The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERAPHOSIDAE

FAM. THERAPHOSIDAE Thorell, 1869: 25 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spiderfam:0010]

Last updated May 13, 2014

N.B.: see note under Barychelidae.

Transferred to other families:
Aphantopelma Simon, 1903 -- see Thalerommata under Barychelidae.
Hapalopinus Simon, 1903 -- see Trichopelma under Barychelidae.
Hesperopholis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939 -- see Calisoga under Nemesiidae.
Leptofischelia Strand, 1929 -- see Trichopelma under Barychelidae.
Leptopelma Ausserer, 1871 -- see Nemesia under Nemesiidae.
Melloa Schenkel, 1953 -- see Melloina under Paratropididae.

In synonymy:
Adranochelia Simon, 1889 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 1985a: 148).
Ancylochiros Mello-Leitão, 1920 = Avicularia Lamarck, 1818 (Raven, 1985a: 149).
Apachepelma Smith, 1995 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Prentice, 1997: 147).
Ashantia Strand, 1908 = Euathlus Ausserer, 1875 (Gallon, 2005d: 199, contra Raven, 1985a: 149).
Avicuscodra Strand, 1908 = Avicularia Lamarck, 1818 (Gallon, 2008: 243, contra Raven, 1985a: 149).
Baccallbrapo Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 = Phlogiellus Pocock, 1897 (Haupt & Schmidt, 2004: 220, sub Yamia, contra Raven, 2000a: 570).
Barropelma Chamberlin, 1940 = Lasiodora C. L. Koch, 1850 (Raven, 1985a: 150, sub Crypsidromus).
Brachypelmides Schmidt & Krause, 1994 = Brachypelma Simon, 1891 (Smith, 1995: 159).
Brazilopelma Schmidt, 1998 = Nhandu Lucas, 1981 (Bertani, 2001: 310).
Butantania Mello-Leitão, 1935 (removed from S of Dryptopelma=Cyclosternum) = Homoeomma Ausserer, 1871 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52, contra Raven, 1985a: 150).
Calopelma Chamberlin, 1917 = Homoeomma Ausserer, 1871 (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 241).
Cenobiopelma Mello-Leitão & Arlé, 1934 = Oligoxystre Vellard, 1924 (Raven, 1985a: 150).
Ceropelma Mello-Leitão, 1923 = Plesiopelma Pocock, 1901 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55).
Chaetorhombus Ausserer, 1871 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 1985a: 151).
Chaunopelma Chamberlin, 1940 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 151, sub Rhechostica).
Chilocosmia Schmidt & von Wirth, 1992 = Orphnaecus Simon, 1892 (West, Nunn & Hogg, 2012: 23, contra Raven, 2000a: 570).
Citharischius Pocock, 1900 = Pelinobius Karsch, 1885 (Gallon, 2010a: 43).
Cratorrhagus Simon, 1891 = Chaetopelma Ausserer, 1871 (Guadanucci & Gallon, 2008: 35).
Coelogenium Purcell, 1902 = Ceratogyrus Pocock, 1897 (Gallon, 2001: 2).
Crypsidromus Ausserer, 1871 = Lasiodora C. L. Koch, 1850 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52).
Cyclothoracoides Strand, 1929 = Hapalotremus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 151).
Davus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Valerio, 1982: 412).
Delopelma Petrunkevitch, 1939 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 151, sub Rhechostica).
Dolichothele Mello-Leitão, 1923 = Hapalotremus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 152).
Dryptopelma Simon, 1889 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46).
Dryptopelmides Strand, 1907 = Holothele Karsch, 1879 (Raven, 1985a: 152).
Dugesiella Pocock, 1901 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 152, sub Rhechostica).
Erythropoicila Fischel, 1927 = Cyriocosmus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 152).
Eurypelma C. L. Koch, 1850 = Avicularia Lamarck, 1818 (Raven, 1985a: 153).
Eurypelmella Strand, 1907 = Schizopelma F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897 (Raven, 1985a: 153).
Goniodontium Mello-Leitão, 1923 = Hapalotremus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 153).
Gosipelma Chamberlin, 1940 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 153, sub Rhechostica).
Harpaxictis Simon, 1892 = Sericopelma Ausserer, 1875 (Raven, 1985a: 153, sub Mygalarachne).
Hemiercus Simon, 1903 = Schismatothele Karsch, 1879 (Guadanucci & Weinmann, 2014: 282).
Ischnocolella Strand, 1907 = Plesiophrictus Pocock, 1899 (Raven, 1985a: 155).
Lasiopelma Simon, 1892 = Grammostola Simon, 1892 (Schmidt, 1994e: 5, contra Raven, 1985a: 119, who placed it as a S of Tapinauchenius Ausserer, 1871).
Loxophobema Simon, 1907 = Phoneyusa Karsch, 1884 (Laurent, 1946: 303).
Loxoptygella Strand, 1906 = Loxoptygus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 155).
Luphocemus Denis, 1960 = Harpactirella Purcell, 1902 (Benoit, 1965c: 297).
Melognathus Chamberlin, 1917 = Cyriopagopus Simon, 1887 (Raven, 1985a: 156).
Melopoeus Pocock, 1895 = Haplopelma Simon, 1892 (Raven, 1985a: 116).
Monocentropella Strand, 1907 = Eumenophorus Pocock, 1897 (Gallon, 2010a: 43, contra Raven, 1985a: 156).
Neischnocolus Petrunkevitch, 1925 = Lasiodora C. L. Koch, 1850 (Raven, 1985a: 156, sub Crypsidromus).
Neochilobrachys Hirst, 1909 = Phlogiellus Pocock, 1897 (Raven, 1985a: 156).
Phlogiodes Pocock, 1899 = Haploclastus Simon, 1892 (Raven, 1985a: 157).
Phlogius Simon, 1887 = Selenocosmia Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 2000a: 570, contra Schmidt, 1995k: 9).
Phrixotrichus Simon, 1889 = Euathlus Ausserer, 1875 (Schmidt, 1996a: 14, contra Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54).
Polyspinosa Schmidt, 1999 = Grammostola Simon, 1892 (Bertani & Sayuri, 2004: 330).
Pseudohomoeomma Mello-Leitão, 1930 = Cyriocosmus Simon, 1903 (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 48).
Pseudoligoxystre Vol, 2001 = Oligoxystre Vellard, 1924 (Guadanucci, 2007: 2).
Pseudoschizopelma Smith, 1995 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46).
Pseudotheraphosa Tinter, 1991 = Theraphosa Thorell, 1870 (Bertani, 2001: 316).
Pterinochilides Strand, 1920 = Pterinochilus Pocock, 1897 (Laurent, 1946: 323).
Rhechostica Simon, 1892 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 149, but priority reversed by ICZN Opinion 1637).
Scopelobates Simon, 1903 = Holothele Karsch, 1879 (Raven, 1985a: 158).
Selenobrachys Schmidt, 1999 = Orphnaecus Simon, 1892 (West, Nunn & Hogg, 2012: 33).
Selenopelma Schmidt & Krause, 1995 = Selenocosmia Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 2000a: 570).
Sorata Strand, 1907 = Grammostola Simon, 1892 (Raven, 1985a: 159).
Spelopelma Gertsch, 1982 = Hemirrhagus Simon, 1903 (Pérez-Miles & Locht, 2003: 366).
Stichoplastus Simon, 1889 = Holothele Karsch, 1879 (Rudloff, 1997a: 10).
Trasyphoberus Simon, 1903 = Acanthoscurria Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 1985a: 159).
Umangia Strand, 1920 = Phoneyusa Karsch, 1884 (Laurent, 1946: 303).
Weyenberghiana Mello-Leitão, 1941 = Eupalaestrus Pocock, 1901 (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86, sub Pterinopelma).
Xenodendrophila Gallon, 2003 = Encyocratella Strand, 1907 (Gallon, 2005a: 46),
Yamia Kishida, 1920 = Phlogiellus Pocock, 1897 (West, Nunn & Hogg, 2012: 33).
Zophopelma Benoit, 1965 = Euphrictus Hirst, 1908 (Raven, 1985a: 160).

Nomen dubium:
Pachypelma Karsch, 1880c: 390 (type Mygale oculata Nicolet, 1849: 331, pl. 1, f. 1, f, Chile, supposedly = Mygale pygmaea Nicolet, 1849: 331, pl. 1, f. 3, f, Chile) -- Raven, 1985a: 146 (but see Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 47 under Phormictopus); Huber, Samm & Schmidt, 1996: 42.

Homonyms replaced:
Iracema Pérez-Miles, 2000 -- see Maraca.
Polyspina Schmidt, 1994 -- see Polyspinosa under Grammostola.
Scodra Becker, 1879 -- see Stromatopelma.
Stenotarsus Tesmoingt & Schmidt, 2002 -- see Neostenotarsus.
Trichognatha Gallon, 2002 -- see Trichognathella.
Weyenberghia Mello-Leitão, 1941 -- see Eupalaestrus.

Genera:

Acanthopelma
Acanthoscurria
Aenigmarachne
Agnostopelma
Ami
Annandaliella
Anoploscelus
Aphonopelma
Augacephalus
Avicularia
Bacillochilus
Batesiella
Bonnetina
Brachionopus
Brachypelma
Cardiopelma
Catanduba
Catumiri
Ceratogyrus
Chaetopelma
Chilobrachys
Chromatopelma
Citharacanthus
Citharognathus
Clavopelma
Coremiocnemis
Cotztetlana
Crassicrus
Cubanana
Cyclosternum
Cyriocosmus
Cyriopagopus
Cyrtopholis
Encyocratella
Encyocrates
Ephebopus
Euathlus
Eucratoscelus
Eumenophorus
Eupalaestrus
Euphrictus
Euthycaelus
Grammostola
Guyruita
Hapalopus
Hapalotremus
Haploclastus
Haplocosmia
Haplopelma
Harpactira
Harpactirella
Hemirrhagus
Heterophrictus
Heteroscodra
Heterothele
Holothele
Homoeomma
Hysterocrates
Idiothele
Iridopelma
Ischnocolus
Kochiana
Lampropelma
Lasiodora
Lasiodorides
Loxomphalia
Loxoptygus
Lyrognathus
Magulla
Maraca
Mascaraneus
Megaphobema
Melloleitaoina
Metriopelma
Monocentropus
Munduruku
Mygalarachne
Myostola
Neoheterophrictus
Neostenotarsus
Nesiergus
Nesipelma
Nhandu
Oligoxystre
Ornithoctonus
Orphnaecus
Ozopactus
Pachistopelma
Pamphobeteus
Paraphysa
Pelinobius
Phlogiellus
Phoneyusa
Phormictopus
Phormingochilus
Plesiopelma
Plesiophrictus
Poecilotheria
Proshapalopus
Psalmopoeus
Psednocnemis
Pseudhapalopus
Pterinochilus
Pterinopelma
Reversopelma
Sahydroaraneus
Schismatothele
Schizopelma
Selenocosmia
Selenogyrus
Selenotholus
Selenotypus
Sericopelma
Sickius
Sphaerobothria
Stichoplastoris
Stromatopelma
Tapinauchenius
Theraphosa
Thrigmopoeus
Thrixopelma
Tmesiphantes
Trichognathella
Typhochlaena
Vitalius
Xenesthis