The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: TETRAGNATHIDAE

Gen. Tetragnatha Latreille, 1804 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01413]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Eucta Simon, 1881 and Arundognatha Wiehle, 1963a: 47, type Tetragnatha striata L. Koch, 1862 by Levi, 1981a: 282 and of Prionolaema Simon, 1894 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01408] by Dimitrov, Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2008: 51.

Transferred to other genera:
T. lineata Blackwall, 1862 -- see Microlinyphia under Linyphiidae.
T. lutea Walckenaer, 1841 -- see Lyssomanes under Salticidae.
T. perlongipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1872 -- see Zygiometella.

In synonymy:
T. aduncata Wang, 1991 = T. hasselti Thorell, 1890 (Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221).
T. alba F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903 = T. laboriosa Hentz, 1850 (Chickering, 1957d: 329).
T. amplidens Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = T. tropica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Chickering, 1957d: 347).
T. andina Taczanowski, 1878 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 291).
T. anirensis Strand, 1915 = T. biseriata Thorell, 1881 (Okuma, 1987: 66).
T. antillana Simon, 1897 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 291).
T. apheles Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = T. mexicana Keyserling, 1865 (Chickering, 1957d: 306, 333; f allotype = T. nitens, sub T. antillana).
T. aptans Chamberlin, 1920 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 292).
T. banksi McCook, 1894 = T. guatemalensis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Chickering, 1957b: 11).
T. borealis L. Koch, 1879 = T. dearmata Thorell, 1873 (Holm, 1973: 98).
T. casula Walckenaer, 1841 = T. versicolor Walckenaer, 1841 (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 113).
T. cliens Chamberlin, 1924 = T. nigrita Lendl, 1886 (Song, 1988: 126; Chamberlin's f = T. maxillosa, as per Okuma, 1983: 72).
T. conformans Chamberlin, 1924 = T. maxillosa Thorell, 1895 (Zhu, 1983: 39, sub T. japonica).
T. convexa Banks, 1898 = T. versicolor Walckenaer, 1841 (Chickering, 1957a: 1).
T. coreana Seo & Paik, 1981 = T. vermiformis Emerton, 1884 (Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 190).
T. culicivora Walckenaer, 1841 = T. elongata Walckenaer, 1805 (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 111).
T. dentigera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903 = T. versicolor Walckenaer, 1841 (Chickering, 1957b: 12).
T. earmra Levi, 1981 = T. gracilis (Bryant, 1923) (Dimitrov, Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2008: 55).
T. eitapensis Strand, 1913 = T. ceylonica O. P.-Cambridge, 1869 (Okuma, 1987: 48).
T. elmora Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 292).
T. festina Bryant, 1945 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Chickering, 1957b: 12-13, sub T. antillana; f allotype = T. tenuissima (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889).
T. filiformis (Audouin, 1826) = T. flava (Audouin, 1826) (Simon, 1881a: 5).
T. foliifera Simon, 1898 = T. demissa L. Koch, 1872 (Saaristo, 2003: 25).
T. fraterna Banks, 1898 = T. guatemalensis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Chickering, 1957a: 1).
T. fuerteventurensis Wunderlich, 1992 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Wunderlich, 2011: 210)
T. galapagoensis Banks, 1902 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 291).
T. graciliventris Schenkel, 1963 = T. mandibulata Walckenaer, 1841 (Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 154).
T. grenda Roberts, 1983 = T. demissa L. Koch, 1872 (Saaristo, 2003: 25).
T. groenlandica Thorell, 1872 = T. extensa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Braendegaard, 1946: 54, after Jackson, 1930).
T. haitiensis Bryant, 1945 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Chickering, 1957b: 2, sub T. antillana).
T. harrodi Levi, 1951 = T. dearmata Thorell, 1873 (Levi, 1981a: 300).
T. heatwolei Chrysanthus, 1975 = T. bituberculata L. Koch, 1867 (Okuma, 1987: 46).
T. hotingchiehi Schenkel, 1963 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Song, 1987: 185).
T. huahinensis Berland, 1942 = T. macilenta L. Koch, 1872 (Gillespie, 2003c: 165).
T. infuscata Benoit, 1978 = T. boydi O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 (Saaristo, 2003: 23).
T. intermedia Banks, 1898 = T. guatemalensis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1981a: 296).
T. japonica Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 = T. maxillosa Thorell, 1895 (Okuma, 1983: 72).
T. kaestneri (Crome, 1954) = T. reimoseri (Rosca, 1939) (Blick, Sammorey & Martin, 1993: 29, after Fuhn & Oltean, 1970).
T. laudativa Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 = T. guatemalensis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 62).
T. limnocharis Seeley, 1928 = T. versicolor Walckenaer, 1841 (Levi, 1981a: 302).
T. listeri Gravely, 1921 = T. maxillosa Thorell, 1895 (Okuma, 1983: 72).
T. mackenziei Gravely, 1921 = T. vermiformis Emerton, 1884 (Okuma, 1983: 77).
T. maderiana Schenkel, 1938 (described as subspecies of T. extensa) = T. extensa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 363).
T. mandibulata bidentata Gravely, 1921 = T. boydi O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 (Okuma, 1983: 70).
T. manitoba Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = T. extensa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 65).
T. marianna Archer, 1940 = T. versicolor Walckenaer, 1841 (Levi, 1981a: 302).
T. maxillosa insignita Strand, 1911 = T. maxillosa Thorell, 1895 (Chrysanthus, 1975: 8).
T. modesta Hirst, 1911 = T. ceylonica O. P.-Cambridge, 1869 (Saaristo, 2003: 23).
T. munda Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1929 = T. versicolor Walckenaer, 1841 (Levi, 1981a: 302).
T. nigrita niccensis Strand, 1906 = T. praedonia L. Koch, 1878 (Ono, 1981c: 5, contra Ono, 1975a: 20).
T. nitens crossae (Hogg, 1911) = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Parrott, 1946: 82).
T. nitens kullmanni Wiehle, 1962 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 365, contra Okuma, 1983: 70).
T. numa Levi & Levi, 1955 = T. laboriosa Hentz, 1850 (Levi, 1981a: 308).
T. obtusa propior Kulczyn'ski, 1891 = T. dearmata Thorell, 1873 (Wunderlich, 2011: 211).
T. pelusia (Audouin, 1826) = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 291).
T. peninsulana Banks, 1898 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 291).
T. pinea Seeley, 1928 = T. viridis Walckenaer, 1841 (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 113).
T. potanini Schenkel, 1963 = T. extensa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 135).
T. producta (Franganillo, 1930, T from Cyrtognatha) = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Bonnet, 1959: 4318, sub T. antillana).
T. propioides Schenkel, 1936 = T. maxillosa Thorell, 1895 (Okuma, 1983: 73).
T. punctipes Westring, 1874 = T. dearmata Thorell, 1873 (Tullgren, 1947: 139).
T. quadridens Dondale, 1966 = T. demissa L. Koch, 1872 (Okuma, 1987: 50, contra Saaristo, 1978: 124).
T. recurva Schenkel, 1936 = T. squamata Karsch, 1879 (Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 183).
T. rusticana Chickering, 1959 = T. extensa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1981a: 298).
T. sanctitata Walckenaer, 1841 = T. elongata Walckenaer, 1805 (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 111).
T. seminola Gertsch, 1936 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 292).
T. seneca Seeley, 1928 = T. guatemalensis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Chickering, 1957b: 11).
T. shikokiana Yaginuma, 1960 = T. vermiformis Emerton, 1884 (Okuma, 1983: 77).
T. siduo Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = T. tropica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Chickering, 1957d: 347).
T. soaresi Camargo, 1950 = T. longidens Mello-Leitão, 1945 (Camargo, 1953: 312).
T. steckleri Gertsch & Ivie, 1936 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 292).
T. trapezoides Walckenaer, 1841 = T. versicolor Walckenaer, 1841 (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 113).
T. valoka Chrysanthus, 1975 = T. biseriata Thorell, 1881 (Okuma, 1987: 66).
T. vermiventris Schenkel, 1963 = T. javana (Thorell, 1890) (Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 150).
T. vicina Simon, 1897 = T. nitens (Audouin, 1826) (Levi, 1981a: 291).

Homonyms replaced:
T. bidens Mello-Leitão, 1943 -- see T. bidentata.
T. intermedia Franganillo, 1936 -- see T. franganilloi.
T. parva Bryant, 1947 -- see T. bryantae.
T. tullgreni Caporiacco, 1947 -- see T. caporiaccoi.

Nomina dubia:
T. aurata Walckenaer, 1841: 215 (f, USA) -- Seeley, 1928: 103.
T. extensa contigua Franganillo, 1909: 185 (?, Portugal) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014161] -- Wunderlich, 2011: 210.
T. lacerta Walckenaer, 1841: 224 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1981a: 310.
T. trichodes mendax Franganillo, 1909: 185 (?, Portugal) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014378] -- Wunderlich, 2011: 210.
T. walckenaeri Roewer, 1942a: 994 (replacement name for T. flava Walckenaer, 1841: 217, f, USA, preoccupied by Audouin, 1826 sub Uloborus) -- Seeley, 1928: 103.

mf acuta Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014078]
T. a. Gillespie, 1992b: 8, f. 29-42 (Dmf).
T. a. Gillespie, 1994: 167, f. 40-44, 47 (m).

f aenea Cantor, 1842....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014079]
T. a. Cantor, 1842: 492 (Df).

j aetherea (Simon, 1894)....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014071]
Prionolaema a. Simon, 1894a: 725 (Dj).
Prionolaema a. Simon, 1895g: 150 (Dj).
T. a. Dimitrov, Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2008: 53, f. 2A-B (j).

mf albida Gillespie, 1994....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014080]
T. a. Gillespie, 1994: 163, f. 16-30, 45 (Dmf).

f americana Simon, 1905....................Chile, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014081]
T. extensa Nicolet, 1849: 516, pl. 4, f. 5 (f, misidentified).
T. a. Simon, 1905e: 10 (Df).

f amoena Okuma, 1987....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014082]
T. a. Okuma, 1987: 43, f. 3A-E (Df).

f anamitica Walckenaer, 1841....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014083]
T. a. Walckenaer, 1841: 208 (Df).

mf andamanensis Tikader, 1977....................Andaman Is., Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014084]
T. a. Tikader, 1977a: 175, f. 10A-E (Dmf).
T. a. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1996b: 50, f. 9-16 (mf).

mf andonea Lawrence, 1927....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014085]
T. a. Lawrence, 1927: 28, pl. 3, f. 62, pl. 4, f. 77 (Dmf).

m angolaensis Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988....................Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014086]
T. a. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 219, f. 1A-I (Dm).

f anguilla Thorell, 1877....................Java, Sulawesi, New Guinea, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014087]
T. a. Thorell, 1877b: 443 (Df).
Eucta a. Keyserling, 1887a: 227, pl. 20, f. 7 (f).

f angulata Hogg, 1914....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014088]
T. a. Hogg, 1914b: 70, pl. 1, f. 1 (Df).

mf anuenue Gillespie, 2002....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037649]
T. a. Gillespie, 2002: 165, f. 31-46, 79 (Dmf).

mf argentinensis Mello-Leitão, 1931....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014089]
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1931c: 95, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

m argyroides Mello-Leitão, 1945....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014090]
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 243, f. 20-21 (Dm).

f armata Karsch, 1891....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014091]
T. a. Karsch, 1891: 287 (Df).

m atriceps Banks, 1898....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014092]
T. a. Banks, 1898b: 248, pl. 15, f. 13 (Dm).

f atristernis Strand, 1913....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014093]
T. a. Strand, 1913a: 359 (Df).

f australis (Mello-Leitão, 1945)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014094]
Eucta a. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 237 (Df).

f baculiferens Hingston, 1927....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014095]
T. b. Hingston, 1927: 292 (Df).

f beccarii Caporiacco, 1947....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014096]
T. b. Caporiacco, 1947a: 24 (Df).

f bemalcuei Mello-Leitão, 1939....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014097]
T. b. Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 67, f. 42-44 (Df).

f bengalensis Walckenaer, 1841....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014098]
T. b. Walckenaer, 1841: 223 (Df).

mf bicolor White, 1841....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014099]
T. b. White, 1841: 475 (Dmf).

m bidentata Roewer, 1951....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014100]
T. bidens Mello-Leitão, 1943d: 136, f. 1-3 (Dm, preoccupied).
T. b. Roewer, 1951: 456 (replacement name).

mf biseriata Thorell, 1881....................New Guinea, New Britain, Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014101]
T. b. Thorell, 1881: 139 (Df).
T. anirensis Strand, 1915d: 196, pl. 15, f. 37 (Df).
T. b. Chrysanthus, 1975: 4, f. 1-3 (f).
T. valoka Chrysanthus, 1975: 17, f. 62-67 (Dm).
T. b. Okuma, 1987: 66, f. 18A-K (mf, S).

f bishopi Caporiacco, 1947....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014102]
T. b. Caporiacco, 1947a: 24 (Df).

mf bituberculata L. Koch, 1867....................Japan, New Guinea, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014103]
T. b. L. Koch, 1867b: 184 (Dj).
T. b. L. Koch, 1872a: 183, pl. 15, f. 5 (Df).
T. b. Keyserling, 1887a: 220, pl. 20, f. 2 (Dm).
T. heatwolei Chrysanthus, 1975: 13, f. 51-53 (Df).
T. b. Okuma, 1987: 46, f. 5A-K (mf, S).
T. b. Tanikawa, 1996: 152, f. 1-14 (mf).
T. b. Tanikawa, 2007c: 105, f. 377, 832-834 (m).
T. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 414, f. 66-68 (mf).

f boeleni Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014104]
T. b. Chrysanthus, 1975: 11, f. 39-44 (Df).

f bogotensis Keyserling, 1865....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014105]
T. b. Keyserling, 1865: 854, pl. 21, f. 5 (Df).

mf boninensis Okuma, 1981....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014106]
T. b. Okuma, 1981: 141, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
T. b. Okuma, 1988b: 173, f. 5A-H (m).
T. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 414, f. 77-80 (m).

mf boydi O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................Mexico to Brazil, Sardinia, Africa, Seychelles to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014107]
T. b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898b: 389, pl. 31, f. 4 (Df).
T. b. Lessert, 1915a: 14, pl. 1, f. 7, 13 (f).
T. mandibulata bidentata Gravely, 1921b: 442, f. 3c, f (Dmf).
T. nitens Lawrence, 1927: 27, pl. 3, f. 61, pl. 4, f. 77 (mf, misidentified).
T. infuscata Benoit, 1978f: 667, f. 2D-E (Dm).
T. mandibulata Saaristo, 1978: 121, f. 224-231 (f, misidentified).
T. b. Okuma, 1983: 70, f. 1A-L (mf, S T. nitens kullmani, rejected).
T. b. Okuma, 1988c: 208, f. 20A-L (mf).
T. b. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 223, f. 4A-L (mf).
T. b. Okuma, 1992: 221, f. 1A-L (mf).
T. b. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1996b: 52, f. 17-24 (f).
T. b. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 119, f. 52A-G, 53A-G, pl. VIE-H (mf).
T. b. Saaristo, 2003: 23, f. 21, 25 (mf, S).
T. b. Saaristo, 2010: 235, f. 36.27, 31 (mf).
T. b. Yin et al., 2012: 453, f. 205a-f (f).

mf boydi praedator Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania, Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014108]
T. p. Tullgren, 1910: 147, pl. 3, f. 69 (Dm).
T. b. p. Schmidt & Krause, 1993b: 6, f. 5 (m T. p. removed from S of T. b., placed as subspecies, Df).

mf brachychelis Caporiacco, 1947....................Tanzania, Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014109]
T. b. Caporiacco, 1947d: 145, f. 19 (Dmf).

mf branda Levi, 1981....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014110]
T. b. Levi, 1981a: 314, f. 167-175, pl. 7g-h (Dmf).
T. b. Coddington, 1990: 16, f. 46 (m).

mf brevignatha Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014111]
T. b. Gillespie, 1992a: 185, f. 29-41, 155-156 (Dmf).
T. b. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

m bryantae Roewer, 1951....................Puerto Rico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014112]
T. parva Bryant, 1947b: 186, f. 5, 8 (Dm, preoccupied).
T. b. Roewer, 1951: 456 (replacement name).
T. parva Chickering, 1957b: 13, f. 12-13 (m).

j caffra (Strand, 1909)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014113]
Eucta c. Strand, 1909g: 569 (Dj).

mf cambridgei Roewer, 1942....................Mexico, Central America, Puerto Rico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014114]
Eugnatha gracilis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 11, pl. 2, f. 1-2 (Dmf; preoccupied by Lucas, 1838 sub Tetragnatha).
T. gracilis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 434, pl. 41, f. 10-11 (mf).
T. c. Roewer, 1942a: 988 (replacement name).

f caporiaccoi Platnick, 1993....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014115]
T. tullgreni Caporiacco, 1947a: 24 (Df; N.B.: preoccupied by Lessert, 1915).
T. c. Platnick, 1993c: 381 (replacement name).

mf caudata Emerton, 1884....................North, Central America, Cuba, Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014116]
T. c. Emerton, 1884: 335, pl. 39, f. 16, 22 (Df).
Eucta c. Banks, 1893a: 132 (Dm).
Eugnatha lacerta McCook, 1894: 266, pl. 24, f. 5-6, pl. 28, f. 5 (mf, dubious identification).
Eucta c. Comstock, 1912: 415, f. 428 (mf).
T. c. Seeley, 1928: 107, pl. 1, f. 5-10 (mf).
T. c. Chickering, 1957d: 308, f. 7-11 (removed mf from S of T. lacerta).
T. c. Chickering, 1959: 479, f. 1-8 (mf).
T. c. Chickering, 1962: 430, f. 7-13 (mf).
T. c. Levi, 1981a: 310, f. 140-148, pl. 7b-c (mf).
T. c. Okuma, 1992: 222, f. 2A-E (f).
T. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 207, f. 2315-2318 (mf).
T. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 60, f. 52-60 (mf).

mf caudicula (Karsch, 1879)....................Russia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014117]
Eugnatha c. Karsch, 1879g: 66, pl. 1, f. 4 (Dmf).
Eucta c. Simon, 1881a: 7.
T. c. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 179, pl. 15, f. 408 (Df).
Eucta c. Crome, 1954: 427. f. 4-5, 7, 9 (mf).
Eucta c. Saito, 1959: 110, f. 132a-h (mf).
T. c. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 52, f. 35 (f).
T. c. Hu, 1984: 140, f. 143.1-3 (f).
T. javana Hu, 1984: 145, f. 148.1-6 (mf, misidentified).
T. javana Guo, 1985: 86, f. 2-35.1-10 (mf, misidentified).
T. c. Hu & Wu, 1985: 96, f. 2.1-12 (mf).
T. c. Okuma, 1988b: 167, f. 1A-L (mf).
T. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 94, f. 16 (m).
T. c. Hu & Wu, 1989: 112, f. 87.1-12 (mf).
T. c. Chen & Gao, 1990: 79, f. 99a-e (mf).
T. c. Kurenshchikov, 1994: 58, f. 2-11 (mf).
T. c. Chen, 1997: 115, f. 3A-F (f).
T. c. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 63, f. 14, 39, 61, 70-71 (mf).
T. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 125J, L-O (mf).
T. c. Hu, 2001: 595, f. 405.1-8 (mf).
T. c. Zhu et al., 2002: 80, f. 2A-N (mf).
T. c. Namkung, 2002: 222, f. 18.9a-d (mf).
T. c. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 122, f. 54A-G, 55A-G (mf).
T. c. Namkung, 2003: 224, f. 18.9a-d (mf).
T. c. Tanikawa, 2007c: 105, f. 372, 824-827 (m).
T. c. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 37, f. 8, 27, 27.1-3 (mf).
T. c. Tanikawa, 2009: 414, f. 58-61 (m).
T. c. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 174, f. 118A-G, 119A-G (mf).
T. c. Yin et al., 2012: 455, f. 206a-g (mf).

mf caudifera (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014118]
Eucta c. Keyserling, 1887a: 226, pl. 20, f. 6 (Dmf).
T. c. Okuma, 1987: 57, f. 12A-L (mf).

m cavaleriei Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014119]
T. c. Schenkel, 1963: 121, f. 72a-d (Dm).
T. cavalierei Brignoli, 1983c: 223 (lapsus).
T. c. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 124, f. 56A-D (m).

mf cephalothoracis Strand, 1906....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014120]
T. c. Strand, 1906b: 616 (Df).
T. c. Caporiacco, 1940c: 813, f. 24 (Dm).

mf ceylonica O. P.-Cambridge, 1869....................South Africa, Seychelles to Philippines, New Britain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014121]
Meta gracilis Stoliczka, 1869: 244, pl. 19, f. 2 (Df; preoccupied by Lucas 1838 sub Tetragnatha).
T. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1869b: 394, pl. 13, f. 83-88 (Dmf).
T. latifrons Thorell, 1877b: 434 (Dmf).
T. fronto Thorell, 1890a: 214 (Df).
T. tridens Thorell, 1898: 328 (Dm).
T. gracilis Pocock, 1900a: 214 (Dmf).
T. gracilis Merian, 1911: 181, f. K-P.
T. modesta Hirst, 1911: 385, f. 2 (Df).
T. eitapensis Strand, 1913d: 115 (Dm).
T. eitapensis Strand, 1915d: 196, pl. 15, f. 40 (m).
T. gracilis Gravely, 1921b: 427, 436, f. 1 (mf).
T. c. Okuma, 1968b: 99, f. 2A-F (m).
T. eitapensis Chrysanthus, 1975: 6, f. 4-7 (m).
T. c. Okuma, 1976: 45, f. 1-9 (mf).
T. c. Okuma, 1977: 32, f. 10-11 (m).
T. modesta Benoit, 1978f: 666, f. 2A-C (Dm).
T. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 133, f. 71.4 (m).
T. c. Okuma, 1987: 48, f. 6A-I (mf, S).
T. c. Okuma, 1988b: 170, f. 3A-L (mf).
T. c. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 227, f. 5A-L (mf).
T. c. Okuma et al., 1993: 43, f. 39A-G (mf).
T. c. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 513, f. 315a-g, 316a-m (mf).
T. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 125K, P-S (mf).
T. c. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 25, f. 14 (m).
T. c. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 125, f. 57A-G, 58A-G (mf).
T. c. Saaristo, 2003: 23, f. 22, 26 (mf, S).
T. c. Tanikawa, 2007c: 106, 378-380, 835-838 (m).
T. c. Tanikawa, 2009: 414, f. 69-72 (m).
T. c. Saaristo, 2010: 236, f. 26.28, 32 (mf).

f chamberlini (Gajbe, 2004)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040908]
Eucta c. Gajbe, 2004a: 30, f. 18-19 (Df, under synonymized generic name).

mf chauliodus (Thorell, 1890)....................Myanmar to New Guinea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014122]
Limoxera c. Thorell, 1890d: 292 (Dmf).
T. c. Gravely, 1921b: 425.
T. c. Okuma, 1987: 62, f. 15A-E (f).
T. c. Okuma, 1988c: 196, f. 11A-L (f, Dm).
T. c. Tanikawa, 1990a: 9, f. 1-9 (mf).
T. c. Okuma et al., 1993: 44, f. 40A-G (mf).
T. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 126A, G, W-X, 127A-B (mf).
T. c. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 128, f. 59A-G, 60A-G (mf).
T. c. Tanikawa, 2007c: 108, f. 401-402, 865-867 (m).
T. c. Tanikawa, 2009: 416, f. 107-109 (m).

f cheni Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038602]
T. c. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 131, f. 61A-G (Df).
T. c. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 176, f. 120A-G (f).

f chinensis (Chamberlin, 1924)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014123]
Eucta c. Chamberlin, 1924a: 12, pl. 3, f. 24 (Df).

f chrysochlora (Audouin, 1826)....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014124]
Eugnatha c. Audouin, 1826: 324 (Df).
T. c. Simon, 1929: 750.

f cladognatha Bertkau, 1880....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014125]
T. c. Bertkau, 1880a: 79, pl. 2, f. 27 (Df).

mf clavigera Simon, 1887....................Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014126]
T. c. Simon, 1887a: 272 (Dmf).
T. c. Simon, 1894a: 718, f. 797.

mf cochinensis Gravely, 1921....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014127]
T. c. Gravely, 1921b: 442, f. 4a-b (Dmf).

f coelestis Pocock, 1901....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014128]
T. c. Pocock, 1901d: 478 (Df).

mf cognata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889....................Guatemala to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014129]
T. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 7, pl. 2, f. 10-11 (Dmf).
T. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 433, pl. 41, f. 3-4 (mf).
T. c. Chickering, 1957d: 310, f. 12-18 (mf).
T. c. Okuma, 1992: 223, f. 3A-H (m).

mf confraterna Banks, 1909....................Costa Rica, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014130]
T. c. Banks, 1909a: 207, pl. 6, f. 34 (Dmf).
T. c. Chickering, 1957d: 312, f. 19-26 (mf).
T. c. Okuma, 1992: 223, f. 4A-N (mf).

f conica Grube, 1861....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014131]
T. c. Grube, 1861: 162 (Df).
Eucta c. Wesolowska, 1988b: 409, f. 20-23 (f).

f crassichelata Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014133]
T. c. Chrysanthus, 1975: 13, f. 48-50 (Df).

mf cuneiventris Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014134]
T. c. Simon, 1900a: 475, pl. 19, f. 3 (Dmf).
T. c. Okuma, 1988d: 77, f. 1A-L (m).

mf cylindracea (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014135]
Eugnatha c. Keyserling, 1887a: 224, pl. 20, f. 5 (Dmf).

mf cylindrica Walckenaer, 1841....................New Guinea, Australia, Fiji [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014136]
T. c. Walckenaer, 1841: 210 (D).
T. c. Keyserling, 1865: 842, pl. 20, f. 18-19 (Df).
T. c. L. Koch, 1872a: 181, pl. 15, f. 3 (Dm).
Eugnatha c. Keyserling, 1887a: 226.
T. c. Okuma, 1987: 61, f. 14A-K (mf).

f cylindriformis Lawrence, 1952....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014137]
T. c. Lawrence, 1952b: 9, f. 5a-c (Df).

mf dearmata Thorell, 1873....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014138]
T. extensa d. Thorell, 1873: 462, 639 (D; N.B.: name omitted by Roewer, synonyms listed by him under T. punctipes).
T. punctipes Westring, 1874: 25 (Dj).
T. borealis L. Koch, 1879c: 5 (Dj).
T. extensa punctipes Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 26 (Df).
T. obtusa maior Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 145 (Dmf; S per Simon, 1929, see Bonnet and Wunderlich, 2011: 211).
T. obtusa propior Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 145, pl. 6, f. 12 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014290].
T. punctipes Bösenberg, 1901: 61, pl. 4, f. 59 (Df).
T. obtusa propior Kulczyn'ski, 1903b: 648, pl. 1, f. 18 (m).
T. punctipes Simon, 1929: 648, 650, 750, f. 997 (f, Dm).
T. d. Tullgren, 1947: 139, f. 32-44 (mf, S).
T. harrodi Levi, 1951: 17, f. 32-37 (Dmf).
T. harrodi Levi & Field, 1954: 452, f. 42, 45-48 (m).
T. harrodi Chickering, 1959: 484, f. 22-25 (mf).
T. d. Wiehle, 1963a: 41, f. 65-74 (mf).
T. d. Holm, 1973: 98 (S).
T. d. Palmgren, 1974a: 49, f. 22g, 23d, 24c, 25d (mf).
T. harrodi Kaston, 1977: 35, f. 28 (m).
T. d. Levi, 1981a: 300, f. 65-73, pl. 5f (mf, S).
T. d. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 62, f. 130 (mf).
T. d. Kurenshchikov, 1994: 58, f. 59-61 (f).
T. d. Roberts, 1995: 305, f. (mf).
T. d. Roberts, 1998: 318, f. (mf).
T. d. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 208, f. 2319-2322 (mf).
T. d. Dondale et al., 2003: 85, f. 157-165 (mf).
T. d. Almquist, 2005: 121, f. 138a-k (mf).
T. d. Wunderlich, 2011: 211, f. 71-73 (mf, S).

f decipiens Badcock, 1932....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014139]
T. d. Badcock, 1932: 13, f. 9 (Df).

f delumbis Thorell, 1891....................Nicobar Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014140]
T. d. Thorell, 1891: 39 (Df).

mf demissa L. Koch, 1872....................South Africa, Aldabra, Seychelles, Australia to Tonga [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014141]
T. d. L. Koch, 1872a: 185, pl. 16, f. 1 (Df).
T. d. Keyserling, 1887a: 221, pl. 20, f. 3 (Dm).
T. foliifera Simon, 1898d: 377 (Df).
T. quadridens Dondale, 1966: 1175, f. 4A-E (Dmf).
T. grenda Roberts, 1983: 247, f. 103-113 (Dmf).
T. d. Okuma, 1987: 50, f. 7A-K (mf, S).
T. d. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 227, f. 6A-M (mf).
T. marginata Saaristo, 1978: 124, f. 232-241 (f, Dm, misidentified).
T. d. Saaristo, 2003: 25, f. 23, 27 (mf, S).
T. d. Saaristo, 2010: 236. f. 36.29, 33 (mf).

m dentatidens Simon, 1907....................Sierra Leone, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014142]
T. d. Simon, 1907d: 273 (Dm).

m desaguni Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014143]
T. d. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 497, f. 305a-j (Dm).

f determinata Karsch, 1891....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014144]
T. d. Karsch, 1891: 288 (Df).

mf digitata O. P.-Cambridge, 1899....................Mexico, Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014145]
T. d. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 299, pl. 36, f. 11-12 (Dmf).
T. d. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 435, pl. 41, f. 14 (mf).

m eberhardi Okuma, 1992....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014147]
T. e. Okuma, 1992: 225, f. 5A-I (Dm).

mf elongata Walckenaer, 1841....................North, Central America, Cuba, Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014148]
T. e. Walckenaer, 1805: 69 (nomen nudum).
T. e. Walckenaer, 1841: 211 (Dmf).
T. fulva Walckenaer, 1841: 212 (Df).
T. fimbriata Walckenaer, 1841: 213 (Dmf).
T. culicivora Walckenaer, 1841: 214 (Dm).
T. sanctitata Walckenaer, 1841: 214 (Dm).
T. violacea Walckenaer, 1841: 218 (Df).
T. armigera Blackwall, 1846a: 81 (Df).
T. grallator Hentz, 1850: 26, pl. 4, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
T. grallator Keyserling, 1865: 850, pl. 21, f. 24-27 (f).
T. grallator Emerton, 1884: 334, pl. 39, f. 1-6 (mf).
T. e. McCook, 1894: 260, pl. 25, f. 1-2 (mf).
T. grallator Emerton, 1902: 201, f. 461, 465 (mf).
T. e. Comstock, 1912: 411, f. 424-425 (mf).
T. e. Seeley, 1928: 109, pl. 1, f. 11-13, pl. 2, f. 14-16 (mf).
T. e. Muma, 1943: 100, pl. XIV, f. 8 (m).
T. e. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 111 (S).
T. e. Chickering, 1959: 480, f. 9-12 (mf).
T. e. Chickering, 1962: 431, f. 14-20 (mf).
T. e. Levi, 1981a: 300, f. 74-89, pl. 5g-i (mf).
T. e. Okuma, 1992: 226, f. 6A-J (mf).
T. e. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 208, f. 2323-2326 (mf).
T. e. Dondale et al., 2003: 83, f. 144-156 (mf).

f elongata debilis Thorell, 1877....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014149]
T. e. d. Thorell, 1877c: 479 (Df).

mf elongata principalis Thorell, 1877....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014150]
T. e. p. Thorell, 1877c: 477 (Dmf).

m elongata undulata Thorell, 1877....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014151]
T. e. u. Thorell, 1877c: 477 (Dm).

f elyunquensis Petrunkevitch, 1930....................Jamaica, Puerto Rico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014152]
T. e. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 292, f. 159-161 (Df).
T. e. Chickering, 1962: 433, f. 21-23 (f).

mf esakii Okuma, 1988....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014153]
T. e. Okuma, 1988a: 71, f. 1A-K (Dmf).
T. e. Okuma, 1988c: 187, f. 4A-K (mf).
T. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 126B, H, 127C-F (mf).
T. e. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 132, f. 62A-E, 63A-G (mf).

mf ethodon Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936....................Panama, Puerto Rico, Barbados [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014154]
T. e. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 64, pl. 17, f. 144-146 (Dmf).
T. e. Chickering, 1957d: 316, f. 27-31 (m; f of Chamberlin & Ivie = T. tenuissima).
T. e. Okuma, 1992: 228, f. 7A-H (m, Df).

mf eumorpha Okuma, 1987....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014155]
T. e. Okuma, 1987: 44, f. 4A-K (Dmf).

mf eurychasma Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014156]
T. e. Gillespie, 1992b: 6, f. 15-28, 86 (Dmf).

mf exigua Chickering, 1957....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014157]
T. e. Chickering, 1957b: 3, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
T. e. Chickering, 1962: 435, f. 24-29 (mf).

f exilima (Mello-Leitão, 1943)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013589]
Cyrtognatha e. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 176 (Df).
Cyrtognatha exillima Brignoli, 1983c: 221 (lapsus).
T. e. Dimitrov & Hormiga, 2009: 100, f. 65A-E (Tf from Cyrtognatha).

mf exquista Saito, 1933....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014158]
T. e. Saito, 1933c: 275, f. 2 (Df).
T. e. Saito, 1934b: 338, pl. 13, f. 26, pl. 15, f. 71 (Dm).
T. e. Saito, 1959: 117, f. 141a-e (m).

mf extensa (Linnaeus, 1758) *....................Holarctic, Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014159]
Aranea e. Linnaeus, 1758: 621 (Df).
Aranea e. Linnaeus, 1761: 489 (D).
Aranea solandri Scopoli, 1763: 397 (D).
Aranea mouffeti Scopoli, 1763: 398 (D).
Aranea e. Fabricius, 1775: 431 (D).
Aranea e. De Geer, 1783: 236, pl. 19, f. 1 (D).
Aranea e. Olivier, 1789: 204 (D).
T. rubra Risso, 1826: 168 (Df).
T. e. Sundevall, 1833a: 256 (Dmf).
T. e. Hahn, 1834: 43, f. 129 (mf).
T. gibba C. L. Koch, 1837b: 5 (D).
T. chrysochlora Walckenaer, 1841: 208 (Df).
T. arundinis Bremi-Wolff, 1849: 1-16.
T. e. Blackwall, 1864a: 367, pl. 28, f. 265 (mf).
T. e. Keyserling, 1865: 844, pl. 21, f. 19-22 (mf).
T. fluviatilis Keyserling, 1865: 852, pl. 21, f. 10 (Df).
T. nowickii L. Koch, 1870: 13 (Dmf).
T. groenlandica Thorell, 1872b: 151 (Dj).
T. e. Hansen, 1882: 25, pl. 2, f. 3 (mf).
T. e. Emerton, 1884: 333, pl. 39, f. 9-10 (mf).
T. e. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 144, pl. 6, f. 7 (mf).
T. e. McCook, 1894: 259, pl. 25, f. 3-5 (mf).
T. e. Becker, 1896: 62, pl. 13, f. 2 (mf).
T. e. Bösenberg, 1901: 57, 59, pl. 4, f. 53, 55 (mf).
T. solandri Bösenberg, 1901: 57, 59, pl. 4, f. 53, 55 (mf).
T. e. Emerton, 1902: 201, f. 459-462, 466 (mf).
T. e. Kulczyn'ski, 1903b: 647, pl. 1, f. 11 (m).
T. e. Lessert, 1910b: 288, f. 150-152 (mf).
T. solandri Engelhardt, 1910: 46, f. 7-9 (f).
T. e. Engelhardt, 1910: 50, f. 10 (f).
T. solandri Lessert, 1910b: 292, f. 159-161 (mf).
T. e. Fedotov, 1912a: 75, f. 15-19 (mf).
T. e. Reimoser, 1928: 105, f. 3 (mf).
T. e. Seeley, 1928: 113, pl. 2, f. 17-20 (mf).
T. e. Simon, 1929: 648, 651, 749, f. 998-999 (mf).
T. extensa maderiana Schenkel, 1938a: 28, f. 9 (Dmf).
T. e. Wiehle, 1939: 376, f. 1-2, 14-16, 35-36, 42, 48-49 (mf).
T. manitoba Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 61, f. 153-158 (Dmf).
T. e. Braendegaard, 1946: 54 (S).
T. e. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 65 (S).
T. e. Tullgren, 1947: 130, f. 1-4, 7-11, 16-17, 19-20 (mf).
T. e. Chrysanthus, 1949b: 353, f. 9 (m).
T. e. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 100, f. 64A-B, 66A, 67A, 68A, 69B (mf).
T. e. Locket, Millidge & La Touche, 1958: 140, f. 3c-d (f).
T. e. Saito, 1959: 117, f. 142a-g (mf).
T. rusticana Chickering, 1959: 489, f. 36-40 (Dmf).
T. potanini Schenkel, 1963: 123, f. 73a-f (Dmf).
T. e. Wiehle, 1963a: 12, f. 1-4, 10, 13-18 (mf).
T. e. Wiehle, 1967b: 186, f. 6-7 (mf).
T. e. Azheganova, 1968: 94, f. 205-207, 222 (mf).
T. e. Palmgren, 1974a: 47, f. 22a-c, 23a-b, 24a, 25a-b (mf).
T. e. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 61, f. 36D (m).
T. e. Yin, 1976: 123, pl. VII.1-9 (f).
T. e. Levi, 1981a: 298, f. 56-64, pl. 5e (mf).
T. e. Hu, 1984: 142, f. 145.1-3 (f).
T. e. Roberts, 1985: 198, f. 88a, 89a (mf).
T. e. Guo, 1985: 83, f. 2-33.1-4 (f).
T. e. Zhu et al., 1985: 89, f. 77a-f (m).
T. potanini Zhu et al., 1985: 94, f. 81a-f (m).
T. e. Zhang, 1987: 93, f. 76.1-7 (f).
T. maderiana Wunderlich, 1987a: 128 (elevated from subspecies of T. extensa).
T. e. Okuma, 1988b: 177, f. 8A-K (mf).
T. e. Okuma, 1989: 53, f. 2A (m).
T. e. Chikuni, 1989b: 95, f. 19 (m).
T. e. Chen & Gao, 1990: 80, f. 100a-c (f).
T. e. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 60, f. 124 (mf).
T. e. Wunderlich, 1992a: 363 (S).
T. e. Zhao, 1993: 270, f. 129a-f (m).
T. e. Kurenshchikov, 1994: 58, f. 25-31 (mf).
T. e. Roberts, 1995: 302, f. (mf).
T. e. Agnarsson, 1996: 57, f. 43A-C (mf).
T. e. Mcheidze, 1997: 289, f. 663-667 (mf).
T. e. Roberts, 1998: 316, f. (mf).
T. e. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 65, f. 16, 40, 63, 73-74 (mf).
T. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 126I, 127G-J (m).
T. e. Zhu et al., 2002: 81, f. 3A-N (mf).
T. e. Namkung, 2002: 216, f. 18.3a-c (mf).
T. e. Kim & Cho, 2002: 319, f. 877-882 (m).
T. e. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 208, f. 2327-2330 (mf).
T. e. Dondale et al., 2003: 71, f. 97-105 (mf).
T. e. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 134, f. 64A-G, 65A-G (mf, S).
T. e. Namkung, 2003: 218, f. 18.3a-c (mf).
T. e. Agnarsson, 2004: 607, f. 92B (m).
T. e. Almquist, 2005: 122, f. 139a-l (mf).
T. e. Jäger, 2006d: 3, f. 1-2j-k, n-r (mf).
T. e. Tanikawa, 2007c: 107, f. 387-389, 849-851 (m).
T. e. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 38, f. 10, 21, 21.1-2 (mf).
T. e. Tanikawa, 2009: 416, f. 87-89 (m).
T. e. Wunderlich, 2011: 214, f. 31-32 (m).
T. e. Russell-Smith, 2011c: 23, f. 1A, 2A (mf).
T. e. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 177, f. 121A-G, 122A-G (mf).
T. e. Yin et al., 2012: 39, f. 3-18f-g (f).

mf extensa brachygnatha Thorell, 1873....................Sweden, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014160]
T. b. Thorell, 1873: 463 (Dmf).
T. e. b. Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 5.

f extensa maracandica Charitonov, 1951....................Iran, Russia, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014162]
T. e. m. Charitonov, 1951: 211 (Df; see also Charitonov, 1969: 80).

f extensa pulchra Kulczyn'ski, 1891....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014163]
T. e. p. Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 14 (Df, a "dubious taxon" per Wunderlich, 2011: 210).

mf fallax Thorell, 1881....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014164]
T. f. Thorell, 1881: 134 (Dm).
T. f. Gravely, 1921b: 426 (Df).

f farri Chickering, 1962....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014165]
T. f. Chickering, 1962: 435, f. 30-33 (Df).

mf filiciphilia Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014166]
T. f. Gillespie, 1992b: 10, f. 43-56, 87 (Dmf).

mf filiformata Roewer, 1942....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014167]
T. filiformis Taczanowski, 1872: 111 (Dmf; preoccupied by Audouin, 1826 sub Eugnatha).
T. f. Roewer, 1942a: 989 (replacement name).
T. filiformis Caporiacco, 1948a: 644, f. 47-49 (m).

f filigastra Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014168]
T. f. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 192, f. 23 (Df).

m filipes Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014169]
T. f. Schenkel, 1936b: 88, f. 30 (Dm).

mf filum Simon, 1907....................Congo, Bioko, São Tomé [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014170]
Eucta f. Simon, 1895a: 725 (nomen nudum).
T. f. Simon, 1907d: 276 (Dmf).

f flagellans Hasselt, 1882....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014171]
T. f. Hasselt, 1882: 27, pl. 4, f. 11 (Df).

f flava (Audouin, 1826)....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014172]
Uloborus flavus Audouin, 1826: 322, pl. 2, f. 1 (Df).
Eugnatha filiformis Audouin, 1826: 327, pl. 2, f. 4 (Df).
Uloborus filiformis Walckenaer, 1841: 230.
Uloborus flavescens Simon, 1864: 245 (lapsus).
T. filiformis Keyserling, 1865: 843, pl. 20, f. 20 (f).
T. flava Simon, 1881a: 5 (S).
Eugnatha f. Simon, 1929: 750.

mf flavida Urquhart, 1891....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014173]
T. f. Urquhart, 1891a: 177 (Dmf).
T. f. Dalmas, 1917a: 366, f. 34-35 (mf).

f fletcheri Gravely, 1921....................India, Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014174]
T. f. Gravely, 1921b: 440, f. 3a (Df).
T. f. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1996b: 52, f. 25-32 (f).

f foai Simon, 1902....................Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014175]
T. f. Simon, 1902f: 514 (Df).

f foliferens Hingston, 1927....................Nicobar Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014176]
T. f. Hingston, 1927: 293 (Df).

mf foveata Karsch, 1891....................Sri Lanka, Laccadive Is., Maldive Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014178]
T. f. Karsch, 1891: 289 (Df).
T. f. Strand, 1911d: 145 (Dm).

mf fragilis Chickering, 1957....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014179]
T. f. Chickering, 1957d: 317, f. 32-38 (Dmf).

f franganilloi Brignoli, 1983....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014180]
T. intermedia Franganillo, 1936c: 93, f. 46 (Df, preoccupied).
T. f. Brignoli, 1983c: 225 (replacement name).

f friedericii Strand, 1913....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014181]
T. f. Strand, 1913d: 115 (Df).
T. f. Strand, 1915d: 194, pl. 15, f. 38 (f).

mf gemmata L. Koch, 1872....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014183]
T. g. L. Koch, 1872a: 186, pl. 16, f. 2 (Dmf).

mf geniculata Karsch, 1891....................Sri Lanka to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014184]
T. g. Karsch, 1891: 286 (Df).
T. g. Gravely, 1921b: 426, 441, f. 3b (f).
T. g. Okuma, 1988c: 198, f. 13A-L (f, Dm).
T. g. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 138, f. 67A-G, 68A-G (mf).

mf gertschi Chickering, 1957....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014185]
T. g. Chickering, 1957d: 321, f. 39-45 (Dmf).
T. g. Okuma, 1992: 228, f. 8A-J (mf).

f gibbula Roewer, 1942....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014186]
T. gibba Taczanowski, 1873: 113 (Df; preoccupied by C. L. Koch, 1837).
T. g. Roewer, 1942a: 989 (replacement name).

f gongshan Zhao & Peng, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043318]
T. g. Zhao & Peng, 2010: 7, f. 1a-3 (Df).

mf gracilis (Bryant, 1923)....................USA, Antigua, Martinique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014072]
Prionolaema g. Bryant, 1923: 11, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dmf).
T. earmra Levi, 1981a: 294, f. 35-45, pl. 5c (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014146].
T. g. Dimitrov, Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2008: 55, f. 3A-G, 4A-C (mf, S).
T. g. Dierkens, 2011a: 37, f. 1, 4 (m).

f gracillima (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014188]
Limoxera g. Thorell, 1890a: 227 (Df).
T. g. Gravely, 1921b: 427.

f granti Pocock, 1903....................Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014189]
T. g. Pocock, 1903g: 186 (Df).

m gressitti Okuma, 1988....................Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014191]
T. g. Okuma, 1988a: 75, f. 4A-H (Dm).
T. g. Okuma, 1988c: 197, f. 12A-H (m).

f gressittorum Okuma, 1987....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014192]
T. g. Okuma, 1987: 65, f. 17A-E (f).

mf guatemalensis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889....................North, Central America, Cuba, Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014193]
T. g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 8, pl. 2, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
T. banksi McCook, 1894: 262, pl. 25, f. 6, pl. 28, f. 4 (Dm).
T. fraterna Banks, 1898b: 247, pl. 15, f. 11 (Dmf).
T. intermedia Banks, 1898b: 247, pl. 15, f. 14 (Dm; preoccupied).
T. g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 431, pl. 40, f. 12-13 (mf).
T. banksi F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 435 (replacement name for T. intermedia Banks, but itself preoccupied).
T. tepicana Strand, 1908e: 232 (replacement name for T. banksi F. O. P.-Cambridge).
T. seneca Seeley, 1928: 134, pl. 4, f. 44-48 (Dmf).
T. laudativa Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 15, f. 33-35 (Dmf).
T. g. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 62, f. 159 (S).
T. g. Chickering, 1957a: 1 (S).
T. g. Chickering, 1957b: 11 (S).
T. g. Chickering, 1957d: 326, f. 46-53 (mf).
T. g. Chickering, 1959: 482, f. 13-21 (mf).
T. g. Chickering, 1962: 438, f. 34-40 (mf).
T. g. Kaston, 1977: 35, f. 27 (m).
T. g. Levi, 1981a: 296, f. 46-55, pl. 5d (mf, S).
T. g. Okuma, 1992: 228, f. 9A-G (mf).
T. g. Dondale et al., 2003: 81, f. 134-143 (mf).
T. g. Paquin & Dupérré, 2006: 23, f. 53-57 (mf).

f gui Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038603]
T. g. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 141, f. 69A-G (Df).

m hamata Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014194]
T. h. Thorell, 1898: 326 (Dm).

mf hasselti Thorell, 1890....................Bangladesh to China, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014195]
T. hasseltii Thorell, 1890d: 217 (Df).
T. h. Merian, 1911: 185, f. C-J (f, Dm).
T. h. Okuma, 1988c: 190, f. 6A-K (mf).
T. aduncata Wang, 1991a: 159, f. 25-30 (Dmf).
T. h. Okuma et al., 1993: 42, f. 38A-G (mf).
T. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 126C, J, 127K-L (mf).
T. h. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 142, f. 70A-G, 71A-G (mf).

f hasselti birmanica Sherriffs, 1919....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014196]
T. h. b. Sherriffs, 1919: 231 (Nf).

mf hastula Simon, 1907....................Sierra Leone, Gabon, Principe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014197]
T. h. Simon, 1907d: 267 (Dmf).

f hawaiensis Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014198]
T. h. Simon, 1900a: 470, pl. 19, f. 4 (Df).
T. h. Okuma, 1988d: 78, f. 2A-G (f).

mf heongi Barrion & Barrion-Dupo, 2011....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044015]
T. h. Barrion & Barrion-Dupo, in Barrion et al., 2011: 386, f. 1-4, pl. 1A-K (Dmf).

mf hirashimai Okuma, 1987....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014199]
T. h. Okuma, 1987: 25, 26A-K (Dmf).

m hiroshii Okuma, 1988....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014200]
T. h. Okuma, 1988a: 72, f. 2A-E (Dm).
T. h. Okuma, 1988c: 183, f. 1A-H (m).
T. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 126K, 127M-N (m).
T. h. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 145, f. 72A-H (m).

f hulli Caporiacco, 1955....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014202]
T. h. Caporiacco, 1955: 320 (Df).

mf insularis Okuma, 1987....................Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014204]
T. i. Okuma, 1987: 67, f. 19A-I (Dmf).

f insulata Hogg, 1913....................Falkland Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014205]
T. i. Hogg, 1913: 41, pl. 2, f. 6 (Df).

mf insulicola Okuma, 1987....................Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014206]
T. i. Okuma, 1987: 80, f. 28A-K (Dmf).

mf intermedia Kulczyn'ski, 1891....................Portugal, Madeira to Turkey, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014289]
T. obtusa i. Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 145, pl. 6, f. 11 (Dmf).
T. obtusa i. Fedotov, 1912a: 76, f. 20-24 (mf).
T. i. Wunderlich, 2011: 211, f. 54-70 (mf, elevated to species).

mf iriomotensis Okuma, 1991....................Okinawa Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014208]
T. i. Okuma, 1991b: 43, f. 1A-G, 2A-E (Dmf).
T. i. Tanikawa, 2007c: 111, f. 410-411, 878-880 (m).
T. i. Tanikawa, 2009: 419, f. 120-122 (m).

jj irridescens Stoliczka, 1869....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014207]
T. i. Stoliczka, 1869: 246, pl. 18, f. 3 (Djj).

mf isidis (Simon, 1880)....................Europe to Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014209]
Eugnatha i. Simon, 1880g: 98 (Df).
Eucta gallica Simon, 1881a: 6 (Df).
Eucta lutescens Lendl, 1886: 121, pl. 1, f. 1-2, pl. 2, f. 11-15 (Dmf).
Eucta lutescens Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 146, pl. 6, f. 15 (mf).
Eucta i. Lessert, 1915a: 20, pl. 1, f. 19-21 (mf).
Eucta i. Simon, 1929: 652, 751.
Eucta lutescens Azheganova, 1968: 91, f. 203-204, 215-217 (mf).
Eucta i. Morano & Ferrández, 1985b: 27, f. 1-7 (f).
Eucta i. Mcheidze, 1997: 286, f. 654-658 (mf).
T. i. Wunderlich, 2011: 213, f. 11-12 (f).

m iwahigensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014210]
T. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 507, f. 312a-k (Dm).

mf jaculator Tullgren, 1910....................Africa to China, New Guinea, Barbados, Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014211]
T. j. Tullgren, 1910: 150, pl. 3, f. 73 (Dmf).
T. j. Okuma, 1984: 87, f. 1A-H (m).
T. j. Okuma, 1987: 55, f. 11A-L (mf).
T. j. Okuma, 1988c: 194, f. 10A-L (mf).
T. j. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 231, f. 7A-L (mf).
T. j. Okuma, 1992: 230, f. 10A-I (m; may be senior S of T. argyroides and T. lewisi).
T. j. Okuma et al., 1993: 36, f. 32A-G (mf).
T. j. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 146, f. 73A-G, 74A-G (mf).

mf javana (Thorell, 1890)....................Africa to Japan, Philippines, Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014212]
Eucta j. Thorell, 1890a: 236 (Dm).
Eucta j. Thorell, 1895: 146 (Df).
Eucta j. Gravely, 1922: 1047, pl. 2, f. 4 (f).
Eucta j. Saito, 1933b: 47, pl. 3, f. 28.
Eucta j. Chrysanthus, 1963: 733, f. 30-35 (f).
T. (Eugnatha) vermiventris Schenkel, 1963: 129, f. 76a-b (Df).
T. j. Okuma, 1968b: 100, f. 4A-F (m).
T. j. Yin, 1976: 125, pl. XI.1-13 (mf).
T. j. Song, 1980: 128, f. 67a-h (mf).
Arundognatha vermiventris Brignoli, 1983c: 221 (Tf from Tetragnatha).
T. j. Okuma, 1984: 88, f. 2A-L (mf).
T. j. Yaginuma, 1986a: 133, f. 71.2 (m).
T. j. Okuma, 1988b: 169, f. 2A-L (mf).
T. j. Chen & Gao, 1990: 80, f. 101a-e (mf).
T. j. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 126, f. 120.1-12 (mf).
T. j. Vungsilabutr, 1988: 68, f. 2A-H (mf).
T. j. Okuma et al., 1993: 36, f. 31A-G (mf).
T. j. Zhao, 1993: 271, f. 130a-d (mf).
T. j. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 324, f. 1700-1703 (m).
T. j. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 494, f. 303a-f, 304a-f (mf).
T. j. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1996b: 46, f. 1-8 (f).
T. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 126L, 127O-Q (m).
T. j. Zhu et al., 2002: 81, f. 4A-N (mf).
T. j. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 149, f. 75A-G, 76A-G (mf, S).
T. j. Tanikawa, 2007c: 105, f. 373-376, 828-831 (m).
T. j. Kim & Lee, 2008: 77, f. 1a-d, 2a-d (mf).
T. j. Dimitrov & Hormiga, 2009: 104, f. 67A-G, 68A-I, 69A-D (m).
T. j. Tanikawa, 2009: 414, f. 62-65 (m).
T. j. Yin et al., 2012: 456, f. 207a-g (mf).

m jejuna (Thorell, 1897)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014213]
Limoxera j. Thorell, 1897b: 5 (Dm).
T. j. Gravely, 1921b: 429.

mf josephi Okuma, 1988....................Malaysia, Singapore [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014214]
T. j. Okuma, 1988a: 76, f. 5A-L (Dmf).
T. j. Okuma, 1988c: 210, f. 21A-L (mf).

m jubensis Pavesi, 1895....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014215]
T. j. Pavesi, 1895a: 502 (Dm).

mf kamakou Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014216]
T. k. Gillespie, 1992a: 195, f. 81-94, 159-160 (Dmf).
T. k. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

mf kapua Gillespie, 2003....................Marquesas Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038604]
T. k. Gillespie, 2003b: 71, f. 42-56, 74 (Dmf).

mf kauaiensis Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014217]
T. k. Simon, 1900a: 472, pl. 19, f. 9 (Dmf).
T. k. Okuma, 1988d: 79, f. 3A-J (m).
T. k. Gillespie, 1992a: 192, f. 68-80, 161 (mf).
T. k. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

m kea Gillespie, 1994....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014218]
T. k. Gillespie, 1994: 165, f. 31-39, 46 (Dm).

mf keyserlingi Simon, 1890....................Samoa, Fiji, New Hebrides [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014219]
T. mandibulata Keyserling, 1865: 848, pl. 21, f. 6-9 (mf, misidentified).
T. k. Simon, 1890c: 134 (Dmf).

f khanjahani Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1996....................Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040977]
T. k. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1996b: 54, f. 33-37 (Df).

mf kikokiko Gillespie, 2002....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037650]
T. k. Gillespie, 2002: 163, f. 16-30, 78 (Dmf).

m kiwuana Strand, 1913....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014220]
T. k. Strand, 1913a: 358 (Dm).

mf klossi Hogg, 1919....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014221]
T. k. Hogg, 1919: 85, pl. 7, f. 2 (Dmf).

mf kochi Thorell, 1895....................Polynesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014222]
T. mandibulata L. Koch, 1872a: 194, pl. 17, f. 2-3 (mf, misidentified).
T. k. Thorell, 1895: 140 (Dmf).

mf kolosvaryi Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014223]
T. k. Caporiacco, 1949a: 349, f. 17a-c (Dmf).

m kovblyuki Marusik, 2010....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043591]
T. k. Marusik, 2010c: 199, f. 1-6, 9-11 (Dm).

mf kukuhaa Gillespie, 2002....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037652]
T. k. Gillespie, 2002: 167, f. 47-61, 80 (Dmf).

mf kukuiki Gillespie, 2002....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037651]
T. k. Gillespie, 2002: 161, f. 1-15, 77 (Dmf).

mf labialis Nicolet, 1849....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014224]
T. l. Nicolet, 1849: 520 (Dm).
T. l. Keyserling, 1865: 851, pl. 21, f. 11-13 (m, Df).

mf laboriosa Hentz, 1850....................North, Central America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014225]
T. l. Hentz, 1850: 27, pl. 4, f. 3 (Dm).
T. l. Keyserling, 1865: 841, pl. 20, f. 16-17 (m, Df).
T. illinoiensis Keyserling, 1879: 318, pl. 4, f. 18 (Df).
T. l. Emerton, 1884: 334, pl. 39, f. 7-8, 11, 19, pl. 40, f. 7 (mf).
T. l. McCook, 1894: 262, pl. 25, f. 7-8 (mf).
T. l. Emerton, 1902: 202, f. 463, 467 (mf).
T. alba F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 432, pl. 40, f. 15 (Df).
T. seydi Strand, 1908e: 230 (Df).
T. l. Seeley, 1928: 123, pl. 2, f. 25-29, pl. 3, f. 30-31 (mf).
T. l. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 289, f. 154-155 (mf).
T. l. Muma, 1943: 100, pl. XIV, f. 9 (m).
T. l. Kaston, 1948: 269, f. 850-851, 859-861 (m).
T. numa Levi & Levi, 1955: 37, f. 19-23 (Dmf).
T. l. Chickering, 1957d: 329, f. 54-59 (mf, S).
T. l. Chickering, 1959: 486, f. 26-30 (mf).
T. l. Levi, 1981a: 308, f. 16-22, 120-128, pl. 6h-i (mf, S).
T. l. Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 45 (m).
T. l. Okuma, 1992: 231, f. 11A-F (m).
T. l. Breene et al., 1993: 108, f. 168A-C (mf).
T. l. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 372, f. 9 (m).
T. l. Griswold et al., 1998: 61, f. 10A (m).
T. l. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 208, f. 2331-2334 (mf).
T. l. Dondale et al., 2003: 74, f. 106-115 (mf).

f lactescens (Mello-Leitão, 1947)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013437]
Agriognatha l. Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 11, f. 25 (Df).
T. lactensis Dimitrov & Hormiga, 2009: 98, f. 64A-D (Tf from Agriognatha=Cyrtognatha, lapsus).

m laminalis Strand, 1907....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014226]
T. l. Strand, 1907a: 531 (Dm).
T. l. Strand, 1907n: 593 (Dm).

mf lamperti Strand, 1906....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014227]
T. l. Strand, 1906b: 617 (Dmf).

m lancinans Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014228]
T. l. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 447, pl. 19, f. 21-22 (Dm).

mf laqueata L. Koch, 1872....................Japan to South Pacific Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014229]
T. l. L. Koch, 1872a: 190, pl. 16, f. 5 (Dmf).
T. l. Okuma, 1979b: 3, f. 1-10 (mf).
T. l. Okuma, 1980: 75, f. 1-11 (mf).
T. l. Yaginuma, 1986a: 133, f. 70.8 (m).
T. l. Okuma, 1988c: 193, f. 8A-H (mf).
T. l. Tanikawa, 2009: 416, f. 103-106 (m).

mf latro Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014230]
T. l. Tullgren, 1910: 148, pl. 3, f. 70 (Dmf).
T. l. Okuma, 1984: 90, f. 3A-J (mf).

mf lauta Yaginuma, 1959....................Hong Kong, Korea, Laos, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014231]
T. l. Yaginuma, 1959b: 11, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
T. l. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 53, f. 37.1-2 (mf).
T. l. Yaginuma, 1986a: 131, f. 70.6 (m).
T. l. Okuma, 1988c: 200, f. 14A-K (mf).
T. l. Chikuni, 1989b: 93, f. 11 (m).
T. l. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 66, f. 17, 41, 64, 75-76 (mf).
T. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 126D, M, 127R-U (mf).
T. l. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 152, f. 77A-G, 78A-G (mf).
T. l. Tanikawa, 2007c: 108, f. 403, 868-869 (m).
T. l. Tanikawa, 2009: 416, f. 110-111 (m).

f lea Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014232]
T. l. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 178, pl. 15, f. 407 (Df).
T. l. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 67, f. 65 (f).

mf lena Gillespie, 2003....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038605]
T. l. Gillespie, 2003a: 13, f. 17-31, 65 (Dmf).

mf lepida Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014233]
T. l. Rainbow, 1916a: 81, pl. 21, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

m levii Okuma, 1992....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014234]
T. l. Okuma, 1992: 231: f. 12A-H (Dm).

m lewisi Chickering, 1962....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014235]
T. l. Chickering, 1962: 439, f. 41-48 (Dm).

mf limu Gillespie, 2003....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038606]
T. l. Gillespie, 2003a: 11, f. 2-16, 64 (Dmf).

f linearis Nicolet, 1849....................Colombia, Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014236]
T. l. Nicolet, 1849: 517 (Df).
T. l. Keyserling, 1865: 853, pl. 21, f. 23 (Dm).

f lineatula Roewer, 1942....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014237]
Limoxera lineata Thorell, 1890a: 224 (Df; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1862a sub Tetragnatha).
T. lineata Simon, 1905c: 61.
T. l. Roewer, 1942a: 982 (replacement name).

f linyphioides Karsch, 1878....................Mozambique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014238]
T. l. Karsch, 1878a: 317, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).

m llavaca Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014239]
T. l. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 497, f. 306a-i (Dm).

m longidens Mello-Leitão, 1945....................Argentina, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014240]
T. l. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 244, f. 22-23 (Dm).
T. soaresi Camargo, 1950b: 240, pl. I, f. 3-4, pl. IV, f. 6-8 (Dm).
T. l. Camargo, 1953: 312 (S).

mf luculenta Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014241]
T. l. Simon, 1907d: 269 (Dmf).

m luteocincta Simon, 1908....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014242]
T. l. Simon, 1908d: 420 (Dm).
T. l. Dalmas, 1917a: 367, f. 33 (m).

m mabelae Chickering, 1957....................Panama, Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014243]
T. m. Chickering, 1957d: 330, f. 60-64 (Dm).
T. m. Okuma, 1992: 233, f. 13A-H (m).

mf macilenta L. Koch, 1872....................Norfolk Is. to Society Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014244]
T. m. L. Koch, 1872a: 192, pl. 16, f. 6, pl. 17, f. 1 (Dmf).
T. m. Berland, 1929b: 60, f. 45-51 (mf).
T. huahinensis Berland, 1942: 19, f. 8a-d (Df).
T. m. Chrysanthus, 1975: 10, f. 30-38 (mf).
T. m. Okuma, 1987: 63, f. 16A-J (mf).
T. m. Gillespie, 2003c: 165, f. 58-78 (mf, S).

mf macracantha Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014245]
T. m. Gillespie, 1992a: 188, f. 42-54, 157 (Dmf).
T. m. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

f macrops Simon, 1907....................Principe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014246]
T. m. Simon, 1907d: 271 (Df).

m maeandrata Simon, 1908....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014247]
T. m. Simon, 1908d: 421 (Dm).

?? major Holmberg, 1876....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014248]
T. m. Holmberg, 1876: 16 (D).

mf maka Gillespie, 1994....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014249]
T. m. Gillespie, 1994: 163, f. 1-15 (Dmf).

mf makiharai Okuma, 1977....................Russia, Japan, Ryukyu Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014250]
T. m. Okuma, 1977: 27, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
T. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 133, f. 71.1 (m).
T. m. Okuma, 1988b: 172, f. 4A-K (mf).
T. m. Kurenshchikov, 1994: 61, f. 12-16 (m).
T. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 106, f. 381-383, 839-842 (m).
T. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 414, f. 73-76 (m).

mf mandibulata Walckenaer, 1841....................West Africa, Bangladesh to Philippines, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014251]
T. m. Walckenaer, 1841: 211 (Dmf).
T. minax Blackwall, 1877: 20, pl. 2, f. 14 (Dmf).
T. minatoria Simon, 1877b: 83 (Dm).
T. leptognatha Thorell, 1877b: 441 (Df).
T. m. Pocock, 1900a: 215, f. 67 (mf).
T. m. Simon, 1900a: 468, pl. 19, f. 7 (mf).
T. m. Gravely, 1921b: 429, 441 f. 1d, 3d-e (mf).
T. m. Roewer, 1938: 51, f. 37-38 (mf).
T. m. Chrysanthus, 1963: 733, f. 24-26, 36-39 (mf).
T. graciliventris Schenkel, 1963: 125, f. 74a-f (Dm).
T. m. Okuma, 1968a: 40, f. 1-8 (f).
T. m. Okuma, 1968b: 101, f. 6A-G (m).
T. m. Yin, 1976: 124, pl. IV.1-12 (mf).
T. m. Song, 1980: 123, f. 64a-h (mf).
T. m. Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 34, f. 2B, 5A (m).
T. m. Hu, 1984: 146, f. 149.1-10 (mf).
T. m. Okuma, 1983: 70, f. 2A-L (mf).
T. m. Okuma, 1987: 85, f. 32A-J (mf).
T. m. Okuma, 1988c: 204, f. 17A-J (mf).
T. m. Chen & Gao, 1990: 81, f. 102a-e (mf).
T. m. Vungsilabutr, 1988: 71, f. 5A-I (mf).
T. m. Okuma et al., 1993: 39, f. 35A-G (mf).
T. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 326, f. 1718-1722, 1735-1737 (mf).
T. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 516, f. 317a-e, 318a-h (mf).
T. m. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1996b: 56, f. 38-45 (f).
T. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 126N, 127V-Y (m).
T. m. Zhu et al., 2002: 81, f. 5A-N (mf).
T. m. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 25, f. 12 (m).
T. m. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 154, f. 79A-G, 80A-G (mf, S).
T. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 108, f. 404-405, 870-873 (m).
T. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 419, f. 112-115 (m).
T. m. Yin et al., 2012: 458, f. 208a-k, 3-13a (mf).

mf maralba Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014252]
T. m. Roberts, 1983: 250, f. 114-123 (Dmf).

m margaritata L. Koch, 1872....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014253]
T. m. L. Koch, 1872a: 172, pl. 14, f. 3 (Dm).

mf marginata (Thorell, 1890)....................Myanmar to New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014254]
Limoxera m. Thorell, 1890a: 230 (Df).
T. m. Gravely, 1921b: 430.

mf marquesiana Berland, 1935....................Marquesas Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014255]
T. m. Berland, 1935: 58, f. 42-46 (Dmf).
T. m. Gillespie, 2003b: 66, f. 2-16, 72 (mf).

mf martinicensis Dierkens, 2011....................Martinique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043804]
T. m. Dierkens, 2011a: 37, f. 3a-c, 6, 7a-b, 8-9, 10a-b (Dmf).

f mawambina Strand, 1913....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014256]
T. m. Strand, 1913a: 356 (Df).

mf maxillosa Thorell, 1895....................South Africa, Bangladesh to Philippines, New Hebrides [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014257]
T. m. Thorell, 1895: 139 (Df).
T. japonica Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 177, pl. 15, f. 409 (Dmf).
T. m. insignita Strand, 1911d: 138 (Df).
T. m. Gravely, 1921b: 430 (Dm).
T. listeri Gravely, 1921b: 443, f. 4c-d (Dmf).
T. conformans Chamberlin, 1924a: 9, pl. 2, f. 13-15 (Dmf).
T. japonica Saito 1933b: 46, pl. 3, f. 21.
T. propioides Schenkel, 1936b: 89, f. 31 (Dmf).
T. japonica Saito 1939: 57, f. 9 (1) (mf).
T. japonica Saito, 1959: 118, f. 143a-d (f).
T. japonica Lee, 1966: 57, f. 20a-d (f).
T. japonica Okuma, 1968b: 100, f. 3A-G (m).
T. m. Chrysanthus, 1975: 8, f. 14-21 (mf, S).
T. cliens Yin, 1976: 122, pl. V.1-12 (mf).
T. japonica Yin, 1976: 122, pl. VI.1-12 (mf).
T. japonica Song et al., 1976: 38, f. 3A-I (m).
T. japonica Paik & Namkung, 1979: 52, f. 36 (f).
T. japonica Song, 1980: 118, f. 61a-k (mf).
T. m. Okuma, 1983: 72, f. 3A-J (mf, S).
T. japonica Zhu, 1983: 39 (S).
T. cliens Hu, 1984: 141, f. 144.1-6 (mf).
T. japonica Hu, 1984: 143, f. 146-147 (mf).
T. cliens Guo, 1985: 83, f. 2-32.1-5 (mf).
T. japonica Guo, 1985: 86, f. 2-34.1-9 (mf).
T. japonica Zhu et al., 1985: 90, f. 78a-f (m).
T. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 130, f. 70.2 (m).
T. m. Okuma, 1987: 83, f. 30A-J (mf).
T. m. Song, 1987: 184, f. 143 (m).
T. m. Zhang, 1987: 95, f. 77.1-7 (mf).
T. m. Okuma, 1988c: 206, f. 18A-J (mf).
T. m. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 231, f. 8A-J (mf).
T. m. Song, 1988: 124, f. 2A-E (m).
T. m. Chikuni, 1989b: 95, f. 18 (m).
T. m. Hu & Wu, 1989: 113, f. 88.1-7 (mf).
T. m. Feng, 1990: 106, f. 81.1-10 (mf).
T. m. Chen & Gao, 1990: 81, f. 103a-e (mf).
T. m. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 125, f. 119.1-12 (mf).
T. m. Vungsilabutr, 1988: 73, f. 7A-I (mf).
T. m. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 868, f. 30A-F (m).
T. m. Okuma et al., 1993: 37, f. 33A-G (mf).
T. diensens Zhao, 1993: 267, f. 128a-d (mf, lapsus for T. cliens).
T. m. Zhao, 1993: 273, f. 131a-f (m).
T. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 326, f. 1724-1726, 1731-1734 (mf).
T. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 509, f. 313a-f, 314a-i (mf).
T. m. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1710, f. 8a-f (m).
T. m. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 67, f. 18, 42, 66, 77-78 (mf).
T. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 221, f. 126O, 128A-D (m).
T. m. Hu, 2001: 598, f. 407.1-6 (mf).
T. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 171, f. 100A-J (m).
T. m. Zhu et al., 2002: 84, f. 6A-N (mf).
T. m. Namkung, 2002: 215, f. 18.2a-d (mf).
T. m. Kim & Cho, 2002: 319, f. 883-888 (f).
T. m. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 153, f. 81A-G, 82A-G (mf).
T. m. Namkung, 2003: 217, f. 18.2a-d (mf).
T. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 110, f. 406-409, 874-877 (m).
T. m. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 38, f. 13, 20, 20.1-2 (mf).
T. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 419, f. 116-119 (m).
T. m. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 179, f. 123A-G, 124A-G (mf).
T. m. Yin et al., 2012: 459, f. 209a-g (mf).

f mengsongica Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039272]
T. m. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 161, f. 83A-G (Df).

f mertoni Strand, 1911....................Aru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014258]
T. m. Strand, 1911d: 137, pl. 5, f. 45 (Df).

mf mexicana Keyserling, 1865....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014259]
T. m. Keyserling, 1865: 854 (Df).
T. longa O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 9, pl. 2, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
T. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 434, pl. 41, f. 8-9 (mf).
T. apheles Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 64, pl. 17, f. 151-153 (Dm).
T. m. Chickering, 1957d: 333, f. 65-70 (mf, S).
T. m. Okuma, 1992: 234, f. 14A-I (m).

mf micrura Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea, Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014260]
T. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 450, pl. 19, f. 25-26, 28 (Dm).
T. m. Chrysanthus, 1975: 6, f. 8-13 (m).
T. m. Okuma, 1987: 59, f. 13A-L (mf).

m minitabunda O. P.-Cambridge, 1872....................Syria, Lebanon, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014261]
T. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 296 (Dm).

f modica Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014263]
T. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 449, pl. 19, f. 23 (Df).

m mohihi Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014264]
T. m. Gillespie, 1992a: 205, f. 142-152, 165 (Dm).

mf montana Simon, 1874....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014265]
T. extensa Menge, 1866: 90, pl. 15, f. 26 (mf, misidentified).
T. m. Simon, 1874a: 157, pl. 2, f. 16 (Dmf).
T. extensa deserticola Lendl, 1886: 140, pl. 1, f. 7-8, pl. 3, f. 36-40, pl. 4, f. 41-43, pl. 5, f. 56 (Dmf).
T. extensa montana Lendl, 1886: 144, pl. 4, f. 44-47, 53, pl. 5, f. 55 (Dmf).
T. solandri Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 145, pl. 6, f. 5 (mf, misidentified).
T. m. Bösenberg, 1901: 58, pl. 4, f. 54 (mf).
T. solandri Kulczyn'ski, 1903b: 647, pl. 1, f. 12 (m).
T. m. Simon, 1929: 648, 749, f. 1000-1001, 1004 (mf).
T. m. Wiehle, 1939: 376, f. 7-9, 24-26, 37, 45, 52-53 (mf).
T. solandri Tullgren, 1947: 144, f. 45-54 (mf).
T. m. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 41, f. 14A-D (m).
T. m. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 102, f. 64C, F, 67B, 68B, 69A, E (mf).
T. m. Wiehle, 1963a: 23, f. 31-41 (mf).
T. solandri Azheganova, 1968: 94, f. 208-211, 223 (mf).
T. solandri Palmgren, 1974a: 51, f. 22i-j, 23e, 24e, 25e-f (mf).
T. m. Roberts, 1985: 199, f. 88c, 89c (mf).
T. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 60, f. 127 (mf).
T. m. Kurenshchikov, 1994: 61, f. 63-65 (f).
T. m. Roberts, 1995: 303, f. (mf).
T. m. Mcheidze, 1997: 288, f. 659-661 (m).
T. m. Yoward, 1998: 10, f. 1 (f).
T. m. Roberts, 1998: 317, f. (mf).
T. m. Almquist, 2005: 124, f. 140a-i (mf).
T. m. Wunderlich, 2011: 214, f. 37-42 (mf).

m montana timorensis Schenkel, 1944....................Timor [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014266]
T. m. t. Schenkel, 1944: 178, f. 3 (Dm).

mf monticola Okuma, 1987....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014267]
T. m. Okuma, 1987: 72, f. 22A-K (Dmf).

mf moua Gillespie, 2003....................Tahiti [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038607]
T. m. Gillespie, 2003c: 163, f. 18-32, 80 (Dmf).

f moulmeinensis Gravely, 1921....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014268]
T. m. Gravely, 1921b: 439, f. 2 (Df).

f multipunctata Urquhart, 1891....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014269]
T. m. Urquhart, 1891a: 176 (Df).

mf nana Okuma, 1987....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014270]
T. n. Okuma, 1987: 68, f. 20A-K (Dmf).

f nandan Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038608]
T. n. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 163, f. 84A-G (Df).

m necatoria Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014271]
T. n. Tullgren, 1910: 149, pl. 3, f. 72 (Dm).

f nepaeformis Doleschall, 1859....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014272]
T. n. Doleschall, 1859: 46, pl. 16, f. 1 (Df).

mf nero Butler, 1876....................Rodriguez [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014273]
T. n. Butler, 1876b: 442, pl. 52, f. 3 (Dmf).

mf netrix Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014274]
T. n. Simon, 1900a: 468, pl. 19, f. 6 (Dmf).
T. n. Okuma, 1988d: 80, f. 4A-P (mf).

f nigricans Dalmas, 1917....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014275]
T. n. Dalmas, 1917a: 368 (Df).

mf nigrigularis Simon, 1898....................Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014276]
T. n. Simon, 1898d: 377 (Df).
T. n. Benoit, 1978f: 663, f. 1A-C (Dm).
T. nigricularis Saaristo, 2003: 26, f. 24, 28 (mf, lapsus).
T. n. Saaristo, 2010: 238, f. 36.30, 34 (mf).

mf nigrita Lendl, 1886....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014277]
T. n. Lendl, 1886: 134, pl. 1, f. 5-6, pl. 3, f. 27-28 (Dmf).
T. n. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 144, pl. 6, f. 8 (mf).
T. n. Bösenberg, 1901: 60, pl. 4, f. 57 (mf).
T. n. Kulczyn'ski, 1903b: 647, pl. 1, f. 13-14 (m).
T. n. Lessert, 1910b: 291, f. 156-158 (mf).
T. cliens Chamberlin, 1924a: 12, pl. 3, f. 21-23 (Dm; not f, =T. maxillosa).
T. n. Simon, 1929: 649, 750, f. 1002-1003 (mf).
T. n. Schenkel, 1936b: 92, f. 32 (f).
T. n. Wiehle, 1939: 376, f. 5-6, 27-29, 39, 46, 56-57 (mf).
T. n. Tullgren, 1947: 147, f. 55-62 (mf).
T. n. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 104, f. 64E, 65A, 67C, 68E-F, 69F (mf).
T. n. Wiehle, 1963a: 28, f. 44-51 (mf).
T. n. Palmgren, 1974a: 46, f. 23g, 25h-i (f).
T. n. Ono, 1975a: 16, f. 5-7 (m).
T. n. Roberts, 1985: 199, f. 88f, 89f (mf).
T. n. Song, 1988: 126, f. 5A-C (m, S).
T. n. Chen & Gao, 1990: 82, f. 104a-e (mf).
T. n. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 132, f. 125.1-12 (mf).
T. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 60, f. 128 (mf).
T. n. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 868, f. 31A-C (m).
T. n. Roberts, 1995: 304, f. (mf).
T. n. Roberts, 1998: 318, f. (mf).
T. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 222, f. 126L, P, 128E-F (m).
T. n. Almquist, 2005: 135, f. 141a-h (mf).
T. n. Wunderlich, 2011: 214, f. 47-49 (mf).

mf niokolona Roewer, 1961....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014278]
T. n. Roewer, 1961b: 57, f. 17a-g (Dmf).

mf nitens (Audouin, 1826)....................Cosmotropical [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014279]
Eugnatha n. Audouin, 1826: 323, pl. 2, f. 2 (Df).
Eugnatha pelusia Audouin, 1826: 325, pl. 2, f. 3 (Dmf).
T. gracilis Lucas, 1838: 43, pl. 6, f. 8 (Df).
T. n. Walckenaer, 1841: 209.
T. pelusia Walckenaer, 1841: 210.
T. deinognatha Walckenaer, 1841: 478 (Dm).
Deinagnatha dandridgei White, 1846: 180, pl. 2, f. 5 (Dm).
T. n. Keyserling, 1865: 845, pl. 21, f. 1-4 (mf).
T. ferox L. Koch, 1872a: 173, pl. 14, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
T. gulosa L. Koch, 1872a: 176, pl. 14, f. 6, pl. 15, f. 1 (Dmf).
T. molesta O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 295 (Dm).
T. ejuncida Simon, 1874a: 160 (Dm).
T. andina Taczanowski, 1878b: 144, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dmf).
T. typica Urquhart, 1890c: 251, pl. 17, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
T. antillana Simon, 1897d: 868 (Dmf).
T. vicina Simon, 1897d: 869 (Dm).
T. peninsulana Banks, 1898b: 246, pl. 15, f. 12 (Dmf).
T. n. Simon, 1929: 646, 748, f. 994-995 (mf).
T. galapagoensis Banks, 1902c: 61, pl. 1, f. 10 (Dmf).
T. antillana F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 433, pl. 41, f. 5-6 (mf).
T. ferox crossae Hogg, 1911: 300, f. 92 (Dmf).
T. aptans Chamberlin, 1920b: 41, pl. 4, f. 7-8 (Dm).
T. eremita Chamberlin, 1924b: 645, f. 89-90 (Dm).
T. antillana Seeley, 1928: 105, pl. 1, f. 1-4 (mf).
T. antillana Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 281, f. 141-147 (mf).
Cyrtognatha producta Franganillo, 1930: 17 (D; N.B.: omitted by Roewer, S per Bonnet, 1959: 4318, footnote 43).
T. seminola Gertsch, 1936a: 10, f. 22-23 (Dm).
T. steckleri Gertsch & Ivie, 1936: 19, f. 31-33 (Dmf).
T. elmora Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 62, f. 160 (Df).
T. festina Bryant, 1945a: 407, f. 38-41 (Dm; f=T. tenuissima).
T. haitiensis Bryant, 1945a: 408, f. 37 (Df).
T. n. Parrott, 1946: 82 (S).
T. antillana Chickering, 1957b: 2, 12-13 (S).
T. antillana Chickering, 1957d: 306, f. 1-6 (mf, S).
T. antillana Bücherl, 1959: 293, f. 14-18 (m).
T. antillana Chickering, 1962: 428, f. 1-6 (mf).
T. n. Wiehle, 1962: 377, f. 6a, 7-8, 12-13 (m).
T. nitens kullmanni Wiehle, 1962: 379, f. 1-5, 6b, 9-11, 14-15 (Dmf).
T. hotingchiehi Schenkel, 1963: 127, f. 75a-e (Dm).
T. n. Okuma, 1968a: 40, f. 9-16 (f).
T. n. Okuma, 1968b: 102, f. 7A-E (m).
T. n. Yin, 1976: 123, pl. VIII.1-12 (mf).
T. n. Song et al., 1976: 39, f. 4A-H (m).
T. n. Song, 1980: 122, f. 63a-h (mf).
T. n. Levi, 1981a: 291, f. 23-34, pl. 5a-b (mf, S).
T. n. Okuma, 1983: 75, f.4A-L (mf).
T. n. Hu, 1984: 146, f. 150-151 (mf).
T. n. Guo, 1985: 89, f. 2-36.1-7 (mf).
T. n. Yaginuma, 1986a: 135, f. 72.1 (m).
T. n. Okuma, 1987: 84, f. 31A-I (mf).
T. n. Song, 1987: 185, f. 144 (m, S).
T. n. Zhang, 1987: 96, f. 78.1-6 (mf).
T. n. Okuma, 1988c: 207, f. 19A-K (mf).
T. n. Davies, 1988b: 282, f. 8 (mf).
T. n. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 231, f. 9A-K (mf).
T. n. Feng, 1990: 107, f. 82.1-11 (mf).
T. n. Chen & Gao, 1990: 83, f. 105a-e (mf).
T. n. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 127, f. 121.1-13 (mf).
T. n. Vungsilabutr, 1988: 72, f. 6A-I (mf).
T. n. Okuma, 1992: 235, f. 15A-L (mf).
T. n. Wunderlich, 1992a: 365, f. 341-344 (mf, S).
T. fuerteventurensis Wunderlich, 1992a: 363, f. 333-340 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014182].
T. n. Okuma et al., 1993: 45, f. 41A-G (mf).
T. n. Zhao, 1993: 276, f. 132a-c (m).
T. n. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 324, f. 1715-1717, 1742-1744 (mf).
T. n. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 518, f. 319a-f, 320a-i (mf).
T. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 222, f. 126Q-R, 128G-H (m).
T. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 172, f. 101A-H (m).
T. n. Zhu et al., 2002: 84, f. 7A-N (mf).
T. n. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 25, f. 13 (m).
T. n. Namkung, 2002: 218, f. 18.5a-d (mf).
T. n. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 164, f. 85A-G, 86A-G (mf).
T. n. Namkung, 2003: 220, f. 18.5a-d (mf).
T. n. Tanikawa, 2007c: 111, f. 412-414, 881-884 (m).
T. n. Kim, Kim & Li, 2008: 44, f. 23, 23.1-2 (mf).
T. n. Tanikawa, 2009: 419, f. 123-126 (m).
T. n. Wunderlich, 2011: 210, f. 16-29 (mf, S).
T. n. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 181, f. 125A-G, 126A-G (mf).
T. n. Yin et al., 2012: 461, f. 210a-i (mf).

mf nitidiuscula Simon, 1907....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014280]
T. n. Simon, 1907d: 268 (Dmf).

mf nitidiventris Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014281]
T. n. Simon, 1907d: 274 (Dmf).

f notophilla Boeris, 1889....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014282]
T. n. Boeris, 1889: 129 (Df).

m noumeensis Berland, 1924....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014283]
T. n. Berland, 1924a: 207, f. 96-103 (Dm).

mf novia Simon, 1901....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014284]
T. n. Simon, 1901k: 55 (Dmf).

f nubica Denis, 1955....................Niger [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014285]
T. n. Denis, 1955b: 130, f. 32-36 (Df).

mf obscura Gillespie, 2002....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037653]
T. o. Gillespie, 2002: 169, f. 62-76, 81 (Dmf).

mf obscuriceps Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014286]
T. o. Caporiacco, 1940c: 811, f. 23 (Dmf).

mf obtusa C. L. Koch, 1837....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014287]
T. o. C. L. Koch, 1837b: 5 (D).
T. epeirides Walckenaer, 1841: 223 (Df).
T. gibbosa Walckenaer, 1847b: 64 (Df).
T. o. Westring, 1861: 86 (Df).
T. o. Menge, 1866: 93, pl. 15, f. 27 (mf).
T. o. Thorell, 1873: 459.
T. chrysochlora Simon, 1874a: 161, pl. 2, f. 17 (mf, misidentified).
T. o. Lendl, 1886: 148, pl. 1, f. 10, pl. 4, f. 48-50, pl. 5, f. 54 (f).
T. o. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 145, pl. 6, f. 10 (mf).
T. chrysochlora Becker, 1896: 64, pl. 14, f. 2 (mf, misidentified).
T. o. Bösenberg, 1901: 60, pl. 4, f. 56 (mf).
T. o. Kulczyn'ski, 1903b: 648, pl. 1, f. 16-17 (m).
T. o. Lessert, 1910b: 295, f. 162-163 (mf).
T. o. Simon, 1929: 648, 769, f. 996 (mf).
T. o. Wiehle, 1939: 376, f. 10-11, 20-23, 38, 44, 54-55, 60 (mf).
T. o. Tullgren, 1947: 138, f. 25-31 (mf).
T. o. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 104, f. 64G, 65B, 66B, 67D, 68D, 69D (mf).
T. o. Wiehle, 1963a: 37, f. 52-64 (mf).
T. o. Miller, 1971: 198, pl. XXXVI, f. 16-19 (mf).
T. o. Palmgren, 1974a: 49, f. 22h, 23f, 24d, 25g (mf).
T. o. Roberts, 1985: 199, f. 88d, 89d (mf).
T. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 62, f. 129 (mf).
T. o. Hansen, 1991: 11, f. 6-7 (f).
T. o. Roberts, 1995: 304, f. (mf).
T. o. Roberts, 1998: 318, f. (mf).
T. o. Almquist, 2005: 126, f. 142a-h (mf).
T. o. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 177, f. 19D (m).
T. o. Wunderlich, 2011: 214, f. 50-53 (mf).

f obtusa corsica Simon, 1929....................Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014288]
T. o. c. Simon, 1929: 650, 750 (Df).
T. o. c. Wunderlich, 2011: 210, f. 43-46 (f).

f oculata Denis, 1955....................Niger [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014291]
T. o. Denis, 1955b: 132, f. 37-39 (Df).

m okumae Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014292]
T. o. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 505, f. 311a-p (Dm).

f olindana Karsch, 1880....................Polynesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014293]
T. o. Karsch, 1880a: 81 (Df).

m oomua Gillespie, 2003....................Marquesas Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038609]
T. o. Gillespie, 2003b: 69, f. 33-37 (Dm).

f oreobia Okuma, 1987....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014294]
T. o. Okuma, 1987: 51, f. 8A-F (Df).

mf orizaba (Banks, 1898)....................Mexico, Cuba, Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014295]
Eugnatha o. Banks, 1898b: 248, pl. 15, f. 16 (Dmf).
T. o. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 436.
T. o. Seeley, 1928: 130, pl. 3, f. 36-39 (mf).
T. o. Bryant, 1940: 366, f. 135 (m).
T. o. Chickering, 1962: 442, f. 49-55 (mf).

mf oubatchensis Berland, 1924....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014296]
T. o. Berland, 1924a: 207, f. 91-95 (Dmf).
T. o. Bigot, 1992: 114, f. 1a-b (m).

mf palikea Gillespie, 2003....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038610]
T. p. Gillespie, 2003a: 15, f. 32-47, 66 (Dmf).

mf pallescens F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903....................North, Central America, West Indies [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014297]
T. pallida Banks, 1892a: 51, pl. 5, f. 88 (Dm; preoccupied).
Eugnatha pallida McCook, 1894: 265, pl. 25, f. 10-11 (m, Df).
T. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 436 (replacememt name).
T. bidens F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 434, pl. 41, f. 7 (Dm).
Eugnatha pallidula Banks, 1910: 36 (superfluous replacement name).
Eugnatha p. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 340.
T. pallidula Comstock, 1912: 415, f. 423b (mf).
T. p. Seeley, 1928: 131, pl. 3, f. 40-43 (mf).
T. p. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 274, f. 131-137 (mf).
T. p. Chickering, 1957d: 336, f. 71-75 (mf).
T. p. Chickering, 1959: 487, f. 31-35 (mf).
T. p. Chickering, 1962: 444, f. 56-61 (mf).
T. p. Levi, 1981a: 308, f. 129-139, pl. 7a (mf).
T. p. Okuma, 1992: 236, f. 16A-J (mf).
T. p. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 208, f. 2335-2338 (mf).
T. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 64, f. 70-78 (mf).
T. p. Dierkens, 2011a: 37, f. 2, 5 (m).

mf pallida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889....................Costa Rica, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014298]
T. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 10, pl. 2, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
T. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 435, pl. 41, f. 12-13 (mf).
T. p. Chickering, 1957d: 338, f. 76-80 (mf).
T. p. Okuma, 1992: 236, f. 17A-K (mf).

mf paludicola Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014299]
T. p. Gillespie, 1992b: 14, f. 71-84, 90-91 (Dmf).

mf paludis Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014300]
T. p. Caporiacco, 1940c: 808, f. 21 (Dmf).

mf panopea L. Koch, 1872....................Macronesia, Polynesia, Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014301]
T. p. L. Koch, 1872a: 189, pl. 16, f. 3-4 (Dmf).

mf papuana Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014302]
T. p. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 446, pl. 19, f. 20, 24 (Dm).
T. p. Chrysanthus, 1975: 10, f. 22-29 (m, Df).
T. p. Okuma, 1987: 82, f. 29A-I (m).

f paradisea Pocock, 1901....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014303]
T. p. Pocock, 1901d: 479 (Df).

mf paradoxa Okuma, 1992....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014304]
T. p. Okuma, 1992: 238, f. 18A-G, 19A-E (Dmf).

f paraguayensis (Mello-Leitão, 1939)....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014305]
Eucta p. Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 66, f. 41 (Df).

f parva Badcock, 1932....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014306]
T. p. Badcock, 1932: 14 (Df).

mf parvula Thorell, 1891....................Nicobar Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014307]
T. p. Thorell, 1891: 41 (Dmf).

f paschae Berland, 1924....................Easter Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014308]
T. p. Berland, 1924b: 421, f. 1-2 (Df).

mf perkinsi Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014309]
T. p. Simon, 1900a: 470, pl. 19, f. 5 (Dmf).
T. p. Okuma, 1988d: 81, f. 5A-L, 6A-I (mf).

mf perreirai Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014310]
T. p. Gillespie, 1992a: 196, f. 95-108, 162 (Dmf).
T. p. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

mf peruviana Taczanowski, 1878....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014311]
T. p. Taczanowski, 1878b: 142, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dmf).

mf petrunkevitchi Caporiacco, 1947....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014312]
T. p. Caporiacco, 1947a: 24 (Dmf).
T. petrunkewitchi Caporiacco, 1948a: 646, f. 51-53 (m).

mf phaeodactyla Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014313]
T. p. Kulczyn'ski, 1911d: 115, pl. 4, f. 4-6 (Dmf).
T. p. Okuma, 1987: 41, f. 2A-K (mf).

mf pilosa Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014314]
T. p. Gillespie, 1992a: 198, f. 109-122, 163 (Dmf).
T. p. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

mf pinicola L. Koch, 1870....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014315]
T. p. L. Koch, 1870: 11 (Dmf).
Eugnatha picta Lendl, 1886: 129, pl. 1, f. 3-4, pl. 2, f. 16-18, pl. 5, f. 59 (Dmf).
T. p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 144, pl. 6, f. 13 (mf).
T. p. Bösenberg, 1901: 61, pl. 4-5, f. 58 (mf).
T. p. Kulczyn'ski, 1903b: 647, pl. 1, f. 15 (m).
T. p. Lessert, 1910b: 291, f. 153-155 (mf).
T. p. Wiehle, 1939: 376, f. 3-4, 17-19, 40, 43, 50-51 (mf).
T. p. Tullgren, 1947: 130, f. 5-6, 12-15, 18, 21-22 (mf).
T. p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 102, f. 64D, 67E, 68C, 69C (mf).
T. p. Saito, 1959: 118, f. 145a-d (m).
T. p. Wiehle, 1963a: 18, f. 20-30 (mf).
T. p. Azheganova, 1968: 94, f. 201-202, 212, 221 (mf).
T. p. Palmgren, 1974a: 48, f. 22d-f, 23c, 24b, 25c (mf).
T. p. Punda, 1975b: 50, f. 96-100 (m).
T. p. Hu, 1984: 147, f. 152.1-3 (f).
T. p. Roberts, 1985: 198, f. 88b, 89b (mf).
T. p. Zhu et al., 1985: 92, f. 80a-f (m).
T. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 131, f. 70.5 (m).
T. p. Okuma, 1988b: 179, f. 9A-K (mf).
T. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 93, f. 12 (m).
T. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 60, f. 125 (mf).
T. p. Kurenshchikov, 1994: 61, f. 32-38 (mf).
T. p. Roberts, 1995: 303, f. (mf).
T. p. Mcheidze, 1997: 289, f. 668-672 (mf).
T. p. Roberts, 1998: 317, f. (mf).
T. p. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 69, f. 19, 43, 67, 79-80 (mf).
T. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 222, f. 126F, S, 128I-L (mf).
T. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 173, f. 102A-J (m).
T. p. Zhu et al., 2002: 88, f. 8A-N (mf).
T. p. Namkung, 2002: 217, f. 18.4a-b (mf).
T. p. Kim & Cho, 2002: 320, f. 889-894 (m).
T. p. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 168, f. 87A-G, 88A-G (mf).
T. p. Namkung, 2003: 219, f. 18.4a-b (mf).
T. p. Almquist, 2005: 137, f. 143a-i (mf).
T. p. Tanikawa, 2007c: 108, f. 390, 852-854 (m).
T. p. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 39, f. 14, 22, 22.1 (mf).
T. p. Tanikawa, 2009: 416, f. 90-92 (m).
T. p. Marusik, 2010c: 199, f. 7-8, 12-13 (m).
T. p. Wunderlich, 2011: 214, f. 33-36 (mf).
T. p. Russell-Smith, 2011c: 23, f. 1B, 2B (mf).
T. p. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 183, f. 127A-G, 128A-G (mf).

mf piscatoria Simon, 1897....................West Indies [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014316]
T. p. Simon, 1897d: 869 (Dmf).
T. p. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 285, f. 148-153 (mf).
T. p. Franganillo, 1936c: 90, f. 44-45 (m).

m planata Karsch, 1891....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014317]
T. p. Karsch, 1891: 287 (Dm).

f plena Chamberlin, 1924....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014318]
T. p. Chamberlin, 1924a: 11, pl. 3, f. 18 (Df).
T. p. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 171, f. 89A-G (f).

mf polychromata Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014319]
T. p. Gillespie, 1992a: 182, f. 16-28, 154 (Dmf).
T. p. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

mf praedonia L. Koch, 1878....................Russia, China, Laos, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014321]
T. p. L. Koch, 1878c: 744, pl. 15, f. 6-9 (Dmf).
T. p. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 177, pl. 3, f. 7, pl. 15, f. 404 (mf).
T. p. Saito, 1933b: 47, pl. 3, f. 22.
T. p. Saito, 1939: 58, f. 7 (2) (mf).
T. nigrita niccensis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 179 (Df).
T. p. Saito, 1959: 118, f. 144a-h (mf).
T. p. Yin, 1976: 121, pl. IV.1-11 (mf).
T. p. Hikichi, 1977: 154, f. 44 (f).
T. p. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 53, f. 38.1-2 (mf).
T. p. Song, 1980: 120, f. 62a-i (mf).
T. p. Ono, 1981c: 5, f. 3-7 (f, S).
T. p. Hu, 1984: 148, f. 153-154 (mf).
T. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 130, f. 70.1 (m).
T. p. Zhang, 1987: 98, f. 80.1-8 (mf).
T. p. Okuma, 1988b: 174, f. 6A-L (mf).
T. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 95, f. 17 (m).
T. p. Feng, 1990: 109, f. 84.1-10 (mf).
T. p. Chen & Gao, 1990: 85, f. 106a-e (mf).
T. p. Logunov, 1992e: 63, f. 8 (f).
T. p. Kurenshchikov, 1994: 61, f. 17-24 (mf).
T. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 326, f. 1727-1730, 1739-1741 (mf).
T. p. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 70, f. 20, 44, 68, 81-82 (mf).
T. p. Hu, 2001: 599, f. 408.1-9 (mf).
T. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 175, f. 103A-L (m).
T. p. Zhu et al., 2002: 88, f. 9A-N (mf).
T. p. Namkung, 2002: 214, f. 18.1a-d (mf).
T. p. Kim & Cho, 2002: 320, f. 895-900 (f).
T. p. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 175, f. 90A-G, 91A-G (mf).
T. p. Namkung, 2003: 216, f. 18.1a-d (mf).
T. p. Tanikawa, 2007c: 106, f. 384-385, 843-845 (m).
T. p. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 39, f. 15, 19, 19.1-3 (mf).
T. p. Tanikawa, 2009: 414, f. 81-83 (m).
T. p. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 185, f. 129A-G, 130A-G (mf).
T. p. Yin et al., 2012: 463, f. 211a-k (mf).

mf priamus Okuma, 1987....................Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014322]
T. p. Okuma, 1987: 52, f. 9A-M (Dmf).

mf protensa Walckenaer, 1841....................Madagascar to Australia, New Caledonia, Palau [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014323]
T. p. Walckenaer, 1841: 209 (Df).
T. p. Vinson, 1863: 250, 316, pl. 12, f. 4 (f, Dm).
T. p. Keyserling, 1865: 847, pl. 21, f. 14-17 (m).
T. conica L. Koch, 1872a: 182, pl. 15, f. 4 (Df; N.B.: primary junior homonym).
T. conica Keyserling, 1887a: 222, pl. 20, f. 4 (Dm).

mf puella Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar, Sumatra, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014324]
T. p. Thorell, 1895: 143 (Dmf).

mf pulchella Thorell, 1877....................Sumatra, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014325]
T. p. Thorell, 1877b: 438 (Dmf).

mf punua Gillespie, 2003....................Marquesas Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038611]
T. p. Gillespie, 2003b: 67, f. 17-32, 73 (Dmf).

mf qiuae Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038612]
T. q. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 176, f. 92A-G, 93A-G (Dmf).

f quadrinotata Urquhart, 1893....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014326]
T. q. Urquhart, 1893b: 113 (Df).

mf quasimodo Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014327]
T. q. Gillespie, 1992a: 200, f. 123-136, 166-169 (Dmf).
T. q. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

f quechua Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014328]
T. q. Chamberlin, 1916: 240, pl. 18, f. 4 (Dm).

mf radiata Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014329]
T. r. Chrysanthus, 1975: 15, f. 54-61 (Dmf).
T. r. Okuma, 1987: 70, f. 21A-M (mf).

mf ramboi Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014330]
T. r. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 193, f. 24, 24a-b (Dmf).

mf rava Gillespie, 2003....................Tahiti [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038613]
T. r. Gillespie, 2003c: 160, f. 2-17, 79 (Dmf).

mf reimoseri (Rosca, 1939)....................Central, Eastern Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014332]
Eucta r. Rosca, 1939: 91, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
Eucta kaestneri Crome, 1954: 426, f. 1-3, 6, 8, 10-48 (Dmf).
Eucta kaestneri Wiehle, 1963a: 55, f. 90-98 (mf).
Eucta kaestneri Vasiliu, 1968: 25, f. 1-5 (f).
T. kaestneri Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 58, f. 123 (mf).
T. r. Blick, Sammorey & Martin, 1993: 29 (S).
T. r. Roberts, 1998: 319, f. (mf).

f reni Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038614]
T. r. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 179, f. 94A-G (Df).

mf restricta Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014333]
T. r. Simon, 1900a: 473, pl. 19, f. 10 (Dmf).
T. r. Okuma, 1988d: 83, f. 7A-Q (mf).
T. r. Gillespie, 1992a: 203, f. 137-144, 164 (mf).
T. r. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

m retinens Chamberlin, 1924....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014334]
T. r. Chamberlin, 1924a: 11, pl. 3, f. 19-20 (Dm).
T. r. Song, 1988: 126, f. 4A-D (m).
T. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 222, f. 126T, 128T-V (m).

f rimandoi Barrion, 1998....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037654]
T. r. Barrion, 1998b: 156, f. 1-10 (Df).

j rimitarae Strand, 1911....................Polynesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014335]
T. r. Strand, 1911b: 205 (Dj).

?? riparia Holmberg, 1876....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014336]
T. r. Holmberg, 1876: 16 (D).

mf riveti Berland, 1913....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014337]
T. r. Berland, 1913b: 90, pl. 8, f. 24-30 (Dmf).

m roeweri Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014338]
T. r. Caporiacco, 1949a: 348, f. 16a-b (Dm).

f rossi Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014339]
T. r. Chrysanthus, 1975: 15, f. 45-47 (Df).

f rouxi (Berland, 1924)....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014340]
Eucta r. Berland, 1924a: 209, f. 104-107 (Df).

mf rubriventris Doleschall, 1857....................New Guinea, Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014341]
T. r. Doleschall, 1857: 410 (Df).
T. lupata L. Koch, 1872a: 170, 178, pl. 15, f. 2 (Dmf).
Eugnatha r. Keyserling, 1887a: 225.
T. r. Simon, 1894a: 718, f. 794-796 (m).
T. r. Chrysanthus, 1963: 735, f. 27-29, 40-43 (mf).
T. r. Okuma, 1987: 40, f. 1A-K (mf).

mf scopus Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014342]
T. s. Chamberlin, 1916: 239, pl. 18, f. 1 (Dmf).

mf serra Doleschall, 1857....................Thailand to Hong Kong, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014343]
T. s. Doleschall, 1857: 408 (Dm).
T. s. Doleschall, 1859: pl. 8, f. 5 (m).
T. s. Thorell, 1878b: 111 (Df).
T. s. Merian, 1911: 182, f. Q-T.
T. s. Okuma, 1987: 75, f. 24A-F (f).
T. s. Okuma, 1988c: 203, f. 16A-F (f).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 223, f. 126E, 128Q (f).
T. s. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 180, f. 95A-F (f).

?? shanghaiensis Strand, 1907....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014344]
T. s. Strand, 1907k: 150 (D).

mf shinanoensis Okuma & Chikuni, 1978....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014345]
T. s. Okuma & Chikuni, 1978: 1, f. 1-13 (Dmf).
T. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 133, f. 71.3 (m).
T. s. Okuma, 1988b: 176, f. 7A-J (mf).
T. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 94, f. 13 (m).
T. s. Tanikawa, 2007c: 106, f. 386, 846-848 (m).
T. s. Tanikawa, 2009: 414, f. 84-86 (m).

mf shoshone Levi, 1981....................USA, Canada, Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014346]
T. s. Levi, 1981a: 312, f. 158-166, pl. 7e-f (Dmf).
T. s. Uhl et al., 1992: 249, f. 1-39 (mf).
T. s. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 209, f. 2339-2342 (mf).
T. s. Dondale et al., 2003: 69, f. 88-96 (mf).
T. s. Almquist, 2005: 128, f. 144a-h (mf).
T. s. Hajdamowicz, 2009: 171, f. 4-6 (m).

mf sidama Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014347]
T. s. Caporiacco, 1940c: 809, f. 22 (Dmf).

mf signata Okuma, 1987....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014348]
T. s. Okuma, 1987: 72, f. 23A-K (Dmf).

mf similis Nicolet, 1849....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014349]
T. s. Nicolet, 1849: 518, pl. 4, f. 6 (Df).
T. s. Keyserling, 1865: 840, pl. 20, f. 21-23 (f, Dm).

mf simintina Roewer, 1961....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014350]
T. s. Roewer, 1961b: 59, f. 18a-g (Dmf).

m sinuosa Chickering, 1957....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014351]
T. s. Chickering, 1957d: 340, f. 81-86 (Dm).
T. s. Okuma, 1992: 240, f. 20A-I (m).

m sobrina Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014352]
T. s. Simon, 1900a: 471, pl. 19, f. 8 (Dm).

f sociella Chamberlin, 1924....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038344]
T. s. Chamberlin, 1924a: 10, pl. 3, f. 17 (Df).
T. praedonia Song, 1988: 123, f. 1A-B (S, rejected).
T. s. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 181, f. 96A-G (removed f from S).

mf squamata Karsch, 1879....................Russia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014353]
T. s. Karsch, 1879g: 65, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dmf).
T. s. Strand, 1918: 95, pl. 2, f. 5 (m).
T. s. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 176, pl. 3, f. 5, pl. 15, f. 405 (mf).
T. s. Saito, 1934a: 338, f. 9 (mf).
T. s. Saito, 1934b: 333, pl. 15, f. 69 (f).
T. recurva Schenkel, 1936b: 85, f. 29 (Dmf).
T. s. Saito, 1939: 59, f. 7 (3) (mf).
T. s. Saito, 1959: 118, f. 146a-g (mf).
T. s. Lee, 1966: 57, f. 20e-g (m).
T. s. Yin, 1976: 124, pl. X.1-11 (mf).
T. s. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 55, f. 40.1-2 (mf).
T. s. Song, 1980: 126, f. 66a-g (mf).
T. s. Hu, 1984: 150, f. 156.1-8 (mf).
T. s. Guo, 1985: 92, f. 2-38.1-7 (mf).
T. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 135, f. 71.7 (m).
T. s. Zhang, 1987: 100, f. 81.1-6 (mf).
T. recurva Hu & Li, 1987b: 269, f. 14.1-7 (mf).
T. s. Okuma, 1988c: 188, f. 5A-K (mf).
T. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 94, f. 14 (m).
T. sguamata Feng, 1990: 108, f. 83.1-8 (mf).
T. s. Chen & Gao, 1990: 85, f. 107a-e (mf).
T. s. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 130, f. 123.1-11 (mf).
T. s. Zhao, 1993: 293, f. 135a-c (mf).
T. recurva Kurenshchikov, 1994: 61, f. 50-58 (mf).
T. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 324, f. 1704-1706, 1711-1712 (mf).
T. s. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 72, f. 21, 45, 69, 83-84 (mf).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 223, f. 126U, 128R-S, W (m).
T. recurva Hu, 2001: 600, f. 409.1-7 (mf).
T. s. Zhu et al., 2002: 94, f. 10A-N (mf).
T. s. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 26, f. 16 (m).
T. s. Namkung, 2002: 220, f. 18.7a-c (mf).
T. s. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 183, f. 97A-G, 98A-G (mf, S).
T. s. Namkung, 2003: 222, f. 18.7a-c (mf).
T. s. Tanikawa, 2007c: 108, f. 396-398, 859-860 (m).
T. s. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 40, f. 16, 25, 25.1-2 (mf).
T. s. Tanikawa, 2009: 416, f. 97-98 (m).
T. s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 187, f. 131A-G, 132A-G (mf).
T. s. Yin et al., 2012: 465, f. 212a-g, 3-18h-i (mf).

mf stelarobusta Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014354]
T. s. Gillespie, 1992b: 12, f. 57-70, 88-89 (Dmf).

m stellarum Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014355]
T. s. Chrysanthus, 1975: 17, f. 68-71 (Dm).

f sternalis Nicolet, 1849....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014356]
T. s. Nicolet, 1849: 519 (Df).

m stimulifera Simon, 1907....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014357]
T. s. Simon, 1907d: 273 (Dm).

mf straminea Emerton, 1884....................USA, Canada, Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014358]
T. s. Emerton, 1884: 335, pl. 39, f. 15, 17, 20-21 (Dmf).
Eugnatha s. Banks, 1893a: 132.
T. s. Emerton, 1902: 204, f. 464, 468 (mf).
T. s. Comstock, 1912: 414, f. 423a, 427 (mf).
T. s. Seeley, 1928: 136, pl. 4, f. 49-54 (mf).
T. s. Kaston, 1948: 271, f. 855-856, 868-871 (m).
T. s. Chickering, 1959: 494, f. 41-46 (mf).
T. s. Levi, 1981a: 312, f. 149-157, pl. 7d (mf).
T. s. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 209, f. 2343-2346 (mf).
T. s. Dondale et al., 2003: 67, f. 79-87 (mf).

mf strandi Lessert, 1915....................East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014359]
T. s. Lessert, 1915a: 15, pl. 1, f. 5, 9-11, 16-17 (Dmf).

f strandi melanogaster Schmidt & Krause, 1993....................Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014360]
T. s. m. Schmidt & Krause, 1993b: 7 (Df).

mf streichi Strand, 1907....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014361]
T. s. Strand, 1907k: 152, f. 9 (Dmf).

mf striata L. Koch, 1862....................Europe to Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014362]
T. s. L. Koch, 1862: 79 (Dmf).
T. s. Keyserling, 1865: 838, pl. 20, f. 11-15 (mf).
Eugnatha s. Simon, 1881a: 3.
Eugnatha s. Lendl, 1886: 126, pl. 1, f. 9, pl. 2, f. 19-25, pl. 5, f. 58 (mf).
Eugnatha s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 146, pl. 6, f. 14 (mf).
Eugnatha s. Fedotov, 1912a: 77, f. 25-26 (mf).
Eugnatha s. Wiehle, 1939: 378, f. 12-13, 30-34, 41, 47, 58-59 (mf).
Eugnatha s. Tullgren, 1947: 149, f. 63-67 (mf).
Eugnatha s. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 106, f. 70A-E (mf).
Eugnatha s. Mikulska, Dembin'ska & Piatkowska, 1962: 6, f. 5-9 (m).
Arundognatha s. Wiehle, 1963a: 47, f. 75-88 (Tmf from Tetragnatha).
Eugnatha s. Azheganova, 1968: 91, f. 196, 213-314, 218-219 (mf).
Arundognatha s. Miller, 1971: 198, pl. XXXVI, f. 2, 4 (f).
Arundognatha s. Palmgren, 1974a: 51, f. 22k, 24f, 25j-k (mf).
T. s. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 61.
T. s. Roberts, 1985: 199, f. 88e, 89e (mf).
T. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 60, f. 126 (mf).
T. s. Roberts, 1995: 305, f. (mf).
T. s. Roberts, 1998: 319, f. (mf).
T. s. Almquist, 2005: 129, f. 145a-i (mf).

f subclavigera Strand, 1907....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014363]
T. s. Strand, 1907a: 531 (Df).
T. s. Strand, 1907n: 595 (Df).

m subesakii Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038615]
T. s. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 187, f. 100A-G (Dm).

f subextensa Petrunkevitch, 1930....................Jamaica, Puerto Rico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014364]
T. s. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 290, f. 156-158 (Dm).
T. s. Chickering, 1962: 445, f. 62-65 (f).

mf subsquamata Okuma, 1985....................Tanzania, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014365]
T. s. Okuma, 1985: 41, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
T. s. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 231, f. 10A-K (mf).

f suoan Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038616]
T. s. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 188, f. 101A-G (Df).

mf sutherlandi Gravely, 1921....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014366]
T. s. Gravely, 1921b: 444, f. 5a-b (Dmf).

mf tahuata Gillespie, 2003....................Marquesas Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038617]
T. t. Gillespie, 2003b: 73, f. 57-71 (Dmf).

mf tanigawai Okuma, 1988....................Ryukyu Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014367]
T. t. Okuma, 1988a: 73, f. 3A-M (Dmf).
T. t. Okuma, 1988c: 184, f. 2A-M (mf).
T. t. Tanikawa, 2007c: 108, f. 391-393, 855-856 (m).
T. t. Tanikawa, 2009: 416, f. 93-94 (m).

mf tantalus Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014368]
T. t. Gillespie, 1992a: 179, f. 3-15, 153 (Dmf).
T. t. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

f taylori O. P.-Cambridge, 1890....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014369]
T. t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1890b: 627, pl. 53, f. 7 (Df).

mf tenera Thorell, 1881....................India, Sri Lanka, Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014370]
T. t. Thorell, 1881: 136 (Dm).
T. t. Leardi, 1902a: 353 (Df).

mf tenuis O. P.-Cambridge, 1889....................Guatemala to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014371]
T. t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 8, pl. 1, f. 11-12 (Dmf).
T. t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 432, pl. 41, f. 1-2 (mf).
T. t. Chickering, 1957d: 342, f. 87-89 (f).

mf tenuissima O. P.-Cambridge, 1889....................Mexico, West Indies to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014372]
T. t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 9, pl. 3, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
T. t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 432, pl. 40, f. 16-17 (mf).
T. t. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 279, f. 138-140 (f).
T. t. Bryant, 1940: 367, f. 134 (m).
T. festina Bryant, 1945a: 407, f. 38-41 (Df; m=T. nitens).
T. t. Chickering, 1957b: 12-13 (S).
T. t. Chickering, 1957d: 344, f. 90-96 (mf).
T. t. Chickering, 1962: 447, f. 66-70 (mf).
T. t. Okuma, 1992: 240, f. 21A-L (mf).

mf tincochacae Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014373]
T. t. Chamberlin, 1916: 238, pl. 18, f. 2-3 (Dmf).

mf tipula (Simon, 1894)....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014374]
Limoxera t. Simon, 1894a: 724 (Dmf).
T. t. Simon, 1903e: 78.

m tonkina Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014375]
T. t. Simon, 1909e: 102 (Dm).

f torrensis Schmidt & Piepho, 1994....................Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014376]
T. t. Schmidt & Piepho, in Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 87, f. 3-4 (Df).

mf trichodes Thorell, 1878....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014377]
T. t. Thorell, 1878b: 115 (Dmf).

m tristani Banks, 1909....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014379]
T. t. Banks, 1909a: 207, pl. 6, f. 46 (Dm).
T. t. Chickering, 1957a: 2, f. 1-5 (m).

mf trituberculata Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014380]
T. t. Gillespie, 1992b: 2, f. 1-14, 85 (Dmf).

mf tropica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014381]
T. t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 11, pl. 2, f. 3 (Df).
T. t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 431, pl. 40, f. 10-11 (mf).
T. siduo Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 63, pl. 17, f. 148-150 (Dmf).
T. amplidens Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 65, pl. 17, f. 147 (Df).
T. t. Chickering, 1957d: 347, f. 97-102 (mf, S).

mf tuamoaa Gillespie, 2003....................Society Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038618]
T. t. Gillespie, 2003c: 164, f. 33-88, 81 (Dmf).

m tullgreni Lessert, 1915....................Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014382]
T. t. Lessert, 1915a: 18, pl. 1, f. 24-26 (Dm).
T. t. Okuma, 1984: 91, f. 4A-H (m).

mf uluhe Gillespie, 2003....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038619]
T. u. Gillespie, 2003a: 17, f. 48-63, 67 (Dmf).

mf uncifera Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014383]
T. u. Simon, 1900a: 474, pl. 19, f. 2 (Dmf).
T. u. Okuma, 1988d: 84, f. 8A-R (mf).

mf unicornis Tullgren, 1910....................East, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014384]
T. u. Tullgren, 1910: 149, pl. 3, f. 71 (Dmf).
T. u. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 222, f. 2A-K (mf).

mf valida Keyserling, 1887....................Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014385]
T. v. Keyserling, 1887a: 218, pl. 20, f. 1 (Dmf).
T. v. Hickman, 1967: 55, f. 94-98 (mf).
T. v. Okuma, 1987: 79, f. 27A-L (mf).

mf vermiformis Emerton, 1884....................Canada to Panama, Southern Africa to Japan, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014386]
T. v. Emerton, 1884: 333, pl. 39, f. 12-14 (Dmf).
Eugnatha v. McCook, 1894: 264, pl. 25, f. 9 (mf).
Eucta v. Simon, 1894a: 725.
T. v. Emerton, 1909: 201, pl. 5, f. 5 (mf).
T. mackenziei Gravely, 1921b: 438, f. 1a-g (Dmf).
T. v. Seeley, 1928: 138, pl. 4, f. 55-58 (mf).
T. v. Kaston, 1948: 272, f. 877-878 (m).
T. v. Chickering, 1957d: 349, f. 103-108 (mf).
T. v. Chickering, 1959: 495, f. 47-52 (mf).
T. shikokiana Yaginuma, 1960: append. 5, pl. 35, f. 194, f. 70.9-10, 101L (Dmf).
T. mackenziei Okuma, 1968b: 101, f. 5A-F (m).
T. shikokiana Song et al., 1976: 38, f. 1, 2A-H (m).
T. shikokiana Paik & Namkung, 1979: 54, f. 39.1-2 (f).
T. shikokiana Song, 1980: 125, f. 65a-i (mf).
T. v. Levi, 1981a: 316, f. 176-184, pl. 7i (mf).
T. coreana Seo & Paik, 1981: 88, f. 1-7 (Df).
T. v. Okuma, 1983: 77, f. 5A-K (mf, S).
T. shikokiana Hu, 1984: 149, f. 155.1-6 (mf).
T. shikokiana Guo, 1985: 91, f. 2-37.1-6 (mf).
T. shikokiana Zhu et al., 1985: 96, f. 83a-g (m).
T. v. Yaginuma, 1986a: 131, f. 70.4 (m).
T. v. Song, 1987: 187, f. 146 (m).
T. v. Zhang, 1987: 101, f. 82.1-8 (mf).
T. v. Okuma, 1988c: 192, f. 7A-K (mf).
T. v. Okuma & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 222, f. 3A-K (mf).
T. v. Chikuni, 1989b: 96, f. 20 (m).
T. v. Hu & Wu, 1989: 116, f. 89.1-5 (mf).
T. v. Feng, 1990: 110, f. 85.1-7 (mf).
T. v. Chen & Gao, 1990: 86, f. 108a-e (mf).
T. v. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 129, f. 122.1-8 (m).
T. v. Vungsilabutr, 1988: 69, f. 3A-H (mf).
T. v. Okuma et al., 1993: 40, f. 36A-G (mf).
T. v. Zhao, 1993: 286, f. 134a-d (m).
T. v. Kurenshchikov, 1994: 63, f. 39-42 (f).
T. v. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 503, f. 309a-d, 310a-h (mf).
T. coreana Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 64, f. 15, 62, 72 (f).
T. v. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 74, f. 22, 46, 85-86 (m).
T. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 223, f. 126V, 128X-Y (m).
T. coreana Hu, 2001: 597, f. 406.1-4 (f).
T. v. Hu, 2001: 601, f. 410.1-6 (mf).
T. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 178, f. 105A-H (m).
T. v. Zhu et al., 2002: 94, f. 11A-O (mf).
T. v. Namkung, 2002: 219, f. 18.6a-c (mf).
T. v. Dondale et al., 2003: 62, f. 61-69 (mf).
T. v. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 189, f. 102A-H, 103A-G (mf, S).
T. v. Namkung, 2003: 221, f. 18.6a-c (mf).
T. v. Tanikawa, 2007c: 108, f. 399-400, 861-864 (m).
T. v. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 40, f. 17, 24, 24.1-2 (mf).
T. v. Tanikawa, 2009: 416, f. 99-102 (m).
T. v. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 189, f. 133A-H, 134A-G (mf).
T. v. Yin et al., 2012: 467, f. 213a-k (mf).

mf versicolor Walckenaer, 1841....................North, Central America, Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014388]
T. v. Walckenaer, 1841: 208 (Df).
T. trapezoides Walckenaer, 1841: 218 (Df).
T. casula Walckenaer, 1841: 219 (Df).
T. convexa Banks, 1898b: 247, pl 15, f. 10 (Dm).
T. dentigera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 431, pl. 40, f. 14 (Df).
T. limnocharis Seeley, 1928: 129, pl. 3, f. 32-35 (Dmf).
T. munda Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1929: 103, pl. 4, f. 41-45 (Dmf).
T. marianna Archer, 1940: 20, pl. I, f. 1 (Dm).
T. v. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 113 (removed from S of T. extensa, S).
T. v. Chickering, 1957a: 1 (S).
T. v. Chickering, 1957b: 12, f. 10-11 (m, S).
T. v. Chickering, 1959: 497, f. 53-57 (mf).
T. v. Levi, 1981a: 302, f. 90-109, pl. 6a-f (mf, S).
T. v. Hormiga, Eberhard & Coddington, 1995: 326, f. 7C-E (m).
T. v. Griswold et al., 1998: 61, f. 10B (m).
T. v. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 209, f. 2347-2350 (mf).
T. v. Dondale et al., 2003: 76, f. 115-125 (mf).
T. v. Dimitrov, Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2007: 764, f. 6A-D, 11E-F (f).
T. v. Álvarez-Padilla et al., 2009: 141, f. 6a-d, 7a-c, f-h. 9a, c (mf).
T. v. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 796, f. 109A-F, 110A-F, 111A-F, 112A-F, 113A-D (mf).

mf virescens Okuma, 1979....................Bangladesh, Sri Lanka to Indonesia, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014389]
T. v. Okuma, 1979a: 73, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
T. v. Okuma, 1988c: 194, f. 9A-K (mf).
T. v. Vungsilabutr, 1988: 70, f. 4A-I (mf).
T. v. Okuma et al., 1993: 41, f. 37A-G (mf).
T. v. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 324, f. 1707-1710, 1713-1714 (mf).
T. v. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 302, f. 307a-e, 308a-i (mf).
T. v. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 193, f. 104A-G, 105A-G (mf).

mf viridis Walckenaer, 1841....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014390]
T. v. Walckenaer, 1841: 216 (Df).
T. pinicola Emerton, 1915a: 139, pl. 1, f. 7 (Dm; preoccupied).
T. pinea Seeley, 1928: 133, pl. 2, f. 21-24 (mf, replacement name).
T. pinea Archer, 1941b: 10, pl. I, f. 2 (m).
T. v. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 113 (S).
T. v. Levi, 1981a: 304, f. 110-119, pl. 6g (mf).
T. v. Dondale et al., 2003: 78, f. 124-133 (mf).

mf viridorufa Gravely, 1921....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014391]
T. v. Gravely, 1921a: 411 (Dmf).
T. v. Gravely, 1921b: 434, 445, f. 6a-b (mf).
T. v. Jose et al., 2004: 182, f. 1-19 (mf).

m visenda Chickering, 1957....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014392]
T. v. Chickering, 1957b: 7, f. 6-9 (Dm).
T. v. Chickering, 1962: 448, f. 71-76 (m).

mf waikamoi Gillespie, 1992....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014393]
T. w. Gillespie, 1992a: 191, f. 55-67, 158 (Dmf).
T. w. Gillespie, 1993: 523, f. 2 (m).

m yalom Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea, Bismarck Arch., Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036929]
T. y. Chrysanthus, 1975: 18, f. 72-75 (Dm).
T. y. Okuma, 1987: 54, f. 10A-G (m).

mf yesoensis Saito, 1934....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014394]
T. y. Saito, 1934b: 334, pl. 13, f. 25, pl. 15, f. 70 (Dm).
T. y. Saito, 1959: 119, f. 147a-f (m).
T. y. Yaginuma, 1986a: 135, f. 71.6 (m).
T. y. Okuma, 1988c: 185, f. 3A-K (mf).
T. y. Okuma, 1989: 53, f. 2B (m).
T. y. Chikuni, 1989b: 94, f. 15 (m).
T. y. Logunov, 1992e: 63, f. 8 (mf).
T. y. Kurenshchikov, 1994: 63, f. 43-49 (mf).
T. y. Chang, Gao & Guan, 1995: 45, f. 2 (m).
T. y. Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 73, f. 23, 47, 87-88 (m).
T. y. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 26, f. 15 (m).
T. y. Namkung, 2002: 221, f. 18.8a-d (mf).
T. y. Namkung, 2003: 223, f. 18.8a-d (mf).
T. y. Tanikawa, 2007c: 108, f. 394-395, 857-858 (m).
T. y. Kim, Kim & Lee, 2008: 41, f. 18, 26, 26.1-3 (mf).
T. y. Tanikawa, 2009: 416, f. 95-96 (m).

m yinae Zhao & Peng, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043319]
T. y. Zhao & Peng, 2010: 8, f. 2a-e (Dm).

f yongquiang Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038620]
T. y. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 196, f. 106A-H (Df).

m zangherii (Caporiacco, 1926)....................Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014395]
Eucta z. Caporiacco, 1926: 238 (Dm; possibly a linyphiid, per Wunderlich, 2011: 210).

m zhangfu Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038621]
T. z. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 197, f. 107A-H (Dm).

m zhaoi Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038622]
T. z. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 199, f. 108A-I (Dm).

mf zhaoya Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038623]
T. z. Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 200, f. 109A-H, 110A-G (Dmf).