The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: SALTICIDAE

Gen. Thyene Simon, 1885 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03273]

N.B.: considered a junior synonym of Mithion Simon, 1884 by Prószyn'ski, 1987: 111, 156 (by transfer of type species, but given precedence over Mithion Simon, 1884 by ICZN Opinion 1625) and a senior synonym of Gangus Simon, 1902 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02961] by Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010: 184 and of Paramodunda Lessert, 1925 by Prószyn'ski, 1990: 252; for comments on the limits of this genus, see Prószyn'ski, 1992b: 207, f. 183-184.

Transferred to other genera:
T. canestrinii (Ninni, 1868) -- see Mendoza.
T. carlini (Peckham & Peckham, 1903) -- see Menemerus.
T. damarensis Lawrence, 1927 -- see Hyllus.
T. grassei (Berland & Millot, 1941) -- see Pseudicius.
T. gridellii (Caporiacco, 1934) -- see Mendoza.
T. hotingchiehi (Schenkel, 1963) -- see Mendoza.
T. memorabilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) -- see Mendoza.
T. pichoni (Schenkel, 1963) -- see Mendoza.
T. sexmaculatus (C. L. Koch, 1846) -- see Opisthoncus.
T. tschekiangensis (Schenkel, 1963) -- see Mendoza.

In synonymy:
T. bilineata striatipes Lawrence, 1927 = T. bilineata Lawrence, 1927 (Azarkina & Foord, 2013: 176).
T. coccineovittata crudelis (Peckham & Peckham, 1903) = T. coccineovittata (Simon, 1886) (Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 83).
T. lindbergi Roewer, 1962 = T. imperialis (Rossi, 1846) (Logunov & Zamanpoore, 2005: 231).
T. lupula (Simon, 1902, T from Viciria) = T. ocellata (Thorell, 1899) (Clark, 1974: 24, sub Viciria).
T. magdalenae Lessert, 1927 = T. australis Peckham & Peckham, 1903 (Wesolowska & Cumming, 2008: 214).
T. moreletii (Lucas, 1846) = T. imperialis (Rossi, 1846) (Denis, 1947a: 79).
T. sinensis Schenkel, 1963 = T. imperialis (Rossi, 1846) (Wesolowska, 1981b: 159).
T. strandi Caporiacco, 1939 = T. natalii Peckham & Peckham, 1903 (Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 85).
T. viciriaeformis (Berland & Millot, 1941, T from Brancus) = T. ocellata (Thorell, 1899) (Clark, 1974: 24, sub Viciria).

Nomen nudum:
T. indica Prószyn'ski, 1992b: 241.

m aperta (Peckham & Peckham, 1903)....................West Africa, Zimbabwe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036583]
Modunda a. Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 210, pl. 26, f. 9 (Dm).
Paramodunda a. Clark, 1974: 20 (Tm from Modunda=Bianor, S).
T. a. Prószyn'ski, 1990: 348.
T. a. Wesolowska, 2012b: 336, f. 40-44 (m).

mf australis Peckham & Peckham, 1903....................Congo, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036584]
T. a. Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 230, pl. 25, f. 6 (Dm).
T. magdalenae Lessert, 1927: 444, f. 25 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036601].
T. a. Wesolowska & Cumming, 2008: 214, f. 164-170 (m, Sf).

m benjamini Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010....................Sumbawa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043610]
T. b. Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010: 185, f. 152-153, 159-160 (Dm).

f bilineata Lawrence, 1927....................Namibia, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036585]
T. b. Lawrence, 1927: 64, pl. 2, f. 51 (Df).
T. b. striatipes Lawrence, 1927: 65 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036586].
T. b. Azarkina & Foord, 2013: 176, f. 54-62 (f, S).

m bivittata Xie & Peng, 1995....................China, Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036587]
T. b. Xie & Peng, 1995b: 105, f. 1A-E (Dm).
T. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 562, f. 321I-J (m).
T. b. Jastrzebski, 2006: 1, f. 1-5 (m).
T. b. Yin et al., 2012: 1496, f. 816a-d (m).

m bucculenta (Gerstäcker, 1873)....................East, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036588]
Phidippus bucculentus Gerstäcker, 1873: 475, pl. 18, f. 4 (Dm).
T. b. Simon, 1886g: 348.
Thiene b. Pavesi, 1895a: 527.
T. b. Simon, 1903a: 684, f. 812 (m).
T. bucculifera Strand, 1909a: 45 (provisional name only).
T. b. Lessert, 1925a: 486, f. 68, 70, 72 (m).
T. b. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 109-110 (m).
T. b. Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000: 105, f. 290-292 (m).

m chopardi Berland & Millot, 1941....................Niger [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036589]
T. c. Berland & Millot, 1941: 369, f. 68-69 (Dm).

mf coccineovittata (Simon, 1886)....................West, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036590]
Hyllus coccineovittatus Simon, 1886g: 348 (Dmf).
T. crudelis Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 229, pl. 25, f. 5 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036591].
T. ogdenii Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 224, pl. 25, f. 4 (f, misidentified).
T. c. Berland & Millot, 1941: 371, 373, f. 70-71, 72A (mf).
T. c. crudelis Berland & Millot, 1941: 373.
T. c. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 83, f. 176-181, 226-227, 250 (mf, S).

mf concinna (Keyserling, 1881) *....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033505]
Acompse concinnus Keyserling, 1881a: 1322, pl. 112, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
Gangus concinnus Simon, 1903a: 706.
Gangus concinnus Davies & Zabka, 1989: 250, pl. 53 (mf).

j corcula (Pavesi, 1895)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036592]
Thiene c. Pavesi, 1895a: 527 (Dj).

m coronata Simon, 1902....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036593]
T. c. Simon, 1902d: 41 (Dm).
T. c. Simon, 1903a: 684, f. 815 (m).

f dakarensis (Berland & Millot, 1941)....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036594]
Mithion d. Berland & Millot, 1941: 354, f. 56A-D (Df).

mf dancala Caporiacco, 1947....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036596]
T. d. Caporiacco, 1947d: 241, pl. 2, f. 73 (Dmf).

f decora (Simon, 1902)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033506]
Gangus decorus Simon, 1902a: 390 (Df).
Gangus decorus Simon, 1903a: 700, f. 823.

mf gangoides Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010....................Bali [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043609]
T. g. Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010: 184, f. 148-151, 157-158, 162 (Dmf).

mf hesperia (Simon, 1910)....................Guinea, Nigeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044545]
Mithion hesperius Simon, 1910c: 427 (Dmf).
T. h. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 68 (mf; not conspecific with Paramodunda thyenioides Lessert, 1925, contra Clark, 1974).
T. h. Wesolowska & A. Russell-Smith, 2011: 608, f. 205-210 (removed mf from S of T. aperta, contra Prószyn'ski, 1990: 348, after Clark, 1974: 20).

mf imperialis (Rossi, 1846) *....................Old World [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036598]
Attus i. Rossi, 1846: 12 (Dm).
Salticus moreletii Lucas, 1846: 147, pl. 6, f. 3 (Df).
Attus regillus L. Koch, 1867c: 879 (Dm).
Attus argentoe-lineatus Simon, 1868b: 620 (Dmf).
Attus moreletii Simon, 1868b: 622.
Attus moreletii Simon, 1871: 142 (Dm).
Attus regillus O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 611, pl. 60, f. 17 (m, Df).
Marpessa i. Pavesi, 1876b: 24.
Thya i. Simon, 1876a: 52, pl. 11, f. 16 (mf).
Thiene i. Pavesi, 1897b: 183.
T. i. Peckham & Peckham, 1901a: 307, pl. 25, f. 4.
T. i. Simon, 1903a: 687, f. 811, 814 (m).
T. moreleti Reimoser, 1919: 115.
T. i. Simon, 1937: 1236, 1269, f. 2003-2004 (mf).
T. i. Berland & Millot, 1941: 374, f. 72-73 (mf).
T. i. Denis, 1947a: 79 (S).
T. lindbergi Roewer, 1962a: 27, f. 110-111 (Dm).
T. sinensis Schenkel, 1963: 441, f. 253a-f (Df).
T. i. Andreeva, 1976: 94, f. 135-138 (mf).
T. i. Wesolowska, 1981a: 75, f. 94-101 (mf).
T. i. Wesolowska, 1981b: 159, f. 93-95 (f, S).
T. i. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 109-110 (m).
T. i. Prószyn'ski, 1989: 59, f. 69-72 (mf).
T. i. Peng et al., 1993: 242, f. 862-868 (mf).
T. i. Wesolowska & van Harten, 1994: 74, f. 150-153 (mf).
T. i. Xie & Peng, 1995b: 107, f. 5A-F (mf).
T. i. Metzner, 1999: 132, f. 97a-l (mf).
T. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 562, f. 321K-L, 322D-E, 330G (mf).
T. i. Prószyn'ski, 2003: 171, f. 699-702 (mf).
T. i. Trotta, 2005: 172, f. 406-408 (mf).
T. i. Logunov & Zamanpoore, 2005: 231, f. 22-23 (m, S).
T. i. Wunderlich, 2008f: 718, f. 51-54 (mf).
T. i. Prószyn'ski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010: 184, f. 154-156, 163 (mf).

mf inflata (Gerstäcker, 1873)....................Africa, Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036599]
Phidippus inflatus Gerstäcker, 1873: 476 (Dm).
T. squamulata Simon, 1886g: 347 (Dmf).
T. i. Simon, 1886g: 348.
T. i. Strand, 1908a: 197 (f).
T. squamuloides Strand, 1909a: 37 (provisional name only).
T. i. Lessert, 1925a: 480, f. 66-67, 69, 71 (f).
T. i. Berland & Millot, 1941: 374, f. 72C, 74 (mf).
T. i. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 109-110 (mf).
T. i. Próchniewicz, 1989: 222, f. 45-47 (m).
T. i. Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000: 105, f. 293-299 (mf).
T. i. Wesolowska, 2006b: 254, f. 118-120 (m).

m leighi (Peckham & Peckham, 1903)....................Zimbabwe, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036605]
T. leighii Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 225, pl. 25, f. 1 (Dm).
T. ogdeni l. Berland & Millot, 1941: 378 (reduced to subspecies).
T. l. Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: 99, f. 85-88, 100 (m, elevated to species).
T. l. Wesolowska, 2011b: 341, f. 82-84 (m).

mf longula (Simon, 1902)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033507]
Gangus longulus Simon, 1902a: 390 (Dmf).

m manipisa (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995)....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:033508]
Gangus manipisus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 64, f. 28a-g (Dm).

mf natalii Peckham & Peckham, 1903....................Ethiopia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036602]
T. n. Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 227, pl. 25, f. 4 (Dmf).
T. n. Lessert, 1936: 294, f. 92-93 (f).
T. strandi Caporiacco, 1939a: 376, f. 25 (Dj) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036618].
T. strandi Prószyn'ski, 1987: 113 (Df).
T. natali Wesolowska & Cumming, 2008: 216, f. 171-177 (mf).
T. n. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 85, f. 230-231 (S).

f nigriceps (Caporiacco, 1949)....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036603]
Paramodunda n. Caporiacco, 1949a: 470, f. 87 (Df).

mf ocellata (Thorell, 1899)....................West Africa, Bioko [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036760]
Marptusa o. Thorell, 1899: 91 (Dm).
Mithion o. Simon, 1901a: 603.
Viciria lupula Simon, 1902d: 48 (Dm).
Mithion o. Simon, 1903e: 108 (Df).
Brancus viciriaeformis Berland & Millot, 1941: 333, f. 36 (Dm).
Viciria o. Berland & Millot, 1941: 386, f. 81D-F (f).
Viciria o. Clark, 1974: 24 (S).
Viciria o. Wanless & Clark, 1975: 283, f. 17 (m).
Brancus viciriaeformis Prószyn'ski, 1976: 156, f. 283 (m).
T. o. Wesolowska & A. Russell-Smith, 2011: 610, f. 211-214, 237 (Tmf from Viciria).
T. o. Wesolowska & Edwards, 2012: 763, f. 108-110, 126 (f).

mf ogdeni Peckham & Peckham, 1903....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036604]
T. ogdenii Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 224, pl. 25, f. 2 (Dm, not f).
T. o. Lessert, 1925a: 488, f. 73 (m, not f).
T. o. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 86, f. 182-191, 232-233, 251 (m, Df).

mf ogdeni nyukiensis Lessert, 1925....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036606]
T. o. n. Lessert, 1925a: 491, f. 74 (Dm).
T. o. n. Caporiacco, 1949a: 477 (Df).

m orbicularis (Gerstäcker, 1873)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036607]
Phidippus o. Gerstäcker, 1873: 476 (Dm).
T. o. Simon, 1886g: 348.
Thiene o. Pavesi, 1895a: 527.
T. o. Próchniewicz, 1989: 222, f. 49-51 (m).

mf orientalis Zabka, 1985....................China, Vietnam, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036608]
T. o. Zabka, 1985: 454, f. 632-635 (Dm).
T. o. Peng et al., 1993: 244, f. 869-873 (m).
T. o. Xie & Peng, 1995b: 107, f. 6A-E (m).
T. o. Song & Li, 1997: 442, f. 53A-D (m).
T. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 562, f. 321M-N, 330H (m).
T. o. Yin et al., 2012: 1497, f. 817a-d (m).
T. o. Ikeda, 2013b: 85, f. 16-25 (m, Df).

m ornata Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041769]
T. o. Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008: 51, f. 195-197, 215 (Dm).

mf phragmitigrada Metzner, 1999....................Greece [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036609]
T. p. Metzner, 1999: 133, f. 98a-o (Dmf).

f pulchra Peckham & Peckham, 1903....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036610]
T. p. Peckham & Peckham, 1903: 226, pl. 25, f. 3 (Df).
T. p. Wesolowska & Haddad, 2009: 88, f. 192-195, 234 (f).

m punctiventer (Karsch, 1879)....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036611]
Hasarius p. Karsch, 1879e: 832 (Dm).
T. punctiventra Próchniewicz, 1989: 225, f. 56-58 (Tm from Hasarius; N.B.: "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer).

m radialis Xie & Peng, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036612]
T. r. Xie & Peng, 1995b: 105, f. 2A-E (Dm).
T. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 563, f. 321O-P, 330L (m).
T. r. Yin et al., 2012: 1498, f. 818a-e (mf).

j rubricoronata (Strand, 1911)....................Kei Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036613]
Mithion rubricoronatus Strand, 1911d: 182, pl. 4, f. 14 (Dj).

f scalarinota Strand, 1907....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036614]
T. scalarinotum Strand, 1907a: 547 (Df).
T. scalarinotum Strand, 1907n: 723 (f).

mf semiargentea (Simon, 1884)....................Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036615]
Mithion semiargenteus Simon, 1884k: 5, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).
Mithion semiargenteus Simon, 1906a: 1172 (Dm).
T. s. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 111-112 (mf).
T. s. Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000: 108, f. 300-306 (mf).

m sexplagiata (Simon, 1910)....................São Tomé [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036616]
Mithion sexplagiatus Simon, 1910c: 426 (Dm).

m similis Wesolowska & van Harten, 2002....................Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038296]
T. s. Wesolowska & van Harten, 2002: 387, f. 61-63 (Dm).

m splendida Caporiacco, 1939....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036617]
T. s. Caporiacco, 1939a: 378, f. 26 (Dm).
T. s. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 109-110 (m).

mf striatipes (Caporiacco, 1939)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036619]
Paramodunda s. Caporiacco, 1939a: 371, f. 22 (Df).
Paramodunda s. Caporiacco, 1941b: 143, f. 62 (Dm).
T. s. Prószyn'ski, 1987: 113-114 (Tmf from Paramodunda; if transfer is correct a new name will be needed as specific name is preoccupied by T. bilineata striatipes Lawrence, 1927).

f subsplendens Caporiacco, 1947....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036620]
T. s. Caporiacco, 1947d: 240, pl. 2, f. 72 (Df).

f tamatavi (Vinson, 1863)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036621]
Attus t. Vinson, 1863: 62, 303, pl. 10, f. 6 (Df).
Phyale t. Simon, 1864: 315.
Phiale t. Peckham & Peckham, 1885a: 40, pl. 1, f. 10 (f).
T. t. Simon, 1886g: 348.

mf thyenioides (Lessert, 1925)....................Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036622]
Paramodunda t. Lessert, 1925a: 471, f. 55-57 (Dmf).
Paramodunda thyeniformis Caporiacco, 1947d: 243.
Paramodunda aperta Clark, 1974: 20, f. 25-26 (f, S, rejected).
Paramodunda t. Prószyn'ski, 1984a: 168 (not conspecific with T. hesperia, contra Clark, 1974).
T. t. Wesolowska & Cumming, 2008: 218, f. 178-180 (m).
T. t. Haddad & Wesolowska, 2011: 126, f. 216-217, 222-223 (f).

m triangula Xie & Peng, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036623]
T. t. Xie & Peng, 1995b: 106, f. 3A-E (Dm).
T. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 561, f. 321Q, 322I, 330J (m).

m typica Jastrzebski, 2006....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040897]
T. t. Jastrzebski, 2006: 3, f. 11-15 (Dm).

mf varians Peckham & Peckham, 1901....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036624]
T. v. Peckham & Peckham, 1901a: 308 (Dmf).

m villiersi Berland & Millot, 1941....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036625]
T. v. Berland & Millot, 1941: 376, f. 75 (Dm).
T. v. Wanless & Clark, 1975: 284, f. 18-19 (m).

mf vittata Simon, 1902....................Ethiopia, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036626]
T. v. Simon, 1902d: 40 (Dmf).

m yuxiensis Xie & Peng, 1995....................China, Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036627]
T. y. Xie & Peng, 1995b: 106, f. 4A-E (Dm).
T. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 563, f. 322J-K, 330K (m).
T. y. Jastrzebski, 2006: 2, f. 6-10 (m).