The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: SALTICIDAE

Gen. Synemosyna Hentz, 1846 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03248]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Simonella Peckham & Peckham, 1885 by Galiano, 1966a: 341.

Transferred to other genera:
S. formosana (Saito, 1933) -- see Myrmarachne.
S. transversa Mukerjee, 1930 -- see Myrmarachne.

In synonymy:
S. atrogaster (Mello-Leitão, 1941) = S. lauretta Peckham & Peckham, 1892 (Galiano, 1966a: 362).
S. bicolor (Peckham & Peckham, 1892) = S. americana (Peckham & Peckham, 1885) (Cutler, 1981a: 343).
S. claustrorum (Mello-Leitão, 1933) = S. aurantiaca (Mello-Leitão, 1917) (Galiano, 1966a: 348).
S. mastigostyla (Mello-Leitão, 1917) = S. aurantiaca (Mello-Leitão, 1917) (Galiano, 1966a: 348).
S. melanura Mello-Leitão, 1917 = S. lauretta Peckham & Peckham, 1892 (Galiano, 1966a: 362).
S. peckhami (Mello-Leitão, 1933) = S. myrmeciaeformis (Taczanowski, 1871) (Galiano, 1966a: 367).
S. simplex (Chamberlin, 1925) = S. decipiens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Galiano, 1966a: 355).
S. ypsilon (Piza, 1937) = S. aurantiaca (Mello-Leitão, 1917) (Galiano, 1966a: 349).

Nomina dubia:
S. bimaculata (Mello-Leitão, 1917c: 139, 1933a: 58, pl. 1, f. 3, f, Brazil, originally in Simonella) -- Galiano, 1966a: 354.
S. fasciata Mello-Leitão, 1922a: 222 (f, Brazil) -- Galiano, 1966a: 357.
S. fissidentata (Szombathy, 1913: 34, 57, f. 10-11, f, Paraguay, originally in Simonella) -- Galiano, 1966a: 357.
S. lunata (Walckenaer, 1837: 387, m, USA, originally in Myrmecium) -- Galiano, 1966a: 360.
S. magniscuti Mello-Leitão, 1939h: 292, f. 13-14 (m, Brazil) -- Galiano, 1966a: 367.
S. pumilio Karsch, 1880c: 395 (India) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1664.
S. rubra (Walckenaer, 1837: 387, mf, USA, originally in Myrmecium) -- Galiano, 1966a: 360.
S. subtilis (Taczanowski, 1871: 122, f, Guyana, originally in Janus, placed here by Mello-Leitão, 1933a: 48) -- Galiano, 1966a: 376.

mf americana (Peckham & Peckham, 1885)....................Mexico to Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036421]
Simonella a. Peckham & Peckham, 1885a: 23, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dm).
Simonella a. Peckham & Peckham, 1886: 341 (D).
Simonella a. Peckham & Wheeler, 1889: 252, pl. 12, f. 4 (m).
Simonella a. Peckham & Peckham, 1892: 80, pl. 7, f. 3 (m).
Simonella bicolor Peckham & Peckham, 1892: 83, pl. 7, f. 5 (Df).
Simonella a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 170, pl. 11, f. 17 (m, Df).
Simonella bicolor F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 171, pl. 12, f. 1-2 (f, Dm).
S. a. Galiano, 1966a: 345, f. 5-7, 33-35 (m).
S. bicolor Galiano, 1966a: 353, f. 13-14, 52-53, 63 (f).
S. a. Cutler, 1981a: 343 (S).
S. a. Cutler, 1985: 89, f. 3.

mf ankeli Cutler & Müller, 1991....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036422]
S. a. Cutler & Müller, 1991: 172, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

f aschnae Makhan, 2006....................Suriname [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042342]
S. a. Makhan, 2006c: 12, f. 1-7 (Df).

mf aurantiaca (Mello-Leitão, 1917)....................Colombia, Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036423]
Simonella a. Mello-Leitão, 1917c: 138 (Df).
Simonella mastigostyla Mello-Leitão, 1917c: 140, f. 2 (Dm).
Simonella a. Mello-Leitão, 1933a: 58, pl. 1, f. 2 (f).
Simonella mastigostyla Mello-Leitão, 1933a: 59, pl. 1, f. 4, pl. 2, f. 8 (m, Df).
Simonella claustrorum Mello-Leitão, 1933a: 62, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).
Simonella ypsilon Piza, 1937a: 311, pl. 1, f. 3-4, pl. 2, f. 5 (Dmf).
S. a. Galiano, 1966a: 348, f. 8-11, 44-46, 49, 61 (f, Sm).
S. a. Cutler & Müller, 1991: 174, f. 13-15 (f).

mf decipiens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036424]
Simonella d. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 163, pl. 19, f. 15-16 (Dmf).
Simonella d. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 171, pl. 12, f. 3-4 (mf).
Simonella simplex Chamberlin, 1925d: 232 (Df).
S. d. Galiano, 1966a: 355, f. 25-26, 55, 57 (f, S).
S. d. Cutler, 1985: 85, f. 4-12 (Dm).

mf edwardsi Cutler, 1985....................Mexico to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036425]
S. e. Cutler, 1985: 87, f. 13-18 (Dmf).

mf formica Hentz, 1846 *....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036426]
S. f. Hentz, 1846: 368, pl. 22, f. 18 (Df).
Janus gibberosus C. L. Koch, 1846: 21, f. 1091 (Df).
S. f. Peckham & Peckham, 1883: 30, pl. 3, f. 23 (f, Dm).
S. f. Peckham & Peckham, 1888: 93, pl. 6, f. 70 (mf).
S. f. Emerton, 1891: 243, pl. 21, f. 5 (mf).
S. f. Peckham & Peckham, 1892: 77, pl. 6, f. 4 (mf).
S. f. Simon, 1901a: 512, f. 612 (m).
S. f. Emerton, 1902: 64, f. 163-164 (mf).
S. f. Peckham & Peckham, 1909: 366, pl. 50, f. 1 (mf).
Myrmecium lunatum Simon, 1897a: 170.
S. f. Comstock, 1912: 672, f. 743-744, 747.
Myrmecium rubrum Mello-Leitão, 1932b: 150.
S. lunata Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 215.
S. f. Chickering, 1944: 208, f. 136-139 (mf).
S. f. Kaston, 1948: 448, f. 1609-1610, 1623-24 (mf).
S. f. Galiano, 1966a: 357, f. 1-4, 36-37, 50-51, 62 (mf).
S. f. Oehler, 1980: 5, f. 1-4 (m).

f hentzi Peckham & Peckham, 1892....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036427]
S. hentzii Peckham & Peckham, 1892: 78, pl. 7, f. 2 (Df).

f invemar Cutler & Müller, 1991....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036428]
S. i. Cutler & Müller, 1991: 174, f. 9-12 (Df).

mf lauretta Peckham & Peckham, 1892....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036429]
S. l. Peckham & Peckham, 1892: 79, pl. 7, f. 1 (Dmf).
S. l. Simon, 1901a: 509, f. 610-611 (m).
S. melanura Mello-Leitão, 1917c: 142 (Df).
Simonella atrogaster Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 256 (Df).
S. l. Galiano, 1966a: 362, f. 23-24, 42-43, 47, 58 (mf, S).

mf lucasi (Taczanowski, 1871)....................Colombia to Peru and Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036430]
Janus lucasii Taczanowski, 1871: 127, pl. 3, f. 10 (Df).
Simonella l. Peckham & Wheeler, 1889: 254, pl. 12, f. 9 (f).
S. l. Galiano, 1966a: 366, f. 21-22, 48, 60 (f).
S. l. Galiano, 1967a: 35, f. 29-32 (Dm).
S. l. Cutler, 1985: 90, f. 1-2.

mf maddisoni Cutler, 1985....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036431]
S. m. Cutler, 1985: 89, f. 19-22 (Df).
S. m. Cutler, 1988b: 199, f. 1-2, 5-6 (Dm).

mf myrmeciaeformis (Taczanowski, 1871)....................Venezuela, Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036432]
Janus m. Taczanowski, 1871: 125, pl. 4, f. 9 (Dm).
Simonella m. Peckham & Wheeler, 1889: 253, pl. 12, f. 8 (m).
Simonella m. Peckham & Peckham, 1892: 81, pl. 7, f. 4 (m, Df).
Simonella m. Simon, 1901a: 509, f. 605-609 (m).
Simonella peckhami Mello-Leitão, 1933a: 56 (Dmf).
S. myrmeciformis Galiano, 1966a: 367, f. 18-20, 38-39 (m, S).

f nicaraguaensis Cutler, 1993....................Nicaragua [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036433]
S. n. Cutler, 1993: 2, f. 1-2 (Df).

mf paraensis Galiano, 1967....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036434]
S. p. Galiano, 1967a: 38, f. 25-28 (Dm).
S. p. Galiano, 1971c: 133, f. 1-3 (Df).

m petrunkevitchi (Chapin, 1922)....................USA, Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036435]
Simonella p. Chapin, 1922: 129, f. 1-2 (Dm).
S. p. Galiano, 1966a: 370, f. 15-17, 40-41 (m).
S. p. Cala-Riquelme, 2010: 85, f. 1A-B (m).

f scutata (Mello-Leitão, 1943)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036436]
Simonella s. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 231, f. 58 (Df).
S. s. Galiano, 1966a: 371, f. 59 (f).

mf smithi Peckham & Peckham, 1893....................Cuba, St. Vincent [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036437]
S. s. Peckham & Peckham, 1893: 692, pl. 61, f. 1 (Dmf).
S. s. Banks, 1926: 427, pl. 93, f. 5-6 (mf).
S. s. Bryant, 1940: 450, f. 244, 246 (m).
S. s. Galiano, 1966a: 372, f. 27-32, 54, 56 (mf).

m taperae (Mello-Leitão, 1933)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036438]
Simonella t. Mello-Leitão, 1933a: 61, pl. 1, f. 5 (Dm).

mf ubicki Cutler, 1988....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036439]
S. u. Cutler, 1988b: 200, f. 3-4, 7-10 (Dmf).