 1908 = S. dufouri (Audouin, 1826) (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 208).
S. quadriculatus Franganillo, 1926 = S. lineatus (Latreille, 1817) (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 232).
S. simoni Giltay, 1927 = S. mimosarum Pavesi, 1883 (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 195).
S. socialis Pocock, 1900 = S. tibialis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869) (Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 226).

Nomina dubia:
S. bettoni Pocock, 1898g: 517 (j, Kenya) -- Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 186.
S. duodimidiavittatus Strand, 1906b: 667, 1908m: 70, pl. 2, f. 5a (f, Ethiopia) -- Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 198.
S. tibifer Strand, 1906b: 687 (m, East Africa) -- Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 180.

mf africanus (Blackwall, 1866)....................Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005879]
Eresus a. Blackwall, 1866: 453 (Df).
S. luctuosus Simon, 1906b: 306 (Dm).
S. a. Strand, 1908m: 69.
S. a. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 180, f. 13, 32-33, 40, 46-47, 52-53, 77-84, 260, 265 (f, Sm).

mf bicolor (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869)....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005881]
Eresus b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1869c: 70, pl. 6, f. 66-69 (Dm).
S. canus Purcell, 1904: 134, pl. 10, f. 5 (Df).
S. filimaculatus Lawrence, 1927: 4, pl. 3, f. 56 (Dm).
S. b. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 214, f. 106-107, 113, 118, 174-187 (Tm from Eresus, Sf).

mf dufouri (Audouin, 1826)....................North, West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005882]
Eresus dufourii Audouin, 1826: 376, pl. 4, f. 12 (Df).
Eresus molitor C. L. Koch, 1846: 7, f. 1082 (Df).
Eresus semicinctus C. L. Koch, 1846: 12, f. 1086 (Dm).
S. d. Simon, 1885f: 19.
S. semicinctus Strand, 1906h: 37.
S. molitor Strand, 1908m: 69.
S. niloticus Simon, 1908b: 80 (Df).
S. d. Simon, 1911b: 287, f. 4A (m).
S. manicatus Simon, 1911b: 288, f. 4C (m only, misidentified).
S. assomptioni Berland & Millot, 1940: 159, f. 11-12 (f only).
S. d. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 208, f. 104-105, 111-112, 126-131, 142-173 (mf, S).
S. d. Kraus & Kraus, 1990: 226, f. 3-5 (f).
S. d. El-Hennawy, 2009b: 130, f. 1-2, 8, 10 (mf).

mf dumicola Pocock, 1898....................Central, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005883]
S. d. Pocock, 1898c: 201, pl. 8, f. 7 (Dmf).
S. deserticola Purcell, 1908: 217, pl. 11, f. 5 (Dmf).
S. d. Lawrence, 1927: 4, pl. 1, f. 1 (f).
Magunia d. Lehtinen, 1967: 246, f. 456 (Tmf from Stegodyphus).
S. d. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 237, f. 31, 195-198, 211, 246-248, 251-253, 256-259, 263 (mf, S).
Magunia d. Coddington, 1990: 10, f. 19 (m).
S. d. Griswold et al., 2005: 24, f. 170D (m).

mf hildebrandti (Karsch, 1878)....................Central, East Africa, Zanzibar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005884]
Eresus h. Karsch, 1878b: 319, pl. 8, f. 7 (Df).
S. h. Pavesi, 1897b: 180.
S. africanus Lehtinen, 1967: 265 (S, rejected).
S. h. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 186, f. 20, 34, 41, 54-55, 85-88 (f, Dm; m of Tullgren, 1910 = S. mimosarum).

f hisarensis Arora & Monga, 1992....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005885]
S. h. Arora & Monga, 1992: 139, f. 1-3 (Df; N.B.: misplaced in this genus, per Siliwal, Molur & Biswas, 2005: 2006).

mf lineatus (Latreille, 1817) *....................Europe, North Africa to Tajikistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005886]
Eresus l. Latreille, 1817: 393 (Df).
Eresus acanthophilus Dufour, 1820d: 302, pl. 95, f. 3-4 (Dmf).
Eresus acanthophilus Walckenaer, 1837: 399, pl. 11, f. 1 (mf).
Eresus unifasciatus C. L. Koch, 1846: 5, f. 1081 (Df).
Eresus adspersus C. L. Koch, 1846: 8, f. 1083 (Df; N.B.: fuscifrons in legend).
Eresus fuscifrons C. L. Koch, 1846: 9, f. 1084 (Df; N.B.: adspersus in legend).
Eresus lituratus C. L. Koch, 1846: 11, f. 1085 (Df).
S. adspersus Simon, 1873d: 337.
S. molitor Simon, 1873d: 338.
Eresus arenarius Kroneberg, 1875: 44, pl. 5, f. 32 (Dm).
S. l. Pavesi, 1876a: 443.
S. l. Simon, 1892a: 253, f. 208.
S. lineatus deserticola Simon, 1908b: 79 (D).
S. l. Simon, 1911b: 286, f. 4A (m).
S. lineatus deserticola Simon, 1911b: 287 (Df).
S. quadriculatus Franganillo, 1925: 38 (D).
S. quadriculatus Franganillo, 1926b: 75 (D).
S. l. Bacelar, 1929: 252, f. 6-7 (mf).
S. l. Nenilin & Pestova, 1986: 1734, f. 5-6, 8 (mf, S).
S. l. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 231, f. 1-2, 28, 202-205, 227-228, 234-242 (mf, S).
S. l. Ergashev, 1990: 44, f. 17-23 (mf).
S. l. Melic, 1995b: 11, f. 11-16 (mf).
S. l. El-Hennawy, 2009b: 130, f. 3-4, 9, 11 (mf0.
S. l. Le Peru, 2011: 321, f. 562 (mf).
S. l. Miller et al., 2012: 106, f. 3A-C, 4K, 11A-D, 15D-F, 18G, J, 79A-J, 80A-F, 81A-F, 82A-F, 83A-F (mf).

f lineifrons Pocock, 1898....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005887]
S. l. Pocock, 1898g: 516, pl. 42, f. 13 (f).
S. affinis Tullgren, 1910: 97 (Df).
S. l. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 192, f. 89-90 (removed f from S of S. africanus, S).

mf manaus Kraus & Kraus, 1992....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005888]
S. m. Kraus & Kraus, 1992: 16, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

mf manicatus Simon, 1876....................North, West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005889]
S. m. Simon, 1876d: 87 (Df).
S. m. Simon, 1908b: 79 (Dm).
S. m. Simon, 1911b: 288, f. 4C (f only, m = S. dufouri).
S. m. Berland & Millot, 1940: 158, f. 10 (mf).
S. assomptioni Berland & Millot, 1940: 159, f. 11-12 (m only).
S. m. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 218, f. 108, 114-115, 188-194 (f, Sm).
S. m. El-Hennawy, 2009b: 131, f. 5-6, 12-22 (mf).

mf mimosarum Pavesi, 1883....................Africa, Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005890]
S. m. Pavesi, 1883: 81 (Dmf).
S. gregarius O. P.-Cambridge, 1889a: 42, pl. 2, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
S. corallipes Simon, 1906b: 305 (Dm).
S. m. Simon, 1909c: 30.
S. hildebrandti Tullgren, 1910: 95, pl. 1, f. 5 (m, misidentified).
S. m. Strand, 1913a: 329.
S. simoni Giltay, 1927: 105, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
S. m. Lehtinen, 1967: 461, f. 454 (m).
S. m. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 195, f. 3-4, 8-12, 14-19, 37-39, 43-45, 49-51, 58-76, 96-99, 261, 266 (mf, S).
S. m. Kraus & Kraus, 1990: 226, f. 6-8 (m).
S. m. Miller et al., 2012: 113, f. 3E-F, 4L, 11E-H, 15G-I, 18H, K, 84A-J, 85A-F, 86A-D, 87A-F, 88A-F (mf).

mf mirandus Pocock, 1899....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005891]
S. m. Pocock, 1899d: 750 (Dmf).
S. m. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 224, f. 207, 212-217 (mf).

mf nathistmus Kraus & Kraus, 1989....................Morocco to Aden [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005892]
S. n. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 228, f. 29-30, 200-201, 224-226, 229-233 (Dmf).

mf pacificus Pocock, 1900....................Jordan, Iran, Pakistan, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005893]
S. p. Pocock, 1900a: 209 (Dmf).
S. p. Dyal, 1935: 131, pl. 11, f. 2.
S. p. Lehtinen, 1967: 461, f. 455 (m).
S. p. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 202, f. 102, 109, 116, 119, 121-124, 132-138 (mf).

f sabulosus Tullgren, 1910....................East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005894]
S. s. Tullgren, 1910: 97, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).
S. s. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 190, f. 36, 91-95 (f).

mf sarasinorum Karsch, 1891....................India, Sri Lanka, Nepal. Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005895]
S. s. Karsch, 1891: 275, pl. 10, f. 4 (Df).
S. s. Pocock, 1900a: 209, f. 65 (f).
S. s. Bradoo, 1975: 239, f. 9, 11 (mf).
S. s. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 15, f. 5-7 (f).
S. s. Wunderlich, 1986: 208, f. 199.
S. s. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 204, f. 21-27, 103, 110, 117, 120, 125, 139-141 (mf).
S. s. Gajbe, 2007: 428, f. 16-19 (mf).
S. s. Miller et al., 2012: 116, f. 11I-L, 15J-L, 18I, L, 89A-J, 90A-F, 91A-F, 92A-F, 93A-F, 94A-F, 95A-F (mf).

f semadohensis Shivaji, 2013....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046970]
S. S. Shivaji, 2013: 109 (Df; N.B.: only Abstract seen).

f simplicifrons Simon, 1906....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005896]
S. s. Simon, 1906b: 306 (Df).
S. gregarius s. Strand, 1907o: 8.
S. gregarius s. Strand, 1908f: 457, f. C (f).
S. s. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 194, f. 100-101 (f).

mf tentoriicola Purcell, 1904....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005897]
S. t. Purcell, 1904: 135, pl. 10, f. 6 (Dmf).
Magunia t. Lehtinen, 1967: 246, f. 460 (Tmf from Stegodyphus, S S. deserticola, rejected).
S. t. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 235, f. 206, 209-210, 243-245, 249-250, 254-255, 262 (mf).

mf tibialis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869)....................India, Myanmar, Thailand, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005898]
Eresus t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1869c: 71, pl. 6, f. 70-71 (Dm).
S. t. Simon, 1884q: 343.
S. socialis Pocock, 1900a: 209 (Df).
S. t. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 226, f. 199, 208, 218-223 (mf, S).
S. t. Ono, 1995c: 158, f. 1-3, 22 (m).
Eresus daliensis Yang & Hu, 2002: 726, f. 1-6 (Dmf; N.B.: considered a junior synonym of S. t. by Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 264, without explanation) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037528].
S. t. Yang, Zhu & Zhang, 2008: 72, f. A-M (mf, S).

m tingelin Kraus & Kraus, 1989....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:005899]
S. t. Kraus & Kraus, 1989: 193, f. 7, 35, 42, 48, 56-57 (Dm).