The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERIDIIDAE

Gen. Tidarren Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00729]

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Echinotheridion Levi, 1963 (Wunderlich, 1992a: 410, contra Wunderlich, 1987).

Transferred to other genera:
T. cartum (Levi, 1963) -- see Echinotheridion.
T. fordum luctuosum Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Cryptachaea.
T. gibberosum (Kulczyn'ski, 1899) -- see Echinotheridion.
T. incertissimum Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Theridion.
T. rostratum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) -- see Cryptachaea.

In synonymy:
T. ansatum (Walckenaer, 1841, T from Theridion) = T. sisyphoides (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1957a: 21).
T. chevalieri (Berland, 1936) = T. cuneolatum (Tullgren, 1910) (Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1515).
T. fordulum (Banks, 1909, T from Theridion) = T. haemorrhoidale (Bertkau, 1880) (Levi, 1969: 71, contra Levi, 1957c: 73).
T. fordum (Keyserling, 1884) = T. sisyphoides (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1969: 72, after Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 57).
T. guineense (Simon, 1907, T from Theridion) = T. scenicum (Thorell, 1899) (Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1567).
T. hagemanni Schmidt, 1956 = T. cuneolatum (Tullgren, 1910) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 410, sub T. chevalieri).
T. minor Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934 = T. haemorrhoidale (Bertkau, 1880) (Levi, 1969: 71, contra Levi, 1957c: 73).
T. probum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899, T from Dipoena) = T. sisyphoides (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1963a: 138).
T. pseudogibberosum Schmidt, 1973 (removed from S of Echinotheridion gibberosum) = T. cuneolatum (Tullgren, 1910) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 410, contra Wunderlich, 1987, sub T. chevalieri).
T. texanum (Banks, 1910) = T. haemorrhoidale (Bertkau, 1880) (Levi, 1969: 71, contra Levi, 1957c: 73).
T. turrigerum (Simon, 1899, T from Theridion) = T. scenicum (Thorell, 1899) (Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1567).

f aethiops Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039821]
T. a. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1548, f. 157-163, 172 (Df).

f afrum Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Cameroon, Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039822]
T. a. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1551, f. 164-171, 173 (Df).

f apartiolum Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039823]
T. a. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1575, f. 187, 194, 230-233 (Df).

mf argo Knoflach & van Harten, 2001....................Yemen, Chad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037543]
Theridion cuneolatum Denis, 1955e: 2, f. 2-4 (f, misidentified).
T. a. Knoflach & van Harten, 2001: 450, f. 1-2, 3a-d, 4a-c, 7-8 (Dmf).
T. a. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1506, f. 7-8, 18-20, 22, 25-26, 31-33, 38, 41-44, 50a-b, 52-76, 154 (mf).

f circe Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039824]
T. c. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1556, f. 174, 196-199 (Df).

mf cuneolatum (Tullgren, 1910)....................Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008924]
Theridion c. Tullgren, 1910: 132, pl. 2, f. 48 (Df).
Theridion chevalieri Berland, 1936: 82, f. 28-29 (Df).
T. hagemanni Schmidt, 1956e: 146, f. 4-6 (Dmf).
T. pseudogibberosum Schmidt, 1973: 368, f. 5 (Df).
T. hagemanni Wunderlich, 1987a: 208, f. 546 (f).
T. chevalieri Wunderlich, 1987a: 208 (Tf from Theridion).
T. chevalieri Wunderlich, 1992a: 410, f. 606 (f, Sm).
T. chevalieri Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 93, f. 5-6 (m).
T. c. Knoflach & van Harten, 2000b: 1641, f. 1-22 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).
T. c. Knoflach & Pfaller, 2004: 136, f. 19b, 21g (mf).
T. c. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1515, f. 2, 9, 11-15, 27, 34-35, 45-49, 78, 81-104, 121 (mf, S).

f dasyglossa Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039825]
T. d. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1577, f. 188-189, 234-238 (Df).

mf dentigerum Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039826]
T. d. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1528, f. 17, 79, 105-120 (Dmf).

m ephemerum Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039827]
T. e. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1580, f. 239-242 (Dm).

mf gracile Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039828]
T. g. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1534, f. 80, 122-135, 156 (Dmf).

f griswoldi Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039829]
T. g. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1559, f. 175, 200-203 (Df).

mf haemorrhoidale (Bertkau, 1880)....................USA to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008925]
Theridion h. Bertkau, 1880a: 78 (Df).
Theridion elevatum Banks, 1897: 195 (Df, preoccupied).
Steatoda elevata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 387.
Theridion fordulum Banks, 1909a: 203 (D).
Theridion texanum Banks, 1910: 20 (replacement name for Theridion elevatum).
T. minor Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934: 10, pl. 3 (Dm).
T. minor Archer, 1950: 15, pl. II, f. 2 (m).
T. mixtum Kraus, 1955b: 19, f. 45-48 only (f, misidentified).
T. texanum Levi, 1957a: 21 (Tf from Theridion).
T. fordum Levi, 1957c: 73, f. 49-57, 61-64 (mf, S, misidentified).
T. h. Levi, 1969: 71 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).
T. h. Breene et al., 1993: 59, f. 27A-C (mf).
T. h. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1590, f. 260-265, 267-271 (mf).

f horaki Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039830]
T. h. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1582, f. 184-185, 195, 243-246 (Df).

f konrad Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039831]
T. k. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1540, f. 16, 136-141 (Df).

f lanceolatum Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039832]
T. l. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1561, f. 176, 204-207 (Df).

f levii Schmidt, 1957....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008926]
T. l. Schmidt, 1957: 283, f. 4-5 (Df).
T. l. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1562, f. 208-211 (f).

mf mixtum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008927]
Theridium m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 206, pl. 24, f. 11 (Df).
Steatoda mixta F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 383, pl. 36, f. 8 (f).
T. m. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934: 9, pl. 2 (mf).
T. m. Kraus, 1955b: 19, f. 43-44 only (f; not f. 45-48, = T. haemorrhoidale).
T. m. Levi, 1957c: 72, f. 40, 46-48 (f).
T. m. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1597, f. 272-275 (f).

mf obtusum Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039833]
T. o. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1585, f. 186, 190-192, 247-258 (Dmf).

f perplexum Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Cameroon, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039834]
T. p. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1565, f. 177, 212-215 (Df).

f scenicum (Thorell, 1899)....................Cameroon, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008673]
Theridion s. Thorell, 1899: 24 (Df).
Theridion turrigerum Simon, 1899d: 418 (Df).
Theridion guineense Simon, 1907d: 257 (Df).
T. s. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1567, f. 178-180, 216-221 (Tf from Theridion, S).

mf sheba Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039835]
T. s. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1543, f. 77, 142-153, 155 (Dmf).

mf sisyphoides (Walckenaer, 1841) *....................USA to Argentina, West Indies [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:008928]
Theridion s. Walckenaer, 1841: 321 (Df).
Theridion ansatum Walckenaer, 1841: 320 (Df).
Theridium fordum Keyserling, 1884a: 23, pl. 1, f. 9 (Df).
Dipoena proba O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 294, pl. 37, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
Steatoda forda F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 382, pl. 36, f. 7 (f).
Theridium fordum Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 194, f. 39 (f).
T. fordum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934: 5, pl. 1 (mf).
T. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 57 (removed from S of Achaearanea tepidariorum, S).
T. s. Levi, 1957a: 21 (S).
T. s. Levi, 1957c: 70, f. 41-45, 58-60 (mf).
T. s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 44, f. 87-89 (mf).
T. s. Levi, 1963a: 138 (S).
T. s. Levi, 1969: 72 (S).
T. s. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 47, f. 48-50 (mf).
T. s. Gruia, 1977: 159, f. 2-4 (mf).
T. s. Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 48-50 (mf).
T. s. Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 48-50 (mf).
T. s. Roth, 1994: 183, f. 48, 50 (mf).
T. s. Agnarsson, 2004: 601, f. 86A-G, 87A-F (mf).
T. s. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1599, f. 1, 5-6, 37, 266, 276-289 (mf).

f ubickorum Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039836]
T. u. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1571, f. 181-182, 193, 222-225 (Df).

f usambara Knoflach & van Harten, 2006....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039837]
T. u. Knoflach & van Harten, 2006: 1573, f. 183, 226-229 (Df).