The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THOMISIDAE

Gen. Thomisus Walckenaer, 1805 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02777]

Transferred to other genera:
T. cherapunjeus Tikader, 1966 -- see Runcinia.
T. citreus georgiensis Walckenaer, 1837 -- see Misumena.
T. claveatus Walckenaer, 1837 -- see Heriaeus.
T. grubei Simon, 1895 -- see Misumena.
T. phrygiatus Walckenaer, 1837 -- see Misumena.

In synonymy:
T. alboirroratus Simon, 1907 = T. blandus Karsch, 1880 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 13).
T. amanicus Strand, 1907 = T. scrupeus (Simon, 1886) (Comellini, 1957: 26).
T. anthobioides Lawrence, 1942 = T. dalmasi Lessert, 1919 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 33).
T. anthobioides mongbwalensis Comellini, 1957 = T. dalmasi Lessert, 1919 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 33).
T. anthobius Pocock, 1898 = T. blandus Karsch, 1880 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 13).
T. anthobius alboirroratus Simon, 1907 = T. blandus Karsch, 1880 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 13).
T. caffer Simon, 1904 = T. scrupeus (Simon, 1886) (Comellini, 1957: 26).
T. citrinellus decoratus Millot, 1941 = T. citrinellus Simon, 1875 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 22).
T. citrinellus maculitibiis Caporiacco, 1947 = T. citrinellus Simon, 1875 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 22).
T. citrinellus obscurior Caporiacco, 1941 = T. citrinellus Simon, 1875 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 22).
T. citrinellus simoni Caporiacco, 1941 = T. citrinellus Simon, 1875 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 22).
T. dalmasoides Millot, 1941 = T. dalmasi Lessert, 1919 (Comellini, 1957: 10).
T. dottrensi Comellini, 1957 = T. spiculosus Pocock, 1901 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 11).
T. drakensbergensis Comellini, 1959 = T. australis Comellini, 1957 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 30).
T. formosae Strand, 1907 = T. okinawensis Strand, 1907 (Ono, 1988c: 203).
T. gabonensis Comellini, 1957 = T. albertianus Strand, 1913 (Comellini, 1959: 110).
T. hilarulus Simon, 1875 = T. onustus Walckenaer, 1805 (Urones, 1996: 32).
T. kiangsiensis Schenkel, 1963 = T. labefactus Karsch, 1881 (Tang & Song, 1988c: 137).
T. labefactus bimaculatus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 = T. labefactus Karsch, 1881 (Yaginuma, 1962c: 44).
T. lawrencei Roewer, 1951 = T. granulatus Karsch, 1880 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 15).
T. lesnei Lessert, 1936 = T. daradioides Simon, 1890 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 25).
T. lindneri Roewer, 1956 = T. scrupeus (Simon, 1886) (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 17).
T. malevolus O. P.-Cambridge, 1907 = T. blandus Karsch, 1880 (Comellini, 1957: 5, sub T. anthobius).
T. malevolus delesserti Caporiacco, 1941 = T. blandus Karsch, 1880 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 13).
T. malevolus ocellitibiis Caporiacco, 1949 = T. blandus Karsch, 1880 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 13).
T. milloti Lessert, 1943 = T. albertianus Strand, 1913 (Comellini, 1959: 110).
T. mossambicus Comellini, 1957 = T. australis Comellini, 1957 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 30).
T. mossambicus weidneri Comellini, 1957 = T. australis Comellini, 1957 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 30).
T. onustoides Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 = T. labefactus Karsch, 1881 (Ono, 1988c: 196).
T. picaceus Simon, 1909 = T. okinawensis Strand, 1907 (Ono, 1988c: 203).
T. quadrituberculatus Lessert, 1943 = T. scrupeus (Simon, 1886) (Comellini, 1957: 26).
T. sepiosus Lawrence, 1942 = T. daradioides Simon, 1890 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 25, contra Comellini, 1957: 28).
T. serrei Schenkel, 1963 = T. labefactus Karsch, 1881 (Tang & Song, 1988c: 137).
T. sus Strand, 1907 = T. blandus Karsch, 1880 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 13).
T. unicolor Schenkel, 1963 = T. labefactus Karsch, 1881 (Tang & Song, 1988c: 137).
T. urbensis Lawrence, 1942 = T. kalaharinus Lawrence, 1936 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 27).
T. weberi Lessert, 1923 = T. stenningi Pocock, 1900 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 28).

Nomina dubia:
T. albidus O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 56 (j, Yarkand) -- Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 487.
T. albinus Cantor, 1842: 491 (China) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1686.
T. albus (Gmelin, 1789: 2961, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1384.
T. amboinensis Doleschall, 1857: 429 (Amboina) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1687.
T. bicoloratus Cantor, 1842: 491 (China) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1687.
T. borealis Children, 1836: 535 (Canada) -- Gertsch, 1953: 418 (N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
T. conspergatus Walckenaer, 1837: 524 (USA) -- unrecognized by Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 104.
T. cordiformis Risso, 1826: 171 (France) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1688.
T. corona Children, 1836: 535 (Canada) -- Gertsch, 1953: 418 (N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
T. depressus Nicolet, 1849: 396 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1688.
T. dilitatus Doleschall, 1859: 56 (Amboina) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1688.
T. exaratus Walckenaer, 1837: 508 (USA) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1688.
T. farinarius Walckenaer, 1837: 518 (Sulawesi) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1688.
T. flavipes Nicolet, 1849: 395 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1688.
T. foederatus Nicolet, 1849: 403 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1688.
T. graciosus Nicolet, 1849: 402 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1689.
T. hottentotus Strand, 1907a: 538, 1907n: 656 (f, South Africa) -- Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 36.
T. hystrix Nicolet, 1849: 404 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1689.
T. lemniscatus Walckenaer, 1837: 525 (USA) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1689.
T. lenzi Strand, 1907a: 538, 1907n: 654 (f, South Africa) -- Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 36.
T. liliputianus Nicolet, 1849: 393 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1689.
T. luteolus Nicolet, 1849: 402 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1689.
T. marcidus Nicolet, 1849: 402 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1690.
T. marginatus Walckenaer, 1826: 71 (France) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1690.
T. musculus Karsch, 1880: 382 (Malaysia) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1690.
T. pallens Blackwall, 1868: 405 (Bermuda) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1690.
T. phantasma Holmberg, 1876: 27 (Argentina) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1690.
T. pictus Walckenaer, 1837: 530 (USA) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1690.
T. prosper O. P.-Cambridge, 1873: 119 (locality unknown) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1690.
T. pubescens Nicolet, 1849: 398 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1690.
T. purpuratus Walckenaer, 1837: 508 (f, USA) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031493] -- Lehtinen & Marusik, 2008: 195, contra Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 165 (N.B.: designated as the type species of the subgenus Chorizopsis Simon, 1864 by Bonnet, so that name was also considered a nomen dubium by Lehtinen & Marusik, 2008: 195).
T. rugatus Nicolet, 1849: 400 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1691.
T. spectrum Nicolet, 1849: 400 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1691.
T. sphinx Walckenaer, 1837: 535 (Egypt) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1691.
T. sulcatus Nicolet, 1849: 399 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1691.
T. taurinus Schenkel, 1936b: 129, f. 47 (j, China) -- Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 487.
T. togatus Hammerschmidt, 1834: 746 (D, Austria) -- Jantscher & Dunlop, 2002: 13.
T. variabilis Nicolet, 1849: 396 (Chile) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1692 (see also Lehtinen & Marusik, 2008: 186).
T. violaceus (Walckenaer, 1802: 231, France, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1692.

f albens O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Pakistan, Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031402]
T. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 57 (Dj).
T. a. Dyal, 1935: 202 (Df).

mf albertianus Strand, 1913....................Gabon, Congo, Uganda, Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031403]
T. a. Strand, 1913a: 392 (Df).
T. milloti Lessert, 1943: 325, f. 26 (Dm).
T. a. Comellini, 1957: 1, f. 1-2 (f).
T. gabonensis Comellini, 1957: 13, f. 20-21 (Dm).
T. a. Comellini, 1959: 110 (Sm).

m albertianus guineensis Millot, 1942....................Guinea, Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031404]
T. g. Millot, 1942: 48, f. 21C, 22D-F (Dm).
T. a. guinensis Comellini, 1959: 110 (reduced to subspecies).

f albertianus maculatus Comellini, 1959....................Cameroon, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031405]
T. a. m. Comellini, 1959: 112 (Df).

f albertianus verrucosus Comellini, 1957....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031406]
T. a. v. Comellini, 1957: 2 (Df).

mf albohirtus Simon, 1884....................North, East Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031407]
T. a. Simon, 1884k: 13 (Dj).
T. dauensis Strand, 1907h: 108 (f, provisional name only).
T. a. Caporiacco, 1941b: 124, f. 50 (f, Dm).
T. a. Comellini, 1957: 2, f. 3-4 (f).
T. a. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 172, f. 1-4 (mf).

mf amadelphus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031408]
T. a. Simon, 1909e: 134, f. 10-11 (Dmf).

f andamanensis Tikader, 1980....................Andaman Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031409]
T. a. Tikader, 1980a: 39, f. 55-56 (Df).

f angulatulus Roewer, 1951....................Gabon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031410]
T. angulatus Lucas, 1858: 398, pl. 12, f. 2 (Df; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1837).
T. a. Roewer, 1951: 449 (replacement name).

f angustifrons Lucas, 1858....................Gabon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031411]
T. a. Lucas, 1858: 402 (Df).

mf arabicus Simon, 1882....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031412]
T. a. Simon, 1882b: 225, pl. 8, f. 5 (Dmf).
T. a. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 173, f. 5-6 (f).

f armillatus (Thorell, 1891)....................Nicobar Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031413]
Daradius a. Thorell, 1891: 94 (Df).

f ashishi Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040738]
T. a. Gajbe, 2005c: 69, f. 16-18 (Df).

mf australis Comellini, 1957....................Central, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031414]
T. a. Comellini, 1957: 6, f. 9-10 (Dm).
T. mossambicus Comellini, 1957: 20, f. 31-32 (Df).
T. mossambicus weidneri Comellini, 1957: 20, f. 33 (Df).
T. a. Comellini, 1959: 112, f. 1-3 (Df).
T. drakensbergensis Comellini, 1959: 114, f. 6-8 (Df).
T. a. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 30, f. 17a-e (mf, S).
T. a. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 435, f. 6-7 (mf).

f baghdeoi Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041211]
T. b. Gajbe, 2004b: 126, f. 4-6 (Df).

f bargi Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040739]
T. b. Gajbe, 2004a: 114, f. 138-140 (Df).

f beautifularis Basu, 1965....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031415]
T. b. Basu, 1965b: 23, f. 2a-c (Df).
T. b. Tikader, 1971a: 24, f. 8A-C (f).
T. b. Tikader, 1980a: 52, f. 79-81 (f).

m benoiti Comellini, 1959....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031416]
T. b. Comellini, 1959: 112, f. 4-5 (Dm).

f bicolor Walckenaer, 1837....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031417]
T. b. Walckenaer, 1837: 533 (D).
T. b. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 164, f. 24 (Df).

mf bidentatus Kulczyn'ski, 1901....................West Africa to Saudi Arabia, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031418]
T. b. Kulczyn'ski, 1901a: 3, 33, pl. 2, f. 32-34 (Dmf).
T. b. Levy, 1973: 129, f. 47-50 (mf).
T. b. Levy, 1985b: 41, f. 51-54 (mf).
T. b. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1989c: 22, f. 1 (m).
T. b. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 173, f. 7-9 (mf).

f bigibbosus Keyserling, 1881....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031419]
T. b. Keyserling, 1881c: 309, pl. 11, f. 27 (Df, misplaced per Simon, 1895a: 1021).

mf blandus Karsch, 1880....................Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031420]
T. b. Karsch, 1880c: 382, pl. 12, f. 10 (Dm).
T. anthobius Pocock, 1898c: 225, pl. 8, f. 18 (Df).
T. alboirroratus Simon, 1907d: 316 (Df).
T. sus Strand, 1907a: 539 (Dm).
T. sus Strand, 1907n: 658 (Dm).
T. malevolus O. P.-Cambridge, 1908b: 825, pl. 50, f. 32-34 (Df).
T. chubbi Lessert, 1919: 121, pl. 2, f. 29-30 (Dm).
T. malevolus Lessert, 1923: 169, f. 13-15 (f).
T. malevolus Lessert, 1936: 258, f. 52 (m).
T. malevolus delesserti Caporiacco, 1941b: 125 (Dm).
T. malevolus ocellitibiis Caporiacco, 1949a: 457 (Df).
T. anthobius Comellini, 1957: 5, f. 7-8 (f, S).
T. anthobius alboirroratus Comellini, 1957: 6 (reduced to subspecies).
T. sus Comellini, 1957: 30, f. 50-51 (m).
T. b. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 13, f. 7a-d (mf, S).
T. b. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 175, f. 10-12 (mf).

m boesenbergi Lenz, 1891....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031421]
T. b. Lenz, 1891: 165, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dm).
T. b. Comellini, 1957: 8, f. 11 (m).

f bonnieri Simon, 1902....................Oman [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031422]
T. b. Simon, 1902e: 252 (Df).

f bueanus Strand, 1916....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031423]
T. b. Strand, 1916e: 146 (Df).

f bulani Tikader, 1960....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031424]
T. b. Tikader, 1960: 178, f. 5 (Df).
T. b. Tikader, 1971a: 22, f. 8D-F (f).
T. b. Tikader, 1980a: 50, f. 73-75 (f).
T. b. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 77, f. 137-138 (f).

mf callidus (Thorell, 1890)....................Sri Lanka, Singapore, Sumatra, Nias Is., Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031425]
Daradius c. Thorell, 1890b: 61 (Df).
Daradius c. Workman, 1896: 86, pl. 86 (f).
T. c. Simon, 1906c: 292, f. 1C (Dm).

?? cancroides Eydoux & Souleyet, 1841....................Unknown [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031426]
T. c. Eydoux & Souleyet, 1841: 288 (D).

f candidus Blackwall, 1866....................Tropical Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031427]
T. c. Blackwall, 1866: 456 (Df).

mf castaneiceps Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031428]
T. c. Simon, 1909e: 133, f. 8-9 (Dmf).

f cavaleriei Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031429]
T. c. Schenkel, 1963: 190, f. 109a-d (Df).
T. cavalierei Brignoli, 1983c: 616.

mf citrinellus Simon, 1875....................Mediterranean, Africa, Yemen, Socotra, Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031431]
T. spinifer O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 308. pl. 14, f. 14 (Dmf; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1862).
T. c. Simon, 1875a: 253 (Df).
T. spinigerus Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 4578 (unnecessary replacement name).
T. spinifer Simon, 1932: 787, 868, f. 1148 (mf).
T. spinifer Lessert, 1936: 255, f. 49, 51 (f).
T. spinifer simoni Caporiacco, 1941b: 126 (Df).
T. spinifer obscurior Caporiacco, 1941b: 127 (Dm).
T. spinifer Millot, 1942: 45, f. 20A-C, 21A (mf).
T. spinifer decoratus Millot, 1942: 47, f. 21B (Df).
T. spinifer maculitibiis Caporiacco, 1947d: 260 (Df).
T. spinifer obscurior Caporiacco, 1949a: 456 (Df).
T. spinifer simoni Caporiacco, 1949a: 456 (Dm).
T. spinifer Comellini, 1957: 27, f. 46-47 (f).
T. c. Levy, 1973: 127, f. 43-46 (mf).
T. c. Benoit, 1978j: 901, f. 3 (m).
T. c. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 22, f. 13a-e (mf, S).
T. c. Levy, 1985b: 39, f. 47-50 (mf).
T. c. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1989c: 23, f. 2a-b (mf).
T. c. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 177, f. 13-15 (mf).
T. c. Sallam, 2012b: 10, f. 1a-f (mf).

m congoensis Comellini, 1957....................Central, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031432]
T. c. Comellini, 1957: 9, f. 12-13 (Dm).
T. c. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 35, f. 19a-b (m).

mf dalmasi Lessert, 1919....................Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031433]
T. d. Lessert, 1919: 119, f. 10 (Dm).
T. dalmasoides Millot, 1942: 47, f. 21D, 22A-C (Dm).
T. anthobioides Lawrence, 1942: 154, f. 9 (Df).
T. anthobioides mongbwalensis Comellini, 1957: 4, f. 6 (Df).
T. d. Comellini, 1957: 10 (S).
T. d. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 33, f. 18a-d (m, Sf).
T. d. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 435, f. 8-9 (mf).

f danieli Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040740]
T. d. Gajbe, 2004a: 115, f. 141-143 (Df).

mf daradioides Simon, 1890....................South Africa to India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031434]
T. d. Simon, 1890a: 108 (Df).
T. frontinotatus Strand, 1907h: 107 (provisional name only).
T. lesnei Lessert, 1936: 256, f. 50 (Dm).
T. sepiosus Lawrence, 1942: 152, f. 7 (Df).
T. d. Comellini, 1957: 10, f. 14-15 (f).
T. d. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 25, f. 14a-d (f, Sm).
T. d. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 177, f. 16-18 (mf).

j daradioides nigroannulatus Caporiacco, 1947....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031435]
T. d. n. Caporiacco, 1947d: 218 (Dj).

f dartevellei Comellini, 1957....................Congo, Ethiopia, Malawi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031436]
T. d. Comellini, 1957: 10, f. 16-17 (Df).
T. d. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 435, f. 5 (f).

m dentiger (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031437]
Daradius d. Thorell, 1887: 274 (Dm).

mf destefanii Caporiacco, 1941....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031438]
T. d. Caporiacco, 1941b: 127, f. 51 (Dmf).

f dhakuriensis Tikader, 1960....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031439]
T. d. Tikader, 1960: 180, f. 6 (Df).
T. d. Tikader, 1971a: 18, f. 7A-C (f).
T. d. Tikader, 1980a: 42, f. 60-62 (f).
T. d. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 76, f. 134 (f).

f dhananjayi Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040741]
T. d. Gajbe, 2005c: 62, f. 4-6 (Df).

m duriusculus (Thorell, 1877)....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031440]
Pistius d. Thorell, 1877b: 505 (Dm).
Daradius d. Thorell, 1892c: 86, 469.

f dyali Kumari & Mittal, 1997....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031441]
T. d. Kumari & Mittal, 1997: 32, f. 4-6 (Df).

f elongatus Stoliczka, 1869....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031442]
T. e. Stoliczka, 1869: 227, pl. 20, f. 6 (Df).
T. e. Tikader, 1971a: 25, f. 22F-G (Tf from Runcinia per Roewer).
T. e. Tikader, 1980a: 56, f. 84-85 (f).
T. e. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 79, f. 141-142 (f).

m eminulus Tang & Li, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043025]
T. e. Tang & Li, 2010a: 62, f. 50A-D, 51A-B (Dm).

m galeatus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031443]
T. g. Simon, 1909e: 139, f. 16 (Dm).

f ghesquierei Lessert, 1943....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031444]
T. g. Lessert, 1943: 323, f. 23-25 (Df).

mf godavariae Reddy & Patel, 1992....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031445]
T. g. Reddy & Patel, 1992a: 268, f. 1a-h (Dmf).

f gouluensis Peng, Yin & Kim, 2000....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037369]
T. g. Peng, Yin & Kim, 2000b: 74, f. 1-3 (Df).
T. g. Yin et al., 2012: 1300, f. 700a-c (f).

mf granulatus Karsch, 1880....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031446]
T. g. Karsch, 1880c: 382 (Df).
T. g. Lessert, 1923: 173, f. 17-19 (f).
T. hystrix Lawrence, 1947: 25, f. 13a-b (Dm, preoccupied).
T. lawrencei Roewer, 1951: 449 (replacement name).
T. g. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 15, f. 8a-f (mf, S).

mf granulifrons Simon, 1906....................India, Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031447]
T. g. Simon, 1906c: 290, f. 1A (Dmf).

mf guadahyrensis Keyserling, 1880....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031449]
T. g. Keyserling, 1880: 76, pl. 2, f. 39 (Dmf).

mf guangxicus Song & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031450]
T. g. Song & Zhu, 1995: 120, f. 7A-D (Dmf).
T. g. Song & Zhu, 1997: 165, f. 115A-D (mf).
T. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 486, f. 282F, M (mf).

f hararinus Caporiacco, 1947....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031451]
T. h. Caporiacco, 1947d: 217, pl. 2, f. 58 (Df).
T. h. Comellini, 1959: 116, f. 9-10 (f).

m hui Song & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031452]
T. h. Song & Zhu, 1995: 122, f. 8A-B (Dm).
T. h. Song & Zhu, 1997: 166, f. 116A-B (m).
T. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 486, f. 282N (m).
T. h. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 457, f. 328A-B (m).

f hunanensis Peng, Yin & Kim, 2000....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037370]
T. h. Peng, Yin & Kim, 2000b: 75, f. 4-6 (Df).
T. h. Yin et al., 2012: 1301, f. 701a-c (f).

f ilocanus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031453]
T. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 234, f. 135a-g (Df).

f iswadus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031454]
T. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 232, f. 134a-g (Df).

m italongus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031455]
T. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 228, f. 131a-h (Dm).

f janinae Comellini, 1957....................Congo, Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031456]
T. j. Comellini, 1957: 16, f. 27-28 (Df).

mf jocquei Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988....................Malawi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031457]
T. j. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 437, f. 10-13 (Dmf).

f kalaharinus Lawrence, 1936....................Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031458]
T. k. Lawrence, 1936: 153 (Df).
T. urbensis Lawrence, 1942: 153, f. 8 (Df).
T. k. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 27, f. 15a-c (f, S).
T. k. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 179, f. 19-20 (f).

f katrajghatus Tikader, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031459]
T. k. Tikader, 1963e: 258, f. 9a-b (Df).
T. k. Tikader, 1971a: 17, f. 6D-E (f).
T. k. Tikader, 1980a: 38, f. 53-54 (f).
T. k. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 74, f. 131-132 (f).

f keralae Biswas & Roy, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040742]
T. k. Biswas & Roy, 2005c: 41, f. 7-9 (Df).

mf kitamurai Nakatsudi, 1943....................Ryukyu Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031460]
T. k. Nakatsudi, 1943b: 191, f. 6A-B (Dm).
T. k. Ono, 1988c: 200, f. 209-214 (m, Df).
T. k. Ono, 2009a: 531, f. 327-331 (mf).

f kiwuensis Strand, 1913....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031461]
T. k. Strand, 1913a: 391 (Df).

f kokiwadai Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041212]
T. k. Gajbe, 2004b: 127, f. 7-10 (Df).

f krishnae Reddy & Patel, 1992....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031462]
T. k. Reddy & Patel, 1992a: 271, f. 2a-e (Df).

mf labefactus Karsch, 1881....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031463]
T. l. Karsch, 1881c: 38 (Df).
T. l. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 249, pl. 10, f. 167 (f).
T. l. bimaculatus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 250, pl. 13, f. 303 (Df).
T. onustoides Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 251, pl. 10, f. 166 (Dmf).
T. onustoides Strand, 1918: 81, pl. 1, f. 1 (f).
T. onustoides Saito, 1959: 130, f. 168a-c (f).
T. l. Saito, 1959: 131, f. 169a-c (f).
T. l. Yaginuma, 1960: 96, f. 83.3-4 (mf).
T. l. Yaginuma, 1962c: 44 (S).
T. serrei Schenkel, 1963: 187, f. 107a-b (Df).
T. kiangsiensis Schenkel, 1963: 189, f. 108a-c (Df).
T. unicolor Schenkel, 1963: 192, f. 110a-c (Dm).
T. l. Namkung, 1964: 43, f. 40 (f).
T. onustoides Lee, 1966: 67, f. 24i-k (f).
T. l. Yaginuma, 1971: 96, f. 83.3-4 (mf).
T. l. Hu, 1984: 338, f. 353.1-2 (f).
T. onustoides Hu, 1984: 338, f. 354.1-3 (f).
T. l. Guo, 1985: 167, f. 2-95.1-3 (mf).
T. l. Yaginuma, 1986a: 211, f. 117.1 (mf).
T. l. Ono, 1988c: 196, f. 200-208 (mf, S).
T. l. Tang & Song, 1988c: 137 (S).
T. l. Chikuni, 1989b: 142, f. 19 (mf).
T. l. Feng, 1990: 186, f. 161.1-5 (mf).
T. l. Chen & Gao, 1990: 173, f. 219a-b (mf).
T. l. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 279, f. 290.1-3 (mf).
T. l. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 881, f. 54A-C (mf).
T. l. Zhao, 1993: 376, f. 185a-c (mf).
T. l. Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 291, f. 1464-1466 (mf).
T. l. Song & Zhu, 1997: 167, f. 117A-E (mf).
T. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 487, f. 276B, 282G, O (mf).
T. l. Kim & Gwon, 2001: 45, f. 81-84 (mf).
T. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 405, f. 267A-E (mf).
T. l. Namkung, 2002: 538, f. 42.21a-b (mf).
T. l. Namkung, 2003: 541, f. 42.21a-b (mf).
T. l. Ono, 2009a: 531, f. 321-326 (mf).
T. l. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 458, f. 329A-E (mf).
T. l. Yin et al., 2012: 1302, f. 702a-e (mf).

mf laglaizei Simon, 1877....................Myanmar, Philippines, Java, Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031464]
T. l. Simon, 1877b: 65 (Df).
Daradius javanus Thorell, 1890c: 151 (Df).
Daradius javanus Thorell, 1892c: 78 (Dm).
Daradius l. Thorell, 1895: 289 (Dm).
T. javanus Simon, 1905c: 66.
T. l. Sherriffs, 1929: 243 (synonymy, omitted by Roewer).

mf lamperti Strand, 1907....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031465]
T. l. Strand, 1907d: 734 (Dmf).
T. l. Strand, 1907o: 70 (Dmf).

f leucaspis Simon, 1906....................India, New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031466]
T. l. Simon, 1906c: 289 (Df).

j litoris Strand, 1913....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031467]
T. l. Strand, 1913a: 394 (Dj).

f lobosus Tikader, 1965....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031468]
T. l. Tikader, 1965a: 285, f. 9a-b (Df).
T. l. Tikader, 1971a: 17, f. 6M-N (f).
T. l. Tikader, 1980a: 36, f. 51-52 (f).
T. l. Jose & Sebastian, 2001b: 188, f. 3A-B (f).
T. l. Gajbe, 2007: 438, f. 36-37 (f).

f ludhianaensis Kumari & Mittal, 1997....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031469]
T. l. Kumari & Mittal, 1997: 32, f. 1-3 (Df).

m machadoi Comellini, 1959....................Angola, Cape Verde Is., South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031470]
T. m. Comellini, 1959: 117, f. 11-12 (Dm).
T. m. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 36, f. 20a-b (m).

f madagascariensis Comellini, 1957....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031471]
T. m. Comellini, 1957: 17, f. 29-30 (Df).

f madagascariensis pallidus Comellini, 1957....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031472]
T. m. pallida Comellini, 1957: 18 (Df).
T. m. p. Brignoli, 1983c: 617.

f manishae Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040743]
T. m. Gajbe, 2005c: 6y7, f. 13-15 (Df).

f manjuae Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040744]
T. m. Gajbe, 2005c: 64, f. 10-12 (Df).

f marginifrons Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031473]
T. m. Schenkel, 1963: 194, f. 111a-c (Df).

f meenae Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040745]
T. m. Gajbe, 2005c: 60, f. 1-3 (Df).

j melanostethus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031474]
T. m. Simon, 1909e: 140 (Dj).

f mimae Sen & Basu, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031475]
T. m. Sen & Basu, 1963: 515, f. 1a-b (Df).
T. memae Tikader, 1971a: 20, f. 7D-F (f).
T. memae Tikader, 1980a: 43, f. 63-65 (f).

m modestus Blackwall, 1870....................Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031476]
T. m. Blackwall, 1870b: 418 (Dm).

f natalensis Lawrence, 1942....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031477]
T. n. Lawrence, 1942: 156, f. 11 (Df).
T. n. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 19, f. 10a-d (f).

mf nepenthiphilus Fage, 1930....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031478]
T. n. Fage, 1930: 27, f. 3-5 (Dmf).

f nirmali Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2007....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041213]
T. n. Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2007c: 439, f. 1-8 (Df).

f nossibeensis Strand, 1907....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031479]
T. n. Strand, 1907d: 734 (Df).
T. n. Strand, 1907o: 75 (Df).

f obscuratus Caporiacco, 1947....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031480]
T. o. Caporiacco, 1947d: 216, pl. 2, f. 57 (Df).
T. o. Comellini, 1959: 118, f. 13-14 (f).

m obtusesetulosus Roewer, 1961....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031481]
T. o. Roewer, 1961b: 73, f. 27a-e (Dm).
T. obtusesetolosus Brignoli, 1983c: 617.

?? ochraceus Walckenaer, 1841....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031482]
T. o. Walckenaer, 1841: 468 (D).

m odiosus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031483]
T. o. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 271, pl. 34, f. 5 (Dm).

mf okinawensis Strand, 1907....................Thailand to Ryukyu Is., Philippines, Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031484]
T. o. Strand, 1907k: 202 (Df).
T. formosae Strand, 1907k: 204 (Df).
T. picaceus Simon, 1909e: 135, f. 12 (Dmf).
T. o. Ono, 1988c: 203, f. 215-224 (f, Sm).
T. okirawensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 291, f. 1467-1468 (f, lapsus).
T. o. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 229, f. 132a-h, 133a-c (mf).
T. o. Song & Zhu, 1997: 168, f. 118A-J (mf).
T. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 487, f. 282H, P (mf).
T. o. Ono, 2009a: 531, f. 332-338 (mf).

mf onustus Walckenaer, 1805 *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031485]
Aranea cancriformis Martini & Goeze, in Lister, 1778: 264 (D, preoccupied).
T. o. Walckenaer, 1805: 32 (D).
T. abbreviatus Walckenaer, 1826: 76 (D).
T. peronii Audouin, 1826: 395, pl. 6, f. 7-8 (Df).
T. diadema Hahn, 1832: 49, f. 37 (Dmf).
T. diadema Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 30, f. d (f).
T. nobilis C. L. Koch, 1837b: 24.
T. abbreviatus Walckenaer, 1837: 516 (Df).
T. o. Walckenaer, 1837: 517 (Df).
T. diadema C. L. Koch, 1837a: 51, f. 281-282 (mf).
T. sanguinolentus Walckenaer, 1841: 469 (Dm).
T. abbreviatus Blackwall, 1861a: 90, pl. 4, f. 54 (f).
Xystica onusta Simon, 1864: 428.
Phloeoides abbreviata Simon, 1864: 432.
Phloeoides diadema Simon, 1864: 432.
T. auriculatus Prach, 1866: 607 (Df).
T. o. Thorell, 1873: 427.
T. o. Simon, 1875a: 251, pl. 7, f. 1 (mf).
T. hilarulus Simon, 1875a: 252 (Dmf).
T. o. Becker, 1882b: 216, pl. 22, f. 3 (mf).
T. albus Bösenberg, 1902: 339, pl. 32, f. 503 (mf, misidentified).
T. albus Reimoser, 1931b: 128, f. 2 (mf, misidentified).
T. o. Simon, 1932: 788, 868, f. 1149-1150 (mf).
T. hilarulus Simon, 1932: 789, 868, f. 1151 (mf).
T. albus Saito, 1934b: 273, pl. 12, f. 3, pl. 14, f. 35 (f, misidentified).
T. o. Tullgren, 1944: 65, f. 31, pl. 7, f. 115-117 (mf).
T. o. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 170, f. 86, 87A-B, 88E (mf).
T. hilarulus Comellini, 1957: 14, f. 23-26 (mf).
T. albus Saito, 1959: 130, f. 167a-c (f, misidentified).
T. albus Zhu & Wang, 1963c: 483, f. 43 (m, misidentified).
T. o. Mikulska & Wasowska, 1963: 225, f. 3 (f).
T. albus Azheganova, 1968: 119, f. 260-261, 286 (mf, misidentified).
T. o. Levy, 1973: 124, f. 39-42 (mf).
T. o. Hidalgo, 1983: 361, f. 1J (f).
T. o. Roberts, 1985: 98, f. 38b (mf).
T. o. Levy, 1985b: 37, f. 43-46 (mf).
T. albus Zhu et al., 1985: 186, f. 168a-c (f, misidentified).
T. albus Zhang, 1987: 223, f. 195.1-4 (mf, misidentified).
T. albus Hu & Wu, 1989: 340, f. 270.1-4 (mf, misidentified).
T. o. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 35, f. 9 (f).
T. albus Chen & Gao, 1990: 172, f. 218a-b (mf, misidentified).
T. albus Chen & Zhang, 1991: 278, f. 289.1-2 (mf, misidentified).
T. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 478, f. 1254 (mf).
T. o. Herreros, 1991: 216, f. 11B-C (mf).
T. o. Danilov, 1993a: 63, f. 17 (m).
T. albus Zhao, 1993: 374, f. 184a-c (mf, misidentified).
T. o. Baldacchino et al., 1993: 49, f. 6b (m).
T. o. Roberts, 1995: 153, f. (mf).
T. o. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 143, f. 17-18 (m).
T. o. Urones, 1996: 32 (S).
T. o. Mcheidze, 1997: 133, f. 204-206 (mf).
T. o. Song & Zhu, 1997: 170, f. 119A-D (mf).
T. o. Roberts, 1998: 162, f. (mf).
T. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 487, f. 283A, M (mf).
T. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 406, f. 268A-D (mf).
T. o. Namkung, 2002: 539, f. 42.22a-b (mf).
T. o. Namkung, 2003: 542, f. 42.22a-b (mf).
T. hilarulus Ono & Martens, 2005: 123, f. 78-79 (m).
T. o. Lehtinen, 2005a: 150, f. 2, 41 (m).
T. o. Almquist, 2006: 496, f. 421a-g (mf).
T. o. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 179, f. 21-23 (mf).
T. o. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 459, f. 330A-D (mf).
T. o. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 253, f. 37.17, 25 (mf).
T. o. Ramírez, 2014: 224, f. 152A (m).

m onustus meridionalis Strand, 1907....................North Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031486]
T. albus m. Strand, 1907h: 106 (Dm).

f oscitans Walckenaer, 1837....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031487]
T. o. Walckenaer, 1837: 508 (D).
T. o. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 165, f. 51 (Df).

f pateli Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040746]
T. p. Gajbe, 2004a: 116, f. 144-146 (Df).

f pathaki Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040747]
T. p. Gajbe, 2004a: 118, f. 147-149 (Df).

mf penicillatus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031488]
T. p. Simon, 1909e: 137, f. 13 (Dmf).

j perspicillatus (Thorell, 1890)....................Borneo, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031489]
Daradius p. Thorell, 1890c: 152 (Dj).

f pooneus Tikader, 1965....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031490]
T. p. Tikader, 1965a: 283, f. 7a-c (Df).
T. p. Tikader, 1971a: 16, f. 6F-H (f).
T. p. Tikader, 1980a: 35, f. 48-50 (f).

f pritiae Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040748]
T. p. Gajbe, 2005c: 64, f. 7-9 (Df).

f projectus Tikader, 1960....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031491]
T. p. Tikader, 1960: 181, f. 7a-c (Df).
T. p. Tikader, 1971a: 18, f. 6J-L (f).
T. p. Tikader, 1980a: 40, f. 57-59 (f).
T. p. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 75, f. 133 (f).

f pugilis Stoliczka, 1869....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031492]
T. p. Stoliczka, 1869: 225, pl. 19, f. 3 (Df).
T. p. Pocock, 1904: 803, pl. 66, f. 5.
T. p. Sherriffs, 1939a: 135, f. 1.
T. p. Tikader, 1971a: 21, f. 22D-E (f).
T. p. Tikader, 1980a: 48, f. 71-72 (f).
T. p. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 76, f. 135-136 (f).
T. p. Gajbe, 2007: 439, f. 38-39 (f).

f rajani Bhandari & Gajbe, 2001....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040749]
T. r. Bhandari & Gajbe, 2001b: 81, f. 1-3 (Df).
T. r. Gajbe, 2004a: 119, f. 150-152 (f).

mf retirugus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031494]
T. r. Simon, 1909e: 138, f. 14-15 (Dmf).

mf rigoratus Simon, 1906....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031495]
T. r. Simon, 1906c: 291, f. B (Dmf).

f rishus Tikader, 1970....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031496]
T. r. Tikader, 1970: 47, f. 26a-b (Df).
T. r. Tikader, 1971a: 20, f. 7G-H (f).
T. r. Tikader, 1980a: 45, f. 66-67 (f).

f roeweri Comellini, 1957....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031497]
T. r. Comellini, 1957: 21, f. 35-36 (Df).

m schoutedeni Comellini, 1957....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031498]
T. s. Comellini, 1957: 22, f. 37-39 (Dm).

f schultzei Simon, 1910....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031499]
T. s. Simon, 1910b: 194 (Df).
T. s. Comellini, 1957: 25, f. 40-41 (f).
T. s. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 21, f. 12a-c (f).

mf scrupeus (Simon, 1886)....................Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031500]
Daradius s. Simon, 1886g: 363 (Dmf).
T. caffer Simon, 1904d: 69 (Df).
T. amanicus Strand, 1907a: 537 (Df).
T. amanicus Strand, 1907n: 652 (Df).
T. s. Lessert, 1919: 210.
T. caffer Lessert, 1923: 171, f. 16 (f).
T. quadrituberculatus Lessert, 1943: 327, f. 27-29 (Dm).
T. lindneri Roewer, 1956b: 47, f. 1-2 (Df).
T. s. Comellini, 1957: 26, f. 42-43 (f, S).
T. s. Jézéquel, 1964c: 1121, f. 21-22 (mf).
T. s. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 17, f. 9a-g (mf, S).
T. s. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 432, f. 2 (m).

f shillongensis Sen, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031501]
T. s. Sen, 1963: 610, f. 1a-c (Df).
T. s. Tikader, 1968b: 104, f. 1-3 (f).
T. s. Tikader, 1971a: 22, f. 8G-J (f).
T. s. Tikader, 1980a: 51, f. 76-78 (f).

f shivajiensis Tikader, 1965....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031502]
T. s. Tikader, 1965a: 284, f. 8a-b (Df).
T. s. Tikader, 1971a: 16, f. 6P-Q (f).
T. s. Tikader, 1980a: 33, f. 46-47 (f).

f sikkimensis Tikader, 1962....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031503]
T. s. Tikader, 1962b: 569, f. 3a-c (Df).
T. s. Tikader, 1971a: 14, f. 6A-C (f).
T. s. Tikader, 1980a: 32, f. 43-45 (f).

f simoni Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040750]
T. s. Gajbe, 2004a: 120, f. 153-155 (Df).

mf socotrensis Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007....................Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041214]
T. s. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 185, f. 33-35 (Dmf).

f sorajaii Basu, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031504]
T. s. Basu, 1963: 606, f. 1a-c (Df).
T. s. Tikader, 1971a: 21, f. 7J-L (f).
T. s. Tikader, 1980a: 46, f. 68-70 (f).

mf spectabilis Doleschall, 1859....................India to Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031505]
T. s. Doleschall, 1859: 56, pl. 6, f. 7 (Df).
Xysticus pustulosus L. Koch, 1867b: 220 (Df).
Misumena pustulosa L. Koch, 1874a: 531, pl. 40, f. 6-7 (f, Dm).
Pistius annulipes Thorell, 1877b: 501 (Dj).
Pistius bipunctatus Thorell, 1877b: 504 (Dj).
Pistius pustulosus Thorell, 1881: 331.
Daradius annulipes Thorell, 1891: 78.
Daradius bipunctatus Thorell, 1891: 83.
T. s. Nakatsudi, 1943a: 165, f. 14a-c, pl. XXIII, f. 2 (m).
T. s. Chrysanthus, 1964: 102, f. 55-61 (mf).

mf spiculosus Pocock, 1901....................West, Central, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031506]
T. s. Pocock, 1901b: 340 (Df).
T. dottrensi Comellini, 1957: 10, f. 18-19 (Dm).
T. s. Comellini, 1957: 27, f. 44-45 (f).
T. s. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 11, f. 6a-f (mf, S).

mf stenningi Pocock, 1900....................Africa, Seychelles, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031507]
T. s. Pocock, 1900e: 332 (Df).
T. weberi Lessert, 1923: 174, f. 20 (Dm).
T. weberi Caporiacco, 1949a: 456 (Df).
T. s. Comellini, 1957: 29, f. 48-49 (f).
T. s. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 28, f. 16a-d (f, Sm).
T. s. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1988: 435, f. 3-4 (mf).
T. s. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 180, f. 24-26 (mf).
T. s. Saaristo, 2010: 285, f. 39.3-9 (mf).

m stigmatisatus Walckenaer, 1837....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031508]
T. s. Walckenaer, 1837: 534 (Dm).
T. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 163, f. 45 (m).

mf stoliczkai (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031509]
Daradius stoliczkae Thorell, 1887: 271 (Dm).
Daradius histrionicus Thorell, 1895: 192 (Df).
T. s. Sherriffs, 1929: 243 (synonymy, omitted by Roewer).

f sundari Gajbe & Gajbe, 2001....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038193]
T. s. Gajbe & Gajbe, 2001b: 55, f. 1-3 (Df).
T. s. Gajbe, 2004a: 131, f. 156-158 (f).

f swatowensis Strand, 1907....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031510]
T. s. Strand, 1907k: 200 (Df).

mf tetricus Simon, 1890....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031511]
T. t. Simon, 1890a: 108 (Dmf).

f transversus Fox, 1937....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031513]
T. t. Fox, 1937d: 22, f. 8 (Df).
T. t. Song & Zhu, 1997: 171, f. 120A-B (f).
T. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 487, f. 283B (f).

f trigonus Giebel, 1869....................Germany [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031514]
T. t. Giebel, 1869b: 367 (Df).

mf tripunctatus Lucas, 1858....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031515]
T. t. Lucas, 1858: 400, pl. 12, f. 3 (Df).
T. yolophus Doumerc, 1864: 230, pl. 5, f. 2 (Df).
Daradius yolophus Simon, 1886g: 362 (Dm).
T. t. Simon, 1895a: 1019, f. 1079.
T. t. Millot, 1942: 50, f. 22G-I, 23A-C (mf).

f tuberculatus Dyal, 1935....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031516]
T. t. Dyal, 1935: 102, pl. 14, f. 77 (Df).

f turgidus Walckenaer, 1837....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031517]
T. t. Walckenaer, 1837: 502 (Df).
T. t. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 166, f. 41 (f).

mf unidentatus Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041215]
T. u. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 180, f. 27-29 (Dmf).

f venulatus Walckenaer, 1841....................Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031518]
T. v. Walckenaer, 1841: 470 (Df).

f viveki Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040751]
T. v. Gajbe, 2004a: 123, f. 159-161 (Df).

mf vulnerabilis Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031519]
Daradius stoliczkae Thorell, 1895: 289 (f, misidentified).
Daradius variabilis Thorell, 1897b: 36 (Dm, preoccupied).
T. v. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 312 (replacement name).

mf wangi Tang, Yin & Peng, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046221]
T. w. Tang, Yin & Peng, in Yin et al., 2012: 1304, f. 703a-f (Dmf).

f whitakeri Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040752]
T. w. Gajbe, 2004a: 124, f. 162-164 (Df).

mf yemensis Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041216]
T. y. Dippenaar-Schoeman & van Harten, 2007: 184, f. 30-32 (Dmf).

mf zaheeri Parveen et al., 2008....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042723]
T. z. Parveen et al., 2008: 119, f. 1A-I (Dmf).

mf zhui Tang & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031520]
T. z. Tang & Song, 1988a: 249, f. 13-17 (Dmf).
T. z. Song & Zhu, 1997: 171, f. 121A-F (mf).
T. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 487, f. 283C, N (mf).

f zuluanus Lawrence, 1942....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031521]
T. z. Lawrence, 1942: 155, f. 10 (Df).
T. z. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1983: 20, f. 11a-c (f).

mf zyuzini Marusik & Logunov, 1990....................Turkey, Saudi Arabia to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031522]
T. onustus Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1989c: 24, f. 3a-b (mf, misidentified).
T. z. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 34, f. 6-8 (Df).
T. z. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 144, f. 19-20 (Dm).
T. z. Demir, Aktas & Topçu, 2008a: 45, f. 2-3 (m).